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Transcript for June 9, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Ticks & disease
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Sorghum test plots
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Johnsongrass & toxicity
  • Food Whys


(moving into upbeat music)


Ticks & disease

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

With the warmest May on record,

tick season ramped up pretty fast in Oklahoma this year.

We've talked about treating livestock.

And today, Extension Entomologist, Justin Talley,

focuses on how to protect yourself from ticks.

>>> So about this time of year

a lot of people are getting outside

and increasing their activities.

And with that increased outside activity,

you have increased exposure to ticks.

And so the main thing we need to be concerned about

is protecting yourself from tick-borne disease.

We have several ticks in our state

that can transmit different tick-borne diseases.

The number one that we need to think about

is either Ehrlichiosis, or Spotted Fever Rickettsia.

Those are the two that tend

to really hit Oklahomans pretty hard.

In general, when you think about outdoor activities,

especially when you're out either working cattle,

or out doing any kind of work,

you're not thinking about protecting yourself from ticks.

And so whether it's in the morning, in the afternoon,

any time of the day, you could get a tick on you.

And so the main thing you need to be concerned with

is put some kind of repellent.

If you're gonna put a repellent on,

it usually needs to be DEET,

and DEET that's at a concentration of 25% or higher.

Oklahoma, in general, is just a state

that you're gonna have a lot of tick-borne disease,

especially Spotted Fever Rickettsia.

Spotted Fever Rickettsia is gonna be transmitted

by a lot of, what we call, the American dog tick.

There's some other ticks that can be involved,

but mainly, in Oklahoma, the American dog tick

is the one that we're concerned with.

The other issue is that we have a lot of ticks out there

that can transmit Spotted Fever Rickettsia,

but it's not gonna necessarily turn into a severe disease

in people.

And that's caused by a different species of Rickettsia,

Rickettsia Parkeri, that can be transmitted

by Gulf Coast ticks.

The other ticks that we have,

that are gonna be involved with tick-borne disease,

are Lone Star ticks and what we call the Brown Dog Tick.

The brown dog tick is usually associated

with people in urban settings.

The Lone Star tick is everywhere.

You could see this one all the way

from Southeast Oklahoma all the way up to Woodward

in some cases.

And so we've seen this tick expand.

And mainly through the work at OSU,

we've seen it expand with expansion

of eastern red-cedar.

In general, when you think about ticks

and tick-borne disease, and if you find a tick on you,

it's just about removing that tick,

and removing that tick properly.

And what you need to do is use tweezers

or your fingernails, if you can,

and slow, steady pressure.

And do not twist that tick.

And do not put any substance on that tick,

'cause it could increase the likelihood of that tick

salivating, which is where some of the pathogens are.

The other issue is that we have two new tick-borne viruses

that ticks can transmit.

One is the Heartland virus,

and the other is the Bourbon virus.

And so they present themselves like a fever,

fatigue, almost like you got the flu.

And if you go and get on antibiotics,

you may not necessarily get...

You may not get any relief from those symptoms.

(upbeat country music)


Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

Summer's hand print is all over the weather this week

and into the forecasts ahead.

Our prelude to summer weather was a dramatically cool April.

For much of the state, the average air temperature

for April was six to seven degrees below average.

May let us know summer was on its way

with averages for the month five, the yellow areas,

to nine degrees, the red area, above average.

Just like April's coolness,

May's above-average air temperatures

were a dramatic change from normal.

Our rainfall has taken on summer patterns

of showers and storms in scattered locations.

On a 14-day map from May 30th to June 6th,

the Alva Mesonet site collected 8 3/10 inches.

The yellow areas had over four inches of rain.

But over half of the state was shaded blue or white

where less than an inch of rain fell.

Even in the high rainfall areas,

summer crops and grassland have drawn down

soil moisture as they kicked into high growth rates.

Along with higher than average air temperatures in May,

the month started off with winds above average.

The Spencer Mesonet site was a prime example

of higher wind speeds in early May.

Winds were typically 25% above average

in early May at Spencer.

The higher wind speeds at Spencer

drove water demand above average in early May.

Fortunately, wind speeds came down at Spencer

in the latter part of May

and that helped water demand

return to a more normal pattern.

Summer plant growth really draws down

the Mesonet site soil moisture,

similar to nearby grassland and crop fields.

On a map of soil fractional water index

at four inches in bare soil,

it looks like the whole state has plenty of soil moisture.

Most sites range from 7/10 to one.

One is the wettest the soil can be.

Compare that to a fractional water index map

for the same day, but at four inches

under a mix of grass and broad leaf vegetation.

Now, only areas with decent rains are dark green.

The brown areas are extremely dry from zero to 3/10.

This week's drought map

has slightly less exceptional drought.

The blood-red D4 in the west,

yet slightly more D3 drought areas in the west.

