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Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for June 23, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Canola Update
  • Market Monitor
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Rattlesnakes in Oklahoma
  • Examining sulfur needs
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Grant County wheat harvest

(up beat guitar music)

 

>>> Hello, everyone, and welcome to SunUp.

I'm Lyndall Stout. We join you today from wheat harvest

here in Grant County on the Vanamum Family farm

where they have been cutting wheat now for a few weeks.

>>> We're seeing about half the yield we normally do

on a normal year.

>>> For the most part, things have gone smoothly,

but there have been a few challenges to overcome.

We'll have much more on their harvest

here in Grant County a little later in the show.

But first an update on canola harvest and summer crops

with our extension cropping system specialist, Josh Lofton.

 

Canola Update

>>> The 18 canola crops is probably about as big of a

mixed bag as you can have. And we talked about it all year.

There were some areas that looked okay,

some areas that didn't look okay.

And that's kind of what we're seeing on yield.

There was some areas of canola

that folks are pulling out anywhere between

10 and 15 bushels and there's some areas that folks are

pulling out in between 30 and 40 bushels, so,

it's a mixed bag. It's just spotty. If you caught rains

in March and April, you did pretty good. If you didn't,

that's where we saw a lot of our canola that was

a lot shorter than normal and a lot less seed

than normal. The interesting thing is harvest

was a difficult challenge. I know a lot of folks,

because of these light rains, had an issue with

swathing vs direct cutting. We saw a lot more

direct cut canola this year than we have in more

recent years and at least from what I hear

from folks that have, they were quite successful with it.

But, once again, it just contributes to that mixed bag

of canola that we had since probably about fall

when we were getting those spotty rainfalls and that's

kinda just been the story this season.

Why don't we just carry on the whole story of variability.

That's kind of where we're seeing some of our

more challenging winter crop areas.

Especially in some of our areas in Woods counties

and far western Oklahoma. They have some really good looking

summer crops. They've caught these late April rains,

early April rains and some of the milo and the cotton

and the soy bean out in that part of the world looks

a little bit better than their canola and their wheat

did a couple of months ago.

Realistically we're in a tough spot in some areas.

I pulled this sorghum plant here and probably

some growers, depending on where you are,

probably have sorghum that looks very similar to this.

In the heat of the day, you can start to see

some of these grass crops start to roll up on the leaves.

It's really whenever you see a whole field of it,

it looks like we're growing pineapples in Oklahoma

because it looks just like a whole bunch

of pineapple leaves. This is just the sorghum's

natural defense mechanism for loosing water.

And so, if growers go out at seven o'clock, eight o'clock

in the morning, they should still see these leaves fully

opening, trying to get a little bit of sun

before the heat of the day kinda comes.

With this week and weekend's cooler temperatures

and some periodic rainfall, we should start to see

some of these things open up a little bit.

A lot of our real early sorghum maturing hybrids

are getting to be at flower or their heads are starting

to come out of the bud. Some of our really early planted

soy beans are getting to reproductive stage.

So if you do have water, now is the time to probably

do those supplemental irrigation passes,

because we are getting towards that really, really

critical stage for our corn, our sorghum, and our soy bean.

Especially those that got planted early.

(up beat guitar music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> It's been a difficult and somewhat interesting week

in the markets in Kim. Let's just dive in.

What's the news with wheat?

>>> Well, if you look at the good news,

it's the basis. It's 20, 25 cents above its July contract.

You look over the last 10 years, and that basis

in June has averaged 51 cents below

that July contract price. The rains haven't

2013 the basis averaged a minus seven cents.

That's the maximum. In 2010, it averaged a minus $1.13.

And I think that just reflects the quality of those

two different crops. You look at the board and cash

prices, with that high basis, the cash prices

got above the export price level and the man just

dried up. And so that future contract price

had to go down.

You look at May 25, the July contract was at $5.65.

It's now somewhere around $4.85.

That's an $0.80 decline,

and I believe that that is,

what we got is the basis reflects

the good protein test weight.

I think the futures price decline

reflects the export demand,

and we had to get down to be competitive in the market.

>>> So as we move towards the summer crop markets right now,

let's just jump in with corn.

What do you see?

>>> Well corn you look at the corn reports on their condition.

Corn's in excellent conditions,

and I think the corn yield expectations have increased,

and when that happens, you'd expect prices to go down.

The corn basis for forward contracting, harvest delivery,

around a minus 40 to a minus 50,

depending on where you are in the state.

You go back to, say, May the 25th,

corn futures price was $4.25.

It's $3.75.

We've taken $0.50 off of it,

and I think that's that higher yield expectations.

