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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for May 19, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Talking wheat varieties
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Soil moisture
  • Market Monitor
  • Scout before using insecticide
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Special Clover

 

(upbeat music)

 

Talking wheat varieties

>>> [Lyndall] Hello everyone, and welcome to Sunup.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We join you today from the north-central research station

at Lahoma for the annual Wheat Field Day.

As momentum builds toward harvest,

it's the perfect time of year for

producers to interact with researchers

and extension specialists to share

information and share ideas.

>>> [Dave] One of the great things about coming

to Lahoma is talking with the state specialist

about wheat varieties and David,

you've been talking with producers

and really talking with them about the

differences in varieties.

There's three that came out last year.

How are those varieties doing?

>>> [David] Over all it's just been a very tough year,

so when we talk a lot about some of these varieties,

especially about drought tolerance,

we are definitely going to put that to the test.

And the performance on these three varieties,

for example, is going to be did we catch some rainfall?

So there're some pockets where

these look really good.

There are other pockets where

they do not look as hot, and that comes down

again to a lot of the rainfall.

Also a little bit on those freeze injuries

that we had the earlier part of April,

and those varieties, two of the three varieties,

being earlier maturing varieties,

so when we have those varieties

that are a little more progressed in their development,

and we get those cold temperatures,

we start increasing our susceptibility,

or how much damage we can do to those plants

under those freezing conditions.

>>> We've focused on these three.

Are there other varieties that

you've seen across the state that

you're telling producers are maybe

looking better than others?

>>> Yeah, you bet, and this is all going to come down,

and I know I always kind of beat

around the bush on this particular question,

but it really boils down to what is

your type of management, are you dual purpose,

are you grain only?

It depends on did we catch some of those rains,

and what is that management system that we have currently?

So for example, in places where we had these varieties

under grazing, those more dual-purpose varieties

at the moment, are going to be the ones

that stand out a little bit more.

For example here you have a Smith's gold, or

something like a Bentley or a WB4458, an SY Monument,

those types of varieties.

>>> So right now a lot of the wheat varieties,

some are looking alike, some are not.

Is there a dark horse in this race right now?

>>> You bet, there could be.

We have an example here of Lahoma where

we're going to have pretty good yield potential over all

and to go along with your comment,

as you scan across these, a lot of

these varieties look really well.

And that's one reason why I beat around the bush

on that question what varieties are really poking out.

Because this is going to a year for example

in particular, those varieties that are gonna have

a lot better drought tolerance and maybe

escape the freeze a lot better than other varieties,

who are able to get tillers and

be able to produce heads from those tillers.

Because we've got a lot of wheat fields out there

to where you scan across the field

and it doesn't look too bad, in some cases.

It's not going to look great over all,

but it doesn't look too bad,

but when you walk out in that field,

it's definitely a lot thinner

than we'd like to see in terms of the number of heads.

So to go along with your comment there,

the dark horse, there could be that variety

that's able to put on those heads,

then who's going to be able to finish this race.

These warm temperatures, these 95 degree days,

and the wind that we've got here,

so those varieties that are going

to be able to finish better under

these conditions are going to be

the ones most likely to rise to the top.

>>> You travel across the state looking at wheat.

Over all are we ahead of schedule,

are we behind schedule from where we should be?

>>> Getting into when we were into heading,

and I've heard this from a number of producers as well,

kind of on average the number I've heard

from producers is about maybe 10 days

behind when we were getting into the heading phase.

And that was across the state.

In terms of comparing that to when we take

our heading notes, we were definitely

in that 10 days to 14 days behind average.

Now that's not to say that harvest is going

to end up being 10 or 14 days later.

With these 95 degree days, that can definitely

help shrink that gap, shorten that

grain fill period and it may end up being

to where we have more of a, we start harvest

more on an average time.

>>> Okay, thank you much, David.

And for more information and a link

to his blog, go to our website,

sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> One of Murphy's Laws in the beef cattle business

is that the wildest, craziest cow that we have in our herd

is often a very good cow that we'd like to keep.

