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Phone: (405) 744-4065
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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for September 21, 2019

This show includes the following segments: 

  • New OSU beardless wheat variety seed available for fall planting
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Preparing for plant dormancy ahead for wildfire season
  • Market Monitor
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Vet Script

 

New OSU beardless wheat variety seed available for fall planting

(upbeat music)

>>> Hello, everyone, and welcome to SUNUP, I'm Lyndall Stout.

OSU researchers released a new wheat variety this week,

the first beardless option in many years.

To get up to speed, we visited with

wheat breeder Brett Carver.

>>> We are very excited about a new beardless wheat variety

from Oklahoma State University.

It's an area of research we have devoted

significant energy to.

I think the most special thing about OK Corral

is the way the head looks.

The head does not have awns on it,

we call that beardless.

And the beardless type allows us to do more things

in the field with a wheat variety

than we can do with a bearded variety.

>>> OK Corral is unique in other ways as well,

talk about some of those other qualities.

>>> Yeah, it's unique in a way that, I guess,

is kind of common.

It should be common but maybe it's not for beardless wheat.

In other words, it just does what bearded wheats should do,

and will do.

It will yield, no doubt about it.

It will win yield contest.

It will also win, I think, some baking contests.

Good combination of quality and agronomics,

all packaged into the same variety,

just like it should be for a bearded variety.

But in this case, it's beardless, which, again,

opens up options.

>>> Give us some insight into the name that was chosen,

OK Corral, there's always a story behind the name

with these varieties.

>>> Well, this story would be a short story.

Most varieties, it does take some time

to figure it out.

But, this one just came pretty quick and Jeff Wright,

with Oklahoma Foundation Seed Stocks,

helped that process immensely.

He was the one that came up with the name.

And it connects the variety to the cattle market,

like it should, if it's gonna be used for that purpose.

Not necessarily, but for that purpose.

But also, I like to think of this as a variety

that can corral some really tough diseases

that we have to deal with in Oklahoma.

We have quite a few,

what I call the big 12 of wheat diseases.

>>> Oklahoma's a big dual-purpose wheat state,

what kind of flexibility does this variety give growers

during the growing season, in terms of marketing decisions?

>>> Yeah, that's a very important point about

making that decision in season.

Sometimes with a beardless variety,

if you know it doesn't have the quality

that it should have to go into the elevator

and go into our grain system,

you pretty much have to dedicate that ground

and that crop to a hay crop.

With OK Corral you do not.

You can plant that crop and you can do

one of three things with it.

You can chop it, hay it off or graze it out,

for that matter.

You can graze it and then harvest it for grain

as a dual-purpose crop, just like we do a lot

of our wheat varieties.

Or you could just grow it for the grain.

It is a grain-only crop as well,

and intended for that purpose.

>>> It really takes an entire team to develop

these wheat varieties, years of science,

including help from undergraduates.

>>> Very good, that is a very good point.

We do have a Wheat Improvement Team, of course,

that helps with the development of new varieties.

But, beyond our team, we have a cast of graduate students

and sometimes undergraduate students

that help in this research effort.

>>> Last, but not least, there is seed available

for this growing season.

>>> Yes, that's what we're talking now, in fact,

in September, instead of the usual time, January/February.

Seed is immediately available, to the tune

of several thousand bushels of foundation seed.

So, there should not be a problem there,

of having access to it.

>>> Well, Dr. Carver, congratulations to you and the team,

once again, and thanks for telling us about OK Corral.

>>> Great, thanks for the opportunity.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hello, Wes Lee, with your weekly Mesonet weather report.

About a week ago, we received rain that was able

to add moisture in some of the state's driest locations.

Here is a five-day map from Tuesday,

showing where the rain was heaviest.

A particularly heavy storm dropped

over four inches in Putnam.

Mesonet currently has 120 sites across the state

recording rainfall every five minutes.

This two month rainfall map from September 17th

shows different colors, all across the state.

There are two other methods on our website

to potentially determine rainfall in your area.

Here you will see the option of selecting either COOP data

or CoCoRaHS data.

COOP is short for Cooperative Observer Program.

These are sites operated at mainly airports, lake dams,

and municipal sites.

There are currently 142 active sites in the state.

Shown is a table from one of the sites.

I selected to show the first two weeks of September

at the Guthrie Municipal Airport.

