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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for September 29, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Fall armyworms
  • Market Monitor
  • Vet Script
  • Summer crops update
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Mesonet Weather

  

>>> Hello, everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Fall armyworms are aggressively moving through the state.

We begin today with SUNUP's Dave Deken catching up

with our extension entomologist

to learn how to identify and treat them.

Summer crops update

 

Fall armyworms

>>> So Tom, you're actually working

with some insects right now.

What are you looking at?

>>> Well in this case, we have different age classes

of fall armyworm.

In the last few days, actually Leland McDaniel,

the extension

educator down in Ardmore,

said he got ten calls on Sunday about fall armyworms.

Typically what you can figure

is after you see kind of a peak flight,

if they're out laying eggs,

usually within a week you can start finding them.

Wherever they've been laid, they'll start making

their feeding activity visible.

You want to catch them when they're little,

so we got some little ones in here.

Just want to point out that when they're

at this stage right here, these small ones,

that's when you want to catch them

if you want to try and get really effective control.

When they reach this stage within three to five days,

they can cause the most damage

because in those last two instars,

in that three to five day period,

they'll eat almost 90 percent of all the foliage

that they ever eat as a caterpillar in that time period

so that's why we've heard farmers say,

"Gosh, I went out and saw a bunch of little ones"

crawling around, came back a few days later

"and my fescue was gone or my teff was gone."

or whatever.

>>> So in those three days,

this insect will do the most damage.

>>> Yes, and it's about a ten day to two week period

that they go from egg to pupae.

>>> When a producer finds the armyworms at this stage,

what kind of application should they start?

>>> Take counts and look for visible injury.

We always talk about when they're at this stage

they're not capable of chewing down on the plants themselves

so the window pane, the leaves,

and we have a lot of pictures showing that.

So this is the stage when you see window paning

and you start seeing some numbers of this size caterpillar.

That's really the best time

if you want to get effective control.

There are numerous insecticides

that are registered to control them.

>>> We have a pretty active group here of armyworms.

How do you identify an armyworm versus a corn earworm

versus some other type of insect?

>>> Well fall armyworms are kind of distinctive

in what they look like.

All caterpillars have what we call sutures on their head,

but fall armyworms

have a very prominent, light colored suture

that looks like an inverted Y on their head

that kind of gives them away.

Also, their skin is kind of smooth.

>>> I don't think I want to take one of these home,

but I'll return him

to your petri dish. 

>>> Oh, well thank you.

>>> For more information on armyworms,

visit our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(light guitar music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> It's that time of year

where markets don't move a whole lot, Kim.

Where are we with all the markets?

>>> Well if you look at what's going on

in wheat, corn, and beans,

we just haven't had any movement at all

In the last three weeks or so.

You look at wheat, we've seen prices in one location

between four dollars and 75 cents

and five dollars and eight cents, so that is a 32 cent move

but most of that big movement was in a single time period,

it's mostly wandered around four dollars and 90 cents.

We've had a seven cent move in corn prices

in the last three weeks.

$2.69 to $2.76, mostly around $2.73.

Soybeans at 31 cent price move and that's nothing for beans.

$6.99 to $7.30, mostly around seven dollars and 15 cents.

Now cotton, we've had a relatively big move in cotton,

seven cents from 84 cents down to near 77

so we have seen some movement there.

>>> As we go back,

it seems like back in June and July and August

we had a lot of movement in the markets.

Why aren't we seeing that now?

>>> Well we'd have dollar movement in the wheat market,

some relatively big movements.

Course beans and corn prices were going down.

I think we're not seeing those movements

because we've got a relatively good handle

on what the Northern Hemisphere wheat crop is,

and that's about 89% of this world's wheat crop.

What we gotta get a hold of there is Russia, of course.

Then you've got corn,

big crop coming in, in U.S. corn and world corn,

and then you got record U.S. beans,

record world bean production.

That's gonna stabilize prices also.

>>> So we're kinda on that bubble.

What are we gonna have to do

to fall off that bubble and push upward?

>>> Well, I think on wheat,

we need to get a better handle on what Russia's got.

Their production's probably gonna come in

at 2.55 billion bushels.

It's been down to 2.4

and adjusted up.

And I think that's what got us

our last dollar loss in our wheat prices.

