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Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
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Transcript for May 5, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:  

  • Checking wheat for powdery mildew
  • The benefits of mixed rations
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Market Monitor
  • Mesonet Weather
  • The Bug Girl

(upbeat music)

Checking wheat for powdery mildew

>>> Hello, everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We begin today with an update on wheat disease

and treatment options for producers to consider.

Here's our extension wheat pathologist, Bob Hunger.

>>> Well, compared to Walters, where there was a lot of

stripe rust and Septoria leaf blotch,

up here at Stillwater, we're seeing

much more powdery mildew.

>>> Give us an example of what's in this plot.

>>> Okay, this is my foliar fungicide trial

and if you look at it at the top in the upper foliage,

it just looks nice and pretty and green

with the heads coming out

and some anthers coming out of there.

But if you look down low into some of the trial,

into some of the plots,

you'll see that there's a lot of powdery mildew down low,

and that's been the case this whole last month

up here around Stillwater

and around much of the rest of the state as well.

The powdery mildew down low,

it has worked its way up to the leaf

right underneath the flag here,

and so it's sapping nutrients and water out of those leaves

and not allowing the leaves to produce

the nutrients for the plant

and to fill the green as that approaches more,

that lower canopy will tend to die off a lot earlier

since it has those powdery mildew infections.

This would be a plot that had an early application

of fungicide on it close to a month ago,

and if you do the same thing here

and pull back the upper leaves,

you see very little powdery mildew down low on these plants.

And that's one of the strategies

for controlling powdery mildew.

Of course, you can have resistant varieties,

but chemicals will also control this.

But this is a good example where that chemical

needs to go on a lot earlier than it would

with the rust to control the powdery mildew.

The idea for the fungicides with this

is that to control that powdery mildew down low,

and I have some data that shows

that those early infections with powdery mildew,

especially if it gets up into the mid and upper canopy

can reduce yields significantly.

And so to control those,

it would have to be an early fungicide application.

Now I had mentioned previously that there are some changes

in the labeling of the fungicides.

There's a group of fungicides

that can be put on up through flowering,

when flowering is over.

Those can be put on through 10.5.4

which is the end of flowering.

There's another group of fungicides that

is related to flowering itself.

They can only be put on through when flowering has occurred.

And they have to be on before flowering really starts.

And then there's another group

that has a combination of those two things.

Some of them have a date related to flowering,

but they also have what's called a pre-harvest interval,

meaning that they can go on up to,

there has to be 30 days in some cases,

a lapse between the fungicide application

and when you harvest.

So the key point to that is to be sure

to look closely at the label

to make sure that you're using the fungicide

in accordance with the label, and not going off label

in terms of an application.

>>> Okay, Bob, thanks a lot.

We'll see you again soon.

(upbeat music)


The benefits of mixed rations

>>> Earlier in the year, we talked about limit feeding cattle

and, Dave, you've developed this system

for total mixed rations.

Can you kinda walk us through the specifics of it?

>>> Yeah, so with a total mixed ration

what we're gonna do is provide a ration that's got

everything the animal needs every time it takes a bite.

So it's different than the last time

we talked about limit grazing,

and then come back into the dry lot

and feeding the animals a concentrate

or limiting access to hay and then feeding a concentrate.

Here we're going to include the roughage in the ration.


for example,

what we talked about a month or so ago on SUNUP

was feeding cows that are lactating.

Our lactating cows are getting about

1.7% of their body weight,

somewhere around 20 pounds per day.

If you gave them access to all they wanted of that ration,

they'd eat 30 pounds.

And so we are limit feeding the total mixed ration.

And by doing so, this has a big portion on concentrate.

In fact, it's about 60% corn, and distillers grains,

and other minerals, and so on.

The other, about a third of it,

is ground hay or chopped hay.

And so we're only feeding these cows

about six pounds of hay a day,

where as if you're just letting them

have access to around well feeder,

they'd eat 30 pounds of hay.

So we're really stretching our hay supply

and trying to take advantage of

a relatively inexpensive concentrate feed market.

7.5% of this ration is a liquid feed supplement

that has vitamins and minerals in it.

That's really nice ration conditioner.

It makes the rations smell good, cuts down on the dust.

So what we actually learned from our dairy farm

is that right before we feed this,

and it would be about 90% dry matter,

only about 10% moisture.

We pull up to the water hydrant

with a little tractor and mixture wagon

and we add 30 to 35% more weight as water.

