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Transcript for September 1, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Sugarcane aphids & armyworm pressure
  • Testing for nitrate toxicity
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Preparing for wheat planting
  • Market Monitor
  • Food Whys


>>> Hello everyone

and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

County fair season is well underway in Oklahoma

and we are so happy to join you this week

from the Payne County Fair,

where Four-H-ers and FFA members

are busy right now showing sheep.

Meantime, out in the field,

we're talking about insects in summer crops

as well as how to get ready for fall planting

with our Extension Entomologist Tom Royer.


Sugarcane aphids & armyworm pressure

>>> We're having to, you know,

answer some questions

and maybe go back to making decisions

about how to control the aphids

and when to control 'em in double-crop grain sorghum.

Unfortunately, we don't have as many answers

for forage sorghum

because it's planted so thick,

it's so tall.

We don't even know if insecticides are as effective

on it as they would be on grain sorghum.

So, we have some examples here,

and they're loaded with sugar cane aphids.

So, we can take a look at 'em,

kinda point out what to be looking for.

Unfortunately, by the time you see things like this,

with the slick leaves that's covered with the honeydew,

that means you should've been treating two weeks ago

because these aphids have built up.

And so, underneath there, as you can see,

we have

a lot of aphids,

but we also have some lily beetles

that are munching away at these aphids.

The unfortunate thing though,

this would be like one lady beetle ordering

15 steak dinners.

They can't eat it all,

there's just not,

there's just too much food for them.

So, they can't keep up with the aphids.

>>> So, by this time, though,

you say it's too far gone to

really do much? 

>>> You can control 'em

but you would've prevented some yield loss

if you had gotten out here early and scouted

and made that decision a couple of weeks ago.

You would've preserved better yield.

>>> So, you have another plant here…

>>> Yes!

>>> That you wanted to show us.

>>> Yeah!

>>> What were you seeing when you analyzed the leaves

on this plant?

>>> [Tom] This is an example,

this is something that can spill over into wheat,

especially if it's early planted wheat.

But, here is an example of fall armyworm infestation

that's probably occurring on this plant.

This is what we call window paning.

This is an example of window paning.

This is when the caterpillars are so small,

they literally can't chew through the leaf,

so they scrape the tissue off.

As they get bigger,

they can go through the leaf

and chew the whole leaf off.

With fall armyworm, we're seeing examples here

and we're seeing flights occur.

Anybody that's planting wheat right now,

we wanna make sure to let the wheat growers know

that if they're wanting to accumulate forage for

stock or cattle,

they need to be out there early to make sure these

armyworms aren't killing their seedlings

as they're coming up out of the ground now.

>>> Let's go ahead and take a look at some,

some soybeans.

>>> [Tom] Alright!

>>> [Lyndall] Tom, what are you seeing?

>>> [Tom] Right here, this is,

with soybeans, this is what we're wanting to protect

right now.

From stinkbugs and corn earworms,

this is an example of pod feeding.

Probably, I'm guessing from a caterpillar,

but that pod feedings occurring right here as well.

If you get enough numbers,

it can significantly rob the yield,

and this is what we're trying to protect

at this point in time.

>>> [Lyndall] So, tell us what this is.

>>> This is a tool

that we're evaluating from a company called Spensa,

and they get producers to subscribe to this.

But, the interesting thing about this is,

it's a traditional pheromone trap

that you can bait with any number of different pheromones

to trap


depending on what you're interested in capturing.

But, the unique part of this is that there's a camera

mounted on top here

that will take pictures of catches on a daily basis

and identify the new catches that occur

and then send that electronically back to the subscriber

so that they know what kind of flight activity

is occurring for the particular moth

that they're interested in

in monitoring.

>>> Well, keep us posted on how it works,

and whether this kind of technology is a model

to just help with that scouting picture in fields and crops.

>>> Yep!

>>> Tom, good to see you, we'll see you again soon!

>>> Alright, thanks!

(energetic music)


>>> Now to an important story for livestock producers.

We've heard Glenn Selk talk a lot over the years

about the dangers of cattle eating forage

with high levels of nitrates, especially this time of year.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair takes us to Custer County to learn more.


Testing for nitrate toxicity

>>> [Kurtis] Sudan hay is one of the main forages

in Custer County.

Extension educator, Ron Wright, says

though this type of sorghum is a good feed,

toxicity issues are always a concern.

