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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for October 12, 2019

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Talking Fall Armyworms in Blaine
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Fall Herbicide Applications
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • NASS Survey Reminder
  • Food Whys
  • Tiny farms are becoming a big deal

 

Talking Fall Armyworms in Blaine

(upbeat guitar music)

>>> Good morning and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Dave Deken and if you've already planted wheat,

you may have noticed some damage to your crop.

We've come to Blaine County this morning

to look at some of the impacts fall army worms

have had on wheat.

We start this morning

with Oklahoma State University extension entomologist

Dr. Tom Royer.

>>> If you've ever read the book The Hungry Caterpillar

when they get bigger, they can really start

chowing down on a wheat field and cause some

even stand loss.

Especially when it's young like this.

>>> In the northern part of the county,

people are just planning and it's starting to come up.

In the southern end of the county,

there's more wheat up and it's looking good.

But army worms are starting in the

other parts of the county.

>>> When the army worms hit, you know,

it's cover the acres as fast as you can

because, you know, in a two day period of time

your field can go backwards or even be demolished

by these little worms.

It seems like in the last four years,

everybody that goes out and plants early

seems to have to spray.

But I feel like those moths

really focus on those first fields

and they really lay their eggs heavy

in those fields and then you have infestations.

And then, as it progresses, you know

there's more fields, the moths spread out,

and you have less of a problem.

But the guys that plant the earliest,

and around here we're 90% graze, you know,

so everybody's chasing that early pasture,

planting early.

So I mean it's kind of become the norm anymore

for the early guys, they're going to have to spray.

>>> You know, I've had more calls from farmers

say, "Yeah, I saw the worms out there.

They were really little, I didn't think much of them,

and then I came back a few days later and it was like,

they're big, and they're chewing down the crop."

So, it doesn't take long,

especially when we have warm weather,

for them to grow and be able to start consuming

for their food.

You know, there's some fields that get treated

and others don't and so it's even more critical I think

for any grower to check their field

and kind of regularly see what's going on.

Because you know, from one field to the next

you may have a serious problem.

In another field you may not.

>>> This year, the weather's warmer.

The worms are hatching in a longer period of time.

They're not moving on.

And next thing you know, it's a widespread problem.

So that's one reason why we use airplanes, you know,

and we contract through them.

Because they can cover acres

way faster than the ground rig can.

>>> One of the things that I always like to stress

with an army worm, they will,

on the last larva stage,

their last molt before they turn into a pupae,

they will eat 70-75% of all the green material

they'll ever eat in their whole life

as a caterpillar.

So they can eat a lot in just a few days.

They can cycle through their whole life cycle in 20 days

as a caterpillar.

And as it cools off, they're going to be slower growing.

But they're still going to be out there

eating the same amount of material.

They can literally take the plants out.

So that they don't have anything.

And they just have to think about whether they want to

harvest for grain, if they want to graze.

That'll all come into play.

But gosh, if you've already planted the field,

why would you not want to protect your investment.

 

>>> And by the sounds of it, Amanda,

producers really should be looking for

army worms right now.

When is it too late to replant from army worm damage?

>>> So, that really depends on each case.

So that decision would have to be made on a

field by field basis.

So it depends on if a producer is aiming for

a grain yield system or forage.

So that will depend on the region and a lot of things.

I know last year people got good yield

even planting very late or later than expected.

>>> And overall, how does the wheat crop look

across the state right now?

>>> It's looking pretty good.

So, we are about halfway done

with planting the variety trial

so we have been finding very good soil moisture.

And we have seen farmers planting now

and also a lot of wheat that is already emerging

and the fields are looking good.

But that also draws our attention for the fall army worms.

So farmers need to be out there

and start to scout.

But yeah, it's looking good.

>>> And it's important for producers if they do have questions

to go ahead and get to their county office

and talk with the educators.

>>> Yes, we have several sources they can use for help.

For sure, contact their Extension Office.

I have also posted things on our blog for example,

for the (wind drowns out words) account.

So yeah, so they can go after the several helpful resources

that OSU provide.

>>> Excellent, thank you very much.

Dr. Amanda Silva, with Oklahoma State University.

