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SUNUP TV 
141 Agriculture North
Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for October 6, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Wheat Update with Josh Bushong
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Farm Bill update
  • The danger of chronic wasting disease
  • Celebrating 10 years of SUNUP

 

(upbeat music)

 

Wheat Update with Josh Bushong

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We join you today from the OSU research station at Marshall

where in just a few weeks a new round

of cattle on wheat studies will begin right in this pasture.

Meantime, we wanted to get an update on the crop.

Here's SUNUP's Dave Deken

and our northwest area agronomist, Josh Bushong.

>>> Well Josh, let's just dive into it.

How does the wheat crop look across Oklahoma so far?

>>> Well Dave, for the most part we've been blessed

with some rains throughout September.

Some guys got two or three different rain showers

over the last four weeks.

So we've had a lot of wheat go in the ground

over the last three weeks.

A lot of guys going after that duel purpose,

get some fall pasture out of this wheat crop

and our rye and triticale acres are up as well.

Obviously we had some issues getting that forage production,

but with the moisture that crop

that has been planted is off to a good start.

Over half of our acres are almost already planted

by this time.

As we know, Oklahoma for the most part anywhere

from a third to almost two-thirds of the wheat crop

is usually for that duel purpose.

And with the commodity price the way they are,

a lot of farmers are cashing in

on the option to duel purpose.

To get a little beef production off those acres.

So we got a lot of guys going into the planting season

wanting some good fall pasture.

And for the most past we've had some pretty good success

getting it up and going.

But there have been some issues with insects

and some heavy rain showers have caused

some crusting issues as well.

Utilizing systems like no-till so you can get

more infiltration of that rain to capture it

to use for the next crop are some management options

that the farmer needs to look at.

Using clean till it'll slick off and we'll have a lot

more run-off so we won't be able

to utilize those heavy rainfall events.

But for the most part, even this place planted

a couple weeks ago had 1.6 inches or so a couple days

after we planted it and we have pretty good stands

here as well.

>>> Let's talk about that, I mean, we're here

by Marshall, Oklahoma and you guys are doing trials

on not only duel purpose wheat,

but also there will be grain only wheat planted back there.

>>> This is a long running historical site.

On this quarter we'll move this trial around,

but we a variety trial under a duel purpose scenario,

where we plant early to try to get that fall vigor,

that fall growth.

And then also we look at the same variety trial

under a grain only system.

So on the back there, it's not planted yet,

like I said this was planted two weeks ago.

We get a pretty good response on responding

from that grazing, how can it handle those stresses.

Long term, we've seen one of the major impacts

on a producer, if they're really after a grain crop,

its not so much the grazing pressure limiting that yield,

it's the planting date.

As you can see in the background there

where we haven't planted the grain only plot yet,

we have a lot of weeds out there so planting later

we can avoid a lot of insect issues like we've had

with fall armyworm and grasshoppers.

And also weed pressures.

If we get those flushes of weeds up

and either chemically fallowed with herbicide

or with tillage, we can get a lot of those weeds

to flush and terminated before we plant the wheat crop.

>>> Josh, what are some of the concerns and some

of the options for those producers that are thinking about

coming off of a summer crop onto wheat?

>>> As we've seen the last couple years,

we've seen an increase in summer crops

and they've done fairly well.

We've been getting some good rains,

good temperatures throughout the summers.

As those farmers shift a few more acres

to those summer crops, they have to have that foresight

on if they really want fall pasture,

they still have to leave some ground for wheat.

Those lated planted acres are still an option

if we got good moisture, soil moisture.

So evaluate the farm after you've harvested that summer crop

and be realistic on what options you have.

>>> Well thank you much Josh Bushong, the area specialist

for northwest Oklahoma.

And for more information on wheat production in Oklahoma,

go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hello, Wes Lee back with your Mesonet weather report.

Cloudy skies are playing havoc

on hay producers who are trying

to get late-season cuttings to cure properly.

Nowhere is this more apparent than

to the state's alfalfa crop.

There is a very good price being paid

to producers who can put up premium

quality hay bales.

The longer it takes to dry, the less chance

it has of reaching this top-quality ranking.

If we look back to the first of August,

we see that percent sunshine versus

the long-term average, has been consistently

below normal, the black line.

Over that same period of time,

we also see relative humidity running

about 10% above normal.