You look at corn and beans,

I think we've gotta get some export demand,

and we've gotta have a lower production around the world.

>>> How long before we know those numbers

from the foreign crops?

>>> Well if you're looking at wheat,

we've pretty much got the Northern Hemisphere,

except for Russia, locked in.

And of course I think it's kinda

hard to get information out of Russia on what the deal is,

but I think we're getting a relatively good handle on it.

You've got Australia that's got a short crop,

it's 150 million bushels below average.

You got Argentina coming up

with a slightly above average crop.

Australia starts their harvest in about two weeks,

Argentina in about five weeks,

so it's gonna be a while

before we know that Southern Hemisphere number,

but it's only 11% of total world stocks.

So we got a pretty good handle on it now.

But it's at the margin,

and at the margin is where you get your price changes.

>>> Moving forward, what should producers be looking for,

and what should they do

whenever they're setting up the marketing?

>>> Well right now in wheat, they've gotta watch Russia,

and they've gotta watch this corn and bean crop

in the United States as we get it in.

I think another problem I haven't mentioned

is the shortage of storage.

And that's got very weak basis.

Our soybean basis is minus $1.20.

A few months ago it was a minus 85.

You've got your corn basis low.

Our wheat basis is relatively high 'cause of quality.

But I think they've gotta watch that basis

and they've gotta watch production

in the United States and around the world.

>>> Okay, thank you much Kim Anderson,

great marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Vet Scripts

>>> I think most sheep and goat producers are aware

that the biggest health problem in small ruminants

is gastrointestinal parasites,

or what we commonly refer to as worms.

I think most of 'em also know that

the de-wormers we use to combat those parasites

are not as effective as they once were.

So we need to use other management tools

in order to control those parasites.

Well one of those tools that we can use

is a product called copper oxide wire particles.

Now these are just little wire particles

that we put into little boluses.

Doctor Joan Burke did a research project

at the Dale Bumpers Research Station in Arkansas,

and in this project what she did

is she took a group of lambs that had been weened,

and these lambs were known to have resistance

to our Benzimidazole wormers,

or what I refer to as our white wormers.

She divided them into five groups.

One group got no treatment.

Two of the groups got copper oxide wire particles

from two different companies.

One group got de-wormed with Albendazol,

and the last group got de-wormed with Albendazol,

plus she gave them the copper oxide wire particles.

When she came back and did fecal egg counts on these,

not surprisingly,

the untreated group had increases in their fecal egg counts.

All the other groups had decrease in their fecal egg counts.

The greatest rejection occurred, though,

with the copper oxide wire particles, and the Albendazol.

The fecal egg count reduction in that was 99.1%,

which is really good.

We have to keep some things in mind

about copper oxide wire particles, before we use 'em.

One, they're only effective against Haemonchus contortus,

or the Barber pole worm.

The other thing we have to keep in mind

is that when we use 'em in sheep,

we all know that sheep have a low tolerance for copper.

So you need to have a pretty good idea

of how much copper these sheep are receiving in their ration

before you use them.

If you'd like some more information

about copper oxide wire particles.

If you'll go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(lively music)

 

Summer crops update

>>> There's still a lot of sorghum left throughout the state,

so Josh, walk us through kind of how

the sorghum crop looked this year.

>>> Yeah, I mean, the sorghum crop has looked pretty good

for the most part this year.

The good thing is, and we've talked about it

a couple times this summer,

there wasn't any big issues this year.

The sugarcane aphids were relatively low.

We're getting some spikes though

a little bit later in the year,

but overall compared to previous years,

we looked pretty good.

I think the biggest challenge growers

had this year were weeds.

We had a really wet year, wet planting season.

What I'm hearing from around the state

is it's little bits and pieces here and there.

We had some aphids.

We had some headworms, some chinch bugs.

We had that long stretch in July

where we didn't have any rain, it was really warm.

So if you escaped some of those,

the sorghum looked really good.

If you got hit by most, if not all of those,

yields are maybe a little bit down.

>>> So let's move on to soybean,

and a lot of the crops still left un-harvested.

What are some things that you are wanting to stress about

and when producers are gonna be thinking

about harvesting their crop?

