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Transcript for May 26, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Preparing for flies and tickets
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Looking at cotton this year
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Pasture management
  • Market Monitor
  • Master Cattleman ranch tour reminder
  • Broadband research in rural Oklahoma

(light music)


Preparing for flies and tickets

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to Sunup, I'm Lyndall Stout.

Flies and ticks have really come on strong the past

few weeks in Oklahoma and here to talk about it this

morning is Justin Talley, our extension livestock

entomologist and Justin you and the team have been

conducting some research out here this morning,

give us an idea of what you have going on.

>>> Yes, for the past three weeks we've been sampling

ticks and flies off cattle and we're trying to match

it up to a fecal chemistry profile that's in conjunction

with Dr. Pete Till at Texas A&M University.

We're one of his sampling sites and what we've noticed

through this project is our ticks and flies

have really increased in their population loads.

>>> And as we've seen in the last few weeks

that that has really happened.

Give us an idea of what the scenario has been

and kind of what the conditions

have been to make that happen.

>>> Yes, so the conditions the last two weeks have been ideal

for ticks and flies, especially for flies when our

temperatures at night time don't go below 50 degrees

and hover around 60 degrees and our day time temperatures

are around 90 degrees, upper 80's.

That's just ideal for flies to develop at a rapid rate.

Now is the time and so if you don't get anything out now,

then you could be dealing with a significant fly population

that is hard to get ahead of.

>>> Let's talk about ticks now and kind of what the options

are there in terms of treating an animal and maybe

treating the space that the animal kind of lives in.

>>> So ticks are one of the most common problems in Oklahoma,

especially for Oklahoma cattle producers and it's a two

prong approach because it's not only the ticks

on the animal, it's the ticks out in the pasture

so when you have ticks out in the pasture,

that's the most challenging thing to deal with

because it's hard to manage ticks in a large area

and also it's hard to manage an area that may not

be conducive to put out an insecticide or do

any kind of management that you can

change your forage quality.

We do know that if you burn periodically your pastures,

it reduces the tick load but it's a good burn,

not a burn that just does the surface of the grass.

The other issue is that if you put a product on an animal

is that, know how it works.

There's a lot of products that are pour ons, that are

gonna last about three weeks at most.

Most of our sprays that when you spray animals for ticks,

you need to get a really thorough spray on that animal.

>>> Now we hear about, of course, you know,

tick born illnesses that impact humans.

Is there some of that same risk for livestock?

>>> So the main risk to livestock is anaplasmosis

and ticks are the main vector of anaplasmosis,

meaning they are a biological vector.

They're not only transmitting it but that bacteria

is replicating within the tick so if a tick feeds

on an infected animal and then falls off that animal,

then the tick is still replicating that pathogen

so when they feed on an unaffected animal,

they have a high incidence rate of infecting

that animal with anaplasmosis.

>>> Is now the window of opportunity for tick treatment,

similar to fly treatment or what is the repetition there?

>>> So basically with tick treatment, it's all about

your location and sometimes it's depending on

how much wildlife you have going through your property.

Wildlife can bring ticks onto your property.

A cattle manager can do everything right by treating

his animals now but still have ticks in July and August

so we certainly wanna start now but keep thinking

about it all the way through you know,

July and August as well.

>>> Okay, Justin thanks a lot and best wishes

on the research for you and your grad students out here.

>>> Thank you.

(light music)


Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

As we come to the end of May,

we can feel summer settling in on us.

The days are hotter and the winds lighter.

The rain as important as ever.

Over the 30 days from April 23rd

through Wednesday afternoon,

the yellow, orange and red areas have had

a decent amount of rainfall.

The green areas on this 30 day map received

rain but still below average.

The lack of rain is easier to see on a 30 day rainfall

map that shows the percent of normal.

Orange and red areas have seen half or less of their

normal rainfall from late April into May.

The Mesonet site with the lowest percent of normal

was Broken Bow at 19 percent.

Green and blue area are close to or above average.

Chickasha is the winner at 164 percent of normal.

Switching over to the water year that began back

on October 1st, we see an east to west pattern

of more rain in the east and less rain in the west.

Eufaula had the highest percent of normal rainfall

since October 1st, 127 percent.

Boyce City and Kenton had received only 27 percent

of their average rainfall so far this water year.

