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Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for April 20, 2019

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Canola Update - Best crop in years?
  • Conservation Stewardship Program deadline
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Preparing for summer weed control
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Pollinators & prescribed burning

 

(up beat guitar music)

Canola Update - Best crop in years?

>>> Good morning and welcome to SUNUP.

I am Dave Deken, and the canola is really

blooming across the state.

And Josh,

it's a beautiful crop. A lot of yellow across Oklahoma.

And it looks like one of the best ones yet.

>>> Yeah, it looks great Dave.

The canola,

while we might have had some rough starts in spots

we talked about how difficult planting was

with the rain and the timing, but

the canola that got in this year looks fantastic.

It looks really good.

>>> So what separates the appearance of this crop

from say some of the previous crops?

>>> Well I mean, the one thing we always say in agriculture

is rain drives everything.

And we've had really nice rainfall patterns this winter.

It seems like when things were starting to dry up

we'd get a nice big state wide rain.

And it think that's what's doing most of it.

However the temperature,

we talked about canola and temperature all the time.

We really just didn't have that 80 degree day

to sub freezing temperatures very often this winter.

We had a nice gradual cooling,

kinda went into dormancy really nice.

Had good growth to it.

Everything just kind of,

everything kind of clicked.

If you were to take a note pad

and you were to put all the right conditions for canola,

I think this year would tick most of those boxes.

>>> Now switching to wheat, another winter crop.

Are we seeing that same kind of optimism

with that crop as well?

>>> Absolutely, I mean the last couple weeks

have done amazing things to both these crops,

wheat and canola.

We're starting to see really thin stands

really get a whole lot a tillers,

whole lot of good looking vegetation to it.

We're starting to see a lot of it

start heading around the state.

So, both our canola and our wheat are in a good spot.

That doesn't mean we need to let our guard down.

Absolutely not. We haven't made the crop yet,

and when we go back to canola,

now's that time to where we start

worrying about our pod feeding insects.

And when we talk about our aphids and things like that,

that have always been known to ...

We get a lot of yield put onto it

and aphids take a lot away.

We do have a couple of other ones.

We have a couple of flower feeding insects,

that we don't have a lot of management we can do for.

But aphids are the big one.

And what product you use is gonna

define when you can use it.

A lot of growers are very familiar with Transform,

because of sugarcane aphids and sorghum.

We have that labeled for canola as well,

but we need every petal to drop off

the plant before we can use that.

That is after petal fall.

So if we get aphids come in really early

we have other options, they're typically more expensive.

And so we have to make sure that

we get a good handle on those.

And if we can wait for those petals to fall

and all that to come in and make that

Transform application we'll be pretty good.

But yeah, other than that

the aphids are really the big thing

and then cross your fingers for good moisture

and cool conditions from here on out through May.

>>> This is kinda that season when it comes

to OSU extension where the producers

get to come to the fields

and learn about the different crops.

There's wheat variety tours going on but then

there's also the canola tours across Northern Oklahoma.

>>> Absolutely. Our canola tours are gonna occur in two days.

We're gonna have it at the 23rd

at the North Central Research Station there in Lahoma.

Got a beautiful crop up there.

It's be great for everybody to come

up and see that's in the area.

That's gonna be at 9 a.m.

Two o'clock that afternoon

we're gonna be up in Grant County, just north of Lamont.

And then the 25th, that following Thursday

we're gonna be on the east side of the state in Miami,

looking at some of the good looking

canola up there in Ottawa County.

So, really good opportunity to come out

and see this great looking canola crop this year.

Check with local extension.

Make sure that you're on those

because it's a great year to come out

and look at the good potential

that both these crops can have

when given the right environmental conditions.

Right Dave?

>>> Exactly. Well thank you very much Josh.

And for more information on those tours

and management options go to our website,

sunup.okstate.edu

(bluegrass music)

 

Conservation Stewardship Program deadline

>>> Well there's been some new information

with the Conservation Stewardship Program

and Larry, tell us what's going on.

>>> Yeah this program I need to stress

right up front the dead line for signing up

is May the 10th of this year.

