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Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for August 11, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • The benefits of burns in growing season
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Comparing pivot & subsurface drip irrigation
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Helpful phone apps for producers
  • Extension poverty simulation 2018

 

(upbeat music)

 

>>> Hello, everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Oklahomans can certainly empathize

with people in California and other states

battling wildfires right now.

Here at home, thanks to rain and continued green conditions,

there are steps that landowners can take right now

to help lower their risk of wildfires this winter.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair catches up

with our extension fire ecologist John Weir.

 

The benefits of burns in growing season

>>> [Kurtis] How are you doing, John?

>>> Just fine, how are you doing?

>>> [Kurtis] Doing good.

So why don't you tell us a little bit

what you guys have got going on today.

>>> I already got a little growing season fire going on.

>>> You know, you wouldn't think of something this green

that would burn this well.

>>> That's right.

You know, a lot of people,

that's their picture of summertime, growing season,

green grass that just won't burn,

but as you can see right here,

we've got it burning really well on that.

We've been doing a lot of growing season burns.

>>> So talk a little bit about the benefits of burning

this time of year.

>>> Well, the benefits of burning this time of year

is pretty much the same kind of benefits

that we see burning in the dormancies,

or any time of the year.

You can see increased cattle gains,

increased plant palatability,

increased crude protein on plant species;

again, wildfire reduction risks,

and stuff for removing fuel,

so for future wildfires,

we don't have those big problems

and things like that going on.

>>> Is it easier to kind of manage this time of year?

>>> It is, as you can see,

the fire's not moving real fast.

We just lit that just a little bit ago,

and it's only traveled about 15 feet,

whereas if this would have been March or April,

man, it would have already been a hundred yards

down the way, real quick.

Flames are a lot shorter, because again,

that green grass in there changes that whole aspect

of the way that fire behaves,

because it's the old growth,

it's the old mulch from previous years,

that starts the fire,

then it burns and heats up,

boils all the water out of the green grass,

and then the green grass will go ahead and burn within that.

And so, as you can see, it just slows that down,

'cause it takes so much energy out of that fire

to boil all that water out of it.

>>> Yeah, you know, wildfires are a naturally occurring event,

and this just helps to manage that.

>>> That's right.

>>> It's good for the land,

but you want to just keep it in control,

not get out of control.

>>> That's right.

And that's one of the great benefits of this time of year,

is the safety aspect.

It's a whole lot safer to do,

a whole lot easier to maintain and control.

Spot fire reductions,

you know, embers blowing out;

again, a lot of times they land in a lot of green stuff,

so the risk of spot fires,

it's always there,

but it's a whole lot less this time of year.

And then, too, even if we do have a spot,

it's real simple.

If it's not moving real fast, we can get over there,

put it out, not much problem.

>>> And the weather conditions here

are pretty favorable for it, correct?

I mean, it's pretty cool out right now.

>>> Yeah, we actually hit a really good day today.

Typically, it's sunny, and it's already hot,

and we're dealing with fire out here.

That's one of the bad things.

But today, it's a nice, mild day for summer in August

here in Oklahoma,

so that makes it nice to be able to do that.

That's one of the things you gotta watch out for, too,

burning this time of year,

is just the heat, the stress and stuff on the crew,

out here working

when it's a hundred plus degrees outside a lot of times,

and it's even more than that when you're near the fire,

so we try to make sure everybody rides,

everybody stays hydrated,

switch out tasks so you don't get nobody overheated,

and don't get anybody hurt.

>>> And you do have some resources out there

for people who are considering burning during the summer,

how to pick the right weather conditions,

and what to do, right?

>>> Yes, we do.

>>> All right, thanks John.

If you'd like a link to that,

go to our website, SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Welcome to the weekly Mesonet Weather Report.

August has started off

with a similar pattern to last year,

with mild temperatures and wetter-than-normal conditions

over much of the state.

Wednesday's cool front brought some much-needed rain

to a diagonal swath of central Oklahoma.

Our newest station, at Yukon,

received the highest amount at 2.77 inches;

however, the driest region of the state,

in Southwest Oklahoma, was not so fortunate.

The cool front also brought some refreshing temperatures.

This map shows the 24-hour temperature change

from the afternoon of the 7th to the afternoon of the 8th.

Burneyville shows a drop of 27 degrees.

While these cool, fall-like temperatures feel great to us,

they may become a problem for certain developing crops.