And when that comes out of the feed wagon, it is not dusty.

You know the cattle cannot sort it.

They learn to toss their head

and sort the grain to the bottom and eat it first.

Well, with that much moisture in it,

they take, it really eliminates

their opportunity to do that.

So those are some of the specifics we have.

That's just an example of a ration we're using right now.

We just encourage people to work with a nutritionist

because I hear we're using dried distillers grains,

corn, liquid supplement, and so on.

Somebody else might have access to whole cottonseed.

And it would be a beautiful addition to a ration like this.

Other people might have access to inexpensive soybean hulls,

and so you can come up with lots of

different combinations that would work.

You can't just start that 60% concentrate diet

and limit their intake to 2% of their body weight overnight.

You'd have some digestive upset problems if you did that.

Probably with a concentrate diet like this

and only giving the animals

a portion of what they like to consume,

it'd be maybe better to feed them twice a day.

But to cut down on our labor,

we've been able to get by

and have had no problems just feeding them

once a day in the morning.

The feeding time, as I've mentioned

last time we talked about this, needs to be consistent.

You need to feed it everyday

and it really needs to be fed the same time everyday.

>>> Talk about kind of the nutritional needs

of swapping some of the commodities in there.

Say if someone had extra wheat available,

would that happen?

>>> Yes, and those can be worked in.

That's where we encourage them

to work with a nutritionist that has experience

with these kind of things,

because different commodities

have different characteristics.

So wheat is a really good example

because it is very rapidly fermented in the rumen.

Consequently, you can create founder

if you feed too much wheat, processed too fine, too rapidly.

That's where folks ought to get in touch

with the nutritionist that they have confidence in

and just work with them to work out a program

that fits their operation the best.

>>> Excellent, thank you very much Dave Lawman.

And for more information on that,

go to our website

(country music)


Cow-Calf Corner

>>> The first part of May

is typically the start of the breeding season

for spring calving herds all across the southwest.

I think that's a really good teachable moment

as to what's the key factors

that determine what percentage of our cow herd

are cycling and have the opportunity to get bred

early in this upcoming breeding season.

The three factors that the folks at Kansas State University

determined as they followed

over a seven year period of time, almost 3,200 cows,

they came up with three key factors

that determined whether those cows

were cycling at the start of the breeding season.

Number one, no great surprise

to anybody that's been listening

to the Cow-Calf Corner through the years,

and that is body condition of the cow at calving time.

In fact, what they determined

was that for every one increase in body condition score,

say from a four to a five, or from a five to a six,

there is an increase in 18% in the percentage

of cows cycling at the start of the breeding season.

If we have cows that we can keep in good body condition,

say in that five to six category,

we can expect them 18 to 36% more of them

to be cycling at the start of a breeding season

as compared to those that are thinner

in a body conditions score four category.

Number two on their list was age of the cow.

Now, that seems like a no-brainer

because we know that two-year-olds

are slower to return to estrus cycles

than will be mature cows in the herd.

That's the reason why many cow herds are situated

to where the replacement heifers are bred

three to four weeks ahead of the mature cows

to give them those extra days to have a better chance

for a high percentage of them to be cycling

at the start of the breeding season.

And finally, on their list was the number of days

between calving and the start of the breeding season.

In other words, those cows that calved

earlier in the calving season,

say 70 days before the start of the breeding season,

there was a considerable increase

in the percentage of them that were cycling.

The difference was about 7.5% for every 10 days.

So I think if we keep these three factors

in mind next year, as we get our cow herd ready

for the breeding season next May,

let's keep in mind that if they're in good body condition

and calving, that will help a lot.

If those replacement heifers are bred ahead of the cow herd,

to give them those extra days,

that will certainly be advantageous.

And, if we'll work towards having a narrow,

confined, shortened breeding season,

and therefore a shortened calving season,

we'll have a higher percentage of the cows

that are out here at 60 to 70 days after calving

before the start of the breeding season,

again, helping that percentage out quite a little bit.

By having a large percentage of the cows cycling

at the start of the breeding season,

it'll help us in terms of having a large percentage

of the calves coming early the following year,

increases the reproduction capabilities of the cow herd,

plus having bigger, heavier calves at weaning time.

We look forward to visiting with you next week

on Sunup's Cow-Calf Corner.

(upbeat guitar music)


Livestock Marketing

>>> The fires in western Oklahoma

are pretty much under control now,

So Derrell, in regards to cattle,

what's the situation now for them,

and what's the plan going forward?