It has been around for quite a while.

It was originally known as the Conservation Stewardship ...

Excuse me, the Conservation Security Program in 2008.

Changed it to the Conservation Stewardship Program

but it's an opportunity for farmers who are already doing

good environmental practices on their land to do more

and get paid some money to do some of those practices.

>>> And there's been some updates to it as well,

kind of walk us through that.

>>> Sure.

Farmers who are already in it and want to renew

or extend those contracts are now going to have to

compete with other farmers who also want to renew theirs

and farmers who want to get new contracts.

They will be getting dollars instead of

getting based on acreage.

There's a potential for getting paid for covered crops

and being able to get paid for

advanced planning of these.

So there's some of these differences that they're going

to want to examine before they get into it.

They're gonna want to make sure they talk with

an NRCS agent.

>>> For producers who are wanting to get into it,

what are some of the eligibility requirements for them

to get into it?

>>> Sure.

Well, they're going to want to make sure that they've got

a current plan with the farm service agency,

that they're already up to speed on at least two

stewardship plans with resource concerns,

that they're in compliance with

current conservation compliance,

and when they go to talk to their NRCS agent

that they can show that they're complying

with those kinds of issues.

>>> All right, thanks, Larry.

If you would like some more information

on the Conservation Stewardship Program

go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> With the recent blizzards

and floods that have taken place

in the northern plains I think we'll see

in the popular press for several months to come

quite an emphasis on the concept of moving calving

seasons out of the winter months in that

area of the country.

And in their situation that probably

makes a lot of sense.

But I want to mention it for our producers here in Oklahoma

to be careful about that concept.

You see, when they move their calving season from say,

February, March into something like May and June,

that means that the breeding season for those cows

is going to have to be in late summer,

starting probably around the first of August

and into September.

Well that means that if we try to do that,

we're putting the breeding season in absolutely

one of the hottest times of the year.

And we know from research done here at

Oklahoma State University as well as other universities

that we can have an adverse effect on

breeding outcomes by trying to breed

in very, very hot temperatures.

Work done here in the 80's looking at the impact

of heat stress on cows showed that if the cow is

actually heat stressed in say, day eight after she's

bred through a, the following week,

there's a real high likelihood that we may lose that baby

embryo and she then becomes a non pregnant or open cow.

Also, other work that was done even before that

has shown us that heat stress

has a tremendous impact on bull fertility.

And so you have those two things coming together

that if we try to breed in August when the temperatures

may average highs around 100 and the nighttime lows only

about 80 that we'll have quite an impact on the

reproductive performance of those cows

if we move our breeding season that late in the year.

So, as you read these articles,

give some real thought to it as far as

Oklahoma producers are concerned.

There's a reason why we still go ahead and plan

spring breeding season starting around the first of May

trying to be done by the end of June.

Or have a fall calving season where the breeding season

may begin around Thanksgiving and is done sometime in

the first part of January.

Those make more sense for our particular environment.

Sure, there will be some changes made I think

in the upper Midwest,

but let's be careful about making those changes blindly

here in Oklahoma.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you

again next week on Sunup's Cow-Calf Corner.

(light intro music)

 

Preparing for summer weed control

>>> Producers are gonna start thinking about the summer crops

and Todd, with that comes

preparing for the weeds with summer crops too.

>>> Yes, most definitely.

The first thing that a producer will want to do

is make sure that he starts clean,

and that doesn't really matter whether he's in

a no-till situation or a clean till situation,

whether he's using tillage as that tool

or whether he's using herbicides.

He wants to make sure and start with a clean field.

That's the key.

The way I look at it is if you don't

start with a clean field, you kinda start

behind the eight ball, and from that point on,

you're playing catch-up the rest of the year,

and from a weed control standpoint

we never want to be in a situation

where we're in a catch-up.

We always want to be ahead of the problem

and kind of ahead of the game.

>>> Is there a timeframe from

ahead of planting that you really need to have

the field ready to go?

