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Oklahoma State University
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Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for June 2, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Wheat Tour -Woods County
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Wheat Tour- Dewey County
  • Market Monitor
  • Wheat Tour - Washita County
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Wheat Tour - Tillman County
  • Wheat Update

 

(upbeat bluegrass music)

 

>>> Good morning and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Dave Deken and the wheat is starting

to turn across Oklahoma,

which means it's the perfect time

to hit the road and take a look at the crop.

We're starting out at the Kansas state line

and we're heading to Texas.

(bluegrass music)

 

Wheat Tour -Woods County

>>> Hey Kent

>>> Hi Dave

>>> How are ya?

>>> Great, how are you?

>>> I'm doing well.

>>> Good.

>>> So this is our first stop on the wheat tour.

We're in Woods County.

You want to go look at some wheat?

>>> Sure, let's do it.

>>> OK

>>> So this is your wheat field.

>>> It is.

>>> What variety do you have out here?

>>> 4458.

>>> 4458, so tell me about your crop.

You obviously have a little thin wheat over here,

but on the other hand just some thicker wheat.

>>> We do.

It's been a real challenging year

for us this year, for wheat production.

This particular field is double crop wheat field

behind grain sorghum,

and what we have here really helps to show

the drought stress that we've had.

We have an area that's a low lying area

that doesn't drain well,

really pools water fairly bad.

Then some upland ground that drains

down into this low area.

You can see the difference in the height,

and how thick the crop is in the higher area

versus this lower area with more moisture.

>>> It looks like you've also had a little bit

of hail damage in this crop, too.

>>> We have, we had golf ball sized hail

about a week and a half ago.

Did extreme damage to whatever wheat was left.

In fact, some of the neighboring fields

right down the road here have been destroyed

simply because of the hail damage,

on top of the drought damage.

>>> Woods County's kind of been hit or miss

for moisture this year, kinda like

this field here, you also had some other fields

across the county and you're kinda seeing that also.

>>> I do, yes, I have several fields that it seems like

we were so close to a permanent wilting point

on our wheat this year; if we could get just

a little shower to carry it through, we could make

grain, and really hold on for that next rainfall event.

And in certain situations, the fields were just

in the wrong place at the wrong time.

Even some of those smaller rainfall events

that held some of these wheat fields on,

unfortunately then we had hail come through

on the next event that led to the ultimate

destruction of that field.

So it has been a very challenging year.

>>> How many acres do you have here, and overall

about how many acres do you have?

>>> This field right here is just shy of 200 acres.

Then this year, I actually only have two quarters

of wheat that will be harvested, then the rest

of the wheat either has been destroyed

and will have a double crop planted into it,

or has been grazed by cattle.

>>> What's your goal with this field here,

I mean with the hail damage, with the thin wheat?

>>> This field here will be released for this season,

and I'm contemplating either planting sesame,

or putting in a forage sorghum or a sorghum sedan

crop for hay for the cows for next year.

So even the hay that we have off of a failed

wheat this year is a very poor quality,

very low yielding; and so from the livestock

portion of our operation, we need that hay

to carry them through from a roughage standpoint

for the rest of the season.

>>> Okay, well thank you very much Kent for letting us

take a look at your crop

and here's to a better crop next year.

>>> Alright, we'll try again.

(upbeat guitar music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report

Fungi thrive when nighttime temperatures climb

above 60 degrees, and humidities climb above 90 percent.

And that's what May has given us

in central and eastern Oklahama.

A map of Peanut leaf spot infection hours

over the last two weeks of May,

shows that even in the west

there were Peanut infection hours.

The green areas range from 30 to 70 infection hours.

The yellow areas were near 80,

the red areas were above 110.

For peanuts anything above 36 hours

increases foliar disease risk.

Few farmers grow peanuts in the state,

but the peanut leaf spot hour

and pecan scab hour maps give us an indication

that air temperatures and humidities

are ripe for fungal plant attack.

One of the hotspots for plant disease risk

in May was Bowlegs near Seminal.

A chart of air temperature and relative humidity

over the last seven days of May

showed nighttime temperatures, the red line,

didn't drop below 65 most nights.