>>> When you raise Sudan hay you can run

into nitrate problems with it,

which can affect cattle in several different ways.

We've been in a pretty severe drought

in this county for the most of the summer

and so we've had a lot of Sudan hay

that showed up being high in nitrates.

I know of one producer that fed a round bale

of Sudan hay and lost five cows.

I heard of another one that lost two.

>>> [Kurtis] Weight loss, aborted calves,

and death in livestock are just some issues

high nitrate levels in feed can cause.

>>> When the high concentration comes,

let's say if that plant is stay

in a drought condition for too long,

and after comes a rain, after the rain

that wake up those plants from the drought time,

is when we are gonna have a high concentration of nitrate.

>>> [Kurtis] The plant itself isn't necessarily the problem,

but another type of grass that many producers

are familiar with.

>>> When you plant Sudan fields,

you tend to get quite a bit of johnsongrass

that can come up in those fields

and when they bale that, they'll bale that all up

together in the bale.

>>> It's always the question is johnsongrass

a weed or a forage?

Well, keep in mind that johnsongrass

was introduced here as a forage

and actually is a good forage.

This is considered noxious weed.

So that's why sometimes you want to control it.

You can have nitrate and also prussic acid toxicity.

>>> Cattle can pretty much tolerate

up to 5,000 parts per million,

but once it gets to a certain point,

if it gets up over 10,000 parts per million,

you can't mix that with enough other stuff

to make it okay to feed it.

>>> [Keith] Producers should not just be concerned

with the presence of johnsongrass in the field,

but also outside of it.

>>> We had a producer in this county

who had some cattle that got out.

There were 32 head of 'em.

31 head of 'em, it didn't affect.

Had one cow that we found that had gone down.

You run into all kinds of problems that can be avoided

if you bring that into your extension office

and have them do a quick test on it

using diphenylamine on samples.

>>> While your local extension educators

can tell if nitrate's present,

the only way to know exactly how much nitrate's

in your forage is to send a sample here at the university.

For more information about nitrates and forage,

go to our website at

(upbeat music)


Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Many of the upcoming value added calf sales

will be taking place in October,

and that means that those folks that are involved

with those kinds of calf sales

will be wanting to watch for the proper weaning dates,

because most of those value added calf sales

require the calves are weaned for at least 45 days

before the sale date.

Now, some producers may wonder, why 45 days?

Why isn't just 30 days or 20 days long enough?

Well, there's some really good research

that takes a look at that particular question.

Done in Iowa, a number of years ago,

they actually, over a nine year period of time,

kept track of the records of 2,000 head of calves

that went into some of the feed lots in that area.

And they watched which of those calves

had been weaned for 30 days or longer

compared to calves that were weaned less than 30 days

when they entered the feed lot.

What they found was quite a remarkable difference

in terms of the percentage of the calves that got sick,

primarily bovine respiratory disease.

Of the calves that were weaned less than a month

before they entered the feed lot,

28% over that nine year period of time

became ill with bovine respiratory disease

as compared to only 13% of the calves

that had been weaned 30 days or longer.

And, even more, and perhaps just as important

was the fact that, of the calves

that had been weaned longer than 30 days,

only 1% were required to have more than one treatment

in order to get over the illness,

as compared to 6% of the calves

that were weaned a shorter period of time

needing two or three treatments

in order to be taken care of

for whatever disease problem they had.

So that's why these calves need to be weaned

at least 30 days or longer to where the chances

of them getting sick for the new owner

has been reduced substantially.

We know of course that the Vac 45 programs,

they require proper vaccinations as well

and that's part of the story in terms of

reducing disease entities as well

but I thought you'd like to understand

why we need to have those calves weaned

45 days before the value added calf sale comes up

so that that next owner can buy them

with some assurance that they'll have

a lower incidence of health problems.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again

next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.


Livestock Marketing

>>> Derrell Peel, our livestock marketing specialist

joins us now, Derrell I can't believe we're already

into September and talking about fall marketing of calves.

What are you seeing with the market?

>>> Well, you know, if you take just normal seasonal patterns

from where we are right now we would normally

these calves to drop off to a low in October.

Certainly we have a little bit bigger calf crop this year

so we know there'll be a sizable calf run.

There's plenty of pressure there, if you will,

or tendency for that seasonal price to develop that way.

Of course it depends in especially the southern plains,

we're gonna be looking at wheat pasture conditions

and some fall demand factors.