Here we see that rain was reported on the 12th and 13th.

COOP data is only reported once daily

and can sometimes be several days behind.

CoCoRaHS is a citizen reported weather gathering network

nationwide.

It started in Oklahoma in 2006 and currently has

180 people reporting daily rainfall.

This is a map of CoCoRaHS reporters in Oklahoma County

on September 13th.

A site by Edmond reported 1.22 inches,

while the site near Warr Acres came in at 0.27.

Directly on the CoCoRaHS website,

we can see rainfall over a period of time

for a particular site.

This chart is showing the Warr Acres site

over a week's time.

If you would like to volunteer for the CoCoRaHS network,

give us a call or email cocorahs@mesonet.org.

Gary is out this week (upbeat guitar music)

but hopefully will be back

next week with an improved drought monitor map.

See you next week on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(loud guitar strumming)

 

 

>>> With word of a new wheat variety this week,

we wanted to revisit the question,

"Do different types of wheat have a taste difference?"

Here is a favorite story from 2018.

>>> When I came here I didn't know much about wheat

and I learned about these interesting competitions they have

where students will grow their own wheat,

send the wheat in,

and then the university judges them.

They look at the kernel size and then go through the

trouble of baking them.

That is the same way we evaluate wheat varieties being

considered for release to the public,

but part of the evaluation never included taste.

That just raised the question,

"Could people really tell the difference?"

and so we designed a research experiment to test that.

>>> We wanted all of the wheat varieties treated

exactly the same,

and so all of this is standardized.

Every sample was treated the exact same time,

proofed the exact same time,

so all the samples are treated so close to the same that

we are not influencing how tall the loaf rises or the taste,

that's what we were shooting at.

Norwood and I talked about,

"What, you think they will be able to tell the difference?"

And I was like, nah,

"I don't think so,"

but I was really surprised,

and I was really shocked,

and it really enlightened me.

>>> What we found is that for some varieties,

they couldn't tell the difference,

but for some varieties they could.

There were two in particular,

the Gallagher and Ruby Lee varieties,

people could tell the difference between

the two varieties 68 to 75% of the time.

For some instances for some particular wheat varieties,

people do, people can tell the difference between them.

We don't know if they like one more than the other,

we don't know how different they are.

All that we know is that often they can tell the difference.

>>> It used to, you know,

if you were going to make a cookie,

they said you have to use pastry flour or

you have to use low protein,

that's the way you do it.

But now bakers are like,

"You don't have to do it that way."

If I use a high-protein flour,

"my cookie turns out crisper"

or has a different mouth feel.

So I see a lot of bakeries kind of bending the rules

and going nontraditional routes of flours that they

use to get different tastes and different textures.

>>> It just begs so many other questions,

"Why do they taste different?"

How do they taste different?

"Do they taste so different that it matters?"

“Do people really like one more than another?”

And you know Oklahoma is a leader,

and we are very good at it.

OSU produces really good strains of wheat,

and so what this means is that it opens up a lot of

opportunities for us.

If we can differentiate a wheat,

not just by its milling properties,

not just by its growing properties,

but in its flavor profiles,

that just opens up more opportunities for

Oklahoma producers.

(lively guitar music)

 

Preparing for plant dormancy ahead for wildfire season

>>> Well this wet summer means we have a lot of green grass

growing across the state, so,

"John, what does this abundance of fuel mean for wildfire?"

>>> Well you know we are set up where if things get really dry

this winter,

we could have some really good wildfires,

good, in not the sense that they are going to be

good impact on the land,

but they could get large and could get big real quick.

Just because this summer has been really wet,

we've grown a lot of fuel,

you can see that where we're standing at right here.

This was actually burned in June.

Again, better than average rainfall on most of the state,

so we've had really good production

in stuff that's going on,

and so being green,

there hadn't been a lot of fires,

that that shouldn't put it off.

We should still think and we should still every year we need

to think about what do we need to do to manage in case

we do get into those situations where we've got a wildfire.

Because you know, when a wildfire is knocking at your door,

is not the time that you need to be out there trying

to figure out what do I need to do to protect my property.

The time is now,

you know, even in the good years, the time is now.

