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Phone: (405) 744-4065
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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

DASNR News black.png


Transcript for September 22, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Wheat approval process
  • OSU releases four new wheat varieties
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Starter applications for winter crops
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Pesticide disposal
  • Market Monitor
  • Naturally Speaking

 

(upbeat guitar music)

 

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to Sunup, I'm Lyndall Stout.

As Oklahoma farmers get seed in the ground

we starting our show today talking about varieties.

It is decision time for four potential new varieties

that have been in the works for years.

Sunup's Dave Deken got to sit in

on one step in the approval process.

 

Wheat approval process

>>> They actually start out at six.

The university has a certain procedure have been

in place for as long as I've been here.

And that is a cross-DASNR selection

of scientists and in some cases administrators.

13625.

Come together and form this committee

to collaborate what's been proposed.

The 13209 I kind of see as providing

value by decreasing the input.

And that's pretty typical I think across land grant

universities that have a university committee like this.

But it's the first hurdle that has to be crossed.

Before something can actually be released.

Well those are the four experimentals

and it's gonna be kind of hard to keep up

with these I realize that.

The first two numbers after the okay

indicate when we started testing.

The 13621 more in the panhandle

but also fits more central Oklahoma.

It's the pros that out weight some of those cons

that get us to this place today,

but no variety comes forward that

doesn't have some weakness to it.

>>> 209 that now with that disease resistant.

I was wondering about it in eastern Kansas.

>>> Yeah, it hasn't yielded top tier.

We have committee approval today

but we have to have institutional that is OAES,

Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station,

approval that comes from the director of that station.

That is Dr. Keith Owens.

And then once that happens

it's a matter of getting the seed down.

We're trying to beat this one with the stuff

we're talking about for the next two or three years

and it's just been tough to beat.

It's a showdown kind of week.

But we'll go through a year of ramping up seed production.

The amount of seed we have for any of these four

would not be enough to let them fly alone.

You know they need some help.

>>> Well if there is no other comments or questions

for Dr. Carver, we'll ask him to leave the room

for a little bit while we have our deliberations

and Brett if you don't mind just wait out front.

(upbeat guitar music)

 

OSU releases four new wheat varieties

>>> We're here with Oklahoma State

University wheat breeder Brett Carver

Brett, the committee just met and approved four

new wheat varieties, tell us about them.

>>> Yes it was a glorious moment.

I'll tell you because it's a long time

coming to get to this point.

Four is a lot, but we can go into just why there were four.

The plant materials release committee

is the name of the committee that meets and approves.

It goes to the formal process of approving.

Any variety release wheat or anything else.

>>> And normally you would do this

a little bit earlier in the year?

Tell us why it kinda took longer this time.

>>> Yeah, it is a little bit late

in the process to be doing this.

Normally we like would like to do it in February.

You know about the time the Oklahoma Crop

Improvement Association meeting,

but we just needed a little bit more time.

There was so many to think about,

there were more that we're not going to talk about.

That were not released.

So we had to kinda go through that decision making process

and we just took it to the bitter end.

And here we are at the end and now it's time to go.

>>> Well let's roll 'em out.

Let's talk about the first one.

It's called Showdown.

So tell us about the properties associated with this variety

and kind of the motivation for the name.

>>> If I can let me just kind of set up the whole set up

for because the numbers are a little bit staggering to me.

We've never done this before,

and right now you think gosh there's so many

wheat varieties out there anyway.

Why four?

And I almost look at it like an arms race.

This is arm release of wheat varieties being distributed

and disseminated by a lot of different parties.

Public and private,

and everybody thinks their variety is special.

You know, I can see that, but I think we're kind of past

that point of seeing our variety as special.

We want to see our varieties do something special.

And that's what each one of these four will do.

They do something special that the other ones do not do.

So with that kind of set up, the Showdown is more

the down the middle of the road.

Good, broad utility.

Harder winter wheat variety

that's going to go in a lot of places.

That's what it does special.

We don't have a variety usually

that can be adopted and grown and grown successfully.

And a wide geography.

Now, Bentley was one example of that,

and Lonerider's going to be another,

but we just haven't had very many of them.

Showdown is one.

>>> Okay, what's the next one?

>>> How bout Green Hammer?

By the suggestion of the name,

this is a good, green wheat variety in the face of stress,

and the stress is usually going to be

leaf rust or stripe rust.

