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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for June 30, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • 2018 Oklahoma Wheat Harvest Update
  • Harvest with OSU's Wheat Improvement
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Vet Scrips
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Food Whys
  • Grand County 4-H Honors the Flag

  

(upbeat music)

 

2018 Oklahoma Wheat Harvest Update

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to SUNUP. I'm Lyndall Stout.

Oklahoma's wheat harvest is pretty much in the books.

For a harvest debrief and to look

at some of the research, we're joined by David Marburger,

our Extension Small Grains Specialist.

David, why don't you just kinda start with

how it all went and kinda where we are

now as things are winding down.

>>> Well, kinda as we were progressing here

through the spring and with it being so cool

we thought maybe we'd have a little bit later harvest,

but we went from the second coldest April on record

to the warmest May on record.

So even though we were behind developmentally

we really made up a lot of ground there.

And actually harvest got started

maybe on kinda more of a normal time

if not maybe just a little bit ahead of schedule.

And with just the lower overall amount of acres

to harvest this year due to abandonment, etc.

Harvest has gone pretty quickly over all.

We had very early on, we had very

good conditions to get the crop off.

So just with that and with the lower amount of acres

we've really progressed harvest here quickly.

And then now here towards the end of June

we've been starting to get some rains

and some pockets that still need to get that wheat out.

But overall we are on the downhill slide here

towards the finish line with the 2018 wheat harvest.

>>> Of the wheat that has come into the elevator,

what's the been kind of the overall picture

in terms of quality, yields, just in general

in Oklahoma for producers, what are you hearing?

>>> So a lot of the yields kind of as expected,

below average, lot of reports in

that 15 to 30 bushel range.

Some coming in higher, though.

Those producers who were fortunate enough

to catch a rain, or maybe some other timely rains there,

in the Spring, coming in with a little bit higher yield.

Lot of elevators you hear reports taking in

a lot less grain than they normally do, as expected.

Even some as low as maybe 10 to 15%

of what they normally do.

So that kind of sums up the yield there.

The test weights overall have been

pretty good throughout harvest.

A lot of test weights coming in at 60 pound range, plus.

With some of the rains here recently

we might start to see a little bit of hit on that,

with some of that final wheat

that needs to be coming out.

>>> And as we've heard from Dr. Anderson

in the last couple of weeks, prices kind of started

to rise at the right time as well.

Let's talk about some of your research, now.

You've got a variety of trials,

different points across the state.

Where are you in terms of harvest,

and what does some of that data kinda look like?

>>> Well, fortunately we've had a pretty good

harvest in the program as well.

Everything's kinda going smoothly so far,

no breakdowns so we've been able to get

a lot of these trials off.

Overall, pretty as timely as we can try to get to them.

And a lot of that data is available now

on our homepage, though, wheat.okstate.edu website.

As it kind of stands right now,

varieties like a Bentley have been doing very well,

Joe out of Kansas, WB4269,

As you move further North, varieties like SY Monument.

Out towards Northwest into the panhandle,

those that are adapted more for that area,

like a Langdon out of Colorado,

the LCS, Smith, those are the varieties

that have been doing pretty well.

So it's been pretty tough conditions over all,

those varieties that were able

to make it through the drought

make it through those freezes,

still be able to put on heads at the end of the day,

and still be able to finish given those pretty tough

grain field conditions that we went through in May.

Those are the varieties that are really shining

at least in our variety trials.

>>> Well these years are obviously

pretty crummy for growers but they really

give some insight for researchers, don't they.

>>> Mmm-hmm. We can always learn something even in a bad year.

>>> In a nutshell, how would you sum up

harvest in a couple of words this year.

>>> How would I sum up harvest?

>>> Yeah.

>>> Overall, pretty smooth.

Not quite what we were hoping, in terms of yield,

but the harvest itself, pretty smooth.

You want to sum up the year, in general?

I'd probably describe it as tough.

>>> [Lyndall] For a closer look at variety trial results

from this year, go to sunup.okstate.edu.