>>> Well, typically what we talk about

is you kinda want a what we call a weed-free,

or a clean period for about 14 days prior to planting,

not just from a weed control standpoint,

but also from a disease and insect management standpoint.

If you have what we call a green bridge

going from weeds to that planting,

in some ways that can allow insects and also disease

to bridge across there, and so you run into some problems

if you're not weed free, but the real key is

you definitely kinda want to break that bridge

so that you don't run into disease and insect problems

early in the season when you plant that crop.

>>> You mentioned the word program there.

You're wanting to build a plan.

Is there anything else, whenever you're

planning out your weed control,

in the pre-emergent area?

>>> There's a couple of things there.

We talk about program approach anymore

for weed control for several reasons.

One, in a lot of the areas, in a lot of fields

that we're dealing with,

we now have resistant weeds.

So there's not just one product that you can pull on

or one herbicide to control those weeds,

so you've gotta think about a program approach for that.

Even if you're not dealing with resistance,

we talk about a program approach

so that you don't have to

deal with resistance down the road.

The worse thing that a producer can do

is have a really effective herbicide

and use that as his only weed control tool

because history has told us we're gonna lose that tool

if you rely on that one thing.

The real key is that you want to be timely.

In most cases we're looking at say,

less than a four-inch weed,

so when you see those weeds starting to emerge,

that's kinda when you need to start your post-program

because you've gotta think,

when I hit my last field I want to make sure

that I'm not dealing with 12 or 14-inch weeds.

I'm still in that four to six-inch range.

You know, I talk to producers,

when you plant that field,

that's the highest

you'll go that you'll have that day.

And anything that you do,

that you've missed that perfect timing.

What you end up doing

is the potentially reducing that yield goal,

and so you're dealing with the lower yield goal

if your not timely

with the convergence out to take.

>>> So when it comes to implementing these,

what kind of mode of action should producers work with?

>>> Well, the biggest key that they want to think about

is two things.

Number one is alternating modes of action,

making sure we're not staying.

You know, say if we're using 2,4-D, and Dicamba.

Say 2,4-D is our burn down program,

and then Dicamba in season.

Well those are the same modes of action,

so we're really not breaking up that chemistry.

We want to throw something in,

say the residual program upfront

that potentially is different from those

on our pre-program.

And then as I mentioned adding a residual

to that post program,

that's also a different mode of action.

So that's the real key.

That other thing producers need

to think about is what there crop was prior to that crop

and what crop they'll be going to in the future.

Both from a residual protection standpoint,

make sure that we don't have something

in that's going to carry over to that next crop,

and cause issues,

and also potentially a different mode of action,

that we're using now,

that we're going to be using in those following crops.

And if we'll use our crop rotation modes of action,

also we can really do some good

as far as battling some of these resistances issues

that we're currently dealing with.

>>> Okay, thank you very much Todd Baughman.

Summer crops weed specialists here

at Oklahoma State University

and for more information on summer crop weeds

visit our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(playful banjo music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Welcome to the Mesonet Weather report.

I'm Wes Lee.

Spring storms usually bring us some

of our heaviest rainfall events of the year.

Unfortunately, they often bring with them

some severe weather.

In the form of high winds, hail, or even tornadoes.

This chart shows the months of the year

when tornadoes are most likely to occur in the U.S.,

highlighted by the spring months of April, May, and June.

This past week, we saw two major storm events in the state.

The first one on Saturday brought significant rain

to the south and east but totally missed

the northwest and Panhandle.

With it came severe winds that reached as high

as 71 miles per hour in Walters.

The second storm on Wednesday brought rains

mainly to the northwest but also across the far southeast,

adding to already wet soils.

Along with the rain came our first tornado event

of the year in Shattuck.

Hail and high winds also impacted many areas

in the northwest region, damaging crops and rooftops.

The seven day rainfall totals from April 18th range

from zero in the Panhandle to as high

as 4.72 inches at Broken Bow.

This brings their year to date rainfall total

to 18.26 inches, or about three and a half inches

above normal for this time of year.

Gary will now tell us more about

Oklahoma's Spring climate conditions.

>>> Thanks Wes, and good morning everyone.