The shaded blue area of this graph

shows the average statewide temperature

over the past 15 years for June, July, and August.

They yellow line

shows the average daily temperature for 2018.

This indicates we have been below average

since the latter part of July,

and forecasts show it may stay that way for a while.

Now here's Gary with a new drought monitor

and more on the forecast situation.

>>> Thanks, Wes, and good morning, everyone.

Well, the rain and the cooler weather

has certainly been wonderful.

It does good things to drought.

It actually gets rid of it in some cases.

But before that rain, we still had increasing drought

across the state of Oklahoma.

So let's take a look at the drought monitor map

and see what conditions were at that time.

And I'll be darned if we didn't have D4 exceptional drought

introduced once again in the far southwestern Oklahoma.

Those are areas that have been down 14 to 16 inches of rain

since the beginning of the water year, on October 1, 2017.

And with the heat that we've had during late spring

into summer, it's just taking it's toll.

So now we have that big blob of maroon down

in the far southwestern corner, so we're talking

about places Harmon, Greer, Jackson, Tillman County,

a little bit of Kiowa County, so that area.

And that's of course surrounded by the red,

which is extreme drought.

So I'm just gonna show you what we've seen in pictures.

And the first picture is a field from up in Noble County.

This is southwest of our Red Rock Mesonet site.

You can see that's a field

that looks like winter up that way.

Next is a farm pond from up that way

and that has a five-foot shovel put into perspective

how far down that pond actually is

and you can see that pond is shrinking quite rapidly.

Now let's travel down to far southwestern Jackson County,

another very poor-looking field, looks like January.

If there weren't some green trees in the area,

you would think it's January.

But unfortunately, this was this week,

so very poor conditions, looking like the 2011

through 2013 period down that way.

So maybe next week, we'll have

some much better rainfall maps

and maybe even some pictures

to show you of improving drought conditions.

Until then, this

has been the Oklahoma Mesonet Weather Report.

Thank you.

 

Comparing pivot & subsurface drip irrigation

>>> Oklahoma producers know moisture is essential

to a successful crop, and of course, the bottom line.

Today, SUNUP videographer, Ed Barron

shows us ways to use water more efficiently.

>>> We use several different types

of irrigation methods on our farm here.

We've had furrow irrigation since the 1950s.

Due to water efficiency usage and other issues,

we're looking at more efficient ways.

And so over the years we've

adapted some overhead sprinkler or pivot.

That doesn't always fit rectangular fields well.

And we've also started adapting sub-surface drip irrigation

in the last decade, which shows a lot

of promise in many areas.

>>> When it comes to deciding about installing

or purchasing a circa-vit system

versus a sub-surface drip system, growers need to keep

in mind all the requirements of a sub-surface drip system.

The initial cost is usually two to three times larger

than a center-pivot systems on an acre basis,

but at the same time, sub-surface drip systems

seem to be more efficient than pivot systems.

>>> As we've switched over to these other forms of irrigation

it's presented both challenges and opportunities.

Our preferred method of irrigation

is definitely drip irrigation.

But it does have a lot of challenges.

And it's very expensive.

We spent a lot of money in the pivot.

The pivot worked fine for seven, eight years.

We switched over this past year

and put sub-surface drip irrigation in.

We had to lose some land that was in pasture,

but we gained back our corners.

Our acreage increased slightly, acres covered.

Water usage is very similar, but we got rid

of all the surface erosion in the pivot tracks.

So pivot irrigation has its benefits

but so does sub-surface drip irrigation.

They both have trade offs.

>>> The sub-surface drip system

requires a significant filtration unit to ensure

that we remove all the suspended material out of the water.

It also requires maintenance as far as biological growth

because you could have biological growth,

and also some sedimentation in the tubes.

And that needs to be taken care of by flushing

and by also injecting acid.

So these are some of the things that growers need to keep

in mind when thinking about sub-surface drip irrigation.

That's one of the reasons that the initial cost

is larger because we need that filtration system.

>>> So we collect all our water to one point, filter it,

treat it, add nutrition if we're going to,

and then send it back out to the different zones

across all the fields.

>>> [Narrator] In some areas, there could be significant

damage from rodents to subsurface drip systems.

There are some products out there that have some chemicals

embedded in them that manufacturers claim that

would deter rodents, but it's something to keep in mind

because they may not be 100% successful

under variable conditions.

