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Transcript for August 3, 2019

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Vet Scrips
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Facilitation Program Information
  • Saving Time While Scouting for Sugarcane Aphids
  • Market Monitor
  • Cow-Calf Corner 
  • Livestock Marketing

 

Vet Scrips

(happy music)

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

A sporadic livestock disease that's been

in neighboring states has now made its way

to Oklahoma.

It's not been reported here since the 1990s.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair learns more today

from our extension veterinarian, Dr. Barry Whitworth.

>>> Dr. Rod Hall alerted all the veterinarians

and everybody in the state that there has been a case

of vesicular stomatitis virus found in Tillman County

down in the southwestern Oklahoma.

There's been an outbreak in the United States,

it began in June, around the 21st in Texas.

Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming

have all got cases of vesicular stomatitis virus.

Primarily in horses, but there has been one

herd of cattle infected in Colorado.

This is the first outbreak we've had since 2015.

That was the last one in the United States.

>>> And this is actually the first case

that they've found in Oklahoma since like the 1990s, right?

>>> That's right.

We haven't had a case since some time in the 1990s,

we've been pretty lucky not to have had any

although there's been other outbreaks

throughout the years, sporadically in nature

in the United States.

>>> So what exactly is vesicular stomatitis?

>>> Well, it is a virus that infects,

as I said, primarily horses and cattle,

but it can infect other animals

such as sheep, goat, alpacas, llamas, deer,

or animals in the deer family.

Usually what we're gonna see is

an animal's gonna get a fever if you're really observant,

but probably the first thing owners would see

would be drooling.

And then they're gonna start to see

that there's some types of either blisters

or ulcers around the mouth, tongue, gums,

you may see it in the ears, legs,

coronary bands of the horses hooves,

and occasionally on the genitalia

and on the mammary glands as well.

>>> So how exactly does this virus spread?

>>> We're not exactly sure.

We think that as far as insects play a role in it

and then, as far as once it's in animals,

it'll spread from animal to animal

as they come in contact with that saliva

or those vesicles where that virus is.

It can spread to just about any of our food animals,

which is concerning for us.

It's one of the reasons that we get all upset

about this vesicular stomatitis virus

because if we see it in our food animals,

we can't differentiate this from

a lot of our foreign animal diseases

like foot and mouth disease or slime vesicular disease.

The only way we can tell the difference

is through testing, laboratory testing

so that's why the state and federal authorities

get concerned when they start to see this disease

in our animals.

>>> And when it comes to treatment,

what are some things if a producer

does come across an animal that's sick,

what are some things, measures they can take

to help treat this?

>>> Well, unfortunately, it's a virus

and we don't have any anti-viral drugs

for this particular virus.

So it's gonna run its course.

Usually, 10 to 14 days.

During that time, though, these animals

are in a lot of pain, usually.

So they're reluctant to eat or drink,

so we wanna make sure that we soften up their food

that they're gonna eat, whether that be grain

or hay or whatever, we want it to be soft,

we wanna make sure they get plenty of water.

We want them to rest.

Veterinarians are probably gonna prescribe

some type of pain killer to ease their pain.

And the other thing we might do,

if we worry about secondary bacterial infections,

we may give these animals some antibiotics.

>>> When it comes to prevention,

is there any prevention methods

that producers can use as well?

>>> Unfortunately, there's no vaccine for the disease.

So our prevention revolves around biosecurity.

Being careful if we purchase a new animal,

about introducing that into herd,

we want it to be isolated for probably 30 days,

make sure it doesn't have any signs of illness.

We wanna be sure if we get an animal sick in our herds,

that we get that animal out, isolate it

from the rest of the herd,

hopefully preventing spread of the disease.

You really wanna be careful if you've got several horses,

try to feed them and water them

in individual buckets so that we don't spread,

if you get one of them sick, you're not gonna spread it

from one animal to the next.

>>> And controlling insects,

that seems to be a part of this disease.

