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Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for June 16, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Lahoma - Development wheat
  • Keeping combine clean with different varieties
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Phonoxy herbicides and drift
  • Vet Scripts
  • Mesonet 
  • Teaching fire ecology
 

(Upbeat Country Music)

 

Lahoma - Development wheat

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to Sunup.

I'm Lyndall stout.

Wheat harvest is underway across Oklahoma,

and even winding down in some areas.

With that in mind, we want to return

to Lahoma, and our recent visit

with OSU wheat breeder, Brett Carver

to learn about new varieties that are on the horizon.

We're here now with Brett Carver, OSU's wheat breeder,

to talk about some new possible wheat varieties

that are in development, and Brett,

it's always great to catch up with you at Lahoma.

Let's kinda start with this first variety here,

and some of the things

that you've been observing and working on.

>>> Alright, so, yes, it's a long process, of course,

to get here, about 10 to 12 years

before we actually see the line

on display for the public to see at our field tours.

The first one that I want to talk about is this 12 seven 16

with a lot of numbers behind it,

which just means that we spent a lot of time

trying to purify and clean it up,

so that if we do go commercial with it, it's ready to go.

But the 12 seven 16 has been an interesting line for us

because it has given us extremely good reach,

and you know, reach is important

because you know, we want OSU wheat to have a broad impact.

So, it's a good, what I call, a two-horse variety.

It's a race horse and a work horse all in one.

That race horse potential gives it high yield potential.

The work horse, it can get through some tough times,

like this year. 

>>> Okay

>>> So, this one, is kind of at the top,

if there was one at the top.

But, there's another one that we have to decide,

alright, let's make sure now, is the 12 seven 16 better

or is the 13 two' o nine better?

The 13 two'o nine has completely different genetics.

We got some of that straw strength, OK Bullet,

and put it with Shocker to make a really good,

highly disease resistant, the diseases we need

to be concerned about in Oklahoma, that is,

high protein, high test weight,

with the yielding ability that's very close to 12 seven 16.

The one caveat is, it won't go as far as 12 seven 16.

It's pretty much an Oklahoma wheat variety,

which is great, that's what we want to target anyway.

So, now this is one that there doesn't need

to be much decision making going on

because, I think it's almost a lock if we can get approval

from the Oklahoma Agriculture Experiment Station

to move forward, we would like to release this one

as a high yielding, high quality variety,

not that any of the others

I've already discussed lack in quality, they don't.

This one really stands out for its dough strength,

and that's what our industry is looking for,

a certain level of dough strength that sometimes,

you can only find in that hard red spring class.

We'd like to have some of that dough strength

in our hard red winter class.

>>> Okay this one here?

>>> Lo and behold, we have something even more different,

(laughter) and this is what makes

these choices so difficult is

because all these different candidates fit a different need.

Like I talked about the dough strength

of the 13 six two one and the 13 two'o nine

would be a little bit more broad utility,

general purpose type, well, here's one

that's just specifically targeted

for a certain production system.

That production system that would be called intensive wheat,

in other words, where you pump all the inputs

into it and hope we get better weather

than we did this year, but with better weather,

more inputs, optimum inputs, not necessarily more,

get the yields up, and when you get the yields up,

we worry about the straw not taking that high yield.

The straw gives in, the wheat lays down.

This is a variety, as you can see,

it's probably not going to lay down.

It has a short stature.

It's not short because it's stressed,

it's short because it's genetically programmed that way.

>>> And one more down here, and Brett,

this one looks even a little more different.

>>> Yeah, here's another one that would be used

in a different way, different purpose.

This is a hard red winter wheat,

like all the others we've talked about so far.

It would be, the intent is for grain production,

but look, it's lacks the awns, or the beards.

We call it a beardless variety.

So, this now enables wheat producers

to expand our operations go for graze out acres,

or go for haying type application.

And, in addition to a conventional grain only system.

So, this gives us multi-uses.

>>> And then last, but not least,

what kind of things are you hearing

from growers out here at the field day?

>>> Well, I really haven't heard much yet,

but I know that, you know,

it's a down year because our crop is down.

We just had a bad year in terms of weather,

but hey, you know, we'll pop right back up.

