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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for January 12, 2019

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Cotton Update
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Choosing the right hay feeder
  • Rotating hay locations for cattle
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Food Whys

 

(upbeat country music)

 

Cotton Update

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP, I'm Lyndall Stout.

We spend a lot of time on our show of course talking

about wheat, but today we want to spend a few minutes

talking about Oklahoma's cotton crop.

Which in 2018 was one of the largest on record.

Here's our extension cotton specialist, Seth Byrd.

>>> Yeah so we had a lot of new growers,

and a lot of folks that got really excited

about cotton coming up in 2017 season.

We discussed it quite a few times about our hot dry start.

A lot of rough decisions early on to replant our keep stains

but overall I think most of our cottons

got through that early part okay,

and we caught rains in the middle of the year.

Probably more rain than we needed near the end of the year,

and so specifically for harvest we had a,

we had some tough times getting really good leaf drop.

Really good activity from our defoliants,

and then we had some really intermittent harvest conditions,

where you could maybe get in the field for a few hours a day

but we didn't really see those big

sort of green light periods where you could just

harvest for a long period of time.

So we produced probably less cotton

on more acres than we did in 2017,

but it took a lot longer to get out of

the field cause of those conditions.

So now we've got a lot of the crop has gone through the gin

and we're getting a lot of those classing reports back.

And so from a quality standpoint,

we're seeing fairly good cotton.

It's not the premiums for every category,

like we'd love to see, but we don't see anything

that really is a big red flag or a black mark on our quality

which I think is a good sign, considering we did

have some pretty rough conditions,

getting harvest through and we had a lot

of potential weathering that happened.

So overall, maybe not the 2017 bell ringer year,

but we had a pretty good year overall.

>>> And we'll take it of course,

I know the numbers are still kind of getting finalized,

but any kind of perspective on the number of bales produced?

>>> So, you know the USDA projected I believe back

in September, if I'm remembering all the numbers right.

That we were around 950, I haven't seen

a real good update yet, we've got a lot of cotton

that gets obviously ginned in Kansas,

and a lot of the Kansas gins are a little behind right now,

they had to do a lot of upgrading there.

I think we'll probably be pretty close to those projections.

They kind of did bump up our projected pounds

per acre number which that kind of gives us a pretty

good key into how many bales we're going to produce.

A ballpark if we know how many acres we're going to harvest,

so a lot of estimated numbers, a lot of big numbers

to try to figure out, I think it'll to projections.

>>> Okay, well keep us posted on how well those finalize.

Oklahoma of course is a unique growing state,

Cotton included, what kind of questions are you getting

this time of year from producers.

>>> So producers and the industry folks overall,

would love to know where we're gonna begin 2019.

You know, we saw a big jump from 16 to 17,

we saw another really big jump in 17 to 18,

in terms of acres planted, and so,

we kind of want to know where are we going from here.

And so that's been the big question,

what's the Oklahoma cotton landscape gonna look like in 2019

and I think all signs and all projections

from folks we talked to that are connected with the industry

say that we're going to go up again in acres.

So we can see an increase, I don't know how much

of an increase, I tend to be a little conservative

on my acreage guesses, so I think we'll get

around that 800 thousand mark.

And we were at 760 this year, so a 40 thousand acre increase

which isn't huge but it's still an increase.

And then new variety availability,

and so there's a lot of new traits

that come on the market, we've now got three gene BT traits,

which are insect resistant traits.

We've got multiple three gene packages of herbicide traits.

And availabilities varieties, they're very high demand.

So what we have heard so far is that

our availability for those should be good,

and we have a lot of different growing regions in the state,

and so each of those varieties and trait packages

may fit a different region better than others.

And so we hope that we can address grower needs

with the varieties available across our

multiple growing environments in Oklahoma.

>>> And of course that's one of the challenges

and opportunities of extension,

and you and the team are adapting to that

as you present information to growers around the state.

Talk about the upcoming event, how it's structured,

and what the opportunity is for folks to learn more.

>>> Yeah so, January 16th, we're having our

first attempt at a Oklahoma cotton update.

And so it's gonna be both an in person meeting in Altus,

at our Research and Extension Center there.

