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Oklahoma State University
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Phone: (405) 744-4065
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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for September 15, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Pecan insect update
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Information on value added cattle programs
  • Market Monitor
  • Food Whys
  • Technology enhancements in the dairy industry
  • Noble County fair

 

(upbeat music)

 

>>> Hello, everyone, and welcome to SUNUP, I'm Lyndall Stout.

We join you this week from

the Noble County Free Fair in Perry,

where the ninetieth annual fair is well under way.

We'll have more from here in just a moment,

but first we're talking about Oklahoma's pecan crop.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair caught up with

our extension entomologist, Phil Mulder.

 

Pecan insect update

>>> With the spots throughout the state

that have seen a lot of rain,

that's been positive and also some negative sides

with that in regards to some insects.

>>> Yes, and, for the most part,

we've had really good results

in terms of kernel fill and kernel production.

The rains can produce some problems with weevils.

Pecan weevil is our number one pest

as far as pecans are concerned,

and when we have heavy rains in that period

of August to July, even as early as July,

but August through even October,

we can experience problems with pecan weevil.

This year, it occurred right on schedule

and it occurred at a time when

we were really getting out of that water stage

and going into the dough stage which is perfect

for weevil over position, or egg-laying.

>>> Talk a little bit about how

the weevils actually impact the crop.

Are they feeding on the pecans,

or is it something with the bark, how does that work?

>>> When they emerge from the ground as adults,

they do get up in the tree.

They can feed on about a quarter of a nut every day,

so you'd get one nut affected over a four day period.

The amount of feeding is minimal.

If you've got a decent crop, we don't really worry

too much about feeding damage.

The main damage, or the primary damage,

comes from the over position,

the egg-laying activity of the females.

During her lifetime, she can lay anywhere

from 50 to maybe 75 eggs.

If you do the math, obviously she can affect several pecans,

and it's not like there's one or two out there.

There's literally thousands out there

in an orchard this size.

If you have a dry situation where it may be

a little droughty in some sense,

you can experience aphid populations.

A lot of the weevil insecticides,

most of these chemistries will cause aphid flare-ups,

so that first application of a weevil insecticide

can cause you to get into some problems with aphids.

>>> That was gonna be my next question, is management.

What would you recommend to the producers out there

for managing both aphids and weevils?

>>> What we really tell 'em is

pay attention to the maturity of the pecan.

Once it's into that dough stage,

that's when the weevils are really going to be active

in terms of laying those eggs in those pecans.

Make a treatment at that time.

That's almost not based on a threshold

but it's accurate enough in a heavy rain period

that we know it's going to control

the first emergence of weevil.

The second emergence, that second application,

should be based upon trapping.

If you're trapping adequately

and your numbers tell you that it's time to treat again,

you're probably gonna have to make a second application.

In some cases, you may make as many as four applications.

>>> All right, thanks Phil.

If you would like some more information

about pecan weevils, go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> After a good summer across much of Oklahoma,

most of the cows should be in pretty good body condition

going into the fall and winter season.

But, virtually on every ranch some place,

there'll be those two or three-year-olds,

those young cows, that came out of summer

a little thinner than we'd like,

and therefore we're concerned about

their body condition as they go into the winter.

You see, there was research done at South Dakota State

back in the nineties where they looked at

two different weaning dates for cows that were

a little below the desired amount of body condition

as they came to the first part of September.

Then, they followed those cows

through the upcoming winter, the calving season,

and then the subsequent breeding season.

First thing they noted was that the cows

that were early weaned, even though they

were on the same pasture, got the same feed

throughout the wintertime, they were half a condition score

better in terms of body condition

going into December and January.

The cows that were early weaned,

there was about a nine percent difference,

in there favor in terms of percentage of those cows cycling

at the start of the next breeding season.

So, as you see on this particular data sheet there was

83 percent of those cows cycling

compared there to only 74 percent of the cows

that were more traditionally weaned.

But perhaps, more important,

was the difference they found in the cows

that actually conceived to the artificial insemination

in that first go around.

70 percent of the cows,

that were early weaned,

that had that little advantage in body condition,

at the start of the breeding season,

as compared to only 35 percent,

that's half as many of those cows

that actually conceived artificial insemination.