We wanted to do everything we can to control those insects.

In horses you may think about putting them up at you know,

keeping them up at times when

we know these biting insects are out,

which is usually around dawn and dusk.

If we could keep them in their stalls,

especially if we got screens on that barn

so that no insects can get in there that may help us

prevent this disease from spreading or getting

into your herd in the first place.

>>> All right, thanks Barry.

If you would like some more information on

vesicular stomatitis go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, Wes Lee with your weekly Mesonet weather report.

July is normally not one of wetter months

but this year has been exceptionally dry.

This past week rains were scarce again with only two sites,

Tallulah and Wilburton being able to top one inch

on this five day rainfall map.

The driest parts of the states pretty much

missed out on all of the rain.

This map from July 30th shows just how long it has been

since a decent quarter inch rain was recorded.

At Medford and Lahoma it has been 44 days

but most of South Central Oklahoma is not far behind.

As expected the soil moisture is representative

of where this rain has fallen lately.

This map of 16 inch percent plant available water

is dominated by the red colors.

In Cherokee the soil moisture is down to five percent.

This means that the particular soil type at that

site is only holding five percent of

its maximum water holding capacity.

Fire danger has not been much of an issue this year

but that is quickly changing.

This map shows the burning index for

the state on Wednesday afternoon.

Much of North Central Oklahoma is now

reaching the high danger category.

The burning index is a measurement of

how intense a fire would be if it broke out.

Now here's Gary talking more about

the flash drought gripping the state.

>>> Thanks Wes and good morning everyone.

Well the threat of more dry weather remains a concern

as we now have a flash drought that is occurring

across the South Western quarter of the state.

We will continue to see that drought intensify

unless we get significant rainfall.

Let's get straight to the new

drought monitor map to see what we have.

Now you can see those areas of moderate drought

now down in South Western Oklahoma with

the surrounding abnormally dry areas.

And so if we don't get significant rainfall

anytime soon we will see that drought continue to spread.

Now the month of July didn't do us an favors.

Three to five inches across Eastern Oklahoma

kept that area from becoming too dry

but generally less than an inch

across most of Central Oklahoma as you can see

on this Oklahoma Mesonet rainfall map for July.

Now the July percent of normal rainfall map

from the Mesonet shows that the month

was the 29th on record with a statewide average

of 1.63 inches, about 1.25 inches below normal.

Now these deficits now are starting to extend

out to the 60 day period as we can see on the

60 day rainfall map from the Mesonet.

Much of that Western half of the state has

less than five inches of rainfall.

There are some areas that have

a little bit more than others.

However, when we look at the rainfall on the percent

of normal map on that same time period

we can see lots of those bad colors,

the yellows, oranges and the darker reds.

Those are the deficits that are continuing to grow

as we extend out in the time.

Centered on the Comanche and Kiowa county areas

where they have less than 40 percent in general

right across that region of the state.

So as usual when we have a developing

drought situation the fix is pretty easy.

We just need some really good rains to come in.

I know that's strange to say so quickly after

those good rains of the spring and early summer,

however, we are in a flash drought situation

and that's all that's going to cure it.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Market Facilitation Program Information

>>> We're joined now by Larry Sanders,

our Extension Ag Economist to talk about

the market facilitation program which started this week.

Larry, let's just start with

some background about the program.

>>> Well this is market facilitation

program or MFP as it's commonly called.

You know, we had one of these a year ago,

this is gonna be the 2.0 version.

MFP is generally an income replacement program partially to

counter what China has been doing in the trade wars.

They're going to establish single payment rates by county

and this will again be based on what they're calling

these unjustified trade retaliation rates.

And so because of what a county is known for growing

you're going to see this single payment rate vary by county

anywhere from 15 dollars in one county, 15 dollars per acre,

to 150 dollars in another county.

>>> And you might see that rate vary

in counties that are adjacent to each other,

very widely,

and then you will total up your acreage

that you have.