 

Harvest with OSU's Wheat Improvement

Now to another nearby research field

and a rare glimpse of harvest by the Wheat Improvement Team

and very likely OSU's varieties of the future.

>>> Today at this moment we are

harvesting what's called head rows.

It's about the halfway point of the breeding program.

This is where we're starting to first

really get the separate lines of wheat

of where it's segregating.

So we're having to harvest single rows to keep it pure

and try to really segregate everything.

>>> This is kinda like a retailer going to market.

The only difference is we created our own market.

So this is the germ plasm we've created

from our breeding program, and there's 61,000 of them.

Now we're going through it and shopping.

This is my kind of shopping actually.

I can do this kind of shopping, I love to do it,

but it takes a lot of time, and it takes a lot of energy,

it takes a lot of patience.

Because there's a lot of material to sift through,

and once we sift through that, we know what we're going

to come back to the market with .

>>> The seed will be increased and that'll be mowed

to simulate cattle grazing, and then after that

it's just gonna keep going into bulk increases

and Dr. Carver's going to look at it and decide

which one goes on each year until we get down

to probably only like four or five varieties,

or lines for instance,

and then eventually, if he likes those,

those will be released, too

for the farmers to grow in Oklahoma.

>>> Just to get here it took five years.

We had to make the crosses, we had to produce

the hybrids, and then let the hybrids go

through several years of inbreeding to produce

inbred lines that now appear in this field.

This is the first time we have a true inbred line

that we can look at and evaluate,

and decide which ones of those inbred lines

we really wanna test and put a lot of energy into

out in the field across the state.

>>> The overall goal always is just better yields

for the farmers, and we're also now working

on better end use quality for bakers and millers,

but some of the major things we focus on is

getting a better disease resistance, and a better

insect resistance; those are the major things.

Also always just good sized heads, good quality uses,

good protein, just overall good

for baking and milling as well.

So it's not only good for the farmers,

but good for the end use.

>>> We had a misery this year.

It was called lack of water.

And this crop also suffered from lack of water,

and now we have that imprinted on this crop,

on this set of germ plasm that we can now

select for, for better drought tolerance.

So what was really a misery out in the state,

turned out to be an excellent opportunity for us

to select varieties better adapt to these conditions.

(bluegrass music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> This time of summer is often the time that fall calving

operations will be weaning the calves and it's the time

when we begin the growing program for those heifers

that are being weaned at this time, to get them

ready for the upcoming breeding season

that'll occur in late November and December.

We, of course, have target weights that we're trying

to get those replacement heifers to reach by the time

the breeding season rolls around.

Between weaning and the start of the breeding season,

those heifers usually need to average about one and a half

pounds per day, growing, as we go through the

mid, late part of summer and into fall.

Now the grass that's available for those heifers

right now has enough protein and energy in it

to reach that kind of rate of gain.

But as we continue through summer, and we get more

hot, dry days, and certainly as the warm season grasses,

Bermuda grass and native grasses, mature,

then that protein content begins to fall off, and we lose

the kind of quality that we need to reach those

average daily gains desired for those replacement heifers.

Therefore, I would suggest that we consider, for the last

half of summer and into fall, a protein supplement

program for growing replacement heifers.

And it's very, very similar

to what we've talked about before for stocker cattle.

The Oklahoma Gold Program, which means that these heifers

would receive oh one to two pounds of a high protein

supplement on a daily basis.

This high protein going into their rumen, helps the

microbial grown in the rumen, so that those cattle

can do a better job of digesting that average to lower

quality forage that they have available

in the last half of summer.

As we're putting together that kind of growing ration

for these heifers, that high protein ration,

then I would consider including one of the ionophores.

These are feed ingredients that basically are sold

as either monensin or lasalysid.

Either one of them will do a great job of helping

those heifers as they go through that growing period.

Those ionophores, those feed ingredients,

are helpful from several standpoints.