Each night the humidities, the blue line,

were above 90% and, for a number of hours, close to 100%.

Make sure you stay on top of the plant disease risk.

Here's Gary with a check on rain and drought conditions.

>>> Thanks Allen.

Good morning everyone.

Well it's been a pretty eventful May.

We've had the hottest May on record

in the state of Oklahoma, about 6 1/2 degrees above normal

and beating the old record of May 1962

by nearly a half a degree, so very hot.

We have had some drought relief,

but of course those temperatures don't help matters.

However, we do have an improving drought monitor map,

so let's get straight to it and see what we have.

We continue to lose that extreme and exceptional

drought area up in the northwestern part of the state

and also down into west central and southwest Oklahoma.

So improvements there with each

little bit of rainfall that we've seen.

Some big rainfalls, mostly little bits here and there.

Unfortunately, we also see that abnormally dry,

which is D0 or the yellow color,

starting to creep into far northeast Oklahoma

and also east central and far southeast Oklahoma.

So the Mesonet rainfall totals for May,

at least through the 30th, we do see

widely varying amounts, which is the usual case

for convective precipitation.

Up in Woods County alone we have 2.9 inches

in Freedom and 7.8 inches in Alva,

and that's a pretty close area with a very large difference,

and compared to normal that's just as varying,

but we do see those areas in northwest Oklahoma,

still the core of the worst drought area,

but also transferring up into the far northeastern

and southeastern corners and a little bit

there in east central Oklahoma.

So that May precipitation maps do tell the story.

So May was a hit for some and a bit of a dud for others.

We're still in the prime rainy season here

as we go through the first couple of weeks of June.

So we have to hope something develops

to knock some more of the drought out

before we hit the deep heat of summer.

Some would say we already have during May,

but it can get much hotter during July and August.

That's it for this time.

We'll see ya next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(upbeat music)

 

Wheat Tour- Dewey County

>>> Howdy Brandon.

>>> How are you?

>>> I'm well.

How are you?

>>> Good. 

>>> Good, good, good.

So, how are things in Dewey County?

>>> We got rain last night, but we have been a little dry.

>>> Mmm-hmm.

Now, how many acres do you have in wheat?

>>> Around fifteen hundred.

>>> Fifteen hundred?

Of those, how does it look overall?

>>> We're not gonna harvest any.

We've ventured out and hayed half,

and the other half we have cattle on.

>>> What's your management been like this year?

Have you put the efforts into it?

>>> [Brandon] We have fertilized to grow crop.

We planted dates to grow crop.

Our last good rain was in October before last night.

>>> What varieties do you have this year?

>>> Raised some Bentley and some Double Stop.

>>> Overall, how have they fared with very little moisture?

>>> I didn't think, I thought a little bit

of Double Stop was worth cutting earlier.

The insurance guy said it'd make five.

It went downhill from March to April.

It decreased pretty quick.

>>> How much rain have you had at your place?

>>> Right now we're 2-2 1/2 inches since October

and a inch and a little bit come last night.

>>> I was gonna say, we're out here at Mercer's Place

and some of the variety trial signs were blown over.

We had a little bit of rain here

and it's, you know you always pray for rain,

but you kinda needed it earlier.

>>> Yeah, yeah we did.

>>> Yeah.

>>> It come maybe a little too late,

but it will help our grass.

And we need that.

>>> What do you have in store moving forward

with the wheat that you have?

>>> We think we got to clean this from the ground up,

where we had some issues.

We're just shootin' for next year.

This year's kinda done for us.

>>> Sounds like a good OKSU football fan, you know

(laughing)

next year's gonna be a good year for that.

>>> Oh no, oh no.

>>> So, what do you have going in after you're done

with this crop?

>>> We are gonna plant a little bit of haygrazer,

we're concerned in western Oklahoma about cattle feed.

We need some bales of hay.

So, we're gonna go for some forage.

May and may not go back to wheat next year,

depends when the haygrazer comes off,

we may go to oats instead of,

on some, not all of our ground.

>>> So, hopefully next year, give it another try,

maybe it'll be ready.