It won't matter what you're growing,

or even whether you planted for this year,

and you multiply those total acres

times that payment rate,

and if you're confused about how much

you are actually qualified for,

Farm Service Agency will be able to help

with the details on that.

Producers need to go in and sign up with FSA

between July, 29th and December, 6th.

The per acre rates can not exceed what they planted in 2018,

and the will look at how many acres

they have eligible for 2019.

So, whether they planted a 1000 acres

of wheat or 1000 acres of cotton

or whether they have eligible 1000 acres of alfalfa hay

or perhaps a 1000 acres of soybeans,

500 acres of hay,

they'll tally those up,

if they're eligible,

and they'll multiply that times that single payment rate.

>>> It sounds like quite a formula.

How do producers know they're eligible,

and when do payments start?

>>> Well, they'll look at their plantings

and prevented plantings

and they can't exceed what they had in 2018.

There's basically going to be three tranches.

In other words, three payments that may be made.

Payment one will be the higher of

50% of their eligible,

or the 15 dollars per acre,

whichever is higher,

and that will come in mid to late August.

Then, if the market and the trade

relations have gone against them,

they may get a payment in November,

and possibly even a payment in January.

So, it's possible they'll get three payments.

>>> A lot of what ifs there.

How do producers determine whether they're eligible or not?

There's a lot to it sounds like.

>>> Sure, typically a producer or legal entity

is not eligible for more that $250,000.

That may sound like a lot,

but some of the larger producers

may hit that cap fairly quickly.

They'll be some limitations on adjusted gross income,

that they'll want to look at on their tax limitations

that farm service agency will want to look at.

There's a cap of $900,000 and that,

or 75% of what they earn from farming or ranching.

They'll want to take those things into consideration

as they go to the farm service agency

and look at their records there.

If they want to look at their options

for production or economics,

they can go to their county extension office.

>>> So, that's the best bet,

to work with FSA and the county extension office?

>>> For sign-up information or actually signing up,

go to FSA.

For information options, go to the county extension office.

>>> Okay. Thanks a lot for the information Larry.

We'll see you again soon.

(folk music playing)

 

Saving Time While Scouting for Sugarcane Aphids

>>> It's that time of year that sugar cane

aphids are starting to move through,

and Tom, we're already actually starting

to see that here, aren't we?

>>> That's right. Southwestern Oklahoma,

I've already seen populations of sugarcane aphid

and sorghum that needed to be treated,

or in some cases, the field had already.

It's really important to let producers know

that the have to be diligent

and scouting their fields and watching,

so that they don't get caught by surprise.

>>> Well, the good news is that there's a new chemical

out that's proven to be pretty effective

in controlling aphids.

>>> That's right.

One of the products that we have actually

been asking for a section 18 emergency use permit,

the active ingredient is Sulfoxaflor,

has received a full federal label now.

It is going to be available.

I won't have to write a letter in support

of it every year.

It's now fully available to producers in Oklahoma,

from now, into the future.

>>> In regards to scouting,

you actually have some research that was

done here at Oklahoma State that you're actually

using now that can make scouting

a little more time effective.

>>> Yeah, well it wasn't time effective for my

graduate student cause she had to collect a lot of data,

but we developed a sampling plan that we believe,

once we get it out to farmers and get them using it,

can save them a lot of time.

A few fields that I've sampled already,

I was able to make a decision in those

fields in six minutes.

>>> Versus having to take 29 minutes to go through

and sample every plant that

some of the sampling plans require.

>>> So what exactly is this scouting method?

>>> Basically what it is,

is we examine two leaves on three consecutive plants

and we keep track of every plant that has 50

or more aphids on their two leaves.

That can then translate to whether there's enough

pressure out there to have to treat or not.

In the case that I've checked a couple of times already,

we were able to make that decision after examining only

twelve plants instead of the 48 that we

typically have said that you need to do in the past.