>>> Well, obviously we've got a lot of producers

who've lost a tremendous amount of forage.

They've lost cattle. So there's just a lot of devastation

for many families out there

that they're dealing with right now.

From a cattle standpoint, the cattle that survived,

obviously we've got a lot of emergency feed needs,

as well as a lot of lives to rebuild, really,

in terms of the houses and the families

that were affected by this.

>>> So, like, the broader picture,

has there been any impacts on the broader market,

in regards to the fire?

>>> Well, you know, from a cattle perspective,

I really don't think so, and I don't expect to see that.

The numbers are just not big enough

to really cause an impact.

However, hay markets are pretty tight,

we're at the end of the winter,

we're at the end of the season here

when hay stocks are relatively low anyway,

so we are certainly seeing some impacts

on the forage markets.

>>> Now, you mentioned drought. I mean, we've seen rain

through a lot of part of the state,

but there still is a drought situation.

What do producers need to think about with that?

>>> Well, and I think that's really the key right now,

is that the fire's happening as a result of the drought.

The drought situation is getting bigger, it's very bad.

Most of that area got a little bit of rain

about 10 days ago, or two weeks ago,

but it wasn't enough to really alleviate the drought.

All it did for a week or so was to slow down

the rate of expansion of the severe drought area.

So we're at the point now in that short grass prairie country

where forage really normally would be taken off to grow.

In fact, it may try to grow

with that little dab of rain that we got,

but the drought is still there,

and producers really need to get prepared,

for the next few weeks are gonna be

some critical decision times.

>>> So they need a drought management plan, basically.

So what should be in that plan?

>>> Well, I think what happens a lot of times in drought

is we tend to sorta go into it without a plan.

We kinda go into what I call the hunker-down strategy,

where we really don't make any plans,

we don't make any changes, we just kinda wait and see.

It might rain, you know, we can get by

for another couple weeks, maybe a month.

And then if you start into that

and get trapped in that mentality,

and you start buying hay or incurring additional expenses

to get by, pretty soon you've dug

a pretty deep hole financially, if not with respect

to the cattle and the land.

And so I think it's important to start

at the other end and say, "Okay, if this thing stays bad,"

at the end I wanna save the business.

"I wanna protect my forage and land resources,"

and hopefully preserve the herd."

But really, getting too hung up on the herd

early on in the process, I think,

is what can get people into trouble,

in terms of a longer-term recovery, for a number of ways.

So it's important to have a plan,

figure out when decisions have to be made,

and then make those decisions at the appropriate time.

It's too easy to get caught up in the emotions of this.

It's a rather agonizing kind of a process,

and so it's important to develop a plan

that will help take some of that emotion out

and help a producer make decisions

when they need to be made.

>>> Always gotta be thinking ahead.

>>> That's right. 

>>> Alright, thanks Derrell.

Derrell Peel, livestock marketing specialist

at Oklahoma State University.

(lighthearted guitar music)


Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist,

is here now and, Kim, the big stories this week,

a 50 cent price increase and the crop tours.

Let's start with the crop tours.

>>> Well, the crop tours, looking at Oklahoma,

it's not looking very good, you know planted acres

were at 4.3 million.

The estimate from the tours, somewhere around

2.5 million acres harvested.

And 58 to 63 million bushels of production.

I've got it at 63.

Now, you can compare that to 2014

at 5.3 million acres planted,

2.8 million acres harvested,

and 48 million bushel crops,

so just gotta go back to 14 to get a smaller crop.

The record crop in Oklahoma was in 1982.

We planted 8 million acres in that year.

We harvested 6.9 million,

and about 228 million bushes harvested.

Kansas, they had about 2% higher planted acres this year

than they did last year, so they'll be down

but not down as much.

And Texas, they've got lower production

and even planted acres, so they'll be down

but not as much as Oklahoma.

>>> What are the lower yields tell us about kernel quality?

>>> Well, hopefully we'll have better kernel quality.

One of the problems are that may be out there right now

is the lack of nitrogen, the elevator

managers, I've visited with them this past week

and they said that there was less nitrogen

put out this year, than in the past.

But lower yields should be more nitrogen available

for the kernels and maybe some relatively good protein.

I think what's important this year is test weight

and protein.

We've gotta have that.

>>> Are the lower yield expectations then impacting

that 50 cent price increase?