With those two very common diseases in Oklahoma,

this variety has shown a very green canopy,

in other words, a very high level of resistance

to both diseases.

It's very important for our wheat producers in Oklahoma

to have that.

Unfortunately, we don't have that combination very commonly,

but we do in Green Hammer.

>>> Let's talk about Baker's Ann,

and that name is sort of special,

kind of named after our beloved first cowgirl.

>>> Exactly.

You know, it's about time we have something

that we can honor the first lady

of Oklahoma State University.

And, we've had some suggestions to do that,

and we wanted to have the right variety

to put with that name, and the right name to go with it too.

So, here we're talking about something

with the name Baker's in it, something that's,

not that any of our variety's are going to have

trouble in baking quality.

They're all very good, but this one is a standout,

a very high quality, premium baking variety

that I think is going to get some attention

well beyond the field and in the mill.

That's what I hope, and that's what I expect.

You know,

with our first lady,

first class lady and first class wheat variety,

I think those two just go hand-in-hand, Baker's Ann.

>>> And last but not least, true Oklahoma variety, Skydance?

>>> That's right.

You know it came from Oklahoma, with the name Skydance,

and that's what we wanted to communicate,

because the variety is already being used

outside of the state

as a high quality flour for artisan baking.

And we know, in addition to that artisan baking capability,

it has tortilla properties that are unusually good.

To combine that bread-making and tortilla combined,

baking characteristics into one variety,

that's been a real challenge up until now.

Skydance can do both, and can possibly

go into some of the organic acres

that might be picking up in the future.

We think that has some potential there.

>>> Now it takes, as you mentioned, years of work,

years of science, and lots of strategy

to get to this release point.

>>> It really does.

The first cross that was made for any of these varieties,

for Showdown specifically,

was 2005.

So, you know, you gotta go through a long process

of inbreeding and doing all this

work that, really, nobody sees.

You know, it's nothing that you see

in a wheat variety trial.

By the time you get to the wheat variety trials,

it's already been in the program for a decade.

And, these have been in the program that long,

but we still needed more time in those trials

to figure out just where they're gonna to fit best.

>>> So, what's next?

>>> That's part of what's next, Ann,

is still continuing to identify the best area of adaptation.

We have it mapped out right now,

but it's a little tentative,

and with more time and trials,

all four of those varieties together in the same trial,

which we haven't really done,

in the wheat variety trials, that is,

we're gonna be able to nail that area of adaptation

down a little bit better.

And they're all different. They're all different.

>>> Well, congratulations to you

and the entire wheat improvement team

on this very important milestone, and keep us posted.

>>> Sure will. Thank you very much.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Wes Lee, with your weekly Mesonet weather report.

The majority of the state has experienced

some heavy rainfall events

during the months of August and early September.

The aftermath of these rain events

was to leave behind some impressive humidity levels.

On this chart, we see the long-term, average, relative

humidity levels for August and September in the purple area.

The red line shows the relative humidity levels

for the state in 2018.

They have been running about 15% higher

than normal, recently.

After experiencing a cooler than normal August,

the slightly warmer than normal temperatures

reached earlier this week came as a shock.

Theses temperatures,

coupled with the high relative humidity,

have given us a very uncomfortable heat index.

On Tuesday, September the 18th,

we had a heat index levels top out

in the high 90s and low 100s.

The highest number for the day was Valliant,

that reached 105 degrees Fahrenheit.

True autumn-like conditions will be arriving soon.

For those gardeners out there,

now is the time to finish planting cool-season crops,

such as garlic, spinach, and fescue.

It will not be long now

until we start seeing freezing temperatures.

This map shows the average first freeze date

for the different parts of the state.

The panhandle usually gets its first freeze

around the middle of October

while the rest of the state is usually the end of October

or early November.

Now here's Gary, talking about the lack of recent rains

in the southeast.

>>> Thanks Wes, good morning everyone.

Well, right when we think we're out of trouble

with the dry weather, it stops raining

for a couple of weeks, it gets hot again,

and we're right back in it.

Let's take a look at the latest drought monitor report

and see where we're at.

The trouble we're in this week

is that area in yellow across southeast Oklahoma

where they become pretty dry over the last 30 to 45 days.

Now, we still have those core areas of drought

in southwest Oklahoma and also some severe drought

up in northeast Oklahoma centered on Osage

and Washington counties.