South central Oklahoma is white

with no drought designation,

while D1, moderate drought,

has been added in the southeast.

The drought outlook for June

from the Climate Prediction Center

indicates further drought development

is likely across central and eastern Oklahoma,

and drought is likely to persist

across western Oklahoma in June.

Drought development comes out of the June

precipitation outlook of increased odds

of below average rainfall

and the increased odds of above average temperatures

in the June temperature outlook

from the Climate Prediction Center.

Here's hoping you beat the odds

at your house or farm and get some much needed rain.

Thanks for joining us for this edition

of the Mesonet Weather Report.

(lively music)


Sorghum test plots

>>> We caught up with our Extension Cropping

Systems Specialist, Josh Lofton, at Lahoma as well.

And Josh, you have some research set up here.

Why don't you give us an idea

of what's going on in this field.

>>> Yep, we got quite a few things going on here,

so if viewers ever wanted to come to Lahoma

and kind of see everything going on,

they can see quite a bit of good soybean

and milo research we have going on.

Right here, what we're standing in

is looking at our planting dates by variety

and how we actually can agronomically optimally manage

our milo crop or our grain sorghum crop

and how that actually influences

how we have to manage our sugarcane aphid.

I know everybody that does milo

has heard of sugarcane aphid

and that's one thing we kind of are always in front of,

but the question has become

we want to plant early for sugarcane aphids,

but the question came is, can we plant too early?

Is there too early to plant?

So what we have is planting dates

that are spaced around three or four weeks apart,

and we still got two to go

on the south side of us here,

but you can tell the difference in the crop,

the difference in how it's planted,

and so we have some milo just coming out of the ground.

We have some that is still poking out of the ground.

We start to see a lot of our co-le-ah-ta is still poking.

This is just one of those components we have,

but we have several others.

Right here to the south

is our sorghum hybrid performance trials.

And if you want to, we can go look at some

of our other stuff across the way,

looking at herbicide management in our grain sorghum crop.

>>> Definitely, let's walk over there.

Josh, tell us what you have set up in this field.

>>> Well here we're actually looking at

our pre-plant herbicide programs for grain sorghum.

Anybody that's grown grain sorghum across the state

knows that that pre-plant herbicide

can make or break your sorghum crop

and that's kinda what we're looking at here.

We have quite a few of these around the state

because at each of our locations

we have a different weed issue.

And what we have here is a volunteer wheat scenario,

as well as some bindweed.

A lot of growers around this part

of the world have some bindweed

and some volunteer wheat they have to deal with

in their sorghum crops, so we're looking at

how our pre-plant herbicide programs

kind of fit with those different weed populations.

And the big thing is we were wanting to see

if any of these herbicide programs

can be phytotoxic to that grain sorghum.

We don't want to kill the sorghum,

but we wanna kill everything around it.

So, kinda looking and seeing what our systems are here,

what works best for our system.

If you have a certain population of weeds,

what's that pre-plant program,

and what's that early post-plant program

that you need to be looking into

because all of them are a little bit different.

>>> Yeah, lots of good combinations

and different scenarios to talk about.

>>> Yeah, and it's one that we've gotten a lot of questions

from in the last couple years of,

"Oh, well I've had my traditional herbicide program,"but it hasn't worked!"

So we're trying to get those answers

on well, maybe we're getting resistance,

maybe a bad application, maybe the weeds were already

coming up and you just didn't see 'em.

What are these new combinations that we can actually use

to help our growers get a little bit more control

of some of these early season weeds and sorghum,

which we all know are just very, very critical

to making a successful crop.

>>> Terrific, well keep us posted on this field

as well as the first one we were in,

and the others around the state,

and we'll be sure to share it with our viewers.

>>> Very good.

>>> Thanks a lot, Josh, we'll see you soon.

(upbeat country music)


Livestock Marketing

>>> Darrell Peel, our livestock marketing specialist

joins us on assignment this week from Beijing, China.

Hello, Derrell, give us an idea of where you are

and what you have going on.

>>> Well, we've been in Beijing for almost two weeks now.

I've been working at China Agricultural University.

OSU has an agro business program with this university

and so, I've been here to teach a course

for some of the students that will eventually come

to OSU in a little bit more than a year.

>>> So there's kind of a delegation of folks

as I understand it, from OSU, who are there.

Give us a little bit more of an idea of what this program is

it's been going on for a few years now.

>>> We've had this program for a number of years.

We've had three different cohorts

of CAU students come to OSU.

We just graduated the second cohort,

and so this is an ongoing program

where we get a new group each year.

>>> Now what have you been teaching?

>>> Well, I've been teaching the freshman class,

this year's freshman class of agro business students

that have been selected for this program,

and specifically, it's an orientation course.

It's the exact same freshman orientation class that

they'd get if they were coming straight to OSU as freshman.