And for a link to those resources, go to our website,

sunup.okstate.edu.

(guitar/harmonica music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> [Wes] Finally it feels like fall

has arrived to Oklahoma.

A series of strong cold fronts have dropped air temperatures

to below normal.

It takes a little while, but the cooler air

is slowly dropping the soil temperatures as well.

On the morning of the 8th, four inch soil temperatures

under sod, were mostly in the 60s.

There were a few 50s in the panhandle and some 70s

hanging on in the south.

Under bare soil at four inches, we see temperatures

were a little lower, being mostly in the 50s and low 60s.

This got me thinking about, how low soil temperatures

usually drop in the winter time in Oklahoma.

To find out, let's look at Hinton in the middle part

of the state, over the past 10 years.

At the two inch depth, under sod, I found that it dropped

below freezing in nine of the last 10 years.

Usually only one or twice each year.

The coolest temperatures seen were 25 degrees

in January of 2014, the black line, and 2015, the red line.

At the four inch depth, it reached freezing in six

of the last 10 years.

The lowest being 25.9 degrees shown

by the yellow line in 2015.

When looking down to 10 inches, no freezing temps

were seen even in the coldest day of 2015.

Now here's Gary, with some drought details for the state.

>>> Thanks Wes and good morning everyone.

Well it certainly fells like fall out there

and it's about time.

But how have we done with rainfall?

We got a lot in the northeast.

Now did that impact the drought monitor report?

Let's take a look.

Still the same basic pattern that we had,

that moderate to severe drought down

in far southwest Oklahoma, surrounding

by abnormally dry conditions.

We've really gotten rid of most of the at least,

moderate drought across the rest of the state.

We still have areas that are dangerously close though,

up in the far northwest and the panhandle,

down in far southeast Oklahoma and then down

in west central Oklahoma around Roger Mills

and Ellis counties.

So those are the areas we're gonna have to target

with the next rainfall.

See if we can bust those out.

I want to show you just October rainfall.

So let's go back to the beginning of fall,

at least climatological fall, September 1st and this is

through October 7th.

We had some huge rains over in eastern Oklahoma

through this month and week timeframe.

Now, down in central Oklahoma, over in the western parts

of the panhandle, not so much.

Less than an inch in some cases.

And as we look at that as the percent of normal

on the same timeframe, we can see those red and orange areas

and even yellow areas are places

where the drought threatens to come back.

Down in central and to south central Oklahoma

and again up in the panhandle.

Areas to watch as we go through the next few weeks

but at least it is calmed down so we don't have

as much danger of going back to drought as quickly.

So we think fall is here and even actually

feels like winter like we said.

And well we might have some warmer weather coming back.

This is for later into next week.

The Climate Predictions Center does see increased odds

of above normal temperatures at least for that timeframe.

That doesn't mean that we're going to see

the type of weather that we saw through much of September

into early October.

However, it might be a little bit warmer

than what we're used to this time of year.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet weather report.

 

Fall Herbicide Applications

>>> We're out her at the Marshall Research Center

with our extension weed specialist Misha Manuchehri

and Misha, what do you have going on today?

>>> We are planning our first research trial

and this one's specifically looking at management

of rescue grass.

One of our hardest bromes to control.

>>> And before we get into you know, that rescue grass,

let's kind of talk about you know, across the state

for grazing, producers pretty much already have their wheat

in the ground, but for the grain only crop you know,

they're just really starting to gear up to plant,

are there still things that producers can do

to manage you know, some of those you know,

those pesky grasses?

>>> Yeah, there absolutely is.

So the earliest timing that we have after burn down

is delayed pre-emergence herbicides,

which I talk a lot about because many of those products

control Italian ryegrass which we do battle in our state.

And those products go out basically right at spike.

So kinda what we're seeing now

here on the ground that's planted around this study.

And there's several products.

I think we're gonna link

a fact sheet to some recommendations,

but for rye grass, yes, there is still time

if you're just planted, or about to plant.

>>> And when it comes to that other type of grass

that you're studying here, most of those herbicides

pretty much don't do anything, right?

>>> That's correct.

So many of our delayed pre-emergent products are very

specific to Italian rye grass, many of the bromes.

We do have some pre-options.

