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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for October 27, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Don't wait to harvest soybeans
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Totusek Lectureship reminder
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Immobile nutrient sufficiency 101
  • Being Pete

 

(upbeat music)

  

Don't wait to harvest soybeans

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to Sunup, I'm Linda Stout.

Soybean harvest is winding down across Oklahoma,

and here to talk about it is Josh Lofton,

our extension cropping system specialist.

Josh give us an idea of what you're seeing around Oklahoma.

>>> Well the good thing is it looks like mother nature's

turned off the water faucet for the time being.

And so its really good for our winter crop producers

but we desperately needed to get a lot

of these summer crops out of the ground.

And we are seeing a beginning to the end of some

of our full season soybean, a lot of our grain sorghum crop,

we are starting to see a lot of growers wrap up.

And what we're seeing is potentially very positive

results from the field as far as a yield perspective goes.

>>> Lets talk about quality and you have some

examples in your hand right now.

>>> Yeah, that's where we have kind of fallen down this year.

You know, if you're a soybean producer you have soybeans

out in the field, you know that some of our really early

soybeans were ready to harvest maybe a month ago.

So they have been out in the field dry, potentially

very mature during all these rainfall events.

And what we're actually seeing and hearing from around

the field that we are seeing very very low quality soybeans.

Like I said, the yields are often there,

but what we have is lower quality soybeans.

And this is actually a bad sample, it's not a good sample.

But I've seen worse, out in the country side this year.

This comes from a lot of different things, something like

this really green bean comes from the plant just getting

hit by the freeze, maybe wasn't fully mature, and its

getting stuck with that green coloring to those beans.

Some of these other things, to where you see these

darkening colors, that's actually what

we call soybean weathering.

And that has many different causes.

Phomopsis is the pathogen that we typically associate

with it and its something that comes in late season

to where we have some sort of issue to where the

water is getting into the pod.

And then that water is sitting there

and essentially molding those soybeans in the pod.

The more this soybean stays in the field,

the worse this quality is gonna be.

So if we are in areas that we can get the soybeans out,

growers need to be prioritizing that above all else.

Getting in the field, getting the soybeans out.

The other big thing that I hadn't heard too much

but we found this morning is we're getting

some sprouting in the pod.

And that's a very bad thing.

That can be detrimental, we see that this middle bean

here has actually started to try to make a leaf.

The trifoliate of that bean are trying to come out

and that's going to be very bad especially

if growers have a lot of it in the bin that's bad

cause it spikes our moisture, its bad quality

but it also makes it very challenging to harvest.

So as soon as growers can get out in the field

that needs to be priority number one.

>>> Well hope for some sunshine so they can wrap it up

>>> Good, warm sunshine would be great.

>>> I'm sure you are already kinda thinking about

what the takeaways are for the next growing season.

What kind of advice can you give producers

so they can start thinking about that?

>>> So, right now is a great time that once you start getting

your yields back, you can get your yield maps,

you can start evaluating what we're gonna do next year.

Determine what crops, where our crops are gonna go.

Specifically, our soybean producers,

where they have soybean fields.

The take away, almost the post mortem for this,

is to say we had a lot of big pressure from some

of our insects, namely our stinkbugs this year.

And I think a lot of this weathering has to do with

how much stinkbug pressure we had this year.

So look into your stinkbug management particularly.

Make sure that we're scouting for those in a timely nature.

Other than that, if we do have a challenging fall like this

try to get your soybeans out early.

I know we can't predict mother nature, I wish we could.

But if we're getting kinda to that time, try to get

those combines rolling through the field

as early as possible because the more they sit in the field

in this stage to where they're finished the worse

quality is gonna be and then yields

will start degrade as well.

>>> Okay, thanks a lot Josh, we'll see you again soon.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Welcome to your weekly Mesonet weather report.

The majority of the state has been blessed

with good rainfall in the last few months.

In many places, producers are having to deal with soils

that are too wet to finish normal field work

like harvesting soybeans or planting wheat.

The average four inch depth plant available water map

shows just how wet conditions are.

100% would be an indicator of a

soil that is fully saturated.

As we move further into fall, it takes

longer for these soils to dry out.

The potential evapotranspiration rates, which is

water loss from the soil surface and through the

plant leaves, are very low this time of year.

Most locations are showing less than a 10th of an inch.

We know that relative humidity has been very high lately

due to all the moisture in the state.