So right now, you can forward contract corn

for about $3.30 for harvest delivery.

>>> What's soybeans look like?

>>> Well, soybeans got a lot goin' on, you know.

You can blame everything on the negotiations with China.

Our basis has been steady at $0.85.

You look at that November contract.

You go to June the 12th, it was $10.60.

It's around $9.10 now.

That's a buck and a half decline,

and some of that is because of the risk,

uncertainty, and what's goin' on

with the United States-China negotiation.

You look at the forward contract

for soybeans $8.25 right now.

>>> Why are all the grain prices on the move like that?

>>> Well we can, you know, we can blame a lot goin' on

on the risk and the NAFTA and the China negotiations.

However, I gotta, you know, if I think about that,

if you're a large producer and you're dealing

with the largest supplier of equipment

and you're not willing to walk,

how good a deal are you gonna get?

And it's gonna cause some problems

for both the dealer and for you.

You may have to pay a higher price,

but if you're not willing to walk,

you're not gonna get a good deal.

So that's goin' in the market.

Plus, you know that corn crop just looks really good.

The wheat protein looks good,

and so I think that's weighing on prices too.

Supply and demand, I think that's also a major factor.

>>> Okay, thank you much, Kim Anderson,

grain marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

We have a number of new things at the Mesonet.

Last week was Wes Lee's first

Mesonet weather report segment.

He'll be back next week with a new report.

Mesonet has a new Yukon Mesonet site.

It went operational on Monday, June 18th at 4:45 PM.

The Yukon site is in Canadian county,

two miles north of Yukon.

We wanna thank Express Ranch for hosting this new site.

These soybeans east of Chickasha are doing well.

As they gain size, they'll soon cover

the open ground between rows.

To monitor crop maturity, farmers use degree-day heat units.

To fully mature cotton,

crops need between 2,200 and 2,600 heat units.

As of June 19th, cotton planted

on May 10th at Medford, Weatherford, and Altus

have received 34-35% of the total cotton heat units

they need to reach maturity.

Shorter season varieties are use in the north,

and longer season cotton varieties

are planted in southern locations.

Here's Gary with good news

for next winter and spring precipitation.

Thanks Al, and good morning everyone.

Well, as usual, we're gonna start

with the latest drought monitor map.

So let's get straight to the map.

Basically the same map that we've seen the last few weeks

and even the last month or so.

We do have that extreme to exceptional drought still

in patches across northwestern Oklahoma.

With the core of the worst drought

centered around Woodward and Major,

northern Custer, and northern Blaine counties.

The one big difference we do have though

would be the intensifying drought

across the southeastern quarter of the state.

We see down around McCurtain county

and areas to the north and west of there.

We do see that drought building in from the southeast.

That's something we're definitely

going to have to keep an eye on.

Hopefully we'll see some rain in that area

and stamp that out more quickly

than what we did over across northwestern Oklahoma.

We're gonna look out a bit further this time.

We're gonna look all the way out to next fall and winter.

We do have and El Nino watch that has been issued

by the National Weather Service's Climate Prediction Center.

Of course an El Nino or La Nina watch is issued

when conditions are favorable for the development

of El Nino or La Nina conditions within the next six months. 

And again, this would be for El Nino conditions.

Now the good thing about El Nino,

is again, during the cool season,

so let's say about October through early April,

sometime in that timeframe,

it does tend to bring the Southern Tier

of the United States and sometimes Oklahoma,

increased odds for wetter than normal

and cooler than normal conditions,

which would certainly be better

than what we had the last couple of winters.

So that's just a bit of good news,

as we look out towards next fall and winter,

we definitely don't want to repeat the conditions

that we had during the past winter,

that impacted that wheat crop

and fire season so disastrously.

So, let's hope we get that El Nino,

with its impacts in here,

give us a little bit more favorable conditions.

That's it for this time, we'll see ya next time,

on the Mesonet weather report.

 

Rattlesnakes in Oklahoma 

>>> Anyone who's driven a combine

has likely seen a snake or two out in the field.

But it's a different story entirely,

when you come face-to-face with one,

when you're outside of the combine.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hare takes us to Blaine County to learn more.

>>> [Kurtis] Silence mixed with brief sounds of wind gusts.

Quintessential Western Oklahoma.

But take a wrong step out in these gypsum hills,

and you may hear nature's most iconic warnings.

(rattlesnake tail rattling)

In Blaine and surrounding counties,

the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake is an abundant predator.

But today, this species is the one being hunted.

>>> [Todd] We get calls almost all year long,

we go out quite often.