>>> Last year, around this time,

we didn't have you know, a really wet summer

like we did this year,

but we did have a really wet August

and there was a lot of green growth

that was happening and then going into the winter,

but we also had a really wet winter,

so how does that impact wildfire season?

>>> Well, again, I think as we could saw it,

see it last year,

moisture during the dormant season

is a big thing that reduces the number of wildfires

that we have, also the severity

and intensity of those wildfires

because you know,

just a little bit of moisture during

that dormant season helps suppress that down,

or keep it down,

again, it doesn't totally do away with them,

we still have wildfires,

but they, you didn't have the big ones

that we hear about during those dry droughty conditions.

>>> And it's not just managing,

you know the growth just around landowners property,

it's, you know, managing things, you know,

actually at their homes as well right?

>>> Yeah, it's not only just thinking about,

"Well, I need to mow the grass,"

just to keep the grass down."

Just things like thinking about again,

we don't want to stack firewood, you know,

it's going to be getting time,

you know, where it's still hot and everything

but that's the farthest thing from people's minds,

but getting ready for firewood season and stuff,

people with fireplaces, wood burner stoves,

don't stack that stuff right next to the house,

stack it away from the house

so in case something does happen, you know,

and again, keeping stuff mowed down around those areas,

grazed down, it's always important to do that.

Also, think about just where you're parking equipment,

think like that, if you got areas that are gravel paths,

or bare grounds or areas that it won't do that,

go ahead and just take the time to move everything over,

get it over in areas where you don't have a lot of fuel

so that way if something does happen,

you're not worried about fire coming through there

and damaging a lot of high-dollar equipment

that you have sitting around.

And again, we probably had some really good hay production

this year due to the moisture

so there's probably an excess in some areas with hay

and stuff, and again, the idea is,

it's, you know, it's a whole lot easier

to stack it in one spot

and then do that, but think about spreading it out

because we've got to remember a lot of times,

insurance companies will only insure for a certain value

for that hay lot, for that hay storage area,

so it's best to always put hay in different areas,

spread that around, make it easier to do that,

you know, kind of the old thing,

don't put all your eggs in one basket.

(upbeat country music) –

>>> All right, thanks John.

If you have any more questions

about the upcoming fire season,

go to our website, sunup.okstate.edu.

 

Market Monitor

>>> Had a little rally in the week prices

and Kim, that's a little bit of good news,

but is there better news in the fact

that maybe we've met the bottom?

>>> I think we've bottomed out,

you know, those downtrends started in late July,

early August, in both corn, wheat and soybeans.

You look at corn, it's rallied about 40 cents,

since the first of September,

beans is up about the same 40, wheat's up 30 cents.

So, yeah, I think for wheat,

we've broke that short run downtrend.

And, I think for most of the crops,

maybe not for soybeans,

just have to see how that harvest comes in,

but I believe we've pretty much hit the bottom

on that level.

>>> How much did the latest WASDE play

into reaching the bottom of those?

>>> Well, if you look at the latest WASDE,

I think the market's getting a little more comfortable

with what corn production is gonna be.

And, so I think that's already in the market

to corn harvested going up,

the wheat harvest moved up into northern US, Canada,

so we're about 85% done around the world and so,

I think we have better information now

on our supply and it's just a matter of demand.

>>> With all of that better information on supply

and the potential for demand,

is that gonna cause the price of wheat to rise a little bit?

>>> Well, we'll just have to see,

you remember that the Back Sea area,

it controls the price for wheat, that crops,

the Ukraine's done, Kazakhstan done,

Russia's probably 80% done,

and only spring wheat coming,

so we pretty much we know the Black Sea stocks

are gonna be tight,

they're projected to export, have very tight,

their stocks to use ratio down around 9%,

so as we come into next spring,

you know, we go into winter, next spring,

Russia and Black Sea area's are gonna have exported,

they don't have any room to spare there and so,

if anything happens in the market,

then we're gonna have higher prices.

>>> So, globally, there's still a little bit of potential

for some upswing there, and that's good news.

>>> Well, if you look at what's going on in the global market,

you've got dry conditions in Argentina,

if it doesn't rain pretty quick there,

there're gonna have lower production,

Australia has been dry all year

with a below average crop coming in,

they lowered the Australian production

this last WASDE report.

So, you got dry conditions there

and you got tight stocks in the Black Sea

so, there's some potential there as we look

and come into the 2020 crop for higher prices,

all we gotta do is lose a little production

and we're gonna have higher prices.