So I've been trying to get them prepared,

start thinking about the kinds of things

they're going to need for career planning,

as well as the challenges that they will face

when they come to Oklahoma, and to the US

to live for a couple of years.

>>> Talk about some of the things

that you have been exposed to

in terms of those international markets,

the Chinese market and China trade in particular

that may help you and assist you as you come back

and offer guidance to Oklahoma producers.

>>> Well, you know, if we focus on the beef industry,

which is what I work with most of the time,

specifically, you know, while I've been teaching,

I've also had meetings with some industry officials

here in Beijing relative to the Chinese cattle industry,

so I've been learning about production in China,

the challenges they face, what opportunities

they're looking at.

All of these things will be important.

Of course, China has emerged in the last two years, really,

as the second largest beef importing country in the world.

A rapid growth in that.

The US, you know, is trying to develop

a share of that market.

So the more we can understand about the situation in China

and that potential of that market going forward,

the more it's going to help us, really both countries

benefit from that continued dynamic

to those trading relationships.

>>> You mentioned you'll have some other visits

or travels after your stop in Beijing.

What's next for you?

>>> Well, next week we will be leaving Beijing.

We're going to travel to several other cities

over the next about two weeks.

And a lot of it is just kind of an orientation for me,

I guess is a good way to say it,

to get to feel a little bit of the country

and the agriculture here.

We'll be traveling by train, we're gonna stay on the ground

so we'll get to see a bit more than we would if we flew

from city to city, and I think that alone

is gonna be pretty useful.

We'll be trying to explore and develop

some potential contacts that we can

build on as we go forward.

>>> Well, thanks a lot for sharing a little bit

about your trip and the work that you and the team

are doing there in China.

Derrell, we wish you safe travels

and we look forward to continuing the conversation

when you get back home to OSU in Stillwater.

>>> Very good, thank you very much.

(country music)


Cow-Calf Corner

>>> We've reached that part of early summer

when fall calving herds will soon be weaning the calves.

And certainly, the weaning process is stressful enough,

not alone during some of these

very hot summer days that we'll have.

I think we wanna consider the management strategy

called fence-line weaning at this time of the year.

This was developed out in California clear back in 2002,

when researchers took a look at the impact

of what they called fence-line weaning,

where the calves were just weaned on one side

of the fence from their mothers,

as compared to completely separating

the calves from the cows

where they were out of sight, out of mind,

couldn't be smelled or heard.

As they compared those two groups of calves,

what they found was that the calves

that were just fence line weaned,

they actually walked less, bawled less,

those first two or three days after weaning.

They rested more and they ate more.

And that's important because

that got those calves off to a better start.

In fact, they weighed the calves

two weeks after the weaning process started.

Those that were fence-line weaned had gained 23 more pounds

than did those that were totally separated

from their mothers.

And that difference in gain stayed intact

clear on out 10 weeks after the weaning process

where the calves that were fence-line weaned

still maintained an advantage.

They'd gained about 26 more pounds

than did the counterparts that had been totally separated.

So I think this does illustrate that it is less stressful,

gets those calves off to a little better start.

Ranchers here at Oklahoma that have tried fence-line weaning

always will have me point out to others that we talk to

that the importance of water

in the case of fence-line weaning.

Because you wanna remember, for the first couple of days,

we've got cows and calves congregated in a very small area

during this warm weather.

And it's going to require lots of water in that area.

We wanna remember that it has to be water that those calves,

those seven, eight months old calves on one side the fence,

can reach to drink readily during that weaning process

so that they don't get dehydrated.

So plan ahead,

before you consider fence-line weaning this summer,

to make sure that water is available on both sides

in adequate amounts to meet their needs.

I think you really wanna consider fence-line weaning

when you wean calves this summer.

Less stress, they get off to a better start.

But plan ahead.

Make sure there's water on both sides

that those cattle can reach.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(country music)


Market Monitor

>>> It is that time of year where we see

little rallies in the wheat market

and Kim, we're seeing one right now.

>>> Yeah, earlier in the week prices went down

about 20 cents, we gained that 20 cents back

plus a little bit later in the week.

I think the good news is,

we saw an increase in the basis this week.

And that means that the market's wanting this wheat

that Oklahoma's harvesting.

I think the reason we got the rally is

their lowered expectations

in Russia, Ukraine, Australia, Germany,

all for dry conditions.

I think that looks favorable for our prices in the future.

>>> Throughout the wheat growing season

it's been pretty dry in Oklahoma but it's wet right now.

What does that mean for the market?

>>> Well, it means that test weights,

for wheat that's ready to harvest,

the test weights are probably gonna be lower

than it would be

if they coulda got it in front of this rain.

We need test weight as well as protein.

So it's not good for the producers

that haven't got their wheat in the bin yet.