Just south of town, I think everybody in that area

know where the farm is down there.

But we're also gonna broadcast it online as a webinar,

so sort of similar to the wheatinars

that have been very successful for that crop,

we're gonna try to maybe ride the coattails

of their idea, and really the whole goal

is to get information out to the statewide audience.

Like I mentioned a minute ago,

we've got a lot of different little

growing regions in Oklahoma, and so just to

kinda bring everybody into the same room

where they'll actually be there in Altus in person

or they can join us online, and so

it's an informal meeting, we don't have any strict agenda,

but we just want to hopefully provide folks

a place to network, and share ideas

and ask questions where maybe the

typical extension meeting, you're more of a local meeting.

This is gonna be hopefully a more statewide audience,

so a little less formal, a little more broad spectrum

of topics we can cover.

>>> So in terms of questions, folks can send those in advance?

>>> Yes, they can email, if they follow us on Twitter,

they can obviously message us on Twitter

as a direct message.

They can, you know, a lot of our owner/producers

probably get the newsletter from

our IPN specialist in Altus, Jerry Goodson,

so they have contact with Jerry.

Any way they want to get it to us,

or the day of, we'd love to have a discussion

and not really a meeting.

And so, day of if they're in the room, ask in person.

If they're online, type it into the little

question box there, and anything we can do to hopefully

spur conversation and answer questions that

a lot of folks probably have is kind of our goal.

>>> Right, some of that shared dialog

of course. 

>>> Right.

>>> Okay, well, keep us posted on that,

and we'll be sure to follow along too.

>>> Okay.

>>> Thanks a lot, Seth, and for more information

on the meeting, the Oklahoma Cotton Update,

go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> We're just a few weeks away from the start of the

spring calving season for those of us here

in the southwest part of the United States.

I think it's a good time to refresh our memories

about what really happens in a

normal parturition or a normal calving.

We know that the process of calving

is basically divided up into three different parts,

or three different stages.

Stage one is occurring before we see really

anything going on with that cow or heifer

because stage one, the biggest event that's happening

is the dilation or the relaxation of the cervix.

Now, scientists think that stage one may last

as short a time as four hours,

it may last as long as about 24 hours,

so there's tremendous variation in how long

stage one actually occurs.

What we will generally see during stage one

is perhaps some behavioral changes in the cow or heifer.

That's in stage one of calving,

where she perhaps will begin to walk the fence,

isolate herself, perhaps a heifer will kick at her belly

as the uterine contractions are beginning.

But again, we may not see much going on

during stage one, but it's important that

the cervix is dilating in that particular period of time,

and I would suggest that you learn to

determine whether the cervix is completely dilated

before you ever try to pull or extract a calf

that needs some assistance.

That's stage one.

Stage two is where all the action seems to take place.

Stage two of calving, we generally define as beginning

when we first have the appearance of the water bag,

those fluids that have been around that fetus

during the previous nine months,

that water bag appears, and stage two ends

when the calf is completely delivered on the ground.

Now the length of stage two is important that we understand.

Research done at Montana, at the USDA station up there,

and here at Oklahoma State University,

several years ago has determined that

stage two will last, if everything goes well,

about one hour, in the case of first calf heifers,

those that have never calved before,

and about half that long, or about 30 minutes

in the case of an adult cow, a cow that has

delivered calves successfully before.

If that stage two goes longer

than that particular period of time,

then chances are there's something wrong

and she needs our assistance.

Let's move onto stage three, then.

Stage three is the cleaning or the release

of the placenta, the afterbirth.

That usually should take place within eight to 12 hours

after the calf has been delivered.

If those placenta, or those membranes,

have not been released after 12 hours,

that's what we call a retained placenta.

And in that situation,

you probably want to watch that cow

very, very carefully for the next few days.

If you see any signs of droopy ears, being lethargic,

chances are there's some kind of infection setting up.

You need to get veterinary help.

Call your local veterinarian for the kinds of

treatment that they will need for that situation.

So those are the three stages of calving

that I think we need to understand.

Stage one, stage two, stage three.

If you'll understand the normals,

then you'll be able to recognize

when those cows or heifers need our assistance.