The long term lack of rainfall in western Oklahoma

is why we see the continued D4 blood red areas

in the northwest and panhandle regions

on this week's drought monitor map.

Bright red areas, D3 cover a wide

swath of western Oklahoma.

The drought designations drop and then disappear

as you move east on the map.

There is a small area of improvement between

Beaver and Buffalo with a D2 drought designation.

Temperatures have climbed from warm to hot.

Tuesday's maximum air temperatures had 11 Mesonet

sites with highs in the 90's.

Wednesday that had jumped to 35 sites at 90 or above.

The higher temperatures, high humidity, sunny days

and lower wind speeds all combine to drive

up cattle comfort levels.

Even on Tuesday, a day mostly in the 80's for daytime

high air temperatures, the cattle comfort index highs

were above 105 at 39 Mesonet sites.

Both Okmuilee and Broken Bow had cattle

comfort index highs of 111.

Cattle comfort index values above 105 are times

to avoid working or moving cattle.

It's also when cattle need extra

water to stay fully hydrated.

We have moved into a neutral Pacific Ocean pattern.

That has been part of the reason why June's rainfall

outlook is equal chances of being above normal,

near normal or below normal.

The good news is that we are not looking at increased

odds of below normal rainfall.

There are increased odds of above average

temperatures for the month of June.

Hopefully you have a favorite lake

or pool close by to cool off in.

Thanks for joining us for this edition

of the Mesonet Weather Report.

(light, kitschy music)


Looking at cotton this year

>>> One of the new faces at Lahoma this year

is Dr. Seth Byrd and Seth, you're a cotton guy,

you come from the east coast but recently you've

been in the cotton belt of Texas.

>>> Yes, I came from Lubbock so pretty large cotton patch

down there and started here end of April

so happy to be at OSU in Oklahoma.

>>> Well we're glad to have you.

And one of the things that you're gonna be doing

is really focusing on the cotton crop but the expanded

acres across Oklahoma.

Kinda talk about where you think the growth

of cotton's gonna be moving across the state.

>>> Yeah so traditionally in Oklahoma, it's been sort of

that southwest corner and they got really good cotton

down there and a lot of experienced producers

but you know due to a variety of different reasons,

we've seen cotton diggers expand across the US

but particularly in the southwest and Oklahoma

is really one of the biggest areas that we've

seen that expand so you know, one of the challenges

is gonna be not only keeping up with the new

developments and helping the folks that have been

growing cotton for years on end in the southwest corner

but the new developments and some of the new challenges

we're gonna face in these you know, northern environments

in northern Oklahoma and shorter season environments

and trying to manage a crop that's a little bit different

than maybe what's traditionally grown in those areas.

>>> What advice are you telling to producers up here

in north central Oklahoma about

thinking about growing cotton in this area?

>>> So you know, the key is you know,

it's a perennial pre crop.

It's a little bit different crop than what we see

with a grain type crop so we've really gotta manage

our input year long to really capitalize,

not only on pounds, 'cause we gotta make the pounds

but we've gotta make those pounds high quality.

And we know that if we can make a lot of cotton

but if it's poor quality fiber, it's not as profitable

so we wanna make a lot of pounds in high quality fiber

and mending our inputs and sort of mitigating the risk

of a short season environment to do that,

that's really what we're focused on,

it's kind of back to the basics.

>>> Talk about the expansion in acres

across Oklahoma and the US.

>>> Well you know, a lot of it has to do with what

we can make profitable.

What we can make work and you know,

we'd like for every crop to be profitable

and for everybody to have a wide open market

to choose what they want.

Unfortunately, it's not always like that and more

recently cotton has kind of been a little more stable.

And I think it kind of is a tip of the hat

to the U.S. cotton producers. (wind blows)

We make really good cotton in the U.S.

That's what we do.

You know, a lot of cotton is produced across the globe,

but in the U.S., we're known for high-quality cotton.

>>> What can producers be doing right now

to prepare for that planting season?

It's coming up pretty quick.

>>> Yeah, I mean, I think, really, you know,

at this point, you probably got your variety booked

and chosen, probably got,

hopefully you probably got seeds sitting somewhere.

>>> [Interviewer] Right.

>>> Keeping an eye on the forecast.