>>> [Kurtis] Todd Felder is a member

of the Okeene Diamondback Club,

a club established to help landowners manage rattlesnakes.

And he's out on a call to help a producer

with two snake dens on his property.

>>> Their home is right over this hill.

This is a snake den, that first time we hunted it,

we found almost 20 snakes, three foot or bigger,

most of them pushin' five foot.

>>> While the Diamondback Club's main objective

is thinning out rattlesnakes,

today's hunt is a little different.

Todd and several other hunters are catching snakes

as part of the 79th Okeene Rattlesnake Hunt.

>>> [Todd] The Okeene is the proud owner of,

the title of, the oldest original rattlesnake roundup.

>>> [Kurtis] In the early days of settlement,

Todd says folks would kill the snakes

and display the carcasses in town.

It became a huge draw for crowds,

and it quickly turned into an event

with a surprising mission.

>>> Evolved into well, if so many people are comin' from town,

and this town and the other town to see these dead snakes,

why don't we go catch 'em live,

make an educational-type festival out of it,

we're still gonna clean up

these community grounds around us,

do the good favor for the landowners that we're doin',

but also educate the masses on,

the critical need for these snakes.

>>> [Dwayne] Rattlesnakes are still quite common,

most notably the timber rattlesnake in the east,

and the Western diamondback and the prairie rattlesnake

in the western part of the state.

>>> Extension wildlife specialist Dwayne Elmore says,

education is extremely important,

because there's a lot of paranoia

when it comes to snakes, both venomous and non-venomous.

>>> It's very rare for someone to get bit

by any venomous snake, almost all the bites you hear about,

are when someone was trying to kill the snake,

trying to handle the snake.

If you happen to get bit,

most of the things you hear about to do are wrong.

You don't wanna cut the wound,

you don't wanna try to suck out the venom.

Elevate the wound above your heart,

and quickly, within an hour or two, get to a hospital.

We actually can legally harvest rattlesnakes

if you have the appropriate license in Oklahoma.

If you have a rattlesnake that you've killed,

for consumption or for the hide,

be really careful with that snake.

Even if it's dead, it can still potentially bite you.

A lot of snakes that are non-venomous,

are confused with venomous snakes.

But what you wanna look for,

is whether or not it's a pit viper.

And there are a couple of snakes,

that sometimes will flatten their head,

and appear to be a pit viper.

The one that's probably most commonly confused

with venomous snakes are the hognose snakes.

>>> [Kurtis] Although they may give you the creeps,

both non-venomous and venomous snakes serve a purpose,

and it's best to just leave them alone.

Or, call an experienced snake handler like Todd,

to remove them from your property.

>>> These are very beneficial animals,

they control rodents just like non-venomous snakes do.

>>> There's such a benefit, or they wouldn't be here.

We want the kids safe, we want you all safe,

we want dogs and cats and the cattle,

all the livestock safe, and then,

they're going to have their place anyway.

>>> [Kurtis] Thousands of spectators will flow

through the festival over the weekend,

and you can bet Todd will be there, ready to educate them.

In Blaine County, I'm Kurtis Hare.

(acoustic guitar music)

 

Examining sulfur needs

>>> An important secondary nutrient

for agricultural production is sulfur.

We don't speak much about sulfur in Oklahoma,

because commonly we don't see that many deficiencies,

but as production increases,

we're seeing an increased demand in sulfur,

and something we should think a little bit more about.

Sulfur, a secondary nutrient, used by all of our crops

is very important in photosynthesis

and chlorophyll production,

and also the activation of enzymes.

Sulfur deficiencies will typically show up

as a general yellowing in new growth and fields.

So if you go across the field,

whether it's wheat or corn,

the tips of the new leaves will

be a little bit lighter green.

Why are we seeing more sulfur deficiencies?

One, sulfur is a yield-driven component.

How much sulfur we need is driven by yield.

Over the years, we have a increased yield

across all our crops,

so we're having an increased need for sulfur in our soils.

Now one thing we keep in mind,

sulfur is in low need, total need,

as compared to nitrogen, so for wheat,

for every 20 pounds of nitrogen that we would apply.

Now 20 pounds would be every 10 bushel, 10 BPA,

we're going to need one pound of sulfur.

That is always used for x,

so for every 10 pounds of N,

we need one pound of sulfate and sulfur,

so one pound of sulfur.

Canola and oilseed requires a significant of more sulfur,

so with sulfur for every 10 pounds

of nitrogen that we apply,

we apply one pound of sulfur.