I would also suggest that you take time to

go to the SUNUP website.

That's sunup.okstate.edu.

We'll have a show link there

where you can download the publication

Calving Time Management for Beef Cows and Heifers.

It's e-1006.

Excellent publication that'll help you a lot

through this calving season.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again

next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Choosing the right hay feeder

>>> We're out here at the Range Cow Research Center

with Dave Lalman.

And Dave, you have a field day going on,

so tell us a little bit about what you have going.

>>> We're just getting ready to get started.

I forgot, actually, gotta,

we think we're gonna have around 135 to 150 people today.

The primary objective is to talk about

ways to minimize hay-feeding waste.

So, just general principle standpoint,

we recognize that for a forage-based operation,

minimizing hay feeding period is probably more profitable

for more operations.

However, with the cost of land these days,

it seems like we have more producers that are feeding hay

and Dr. Peel's data shows very clearly

that with the invention of the round baler,

hay feeding has increased over time.

But another way to look at that is that

it actually may be a reflection of the high cost of land.

So you can just go buy hay

and increase your stocking or your cattle price.

So Curtis, the primary thing we're doing here today

is try to help people think about alternative ways

to feed hay and stop wasting as much of it.

>>> So one of those ways that you're attempting to

reduce the waste is showing producers

the difference in types of hay feeders

in the amount of waste one can cause

and the amount of waste that that doesn't cause.

>>> That's one.

We're going to talk about several techniques,

and there are ways that we think

you can probably reduce the amount of hay required

by close to 30% in a winter

compared to just putting all the hay out.

Cows can eat 24/7, okay?

So yeah, the study we talked about a few weeks ago on SUNUP,

this is an example of it right here.

This is what we call, I call it an Ag shop feeder

because I built several of these when I was in high school,

but it has no solid bottom ring.

It's very, it's economical.

There are some advantages.

It's inexpensive, it's light, it's easy to move,

but these feeders fairly consistently waste

about 21% of the original bay weight.

Hay, excuse me, bale weight.

So you can see all the way.

So once those cows stand on that hay and defecate on it,

urinate on it, they're not gonna eat it.

So it's a tremendous waste.

>>> For this field day, you did a 24 hour demonstration

on the amount of waste each morning can occur.

>>> Yeah, we did.

So we sort of replicated our

research study we did several years ago.

This Sunday afternoon, we put out these,

we cleaned off these concrete paths,

we put a fresh bale in these feeders,

and then 24 hours later we came

and scraped up or raked up all the hay around these feeders

and weighed it on an electronic scale.

This feeder had 100 pounds of hay waste.

The yellow feeder with the solid ring around the bottom

had 50 pounds of hay waste around the outside.

The basket feeder, so that feeder incorporates two things.

One is kind of a modified basket on top

and then a solid ring around the bottom.

The waste around it was six pounds, so dramatic difference.

Just like the research showed several years ago.

>>> All right, thanks, Dave,

and now we're going to hear from

our extension beef cattle specialist Paul Beck

on the benefits of rolling out hay.

 

Rotating hay locations for cattle

>>> So all of us have our favorite hay feeding areas

where it's most convenient to get to

or we can access it in wetter periods,

but if we continue to feed hay in the same place

time after time, year after year,

we can concentrate a lot of nutrients from the hay

and from cattle's manure and urine

into that very small area.

We've done some soil testing

and we can have 10 to 20 times more

phosphorus and potassium and organic matter

in those hay feeding sites than the surrounding field.

There's a considerable amount of nutrients in hay

and it takes a lot of nutrients from a hay meadow

when we bale that hay.

The average bermuda grass bale is about 8% crude protein,

that's 1.3% nitrogen, and it's 1.3% potassium

and about .2% phosphorus.

And that's the equivalent of about 100 pounds

of triple 17 fertilizer per round bale.

And that's about 30 dollars worth of fertilizer

for trying to replace that.

So if we can spread that across a field,

we'd be having a lot of advantages

to our production and can harvest

a lot of nutrients that way.

And that's why we a lot of times

we'll recommend moving our hay feeding site

or unrolling hay across a field throughout the winter.