But on the other hand, if she's dangerous,

if she's hard on the equipment,

there's a part of us that would like to say,

let's go ahead and cull her and send her to town

and get her out of our hair.

Well, now I think we've got another good reason

to go ahead and market those very, very crazy cows.

Those that are hard to handle.

University of Florida scientists looked at a two-year study

where they had Braford cows and British-Brahman cross cows

and they looked at a disposition score on each cow

and then they followed those cows through a natural

breeding season where the cows were turned out

in the pasture with adequate bull power to see

if the disposition of these cows

actually affected rebreeding performance.

The method that they used in order to determine

a disposition of the cows was basically threefold.

They scored them in a one through five score

as they put the cows on the chute.

How they acted.

Whether they were constantly trying to shake the chute,

move around, or whether they stood calmly.

They also kept track of what they called the exit velocity.

When they opened the gate,

how fast those cows would exit that chute.

And then the third score was just out in a pen where

the cow would be in a pen and then a human

would walk into that pen.

How did the cow act?

Again, all of those were given one through five scores

and then the average was the temperament score

for that individual cow.

Well, what they found over a two-year period of time

with all of these cows was that there was

a very good correlation between the temperament score

and reproductive performance.

In other words, those cows that were more docile, calmer,

had the lower disposition scores,

had the higher rebreed percentage.

It varied in both years from about 90% on the cows

that were calm to down 70% or even the second year

lower than that in terms of those cows that got the average

of about a five on their disposition score

and therefore, those cows were the ones

that were really, really berserk

and crazy-acting when they're on the chute.

Now remember, this particular study was done

where the reproduction was taking place in a natural,

breeding pasture under no stress from human element.

But still, the cows that were wilder

were ones that had the lower rebreeding performance.

So I think that as we're looking at cows next fall

as to which ones we might want to cull,

if we have some other reasons to consider her

and we know that she's one of those

with the poor disposition,

that's a good reason to go ahead and send her on to town

because she's going to be one of those that's more likely

to show up in the following breeding season.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(upbeat country music)

 

Soil moisture

>>> We're here at Lahoma with Jason Warren,

our soil and water conservation specialist.

Jason, today we're talking

about the dynamics of soil moisture

and you kind of have a demonstration to show us.

Why is all of this important?

>>> Well, you know, the last five months

have been abnormally dry.

We're in a drought condition in Western Oklahoma,

if not most of Oklahoma.

And so it's becoming more important that we

start to understand how our subsoil moisture

is going to affect the success of our fall in crop.

We've seen a lot of prior management

and how it's influenced our current wheat crop.

If we followed wheat behind soy beans or corn or milo,

that wheat struggled, particularly west of I-35

to make a head, let alone make grain.

And so now we're moving into the summer season

and we need to start thinking about our soil moisture

and how much of it we have in order

to adjust our input strategies.

>>> Okay, so kind of give us an idea of how all that works.

>>> Well, one tool I like to use is a tile rod.

So this is a small one.

It's a three-foot tile rod and what we can simply do

is push that into the ground and the depth to which

it can be pushed is about two and a half feet.

Now I could push it farther,

but it's just a struggle to get down that low.

But that tells me that we at least have

two, two and a half feet of soil moisture,

which is somewhere around inch and a half

to two inches per foot, in this silt loam.

And so then, we can understand how much

water a crop needs, and if we can't push it

into the ground like that, we know that if we don't,

we're gonna be living on rainfall.

But this moisture here is moisture we've stored

that we can use in the future.

And we can look over and see the effect

of weeds, for instance, if we go over

and see these henbit, that is the effect

of that weed on the soil moisture.

Where we have clean fallow,

we have good moisture, and that weed

is preventing me from sticking it in the ground,

but just right there, we have moisture.

And so, Josh Lofton is gonna plant

milo or soybeans here, and he'll see that effect

if we get limited rain this summer,

he'll see the effect of that weed throughout the year.

And so then we want to think about how

we might adjust our yield building inputs,

like nitrogen or seeding rate.

We want to protect against weeds,

and we want to control weeds,

and maximize crop health, but we want

to think about limiting our inputs

like nitrogen and seeding rates

that actually build maximum yield.