They will help the feed efficiency,

in other words, getting a little more growth

for the amount of feed that's available.

Both of them are good are resisting coccidiosis,

that disease that's especially a problem for young cattle.

And, finally research out of Texas A & M

a number of years ago, clear back in the '70s,

has shown us that heifers that were receiving

an ionophore in their growing program reached puberty

on the average about two weeks earlier than did heifers that

were fed similarly, but did not receive the ionophore.

And what that means is that we should have a little

higher percentage of them cycling at the start

of that breeding season in November.

So, if you're one of those that, as you're growing

those replacement heifers, those fall-born

replacement heifers, this summer and fall,

and you want the highest percentage possible

cycling at the start of the breeding season,

then I really suggest you visit with your feed dealer

and put together a high-protein supplement

for those heifers, include one of the ionophores,

I think you'll be very very happy with the outcome

in terms of the rate of gain, those heifers

reaching their target weights at the start

of the breeding season, and a high percentage of them

cycling that you can get bred

in that breeding season next fall.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(bright country music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Wheat harvest is pretty much wrapped up through the state,

so, Kim, how is yield and quality doing?

>>> I think they're above expectations.

Say you look at the yields, or bushels per acre,

I think they're slightly higher in Oklahoma and

a little better in Kansas than we expected.

Protein is gonna average well above 12%, that's good news,

and test weight's gonna be up probably around 59 pounds.

That's what the market's looking for.

>>> Is there any good news for wheat prices?

>>> A little good news, I think.

The prices are building a floor now,

you know we got those cash prices up around $5.50, $5.60,

they've dropped off about a dollar.

The basis, or that protein premium is holding,

you get the southern Oklahoma, it's around even

for the basis, northern Oklahoma, 25.

And if you look at the 19 crop, that basis is

running somewhere around minus 50 cents,

so in northern Oklahoma, it's 75 cents

lower than it is now, and in southern Oklahoma,

about 50 cents lower than it is now.

But, that's mostly due to the July contract

is higher than the July 18 contract, so that premium,

or spreading the futures, accounts for most of that

basis difference.

>>> Moving to the global market, Russia's now the largest

exporter of wheat.

Is there any news coming from that country?

>>> Yes, Russia just sold a cargo of wheat into Brazil,

remember last year they sold wheat to Venezuela,

and I asked a trader what it would cost to deliver

Russian wheat into Mexico, and he said about $7.13,

of course the United States, we could deliver it

to the Mexican border on a rail car for about $5.13.

If you look at the Russian crop, it's probably about

400 million bushels less than last year,

slightly lower planted acres, they've got some weather

problems with their crops, so it's coming in.

Remember last year was 3.1 billion, a record,

and so it's looking 2.6, 2.7 this year.

>>> Let's move on to corn and soybeans.

How are prices doing, and what type of impact

could a potential trade war have on those prices?

>>> Well, if you look at corn and beans,

the 18 crops look really well.

I think they got a pretty good handle on the acres

of production for that.

You look at corn prices, they're down 50 cents

from the high, you look at soybean prices,

they're down $1.60 from the top.

I believe corn prices are building a floor.

Who knows about soybean prices?

And I think a good portion of that price decline

is due to the risk associated with the potential trade war,

so it's having a impact, mostly on beans,

then on corn, and then a little bit on wheat.

>>> All right, thanks Kim.

Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist,

at Oklahoma State University.

(bright country music)

 

Vet Scripts

>>> Dr. Justin Talley does an excellent job of informing

all of us about horn flies.

About the importance of controlling them,

about the fact that they cost the cattle industry

literally millions of dollars every year

in loss in production and in control cost.

One other area that may not be as familiar to all of us

is the importance of controlling horn flies

in dairy heifers,

because there has been an association with lack of control

and an increase incidents of mastitis in dairy heifers.

Now the university discovered that horn flies

were causing lesions in the teats of these dairy heifers

which resulted in mastitis when these heifers freshen.