Typically we're going out with post-emergence products

once they have already emerged.

So in this study we're looking at

two of those herbicide options.

We're also looking at planting date and variety selection.

Kinda throwing everything at it,

'cause it's such a tough wheat.

>>> Is that weed something that kinda impacts all of Oklahoma,

or is really kinda central to the northwest part

of the state, or the western part of the state?

>>> Yeah.

I hear most wheat growing regions complain about it,

and it seems like we're dealing with it more and more,

because it's the very first winter annual grass to emerge.

It's coming up in our September planted wheat,

and into our October planted wheat.

We're trying to learn when are we getting

too late in the season where it's not emerging,

and so that is part of this research project as well.

>>> Now, you also had a clinic that was gonna be coming up,

but some things kinda, you know,

happened where that's not gonna be possible.

>>> Yeah, so we have been so thankful that we've hosted

the herbicide symptomology clinic the past three years,

and we planned to have it again this year.

We had several, several inches of rainfall

after planting and spraying pres,

and so we're gonna cancel it for this season.

Look for the clinic next fall.

It's always that Friday of homecoming weekend,

and we're also hoping to incorporate a summer clinic.

So for those who were looking forward to coming out,

thank you, and we hope next fall.

>>> You know, you mentioned rainfall

kind of disrupting that clinic.

Does rainfall impact at all, either the lack thereof,

or the amount of rainfall in regards, or you know,

a lot of rainfall in regards to herbicide management?

How does that play into the whole--

>>> Yeah, that's a great question.

So those delayed pre-emergence products

that we talked about that go on,

around wheat spike, they have to be

incorporated by rainfall into the soil profile.

So we need to be really strategic in those

applications where we see rain coming.

Our post products, once the weeds are up,

they don't need to be incorporated,

but we do need to make sure we have good contact,

and don't have rains washing off

product too quick after application.

>>> All right, thanks Mischa.

If you would like a link to the fact sheet

that Mischa was referring to earlier,

go to our website, sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Fall of course is weaning time

for most spring calving operations,

and weaning time also means that it's cow culling time.

That time when we decide which cows

we don't wanna keep around and feed all winter long,

and we go ahead and market them.

When we're marketing cull cows,

I think it's extremely important

that we understand cull cow pricing.

What goes into what these cows bring

as we take them into the local livestock market.

We remember of course that cows are graded

in four different grades, depending upon their fatness.

Within each of those grades however,

there's probably a bigger swing in price

just due to dressing percent.

And as you look at the market news reports,

you'll see that these cows are given different prices

depending upon whether they're average,

low, or high dressing percent cows.

What do they mean by dressing percent?

Dressing percent mathematically is just the weight

of the carcass divided by the live weight of the cow.

So anything that will contribute

to the live weight of the cow as she's going into the market

that will not end up on her hanging carcass

is going to decrease the dressing percent.

Such things as a lot of mud on the cow,

a heavy udder, cows with a lot of leather,

cows with horns, cows that are pregnant.

Those things, of course, can influence dressing percent.

In some cases in a small way,

others perhaps more dramatically.

The one that we have some influence over as cow managers

as we're marketing these cows is gut fill.

The how much water and feed we have

in these cows as they go through the marketplace.

There's often a temptation to, actually,

the old term is tank up these cows,

put a lot of feed and water into them before we market them

thinking we'll get a little more weight,

but the fact that there's such a difference

in high dressing and low dressing percent cows in price

will actually just negate any of the advantages

that you would have in the added weight.

So my advice is don't make an attempt

to try to tank up these cows, get extra feed,

extra water in 'em before they're marketed.

They'll just go into that low dressing percent category,

and it'll actually lose you a few dollars.

I hope this helps you as you market cows this fall,

and we look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(upbeat music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist, joins us now.

Kim, the latest WASDE is out, and that KC wheat contract

crossed the elusive four-10 mark.

Let's start with the WASDE numbers.

>>> Lyndall, let's start with wheat, on the United States

and they lowered production just a little bit,

they raised the ending stocks, and the higher ending

stocks are because they lowered the exports.

In the world situation, they lowered production

and increased ending stocks.