However, for producers that's got

the corn, the sorghum, the soy beans, the sesame,

the summer crops in the ground,

it's excellent for them.

>>> Mexico's been in the news right now

with some of the trade issues.

What does that mean for Oklahoma producers?

>>> Well if you at Hard Red Winter Wheat

being exported to Mexico,

you know, Mexico's either

the number one or number two importer

of U.S. wheat with Japan.

You look at the class of wheat that Mexico imports,

it's about two thirds, around 66% Hard Red Winter Wheat,

probably around 25-30% Soft Red Winter Wheat.

Then you've got your whites and your springs

comin' in their mix.

It's very important to Oklahoma prices

that Mexico imports our wheat.

However, where're they gonna buy wheat

if they don't get it from Oklahoma?

They can't get it from Argentina.

They already get some from Argentina

but Argentina, the last three years,

has had nine million bushels in these stocks.

That's not enough to meet up any demand.

Ha, I think the joker in the deck is Russia.

Remember Russia exported grain into Venezuela

this last year, and you know there's some

little light rumors in the market that Russia may try

to get into Mexico. That is something to watch.

>>> Okay, and we will watch it.

Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist,

here at Oklahoma State University.

And now here's Alex Rocateli

with some information on Johnsongrass used for forage.


Johnsongrass & toxicity

>>> All right, so we are here back

in the pasture river location and as we saw last time,

we control some of our broad leaves, and as you can see

most of them knock down after herbicide application.

But there are other plants coming here that might

be a problem. One of them that's pretty common

that comes pretty aggressively right now is Johnsongrass,

and there is always that question,

is Johnsongrass a weed or a forage?

Well, keep in mind that Johnsongrass was introduced

here as a forage, and actually is a good forage.

We have about 15 percent, 14 percent food protein,

and a TDN of 60 percent. But the problems that we have here

in Oklahoma is that first, this is considered

a noxious weed. So that's why sometimes

you want to control it. And also, we can have

nitrate and also prussic acid toxicities.

So the plant again can concentrate nitrate or prussic acid,

and those can being certain level toxic to the animal.

So that's why we need to avoid that the animal,

cattle or horses, eat those plants

when they have a high concentration.

When that high concentration comes,

let's say if that plant stay in a drought condition

for too long and after comes a rain,

after the rain that wake up those plants

from the drought time, is when we are going to have

a high concentration of nitrate and or prussic acid.

So after a rain that followed a drought period,

it's better that at least you wait like four or five days

before cutting for hay or introducing cattle.

So in order to control Johnsongrass, we can think about

overgrazing, mechanical control by mowing, or herbicides.

One thing that I want to make people aware

is that lots of times I hear from people

that they think that Johnsongrass will be poisonous

when the leaf show a kind of a white powder at the top.

I would say that that's pretty much a myth that's not true.

Johnsongrass can be with high concentrations

of nitrate and also prussic acid

regardless having that white powder or not.

For sure, the ultimate test would be a forage sample

that you're going to sent to a lab

and they will even do the analysis

and then come with the right concentration

that you have of those toxicities.

(cheerful country music)


Food Whys

>>> You know, at the end of a long day,

or after mowing in the hot sun,

sometimes it's really good to reach for a cold one.

You know, a brewski or a barley pop. You know, just a beer.

But you know, beer has become a lot more sophisticated,

largely because of the boom in the craft beer industry.

There's been a 14 percent increase in that industry

from 2012 to 2017. So what defines a craft beer brewer?

The National Brewers Association defines a craft brewery

as small, independent, and traditional.

By small, the Association means less

than six million barrels of annual production,

which equates to about three percent of the US beer market.

These craft beer flavors and styles

include IPAs, lagers,

pale ales, amber ales, seasonal beers and fruit beers,

plus a broad category of other,

which derive flavor from ingredients besides the hops,

like wheat beers, sorghum beers,

and stouts that include flavors

from oatmeal, chocolate, or coffee.

So what is driving this demand for craft beers

over traditional beers, whose sales fell 16 percent

from 2012 to 2017? Just like the food industry has seen

a trend for exploration of new and less traditional flavors

by consumers, so has the beverage industry.

And this demand is largely driven by millennials.

Oklahoma, which recently passed legislation

to allow wine and strong beer sales in grocery stores

this coming October, currently has 42 craft breweries.

But that number is expected to grow significantly

once the new law goes into effect, which will also

simplify regulations regarding the sale

of on-premise craft beers at the microbreweries.

So the next time you want something

cold and refreshing, reach for something

a little more sophisticated and flavorful.

Consider supporting the craft beer industry of Oklahoma.

For more information about this trend

or other interesting food trends, download FAPC's app.

Visit SUNUP for more information.

(cheerful country music)


>>> That'll do it for our show this week.

Remember you can find us anytime

at SUNUP dot,

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout. Have a great week everyone,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(cheerful country music) 


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