We're gonna try something different for a change

and that's just give all good news.

Let's get straight to new drought monitor map

and start us off right.

And once again, after a couple of months hiatus,

we now have a color-free map on the drought monitor.

That means no abnormally dry conditions

or drought conditions are in place,

and that is certainly great news

as we get into the meat of Spring.

And a quick look at the last 30 days on the Mesonet,

the rainfall, that tells the story.

We see a good two to four,

to even six inches across the state,

and much of that has come in the last half of the month.

If we go to the percent of normal rainfall

that we have expected over the last 30 days,

we're about normal over much of the state,

and that is what has allowed us to get rid

of that drought or at least the abnormally dry conditions

that persisted down in southwestern Oklahoma,

and also that little bit that

had cropped up in southeastern Oklahoma.

Now northern Oklahoma still needs a little bit,

but they still are running on reserves

that they got over the Fall into the Winter months,

so we're in pretty decent shape

as we go into the meat of Spring.

Speaking of the meat of Spring,

let's look at the percent of annual precipitation we get

for three month periods to show

what our rainy season is here in the state.

The first one is for April, May, June.

So if you look at the averages,

and this is from 1895

to 2017, that data for precipitation we see

we get about 35 to 45% of our annual precipitation across

western Oklahoma up into northeastern Oklahoma during

that April through June period,

again that's the meat of Spring here in the state.

Now as we go into May through July,

so we get rid of April and add July,

that's when the precipitation gets more important out in

the Oklahoma Panhandle and the high plains region,

but again, as we look from that April,

really through the July period,

that's when we get the bulk of rainfall

for the state of Oklahoma.

So given that we're entering that really meaty part

of the rainy season,

we don't have any abnormally dry conditions in place,

we should be good.

We'll see how the rest of the Spring goes,

but it's definitely good news,

at least starting from this point.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(guitar strum)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist, joins us now.

Kim, commodity prices are relatively low.

Let's run through some of the numbers, starting with wheat.

>>> Well, you know, looking at wheat, you can forward contract

for harvest to delivery somewhere around $4.25.

Now that May contract's at $4.18.

If you look at the trend for wheat,

the long-run trend is down,

the short-run trend is down to sideways.

If you look at a trading range of the last four years

for the futures market, it's been from $3.70 to $6.

At $4.18, we're right close to the bottom end of that,

and if you look at the commitments of the traders,

they're 54,000 contracts short.

And I think that's good news

with a large short position like that,

when they start getting out of those positions,

maybe they'll bring that price up a little bit.

Also, when you're at the low end of the trading range,

yeah, we could go a little bit lower,

but there's a lot more room on the top

than there is the bottom.

>>> How is corn looking?

>>> About the same as wheat.

You look at your forward contract: $3.45,

trading range of $3.10 to $4.40 over the last four years,

it's at $3.66, so on the bottom half of that range.

The long-run trend is up in corn.

The short-run trend is sideways.

You look at the commitments of the traders in corn,

it's a record 272,000 contracts short.

So if you look at corn

it's probably sitting on the bottom.

I mean 272,000 times 5,000.

That's a lot of corn.

So when they start coming out of those short contracts

I think corn prices will probably come up

and I think it gives corn prices some hope.

>>> And soybeans?

>>> Soybeans about the same situation.

You can forward contract for around $8.10

and July contract around $8.90.

Trading range for the last four years

$8.30 to $12.00.

Again on the low side of that.

The long run trend is flat

and the short run trend is up to sideways

so just not much movement in beans.

Look at the commitment of the traders.

Short 71,000 contract-

The record is 119,000

so we're in the upper end of the shorts.

Again, when they come out of those short positions,

we got a little hope there for beans.

>>> And are we seeing similar trends with cotton?

>>> Cotton's a different situation, you know.

On that ice contract, that July's around 78 cents.

You can forward contract cotton somewhere 73, 74 cents

if you're looking at what the future market's telling ya.

The four year range for cotton prices 56 to 96 cents

so we're at least half way in between that at 78 cent.

Long run trend is up.