Those can mitigate that seasonal pattern a little bit

so we have to watch it as it goes

but generally we would look for lower prices,

seasonally lower prices as we move into through

September and into October.

>>> In terms of strategy, are there retained

ownership possibilities for fall weaned calves?

>>> You know, cow-calf producers that could be selling

weaned calves in say October,

may wanna look at the opportunity to retain those calves

through a stocker phase.

They'll be evaluating sort of the value

of putting some additional weight on those calves.

Often it's gonna depend on

how light the calves are at weaning

and how long you might retain them

or how much total weight you might put on them.

They're gonna evaluate that much like

a stocker producer would

and there does appear to be some opportunities

it's just gonna depend on those details.

I'd put a pencil to it.

>>> Oklahoma of course is a big wheat pasture grazing state.

How is the situation looking there as we head

into wheat planting time?

>>> Well, obviously the big question is

will we have wheat pasture?

Conditions looked generally pretty good

I think at this point.

We've had rain in a lot of places,

been a little bit spotty but you know,

we'll be watchin' that.

Now I remember a year ago at this time,

it also looked pretty good.

We had some moisture, we had cooler temperatures,

cooler soils but as it turned out

when the rain shut off in September

it never really started again

and so we didn't wind up with a very good

wheat pasture year.

So we'll have to watch that going forward.

>>> And what about those considering the cull-cow market?

>>> Well a lot of these cow-calf producers,

they wean the calves in the fall,

they'll be looking at those cull-cows.

Again, seasonally we normally look for a low,

it actually happens usually in November,

right after we wean calves.

We've already got a very weak cull-cow market.

It dropped much more dramatically than

we really anticipated this summer.

There may not be a lot of good opportunities

between now and about Thanksgiving

but if it stays as weak as it is,

and we get to that point before you make

those culling decisions, producers may wanna think

about the possibility of retaining those cows

through the winter at least for a while,

January, February, March and putting some weight on 'em.

Many years that pays of pretty well

if you have some feed resources

that you don't have a higher valued use for.

So, I think it's kind of a wait and see

unless you need to do something right now,

there's really not a lot of good opportunities

in the near term here for this cull-cow market.

>>> Just kinda keep an eye on it.

>>> You bet.

>>> Okay, Derrell, thanks a lot.

(light music)


Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, welcome back to the weekly Mesonet Weather Report.

A nice, albeit short-lived cold front

moved through the state this week

giving us a one day break from the late summer heat.

The front is easily seen on the cattle comfort index

for the morning of August 29th

where temperatures behind the front

are in the comfortable range but ahead of the front,

we see red caution numbers at or near 100.

Until the last week, August temperatures

have been very moderate throughout the state.

I have shown this map before

indicating that we went below normal

with average temperatures in late July

and stayed below average until late August

before returning to near normal temperatures.

A concern I have had is how this cooler period

would affect our late summer crops such as cotton.

Cotton degree days are the number of hours

that occur between a temperature range

of 60 and 100 degrees Fahrenheit over the growing season.

As of August 28th, we have received

2,521 days.

The previous five year average on this date

was 330 days less.

In summary, the cotton crop should be

well on its way to maturing properly.

Now here's Gary, with a better looking drought monitor,

and more on the moisture situation.

>>> Thanks Wes, and good morning everyone.

Well we're making great progress

on the drought through August,

with now most of the state

completely out of the drought categories

on the drought monitor map.

But we still have a few holdouts.

Let's get to the newest map, and see where we stand.

Well it's pretty easy to see where we have the worst drought

continuing across Southwest Oklahoma.

That extends up into West Central Oklahoma,

and a little bit along the Red River to the east.

However we still also have a little bit of severe drought

centered on Osage County

over into Southern Washington County,

up in far Northeast Oklahoma.

And a little bit of mild drought surrounding that.

Other than that, just the far Western Oklahoma Panhandle.

Those areas, if we can get some good rains,

we can really knock this drought out

by the time we get through fall.

How 'bout that August rainfall?

This Mesonet map for August first through the 28th

shows really good rains, very spotty in nature however,

but still, good rains across Eastern Oklahoma,

parts of Central Oklahoma through Northwest Oklahoma,

out into the Panhandle,

and also centered on Jackson County,

in far Southwestern Oklahoma.

We still also have those areas with less than two inches

in Southwest Oklahoma, along the Kansas border.

But all-in-all, a really good August.