>>> I spend a lot of money on gopher bait, putting,

and then digging up leaks and patching them

and repairing them. It's nice and manageable,

but it takes a lot of management and labor

to keep the system maintained and operating

in efficient levels.

>>> With a subsurface drip, as we mentioned, it's got

a higher initial cost, so that's something to keep

in mind, but if the system is to be operated over

a long time, like longer than 15 years, it can easily

pay for itself and be more than a pivot system

if it's maintained and used.

>>> [Man] I think if you're looking at making a decision

between pivot and drip, you need to do a lot of homework.

Go talk to some farmers that actually have hands-on

experience and be ready to take a lot of notes based

on what they've experienced or they've learned

with those two different systems.

(upbeat music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Beef demand is still holding strong, so Derrell,

what's driving this demand?

>>> Well, I think there's a number of factors going on.

You know, sometimes we really just have to acknowledge

that preferences are strong right now and we don't

usually know that until after the fact, but when you

look at the more economic signals, if you will, I think

there's broad based demand, support from the macro economy,

unemployment's low, more people are working, so that's good.

I think a big part of it has to be the fact that our

trade picture has been very supportive this year in terms

of beef exports.

>>> Well, speaking of trade, there was some new trade data

released, did it show anything interesting?

What's going on there?

>>> The trade data continues to be very supportive. Not only

for beef, but across the board, so for the month of June,

which is the latest data, beef, pork, and broiler exports

were all up. If we look at for the year to date,

beef exports are up nearly 15%. On top of this, a little bit

more than 15% for the month of June, and we're up to almost

all of our major markets. In the current month, we're up

to Japan, Korea, Mexico, Canada. We were a little bit down

in Hong Kong, but we're up for the year to date to all

of those markets, so beef continues very strong.

Again, pork looks pretty good as well, so we're looking at

record meet production in the U.S. of beef, pork,

and poultry, and so that's going to be a challenge to work

through that, meeting these trade numbers are very

supportive of that.

>>> So, how, we're always talking about the trade disruption

here lately, how might that impact producers going forward?

>>> Well, again, lots of things can happen, in terms of the

beef industry, or beef market specifically, direct impacts,

of course, could happen, although beef has been relatively

sheltered from most of the actual tariffs and so on.

We do have tariffs on beef to China right now, but we're

not exporting very much to China, however in the month

of June we did see a decrease from the previous two months,

so that may be indicative of those tariff impacts.

The bigger potential impact on beef markets specifically

is if we do disrupt trade, particularly for pork,

then we're going to see an increase in supplies in the

domestic market and that's going to put further pressure

because of this record level of production we're seeing

in the U.S. market. The other thing that could happen

is we begin to see higher prices on a wide assortment

of goods, and at some point that may very well impact

consumer spending in a general sense. Beef is pretty

vulnerable whenever consumers see any sort of squeeze

in discretionary income.

>>> Alright, thanks Derrell. Derrell Peel, livestock marketing

specialist at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat country music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> As we approach the mid-part of August, that means

that we're just a few days away from the start of the fall

calving season. For those herds here in the southwest,

that do plan to start that calving around the first

of September each year. A couple reminders I think are

very, very important that we bring to you each time

this year. The first one is of course of the research

done here at Oklahoma State University that has illustrated

to us that the average gestation length of cows that

are pregnant during the hot summer months, the average

gestation length is about five days shorter than what we

might see with spring calving cows, and therefore if

we have scheduled our breeding program last fall, such that

we expect the first calves to begin around the first

of September, we know that there's always variation.

Around that gestation length.

In the books, you'll see it to be about 283 days.

In any situation there will be quite

a little variation around that.

Well if we shorten that to about 278 days,

now we can certainly have some calves that are coming around

the 20th of August or shortly thereafter.

That tells me that we want to start looking for problems

that might be taking place with a replacement Heifer

that's going through the first throws of labor,

and we need to give her assistance.

Also, this is a good time of year to go ahead

and get that calving kit put together.

So that it's ready to go

for this upcoming fall calving season.

I'd like to put in my calving kit

and start out with a five gallon stainless steel bucket

or a plastic bucket.

Something that I can always clean

and get disinfected in between each use.

And of course remember to put in the calf pulling chains.

Make sure there's handles to go with those.

You'll also want have some kind

of a non-irritating anti-septic.

As well as a non-detergent dish soap for a lubricant

can be really helpful as well.

Make sure that you've got some plastic OB sleeves available

in that calving kit ready to go.