We have the best growers in the world,

and I think we have some of the best

genetics in the world to go with it.

>>> Right. Okay, well, keep us posted.

We always like to hear what you're doing out here

in the field, and, of course, share it with SUNUP viewers.

They always like to hear what's new with wheat development.

>>> Right. Glad to be here. Thank you.

>>> Thanks a lot, Brett.

>>> All right.

 

Keeping combine clean with different varieties

>>> And many of those wheat varieties

that Brett and Linda were talking about there at Lahoma

will go through the Foundation Seed system,

and we have Jeff Wright here.

Jeff, you take those varieties

and make them available to the state.

>>> That's correct.

Brett will hand us a few bushels of seed,

and then we will plant those out

on either research stations or contract growers

in their fields.

And then, this time of year,

we're walking those fields and roguing them,

making sure they're clean.

Now, we're to the harvest process,

and that's where we're at today, is cleaning the combine

in between those varieties.

>>> And it's important to clean those combines,

because yesterday you were cutting one variety,

this afternoon, you're going to cut

a totally different variety,

but as part of what you do, you have to ensure

that it is the variety that you're cutting.

>>> That's correct.

My motto this time of year is

"No seed left behind in that combine."

Because we want to make sure that

if it's abba that we're gonna cut this afternoon,

that it's abba that the farmer's getting.

And, so, we thoroughly clean the combine

to make sure that is the case.

>>> You guys have a state-of-the-art facility there

in Stillwater, but we're here in Chickasha

and you guys are doing pretty much

the same deal here in Chickasha.

>>> Well, our newer combine is fairly easy to clean

and so rather than hauling it two hours

back to Stillwater, we've just found us

a nice shade tree here today

and when you tear it apart and make sure

we get it clean here with portable air hose and stuff.

>>> It's kind of like a NASCAR pit crew,

watching these guys go through it,

but you have to make sure that the combine

is almost, I don't know, almost as clean

as it was the day you got it.

>>> That is correct.

And we will, those guys will run the machine,

blow it down and we'll do that several times

and then me or John, one of the full-time guys,

will go back and check them

and then show them the little crevices

that they either didn't know about or forgot about

and make sure and then if it's not clean,

we'll do it again.

>>> You've been doing this over a decade,

has it got easier?

(laughs)

>>> Well, actually it has.

When I started, we had old Gleaner combines.

>>> Right. 

>>> They would take us

six to eight hours of cleaning time

to say we got them clean and with this machine,

we can cut that clean time down to about

three and a half to four hours.

>>> Okay, well Jeff, I'll let you get back

to cleaning the combine.

And for information on Foundation Seed,

you can go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat guitar music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Many Oklahoma cattle operations

that have spring calving herds

like to breed the replacement heifers

for a shorter period of time than they do,

say, the adult cows.

They may put them in the breeding season

for 45 to as long as about 60 days.

If that breeding season started in mid-April,

then the 45 to 60 days is about up

and it's time to think about visiting

with our local veterinarian, whoever is experienced

at pregnancy checking cattle and scheduling a time

in about two months when we can do

the pregnancy diagnosis and determine which of those

replacement heifers didn't get bred this breeding season.

Doing this particular management practice

as soon as possible is very, very important

I think for three reasons.

First of all, we want to identify

which of those replacement heifers

went through that growing period

and a good sound breeding season but did not get bred.

We want to find those and get them out of our herd.

Lifetime studies done in Montana way back in the sixties

really illustrated this point very well for us.

When they followed heifers that

went through a breeding season but did not get pregnant

but they kept them in the herd,

those cattle only averaged a 55% calf crop

the rest of their lifetime.

In other words, they're a pretty bad bet to keep around.

Also, we want to identify those open heifers now

so that we don't go ahead

and spend the rest of the summer

in terms of them utilizing pasture

or winter feed supplies next winter

and the following spring we find out

that she didn't get bred, she's open,

and we have to sell her as an open two year old.

We've spent all of that extra money

that was unnecessary and we still have an animal

that did not produce a calf.

Plus, if we identify those that were

open as early as possible, they're still young enough

to go to a feed lot, be fed out for a short period of time

and have a chance to grade choice.