But that southeastern area's where we're looking

at drought starting to develop.

They've been dry since really going back to mid August.

If we take a look at the 30 day rainfall map,

now this is from August 20th through September 18th.

The rainfall from the Oklahoma Mesonet,

we can see much of southeast Oklahoma

less than an inch of rainfall

and Wistor and Le Flore County,

they've had barely any rainfall at all.

In fact it registers 0.0 on the map.

Now the other dry areas of course

across western Oklahoma down into south central Oklahoma,

scattered areas of dryness.

This shows up much better on the percent

of normal rainfall map from the Oklahoma Mesonet

for the same time frame, but again,

the large area of reds and oranges

across southeast Oklahoma up into east central Oklahoma,

those are the areas we're worried about,

and those are the areas that are now

in abnormally dry conditions for the most part,

which can signal either areas coming into drought

or out of drought.

We do see a possibility of a cool down starting next week,

and we do see a bulge of increased probabilities

of below normal temperatures

extending down into the southern plains

from the northern plains.

That's it for this time,

we'll see you next time on the Mesonet weather report.

 

Starter applications for winter crops

>>> Wheat's going in the ground across Oklahoma,

and actually it's starting to emerge in parts of the state.

Brian, what are some of the things that producers

can be doing to help benefit the crop?

>>> So right now you got a couple things

to be paying attention to,

one is your just nitrogen fertility,

two is your phosphorus and potassium,

primarily our macronutrients in PK, no others.

Hopefully you've gotten an opportunity

to get out and get a soil sample and you're

taking care of any of those nutrient deficiencies

that the soil sample shows.

If not and you're running in just a standard

protocol procedure,

I still like to look at putting in a starter down

with the wheat.

A little bit of starter is going to benefit

in some of the areas that will have low phosphorus

because the average is right at okay.

Same thing with pH,

if your pH is in that five six to 6.0

on the composite sample,

I would still go put it in a starter

'cause more than likely there's gonna be areas

of the field that are low.

Caution though, we can only out so much fertilizer

with the seed when we put it down.

Fertilizer has a salt to it,

so we don't wanna get over those limits.

We have some fact sheets and apps that walk you through

you know, depending on row spacing and source,

how much you fill with seed.

One source we would like to avoid is urea,

especially in a dry soil that's sandy,

urea will release ammonia gas as it dissolves

and turns from urea into ammonia,

and that can harm the seed.

>>> Say your producer didn't do the starter out with that,

talk about some of the options throughout the growth cycle

of the wheat plant,

what can they do then?

>>> So, if you weren't able to get starter down

and you really have a deficiency out there,

a phosphorus deficiency,

there's still an opportunity really quickly

to get over the top of it with 18460,

so DAP, diammonium phosphate or monoammonium phosphate 1152,

and get it on that phosphorus will still dissolve

and get near the root surfaces,

but let's make that fast if we're worried about phosphorus.

On the nitrogen side,

what we have to look at this year,

we're starting the year with great moisture.

Our last couple of years was great moisture,

so where do you want your bank to sit,

the decisions on nitro management right now

is do I wanna bank early that we're gonna have moisture

all through the season and front load up,

and hope that I either have moisture that reach a yield,

or not have so much moisture I lose,

which is fine, just know your yield goal,

the efficiencies on front loading nitrogen

is poorer than running in season.

If you're gonna say take a little more cautious approach,

and not put everything up front,

highly recommend the N-rich strips,

have them out there so if the weather does go well,

you know when that crop's responsive,

we have the data, we have the research that shows

that irregardless of when it shows up,

whether it's November, December, January, February,

or even March, we can recover and reach full yield,

and the later you wait for that nitrogen to be applied

gettin' it in to February or March,

the more yield you're gonna get per pound of nitrogen,

and more than likely the better quality.

>>> So just real briefly,

without the orange coat on,

give us just a brief lesson of what nitrogen does

for plant, what phosphorus and all of that,

just real briefly, what do they do?

>>> So nitrogen is your basic building block

of DNA, amino acids, it's a major component of chlorophyll.

So without nitrogen you have yellow stunted plants.

You don't have chlorophyll activity and it's small.

Phosphorus it's our powerhouse.

ATP it helps move energy around in the plant.

Without phosphorus we're gonna

have stunted plants with a purple look.

Potassium is important in cell function

and in stomatal opening and closing.