Don't forget some of the simple things

such as having a flashlight

if you need to do some nighttime checks

and some extra batteries.

Also, when that baby calf arrives,

you probably want to have a bottle

of about 7% tincture of iodine to dip the navel in,

to treat the navel area.

So that infection doesn't get into that baby calf

from that particular region.

We need to think ahead.

That this upcoming fall calving season is really closer

than we might believe.

Making these preparations is certainly going to be important

and helpful when we get in that situation

in the middle of the night here in this calving season

and we have to help a heifer

or a cow that's having some problems.

We look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Market Monitor

>>> There really hasn't been much movement

in the market this week

and Kim what's making the market chatter?

>>> Well of course there was the report

that's gonna be released on Friday,

but the big chatter is about lower wheat production.

Russia, their wheat production may be down 20%.

Their quality, not as good as it has been in the past.

Ukraine, oh there's kind of difference of opinion

on how much lower Ukraine's go.

I think it might be slightly lower than that.

You've got the European unions especially Germany, France,

20% lower production there and Australia.

You know there's right between the lines

that their crops have been devastated with dry weather,

so that's the big work.

In the middle of the week I read an article

that there's shortage of feed wheat.

Feed wheat prices,

Korea bought wheat for around $5.70 with costing freight.

In other words, delivered within a week

or a week and a half.

That had increased to almost a dollar,

so there may be a shortage of feed wheat around the world.

And then of course you've got corn and soy beans,

the debate is what's the yield there.

It's going to be high, it's just how high is it going to be?

>>> What does lower production mean for the overall world crop

and then also prices on there?

>>> Well if you look at wheat, that lower production,

especially what's going on with Russia and Ukraine,

we've seen that dollar increase in prices.

I think the market took a breather this week

to wait and see just how things are coming out.

And it's probably that the market's already got Russia,

Ukraine, the European union.

Lower production in Australia,

I think is the key to our next dollar move

if Australia continues to decline,

I think our prices can go higher.

>>> Producers across the state,

across the U.S are penciling out next years crops.

Some of this wheat's gonna be going in the ground soon.

What do you see in the patented Kim Anderson crystal ball

for wheat prices that harvest in 2019?

>>> Well outside the crystal ball,

if you'll look at what elevators are,

what forward contract 2019 harvests wheat for,

right at six dollars, just below six dollars right now.

So, the question is will it get higher?

And then of course,

with the relatively large corn harvests coming on,

with relative large bean harvests,

and relatively low corn and bean prices,

how do those prices compare?

And I think wheat is gonna look relatively well

for the '19 crop year.

>>> Okay, thank you much Kim Anderson.

Great marketing specialist here

at Oklahoma State University.

And now heres Brian Arnell with some apps

that could be useful to AG producers.

 

Helpful phone apps for producers

>>> I want to talk about some mobile applications

that'll be useful this time of year

as we're starting to prep for harvest on our summer crops.

And also get it ready for planting of winter crops

and some hunting season stuff.

So one of the first apps I'd like to talk about today

is the AG PHD's harvest app.

Now, the Ag PhD put an app together

called Harvest Loss.

It's a very useful and simple tool

that can help you know how important it is

to set your combine.

So, what you do, we go into say corn.

You look at how many seeds there are per pound,

you can adjust that in this app.

It starts at 1450 seeds per pound.

And then you go out behind the combine

after the combine's run through the field

or made that first pass.

You count how many seeds you find on the ground

per square foot.

So in this case I'm gonna say we go in there

and we find 10 kernels in a one foot square.

You can also go in there and put a cost per bushel

or price per bushel.

Let's just say $3.50 for the time being.

And it goes through the calculations.

10 kernels per square foot

is approximately 5.36 bushels per acre

and a cost of $3.50 per bushel.

So this just let's you know how much you're losing

by that combine not being set properly.

We have a couple grazing apps that are gonna be handy

this time of year, especially as we're dealing

with the drought across the state.

One of those apps is the OK-State,

the Oklahoma State's GrazeOK app.

It uses the grazing stick to measure

the height of your forage to see

how much forage you have and how much you can graze on it.

And give you kind of an estimation of forage load

or stocking rate.

Another handy one right now as we're going through a drought

across a great part of the state

is a cattle management app.

And this is basically a flow-through chart

on what to do, a decision tree on what to do

when you're having limited grazing due to drought.

So it'll go and it'll ask you about your feed supply.