>>> And all of this is really important,

given the conditions that we have right now,

and other economic factors, right?

>>> Exactly, and like I say, we're in a dry period,

a dry condition, we listen to the climatologists

or long-range forecasts, they're not positive

for excess rain or above average rainfall.

We're looking at potentially below average rainfall,

and when we're sitting in a soil moisture deficit,

that even compounds it further,

but if we've had good fallow periods

and we've essentially stored that moisture

we got in August of last year,

we can use it today.

Some of us have used it to make wheat,

and some of us are gonna try to make summer crops,

but, and then some of us, we just didn't have

enough of it to do anything, and we're in a bad situation.

And there are parts of Northwest Oklahoma

and Western Oklahoma that's in that condition.

But we need to really understand

and think about what we have, so that

we can manage our cost structure,

given the potential yield that we might have.

>>> Okay, good advice, thanks a lot, Jason.

>>> Thanks.

(upbeat music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Every year about this time,

we make the trip over to Enid, so that way

we can catch up with Kim.

Talk about what you're doing over here in Enid.

>>> Well, we're doing the grain grading school,

so what we're doing is training grade handlers

to receive grain and to grade it accurately,

because the only fair way to buy grain

is if it's graded accurately.

That way producers pay for what they deliver,

and the elevators can be paid

for the quality that's in the bin.

>>> And this is also an opportunity

for you to kind of chat

with the grain operators across the state.

What are you hearing from them?

>>> Well, it's spotty, some areas

have really good wheat, the expectations

for test weight and protein are relatively good.

Other areas are dry, short crops,

they're expecting really test weights to come in

54, 55 bushels, with maybe 13 or 14 protein.

But without that test weight,

then you know, they got problems with that.

But there's some spots in Oklahoma

that the expectations are very high.

>>> And this year may be the year of the spottiness wheat,

so let's talk about possible protein

and premiums for that.

>>> Well, if you look at the protein premiums still there,

I know I talked to one elevator or handling facility,

they put in about a half a million bushels

of additional storage, they want to get,

buy that wheat early, they want to buy

a good test weight, good protein wheat,

they're gonna be searching for it around the state,

and they're gonna pay a premium for it.

>>> So you have that premium wheat

that's gonna go through the system faster.

What are we gonna do with all the wheat

under these tarps, back here?

>>> I think we're gonna keep it stored

under there, it's gonna be hedge,

there is some storage return for that wheat

under the tarp from rolling those contracts.

When we get some better wheat,

we're going to blend it into the system

and work it into the system slowly,

or we're gonna move it to the feed lots.

>>> Kim, the world, is the world market

ready for that wheat?

>>> Not right now, there's a sufficient amount

of poor quality wheat around,

so we're not, what we're short of is protein

and good milling quality wheat.

That's the wheat that's gonna get the premiums,

and you know, you look at the basis

of what's happened in the last couple weeks,

well, you go back a couple months,

we had an 80 under basis

for forward contract for harvest delivery.

Some places now are at 25 under,

so you know, we picked up 45, 50, 55 cents

on the basis in the last few months.

>>> Let's talk price of wheat, a month from now.

I can't believe we're already that close to harvest,

but what do you see the price of wheat

in western Oklahoma being for wheat?

>>> Well, it's gonna depend on the quality,

and I think it's gonna vary quite a bit by elevator

because if it's a 54, 55, 56 pound test weight of wheat,

there's gonna be some severe discounts on that,

and you're gonna probably have

low to mid four dollars for that wheat.

You get some wheat that's got the 60 pound test weight,

got the better than 12 pound protein, I bet you're

getting five, five and a quarter, for that wheat.

>>> Do you think it's worth producers storing it on-site?

Or going ahead and storing it in the bin, or the elevator?

>>> If a producer has on-farm storage, has test weight,

and protein, I'd probably put in on the farm

and then merchandise that wheat to either

the river or to the flour mills.

>>> Okay, thank you much Kim Anderson,

grain marketing specialist here

at Oklahoma State University.