We can see that on the percent

of normal rainfall map for August.

Anywhere you see those greens and dark blues,

that's really good rains for August.

You can also see those areas that missed out on the rain,

such as Southwest Oklahoma, parts along the Red River,

and up into Northeast Oklahoma,

again, centered on Osage County.

And the rest of the state, really good rains

for much of the summer.

Drought quenching rains, and those are the rains

we hope continue into the fall,

so we can blast this drought right outta here.

We do, however, need those rains

to start falling in those select locations

that have missed out.

Southwest Oklahoma, Northeast Oklahoma,

and the far Western Panhandle.

That's it for this time, we'll see you next time

on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(light country music)


Preparing for Wheat planting

>>> Here we are at the beginning of September,

and planters are gonna be rolling sooner than not,

and David, what are some of the things

that producers should be thinking about,

if they're gonna plant wheat this year?

>>> Yep, so I like to start that question off

with how I would probably, in any,

no matter what the conditions are

we're facing at the moment is first,

really focus on those basic agronomic practices.

So trying to use optimal planting dates.

We can't, we're always battling Mother Nature,

but trying to use those optimal planning dates,

using good seeding rates for your type of management system.

Have you calibrated your drill recently?

Have you soil sampled recently?

Maybe that's a spot we can cut back on

on fertilizer costs.

So those types of agronomic practices.

And then when it comes to the different types of inputs

that we're gonna be using,

I'd like to start off with building that foundation

off of good genetics.

The type of variety that's gonna fit

your type of management system,

and how high do you wanna push that bar?

Those other types of maybe pesticides

that we might use to try to control

these different pests in season.

It's important to have those boots on the ground,

and be scouting.

We were very dry last year,

we ended up not having a whole lot of disease

for the most part in the state,

and knowing our variety that we've got,

we didn't need to have, to put out that fungicide,

in most cases, so just maybe penciling it in,

trying to see if I can budget in.

Got fungicide, for example,

having those boots on the ground,

and be out there scouting.

I mean if the time comes,

be willing to pull the trigger on it.

>>> In years past, we've looked at the dual purpose

verses grain only.

Last year we had the potential

for a great dual purpose crop,

but parts of the state didn't see the moisture

they were hoping for.

Is there a dual purpose wheat variety

that looks better than others this year?

>>> Well, they'll just comment kind of on last year yet,

because in a way, this August that we've had

is really kind of setting up to be like last year.

Fortunately something that is different than last year,

and I don't hope to jinx it,

but the wheat prices are at least going north.

Going in the right direction,

so by with the way with the drought that we had last year,

and the need for foragers, still I think gonna be

a lotta focus on forage.

And moving into this year, like we said,

it is setting up to be like that,

so trying to focus on forage,

and then come back to variety selection.

The neat thing about wheat is actually the forage production

on a lot of these varieties is actually pretty good.

A lot of it, for being dual purpose,

where we start to really see the differences come in

is those varieties that can handle that grazing

and be able to respond to,

or be able to come back from that grazing,

and still be able to put on grain yield.

Varieties like the Duster, or like the Gallagher,

and potentially like Smith's Gold has.

Those types of good overall dual purpose varieties,

and if that's the type of management system

you're wanting to work with, that's a good start.

And then there are others out there as well.

>>> Looking back at 2017,

and with the potential of the same conditions in 2018,

were there better planting dates

than others across the state?

And I understand Oklahoma's a large state

and there's a lot of variability in there

but were there differences in planting dates

in 2017 crop to look forward to in 18?

>>> Well, in 17 how that ended up, absolutely.

For those who planted early trying to target fall forage

and were able to protect it from fall army worm

at the time, they ended up having a little bit

of pasture to be able to graze.

For those who might of waited for the fall army worm

to cycle out, it got hot and it got really dry.

So we were trying to plant and establish wheat pasture

but we didn't have the moisture to get it established

so that ended up pushing our,

essentially our planting date later into the year

'cause if we're going after forage,

we need to plant early.

We like to have that kind of September 10th to 15th

for most of the stays being the ideal for dual purpose

and if you're grain only, you shift that planting date back

three or four weeks.

Now if we've had this wetter August overall

and if we still have this good soil moisture

by the end of the month, beginning part of September,

and if we're gonna plant earlier,

that can be fine but like last year

we'd really be out there scouting

and really be into try to protect

against that fall army worm.

>>> You're actually going to be taking a new position

at another location.

