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Oklahoma State University
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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for August 4, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Summer Crop Update
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • 4-H Roundup
  • Market Monitor
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Farmer Aid Package info
  • Vet Scripts
  • Craig County Fair

(upbeat guitar music)

 

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

One of the first fairs in the state, which is

the Craig County Fair, here in Vinita,

is well underway.

We'll tell you about what makes this fair so unique,

a little bit later in the show.

But first, we're getting all caught up

on summer crops.

Here's SUNUP's Dave Deken and our

Extension Cropping System Specialist, Josh Lofton.

 

Summer Crop Update

>>> It's been an unusually cool week across Oklahoma and Josh,

that's been good for the corn crop.

>>> Yeah, I mean, well it's been good for everything,

it's been good for the people,

it's been good for the crops.

It's just been good all around.

It's good to get out of those 100 degree weathers,

it's also good for the both majorities,

they get a little rain.

It really helping a lot of the crops that we still

have out there that are on the earlier side of maturity,

still needing a lot of good water.

A lot of places in the state were getting pretty dry,

and so a good drink, we're seeing these nice cool weather

is gonna be beneficial.

>>> We're getting closer to harvest of sorghum,

but then also corn.

What are some of the things that producers

should be looking for when it comes to the corn?

>>> The very interesting thing, Dave, I think two weeks ago

we were talking about management,

now we're needing to kinda move into to maturity.

And judging when that crop is mature.

You just can't do it by the turnrow.

We can't judge maturity by the turnrow,

you can't just say, oh well, that corn is brown.

It's ready to go, because we can have some

really green corn, very genetic based, really green corn

that can be at maturity.

So, once you get out into your corn crop,

a nice area that you think represents the field,

if you just take a cob out of the field, split it in half.

That's kinda where we do a lot of our judgment.

And what we like to do is see maturity

on the bottom half and the top half right at the center.

We see here, we grabbed a corn cob here,

we're at full dent, which means that we have,

kind of finished that filling process.

We have that formation of starch, and so then

what we have to do is see where

the kernel's actually attached to the cob.

And that's what we look for next.

And how we know we've reached maturity

is what we call black layer.

Now, this corn plant here that I grabbed,

is not quite there, but we're really close.

And if you look right here, Dave, you see this little

black pigment, right within that kernel?

>>> Oh, Mm-hmm.

>>> We're probably a couple of days off,

of reaching that black layer.

So what this corn plant does,

is it actually separates itself from the plant,

so the kernels itself are separated from the plant,

that's when we've reached maturity,

and that's when we're just going into the dry down process.

So, once we hit that black layer, we probably have,

depending on the weather, you know,

a week to maybe two weeks before we should be getting close

to that maturity.

The hotter and dryer it is, the quicker that's gonna go.

If it stays cool and humid, and we get these rainfalls,

that seed moisture will probably stay up

and it'll be a little longer.

>>> Now from corn, we have the sorghum,

and the sorghum looks really good for this time of year,

but also this part of the state.

>>> Yeah, the sorghum is looking really good.

We've talked about it all year,

with these little pockets that don't look as good,

but a bulk majority of the sorghum,

all the way from the eastern side of the state,

through the Panhandle is in a really good

spot right now.

But, we're kinda getting to the same point, Dave,

as we are with corn.

The good thing is, that if you know how

to do maturity on corn, sorghum's the same way.

And if you kind of look, once again,

we want to go about half way through,

we don't want to pick the outside kernels,

we don't wanna get the fully inside kernels,

we wanna get somewhere right in the middle of this cluster.

If you break open this seed here,

and you kinda look for this little tip,

that it was attached to the plant,

you see it's a little darkened right there?

>>> Oh right, yep.

>>> That's what we're looking for.

And once again, it's not quite at black layer,

the sorghum is, but it's getting really close.

And so the big thing with sorghum is,

once again, the same thing with corn,

we don't want to desiccate too early,

a lot of our growers around the state desiccate sorghum,

especially down state.

We don't want to desiccate too early because

it's still forming that seed weight.