>>> So, let's look into the Kim Anderson patented crystal ball

for wheat prices,

where are we looking whenever we get to December 2019

and then say June of 2020?

Well, unless we have some surprises,

and, I don't think we're gonna see anything out

of the Black Sea,

I don't think we're gonna see anything out of Canada,

or U.S.

That's all that's room.

If we don't see any surprises in Argentina

or Australia, I think we're gonna have higher prices

as we go into December, possible even up to four dollars.

As you look out into 2020,

if you've got 12.5, 12.6 protein, 60 pound test-weight,

I think you're gonna have near five dollar wheat price.

>>> What's your overall strategy for the Oklahoma producer

that's planting their wheat,

kind of like the research wheat back here, behind us?

>>> Just make sure you produce a quality product.

The key to your price is gonna be that protein.

If you have ordinary wheat that's below 11% protein,

you're gonna be looking at below four dollars

for a wheat price.

But, if you've got 12-6 or better,

right now there's a 67 cent protein-premium

for 12-6 wheat.

You add 67 cents to four dollars, you got 4.67.

You're already near that five dollars.

Produce a quality product.

>>> Okay, thank you very much.

Kim Anderson Grain Marketing Specialist,

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Those ranchers that have fall calving herds

maybe developing a few replacement heifers

to be bred later on this fall.

As we go through the fall with those young heifers,

couple things I think we want to keep in mind.

Number one; we'll want them big enough

and in good enough body condition at the start of

the breeding season, where we have a high-percentage

of them cycling, so we can get them bred early

in that breeding season.

And, that means to me that we needed to have all

of those heifers weighing at least 60%

of their mature weight.

And, if we do the math, of these eventually,

are going to be 1200 pound cows when they're fully grown.

That means these replacement heifers need

to weigh about 720.

All of them do, going into the start of the breeding season.

Now, I realize that a lot of the smaller ranches don't

have scales available to check the weights of

the heifers as they go through the fall.

But, they can take a good look at the heifers

to makes sure that they're in a good body condition

as they come out of this summer with good, lush grass.

And, make sure that those heifers going into

that breeding season are in

that body condition score of a six

in our one through nine scale.

That means that that heifer is going to be smooth

to look at, she's going to be blooming, in ranchers terms.

As we get into that time of the year,

say late November, early December when

the breeding season begins.

So, making sure those heifers are on track nutritionally

to be in that body condition, score six at

the start of the breeding season is a real key.

The other thing that I would suggest to you,

is that you visit with your local veterinarian

about which immunizations you want to give

these replacement heifers before the start of

the breeding season.

Certainly, most replacements need vaccinations

for BVD and IBR, the two respiratory diseases

that are so important in terms of reproduction

of beef cattle.

Visit with you veterinarian about which form

of those vaccinations,

and when they need to be given before the start of

the breeding season.

A couple other things you may want to visit

that veterinarian about are

the reproductive diseases; lepto and campylobacter,

sometimes called vibriosis.

And, ask about the situation in your area,

about the need for vaccination

for those two diseases before those heifers go into

that upcoming breeding season.

Make sure they're in good body condition,

that body condition score of six at

the start of the breeding season,

and they're properly immunized,

and I think you'll have a more successful breeding season

and a better outcome in terms of adult cows

as we go ahead and grow them out over

the next year or so.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(upbeat music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Well, it's that time of year when we start

to take a look at the broader picture of

the cattle markets.

So, Derrell, let's start with boxed beef.

>>> Boxed beef, you know, we've been through a lot

of dynamics in the last five weeks, or so,

since that Tyson plant burned in Kansas.

Boxed beef markets went through a tremendous,

you know, bubble of reallocating limited supplies,

and so on.

But, that's all through the system, now.

In the last few days these prices are back

to where they were before.

We're seeing the normal seasonal things.

We're kind of past the bulk of grilling season so,

the middle meats are actually

a little bit lower, seasonally,

compared to where they were back in the summer,

that's typical.

And, the end meats start to take on, you know,

the chucks and the rounds, we get into more,

you know, roast, you know, crock-pot kind of season.

And, we see those markets pick up just a little bit.

>>> You mentioned the fire at the packing plant,

are fed cattle markets seeing any impact at all?