>>> Yes, that's true, I'll be leaving OSU.

In the meantime, anyone needing help

absolutely, always, always,

you've got the opportunity to contact

your local county educator.

Our area extension staff as well.

>>> Okay, well David it's been a pleasure.

>>> Thank you.

>>> And for more information on wheat in Oklahoma,

go to our website,

(light music)


Market Monitor

>>> Football season kicks off today

and teams are rising and falling

and unfortunately so is the wheat prices.

So Kim, tell us why the wheat prices

have started to decline.

>>> Well we saw that decline, I think a big part

of that is Russia front loaded their export sales

to try to beat the Russian government

restricting exports and they'll probably do that

on down the line.

You look at also the spring wheat production,

it's about 200 million bushels higher than last year.

Remember, hard red winter wheat

was a hundred million bushels so the spring wheat

more than offset the decline in hard red

plus you can blend that high protein

hard spring wheat with poor quality

hard red wheat and make up for some of that loss.

So I think that's the major reasons it went down.

We had a little bump in prices at the end of the week

and I think that was the market

just saying that hey, Russia can't continue

to do this forever.

>>> So but have wheat prices bottomed out you think?

>>> I hope they bottomed out.

We won't know until we see what happens

in the Black Sea region and what happens

with Argentine and Australia.

The northern hemisphere wheat crops pretty much harvested.

We know what we got there, that's about 85%

of the world's wheat production that we know.

So we got Argentina coming on down the line

and you look at Argentina, they're up 55 million bushels

in production this year and Australia's down 54,

so pretty much evened out there.

But Argentina and Australia and Russia

will determine if prices have bottomed.

I think they have.

>>> So planting's about to start picking up.

What is your projections for the 2019 harvest?

>>> Well if you'll look at just about every

supply and demand estimate, the world wheat

supply and demand, we're going to use

significantly more wheat than we produced this year.

If you look at US wheat, we're gonna use

more wheat than we produced this year.

If you look at just hard red winter wheat,

we're gonna use more than we've produced this year.

Remember going into harvest, what gave us our $5 plus wheat?

The world was short of protein wheat.

We produce protein and that's why we got $5.

We're gonna, if we used all of that,

that's what this supply and demand estimates tell us,

then we're gonna come into the 19 harvest short of protein

and I think that's gonna give us a $5, $5.50 price.

I think shorter protein, we're gonna be in the same

or worse condition than we were in last year

and the world's gonna need our wheat.

>>> So with all the wheat still left in the bin,

what's your producers do?

>>> Well right now, if I can afford

the risk of slightly lower prices,

I think I'm gonna hold it because if Russia

puts a damper or puts a quota on how much they can export,

our price is gonna increase 'cause the world's

gonna have to come in to our market.

Now our export sales are 43% less than last year.

I think they'll pick up as we get on out into that

November, December, January, February time period

and prices will be higher.

I believe this year, I'd gamble on that.

However, if I was using that a third, a third strategy,

I'd stick with it.

>>> Alright, thanks Kim.

Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist

at Oklahoma State University.

(light music)


Food Whys

>>> Let's eat.

According to labor statistics,

the average American household

spends over $7,000 of its budget on food.

Data indicates that most Americans

use 43% of the annual food expenditures on eating out.

This includes fast food, vending machines,

restaurants, and food trucks.

Food trucks have become a large part of the food industry

in just the past 10 years.

In 2015, the annual revenue for food trucks

was 1.2 billion dollars.

In 2017, the National Restaurant Association

estimated that food trucks revenue to be 2.7 billion.

An estimated three million mobile restaurants

are in operation by serious foodies

in over 300 US cities.

Food trucks menus boast a fusion of flavors

and unique cooking techniques

that result in delicious experiences for the taste buds.

Consumers can even track where their

favorite trucks are located through social media check-ins.

Oklahoma City has 117 registered food trucks,

while Tulsa boasts 64.

Even though these food trucks are homed

out of specific cities, doesn't mean they won't travel.

Without the limitations of a stationary building,

food trucks are able to participate

in fairs, weddings, family reunions, and other events.

Some cities have even developed food truck parks.

If you're looking to try a different dining experience,

visit your local food truck.

For more information about FAPC,

visit us at our website, at

and download our app or


>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime at our website

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

From the Payne County Fair in Stillwater,

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone.

And remember, Oklahoma Agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(gentle music)


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