 

Scout before using incecticide

>>> We're here with Tom Royer, at Lahoma,

our extension entomologist.

And Tom, why don't we start with just an overview

of some of the research that you have out here.

>>> I'm working with Dr. Marberger and one of the questions

I've gotten over the last few years has to do with,

as a lot of producers have moved into top-grassing nitrogen

later on the year, the question always come to me,

"what do you think about adding a really

inexpensive insecticide to go along with the top grass?"

And my answer was, "I don't know".

My first answer was "well it's not IPN,

because you're not scouting before you're treating".

But I also said "I don't know".

And so one of the things that I started working

with Dr. Marberger was, "hey let's just go out and see

if it pays for itself on a yearly basis".

We'll do multiple locations, multiple years,

and then I'll have an answer that maybe helps out.

Our first year, we saw that, we're kinda surprised

that maybe there is some advantage to doing it.

So I started thinking about why would that be?

And one of the questions that I started seeing a lot

this year was maybe there's a couple of sneaky pests

that we don't typically deal with like brown wheat mite

or winter grain mite that are in here maybe robbing

a little yield and we don't typically scout for them.

And maybe that type of application

at that time of year really makes sense.

So, hopefully in two or three years from now,

we'll have some really good information to share

with producers, and maybe a reason

as to why it works or doesn't work.

>>> Now part of the conversation this year, of course,

is some of the challenges with yields.

How do insects, and controlling insects,

play into that conversation?

>>> Well, like I said, the sneaky ones, they may be taking

some yield that we don't ever realize,

and anything that's adding to stress on a crop

that's already under stressed condition is not a good thing.

In a year like this, I heard Dr. Anderson talk about

"know yourself and know your fields",

it's really important to go out and look at your field

before you make a decision to treat for a pest.

I actually had a farmer tell me this year that he

was thinking he was gonna treat for mites in his field,

and I just said "well let's go out and look at your field",

and we went out and looked,

and we weren't finding mites out there.

And him spending an hour out in the field looking

for that probably saved him a lot of money,

in a 200 to 300 acre field.

Even if he was paying himself $50 an hour to scout,

that's saving a lot of money.

So in a year like this, scouting is even more important

than it would be, so that you can save

any inputs that you don't need.

>>> How important is it for you, in your job,

to have that interaction with growers,

so you can then, in turn, set up research projects like this

and then later on have field days like this

to share the information that you find?

>>> We keep in our mind all the time

that we work for the growers of Oklahoma.

We're supported by tax money, we should be doing

what they need us to do all the time.

So I think about, and it's really important to get

producer feedback on anything that I want to look at,

moving forward, because it's to benefit them.

That's really what my job is, to try and provide information

that will benefit growers so they can be more successful.

>>> Well keep us posted on your research,

it sounds pretty interesting.

Thanks a lot, Tom, we'll see you again soon.

>>> Okay.

(upbeat acoustic strumming)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland, with your Mesonet Weather Report.

This has been a week of storms

that pop up and rain hard.

Over the three days from Sunday through 4:40 p.m.

Wednesday afternoon, the rainfall amounts

were all over the place, from locations

with no rain, the white areas,

to places like Chickasha and Sulphur,

that both had over three inches of rain.

Chickasha was one of the high wind gust spots,

with over 60 mile per hour wind gusts,

a distinction it shared with Altus and Sulphur.

In this rain video from Chickasha,

the rain was coming down at a rate

of three and a half inches per hour.

Over the next five minutes, the rain rate

jumped up to eight and a half inches per hour.

Fortunately for Chickasha folks,

these heavy rain rates only lasted

for 25 minutes, but in that 25 minutes,

the Chickasha Mesonet site collected

two and four-tenths inches of rain.

There was some minor flooding and wind damage.

Had the storm not moved out as soon as it did,

the situation in Chickasha would have been much worse.

Here's Gary with a look at some places

that still suffer from a lack of rain.

>>> Thanks, Al, and good morning, everyone.

Well, May's been a little bit iffy in some parts

of the state, and pretty good in other parts.

We've gotten some rain, it's been really hot,

we've had a few bouts with pretty severe weather,

but not too bad.