>>> They are still seeing, in fact, that's probably

the biggest place we're still seeing impacts.

That fire, you know, took down enough capacity

in the industry, that we're operating

very near full capacity.

So, there's a lot of contortion still going on

in the fed cattle market, some of these cattle are having

to be shipped several hundred miles extra,

to get em' to some place to get em' slaughtered, and so on.

So, you know, we've seen some weakness

in those fed cattle prices,

we've been maintaining slaughter rates,

which is good, we're not getting backed up,

but it's not easy.

And so, there's still some struggles there,

it's gonna be a few more weeks before we work through that,

and there is one risk going forward, and that is that,

you know, we're really pushing labor in the remaining

industry pretty hard, with a lot of large Saturday kills,

those kinda things, to make up for the lost capacity.

That may not be possible to maintain

or sustain that for many weeks.

So, we could still see some lingering issues here

as we go forward in the next few weeks.

>>> How 'bout feeder cattle?

>>> Feeder cattle markets, of course,

are really looking at a number of things,

they were initially shocked by the fire.

I think most of that's really out of those markets,

but feeder markets have been kinda on the defensive,

you know, they're watching feed markets,

we still have some uncertainty about the corn crop,

the market in general is just pretty nervous right now.

Futures have been fairly weak.

So, you know, we're kinda on the defensive.

The lighter weight stocker cattle, have been,

the calves really, have been quite weak here

the last two or three weeks,

in the post-labor day period.

I think some of that's gonna come back,

you know, we're probably gonna see some stocker demand

here as we go forward in the fall,

that oughta help stabilize those markets.

And then, of course by October, we'll be running

into large seasonal supplies of feeder cattle.

>>> You know, it's pretty much fall right now, but you know,

it doesn't really feel like it, it's still pretty hot.

So, what's the situation with, you know,

or, you know, what are cattle on wheat producers

looking at for, you know, just wheat in general?

>>> Well, you know, I've been traveling a little bit

in the central part of the state,

and from the standpoint of wheat pasture conditions,

getting wheat pasture established, it looks pretty good.

There's a lot of wheat that's already planted,

or being planted.

There's a lot of ground that's getting ready

for planting right away.

A lot of anhydrous ammonia being applied

in parts of the state.

So, I think the conditions are there,

and again, as soon as that wheat gets planted,

and it looks like it's comin' up,

then those guys are gonna be lookin' for stocker cattle.

So, I think we'll,

you know, again, we'll see some more interest

in those lighter weight calves as we get in here

to the next, you know, three weeks or a month.

>>> All right, thanks Darrell.

Darrell Peel, Livestock Marketing Specialist,

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Vet Script

>>> Recently I was looking at some goats, and noticed that

we were having some sore mouth issues with them.

You can hear sore mouth referred to as contagious,

ecthyma, or orf, or if you're down in Australia,

they'll call it scabby mouth.

It's a parapoxvirus that causes it.

It typically infects young animals,

all though old animals can be infected

if they've never been exposed to the virus.

Typically it takes four days to two weeks for animals

to show clinical signs once they've been infected.

The animals pick the virus up,

most likely through contact with the virus

in the environment, it penetrates the mouth

through abrasions and sores, and then they get sick.

Typically what you're gonna see, is blisters or vesicles

on around the mouth, the lips, maybe around the nostrils,

and occasionally around the feet, you'll see these lesions.

There's no treatment for this disease,

specifically, 'cause it is a virus,

it's gonna have to run its course,

usually one week, upwards to four weeks,

before you'll get these animals healed.

We may do things to soften those crust ups,

with some types of ointments, or something of that nature.

We may give em' an antibiotic,

just for secondary bacteria and lesions.

But typically treatment doesn't speed up

the process of healing.

Preventing the disease, if you don't have the disease,

be very careful about any animals you introduce

to the herd, because they could bring it in.

You sure wanna make sure you know

where those animals are coming from.

We need to keep in mind this is zoonotic disease,

so people can be infected with this virus and get lesions,

so always be careful when you're dealing with animals

that have this virus, wear gloves,

be sure and wash your hands frequently

after having contact with these animals.

If you would like some more information about sore mouth,

just go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime

on our website sunup.okstate.edu.

And also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone,

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(upbeat music)

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