>>> Yeah, as we're kinda wrapping up our grain summer crops,

our corn's mostly out, a lot of the sorghum,

especially outside the panhandle is pretty well out,

a lotta growers are now starting to shift to soybean.

And with soybean, the biggest thing,

very similar to what we found in sorghum,

weeds were one of our biggest challenge this year,

especially as that dry spell hit in July,

and then we started getting a lot of rains,

we started seeing a lot of late season weeds.

So driving through the countryside,

you can see a lot of soybean fields

with some big marestail, pigweeds,

maybe some grasses that are a challenge.

The bad thing is most of our herbicides

are not labeled for this late in the season.

Even our double crop soybeans have reached

that flowering threshold that is typically

our stop point for most of our herbicides.

However, as we get towards harvest,

growers have the ability to help manage those weeds,

not only for an efficient harvest,

but for future years in that field,

and that's the use of desiccation.

My favorite is Paraquat.

It really does the job really quickly,

really easy, really efficiently.

Most growers have really good access to Paraquat,

so they can get out there.

The biggest things, that's gonna be really good

on our broad leaves, our marestail, and our pigweed.

Not as great on our grasses.

We still can have issues,

but it really can help clean up

some of those fields to make harvest efficient.

Then growers, what they need to do,

is go back in and manage those again

'cause it typically won't kill those weeds.

It'll just make it to where they can get

the crop out of the ground

and then any sort of new growth

before we get into really cold conditions,

need to be managed there.

The one thing that growers have to be cautious of,

and we talked about it in sorghum when we talked about

reaching black layer before we did anything,

soybean have a very similar thing,

it has to reach that physiological maturity.

And a lotta growers like to go out

and just look at the color.

You know, it's turning yellow.

That can be misleading.

What you actually have to do is just break open the pod.

If the seed has separated from the pod,

we can typically apply those desiccations without any issue.

And what we like to see is almost

that spot to where the seed attaches to the pod,

it actually gets hardened off

and actually turns a brown to black to dark color.

And when we get that, that seed has successfully separated

from the plant, then we can go in

and start managing that plant for harvest.

>>> Moving to winter crops,

the 2018 crop wasn't the most promising

for a lot of winter crops,

kind of walk us through maybe why that is

and going forward for the 2019 crop,

what crops, what producers should be thinking about.

>>> Winter of '17, moving into '18,

the problem is we did everything really good.

Most of the growers I talked to

and walked through their management practices.

They did things that needed to be done.

We got really a hold of our fall insects.

We were really timely on our nitrogen application.

We just didn't have the rain and that really hurt us

on the back end there with our lower yields.

So whether you be wheat or canola going in,

for canola, now's the time.

This is usually our really good week for planting canola.

And with these good timely rains

that we got over the last week,

with a little bit of a dry spell,

we can see a lot of our growers putting it in this week,

over the weekend, and maybe first of next week.

And we wanna make sure not to stretch

to that October 10th deadline.

That's an insurable deadline.

We can still plant, however,

if you're insured, that's your insurance deadline,

so you'd have to talk to your agent

to see what the guidelines are for that.

But we should be able to get a lot in.

Once again, good seeding rate, good weed control early,

and the same with wheat.

Those worms are going to be a big issue.

We've seen it with our dual purpose weed.

Our growers that have already had wheat planted in.

We've seen it with some of our late summer pastures.

The armyworms are really thick this year.

And, so, growers need to be really timely

in getting any sorta' control measure out on their canola,

'cause really young seedling canola

can't take a whole lotta' armyworm pressure,

especially at seedling to first true leaf.

We really have to make sure we're timely,

because they'll, literally, just chop off

that canola plant at the soil level,

and it just has a tough time coming back from that.

So, making sure we get a lotta' growth upfront.

You know, setting that good root system,

getting everything ready for a winter

that may be a lil' cooler than normal,

then that's really the best thing growers can do right now

to set us up for a good harvest in '19.

>>> You, actually, have a conference coming up

that's a little bit different from the conferences

that you've had in the past.

Kinda' walk us through what's going on with that.

>>> Yeah, so what we're gonna have this year is,

we're calling it the All-Crops Conference.

And, so, what this is is it's kind of a,

an interest from Oklahoma State,

as well as all of our commodity groups,

as well as the NRCS in the state of Oklahoma.