And what we can do is lose a little bit of our

test weight, if we go out too early.

Once we pull the trigger on Sorghum for desiccation,

we're probably about a week out of harvest.

>>> Okay, thank you very much Josh Lofton,

cropping system specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat country music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Most spring cow-calf operations will breed

the replacement heifers a few days if not a few weeks

ahead of the mature cow herd.

And so that means that the spring-born heifers

were bred back starting in April

and wrapping up sometime in late June.

That means that it's now approaching about 60 days

after the breeding season for those replacement heifers

and that's a long enough period of time

that most experienced veterinarians can come out

and accurately preg-check those heifers

to determine which ones actually got bred

and which ones perhaps failed to breed

and are the open heifers that we need to consider culling.

I think it's extremely important for cow-calf producers

to identify those open replacement heifers

as early as possible,

and let's go ahead and get them sold.

And that's for three pretty important economic reasons.

Number one, we want to identify any heifer

that may have something anatomically

or physiologically wrong with her,

to where she just can't get bred.

You want to get her identified

and out of the heard as soon as possible.

Number two is that if we decide that

we're just gonna keep her and find out next spring

whether she has a calf or not,

We've put that summer and winter feed cost into her

before we actually identify the fact

that she's an open cow next spring,

and not gonna have a calf to help pay

for some of those costs.

Then the clinching point on

this particular discussion for me,

is the change in value of those heifers

between now when they're still fairly young.

Something that's gonna be say 16, 17 months of age

when we do the pregnancy checking on them,

that heifer can be culled, marketed

for a really good price per pound

because she's still young enough to go into the feed lot.

Be fed out as choice beef,

and the buyers will recognize that

and purchase her at a good price per pound,

as opposed to if we wait until next spring

to find out that she's a two-year-old

but is incapable, at least this year

of getting pregnant and having a calf,

and then we decide to market her as a two-year-old cow,

then we'll have quite a little bit of loss in value.

So I think it's very, very important

that we take the time, schedule your local veterinarian,

to get the replacement heifers

pregnancy checked as soon as possible,

identify the opens, let's go ahead and sell those,

and that way we'll reduce some of those costs

that we've just talked about.

We hope that you'll tune in again next week

and visit with us on Sunup's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

4-H Roundup

>>> The 97 4-H roundup was last week

where hundreds of 4-H-ers from around Oklahoma

got to come to the OSU campus

and for the first time nine of them got to spend some time

behind the scenes with Sunup.

>>> [Host] Go ahead, man.

>>> [Boy] Why did you join 4-H?

>>> I joined 4-H because my mom was a 4-H-er before me

and my grandma and both my grandparents

so it kinda just was always around the family.

>>> [Boy] What do you enjoy about 4-H?

>>> I enjoy meeting new people

and getting to discover new project areas.

>>> [Narrator] While Ag Television is not technically

classified as an official 4-H project area,

a group of Oklahoma 4-H-ers got the opportunity

to see how we produce stories

for our weekly television show.

Last week during roundup nine 4-H-ers went with

Sunup producer-director Ed Baron and myself

as we showed them the basics

of building and shooting a story.

>>> Are you ready? 

>>> Yep.

>>> [Girl] Okay, so why did you join 4-H?

>>> Actually my mother talked me

into joining 4-H at the beginning.

She's like, oh there's a shooting club, you wanna go join?

I was like, sure, why not?

Let's just shoot guns instead.

But, once I entered 4-H I had no idea

the family I was joining and how unique

it was compared to other clubs.

>>> [Girl] So, what do you like most about 4-H?

>>> Hanging out with people I've met

from other counties, really.

And also going to roundup and camps.

>>> [Narrator] While Ed's group learned on campus,

I took a group to Oklahoma State University's

Cline Equine Center to get video of a hippology contest.

Our students got to see how heavy

our cameras are and how to get video to tell a story.

(horse snorts)

When it was all said and done

they got to learn how we shoot interviews

and they actually got to shoot one

with local Oklahoma State University

Equine Specialist, Kris Hiney.