>>> Which saves a lot of time. 

>>> Saves a lot of time.

>>> Right, well thanks Tom.

If you'd like some more information on scouting for aphids

or just aphids in general,

go to our website sunup.okstate.edu

 

Market Monitor

>>> Analysts all over the world are seeing a

lower than predicted wheat crop in Russia.

Kim, shouldn't that help Oklahoma wheat prices?

>>> You think lower production in Russia,

and we've said lower production in Russia

would help Oklahoma prices and they may be

but I think the problem that we've got

is we're averaging about 11.3 percent protein in Oklahoma.

The Russia, Ukraine, the other part of the world

that's providing 12.5 protein export minimum

on the contracts or twelve percent protein,

we just can't make the export market and

that's having an impact on our prices.

>>> Do you think Oklahoma wheat prices

will recover from all this?

>>> I'm pessimistic right now

and that may be the only good news we got now

but you look at what's going on,

I just don't think prices are going to go up very much.

I think we'll get a small rally but not much.

>>> So why won't we see an upturn in prices?

>>> Well I think it goes back to why are prices going down?

You look at, you know, lower production in Russia,

hey we'd expect prices to go up

but if you look at what's going on around the world,

the other countries are making up

for that Russian production.

You look at Argentina,

their production is supposed to be up three percent

this year, above average crop.

Australia up 21 percent,

now they've had three poor crops in a row

and this is another below average crop.

Canada 1.2 billion bushels, five percent above last year.

Kazakhstan 514, almost the same as last year.

Russia 2.7 billion, four percent above last year

but below our expectations,

you know we weren't talking about two eight,

two eight five something like that.

Ukraine up sixteen percent, over a billion bushels.

Record crop, right just above their average though.

Ukraine's been very consistent on producing an

upper nine-hundred million crop.

The US, our hard spring and our hard red winter,

up eight percent.

So what we got around the world are hard wheat exporters,

their productions up seven percent.

That's why our prices are low.

>>> We still have a lot of wheat in the bins across the state,

across the country, should Oklahoma producers start

pulling trigger on that wheat?

>>> Well I hate pulled trigger on four dollar and twenty cent

wheat but if you'll look at the last eleven years,

nine of those eleven years

you needed that wheat sold by August 31.

On ten of the eleven you wanted September 30,

have it sold by ten.

Only one and that was in 2010,

and that's when Ukraine and Russia both lost their crops

and I don't think we're going to see that so yeah,

I'd be selling some wheat.

>>> Who's going to be buying that lower protein wheat?

>>> Well you look at the lower protein,

it really needs to go into the feed market.

What we won't and what could get us higher prices,

if we lose this corn crop in the United States,

so a short corn crop

and reports are that we're beating some wheat.

That wheat is below the corn prices out in the panhandle

Oklahoma and Texas, and we're moving it in that,

that will support our prices

but right now it's supporting

four dollar and twenty cent wheat, and that's not very good.

>>> Right now a lot of producers across the state

have fields that look like this right here.

They're thinking about the winter crops,

canola hasn't been a strong priced crop,

is wheat going to fall in that same category?

>>> I think so. You look at the wheat prices,

you look at the ten year projections two different studies

have shown they both got the average hard red winter wheat

crops and we're around five dollars a bushel.

So if you can't race wheat for five dollars,

you probably should look at alternate crops.

Also if you're going to race wheat,

you've got to have protein.

Now I know weather has a lot to do with that

but so do practices and if you can't produce twelve percent

protein wheat for five dollars a bushel,

then you've got to start looking for alternatives.

>>> Okay thank you very much Kim Anderson,

Grain Marketing Specialist here at

Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat county tune)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Now that we've entered the month of August,

we're just really a few weeks,

if not just a few days away,

from the start of the fall calving season.

For those herds in Oklahoma that have

bred the cows, or especially replacement heifers,

to start calving around the first of September,

I wanna remind you of some research

done here at Oklahoma State University

uh again published back in the year 2004.