We currently do not have a model

for determining hay drying time.

However, there is one weather measurement

that might be useful to producers.

Pan evaporation is calculated using all

of the weather parameters useful

for hay drying, except soil moisture.

Theoretically, high evaporation levels

could mean good hay drying conditions.

Here we see that over the past two months,

evaporation was indeed, well below normal.

Right now, it may be more important

than ever for hay producers to pay extra

attention to weather forecast conditions

before firing up the swather.

Next, Gary is going to tell us more

about the state's current weather situation.

>>> Thanks, Wes, and good morning everyone.

Well sometimes you just can't win.

We come off one of the wettest Septembers

on record where them Fittstown Mesonet sites

saw the second hightest daily rainfall total

in state history, and much of the southern part

of the state got from five to ten inches

of rain, but drought increases

in parts of the state.

Let's get right to that new Drought Monitor map

and see what we have.

Well as you can see in the Southwest,

that drought area is starting to shrink

more and more, now we just have a smaller area

of severe drought surrounded by moderate drought,

and a little bit of abnormally dry conditions.

And that area continues to shrink and improve.

However, when we go to the Northeast,

we see an increase in the severe

and moderate drought and also a wider area

of abnormally dry conditions.

Those are the places that just plain

missed out on the good rains during September.

Now let's take a look at the Departure

from Normal Rainfall map for September

and that'll show you where we had

the good rains, the catastrophic rains,

and then the places without the good rain.

It's pretty easy seeing those blue rays

down in south central Oklahoma,

centered on Ponotoc County, where they had

about 14 and 1/2 inches extra for the month.

And we had had a wide area from four to six

inches above normal, all across

the southern parts of the state.

Let's take a look ahead.

The outlooks for temperature from the

Climate Prediction Center see increased odds

for above-normal temperatures

across the southeastern US, including Oklahoma,

especially eastern Oklahoma.

While the October outlook for precipitation

sees increased odds of above-normal

precipitation for the entire state as well.

So possibly a warm and wet October,

that would be good for drought eradication.

So the final outlook, the October Drought Outlook

from the Climate Prediction Center,

and it sees drought improvement in those areas

across the state and the Southwest,

and also the Northeast, possible removal.

The only place they see drought remaining

would be in the far western panhandle,

but I think after this week, that area might

be OK as well.

So the fall rains, if they keep coming,

we'll be out of drought.

We just need it to fall in the right places.

That's if for this time.

We'll see you next time

on the Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our Crop Marketing Specialist,

joins us now.

Kim, another quiet week in the grain markets,

the big question, is this a good thing?

>>> I think it's a good thing, especially

in light of the wheat exports, they're

37% below last year, that's hard red winter

wheat exports.

The USDA's projected even exports

for the year, or same as last year,

we've got a lot of export demand to make up.

You look at corn, we got a near-record

world production, we got record US production.

You got that much corn being harvested

and steady prices, I think that's a good thing.

You look at soybeans, record world harvest

going on, record US harvest, again a lot

of soybeans and soybean prices,

actually, we had a little increase

in them this week, that's a good thing.

Cotton is the question.

Slightly lower, well it's level prices in cottons

but cotton's been stepping down and

so a steady week, it's down around 75 cents,

I think it's a good thing that

it held that level.

>>> We heard a rumor this week that Russia

was going to suspend exports

out of certain terminals.

>>> Those Russian rumors, you know you hear

that they're gonna suspend exports,

they're gonna suspend, you always get

a little price rally out of that.

You can say that's a good thing,

but it's a lot of unknowns.

It's phytosanitary, their grading standards,

they're saying they gotta clean

up a couple places.

You know you can say, "Is Russia just trying

to get a higher price for their wheat?"

Because they got a little rally

out of the deal.

>>> There was little movement in corn prices.

Has corn bottomed out now?

>>> Most analysts say that corn prices

have bottomed out.

One big advisory firm said that we had

a head to shoulders bottom, which means

that we'll get about a 30 or 40 cent price

increase out of corn.

So, I think corn prices have bottomed out.

>>> What about soybeans establishing a short-run uptrend?

>>> Yeah, we've got about a 50 cent increase

of soybeans off the bottom, and I'm hesitant

to say we've got a short run.

Yeah, you've got a couple of weeks uptrend there.

I think we've got, and if it continues on up

after 50 cents, if it breaks, you know,

like 930 or 940, something like that

I think we'll have an uptrend.