A field trial was done in Louisiana that compared dairies

that had horn fly control with those that didn't

and what was found in this study is that

dairy heifers that did not have control of horn flies

had a tenfold increase in staphylococcus aureus mastitis

when they freshen.

In dairy heifers, horn flies are associated with

teat lesions that cause mastitis.

As we all know, mastitis will decrease milk yields, and also

increase our somatic cells counts.

So it's very important that we

take care of those dairy heifers

as it relates to horn flies.

If you'd like some more information

about the association between horn flies

and mastitis in dairy heifers,

if you will go to sunup@okstate.edu.

(acoustic music)

 

>>> To Southern Oklahoma now, where SUNUP's videographer

Ed Baron takes us on a recent ranch tour.

>>> Today we're having our, kind of our

second to annual, I'll call it,

animal science/master cattleman tour,

and so we've kind of started in the Western part

of the state and the South-East's turn this year,

and so we've got to 7 ranches, there will be

4 today they'll tour, and 3 tomorrow.

We'll get to see some stocker operations.

Today is, you're going to see a lot more of the

cow-calf industry, but there's also, kind of different

perspectives on how they manage, say like cool season

forages and prescribed fire.

We'll even see a ranch today that is utilizing

the windmill technology on their ranch,

so, you're going to see a lot of different things,

a lot of different terrain that you can't believe

within maybe two counties that you would see

this kind of difference.

It's good for producers to get out and see,

but it's also good for us to get out there

and kind of bring the university to you

kind of thing, but also, see the producers that are

kind of using some of the technology that we are

talking about when we have a master cattleman course.

And they get to see it first hand instead of

seeing it on some kind of PowerPoint.

Simple things like, how people do fencing,

or how they work their cattle.

They can kind of take it home and maybe make

some changes on their own operation based on

what they see.

(acoustic music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Wesley, with your weekly Mesonet weather report.

Last week, storms did more than give us some much

needed rains and heavy straight-line winds that

damaged trees across the state.

They also left behind some very high humidity levels.

These relative humidities do more than

give my wife a bad hair day.

They make the felt temperature much higher

on the heat index scale.

The maximum heat index for most of the week

has been near or over 100.

On June 26th, it reached a high of 110 at Nowata.

Cattle are feeling the effects of high humidity as well.

During the afternoon of June 27, no areas of the state

had a cattle comfort index of less than 100.

A cattle comfort index of 85 to 105

puts animals in the heat caution category.

105 or higher moves them into the heat danger range.

Plants are not exempt from humidity issues either.

For example, peanut leaf sport infection hours

accumulate whenever relative humidity is above 90%

within certain temperatures.

A fungicide is recommended when there are

36 or more infection hours since the last application.

Here we see a majority of the state above

this threshold level.

Now here's Gary with some data showing improvement

in the state's drought monitor.

>>> Thanks, Wes, and good morning, everyone.

Let's go right to the newest drought monitor map,

and see what sort of changes all that rain has brought.

Still a very similar map, however,

one indicator that we see is very little of that

highest level of drought, the exceptional drought,

left in the state, only the far corner of

Northwestern Cimarron county, do we see the

exceptional drought, however we still see a lot of

that red out across Western Oklahoma,

and down in the Southwest.

Again that is a long term indicator,

regardless of what short term rainfall we've had this month.

But we have seen quite a reduction in those

bad colors across the Western half of the state.

Now take a look down in far South-East Oklahoma,

that's another area of the state where those

colors are starting to intensify a little bit,

We now have severe drought covering much of

the far South-Eastern corner, again,

that's an area we're simply gonna have to keep an eye on

as we go forward through the summer.

Pretty good way to see

who's gotten what is from the Oklahoma Mesonet's

June rainfall thus far.

Now this is through the 26th.

The darker colors are, of course,

the heavier rainfall amounts.

Northwest Oklahoma, lots of good totals

from four all the way up to more than seven inches.

Now let's take a look at that as percent of normal rainfall,

what we'd expect through that same time period.