One thing that still remains is the drought.

However, we do have some changes,

so let's go straight to the map.

The drought monitor for this week

shows some reduction in that exceptional,

D4 drought across Western Oklahoma, finally,

with some of those rainfall amounts

that we've seen across the far Northwest,

and parts of the far Western area of the state.

It's not much, but it is a little bit,

an improvement, from, again, the exceptional

to merely extreme.

If we look at the rainfall map for the last 30 days,

we can see on the Mesonet, that we do have those,

a little bit excessive amounts across parts

of East Central down through South Central Oklahoma,

but also some fairly decent rains

across the far West, and also up in the Northwest.

That's shown on the percent of normal rainfall map

for the last 30 days, above 100% of the normal

you'd expect for this time of the year.

Again, across parts of East Central

down through South Central Oklahoma,

but also up there, again, in the Northwest,

and West Central Oklahoma.

So that is why we have the drought reduction,

at least the intensity reduction,

although the drought still remains.

Last week, we showed you the view from space.

Here's another version,

the Vegetation Drought Response Index.

What shape is the vegetation in?

That's actually up and running, and growing,

due to that rainfall and the added warmth of May.

As we can see, the reds and oranges

and those colors, those are not good signs,

those are the moderate to extreme drought categories,

and you can see much of Northwestern Oklahoma,

not a shock, is in that moderate to extreme

drought category, so I think the final message here

is we need May to start being May,

and to start raining everywhere,

and not just a few of those select locations.

We've seen some drought reduction,

but we need more widespread rains

to see it across the entire state.

At least the Northwestern half.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(upbeat music)

 

Special Clover

>>> As we wrap up the show today in Lahoma,

we know it's been a great week

for the hundreds of Special Olympians

competing at the state games in Stillwater this week.

And some of those same athletes

were part of a unique 4-H camp, earlier this spring.

SUNUP's Dave Deken takes us there.

>>> This is our second 4-H Special Clovers,

and it is a camp for 4-H members

that we have Clover Buddies, we had 45 4-H members

from across the state apply to be

a 4-H Clover Buddy, and they just serve

as a mentor, friend, and buddy to their camper.

This year we have nine campers

that are joining us, and they're 4-H members

from across the state.

>>> Matt is this your first or second to do this.

>>> It's your second.

>>> second.

(laughter)

>>> They might participate in a day camp,

but for many of the campers, being away from home

for two, three, four nights is difficult.

But this camp allows them the opportunity

to come and maybe their parent is going to stay with them,

maybe it's for some of them, the very first time

that they've ever been away from home

without their parent.

>>> This is Matt, his, Hi Matt.

His favorite color's orange, he likes OSU.

>>> I sell sheep, and livestock, and I love my family.

>>> The Clover Buddies come from all over the state,

and they're not necessarily young people

that we see at every 4-H event we do.

>>> I think it's a great opportunity

for people to come and help, and for them

to learn about other people, and how we're all different,

but we all want to reach the same goals.

>>> To me, the elite group of Oklahoma 4-Hers,

to come and hang out with some really special kids,

with some, really, just cool teenagers.

>>> What all did you pick up?

>>> Leaves & dirt

>>> Really

>>> Leaves & dirt

>>>And just to see them come together the first day,

you know, there's no eye contact,

the camper's not really sure,

they have not gained that trust,

and by the time they're ready to go home,

it's hard to leave that Clover Buddy

who's been that buddy, pal, and just your confidant,

here, throughout the camp.

So, it is, it's really a magical thing,

just to see those relationships grow.

(cheering, laughter)

>>> Special Campers' Club is just one

of the many opportunities that 4-H brings,

and I think everybody should have

the option and opportunity to be here,

whether it's from my point of view or Matt's.

>>> We've always had the motto,

"to make the best better," in 4-H.

And that's really what we're doing here,

for these campers.

>>> And that'll do it for us this week.

Remember, you can find us anytime

on our website, and also follow us on YouTube

and social media.

From the North Central Research Station at Lahoma,

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week, everyone,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(quiet music)

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