Right now, yeah we've got upward movements

I don't wanna call it a trend yet.

>>> Well last but not least, cotton prices mostly flat

are cotton prices at the bottom?

A lot of people interested in cotton now.

>>> Yeah, I, you know, we were up around 90 cents.

We've gotten down to around 75 cents.

That's where USDA is projecting the

seasonal average price.

So I think we could go a little lower in cotton if you

just look what's going on if the harvest comes

in relatively big.

I think we're close to the bottom, but we could go down

a couple more cents.

But I think we're pretty near there.

>>> Okay, thanks a lot Ken. We'll see you next week.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> October is typically the time when we wean the calves,

but it's also a time when we examine the cows to see

which ones are potential culls that we want to

remove from our herd at this particular time.

I think it's important that we do proper cow culling,

especially making sure that we get cows culled while

they're still in good body condition.

Therefore, they'll weigh the best when we sell them

and bring the best possible price per pound

when we actually take them to the market.

One of the key questions that comes up when we're

thinking about which cows we're going to keep

and which ones we're going to send to market,

is the age of the cow.

Is there a pattern that would tell us which age

of cow is most likely to need to be culled?

Well, there's actually some data sets that gives

us a little bit of a hint

about answering that particular question.

Back in the 80's, a large ranching operation in Florida

kept track of the reproductive performance

of the cows in their herd over a two year period

of time, looked at each year individually,

and as you see on this particular graphic,

there seems to be a tendency for their reproductive

capability of these cows to begin to taper off

just a little bit after they're eight years of age.

Then the lines get a little steeper.

Once they get to ten, the downward trend

becomes more dramatic, and of course by the time

they reach 12 years of age, then this particular

data set indicates that the cows are really

losing that reproductive capability pretty sharply,

and I think we need to look at that and consider that

about each cow that goes through the chute this year

on our operation.

There's actually follow-up data that comes from the

USDA up at the Clay Center Station in Nebraska

with over 20,000 head of cows, and the pattern was really

very, very similar.

The reproductive capability of the cattle stayed

pretty even until they were eight years of age,

then a slight drop off between eight and ten,

by the time they got to be ten years of age,

the downward slide was much more dramatic.

So, it seems to me that as we're looking at cows

this fall, or any fall, when we're going to

potentially cull some cows, when they get to be

eight, we better start looking for other things

that could be going wrong.

Such things as, check their mouth to

see if the mouth is still sound.

Does a cow have a bad utter?

Is she in poor body condition, even though the

pastures have been good this summer and early fall?

All of these things could be indications that

she is a cow that we'd want to consider culling.

Once she gets to ten years of age, then I'd

really start to be very, very critical and look

for any other sign that this is a cow

that we probably need to remove from the herd.

And by the time that she's 12, then certainly,

I think that's just almost an automatic cull.

She's reached that point in her life,

she's done a good job for us, this would be a good time

to make sure that we can go ahead and market her

while she's still in good body condition.

We look forward to visiting with you again next week

on Sun Ups Cow Calf Corner.

(upbeat music)

 

Farm Bill update

>>> We are joined now by Amy Hagerman, our Ag Policy

Specialist and Amy, the Farm Bill, the current Farm

Bill expired this past week and there are some

interesting consequences, so we wanted to have you on

to kind of sort it all out for us, give us a little

bit of an overview.

>>> Well, thanks. 

So there really are some interesting

consequences as a result of the farm bill expiration

on September 30.

There were a couple of different options

of things that could have happened.

We could have had a new 2018 farm bill out of

the conference committee or they could have extended

the 2014 farm bill.

But since the farm bill was actually allowed to expire

we're gonna have different kinds of effects

for different parts of the farm bill.

The farm bills as you know is made up

of a lot of different programs.

So we have commodity titles, we have conservation,

we have the nutrition programs.

And there will be different impacts

by each one of those programs.

For programs that are permanently authorized

and funded through appropriations such as the

supplemental nutrition assistance program, or SNAP,

formerly known as food stamps, or for the crop insurance

program, you're not gonna see a lot impacts

as a result of the expiration of the farm bill.

>>> So with some of this in mind, and no doubt

there's kind of a lot to sort through in the interim.

What kind of message do you have for producers

in this kind of, you know, uneasy, uncertain time?