>>> We will.

We definitely will grow wheat.

We've gotta grow wheat.

>>> Now, that's a good question.

Why do you grow wheat?

>>> It is easy to grow, our ground likes wheat.

It seems like we get rains at the right time for wheat.

This year we didn't.

But every year, it seems like we get the rains

at the right time.

And I grow wheat for cattle.

I love to graze cattle.

That's one of the main reasons I grow wheat.

>>> Well, here's to a better 2019.

>>> It's gonna happen.

>>> Well, thank you for meeting with us, sir.

>>> Thank you.

(country music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist, joins us now.

And Kim, we've seen the team, they've been

on the wheat tour this week.

Things not looking so great for Oklahoma

as harvest is starting.

You have talked about quality all year long.

What are you hearing?

>>> Well, I think it's coming in probably as expected.

The reports say that producers that put down nitrogen,

that produce for protein, are getting test weight

in protein.

There's some areas that are looking relatively good,

as we've seen.

And then there's those producers that didn't

put down the protein, the nitrogen for protein,

and it's coming in as expected,

low test weight, and low protein.

So, it's scattered around the state on quality,

which is what we expect.

We're probably better than we got last year.

>>> How is the wheat crop looking elsewhere?

>>> Well, you look up in Kansas, they've got a better crop

than we do out here in Oklahoma.

The reports are that their quality will be better

than it was last year, of course you get western Kansas,

it's spotty and they've had problems like we've had.

You go north, you get out of the drought areas,

move on up into Montana and Wyoming,

the crop looks relatively good.

Production overall's gonna be less than last year,

maybe 150 million bushels, but probably better quality.

>>> And what about production around the world?

>>> Well, if you look what's going around the world,

and one reason I think for our higher prices

is it's dry in Russia, in Australia, in Canada,

they're having problems with dry conditions,

that's probably reducing their potential yields.

Overall, world production is probably gonna be down,

oh, two or three percent from last year.

>>> And what do you think will determine future prices?

>>> Well, it's gonna be that quality of our crop,

that's gonna have a big impact on our price.

Then, if we could get Russia,

Canada,

really only Russia and Australia for their crops

to be short, we could get a dollar bump in price.

But I think the big factor's gonna be

foreign hard wheat production.

>>> With prices around five dollars,

should producers store or sell?

>>> How could you not take advantage

of some five dollar wheat prices?

You can go, you know a third, a third, and a third,

or say a half, and a fourth, and a fourth,

I'd stagger it out over.

If you want to sell it all, and this might be a year

to buy the board, the basis is relatively strong.

You know, at a minus 30.

Anywhere from minus 20 to minus 35,

that's a relatively strong basis,

you could buy the board, the basis is already good.

Any increase in price, you'd get it from the futures.

>>> Okay, Kim, thanks a lot.

We'll see you next week.

(country music)

 

Wheat Tour - Washita County

>>> Howdy, Jeff.

>>> Hi.

>>> How are ya? 

>>> All right.

>>> Well, you wanna go look at some Washita County wheat?

>>> Yeah, let's do it.

>>> 'Kay.

What, when did you actually plant this wheat?

>>> It was first of November.

>>> Uh-huh. 

>>> Yeah.

>>> So, it was a later planted variety?

>>> It was later planted, it came behind sesame.

We had sesame in here, and we went double cropped,

back to wheat.

>>> How much rain have you had here in Washita County?

(laughing)

>>> Around five inches here.

Since, November.

>>> So, and most of that came from the last

probably 30 days or 60 days.

>>> What's your management been like of the weeds

and of the nitrogen and all that?

>>> Well with the wheat being thin this year,

you can see that we came in and sprayed weeds

about a week ago and with the wheat being short

we're gonna have to, probably have a weed problem

during harvest if they don't control them.

>>> That was my next question, are you going to take this crop

all the way to harvest?

>>> Yes we are.

>>> Is that how it's been with most of your fields, or?

>>> Uh, we're in about a 50% graze out and 50% on the,

on harvesting, so this field gets harvested

but it's, that's kind of how we rotate.

>>> Overall in Washita County is this pretty much

the way it's been?