So it's great regulator for drought

and water moisture in and out.

K is going to have a little bit of a stunted plant

and you're also gonna have yellowing on the tips.

All old growth for N, P, and K.

>>> So if producers have questions about those

There are apps. There are fact sheets.

But also they can visit with their county extension office.

>>> Absolutely.

The county extension office has great resources

to go in learn about managing soil fertility.

Your different options your methods your rates.

>>> Well thank you very much Brian.

And for more information on any of those go to our website

sunup.okstate.edu.

(mellow guitar and drum music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Oklahoma cow-calf producers that have spring calving

operations have bred some replacement heifers last spring.

And so we've got those bred-replacement heifers

going through a good summer.

Obviously in many cases with adequate forage

to where they're gaining a proper amount

during the course of the summer.

But we must keep them gaining as they go through

the fall and winter months.

So that they're in that target body condition of about a six

at the time that they calve next January or February.

That means that these heifers must continue to grow

at the rate of at least one pound per head per day.

Assuming they're in good body condition

as they come outta the summer months.

If those heifers are grazing say Bermuda grass

or native pastures one of the warm seasons

as the quality of that grass deteriorates

here in the late summer or early fall months

we would expect to need to get some additional protein

into those heifers.˙

Usually it'll take about two pounds

of a high-protein supplement.

Something that's 38-44% crude protein will do the job.

To keep those heifers growing through the fall months.

Now once winter comes and we have the stress of cold weather

as well as in some cases some snow or ice on the ground

then we'll have to shift over and give those heifers

a higher energy supplement.

Perhaps a 20% range cube and this will probably mean

four or five pounds per head per day.

To keep those heifers growing at that rate

of one pound per head per day.

Some of you may have wheat pasture available

for a supplement for these bred-replacement heifers.

I think it can be used but it must be used judiciously.

We here at Oklahoma State University have looked

at growing bred-replacement heifers using wheat pasture.

And have found that if we leave them on the wheat pasture

full-time they'll gain over three pounds a head per day.

Get very very fleshy and by the time calving season

rolls around they're a little too fat.

And it just increases calving difficulty.

But the way to use wheat pasture is to alternate days

that the heifers have a chance to graze that wheat pasture.

As a maximum I would say to put them on wheat pasture

one day and off on a dry pasture, Bermuda grass

or native grass on the alternate days.

We want to remember it is very important

that these replacement heifers

be in that body-condition score of about a six.

In other words heifers that just look blooming to us

have good body condition so that they will raise

a healthy calf, they'll be a reproductively-sound cow

that stays in sync with the rest of the cow heard.

And therefore have a chance to give you a profitable cow

in the future to help out in the long run.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again

next week on SUNUPS Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Pesticide disposal

>>> It's that time of year again.

A little housekeeping for unwanted pesticides

that you may not know what to do with.

Here's an opportunity for safe disposal.

>>> Some pesticides can become unusable.

They're all different.

There's not really an expiration date.

But overtime they will degrade.

Some will not become mixable.

So definitely they can become unusable or quote go bad.

On some extent.

Definitely don't wanna go out and pour 'em

by the fence post.

As everything else we're a lot more

environmentally-conscious.

They need to be disposed of properly.

So luckily now we have this unwanted-pesticide disposal

program to make sure they go to the right place.

The Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry

or ODF as we like to call 'em shorthand.

Was able about, going on 12 years ago

to get a fee on registered pesticides

that goes in and funds this disposal program

and that will take care of any

unwanted, unusable, old pesticides

and dispose of that properly

through a hazardous waste company

and make sure they go the right way

and we keep 'em outta the ditches and the fence posts

and that kinda thing.

Nobody wants to harm, whether it's their land,

whether it's soil, water, those kinda things.

And improperly disposed of, these products can cause,

especially some of the very old products,

that could cause a major concern versus,

you know, even the new ones we wanna make sure

they're disposed of properly.

We'll be holding the next event,

will be September 26th in Woodward

at the Woodward County Fairgrounds.

We'll run the event from eight o'clock to one o'clock.

You show up, bring it, drop it off, and there's no cost.

There is a limit up to 2000 pounds,

free if it's up to 2000 pounds,

so that's very important

to make sure you stay within that limit.

You'll show up, drop that,

the hazardous waste company will pack that off

and they'll pack it away and send it off properly

to take care of it.