You know, right now, we really want to plant

into warm conditions, which we've had recently.

>>> Right. 

>>> But we also really need

to plan the moisture.

Cotton's a small-city crop.

We really need that first week or two of the season

to go very well. 

>>> Right.

>>> So watching the moisture, watching the temperatures,

making sure we're planting a profitable population,

not too much, not too little. 

>>> Right.

>>> And then having a good,

once we get that seed in the ground, be watching for pests.

That happens to be a big one in weeks.

So kind of prepping half of that first two weeks

of the season now.

>>> [Interviewer] Mh-hmm (affirmative).

>>> Not only the planting conditions

but also what challenges you may face

in those first couple of weeks to ensure

that we get that plant in the ground and in good conditions.

>>> Okay, thank you much Seth Bird.

The new cotton extensions, or the new

extension cotton specialist (upbeat country music)

here at Oklahoma State University.


Livestock Marketing

>>> We're always hearing about exports

and what that means for the U.S.,

but Derrell, who exactly do we export to?

>>> Well in terms of beef exports, you know,

if you look at the first three months of 2018,

we've actually exported beef to about a hundred countries.

Actually, exactly a hundred countries

according to the data.

However, 85 of those countries only amount to 5.9 percent

of our total exports.

So the other 15 countries, you know,

represent 94.1 percent of our total exports,

and out of those, the six biggest countries

account for 86.5 percent of our total exports.

>>> So whose the major markets?

What countries factor into that?

>>> Well, you know, our major beef export markets are Japan,

South Korea, Mexico, Hong Kong, Canada, and Taiwan.

And so all of those have been major markets.

They change position occasionally.

And so far this year, all of them except Canada are up

at least a little bit to quite a bit.

Canada's actually down nearly 10 percent year over year.

>>> We're always hearing about China,

and China's in the news, especially recently.

How does China factor in?

>>> Well China's one of those countries that's in that top 15

but not in the top six.

So they currently rank number 12.

You know, we've had access now for just about a year.

We're watching those monthly statistics.

China's the only one of those countries

in that second tier of export countries

that has potential to be a significantly bigger market.

>>> What are the value of the exports?

>>> You know, we focus a lot

on exports as a component of demand.

So if we send beef out of the country,

that's an additional demand that helps, you know,

in the case of, it moderates supplies and adds to demand.

That's certainly one of it.

And we can put that in quantity terms

or in value terms.

There's a couple of other factors that are very important.

Beef is not one thing.

It's many different products.

A lot of times, we're exporting products

that don't really have much value in the U.S.

So those are a bigger increment of net value.

And one of the things

that happens is when we export products

that don't have as good a demand in the U.S.,

we actually are helping domestic demand,

because we're moving products out

that we would otherwise eat.

Beef is a perishable product, and if we produce it,

it's gonna get eaten.

It's better to send it some place

where it has a higher value

rather than having it detract from stronger demand

for other products here in the U.S.

>>> Alright, thanks Derrell.

Derrell Peel, livestock marketing specialist

at Oklahoma State University. 

(upbeat country music)


Cow-Calf Corner

>>> We're well into the spring breeding season

for those cow herds here in Oklahoma

that plan to have the breeding season take place

from May through June.

One of the questions that often comes to mind

for producers is what are the key factors that effect

whether replacement heifers will get bred

during this first breeding season in their lifetime.

Well, there's a really interesting study done

at Iowa State University reported back in 2004.

And they looked at records

from over 3100 replacement heifers from six different herds

in five different states and wanted to see what portion

of the differences in conception rates

and in pregnancy rates that was due to genetics,

and what portion of the differences that they found was due

to management, the way that we take care of the heifers.

Now when they got through looking at the data

from all these heifers,

what they found was only three percent

So 97% of the differences being due to the environment.

When they looked at the heritability, or the percentage

that was due to genetics of pregnancy rate,

those that were pregnant after the end of an entire

breeding season, it was higher at 13%.

But that still means that 87% of the differences

that they found in pregnancy rate are due to management,

the way the heifers are handled and grown.

Okay, that tells me, then, that one of the key things

is still the way we grow heifers and how good

a body condition they're in at the start

of the breeding season.

It also tells me that genetics does play a role

in terms of over a long period of time, we can make

a little improvement in the reproductive capability

of the heifers that we keep in our herd.