>>> [Student] Give me an example of what would be

on the test that they have to take in the building.

>>> So the written test, there's questions about disease,

behavior, breeds, all sorts of different things.

So, they're actually doing 30 multiple choice questions,

and then we have slides.

So, then we have a visual part of the test

that's also multiple choice but we show them pictures

and then we ask them a question about the picture.

>>> For more information about

the Oklahoma 4H program and how to participate

in next year's roundup, visit your local

county extension office or visit our website,

sunup.okstate.edu.

(gentle guitar music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Another week of movement in the market

and Kim it's starting to look good.

>>> Yeah prices are back up, actually they're above

where they were earlier in the year.

You've got wheat prices up around $5.85,

up around 95 cents to a dollar from the low

we've had recently.

You look at corn prices, recently they're up 30 cents.

You can forward contract corn

for around $3.50 a bushel.

Soy bean prices are up 60 cents,

you can look at a forward contract for harvest delivery

right at $8 in cotton.

Cotton's up on the board around 88 cents,

it just continues to stay high.

>>> That's a lot of great news for Oklahoma producers.

What's driving these rallies?

>>> Well it's the weather and lower production.

You look at the forecast for  Russia in production,

it continues to go down and the quality of the crop lower.

Right now they're looking at, you know,

you had 3.1 billion last year, you're looking at oh,

2.45 this year, you know, down 15 to 20 percent.

But that's still an average crop

if you look at a five year average.

The European Union, their production's right now

at 10% and going down,

but it's still an average crop.

Ukraine down 5%, still an average crop

on a five year average.

Now Australia's production is expected

to be about the same as last year,

but it's down 11% below average.

So, lower production around the world.

You look at exports, Russian exports,

they're predicting at 250 million bushels less

than last year.

But, Ukraine, 60 million of that,

Canada, 90 million of that,

U.S., 80 million of that, all better.

And so, lower exports from Russia,

higher prices around the world.

>>> Over the past growing season, there was a lot of talk

about protein, protein, protein.

Are producers seeing a premium on the protein?

>>> Well, the premium is still there,

but I think it's on the overall quality.

You look at the spread between the spring hard red wheat

and the hard red winter wheat, you know that spread

was up a buck 50, it's down now to 40 cents.

But however, our strong basis has held well

throughout the year.

>>> Will we continue to see prices rising?

>>> That's gonna depend on what happens with production

around the world and especially

in Australia, Argentina, Soviet Union.

If those crops continue to go down,

then our prices will go down.

If things stay as they are now, I think we're near the top.

Prices will go up a little bit, but not a whole lot.

>>> Your famous for your third, a third, and a third.

As producers are looking at that approach,

should they be moving toward pulling the trigger

on some wheat right now?

>>> Well, if you look at prices, export prices,

we're at the top of the market as we look at prices

on originating wheat from Australia or Russia, Ukraine.

So, right now I think our prices are pretty much

near the top and if they world prices don't go up,

I don't think ours can go up.

So, I would take advantage.

I wouldn't sell the whole crop, but I'd pull the trigger

on some wheat with this $5.80 price.

>>> Okay, thank you much Kim Anderson,

Grain Marketing Specialist here

at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat guitar music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, Wes Lee here with your weekly Mesonet weather report.

I'd like to start off by thanking Al Sutherland

for his years of dedication to the Oklahoma Mesonet

and the SUNUP program.

I wish him the best as he starts his retirement.

Oklahoma is now in the middle of summer

when temperatures usually peak at their highest levels

of the year.

This week, mother nature gave us a reprieve with some great

early fall-like temperatures.

On the first of August, we woke up with minimum temperatures

in the 50s and 60s.

The Panhandle recorded the lowest temperature

where Kenton and Eva both got as low as 53 degrees.

Most of the state saw some nice rainfall this week as well.

The five day rainfall accumulation as of August 1st

shows Kenton had 2/5 of an inch on the low end

and Bowlegs, in Seminole County, recorded the most

at 4.31 inches.