The average relative humidity for September

was as much as 19% above normal.

That trend continued into October with rates

averaging 10 to 15% higher than average.

Winds are not helping drying conditions either.

As we see, they also have dropped

off well below average lately.

Farmers need a couple of weeks

of good drying conditions without additional rain

to get back on schedule with regular operations.

Next up, is Gary with some new information

about this year's winter forecast.

>>> Thanks Wes, and good morning everyone.

Well, we got a little bit more rains,

and we got a little bit more improvement

on the drought monitor map, so let's get right to it.

Okay, now we have a completely

color-free area in southwest Oklahoma.

No more even abnormally dry conditions,

and then as I promised, without much rain,

that northeastern sector still

gonna see a little bit of drought.

It's not in danger of increasing very rapidly up there,

but until we get rainfall, substantial rainfall

in that area, I'm afraid we're gonna have

those lingering moderate drought conditions.

Now, we can go right to the outlooks for November

from the Climate Prediction Center.

For temperature, we see increased odds

of above normal temperatures across the entire state,

but a little bit higher increased odds across the Panhandle.

For precipitation, about the southwestern 2/3

of the state does see increased odds

of above normal precipitation.

For the northeastern quarter or third, basically,

equal chances of above, below, or near normal conditions.

So just a flip of the coin up that way.

Now we're gonna jump ahead to the winter outlook

from the Climate Prediction Center.

For temperatures, we see increased odds once again

of above normal temperatures across the entire state,

and especially across the western Panhandle.

So nearly identical to that in November.

For precipitation, we see increased odds

of above normal precipitation across the southwestern

quarter of the state, and also parts of the Panhandle.

So, move that area of increased precipitation

for November down a little bit to the southwest

for the December through February time frame.

So, we have parts of the state

that have had way too much rainfall,

and Ag producers are ready to get out in those fields,

have it dry out a little bit.

While just a tiny bit of the state

needs a little bit more rain,

so will mother nature provide that?

Doubtful, but we'll see what we get.

That's it for this time.

We'll see next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Market Monitor

>>> Well, it happened, wheat prices quit wallowing around,

but, Kim, they kind of didn't go the direction

we were hoping for with them.

>>> Yeah, you look over the last week,

we're down about 25 cents over the last two weeks.

Down about 44 cents, definitely not the direction we wanted.

>>> What caused the stumble in the price?

>>> Well, I think they're several things

going on in the market.

A big thing is the dollar index.

It increased about 3% from around 93.4 to 96.4.

You look at the export price.

That's essentially raising the export price

about 20 cents a bushel.

Our export sales continue to be in the tank.

Hard red winter wheat total sales

since June 1 is 36% lower than last year.

USDA is predicting they'll be down 10.

So, we haven't recovered on it,

and we've been missing sales lately.

The countries have been importing

from places besides the United States.

And then you look at Russian wheat production.

How often have we talked about it going higher?

It was down to 2.4 billion to 2.45 billion to 2.5.

Report this week had above 2.6 billion bushels.

We'll just have to see, and as long as Russia has wheat

to export, that's going to bite into our sales.

>>> Is this setting up for a downward trend or anything?

>>> Well, you look the downward movement

on the KC December contract.

It broke that important $5 support level.

It went down to the July low of 4.93.

We continue below that, we may go down another 20.

So, you got to say in the short run,

we are on a downtrend, that we've established that.

It's got to break that 4.93 to continue.

>>> Do you think that we'll see that?

Do you think we'll ever rebound from this?

>>> Well, prices will come up sometime,

it's just a matter of when.

>>> And it's probably gonna be when our exports improve,

countries start coming to the United States

for the wheat, when Russia runs out of wheat.

And my calculations has that happening

somewhere in February.

In other words, if they continue shipping

like they've shipped over the last three months,

then they're gonna have fulfilled

or just about emptied their bins by February.

That means our export demands should

pick up late December, early January,

somewhere in that and our prices should increase then.

>>> Overall, can Oklahoma producers afford

to wait until February for that?

>>> I would store it if I could afford

50 cents and we've got 40 of that 50 in right now.

If I could afford the loss

and we could go down another 20 or 30,

if I could afford that, I'd probably hub it.

Just determine when you're gonna

have that wheat sell and then sell it in lots

between now and then.

Just dollar cost averaging.

>>> It takes the emotion out of it.

>>> That's exactly it, it makes it mechanical.

>>> Right, okay, thank you much!

Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Coner

>>> Parts of Northwest Oklahoma have already experienced

a frost or in some cases,

a killing freeze.

The rest of the state is still waiting

for that first frost that could have

quite an impact on some of the plants

that the cattle are grazing this fall.

In particular I'm concerned about

some sorghum type plants,

perhaps a milo field that has been harvested

that we've turned some cattle out,

or even some of the sudan, sudan hay crosses,

that might still be out in the field

that we have cattle grazing.

You see those light frosts can stress the plant

and the possibility of accumulation

of prussic acid can occur.

Prussic acid is another way of saying hydrocyanic acid

and the cyanide portion of that

is very, very deadly to cattle.

What the cyanide does basically

is keep the blood from being able to release oxygen

to the rest of the tissues of the animal's body

and therefore, it basically dies

of cellular asphyxiation.

If you have an animal down

that's perhaps succumbed to prussic acid,

one of the first symptoms you'll see

is the blood is very, very bright cherry red.

And that's a real good

indication that prussic acid poisoning

has caused that particular problem.

Prussic acid will accumulate

in these sorghum type plants in

basically two different ways.

The plant itself, just being stressed

will accumulate the prussic acid.

The other way is by regrowth.

A lush, new regrowth after a frost,

that itself can be high in prussic acid

and be potentially dangerous.

So what do we do about this?

Well first of all I would suggest

if we have that light frost,

that we get the animals off of

any kind of sorghum type plant in the field, if possible.

And then wait until after a killing frost.

Something where we have the temperatures down

in the, say the mid twenties.

That for certain will kill the plant.

And then wait about a week after that

really, really killing freeze

before we turn the cattle back in

on those kinds of pastures.

Even when we do, I really would recommend

that you watch the cattle closely

for several hours after we turn them

back in on those particular fields or pastures

just in case we happen to see some

indication of some cattle acting rather differently,

they're labored breathing, perhaps actually go down.

Then we have that indication that something

like that may be taking place.

So watch during this fall,

if we have one of those light frosts

and we have cattle on those kinds of pastures,

I'd be very, very cautious about that situation.

If you'd like to read more about

hydrocyanic acid poisoning or prussic acid poisoning,

we can go to the show links,

the Sun Up website show links, at sunup.okstate.edu.

Look under show links

and we've got a link there to a fact sheet.

It's 2904 and it tells about

prussic acid poisoning and livestock.

Hey, we look forward to visiting

with you again next week on SUNUP's Cow Calf Corner.

 

Totusek Lecturship reminder

>>> Thank you Glenn, now here's Dave Lalman

with a word about the 25th annual event

in honor of longtime animal science department head,

Dr. Bob Totusek.

>>> The Totusek collector-ship was initiated

to honor Dr. Bob Totusek

who is a longtime department head

in animal science here at Oklahoma State University.

He had a wide following throughout the state

and really, throughout the nation.

First as a livestock judge, and then for his

leadership in the livestock industry.

Each year, our graduate student association invites

a special speaker to come to campus.

The public is invited to come in, enjoy dinner with

our faculty staff and graduate students.

This year's speaker is Anne Burkholder,

also known as The Feed Yard Foodie, and she's quite a

champion for agriculture, and so she'll have

a wonderful, interesting message.

November 2nd, 5:30 p.m.

Dinner will be served right at 5:30,

and the lecture will follow.

For more information on Totusek Lectureship,

just go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Derrell Peel, our livestock marketing

specialist, is here now.

Darrell, wheat pasture been a little bit of

a challenge this fall.

Give us an update on what the situation is now.

>>> You know, it's been very unusual this fall.

We had the cool, wet weather in late August,

early September, excited for a lot of potential.

A lot of folks did get out and get wheat planted then,

and of course the rains have just continued since then.

The last 90 days has been the

wettest on record, I think, in Oklahoma.

So folks who didn't get wheat planted early have

struggled since then to plant.

On the other hand, emergence is very good.

It's ahead of schedule.

We've got lots of moisture.

We're going to grow lots of wheat pasture.

Eventually, we're gonna have a lot of wheat pasture,

but we're not quite there yet.

>>> How about feeder prices this fall?

>>> Well, the feeder cattle markets have

kind of mimicked that situation.

We saw a lot of early demand, given the potential we had,

so, you know, stocker calves have particularly moved up,

counter-seasonally in September.

They peaked about the last week of September.

Then they back off a little bit.