That means that the price per pound

for these long yearlings, that weigh 800 to 900 pounds

will still be substantially higher

than will the price per pound that you'll find

for that two year old cow next spring

when you try to market her as an open cow

at that particular period of time.

In fact, she'll probably dollar out higher

as the younger animal than she would

as the two year old next spring.

Plus, we've got all that winter feed cost in extra expense.

So, there's three good reasons why I think you want

to make sure that you schedule a time

with your local veterinarian

and get those heifers pregnancy checked

in about 60 days after the close of the breeding season.

Find out which ones are open so we can get them out

of the herd and we save that extra dollars,

keep the ones in our herd that are going

to do the best job for us in the future.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP’s Cow-Calf Corner. 

(cheery blues music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist, joins us now.

Kim, combines rolling here at the variety trials

and harvest kinda on the downhill slide across Oklahoma

as wheat prices stay well above $5.

Give us an idea of what's going on in the market.

>>> Well over the last week, week and a half

we've seen a 50 cent increase in the basis

and then of course the end of this week

the market knocked about 30 cents off the future's prices.

Still gained about 20 cents out of that.

If you're looking at that Kansas City July contract

it's got support at 5.20, it went down and tested it.

Let's hope it holds there.

We'll roll to that September contract relatively soon

and that supports at 5.36.

Also note that there's a 17 cent carry there,

in other words, a step over July.

I think the reason we've had these moves

on the future's prices is because of Russian crop,

dryer conditions there, they keep lowering the expectations.

The Australians, they're having dry conditions,

they had some problems planting some areas.

That's impacted the market

and they keep lowering their expectations

and then in the European Union,

Germany, Canada, those areas are dry too.

So there's some potential losses around the world market.

We're watching that and we've got volatility.

When you have a weather market,

you've got the price movement.

>>> And with all of that in mind,

where is the protein premium this year?

>>> Well the protein premium for most producers,

what they'll see is in that basis.

Right now we've got a 20 to 25, 30 cent positive basis.

That's never happened before.

The best basis I've seen in country elevators in Oklahoma,

it's been about even, and we had that a few years.

I think that protein premium is in the basis.

Some of the terminals or sub-terminal elevators

for 11% pro, they're paying a 10 cent basis.

For above 11, a 30 cent positive basis,

and then 15 cents for each 0.5% above 11.5.

Y'know that's a pretty rich basis.

>>> And how do you think that,

How long do you think this protein premium will last?

>>> Well it depends on who you talk to.

And talking to the traders, the analysts,

they don't think this protein premium is gonna last

because we're getting in good protein across Oklahoma, Texas

and if that protein continues up into Kansas

it's not going to last very long.

However, if we lose Russia and we lose Australia

then we could maintain a relatively high price

even without a protein premium.

>>> A lot to think about.

Should producers take advantage of this market?

>>> How can you not sell wheat when they're offering you 25,

A basis that is,

y'know we went from a minus 20 to a positive 20,

A 50 cent basis increase, how can you not sell on that?

So at the minimum, get you a basis contract.

>>> So some enthusiasm at the right time?

>>> I think so. 

>>> Okay Kim, thanks a lot.

And speaking of crops, we have some guidance

on preventing herbicide damage

to ornamentals and food crops.

Here is our summer crop weed specialist, Todd Bauman.

 

Phonoxy herbicides and drift

>>> This has occurred basically every year since

phenoxy herbicides were developed.

The primary two of those being 2,4-D or Dicamba.

The biggest problem that you have with those herbicides

is probably two-fold.

Number one: essentially any broadleaf plant

are sensitive to those herbicides.

The other thing that you deal with is

there's levels of sensitivity.

Tomatoes, okra, grapes

are gonna be

extremely sensitive to those herbicides.

Trees and bushes to a lesser degree possibly.

Currently, we have a lot of herbicides in our local markets

that contain these herbicides.

In some cases, there's probably a chance that

the individual applicator doesn't realize

what's actually in that Weed-B-Gon or whatever herbicide,

Roundup, Over the Top, that they're using

and realizing how sensitive some of these plants are

to a potential misapplication or drift on that.