Now here's Gary, with more on the state's rain situation.

>>> Thanks Wes, and good morning everyone.

Well the rainfall and the wonderful temperatures

we've had over the last week have certainly done a number

on the drought we've been experiencing.

Now it didn't eradicate the drought,

but it certainly stopped it in its tracks

in most parts of the state,

and in some cases completely eliminated it.

So let's get straight to the new drought monitor map

and see what we have.

We had a lot of red on the map last week,

especially in northeast Oklahoma

and then in southeast that's that extreme drought.

That's mostly been reduced to

just bits and pieces here and there.

We still have a large area of red.

That extreme drought in far southwest Oklahoma,

that is now the main core of the worst drought

in the state, where drought seems to be intensifying

each week as we go without further additional rainfall

down in that area.

July was looking pretty bad there for awhile

until the last week when we got those good rains.

And now we have just a few areas that were below normal

significantly during the month.

Far southwest Oklahoma, bits of north central Oklahoma,

and then of course along the Red River

as previously mentioned.

Now let's go out to the future and look at August.

These outlooks from the Climate Prediction Center,

we see increased odds of above normal temperatures

across the entire state,

except a little tiny corner in the far northeast.

And as we look at precipitation,

we see increased odds of below normal precipitation.

The odds aren't greatly increased, but they are there,

so that's not a good news

for that southern tier of the state

where we have the drought intensifying.

Increased odds of above normal temperatures

and below normal precipitation.

So Mother Nature threw us a Hail Mary last week

and now we need some more of those miraculous rains

and good temperatures,

and let's knock this drought clean out before we hit fall.

That's it for this time, we'll see you next time

on the Mesonet weather report.

(lively music)

 

Farmer Aid Package info

>>> US trade wars continue to escalate

and the President has recently announced

an aid package for agriculture.

Here to talk about it is

our extension agronomist Larry Sanders.

And Larry, just give us an overview of what's happened

in the past week or so.

>>> Well we've seen the trade war heating up

between United States and China,

and Trump had said that

"he was going to have the back of US agriculture",

and he provided a 12 billion dollar program last week,

and he outlined what would be in that program.

And I think that the details

show that there is indeed some special provisions

that will help US agriculture.

>>> As Oklahoma producers start wrapping their head

around all of this,

what kind of guidance are you giving them,

and what kind of things should they keep in mind

as they digest all of this information?

>>> Sure, well there's three aspects to the program.

The first one is that

there will be a direct payments program,

so this is being fleshed out by the Farm Service Agency

which is typically where farmers go to sign up for programs.

And the FSA should have the details

of this worked out by Labor Day,

but generally farmers will be told to go in and sign up,

and in return for sign-up they'll receive a payment rate

based on how much they harvest on their land

because they will have to harvest a product.

So that payment rate times what they harvest on their land

will result in a check they will receive

as a direct payment.

So that'll be part of what the direct,

part of what the 12 billion dollars goes to.

The second part will be a

funding program that will buy surplus products,

such as fruit, nuts, beef, dairy, etc.

to be distributed to food banks

and other nutrition programs that will help

reduce some of the downward pressure

on price for these commodities.

And the third one is going to be

a trade promotion program to try to help

find new markets for some of these commodities worldwide.

The devil is always in the details.

Is it enough?

$12 billion is not enough to cover

what China buys from us in a given year

in agricultural goods and services.

We'll just have to wait and see.

>>> No doubt this part of the conversation

kinda just starting.

As we wait to learn more details about the package,

your last kinda words of guidance

for Oklahoma producers who maybe need to

start getting some records organized

in terms of what they may need to report to FSA?

>>> Farmers need to have a good sense

of what they are sitting on, on their land

what they have ready to harvest,

because they're going to go in

some time after Labor Day and

they're going to have to report

on some form what they have in the ground

or what they just harvested, what they are going to harvest

and that number is going to be used to write their checks.

So they've got to have that data in hand

some time within the next month.

>>> Okay, great.

Great information, Larry, keep us posted.

Thanks a lot.