Our average yield is a 40 bushel wheat crop,

40 BPA, 40 bushels of wheat per acre.

That demands about 80 pounds of nitrogen

to get to this 40-bushel mark,

so we are going be applying 80 pounds of N

to reach our 40 bushes yield goal.

For that 80 pounds of N,

we're only gonna need about four pounds of sulfur.

So four pounds of sulfur for a 40-bushel crop.

Keep in mind, we're still annually getting three

to four pounds of sulfur as rainfall.

When you're wanting to worry about sulfur applications,

I recommend a deep soil sample.

Sulfur is a mobile nutrient.

Sulfate is negative, so it's gonna flow like nitrate

through the soil, so we want it zero to 18-inch sample.

Look for sulfur and base it

upon a yield goal recommendation,

which can be found in the soil fertility handbook.

For more information about sulfur,

check out the SUNUP website at www.sunup.okstate.edu.

 (lively music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> We've reached the midpoint of the year,

so it's time we take a look back

on how cattle markets have been doing so far,

and Derrell, how would you categorize

the cattle and beef markets?

>>> Well, I think 2018 has been kind

of a so far, so good year.

2017, we had bigger supplies,

but we also had exceptional demand

that made the year surprisingly good.

I think to some extent that's carried over into 2018,

not quite as pronounced.

Supply is continuing to increase,

but demand has been pretty good up to this point in time.

>>> So what are some supply challenges

that the industry faces?

>>> Well again, slaughter is still going up.

That happened last year,

so we're gonna slaughter more cattle this year.

Slaughter will up around 3.5 to 4%,

but the difference from last year to this year,

was that carcass weights, which went down in 2017,

are also up relative to that lower level in 2018,

so we've got both increased slaughter

and increased carcass weights adding

to our total beef production.

>>> And what about demand?

Demand's still up, isn't it?

>>> It's been pretty good.

Domestic demand has held pretty well.

Wholesale beef values have held pretty well.

We've seen a little more pressure recently.

We're kinda at a big supply time period.

We had cattle a little bit stacked up

in this May/June period,

and so demand's been pretty good,

and of course, export demand

has been exceptional up to this point,

but we do have some challenges going forward.

>>> Yeah, well, like you said going forward,

what are some other major factors

that are gonna impact the beef and cattle markets

for the rest of the year?

>>> Well, there's a number of factors to watch here.

I guess first and foremost right now,

obviously we've a lot of attention

on this trade and tariff situation,

what's gonna happen with global markets.

There's a number of ways that could impact beef markets,

both directly and indirectly.

So that'll be a major factor.

We're gonna continue to watch these supply conditions,

carcass weights in particular.

We have some marginal drought conditions

that could get worse, and add to some of those challenges,

so we have to watch that a little bit.

And then we're gonna just be watching domestic demand,

continuing as we go forward again.

We're gonna lots of supply,

so we do need that demand to hold things together.

>>> And you mentioned the global market.

I mean, you just got back from a month-long trip in China.

Tell us a little bit about what you experienced over there.

>>> Well, the trip to China was almost a month long,

and it was really sort of broken into two parts.

We had several objectives.

The first half, I was teaching a class

at China Agricultural University in Beijing

as a part of our joint program with

that university in agro-business.

Then, after that, I had the opportunity

to travel for another couple of weeks

and really get to see part of the country,

see the agriculture, and really start

to develop a little bit of knowledge about China

and the potential that we have there.

>>> So how does Chinese agriculture compare

to the agriculture that we're used to here?

>>> Well, we traveled a lot around the country

and traveled by train, and so you get to see a lot.

Chinese, of course China is a big agricultural producer,

in total it's a big country. Most of the agriculture

is relatively small scale.

There is some, you know, technology

or mechanization, if you will,

but it's relatively small scale kinds of stuff.

Still fairly labor intensive,

you've got lots of diversity in crop,

in livestock production, and, of course,

lots of fruits and vegetables,

and other kinds of production.

>>> Alright, Derrell. Thanks a lot.

Derrell Peel, Livestock Marketing Specialist

at Oklahoma State University.

(lively country music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> As we begin to reach the real hot days

of an Oklahoma summer, it's important

for cow-calf producers to remember that

perhaps the most important nutrient

that cattle need is water.

How much water do we even have to make sure

that we have available for a cow-calf herd

here in an Oklahoma summer?

Well, there is data available

and some of the most usable information

that I could find about water requirements

for beef cattle come from the University of Georgia.

And they basically put it into some pretty simple terms

that at 90 degrees in the summertime,

they have found that the requirements

for a lactating beef cow is about

two gallons per 100 pounds of body weight.

Okay, let's refigure that.