Now right after that report came out, wheat prices fell

about seven or eight cents,

and the reason is the analyst projected

that US ending stocks would be 1,015,000,000 bushels.

USDA came out with 1,043,000,000 bushels,

so slightly higher, but enough to get 'em excited.

In world ending stocks the analyst

had it at 10.5 billion bushels, it came out at 10.57,

so higher ending stocks even at the margin,

took off about seven cents.

Now if you look at corn, well analysts for this report

was at 3.684 billion bushels.

The USDA just lowered those corn a little bit to 3.779

and of course their market reaction to that,

they didn't particularly care for it

and corn prices are low.

Soybeans, analysts in the USDA are relatively close

with the analysts at 3.583, the USDA at 3.55.

It's good cotton, just minor changes in cotton,

slightly lower production, slightly lower endings.

>>> Let's talk now about

that KC wheat contract crossing four-10,

and then news of the WASDE came out.

What was that phenomenon?

>>> Well I got excited midweek, you know it popped through

four-10 and it held it, it was up around four-15, four-16.

It's the third time it's done that, I thought finally,

and then the WASDE came out, and you know,

dumped water on it all, it's back below four-10.

It's just going to wallow around in this area,

it's going to play with us between $4 and $4.20,

and I just don't see it going much anywhere

but right in there.

>>> Okay let's switch gears and talk about summer crop harvest

and the progress there.

>>> Well that's starting for the most part,

let's for benchmark for these numbers,

wheat was 4.4 million acres planted.

Now in cotton we planted 720,000 acres,

planning on harvesting 550 of it.

77% of the cotton was reported to be mature,

1% of it's been harvested.

Soybeans, we planted 520,000 acres, planning on harvesting

around 500,000 of those,

27% of the beans are ready for harvest,

and we've harvested 1%.

Corn, we've planted 350,000 acres,

planning on harvesting 305, 90% of it's mature and ready.

We're about halfway through that.

And with sorghum, 215,000 planted acres,

160,000 harvested, 63% of it's ready to be harvested,

and we've harvested 24% of it.

So we're making progress, but I think we're behind schedule,

or behind where the market thinks we should be.

>>> So with all this in mind, what's your bottom line

on the current market?

>>> Well you look at what's going on in the market,

there's not really much good news in the market,

now if you want higher, you got to look at,

can we get it in?

That's got to be the most important thing to producers,

is getting it in the bin,

price-wise, there's just not much there for better prices.

>>> Okay lots of information Kim, thanks a lot.

And now a word about the survey underway, about land rates.

 

NASS Survey Reminder

>>> Okay even though the deadline for the Custom Rate Survey

was on October 11th, those recipients of the survey

can still respond to that survey.

They are still encouraged to fill it out, and mail it back.

Information will be released in a publication,

Current Report 205 which is the Oklahoma Farm and Ranch

Custom Rates, and that will be released

shortly after the first of the year.

It really covers a whole gamut of typical,

I would say farming and ranch operations

that are conducted out there in production agriculture.

(upbeat music)

 

Food Whys

>>> If you've been on the lookout for healthy

eating options, you may have heard of ancient grains

and wondered, well, what are those?

While there's no official definition,

in general ancient grains are considered to be largely

unchanged due to a lack of selective breeding

over the last several centuries.

So grains such as oats and sorghum fall under this category.

Some varieties of wheat such as spelt and bulgur

are also considered to be ancient grains.

Why is there so much interest in ancient grains?

Well, they can be very nutritious.

They can be high in fiber, protein, and antioxidants.

For consumers that suffer from celiac disease,

some ancient grains such as amaranth and millet

may be attractive because they don't contain gluten.

However, it's important to remember

that this isn't always the case.

For example, spelt and barley, which are also considered

to be ancient grains do contain gluten.

Foods made from whole wheat flour or brown rice,

which are both considered to be modern grains,

can also be quite nutritious.

So it's important to keep in mind not to be confused

or unduly influenced by marketing.

Both ancient and modern grains can be healthy choices.

Something else to keep in mind is that cooking with ancient

grains may require a certain amount

of recalibration in the kitchen.

Because of differences in fiber and protein content,

recipes that have previously used refined grains

may need to be tweaked when it comes to the amount of water

or fat that is used if an ancient grain

is going to substituted.