When we have concentrated hay feeding sites

and especially during calving

it's not as good a hygiene in those areas.

We can have considerable problems

with scours and navel ill on those calves

that are born in those areas

because cows like to calve and then bring those calves

up to that hay feeding site.

So that's when we getting problems,

more problems with scours and naval ill during calving.

If we can spread our hay feeding site,

we're spreading out the manure and we have less problems.

If we roll out hay everyday

at the amount the cows will eat

we can decrease our hay waste from about 50%

as Dr. Lalman was talking about earlier down to about 25%.

If we can do something a little bit extra

as we move those bales,

having a temporary electric fence wire

to keep the cattle off from that hay

we can decrease that even further down to about 15%.

There's as many different ways

to unroll hay as your imagination.

You can put it on a steep hill and roll it down.

You can push it, I've seen people push it

with a four wheelers.

Then we have this new equipment

that's coming into the state as you can see here

we're gonna demonstrate today

where it's unrolled using a tractor

and it does more mixing of the hay as you're unrolling it.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Wesley here with the first Mesonet

weather report for 2019.

One of the biggest complaints of agriculture producers

recently has been how difficult it is to feed cattle

and perform field operations

with the muddy field conditions.

The 2018 total rainfall map

shows the normal expected decline in rainfall

from the east to the west.

Broken Bow had the most with 73 inches

and Kenton the least with just over 15 inches.

With the exception of the southeastern quadrant

the rest of the state was mostly within

five inches of normal for the year.

There is a true weather saying in agriculture

that it is not how much rain you get

but when you get it that really counts.

If we look at the 2018 state-wide rainfall

shown here represented with the red line

and compare it to the long-term average

shown by the blue fill area

we see that the second half of the year

was definitely much wetter than the first half.

Looking at our current shallow soil moisture readings

for percent plant available water

we see that the entire state is shown in green.

A vast majority of the sites

are indicating at or near 100% storage capacity.

Deeper soil moisture sensors show a very similar trend.

I don't see anything in the forecast

that indicates these wet conditions

will get any better anytime soon.

A high probability of rainfall is forecasted

before the end of this week

and next week the precipitation

probability of higher than normal is predicted.

Next up it's Gary with more recent rainfall information

and a great drought situation.

 

>>> Thanks Wes and good morning everyone.

Well I have great news to start out the new year

here on SUNUP on the Mesonet Weather Report.

Often times we're in short supply of that

when dealing with weather in Oklahoma

so let's get straight to the new drought monitor report

and let's celebrate.

As you can see on the drought monitor

we have no yellow or any other color on the state map.

So for the first time since June 14th of 2016

we are completely devoid of either

abnormally dry conditions or drought conditions

and that is indeed something to celebrate.

So what led to our good looking drought map?

Well it's been those wonderful storm systems

we had during December.

If we look at the Oklahoma Mesonet rainfall totals

this is from December 1st, the official beginning

of climatological or meteorological winter,

we do see down in the southeastern parts of the state

more than 10 inches of rain, and that decreases

as we go to the northwest, to less than an inch

in parts of the northwest.

But if we look at that from the Departure from Normal

rainfall map since December 1st,

we see most of the state, once again with a surplus

of at least an inch or two, some areas more,

some areas a little less.

The only deficits we see are up in far northwestern

Oklahoma, Harper, Ellis, Beaver County, that area,

and also the western Oklahoma panhandle.

Now luckily those areas of the state have seen rainfall

prior to that December 1st period that helped them out.

So everybody has gotten a good dose of moisture.

Hopefully it'll stick around a while.

The good news is we are in the depths of winter

so we don't see the moisture demands that we will

in a couple of months as we start to warm up.

So hopefully, we can keep drought at bay

and maybe get a little bit more moisture

and look good for spring.

That's it for this time.

I'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Market Monitor

>>> The holidays are behind us,

some USDA offices have been closed,

we're looking forward to the 2019 wheat crop

and prices haven't really changed.

Kim, a lot to talk about this week.

Let's talk first about the status of some offices

being closed, and kind of what that means for the markets.