>>> It does, it creates a lot of uncertainty.

But the important thing is that most of these programs

are funded through 2018.

So we're not gonna see a lot of radical or immediate changes

because of this, there's still time for congress

to either pass a 2018 farm bill or pass an extension

of the 2014 farm bill before we start to see

a lot of impacts.

In the next few months they won't see a lot of changes

in the different programs.

Other than perhaps some different kinds of notices

they might receive from their crop insurance agent

or from farm service agencies.

CRP contracts expired on September 30th

and no new contracts can be put in place

without either a farm bill or an extension

of the prior farm bill.

So you can expect to see some notices on that,

we should still see October payments though.

>>> Let's also talk about an upcoming event that our viewers

may be interested in, where you will be talking about

the farm bill and lots of other topics

and that's the annual rural economic outlook conference.

Tell us about that.

>>> So the rural economic outlook conference will be held

October 17th, we're really excited about the program

that has been put together there and I hope that people

will come and listed to an overview of different topics

that affect us in Oklahoma and what's expected,

including what we expect to hear

on the farm bill as we get more news.

>>> Okay well great, great information, thanks a lot Amy.

>>> Thank you.

>>> And for more information on the rural economic outlook

conference, just go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

The danger of Chronic Wasting Disease

>>> With deer season there's always concern with diseases

that affect deer and Dwayne, there's a disease that's

kind of popping up that really has the attention

of the wildlife community.

>>> Yeah it's called Chronic Wasting Disease,

and it's in the same group of diseases of things like

Crutzfeldt-Jakob's that affects humans

and Mad Cow, you've probably heard about with bovine,

Scrapies in sheep, they're all very similar caused by

these sort of mutated proteins that are call prions.

>>> And with this disease, I mean it's a pretty devastating,

it has a pretty devastating effect with deer.

>>> Yeah it's essentially a death sentence for a deer.

And right now we don't know that it can jump to humans,

but the centers for disease control,

they can't rule that out with certainty.

But thus far there's no information that leads us to believe

that it affects humans.

But it's devastating for deer populations.

>>> So let's talk a little bit about like

where the disease is like popping up and

how it actually affects the deer.

>>> Sure.

So it's been detected in at least 23 states

and several Canadian provinces.

While we have not detected it in wild deer in Oklahoma,

it is in every state surrounding us,

so it's gonna be quite difficult to keep it out.

>>> What are some measures that we

hunters can do to keep it out?

Is there anything that they can do?

>>> Yeah so, the biggest issue right now is just

controlling transport of infected animals.

And there's two ways that that might happen.

One is hunter harvested animal, so if you're going to

an area that is known to have CWD,

you need to get that animal tested

but you also need to dispose of the carcass

at the point of harvest and only bring

packaged meat and clean antlers back into the state.

So that's the first thing you can do.

The second thing is how we move live deer around.

There's right now, Oklahoma does not restrict live deer

from being transported within and between states.

But you do have to fill out certain paperwork.

And that's regulated by the Oklahoma Department

of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry.

So that is something that we need to be vigilant about

to make sure that those animals that are being transported

are coming from CWD free areas.

>>> You mentioned that right now it can't be transferred

to humans but in theory it could

and the CDC actually has some recommendations

when harvesting meat.

>>> Yeah, even though there's no information to suggest

that humans can get it,

they can't rule that out with absolute certainty

so the CDC's being very cautious and they're recommending

that you do not consume parts of the animal

where these prions are known to accumulate in mass,

so that's like the brain, the spinal column, or lymph nodes.

In fact, they recommend you don't even come in contact

with those parts of the animal,

that you wear gloves at all times.

So if you harvest an animal that is even close to CWD area,

we recommend that you only take the muscle tissue

and that you make sure you wear gloves

while you're handling it

and then again properly dispose of that carcass,

get it underground, either bury it at-site

or get it in an approved lined landfill.

>>> And so we're not sounding the alarms here,

the sky's not falling, but it is a concern

for the wildlife community.

>>> Absolutely, if you're a hunter

or care about white-tailed deer

you should be very concerned

because it has caused serious population reductions

in certain areas that it's been established longer.

It's also affected the hunting community.

Even though the disease is not known to infect humans,

because that can't completely be ruled out yet

people are afraid and so they're choosing not to hunt

and that's affecting local economies

because of reductions in license and hotel

and fuel expenditures during hunting season

so it's really affected the hunting culture

and the economies of these areas

where CWD has been established.