Not so much because of the seasonal pressure.

The volumes were actually down, simply because it was too

wet and sloppy to either sell or

buy calves during that period.

The one market that's continued to struggle a bit

has been the cull cow market.

It dropped very early this summer.

It's continued to be pretty weak, and normally doesn't

bottom until we get into November.

So, you know, have to wait and see.

I don't really expect it to go a lot lower,

but we have to wait and see what kind of

recovery we might get towards the end of the year.

>>> It's hard to believe, but we're already

starting to wind down 2018.

Give us an idea of how things are shaping up as we

head into the first part of 2019.

>>> You know, we look ahead to 2019.

I think you'd characterize 2018 much like 2017 as a

bit of a pleasant surprise, despite the fact that

beef production continues to increase.

We've held prices well.

And that, at this point, is set to continue in 2019.

We'll see a slight increase in beef production in 2019.

We've got lots of cattle in the pipeline.

We're not quite done with herd expansion yet.

But that said, we've had very good demand

that has kept prices well, so I'm gonna say steady as she

goes as we look into 2019 at this point in time.

The focus is really on demand, and as long as demand

hangs together, then the supply situation is actually

gonna begin to improve as we moderate these increases

and moderate the herd expansion.

>>> Okay, we'll stay tuned.

Thanks a lot, Derrell.

>>> You bet.

(upbeat music)

 

Immobile nutrient sufficiency 101

>>> When we make nutrient rate recommendations,

for different nutrients we use different techniques.

For the mobile nutrients, like nitrogen and sulfur,

it is a yield function.

So the more you yield, the more you add.

For immobile nutrients, such as phosphorus, potassium,

and many of our metals, we're going to use

a sufficiency approach, and that's based

upon the soil test index.

So, yield isn't a function.

It's about the soil.

Now, this concept really gets confusing at times.

Trying to understand when you look at soil test result,

or look into soil fertility handbook,

there's three different columns you look at

for phosphorus and potassium.

One is the soil test.

One is the percent sufficiency.

And the other is the recommendation.

So, I want to talk a little bit about sufficiency,

and what does that really mean, and where does it come from

for immobile nutrients like P and K?

So, we get sufficiency based upon a lot of research

that's happened over the years.

If you look at this chart here, we have the soil test

value from zero to 100 of whatever nutrient

we're worried about, and then the yield response.

So if we have zero, we're getting zero yield.

If we have a high rate in the soil, we have high yield.

The sufficiency is looking at where are we at

on soil test to yield?

So, if we look at this value, where we go to this point.

This is the critical point.

So, that zone where we're no longer responding

to additional nutrients or to higher soil tests,

this critical value.

We would drop down.

And at this point, we would say the crop is 100% sufficient.

Whatever the soil test value, for whatever nutrient,

this is our 100%.

And as we go down this line, this yield line in the blue,

as we get lower, lower, closer to zero,

our yield level drops.

So this, let's say this is 50% yield,

we're gonna say this value, whatever the soil test value is,

is 50% sufficient.

So if you start with the soil test at this point

you're only going to yield 50%

of your environmental total.

If you're at this point, 100%, you could add fertilizers

and the probability of getting a response is very, very low.

Now if we look at these three columns,

you came across your 40 line, soil test at 40,

and 90% sufficiency, with a recommendation of 20.

This means if you were to choose

not to fertilize your crop, you're only going to make

90% of the environmental potential

based upon your phosphorus value.

Now fortunately if you have two limiting factors

such as phosphorus and potassium,

and fortunately when we have two immobile nutrients

that are both deficient, you multiply

the effect of those together to get the outcome.

So to figure out how you're going to end up

in total yield potential you will take 80% x 80%

which means the best you can do if you don't fertilize

for either P or K is 64%

of your total environmental potential

which in this case would give you,

best case scenario 32 bushels per acre.

Now if you're to fertilize based

upon the soil test recommendations for the 80 and the 80,

you would then be able to bring it back up to 50

which is the environmental potential for the locations

given P and K and everything else is okay.

Now if you have more questions

or interests in learning about this,

check out the SUNUP website.

Sunup.okstate.edu.

(peppy guitar music)

 

Being Pete

>>> Finally today, to mark homecoming this weekend,

Sunup's Kurtis Hair learns what it takes

to become Oklahoma State University's number one cowboy.

>>> [Kurtis] Like a lot of students

at Oklahoma State University, Steven Vekony

and Kevin Osborn are full speed

into the routine grind of college life.