However, don't let this be an obstacle to you

trying out something new.

Remember, whether you choose a modern grain

or an ancient one, there are many options available

to help you enjoy a healthy diet.

(upbeat music)

For more information, please visit sunup.okstate.edu

or fapc.biz.

 

Tiny farms are becoming a big deal

>>> Odds are that before the latest generation of ag producers

were out managing fields like this,

they were probably plowing up their living rooms

with miniature tractors.

This morning we learn about the little town

of Redlands, Oklahoma and how places

like it are growing in popularity.

>>> Some of the equipment that I build, you know,

is only regional to this area.

I really thought out and I based it off of some friends

around here, the quarter section farmer,

where, you know, he doesn't have (claps) the brand new

shiniest, but he's making a little living off of it,

and he's wrenching to keeping the stuff together

and I really tried hard to keep stuff (slapping)

all plausible for what it would be.

First generation Dodges, everybody around here owns one,

nobody's ever made a toy of it.

>>> [Narrator] This attention to detail really does make

you feel like you're looking at a miniature

version of Oklahoma but.

>>> Until my wife retires,

Redlands, Oklahoma's in the state of Michigan (laughs).

In a basement of a 2,000 square foot house (laughs).

It literally doesn't exist.

There is a Redlands Road in Oklahoma, here in Stillwater,

and it is where most of my friends live and farm.

>>> [Narrator] I have to admit when I first

saw Redlands, Oklahoma on Instagram, I went to the map

to find it without any luck.

In some ways it's better that Chris

was building this in Michigan because it shows

how much he loves rural life in our great state.

Through his displays, he's connected with other toy farm

enthusiasts and has worked with them to show the world

what's going on on a miniature version

of our red dirt roads.

>>> Kevin.

He came up to the show last year and he knew me

from the farm toy world and I realized

that he was Pistol Pete (laughs).

So we had a good time getting to talk back and forth

and (mumbles) I said, he was happy to meet me

and I was really happy to meet him.

This is one, like I said, one of his first displays

that he's done and he's done a great job on it.

His family has a real farm of substantial size.

>>> I've always been involved in farm toys and I came

here last year and hung out with Shawn and Chris

and got bit by the bug and I was,

always been interested in them so I thought,

well I need to build a display and he messaged me

about something on the farm toy show and I thought,

you know, I could make a display before it comes up.

It was like three weeks ago,

so I just started building it and I had so many ideas

I wanted to fit on one board cause I've,

limited space in college and thought well,

I'll just put it all on one.

So I wanted to have a road and big 'ol cow field,

or cow pasture and tilled field and cotton field

and shop to showcase everything I can't put on the display

so that's kind of what it is.

Just a little modge podge of everything.

>>> You can do so much more little detail.

I mean, I have one with little displays as simple as,

you know, against eight by eights

with my chicken pen here because I, you know,

I not only worry about having chickens.

Well I worry about, well if it's chickens

there's gotta be little feeders.

Then there's gotta be waters, there's gotta be hen hutches,

there's gotta be, so everything, I mean,

down to under the roof over the top of the one,

or of the single wide trailer,

I wanted a chunk of AstroTurf

cause grass wouldn't go there to put the chairs on.

>>> All the dirt is screened dirt that I had

from back home, so that's just,

I put it in the oven, let it dry for a couple hours

and screened it.

The grass is just plastic grass I got off the internet

and gravel's screened gravel.

And it just comes together if you just think

about it and then, you know like whenever you go

sitting down to work on it,

you know what you're gonna do.

>>> [Narrator] No matter where Redlands, Oklahoma

or any farm display actually is,

we can see ourselves on that farm fixing a combine,

enjoying an afternoon with the chickens.

(upbeat music)

Checking cattle, or harvesting cotton.

If you get down on that level and start looking around.

 

Well that does it for us this week on SUNUP.

If there's something on the show that you'd like to learn

more about visit our website, sunup.okstate.edu

and while you're there check out our social media.

From a wheat field in Blaine County,

I'm Dave Deken and remember,

Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(upbeat acoustic country music)

(gentle guitar music)

 

 

 

 

 

 

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