So the biggest key is knowing what you're putting out,

reading the label, and that's not just glancin' over it,

but actually reading it,

understanding what's actually in that,

what we're tryin' to control with those,

and making sure that we're usin' those in a proper manner,

and also makin' sure that we don't get those

on some of these sensitive plants.

The biggest key is, in regard to this,

depending up on how much gets on that individual plant,

is gonna effect how they recover.

The best way to manage those symptoms,

is make sure and keep that plant adequately watered,

possibly using a complete fertilizer mix

as part of the program, and then makin' sure

and keeping those adequately watered.

People think they're watering much more than they are,

and so making sure, especially with the dry conditions

that we've had recently, makin' sure that those plants

have adequate water keepin' 'em well watered,

that will help the recovery as much as anything.

Obviously a day like today where the wind's pickin' up,

would be a day this morning probably would have been

a great time to spray, but as the wind picks up

you probably need to stop that.

The best approach I think is being a good neighbor.

You know in the agriculture, knowin' if a grower

has a sensitive crop next to you,

knowin' if there potentially happens to be a vineyard

or somethin', say a mile down the road,

so anything that you can do to be a good neighbor,

and bein' well aware of your surroundings

can help with these applications as much as anything.

(sunny music playing)

 

Vet Scripts

>>> If you're not aware, our assistant state veterinarian,

Mike Herron issued a statement a few weeks ago

about two horses that have been diagnosed with

Equine Herpesvirus Myeloencephalopathy.

Now both of these horses participated in

a barrel racing event in Oklahoma City.

Most horses are exposed to Equine Herpesvirus

somewhere before the age of two

and after that initial exposure, the virus will lay dormant

or in an active state or in a latent phase,

until the horse encounters some type of stressful event,

and then the virus is reactivated.

Now Equine Herpesvirus is associated with

respiratory problems, reproductive problems.

We do see newborn deaths with it,

and on rare occasions you get the neurological form

of the disease.

We get damage to the blood vessels in the brain

and in the spinal cord, and this results

in neurological signs.

Now when we look at treating these horses,

the problem is we don't have a drug

that treats the herpes virus, so we have to rely on

just supportive care and usually we'll give some

anti-inflammatory drugs.

Prevention of the disease is difficult,

because although we have Herpesvirus vaccines,

none of them have a neurological component

to the vaccine.

Your best defense against this disease is

to practice good biosecurity.

If you're going to be going to an event

where there's lots of horses, try to keep your horses

isolated as much as possible.

Never share equipment with the other course owners there.

Never let your horse drink out of a water bucket

that's shared by other horses.

Don't let your horse eat out of a bucket

that's been shared by other horses.

If you'd like some more information about

Equine Herpes Myeloencephalopathy,

our state Equine specialist Dr. Chris Hiney

and Dr. Elizabeth Gee, who works for

The Center of Veterinary Health Science,

have put out some very good information about this virus.

Just go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(catchy guitar and harmonica music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Time for the Mesonet weather report,

and a new face on SUNUP.

We are happy to introduce Wes Lee to the team.

(guitar music)

>>> Hello, I'm Wes Lee with your Mesonet weather report.

Exceptionally high temperatures are having a severe

negative impact on our soil moisture reserves.

This past May came in as the hottest on record,

and June has continued with a similar trend.

Fort Cobb gives us a good example of just how hot

May and June were this year.

The shaded blue area shows the 15-year average

daily air temperatures.

The red line showing 2018 average air temperatures

at Fort Cobb was much higher than the long-term averages.

Every day in June has been at least three degrees higher

than the average.

These higher temperatures are causing plants to use

more water from the soil than they normally would.

The recent tall crop evapotranspiration map shows 2/10ths

of an inch in the eastern half of the state,

and close to 4/10ths in the western counties.

If we look at the change in the 10 inch fractional

water index, we see the areas of the state where moisture

is being depleted at a faster rate.

The dark brown areas show a fractional change

of up to .6, while the green areas show where recent rains

were obtained.

Here's hoping you get rain out of the next passing cloud

on your farm or ranch.

Now here's Gary with more on the dry conditions.

>>> Thanks, Wes, and welcome to the Mesonet weather team.

As a veteran, my number one job remains talking about

the latest US drought monitor map.