Short run trend is down to sideways

and the commitment of traders in a positive.

In other words they're long about 73,000 contracts.

So cotton's looking relatively good.

That is until producers plant a whole lot of cotton

and drive their prices down.

But you look at that planted acreage report,

there's some more cotton acres

but I think it's good to protect prices relatively well.

>>> Well spring is flying by

and of course there's a lot of people thinking about

summer planting.

How are the economics looking there?

>>> Well as we talked about corn prices relatively low.

Soybean prices relatively low.

Canola prices relatively low.

Canola's of course a winter crop there.

But the economics as it stands doesn't look very good

unless you can get good production

and as reported on the weather.

You look at the 90 day outlook.

It's for average temperatures and above average moisture.

So if we can get production, I think there's some

possibility there maybe for some profit

because that increased yield will off set that lower price

and maybe generate a little profit.

>>> Might be just what we need.

>>> Might be what we need.

>>> Okay.

Thanks a lot, Ken.

We'll see you next week.

(Music)

 

Pollinators & prescribe burning

>>> I think it's safe to say that spring is finally here

and with that comes all the insects that help pollinate

the plants that make Oklahoma so beautiful.

Did you know that managing your land with prescribed fire

can actually attract those insects?

>>> So we normally think about prescribed fire

being beneficial as forage for livestock

and cattle in particular,

but there's also a lot of benefits for pollinators.

So we're here at the Stillwater Research Range

and we're standing in a plot that was burned

a few weeks ago in mid-March.

I mean you can see the vegetation's recovered pretty quickly

and we've got some flowers coming back

so a lot of the forbes or the wildflowers will bloom

following a prescribed fire.

It also opens up the vegetation some,

for example, ground nesting bees.

So if we think of native bees, about 70 percent

are going to be ground nesters

and so they need some bare ground to be able to nest in.

So this would provide a good nesting habitat

for them as well.

So there has been a lot of concern about pollinators

in recent years.

So there's been documented declines in a lot of native bees

and kind of the native bee community in general.

There's concerns about honey bees

with colony collapse disorder,

and then also concerns about other pollinators.

For example, monarch butterflies are currently being

considered for listing under the Endangered Species act.

And so if we think about resources for pollinators

and in particular where we are here

in the southern Great Plains,

grasslands a lot of the habitats that we're thinking about

and so any type of management activity that's going to

promote the forbe or wildflower community

and to prescribe fire would have great benefits

for pollinators in terms of promoting those wildflowers.

And so if we think about butterflies for example,

they'll need host plants that they will lay their eggs on

so that the caterpillars consume.

And so prescribe fire has that benefit of promoting

host plants and then also nectar sources.

And then if we think about native bees,

they're also gonna need pollen as well nest sites.

And so a prescribed fire will provide all of those things

that we need for pollinators at different stages

in their life cycle.

So patch burning seems to work best.

At the Stillwater Research Range,

that's on a three year interval,

and that timing works well for promoting resources

for pollinators.

If you burn too frequently,

you might be removing some of those forbes

(mumbling) every few years..

I mean if we think about prescribed fire

improving forage quality, we can think about that from

the host plant perspective for butterflies, too.

That's one thing we're interested in looking at more

is kind of the tissue quality of those host plants.

So it might have some of the same benefits for

those caterpillars as it does for cattle.

So I think overall, in terms of providing

a high quality grassland habit,

a prescribed fire, which would have occurred historically,

has a lot of benefits

and it's one of the easiest ways to deal with,

for example, brush encroachment.

So if you have a lot of cedar encroachment,

and establishment of cedars,

you're losing a lot of your grassland habitat,

so this is one of the more cost effective ways

to deal with some of that brush encroachment

and have the added benefit of promoting the forbe

or the wildflower community.

(Music)

 

>>> Well that does it for us this week on SUNUP.

If there's something on the show

that you'd like to learn more about,

visit our website sunup.okstate.edu

and while you're there, check out our social media.

From the plant pathology farm

on the Oklahoma State University campus,

I'm Dave Deken.

We'll see you next time.

Remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(music)

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