It'll ask you about your herd,

it'll ask you about you facilities and your herd health.

It'll help you decide whether you keep,

whether you sell, whether you feed,

or whether you can graze.

So it's just a decision aid to help you process through

during the challenging times of trying to have

a cattle operation during a drought.

That's just a few of the apps that are popular

with Ag producers right now.

To see a full list, check out the SUNUP website

at www.sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Extension poverty simulation 2018

>>> Finally today, real life lessons on poverty.

Some decision-makers and leaders in one community

have better ideas on what it might take

to address it.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair takes us to Comanche County.

>>> But in order for me to cash this check for you,

we're gonna have to take care of that loan balance.

It's $225.

>>> [Woman] It's important that we understand

that poverty affects all of us.

>>> [Kurtis] In the annex building

at the Comanche County Fairgrounds,

a unique experiment is giving elected officials,

social service workers, and members of extension

a glimpse into what families with limited resources

face every day.

>>> The simulation isn't about families living in deep,

limited resources, but right at that poverty edge.

Simulation gives community leaders,

our agency representatives,

that are helping limited resource families on a daily basis

is to help them experience what those families

are actually going through day by day.

>>> [Woman] Okay, so I'll need $14.

>>> [Kurtis] Participants are split up into small groups

or families and given specific story lines.

Whether they're playing a parent or a 10-year-old,

they're expected to take the simulation

and their roles seriously.

>>> When you go to the store, can you get me five dollars

worth of treats?

>>> [Kurtis] The simulation is split up

into four, 15-minute sessions.

Each session represents one week.

>>> They have a number of tasks that they have to perform.

Like everyday tasks like paying bills,

going to school, going to work,

and their job is to make those decisions

given the limited resources that they have.

>>> They participants have different resource tables

that they can go to and access services from.

Some are kind of the necessities like a super market

for their food.

There's the mortgage company that they have to pay rent.

>>> [Kurtis] Debra Johnson works

as the Poverty Initiatives Coordinator

with the Salvation Army in Comanche County.

The non-profit partnered with OSU Extension

to put on the simulation and she says these tasks

help break down common stigmas and misconceptions.

>>> You know, the phrase pull yourself up by your bootstraps

or, you know, why aren't they working harder

comes to mind.

It's really all about your resources.

So we look in some more rural areas.

Their resources, even food resources,

are so much more limited.

There may be a gas station in the neighborhood

and a liquor store.

So how are they gonna provide a nutritious meal

for their family?

>>> We all make choices with our finances,

with our resources, and many times limited resource families

are given the choice as to whether or not they buy groceries

or they pay their mortgage.

And if they choose to feed their families

and not pay the mortgage,

many times they'll lose their homes.

>>> [Kurtis] Which are situations participants

will face today.

>>> [ Debra] This really reinforced

that there are real obstacles for our community

that is living in poverty still.

>>> [Kurtis] Playing a nine-year-old autistic child

in the simulation, Audrey Howard says

there's one constant issue nearly all families dealt with.

>>> Honestly, the transportation was the biggest problem

that a lot of people had.

Especially our family too.

Because one, transportation was costly

and two, it wasn't easy to come by.

If you had to go to Social Services,

that took money to be able to get there.

If you needed to go to work, again,

you had to have money to be able to get to work.

>>> According to the Center for Poverty Research,

The national poverty rate is 14%.

In some Oklahoma counties, the situation is even worse.

>>> Comanche County, actually, is 16.8%,

so we're even higher than that national rate.

So many times, the situation is generational

versus situational.

When someone comes to poverty

from a situational perspective,

they have been raised, typically,

with the skills and understanding to overcome

whatever obstacle or situation they've encountered.

But when it's generational, which is often the case

in Oklahoma, they've not been taught those skills.

>>> And we in extension have a duty

to help our communities realize what those families

are facing.

People that are struggling with their finances,

struggling with providing food for their family,

that is impactful on the agricultural business as well

because folks are not able to purchase their products.

>>> [Kurtis] In Comanche County, I'm Kurtis Hair.

 

>>> That'll do it for us this time.

SUNUP will be taking a break for the next couple of weeks

for August Fest programming on OETA.

We'll be back with our regular broadcast

on September first.

Meantime, you can still stay informed.

We'll be live streaming interviews

with state specialists on our Facebook and YouTube channels.

Send us your questions now via social media

or tune in and ask them live.

Until then, I'm Lyndell Stout.

Remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(gentle music)

 

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