Well, those reds and oranges jump out at us pretty quickly.

Again, those same areas show lots of trouble

from 40 percent of normal all the way down

to less than 10 percent of normal

as we get down into South Central Oklahoma

and of course up in in Northeast Oklahoma.

Too many reds and oranges, we need lots more

of those blues and greens to help knock this drought out.

So, we'll see what happens from here on out.

That's it for this time, we'll see you next time

on the Mesonet weather report.

(lively music)

 

Food Whys

>>> How much room do mushrooms need to grow?

As much room as possible.

In fact, mushrooms are a trend this year for 2018 and 2019.

China is the number one producer of mushrooms.

The United States comes in second.

Mushrooms are a trend for 2018 because they're so versatile.

You're gonna see them in drinks, soups, smoothies,

tea and they can also be pickled, brined and braised.

Mushrooms take on the flavor of about

anything that you put them with.

We see them in a lot of blended burgers

and different meats as well.

They're also high in vitamin B and D,

low fat, low carb, high in fiber,

and good for your mental health.

The button mushroom is one of the most popular mushrooms

and consists of 90 percent of all mushrooms

consumed in the United States.

In fact, right here in Oklahoma,

JM Farms produces 500 thousand pounds of mushrooms per week.

That's a lot of mushrooms.

They are picked by hand and they have over 500 employees.

They are also shipped to Arkansas,

Texas, New Mexico, Kansas, Missouri, and Iowa.

There are 30 species of mushrooms

that actually even glow in the dark.

The world's largest organism is also a fungi.

In eastern Oregon, located in the Blue Mountains,

there's a fungus that is considered to be

the world's largest known organism

and is believed to be over 2,400 years old

and is four square miles large.

So this year try adding some mushrooms to any meal you have.

For more information about the food industry,

go to fapc.biz and download our app

or go to sunup.okstate.edu

(lively music)

 

Grand County 4-H Honors the Flag

>>> We end the show this week before Independence Day

spending a little time with the Grant County 4Hers

who retired the American flag on flag day.

SUNUP's Dave Deken takes us to pond creek.

>>> I'll tell you, when you serve

in one of the military outfits

well you just learn to gain that respect for the flag.

>>> Not only a symbol for our country,

but it also symbolizes so many other things

and every piece of that flag means something.

>>> Symbol of the sacrifices that have been made.

>>> When I was liberated from a prison camp

we was on the road marching and then the guard said

he won't have to walk no more after today.

It was good to see that old flag again.

>>> We need to treat it with respect because

it's kind of like treating those people with respect.

>>> It teaches a new generation

about the respect for the flag

and the right way to treat it.

>>> [Group] One nation under God, indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.

>>> We're doing a flag retirement

because there were 188 flags, I believe,

in the county and we needed to dispose of them

but we didn't want to just hand them over

to someone else and we figured it would

be a good thing to do for the community.

>>> When it comes the time when I'm old and faded

do not let me fly in disrepair

rather retire me from my duties

only to replace me with a new flag

so that I may continue to symbolize our country.

>>> The flag retirement ceremonies are very important

in that it just really gives people a respect

and knowledge of what that symbol is

and how we should respect it all the way til the end.

>>> We leave the blue field intact

because no one should ever let the union be broken.

A flag should never be torn up like an old bed sheet.

It should be cut with scissors in a methodical manner.

>>> We decided to do it as kind of a

public service where anyone can put one in.

>>> You get emotional sometimes.

(trumpet taps)

>>> And we are here to sound live taps

for any time anybody needs taps.

Mostly funerals, but also for memorial days,

veteran's days, flag retirements.

(trumpet taps)

>>> Why do you fly the American flag?

>>> Well, it's the greatest nation on earth.

That's the reason.

 

>>> Always great to see young people

serving their communities.

And that'll do it for us this week.

We certainly wish you and your friends and families

a very safe and happy fourth of July.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week

and we'll see you next time at SUNUP.

(lively music)

 

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