(upbeat music)

 

Vet Scripts

>>> You may remember in October of 2016

that down in the Florida Keys

the USDA confirmed that there were screwworms

infesting the key deer down there.

We haven't had a screwworm infestation

in Oklahoma since 1976.

So what's the big deal about screwworms?

Unlike maggots, screwworms actually feed on living tissue.

Maggots feed on dead tissues.

So how do we get this problem under control?

Well in the 1950s the USDA started its

what they're referred to as the sterile insect technique.

And this is based upon that the screwworm flies,

the female usually only mated once.

So if we produced a sterile male

that would mate with her, her eggs would not hatch.

And if we did this continually over time,

eventually we would eradicate the flies.

Now, this process is still taking place every day

at a facility down in Panama.

The screwworm facility, which is run by the USDA,

is a really amazing facility.

I had the privilege of visiting that facility

back in February.

It was really amazing to see this facility.

It was amazing how precise

everything is done at that facility.

From the diet all the way through until the end

when the flies are released, it's just amazing.

This facility is probably, is estimated

that it's probably saving

livestock producers in North America

in excess of $200 million a day.

You see somebody from the USDA,

we ought to really thank them

for how much work they've done in this,

because it saves us all a lot of time and energy

when we take care of our cattle.

If would like some more information

about screwworm and that facility,

if you'll go to sunup@okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Craig County Fair

>>> Finally today, a look at just a few of the reasons

why people keep coming back

to the longest-running county fair

in the state of Oklahoma.

Here's Sunup's Curtis Hare.

>>> Everybody's having a great time.

We've had the hog show this morning

and we're getting ready to weigh-in

the sheep and goats this afternoon.

They're doing the poultry show,

and it goes on all week long

and the people really like that.

There's four towns in Craig County;

Welch, Bluejacket, Ketchum, and Vinita.

Get to come to the county fair and see everybody

and sit around and reminisce old times.

It's a great time.

The young people like it 'cause they get to come to town

and see friends that school's been out all summer.

You get to visit with them and joke and laugh

about their livestock and have a good time together

and help one another.

>>> Today I've had to bring our goats in to weigh 'em in

and we have to weigh 'em in and shave 'em

and get 'em ready for tomorrow morning.

And if they don't make weight,

you don't get to show it but if it does, it does.

>>> [Male Interviewer] How many years

have you been coming to this fair?

>>> Well, I moved, this will be my second year.

Last year I showed a steer.

It ain't my first time showing, though.

It gets people to come around and get to do something

during this year, part of the year.

Like it's all a big deal and

I think most of the little kids like

coming and playing on the inflatables.

So I think it's pretty fun for all of us

to come up here and do something.

(banging)

(cheering)

>>> Me and my friends like to mess around and all that.

>>> [Male Interviewer] What do you like about roping?

>>> It's, I don't know what to tell you.

(laughs)

It's really fun.

>>> [Male Interviewer] What do you like about showing pigs?

>>> Well, I don't know.

It's just really fun.

>>> [Old Man] This county fair's got a lot of history.

>>> The fair started in 1882.

We're the longest-running free fair in Oklahoma.

History shows that it was the same thing.

It was canning and showing animals and sewing,

and all the same things that we do today.

>>> I just get a real joy outta sewing.

I'm 98 and I'm always entered in the fair.

Ever since, ever since I had my first children

and one boy is 65 now.

>>> In the past she used to bring 100 items

and I'm not joking at 100.

We have an award each year for the top number of entries,

and Doris has been in the top three

as long as I can remember.

>>> I get very excited, of course,

I get very nervous about it because

I'm always afraid of failed and I sometimes

lose a little rest because I can't sleep.

That's just my joy, I just love to sew.

So I'm always figuring out something I can do that day,

something I can make or that I can share with somebody.

And I like to make things that I can give away.

This one's over, I start on the next years.

I don't know what I'd do if they'd stop (laughing).

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us any time at our website

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

From the Craig County Fair in Vinita,

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Have a great week everyone

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at Sunup.

(country music)

 

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