So I'd suggest that, if at all possible,

we select heifers from the cows that calved early

in this year's calving season.

That way we'll, over time, be selecting those heifers

that should have that genetic component for a little bit

better reproductive rates.

Management's still the biggest portion of it,

but genetics can help us over a long period of time.

I hope this helps you understand a little better

some of the differences that we see in heifer reproduction

from year to year, from cow herd to cow herd, and that way

we can put those two particular strategies in our herd

to get the highest percent each year that get bred.

Hey we look forward to visiting with you next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(optimistic music)


Pasture management

>>> We're talking about pasture weeds with Alex Rocateli,

our Forage Systems Extension Specialist.

And Alex, before we dive into weeds, remind everyone

about the demonstration that's going on.

It's been a couple of weeks since we checked in out here.

>>> Right, so this is a pasture rehab demonstration.

What I am trying to do here is to bring this pasture

back to productivity, controlling weeds,

and also doing good management.

So that's what we're trying to do this season

here in this pasture.

>>> Okay, since we were last out here a couple of weeks ago,

things have changed a little bit,

including the appearance of quite a few weeds.

Give us an update.

>>> So before even we dive on weed control

specifically in this pasture, I'd like to say something.

When we talk about weed control in a pasture

the rule of thumb is for we have a good economic return

we need to think the 30% weed infestation threshold.

Well, what I mean with that?

Let's say if you have a pasture that is dominated

30% by weed in ground cover, well, if we really do

a good weed control followed by good also fertilization,

hopefully we get water.

What happen is the amount of forage that we are

going to have produced as a plus, we will pay off.

For example, let's say we have a pasture that has

30% dominated by weeds, and we are producing

about 4,000 pounds per acre.

If the producer go there and really control

those 30% weeds, they can release about 1,200 pounds

per acre of forage production.

In my opinion, that's a significant amount.

>>> In terms of treating these weeds

at the stage they are now, what's the best approach?

>>> What we need to apply now is a selective herbicide.

As you can see, the bermuda grass green up,

so we need to apply some that's not gonna hurt

our bermuda grass, just going to kill the broadleaf weeds.

So what we need to apply here, what we come up is

a mix of dicamba and 2,4-D.

And I really like when you work with mixes

because if we just have a molecule, let's say 2,4-D working,

that molecule, that herbicide will kill some of the weeds

but not all of them.

But the dicamba can come and complement and kill the others,

so as you can see we have a bigger, wider,

spectrum of control.

And also, we might be decreasing the potential

develop weed resistance.

>>> And that is for this pasture, but we've talked

before, and of course, every pasture is unique

and has its own unique approach, right?

>>> Right, exactly.

So everything that I told you so far is specifically

for this pasture.

Each pasture is going to have different weeds

in different states, so the type of herbicide

and also the rate's gonna change.

>>> So check in with a County Extension Office.

>>> Exactly right.

>>> Okay Alex, thanks a lot,

and we'll check in with you again soon.

>>> Of course.

(optimistic music)

(upbeat guitar tune)


Market Monitor

>>> Combines will be rolling soon in Oklahoma and Kim,

by golly there's some good news in the wheat markets.

>>> Well you look at prices on that KC July contract,

you've had about a 50 cent increase, we've had some

improvements around the bases, you look at

cash prices for harvest delivered wheat, anywhere from

$5.20 to one location, $5.50, so that price

is significantly higher and that's always good news.

>>> What's driving this good news in the markets?

>>> Well it's bad news, so you look at

what's going on weather wise, the potential yields,

the potential quality of the crop,

I talked to a producer down in southwestern Oklahoma

and he said, for the first time in over 40 years

he probably won't harvest a grain of wheat.

You look at, talk to elevator manager, say at Frederick

and he said, yeah our harvest will probably start

in the next week or so and it'll probably last

two or three days, another one

said it probably should just last two or three days,

but the producers will drag it out, so lower production,

and some questions on quality in certain locations

I think are driving these prices higher.

>>> So that question on the crop, is that a worldwide problem?

>>> Well that's a good point there if you look at

what's going on in Russia, Australia, Canada, all those

countries also have dry conditions,

you know Russia lowered their yield expectations

this last week so, lower expectations for Canada,

Australia, and Russia, that's also I think

having a positive impact on our prices.