Wake up, go to class, study,

worry about grades, sleep, repeat.

Kevin is a senior majoring in agricultural education

while Steven is working on his masters in Business.

Two ordinary students.

Except for the tiny fact that

they're the biggest men on campus.

(fans chanting and marching band instruments)

>>> I didn't know Pete was actually a college student.

You know, it's kinda funny, we always talk about

how many picture frames we're in

in people's houses that we don't even know.

>>> [Kurtis] If you didn't know, there are

two Petes working a football game.

Each quarter they switch.

One works the east end zone, the other works the west.

Kevin is up first.

>>> Really, it comes down to basically entertaining yourself

'cause I mean if you're on the sidelines

yeah, you're watching the game but also

you're gonna walk over and say hi to the kids

or steal somebody's camera and take a bunch of pictures.

>>> You can kind of tell which one of us

in the suit based on how we're acting in that moment.

I'm pretty ornery and Kevin likes to move his hips a lot.

>>> I was not conscience that I move my hips that much.

And I'll be conscience of that now.

(fans cheering)

>>> [Kurtis] Being Pete is not just a weekend gig.

(gunshot)

It's a full time commitment.

>>> Kevin and I split about 700 appearances a year

with Pete and then we go

and we're full-time college students.

>>> [Kurtis] Football games, basketball games,

soccer games, weddings, anniversaries,

birthday parties, holiday parties,

even gender reveals are on the list of appearances.

>>> You have to love the university.

It's not one of those deals like,

oh I want to do it just because. You have to eat, breathe,

and sleep Oklahoma State University

because it's a year-long commitment of your life.

>>> Most universities have mascots.

But it's different here at OSU.

It's like Pete is the university

and the university is Pete.

And this year marks an important milestone.

It's been 60 years since the legendary Frank Eaton

was immortalized as OSU's mascot.

>>> Pistol Pete is really the symbol of OSU.

Probably the most visible symbol we have.

He's certainly one of the most beloved mascots

of any university in the country.

But he has become over these 60 years,

an integral part of the image of Oklahoma State University.

>>> [Kurtis] Steven is the 88th Pete and Kevin is the 89th.

89 Petes may sound like a lot but over 60 years

it's a relatively small club.

>>> Being able to share something with a few select

number of guys that have done this over the years,

you got other schools, like at OU for example,

they have 14 people every year

so it's kinda that tradition and kind of brotherhood.

>>> The students that portray Pistol Pete are always

some of the most outstanding students we have.

And this year they're both from the College

of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources

and they do a tremendous amount of work

and they're kinda everywhere.

That's why you need two of them.

We probably need for of 'em really.

>>> [Kevin] Imagine what you're like when it's 90 degrees.

>>> It's not any different than a hayfield.

>>> [Kurtis] While the roles Steven and Kevin play

is a fixture for the university...

>>> I'll take 'em both.

>>> [Kurtis] They're also part of another OSU tradition.

Agriculture.

>>> My dad raises wheat, cotton, alfalfa, bermuda.

And then we raise cows.

And then my brother and I started our own farm

a couple of years ago where we grow the same

commodities and market those.

>>> [Kurtis] Kevin's grandfather was an

agricultural professor at OSU and growing up in Tuttle,

Kevin's dream was to one day become Pistol Pete.

>>> I was up here on the weekends with my grandpa

and I'd always see Pistol Pete plastered everywhere,

pictures, posters, just everywhere.

I thought, man, that's the coolest thing.

>>> [Kurtis] Growing up in Ada, Steven never thought

he'd want to leave Ponotoc County until he took a trip up

to the university with his FFA chapter.

After getting his undergrad in agricultural education,

he met a former Pete and went for it.

>>> What was cool about Kevin and I

is that neither one of us are in Greek life.

Neither one of us are in different colleges.

We both were brought up in CASNR.

>>> [Kurtis] Kevin hopes to be Pete again next year

and this is Steven's second and final run.

An experience that will continue to shape him.

>>> Just being able to say, one day you know,

I might bring my family back here,

my kids might come to their first game at OSU one day

and I'll be able to say that guy on the field,

I used to do that, that's pretty cool.

>>> [Kurtis] From Pete's stomping grounds

in Boone Pickens Stadium, I'm Kurtis Hair.

 

>>> Thanks so much for joining us this week.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at Sunup.

(peppy, bright music)

 

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