A lot of those that were later weaned actually caught up

and you see that there was about a weeks difference

in the average conception date and therefore,

average calving date the following year.

That means that they had more calves

that were actually bread to artificial insemination.

Plus, the entire calf crop, was a week older

at the time that they'll be weaned the following year

and should be a little bit heavier.

So I think that there are some advantages

for those situations where you've got some young cows,

give them that chance

throughout the remainder of September and October

to regain body condition before the Winter months set in.

I think that'll be helpful to you and your bottom line.

We look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUPS Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Pre-data shows that the beef exports

are looking pretty strong

Daryl, where are we seeing those strong markets?

>>> Well, really across the board.

In all of our major markets.

Beef exports were up nearly 17 percent in July,

compared to last year.

There up about 15 percent for the year-to-date.

We're running very strong.

Japan is our number one market.

All of the top five markets are up for the year-to-date.

So, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Canada

and Hong Kong is number five.

Now, on the lasts months data, Hong Kong dropped sharply

and that one has me a little concerned.

It's actually dropped the last 3 months,

but it started off really strong early in the year.

So going forward we have to watch that market,

but in general,

we're in solid shape across the board.

>>> Let's look at the other side of that..

Are we seeing any impacts on the import markets?

>>> Well, beef imports have been pretty steady this year.

They were actually down slightly in July

and they're up just fractionally for the year-to-date.

So we haven't seen a lot of increase in those markets.

We import, primarily, trimmings type product

or processing beef that's used for our ground beef market.

New Zealand, Canada's slightly bigger as a source.

Not all of that is processing beef.

Some of that is muscle cuts.

New Zealand is number two.

Australia's number three.

Many years Australia's our biggest importer,

but they haven't been lately.

They're still struggling from an earlier drought

to get production back up to level.

Now, they're struggling again with drought.

We expect them to have trouble for the foreseeable future.

>>> What are the grazing prospects

for cattle like this across Oklahoma?

>>> This may be the best year we've seen in a number of years,

I think, in terms of conditions to get wheat pasture.

There's a lot of excitement out in the country

about the potential for wheat for grazing.

Now, lots of things can happen too.

It's never a given at this point,

but folks are getting geared up.

The market's actually look pretty attractive right now.

Done some early budgeting work.

There's an opportunity to buy cattle here this Fall,

at this point in time.

There's opportunities actually to price in a margin

relative to next Spring.

Producers have an opportunity here.

Some producers are gonna wait to buy,

hoping for that seasonal decline into October

here over the next month or so.

I'm not sure that's gonna happen this year 'cause

we may have a lot of demand for these light weight calves.

They're a pretty attractive buy right now.

So, I'd watch this market

and be prepared to move at any time

given the conditions that we have.

>>> So, the Oklahoma cattle producer moves on the cattle

to put on the wheat pasture,

wheat pasture doesn't quite work out,

what does hay look like for those producers?

>>> There's a bit of a question mark,

but the USDA estimates at this point

are for hay production to be down a little bit in 2018.

Moreover, we had a sharp decline in hay stocks on May one,

which was the beginning of the hay marketing year.

Hay could be an issue this year.

In fact, even from a cow-calf standpoint,

some of this wheat pasture

may get used to help us deal with

some relative shortages of hay this Winter.

>>> Okay.

Thank you much David Peele, livestock marketing specialist,

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Wes Lee here with your weekly Mesonet weather report.

A producer this week asked me if the cool weather

was going to affect his soybean crop from maturing properly.

So I thought we would take a look

at weather conditions as they relate to soybean production.

Clouds have dominated the Oklahoma skies

over most of this summer.

This map shows solar radiation, or sunlight intensity,

around noon on Wednesday morning.

Full sunlight would be generating

between 900 and 1100 watts per meter squared

this time of year.

Here we have numbers between 200 and 500

over most of the state.

Looking at the entire year, we see the percent sunshine

has been mostly below normal since about the middle of June.

However, we also see the much higher than normal sunlight

from the middle of April through early June.

Average temperatures have followed a similar trend.

At the Fairview Mesonet station, 2018 temperatures

have been near or below the long term average

from middle June on, but much higher than normal

earlier in the growing season.

Degree days are our best indicator

of how a plant is developing.