Or are there better or worse fields that you've seen

that you have?

>>> Uh, we have a few, we have one field that's a little

bit better that was planted in October

but never grazed, but then the rest of it,

this is pretty, most of Washita County will look like this.

It's thin, so.

>>> Whenever you were doing your variety selection back,

well last year, what was going through your mind?

Were you thinking about drought possibility?

Were you thinking about weed pressure?

>>> Uh...

>>> Or did you just like a variety?

>>> Well we've been with Gallagher and Iva,

one or both of them, we're kind of getting away

from the Gallagher, more the Iva, and we're looking

for seed wheat to replace Gallagher right now.

>>> Whenever you harvest this, what, I mean,

it's always hard to stand in the field and guess,

but what are you hoping for on this field?

>>> You know about three weeks ago I would have told you

five bushels an acre, now that we've

had good filling weather, I think it could be

in the 15 range or better,

so I might be optimistic but I think it could be

in the 15, which is not great, but it's better

than what we thought, so.

>>> Take what you can get.

(both laugh)

So what goes in after this wheat?

>>> This field will probably go back to wheat next year

more than likely it may be a graze out farm.

>>> It's important to have that rotation like that.

>>> That's how we keep our fields clean.

We keep the joint grass and the cheat and keep 'em clean.

>>> So how much further or how much longer

until combines are rolling out here?

>>> I think there could be some combines rolling here

at the end of the week, for sure next week.

>>> Okay, well thank you for letting us take a look

at your wheat. 

>>> Yeah, yeah.

>>> Sure appreciate it. 

>>> Appreciate you coming by.

(slow country music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> On a previous Cow- Calf Corner we visited

with you about what we called the heritability

of some of the reproductive traits

in replacement heifers and the fact that the proportion

of differences due to genetics versus the proportion due

to the environment, the genetic side was pretty small

and the impact of the environment

or the way we handle the heifers was much greater

in terms of affecting pregnancy rates and conception rates.

Research done here at Oklahoma State University

a number of years ago by Dr. Wettemann

and some of his students looked at how large heifers needed

to be before they started to reach puberty

and started to cycle to have a chance to breed

in their first breeding season.

Basically what he did was keep track of the weights

of heifers as they first reached puberty

and then followed them through adulthood

and found out what their weight was when they were

about a four year old cow in mid gestation

and a body condition score five,

and then compared that back to the weight

that they were when they actually reached puberty.

So if you take a look at this particular graph,

it shows the results of his research,

and what he found was that if heifers

would only reach about 55% of their eventual mature weight,

that less than half of them were cycling at that point.

Let's use an example.

Say that our cows in the herd as adults

weigh right at 1200 pounds on the average.

That means that those heifers would have

to be about 660 pounds when they reach that 55%

of their mature weight.

And that's when we would have less than half

of them cycling.

If we step that up and go to about 720 pounds

which would be 60% of that mature weight,

now we pick up another 44% and we get to some where

near 90, 91% of the heifers are cycling

and could be bred early in a breeding season.

If we're really interested in putting a lot of pressure

genetically, to try to select the heifers that seem to have

the best DNA, to reproduce early in the breeding season,

then growing them to only about 55% of their mature weight

when we start to breed, will help to do that.

We need to expect about half of the heifers,

after the end of a short breeding season,

to be not pregnant, their going to be open,

and will have to go ahead and make stocker cattle

out of them or send them on to market.

If we're on the other side of the coin

and we're perhaps doing artificial insemination,

then we'll want to push those heifers on up to that

60-65% of their mature weight, say 720 or 780 lbs.

at the start of the breeding season.

That way we should have a higher percentage of them

cycling and have a much higher percentage of them getting

bred in a short breeding season.

Hey we look forward to visiting with you again next week

on Sun Up's Cow-Calf Corner. (upbeat music)

 

Wheat Tour – Tillman County

(engine running)

>>> Howdy Tyler.

>>> How are you sir?

>>> I'm well, how are you?

>>> Good.

>>> Good, good, good, so this is Tobin County week.

>>> Yes sir.

>>> How's the crop been looking for you?