Everything from a little homeowner size

up to the large farm shuttles and those kinda things

are eligible to come,

as long as they're pesticides.

(country music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> There wasn't much action in the grain markets this week.

And Kim, so what should producers be aware of?

>>> Well I think they've gotta be aware

of what's going on in the corn and soybean harvest

and of course their prices.

The Black Sea region continues to be in the news,

relative to both wheat and corn.

And then you've got

the Argentine and Australian wheat crops,

those harvests will start in the near future.

>>> So let's start with corn and beans.

How's harvest progressing?

>>> Well, if you look at the U.S. harvest for corn,

it's probably right around 10%.

I think it came in at 9% on the 16th report,

so it's probably above 10 right now.

The soybeans came in at 6% harvested,

so they're probably up around 10 now.

So they're, what the story is on them is

we're just getting started.

>>> So have corn and bean prices bottomed out?

>>> I think from looking at the patterns on the prices

and reading what's going in the market and with corn yields,

they're coming in just slightly less than expected

and the general talk is

the U.S.D.A. may have those yields too high.

It looks we may be on the bottoms,

they hammered 'em down pretty hard, they're at new lows,

they both established new lows this week,

and then recovered off of that.

So the general consensus is,

is that we're at or near the bottom

of the corn and bean prices.

>>> As always, there's continued talks

with the Russian wheat production and exports,

so tell us what's going on in the Black Sea region.

>>> Well there's just a lot of uncertainty

about Russian wheat production.

You know, you look at the WASDE,

they raised it up about a hundred million bushels

this last report.

There's questions about the quality of the Russian wheat.

We know that there was some sprout damage in some areas

and that's gonna lower your milling quality.

There's also talk that the Ukrainian wheat production

may be slightly higher than we expected.

You got Russia, their exports are projected

to be down 236 million bushels this year.

Now, that's good news for the U.S.

The Ukraine could take up some of that,

but right now the Ukraine production prediction

is for a decline of 50 million bushels in export.

So, there's a lot going on there

and there's a lot of uncertainty coming outta that market

and that's causing our prices to be more volatile.

>>> So all in all, have wheat prices bottomed out,

do you think?

>>> I hope they have, you know.

we took about a dollar and 10 cents off the wheat price,

we've recovered about 25 cents of that.

It appears to me that they've stabilized.

A lot's gonna depend on the exports

outta that Russian market.

Is Russia gonna put a limit on their exports?

And if they do, then are prices'll go on up.

And then you've got the Australian

and the Argentine crops coming up.

Australia's will start harvesting the middle of October

and Argentine in the middle of November.

Argentine's crop's probably coming in about average.

Australia's is well below average.

>>> Alrighdy, thanks Kim.

Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist

at Oklahoma State University.

(country music)

 

Naturally Speaking

>>> As we enter late summer and early Fall,

people often encounter sick deer,

especially deer hanging out around water sources

like creeks and ponds.

This is often a symptom of a group of viruses

called Blue Tongue, or more specifically,

Hemorrhagic Diseases.

And there's several viruses that have very similar symptoms

that are hard distinguish.

They affect deer in the late summer and early fall

because they're transmitted by biting midges,

small flies such as no-see-ums.

And these insects reach their highest numbers

in late summer.

And so, typically when a deer

becomes infected with these diseases,

they'll become lethargic, feverish,

they'll urinate a lot so they'll hang out around water,

they will often have swollen tongue or head,

they might have ulcers that you might be able to see,

especially on the tongue, and the animals just,

they act like they don't feel very well.

So if you encounter deer this time of year,

you should suspect that it's one of these viruses.

While the deer often will die from the disease,

but not always, it's not a risk to humans.

These diseases cannot be transmitted to people.

They can be transmitted to cattle,

although typically, cows aren't as at risk,

depending on which virus it is.

But if you suspect that your livestock

may be infected by one of these viruses,

you can contact your vet for specific information.

But while it's not typically a significant disease in cattle

and it's not a risk to humans,

it can cause pretty significant reductions

in deer populations,

sometimes as much as 25% in a local area.

And it make take a few years

for that deer herd to bounce back.

There's really nothing you can do about the disease

except report it.

So contact the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation

if you find dead or dying animals.

(country music)

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

A reminder, you can find us anytime at sunup.okstate.edu

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Have a great week everyone

and remember, Oklahoma Agriculture start at SUNUP.

 

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