What these folks did in this research trial

was compare the gestation lengths

of cows that were bred to calve

during hot weather in August,

compared to counterparts that were bred to calve

later in the fall; October, November.

All of these cows were

artificial inseminated to the same bull,

so there's no sire difference

involved with the gestation length.

Over a two year study,

what they found was that the cows that calved

in the very warm weather, in August

actually had

a six day

shorter gestation length

than did their counterparts

that calved in October/November the first year.

When they repeated the study the second year,

there was still a significant difference

of four days.

That tells me

that as we get closer into the latter part of August,

we had better start checking those first calf heifers

that we had planned to start at

say the first of September.

Some of those are going to calve

considerably earlier than that

just due to the fact that

they're gestating in warm weather.

We want to start our calving checks

perhaps around the 20th of August,

be ready to help that first heifer

that needs some assistance

in the latter part of the month,

because we know that

the gestation length of these cattle

is going to be considerably shorter

as they have gestated in late August, early September,

just do to perhaps the high temperature

that gestation is taking place.

Keep that in mind as we go through this calving season.

And we look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow Calf Corner.

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Well we're moving in, in the late summer months

where the sun is hot and things are starting to dry out.

So Derrell, how's that impacting pasture conditions?

>>> Well you know, summer took a while to get here this year

it's been

very much summer-like for the last couple three weeks,

and so you know, it's kind of--

it is drying down.

We're starting to see those pasture conditions

change a little bit, but all things considered,

we're in very good shape this year.

A lot of places are still kinda green,

they're drying down quickly.

So we're gonna see some dryness appear

if we look at the Drought Monitor Map coming up.

But again, it's late summer.

It's the time of year we expect to see that.

So all in all we've got very good pasture conditions.

>>> So you mentioned

the cooler summer that we had earlier this year

and all the rain.

How's that impacted hay production?

>>> Well hay's been a little bit more of a challenge.

Because of the cool, wet conditions,

we had a hard time getting up hay.

Some of the hay was late, the grass didn't grow early.

In fact, that affected pasture a little bit

with some kinda washy pastures early on.

But the hay production

is still a point of concern for some producers

as we go through to see where we're at this fall

with both quantity and quality of hay so,

it will be one of the factors we need

to keep an eye on this fall.

>>> So, how are things been going with summer and beef demand?

>>> Well I think the summer conditions we've had

have also probably had some impact on beef demand.

It's generally been a cooler, wetter summer

up until very recently.

Memorial Day was kind of okay from a grilling standpoint.

Labor or uh-- Fourth of July was kind of okay

from a summer grilling demand standpoint.

Not bad, but not stellar as well,

and so we may get one more shot here with

Labor Day weekend coming up.

But all in all, I'd say it's been kind of a moderate year,

something that we're keeping an eye on.

Sort if suggests beef demand's been a little bit flatter

this summer compared to the last couple of years.

>>> You know what, looking at the general overview

with weather conditions, you know drying out,

pasture conditions and  those types of things,

What are some other major factors that cattle producers

are you know kind of looking

looking at right now?

>>> Well of course, you know we're still operating in this

turbulent back drop of all the trade wars

and tariffs and all of that stuff which, you know

could change and cause issues but aside from that

we mentioned hay potentially being a factor this fall.

Other feed markets will also be a fall.

We're still trying to,

We're still trying to figure out exactly

where we stand with corn crops and

and grain conditions as we go into the year.

We'll be watching this coming

this upcoming August crop production report.

You know the African swine fever issue

and China primarily, and the impacts that

that may have on global protein markets. You know

so there's-- there are a variety of factors out there

that we're kinda keeping an eye on as we go into

into the fall.

>>> All right, thanks Darrell.

Darrel Peal, livestock marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime at sunup.okstate.edu

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout. Have a great week everyone

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(upbeat music)

 

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