>>> Okay, thanks Dwayne.

If you would like some more information

about chronic wasting disease,

go to the CDC website or you can go to our website

sunup.okstate.edu.

(light guitar music)

 

Celebrating 10 years of SUNUP

>>> Finally, today as many of you know

SUNUP's been on the air for decades

and this week we reached an important milestone.

We had the opportunity to catch up

with the four people who re-launched the show

in its current format 10 years ago this week.

>>> The four of us had this really great opportunity

to get this amazing program back on the air.

We were essentially given a blank slate,

which was actually really cool

because we were able to incorporate a lot of new ideas.

>>> It was kind of the perfect time for that

because there were shifts in technology

and we were able to bring the show back in 2008

in high-definition.

>>> And so having a chance to really re-think

what the purpose of SUNUP could be,

what role we could serve for the Ag community,

that was really exciting.

>>> We wanted something that when they turn it on,

they feel like they're talking to a neighbor,

they're talking to a friend, they're talking to somebody

that is willing to get in the field with them.

You're gonna have to deal with dead stock.

It's just a fact of life

that these animals pass away from time to time.

And so I think because of the way

the show was put together,

the fact that it was a field day style show,

I think that's why we decided

that you know what, we don't need suit and tie.

>>> What can I say about my SUNUP teammates?

(giggle)

>>> We're very fortunate with the show

to have started with the people that we did.

>>> It was a group of people that were very excited,

very committed, and learning together.

>>> There were four of us that started.

Kathy, Austin, and Dave

and from the get-go,

I think it was a really great team atmosphere.

>>> But that original four felt like a dream team.

We each were very good at parts of the job.

>>> Clinton brought a vast knowledge of not only broadcasting

but also agriculture and delivered it in a way

that was very personable.

>>> [Clinton] And over the last 60 years,

Doc Easley has seen a lot of history at this ranch.

>>> This is the bull, it's the best show bull

that's ever been shown, got the best record.

He's shown 17 times and was champion 17 times.

>>> Austin, he's hungry for that knowledge

and able to relate his questions to the Oklahoma producer

and we needed that. 

>>> And get information

about what they do for the animal.

>>> Okay, now normally when we meet out the beef center

when we're talking in front of cows.

Today we're here in Ag hall,

we've got a few backpacks with us.

I guess this is an experiment

to kind of explain what we're talking about.

>>> And Kathy, oh my gosh,

Kathy knew how to put a show together.

>>> [Kathy] The group Merlin works with

takes that food and donates it to local food banks.

The leader of that group? 

80 year-old George Cockram.

>>> She's one of the best producers in the country,

in my opinion.

>>> Not long after leaving SUNUP,

I got married and had two beautiful children.

We currently live in Gainesville, Florida

where I work for the University of Florida

as the director of media services

and we do a lot of video and studio projects for campus

and it's a lot of fun.

>>> So I've got three great kids, I'm married.

My wife Mary Beth, she's originally

from Fort Gibson, Oklahoma

and our kids now, my oldest is 10, seven, and four

and so we're just living in Indiana

trying to get used to the winters.

>>> Currently I'm in Lubbock, Texas.

I am a doctoral student at Texas Tech University

studying agricultural communications.

My family, you got to know my kids a bit through SUNUP.

Whenever I had a chance, I'd throw them on screen.

They're all doing great.

>>> A few years ago, I was made senior producer here for SUNUP

and what I do now, I put together the show,

I build the rundown, I set up stories,

and then on top of that about three and a half years ago

Crystal and I had twin girls.

People say "Oh my gosh, twins. How do you do it?"

We don't know any different, so we just do the best we can

and it's actually kind of fun.

>>> My takeaway from working at SUNUP,

producers will ask questions, they'll seek answers,

and they'll listen to the resources that are in the state.

Not every state is that way.

Not every state has those resources.

I've traveled to other states

and I've called extension and asked for help

and they tell me "We don't do that anymore."

And so I think that Oklahoma's unique

and I really believe the state should value the resources

that they have in people, in research and technology

and information.

 

>>> What a great look back and we certainly look forward

to the next 10 years.

That'll do it for us this week.

I'm Lyndall Stout, remember Oklahoma agriculture

starts at SUNUP.

(fun country music)

 

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