For soybeans at Fairview, we have accumulated

about 4100 degree days for long season beans,

and 2800 for short season beans.

Both of these numbers are well

above the previous five year average.

This indicates to us, that at least until now,

beans should be on a normal development course.

Now here's Gary talking

about the state's disappearing drought.

>>> Thanks, Wes, and good morning everyone.

While we've certainly made great strides against the drought

over the last four to five weeks,

and that's continued this week.

Let's get straight to the new drought monitor map

and see what we have.

We still have two core areas of drought left in the state.

We see a little bit of extreme drought,

that red left and extreme southern

Jackson and Tillman counties.

We also have another area of drought

up in northeast Oklahoma, centered on Osage County.

Some of that area along the Arkansas border

does need to get some rain fall pretty quickly,

because they are starting to sink back

into pretty large deficits.

Now we can see those two drought areas pretty well

on the Departure from Normal Rainfall map

from the Mesonet for the current water year,

but we can see down in southwest Oklahoma,

a good 10 to nearly 14 inches below normal in some places.

And up in northeast Oklahoma, centered on Osage County,

the Mesonet site at Wynona is 14.2 inches below normal.

This is shown pretty well with the percent of normal

solar radiation map from the Oklahoma Mesonet

for September first through September 11th.

Some of those areas across south central

up into central Oklahoma are seeing

30 to 40% of normal, or percent of possible sunshine

through that time period.

That is in fact across the state as a whole,

the darkest or least sunny period on record

for the Mesonet history dating back to 1994

when the Mesonet began, of course.

So I've gotten lots of great help during September,

and now it's planting season.

We need that sun to come back for just a little bit.

I know there are some areas of the state

that still need help with rainfall,

but hopefully we can dry out for a little bit,

get that planting done, and allow folks

to prepare their fields, and then we get back

to a little bit more rainy pattern,

hopefully as we go through the rest of fall.

So that's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet weather report.

 

Information on value added cattle programs

>>> We're joined by Dave Lalman,

our extension beef cattle specialist.

Dave, it's been raining, we have wheat coming up,

and people are starting to make

some marketing decisions when it comes to their cattle.

>>> Yeah, it's the time of year

when people are thinking about weaning their calves,

and what vaccines to give, and how to manage them.

And so, we thought it would be a good time to

remind people about the marketing advantages

of having a good herd health program in place.

>>> So, just for people who are maybe new to this concept,

talk about the Oklahoma Quality Beef Network.

It's been around now for quite a few years.

What's the concept there?

What's the premise?

>>> So the overall concept is to build trust

among the cow calf producer and the person

who buys the cattle, whether it's a stocker, producer,

or a feed yard owner, and trust that the animals

have been managed in a way to minimize health problems

going forward as much as possible.

That's the overall concept.

It turns out, it has market value

because on average last year, the tens live stock sales

held with OQBN calves, the premium

averaged almost $15 per hundred weight.

>>> So that really adds up, and now you've got

years of data to support that, right?

>>> There's been a premium every year.

Of course the highest premium was 2014

when cattle prices were so high, but

But roughly, it looks like the premium

sort of goes with cattle prices,

so if you're investing in an expensive commodity

you want to have the most assurance as possible

that those animals will stay healthy

and therefore, apparently,

that premium goes up along with the price.

Not only is it worth it, but many people

are already doing these management practices, anyway,

so why not go ahead and take a step

to certify your calves

to assist in building that trust?

It's more difficult for someone with 10, 20,

even 100 head of calves to do that,

and so the Oklahoma Quality Beef Network is one way

to help level the playing field

for people that don't have the opportunity

to market their calves in bigger bunches

andit's more difficult to develop a reputation

for quality management if you have fewer animals.

>>> This time of year, we talk about weaning dates

and sale dates.

Get us up to speed.

>>> Well the first weaning date was this week,

and so we are under way.

If folks are interested, they just need to go to the website

and check out the weaning dates and the sale dates.

So those weaning dates are,

well several of them here in September.

Folks can contact their extension educators.

They'll be well aware of how to get in touch

with the area livestock specialists

who are serving as sort of the coordinators

for their region for that OQBN program.

>>> Okay, great, thank a lot Dave.