Someday we'll be out of drought and I can lead

with something else, but right now, let's get

right to the map because we still have a significant

portion of the state in at least moderate drought.

All those red and darker red colors across the

northwestern half of the state,

those are dwindling a little bit,

but we do still need some help on that area.

At least Woods and Alfalfa county, we have gotten rid

of the severe drought, and are now in moderate drought.

A little bit of improvement down in the southwest.

But look down in the southeast and across

the eastern parts of Oklahoma.

We do see that drought starting to encroach,

once again, upon that part of the state,

so that's another place where we're going to need

additional rainfall to stop the possible flash drought

that is occurring across the eastern third of Oklahoma.

The recent rains have been wonderful, of course,

but if we go back to the growing season,

we can see why we still have a significant portion

of western Oklahoma in drought.

The growing season starts on March 1st,

and you can see we have a low in Fairview of 3.7 inches,

but again, much of the surrounding area

has less than five inches.

And of course the panhandle also sets in a very low

precipitation total area.

If we look at the day three through seven US hazards outlook

from the Climate Prediction Center,

this is good for 6/16 through 6/20.

We do see some good news, and it is the threat

of heavy rain across all of Oklahoma,

and more importantly right across that area

where the severe drought still exists across

the western third or half of the state.

So that would be wonderful news for that drought area

if they do get heavy rainfall.

Of course, we do need to watch out for flooding

in that event.

So summer's upon us.

We need that rain.

We're just about out of the bulk of the rainy season,

so every little bit helps before we hit the true

heat of summer.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet weather report.

(catchy guitar music)

 

Teaching fire ecology

>>> Finally today, the science of fire.

SUNUP's Dave Deken shows us how students

in one eastern Oklahoma school district are learning

how important fire can be to our ecology.

>>> We're at the first research site which is the

fire ecology research site for teachers, for teaching.

And we're studying the ecology of these plots.

>>> [John] Far as I know, these are one-of-a-kind set of

fire research plots on a public school grounds

anywhere in the US.

>>> It's really awesome that we're able to come out here

and learn about this because if we weren't able to

then we wouldn't have like a real hands-on activity

to be able to figure out what it's really like.

Got Johnson grass in every one except for 20,

and then lots of grass.

>>> [Dave] After the students observed what life resides

in these plots, everybody gathered just outside of them

and they got to witness an actual prescribed burn.

(fire crackles)

>>> So they're learning about disturbance

and how that is healthy for this system.

And whenever we talk to the kids about that

we also discuss biodiversity, and the fact that

in Oklahoma we're struggling to maintain a lot of our

native biodiversity.

We have to have fire in the system to help

keep the woody plants from overtaking our grassy areas

and just allowing us to have the diversity that's

so amazing in Oklahoma.

>>> The outdoor teaching center here at Jenks

has been in the works for several years now.

And the students are seeing the benefits of it today.

>>> [John] Let's just go across there and sling.

Just don't run over each other.

>>> [Dave] The first burns were in the spring of 2016,

which laid the foundation

for this hands-on teaching facility.

In the summer of 2017 Bryan and his partners

held a workshop so area teachers could see

what an opportunity a few acres of managed grasses

could present to their students.

>>> And we talk about biotic and abiotic factors in class,

and we'll get to talk about how fire's an abiotic factor

and how that affects the wildlife that lives here.

One of our long-term goals is to try to get some of the

native grasses back in here, and it's been seeded some.

So hopefully over time I'll be able to use this

year after year after year and show the students

kind of the long-term effects of those burns.

>>> We're just keeping it, maintaining these plots,

keeping them up for them, because again, this is a

very important piece of work right here.

It's very great that the Jenks public schools

has allowed this to, the administration allows these

plots to be here.

>>> [Audrey] They can take away that fire isn't always

something that is bad, and that it can be something

that helps to grow and to return all of this

to what it really should be.

>>> [Easton] Cause you can really get like a hands-on feel

for what you're learning about, and it's really cool.

>>> [Dave] In southern Tulsa county, I'm Dave Deken.

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember, you can find us anytime at SUNUP.okstate.edu,

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We wish you the best of luck with harvest,

and we'll see you next time at SUNUP.

 

(harp glissando)

 

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