And, it's not necessarily gonna take the place

of No-Till Conference, but we're gonna try it out.

It's gonna be around that same time,

in February 19th and 20th.

And what we're doing is we're moving away from

looking solely at conservation

and looking at conservation and crop management

from a whole system perspective.

And, it doesn't matter if you're a wheat farmer,

a cotton grower, sorghum, (banjo music)

corn, soybean, canola,

or if you wanna hear about conservation

and cover crops and soil health.

We're gonna have it all there.

>>> [Interviewer] Alrighty, thanks Josh.

>>> [Josh] Thank you.

>>> And for more information on that,

go to our website sunup.oakstate.edu.

go to our website sunup.oakstate.edu.

(moves into upbeat banjo music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> On last week's Cow-Calf Corner,

we visited a little bit about

growing bread replacement heifers.

Those that are going to calve next spring on wheat pasture.

But during the course of this week, received a question

about growing those soon-to-be weaned replacement heifers,

those that are going to go through a breeding season

next spring, and using wheat pasture in that situation.

We've done some research here at Oklahoma State University

looking at that very subject.

And what we did was put some heifers,

that had been weaned in the fall,

about the first week in December, out on wheat pasture,

and left them there

into and through the AI breeding season in April.

into and through the AI breeding season in April.

Half of the heifers, we actually remove from the wheat

three weeks prior to the breeding season

and put them in a dry lot on a self-feeder

with a ration that would mimic the same rate a gain

that the heifers that stayed out on wheat

should achieve during that same time period.

And, then, compare the reproductive

performance of those heifers.

What we found was that there was no difference,

no statistical difference in the way the heifers

actually conceived to artificial insemination

or to the eventual clean-up bulls in the breeding pasture

throughout the remainder of April and May.

Therefore, we can conclude that using a wheat pasture

is a growing program for replacement heifers

that are going to be bred next spring,

would and should work very, very well

for those producers that have that option available to them.

The one place where I think there can be some real concern,

is if we decide that we're going to remove the heifers

from this high-quality wheat pasture,

if we take those heifers off of wheat,

and, then, put them out on dormant, native

or Bermuda grass pastures

where they have a real decline

in the nutrition that they're receiving

just to and prior to the breeding season.

I think that's the place where sometimes

we get some disappointing breeding performances

and blame it, perhaps, on the wheat pasture,

but it was really the decline in nutrition right before

the start of the breeding season that caused the problem.

So, in answer to the question,

yes, I think we can use wheat pasture

as a growing program for those replacement heifers,

as long as we keep them growing

and continuing to gain weight

into and through the breeding season,

whether we stay on the wheat in a graze-out situation

or whether we move them to another pasture

and put them on a supplement that will keep them growing

and not losing significant weight

right at the start of the breeding season.

Keep that in mind, and I think you'll

have a successful breeding season

with those replacement heifers this year.

Hey we look forward to visiting with you again

next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Darryl Peel has been traveling around Oklahoma.

Darryl how is the situation looking for winter wheat

and grazing prospects this year?

>>> You know Oklahoma is extremely green

for this of the year, it's really quite amazing.

A lot of the wheat has already been planted,

and a lot of it is up, some of it is up very nicely,

so I think we're gonna have some early grazing.

This fall it looks really good.

Some folks are fighting some armyworm issues,

and that's always a challenge,

but it seems that producers are well on top that this year.

We're getting lots of wheat pasture and other forages

growing well too for this late season.

>>> Let's talk about the economics now of winter grazing,

how is that shaping up?

>>> You know the budgets I've run recently,

looking at winter grazing, really looked pretty attractive.

Now we've seen some changes in this stocker market

from a buying stand point.

Even with the higher prices the last week

or two the budgets still seem pretty good.

The futures market for spring, for feeder futures,

is offering an opportunity to lock in a margin it's

probably something that producers outta take a look at.

>>> Let's talk about feeder cattle prices a little bit,

and are they kinda following those seasonal patterns

that we see this time of year?

>>> Well September is kind of a question mark in Oklahoma.

The average seasonal pattern would be for feeder prices

to drop from August to September to an October low,

for the lighter weight calves especially.