And for more information on the upcoming sale dates

and the OQBN program in general,

just go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(light guitar music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> The latest WASDE report came out on Wednesday

and Kim, there were some numbers that moved on that report.

Give us kind of a walkthrough of the commodities

>>> Well if you look at corn,

slightly lower planted and harvested acres,

but the big number was 181.3 bushels per acre production.

They raised that about four bushels per acre,

that's a record.

However, with lower planted and harvested acres,

there are about 14.8 billion bushels production,

that's the second highest in record.

They raised ending stocks slightly

from last month to 1.8 billion bushels,

but it's still well below last year's 2 billion.

Not much changes in the world numbers.

You look at soybeans, a record 52 bushels per acre

of production at 4.7 billion bushels,

that's up from 4.4 last year.

Third year in a row we've had record bean production.

Ending stocks, 845 million bushels up from 395 last year.

Over 100 percent increase in U.S. soybean ending stocks.

Slightly higher production in the world,

no change in consumption so world ending stocks

are projected to increase from 3.5 billion bushels

to four this year, most of that being in the U.S.

If you look at cotton,

minor changes in yield, slightly lower.

Slightly lower production in the world,

slightly lower production at 1.6 percent.

Just not much happening in cotton.

>>> So that's the crop numbers there.

How has that impacted the prices?

>>> Well if you look at corn,

that's where you had an impact, on corn.

Corn prices were down about 14 cents.

Soybean prices were actually up eight cents

and for bean prices, that's not much

but it was in the right direction.

Cotton prices, just no move at all.

>>> How has that changed

what you've expected the prices to be?

>>> Well I was talking last week about

I was optimistic for corn prices to move on higher.

I'm still optimistic that corn prices can move higher

as we go out into the marketing year.

Soybean prices, I was very pessimistic last week.

I was thinking with the impact on China

that everything was just negative with beans.

I'm feeling a little more optimistic,

which means I'm only slightly pessimistic with bean prices.

And cotton prices, when they were up around 90 cents

I felt they needed to come down.

I think they're getting down now

to an area of where they could stabilize

and we may see them stay about where they are.

>>> Now we're out here,

Dr. Carver's actually planting research wheat

as we speak behind us.

You didn't mention any wheat prices in there.

Where are we with the wheat and how's it look?

>>> Well if you look at the WASDE,

there was no change in the U.S. WASDE numbers for wheat,

slight changes for the wheat.

However, our wheat prices were hammered lower after that

and I think it's because we had slight increases

in Russian and Kazakhstan production.

We had lower production in Canada,

lower production in Australia,

about 3 million metric ton there,

but we had 3 million metric ton increase

in Russia and Kazakhstan

and the wheat price expectations

were still well above the market

and I think we haven't had wheat demand.

Our exports for hard red winter wheat,

export sales are 40 percent below last year

in the USDA's prediction of one percent decline

in exports from last year.

That just doesn't add up

and it sure doesn't add up to higher prices.

>>> What makes the price of wheat so sensitive

to those little adjustments in the market?

>>> Well, it's Russia, it's where it is.

Their production was estimated to be 2.4 billion.

They raised it from two-five to two-six this time.

World production is still less than world use.

World hard wheat production is still less than wheat.

So if we were short a protein and quality wheat

going into the '18 crop, we're gonna have to be,

because we're using it all up this year into the '19 crop.

So I'm optimistic.

I was looking at $5 wheat. I said,

"You give me quality, I'll give you $5 wheat."

I'm looking at you give me quality,

"I'll give you at least $5.50 next year."

>>> Okay, there you go.

Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(guitar music)

 

Food Whys

>>> Today we're gonna talk about

the new trend called Cowboy Cooking.

Now I'm not talking about the type of cooking

you might do at an OSU tailgate party

right before a football game.

Cowboy Cooking involves making a meal simply

with as little equipment as possible,

and possibly even without a kitchen.

Think about biscuits, cobbler, beans, and meat.

It also can be a one pot cooking,

or just using a grate over a grill or even a fire,

a Dutch oven, or even a cast iron skillet.

Cowboy Cooking involves just simple ingredients,

but getting kind of creative such as

with a smokey flavor, using that grilled flavor

in whatever dish you're making.