>>> So let's bring it back to Oklahoma,

when the wheat producer brings the wheat in,

what are gonna be some of the pluses and minuses

that may impact the price?

>>> Well the positive thing's if that wheat's got 58 plus

or 59 pound plus test weight and if

it's got protein above 12 that's gonna be

some pretty valuable wheat, and there's some potential there

to get premium, so above that $5, and say 30 cents price,

but on the other hand, I think discounts are gonna be

relatively high, they're gonna look at test weight,

if you don't have test weight or grade, you're gonna get

a pretty big discount, if you got foreign material

or dockage, you're also gonna get discounts.

So those discounts are gonna be relatively high this year.

>>> Okay, thank you much Kim Anderson, grain marketing

specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

And now here's Dave Lalman with a cattle event

going in in southern Oklahoma next week.


Master Cattleman ranch tour reminder

>>> We're gonna visit some of the most beautiful

ranches in the state, progressive operations

that these ranches range from 10,000 to 35,000 acres.

Topics that would be covered on the tour would be,

include prescribed fire, we'll talk about

winter supplementation, grazing management, spring

versus fall calving, and genetics, a whole host of topics.

So we'll be in and around the Arbuckle mountains

and down close to Eureka in Stephens, Jefferson,

and Carter counties, but there'll be a broad

diversity of topics covered, and types of beef cattle

production operations, so it'll be very educational.


Broadband research in rural Oklahoma

>>> Finally today, broadband internet

is slow to reach parts of rural Oklahoma.

But an Oklahoma State University researcher is partnering

with select libraries around the state

to see if in fact, there is a need for speed.

>>> I remember how excited I was,

the first time of connecting to AOL, and hearing

the modem and I thought wow, this is really neat,

and I thought that was fantastic.

And we're not the most technologically advanced as a family,

but we try to keep up with the changes and all that.

We hope someday they'll finally get fiber optics in our area

but my wife and I were always looking for

a reliable program, fast and reliable.

I'd never used a hotspot like that before.

>>> Brian contacted me, and just asked me if we would

be interested in doing a hotspot pilot program

I didn't even know what a hotspot was at the time

So I was like, uh, explain that.

And in this area, rural is a little bit hard to get internet

from either company, I mean there's two major companies

that service here, neither one of them really do

rural very well, so you've got all that rural population

that has very limited access to internet,

so I mean it is expensive for the companies to run the lines

and reach all those rural places,

'cause there may be a mile in between houses.

>>> Our waiting list up until recently was about

20 to 22 people, and they check them out for a week.

We recently added three more, and so that has gone down

quite a bit, but it's between 13 and 19, generally.

>>> [Interviewer] Do you have high speed

internet at your house?

>>> No I do not, the only internet service I have

is the data that I have on my phone.

You know, it's a little more expensive around

rural areas to get it, it's available out there but

sometimes the speed's not very good if you do get it,

you're paying for it, and sometimes

it's just in and out, you can't actually use it.

You know, I've gone back and I've started doing research

on opening a small business again.

So it's been useful that way, I use it for

all sorts of things though, you know there's genealogy,

there's, you know just about anything that you can think of.

I have a niece that lives in Germany

right now, so we video chat.

So you know, it just serves lots of purposes.

>>> Everybody give it a 10 out of 10, I mean, it's like

you know they would absolutely recommend it to their

neighbor, to their family and friends,

and the success stories we've seen

about people starting small businesses, staying in touch

with other people, just making productive use

of the internet is really amazing.

>>> What I do, consulting, and then what my wife does

is surface design and use up a lot of...

And that was a problem we had before,

was with data, which you know we had to discover

data and how fast you can blow through that.

It's really helpful and we appreciate it

and now I said the whole business of internet

has changed so much in the last five to 10 years.

>>> [Bryan] There's this digital divide,

between urban households, they connect at about

75% of households have an internet connection,

and rural households, which only have about

a 60, 65% so there's this persistent

kind of 10 percentage point gap, and what we're trying to do

is to address that gap, get people

to use the internet, see the advantages of it,

and kind of look at the issue that way.

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime on our website

at, and also

follow us on Youtube, and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone,

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at sun up.

(upbeat harmonica and guitar tune)


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