If we're at, have a 1200 pound beef cow,

a spring cover that's nursing a calf,

then she herself needs 24 gallons of water every day.

The non-lactating animals in a herd:

the dry cows, the bulls, replacement heifers,

the calves, would require an average

of about one gallon per 100 pounds of body weight.

So in the case of that cow-calf pair,

the 1200 pound lactating cow and her calf,

we're going to need about 24 gallons for the cow

and perhaps about another five gallons for the calf

during the hot weather in a typical summer

here in the southwest.

I think we do want to keep in mind

that there's quite a little bit of variation

in the cows in a herd, but we wanna make sure

that we're at the, at least, the minimum amount

for all the cows in a herd.

Let's remember that some of these

may weigh more than 1200 pounds.

They may be 1400 pound cows.

We may have some that are heavy lactators,

giving more milk and they in turn require more water.

But to take that rule of thumb that we were using

of two gallons per 100 pounds of body weight

for the lactating cows and one gallon

per 100 pounds of body weight

for the non-lactating animals in our herd,

will be a good starting place

to make sure that we're supplying

enough water for our herd this summer.

Hey, will look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Grant County wheat harvest

>>> Finally today, wheat harvest

on the family farm in Grant County.

(combine door shuts)

(combine starts moving)

>>> Right now, anything under 13...

>>> [Narrator] With his son Waylan in tow,

Lendel Vanaman says this is his happy place.

>>> [Lendel] That is my home. There is no place

I'd rather be than in a combine.

I've been that way since I was my boy's age.

I mean that's just since I was three years old,

I rode in a combine with my granddad.

>>> [Narrator] Lendel knew then that he'd be a farmer.

First inspired by his great-grandmother,

her now centennial farm eventually became his.

>>> That's kind of where my, I guess,

my passion in drive rag culture comes from is from her.

She did it for so long and they prospered in what they did.

And then along with my father-in-law and his family,

I mean they've suffered droughts and for years

and they're still here, they're still going.

So hopefully, we'll still be going with my boys,

up and going.

>>> [Narrator] That resilient mindset,

especially important in years like this.

>>> We're seeing about half the yield

we normally do on a normal year.

It's, some's been a litte less

and some's been a little more than that,

but I'd say we're probably averaging

about probably 30 bushel where normally

it should be around 60.

The plants' been so stressed out,

it had drought, then it had freeze,

and then we had drought, and then we got a

four-inch monsoon right before the day we started cutting.

Ha ha ha, which didn't really help anything.

We've basically had everything thrown at us this year

that would put us down, you know.

>>> [Narrator] The growing season.

>>> You never know what you're gonna get.

>>> [Narrator] Like riding a rollercoaster.

>>> [Lendel] It keeps you on your toes. (laughs loudly)

>>> [Narrator] A regular wheat canola rotation helps.

>>> [Lendel] We try and do not quite 50-50.

We normally have more wheat acres than we do canola.

It cleans it up. It gives you more chemical rotations

so you can kill rye, keeps your wheat filled close to yield.

The second year after wheat has been phenomenal for us.

>>> [Narrator] Thank goodness for better prices

right at harvest, not to mention technology.

>>> You can see the yield climb

in just a little bit in there. 

>>> Uh huh

>>> Bumped it up. 

>>> Yeah.

>>> [Narrator] Lindel's used GPS in his combine

the past two years. Every row, precision cut.

A monitor reports realtime changes

in yield, moisture, and other data,

so he can make immediate adjustments.

Waylan, who turns four next month,

is his number one helper.

>>> Wheat, like, like it just spins around like...

(combine engine)

>>> He has been on a combine since he was born.

I mean, he's had to ride in one here,

he's rode in one up north.

He's lived in that thing as well as I am.

Most of the time, he wants to be out here too.

We're combining and he's combining on the floor.

I mean, he's got toys. We've got, there's combines

and tractors on the back of the pick-up,

there's combines and tractors in the combine.

(chuckles)

>>> [Narrator] Important time together

for father and son,

beginning lessons about farming,

and likely something much greater.

>>> [Lendel] If I can farm and I can do my best at doing it,

then hopefully he can learn from me,

and he will do and do his best,

and his children will do the same.

In the end there's all, hopefully,

will just be a better world

that we continue on with through us

and through them and through generations to come.

That we can do our best at feeding the world

and give it our best shot.

>>> That will do it for us this week.

Remember, you can find us anytime

at SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU and also follow us

on YouTube and social media.

From Wheat Harvest in Grant County,

I'm Lyndall Stout. Have a great week everyone

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(nostalgic, grand music)

 

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