Most of the time staples such as

flour, sugar, onions and celery, steak meat, and potatoes

can be used in Cowboy Cooking.

It's believed that the Chuck Wagon

was a way to help get good help

back in the Civil War when you needed a cowboy

to help drive cattle back in the Old West.

If you fed them well then they would stay and do the job.

We're seeing this trend because it's a way to slow down

and do things by hand as well as do things simply.

For more information about the food industry

download our app at fapc.biz

or go to sunup.okstate.edu

 

Technology enhancements in the dairy industry

>>> Talking dairy production now,

and how new technology is not only

helping with the comfort level of cattle,

but also helping to improve the bottom line.

SUNUP's Dave Deken explains.

>>> In the mid-70s we had over 3,000 dairies in Oklahoma.

Now we only have about 164,

but still almost identical cow numbers.

We're still above 40,000 milk cows in the state.

It's just being milked on fewer dairies,

and then average size of the dairy is growing,

and that's just the economy and efficiency of size.

>>> Advances in technology have helped

the Oklahoma dairy industry maintain its

productivity over the years.

>>> The drastic changes since I've been here

both in the quality of the cattle

and the amount of production that they can give,

and the technology that we have available out there now,

of being able to track conductivity in the milk,

and detect health issues long before they happen,

all the way to these Insentec feeders

that we can track every bite of feed

and digitally record it in the computer,

and track her water consumption,

and digitally record what she weighs twice a day,

and then also have her milk production from every day.

>>> Like many industries around the world

looking for efficiencies in the

process helps the bottom line.

When the cornerstones of your business are

highly specialized and can weigh up to a ton each,

you want them to contribute as much as they can

at the lowest level of stress.

>>> And that's been our intent with this barn,

is to build a very comfortable barn

that they don't have to walk a long ways to their feed,

and that they're always cool and comfortable.

And hopefully we will lead to longevity

just by making the cow more comfortable.

>>> Healthier cattle that produce longer

are not only good for the bottom line,

they're good for everyone, even the end consumer.

Changes in comfort of the animals and efficiencies

are working their way through the industry.

>>> Not only can we still improve production,

which we have room for it,

as the robotics are put in here

that cow will be milked more times a day,

therefore she'll give more milk.

But we also feel like she'll be a healthier cow, too,

because she never lets so much

pressure build up on her udder.

So it will be actually a better

healthier product in the end

as we're making her a healthier cow as well.

 

Noble County fair

>>> Finally today

we love county fairs

because each one is unique.

And Noble County is no exception.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair shows us an event

that mixes in a little safety with all the fun.

>>> This week at the fair we have several community events.

We have the bucket calf show later on this evening,

we have the beef cattle show this evening.

Tomorrow we have a livestock judging contest.

We do a lot of things that involve the youth.

>>> Well, this morning I did the tractor driving contest.

I grew up around tractors,

I've been around tractors all my life.

My grampa owned a construction company,

and I just basically learned how to do that,

and whenever I got into the Morrison FFA chapter they said,

"Hey! You wanna do the tractor driving contest?"

It's like, sure why not, I've done it all my life.

>>> First they have to take a written test.

Once they've done that they come through a driving portion.

There's a safety check and then there's a time limit,

and the cones so they have a course

that they have to drive forward through,

then turn around and do backward.

>>> It's just a little more challenging than driving

them big tractors back home in the fields.

>>> You have to pull through it,

then you have to back back through it

and then the backing part's pretty hard.

>>> This is not something that you can

just wake up to and decide to go do.

You have to spend some time practicing.

When you're used to driving operating equipment

that is a lot larger then you squish

to a smaller piece of equipment or size,

your dynamics are off.

The pitch of the tractor is different,

the turning radius is different.

>>> Some things I like about coming to this fair is

you get to be with people that you know

and that you actually can relate with

that are in your county.

People that sometimes you don't see very often.

You can go and say "Oh, we got this"

and then bring them to the show and then you're like,

"Well, how did that go?"

>>> It's a county event for all age groups.

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime at SUNUP.okstate.edu

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

From the Noble County Fair in Perry, I'm Lyndall Stout.

Have a great week everyone, and remember:

Oklahoma Agriculture Starts at SUNUP.

(exit guitar music

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