>>> Well, the market runs on information,

and the buyers and the sellers, the players in the market,

they use that information to determine if they're gonna

buy or sell, and that drives prices.

The USDA has the best information available to the market.

Now, of course there's pre-release estimates

and the market guess, different analysts guess

what they will be,

but they guess what USDA's numbers' gonna be.

And without those numbers the market's not as efficient

as it would be if those offices were open

and the USDA was releasing the numbers.

>>> When we talk about kind of current crops,

what's the latest that you're hearing on planted acres?

>>> Well, one of the reports that were to be released

this week was the seeded acres,

winter wheat seeded acres reports.

The pre-release estimate came out,

like Reuters does a survey of market analysts.

They came out with an estimate for all winter wheat

of 32.2 million acres compared to 32.5 last year.

That's down just, you know, 300 million acres or so.

Hard red winter wheat acres, they estimated at 22.7 million.

That's down from 23.2 last year.

And soft red winter wheat acres were projected

to be about 100,000 acres higher at 6 million

compared to 5.9 last year.

So I think overall what we see with hard red winter wheat

and that's what's important to us,

is we've got less acres than we had last year.

And a lot of those acres are in Kansas,

and you know they've got higher yields than Oklahoma,

and I think that's good, or positive news

for our wheat prices.

>>> In terms of market news and chatter

that we've heard recently,

what do you think will have the most impact

on the markets?

>>> Well, if I'm looking at what I've heard

over the last two or three weeks,

I think Russia, Russia's always in the news.

You know, they increased their beginning stocks,

so that is more wheat they had to export

than we anticipated.

They increased their production for last year.

That increased their wheat available for exports,

and that had a negative impact on our price.

And then another big thing is India

is looking at harvesting a near-record or record crop.

India's harvest will start in March.

India normally doesn't export wheat,

but it looks like they may have wheat they can export

during that April-May time period,

and that'll get into our market.

>>> Now before the holidays you were someone optimistic

about the 2019 prices.

Has that changed?

What's the update?

>>> Well, I'm not as optimistic.

You know, I was saying you give me 60-pound test weight,

12.5% protein, I'm gonna give you 5.75.

With what's going on in Russia, Ukraine,

Ukraine planted acres are supposed to be slightly higher,

Russia's crop's in very good condition,

India's crop's coming on, and so I just can't be

as optimistic as I was on the $5.75.

I'm still semi-optimistic.

Our current price is around $4.90,

this time last year it was closer to $4.00,

so we're starting at a higher point.

So you gotta be a little happier about prices,

but not as happy as I was three weeks ago.

>>> Okay, Kim.

Well, thanks a lot for all the information.

We'll see you next week.

(cheerful music)

 

Food Whys

>>> Both dietary supplements and drugs can be beneficial

to our health.

However, they're not the same.

Here are some key ways in which they're different.

The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act,

along with FDA regulations, define drugs, in part,

by the their intended use as articles that diagnose,

cure, mitigate, treat, or prevent disease,

and as articles other than food, intended to affect

the structure or any function of the body of a human

or even an animal.

So when we talk about intended use,

well, what does the FDA mean?

When the FDA says intended use, they mean any claim

about treating or preventing disease that's stated

on the product label, or even in any advertising,

or on the internet, or any other promotional material.

Dietary supplements include things such as vitamins,

minerals, herbs, amino acids, and enzymes.

These articles function in either of two ways.

They can either ensure that our bodies get enough

of vital substances to function properly,

or they can help reduce the risk of disease.

Supplements can be found in forms that are similar to drugs,

for example, tablets, capsules, soft gels,

gel caps, powders or liquids.

However, it's important to remember that dietary supplements

are not meant to treat disease, nor are they permitted

to be marketed for those purposes.

It's also important to remember that the FDA

is not authorized to review dietary supplements

for safety or effectiveness before they're marketed.

So drugs and dietary supplements can

contribute to our health, however, they're not identical,

nor should they be used in the same way.

For more information, please visit sunup.okstate.edu,

or fapc.biz, or download the FAPC app.

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember, you can find us anytime at sunup.okstate.edu

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Have a great week everyone,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(cheerful music)

 

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