We're really not seeing that right now,

and it can happen sometimes, when we do have

a lot of stocker demand develop early sometimes

the demand is little bit ahead of supply of fall calves that

are gonna to come to town over the next four to six weeks,

and so what we're seeing is these prices

have actually gone up a little bit.

I don't expect them to go up a lot more,

but it may mean that we won't see

the normal kind of decline as we go into October,

it may be more muted this year or more sideways.

>>> What kind of guidance are you giving

for stocker cattle buyers and sellers?

>>> Well from a buying standpoint, of course,

a lot of stocker buyers are looking for that October low,

and I guess, given what I just said,

we may not see as much of that opportunity.

That said, again, the budgets still look pretty attractive.

You can wait a little, if you want,

but I'm not sure it's gonna get a lot better

than it is now, it might get some better

here in another three or four weeks.

From a sellers standpoint, of course,

if you normally wean and sell in October,

we may not see the normal kinda seasonal low

these prices have held up pretty well.

With the late fall forage growth that we've had

some of these guys may actually

be pushing off that weaning date a little bit,

and there may be an opportunity for these markets

to actually start to pick back up a little bit after that.

>>> Okay, well keep us posted.

>>> Alright.

(lively instrumental music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hello, Wes Lee, with your weekly Mesonet weather report.

Fall arrived on September 22, and with it came

the first strong cold front of the season.

On Wednesday morning temperatures dropped

well below freezing in the higher elevations

of the northwestern states.

As the front moved across Oklahoma,

temperatures dropped by as much

as 17 degrees in places like Newkirk,

Foraker, and Nowata from the previous day.

Lows on September 26 reached into the 40's

in the Oklahoma panhandle at stations

such as Kenton, Boise City, and Eva.

Dramatic temperature changes like this

can be tough on newly weaned calves

or freshly delivered stocker cattle.

This cold front brought more than chilly temperatures;

with it came rain to one of the driest places

left in Oklahoma, the far southwest.

By noon on Wednesday, rain fall had delivered

significant moisture to nearly all of the Mesonet sites

in the southwest quarter of the state.

Places like Altus, Greenfield, Mangum, and Hulbert

all received well over an inch.

The highest amount was recorded at Apache,

which received almost two inches.

This rain, along with the record amounts received

last week, in the southeast,

have soil moisture levels looking pretty good.

This soil moisture map shows our deepest sensors

indicating that a majority of the state

is at 50-100% of storage capacity, down to 32 inches.

Next up is Gary with a summary

of the September weather events.

>>> Thanks Wes, and good morning everyone.

Well we certainly had an eventful weekend last week,

with Fittstown receiving the second highest

official rainfall total in Oklahoma history

at over 14 inches, and everybody else

got a pretty good dose too.

But believe it or not, we do still

have drought in Oklahoma.

Let's get right to the drought monitor map

and see what we have.

Well we still have those two core areas

of drought down in southwest Oklahoma.

For northeastern Oklahoma, that area

is solidly, severe drought, centered

on Osage and Washington Counties,

but we also have that moderate drought

and abnormally dry conditions surrounding that area,

and those are areas that are going into drought,

so we definitely need some rainfall in those areas.

And we'll take a look at the rainfall map

from the Mesonet for September and I'll show you

why we still have drought in those areas.

And also out in the far western panhandle.

On the rainfall map for September

from the Mesonet from the first to the 25,

does show a really large area of rain across

the southern two-third's of Oklahoma,

really from four to eight inches are widespread,

and then the humongous total from Fittstown, of 18.7 inches.

Certainly one of the highest September

rainfall totals in Oklahoma history.

Let's go to the departure from normal rainfall map.

Southwestern Oklahoma, the western panhandle

up into northeastern Oklahoma,

those are areas that were below normal

for the month, believe it or not.

Now some were right on the borderline,

but you can see down in south central Oklahoma,

those areas that were from five

to more than 10 inches above normal,

and there's Fittstown at 15.2 inches above normal,

at least through the 25th.

Now the good news for the drought

is we did have some rains that fell after

the Tuesday morning cut off to be considered

for the drought monitor.

So look for more improvements in the next map Thursday.

That's it for this time, we'll see you next time

on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(lively instrumental music)

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime at sunup.okstate.edu,

and also follow us on Youtube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout have a great week everyone,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at sun up.

(lively instrumental music)

 

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