>>> Not so good.

>>> Okay, well you mind if we go take a look at it?

>>> Let's go.

>>> Okay.

So, what variety do you have here?

>>> This is Bentley.

>>> How's Bentley been performing for you?

>>> Well, considering the year it looks pretty good.

>>> What's it been like as far as growing season grows?

I planted this October the 5th, and I actually plant it to,

I was going to grow some stalkers on it.

>>> Right.

>>> And we had to mud it in, and then soon as we mud it in,

it quit raining on us. So, I didn't put any stalkers on it.

We just let it go to seed.

>>> What's your hopes for,

and I know everybody wants the largest yield on it,

but what do you realistically think?

>>> Hopefully 25-30 Bushel,.

that'd be pretty good for this year.

>>> And especially, like you say especially for this year

with all the rain limitations that we've had,

kind of compare that to last year.

Did you have more rain this year or last year?

>>> Last year. Definitely more rain last year.

>>> What do you usually raise around here?

Is it strictly wheat?

>>> We're mainly cotton, we raise quite a bit of cotton

and every year we've gone less and less wheat,

since the market has been dropping so.

>>> Cotton's been pretty appetizing for the...

>>> It has and it's been good for us these past few years

especially since the drought.

>>> So what kind of applications

have you had to do on this field?

>>> We put down fertilizer in the fall, before we planted it.

We're going to do split application but,

since the price of wheat was so low,

we decided not to do that.

Fungus wise, we had a guy call and he said,

hey I'd like to try out a fungicide trial,

so we did that, and we got a line somewhere in the field

where we did the split, and that is yet to be determined

what they pay off would be on that, so.

>>> You mentioned that your probably going to be pulling back

on wheat acres in the future,

Do you think your going to stay with this variety,

is there a different one you may be looking at or,

or really what your thought process

whenever your picking a variety?

>>> Well, yield and disease resistance probably,

we planted some Ruby Lee back in you know

couple of years ago and finally quit it because,

the rust just ate us up on it.

And so, Bentley seems like it's been a pretty good one.

I'll probably look maybe in the fall,

and look at some trials and

see what looks good out of there.

>>> Well, thank you very much Tyler, we do appreciate it.

>>> Thank you, appreciate you.

(wind blowing)

 

Wheat Update

>>> [male voice] You know right out of the gate

we got all started pretty well,

we had good soil moisture.

For those producers who are wanting to target more of

the cattle side target the forage,

we had moisture, we were able to plant early but,

we ran into fall army worm at the time,

just like we did last year and so,

some producers who were wanting to delay planting,

just a little bit to maybe avoid the fall army worm,

by the time they delayed and were getting ready to plant

we dried up, and then it didn't rain pretty much until,

about February for most producers,

so it was a struggle to get the crop just established,

and we just had a lot less available wheat pasture,

in general and for those who were able to have at least

some wheat pastures we didn't get as many days of grazing

as we would have wanted so,

just that drought in there really hurt us as far as,

not only getting forage but, also getting some maybe,

some more tiller development for some of our folks as well.

Then we had some freezes in early April on top of that

and we did see some freeze injury around the stake.

The we continued to be cool there as we were progressing

through stem elongation and getting into heading and

flowering for most folks and then it switched.

So we went from the second coolest April on record

to at the moment right now we're gonna,

barely gonna miss it but, we're gonna be the second warmest,

May on record. So, we've really taken that

grain field period and really really shrunk it.

Things have really progressed quickly this past

7-10 days and so we're seeing a lot of wheat turning now,

so what was looked like maybe a delayed harvest,

when we were in March and to April,

maybe a week, maybe up to two weeks for some folks,

we've taken that gap and have come back to more of

kind of a normal start time in terms of harvest,

because of those warm conditions and just progressing

that development (upbeat music)

much quicker than we normally do during that time of year.

(engine running)

 

>>> And there you have it, a look at the Oklahoma week crop,

for the first week in June 2018.

If there's something on the show

that you'd like to learn about,

visit our website sunup.okstate.edu

otherwise we'll see you next week.

And remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at sunup!

(upbeat music)

 

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