>>> I think Oklahoma, lower hard red winter wheat

production in United States is having some impact,

but I think the biggest impact's probably coming from

in the Ukraine, they're having new record heat right now

and some drought problems and it goes on up into Russia.

Those crops may not be as large as they had earlier

been expected to be.

And I think that's what the market's reacting to now.

And you've also got drought and heat conditions

down in Australia that's impacting that crop.

That could lead to higher prices in Oklahoma.

>>> With all this in mind, then, should producers

forward contract for June delivery?

>>> Well, right now, you can forward contract for

somewhere around $5.20, $5.30 a bushel.

You know, I would, if I was a producer,

I'd hate to miss that.

I think I would come in and forward contract 10 or 20%

of my crop with smaller yields, reduced yields.

You gotta be careful how much you do forward contract.

And if we continue to lose the crop in Ukraine and Russia,

and Australia, then this price could continue to go on up

and maybe get up to $5.50, $5.75,

and you'd hate to miss that.

But I would take some of it.

>>> Okay, Kim thanks a lot.

We'll see you next week.

(lighthearted guitar music)


Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

May brings stormy weather and summer heat.

For us humans, sunlight compounds summer's heat

while wind delivers some heat relief.

For plants, sunlight and wind both drive plant water demand,

measured in inches of evapotranspiration.

April 30th gave us an example of wind driving water

demand differences.

At Woodward, water demand was 42/100 of an inch for the day.

Oklahoma City East was 31/100,

McAlester was similar at 29/100.

Woodward had a wind speed of 21 miles per hour

on April 30th at 4:00 pm,

Oklahoma City East was 10,

and McAlester: eight miles per hour.

The next day, on May 1st, Woodward had only

minor cloud cover.

Oklahoma City East, McAlester had heavier cloud cover

and about half the sunlight.

The water demand at Woodward was 38/100 of an inch.

Water demand at Oklahoma City was 22/100,

and at McAlester, only 18/100 of an inch.

Keeping tabs on sunlight and wind

will help you stay on top of plant water needs.

Here's Gary with a check on April rain

and the May outlooks.

>>> Thanks, Al and good morning, everyone.

Well, we've had a bit of rain over the last couple of weeks.

So let's go straight to the new drought monitor map.

Well, unfortunately, we've seen little change

in that severity of the drought

across the northwestern half to third of the state,

especially across northwestern Oklahoma.

The only change we have seen, in fact,

is a bit of encroachment of that D4 exceptional drought

in the southwestern Oklahoma from Texas.

So unfortunately, things improved just a little bit

but not enough to change for the better,

and down in southwestern Oklahoma it got a little bit worse.

And I can show you that next on the Percentage of Normal

Rainfall map for April.

We see all those yellow and oranges and the darker oranges.

Those are colors below normal for the month of April,

and unfortunately, southwestern Oklahoma is now in

the same boat as northwestern Oklahoma.

So we can see southwestern Oklahoma missed out

on the good rains, generally 20 to 40% of normal rainfall

for the month of April, and that's going to make

things worse whenever you're already dealing with deficits

going back six months or so all the way to October 2017.

How about if we look forward to the month of May?

The latest temperature outlook

from the Climate Prediction Center shows increased odds

of above-normal temperatures not only across Oklahoma

but really across the entire United States,

especially in the far western panhandle,

at least as far as Oklahoma is concerned.

Now the good news is, as far as precipitation is concerned

we see increased odds for above-normal precipitation

across most of Oklahoma, all except for

the far western panhandle,

but especially for southern Oklahoma.

And maybe down there in the southwest where that drought's

starting to intensify.

It's spring, we need the rain,

and we know it comes with bad things, sometimes.

So let it rain.

We hope there's nothing too bad to go with it

but we definitely need to knock this drought out of here

before we hit summer.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(pleasant music)


The Bug Girl

>>> Finally today, one 4-Her's story of resilience,

and how her love of entomology and bugs

is an important part of her journey.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair takes us to Rogers County.

(playing "Fur Elise" by Beethoven)

>>> [Kurtis] Like many students in Oklahoma,

the teacher walkout left 4-Her Shelby Counterman

with some time to fill.

Lucky for her, practicing piano and helping her mom,

Meg, around the house has kept her busy.

Oh, and taking care of her cockroaches.

>>> These are a lot of my roaches I have.

These are a lot of my favorites.

>>> [Kurtis] For a lot of us, these little critters

make us go bleah.

For Shelby, they make her eyes widen with intrigue.

>>> And this one right here is probably my favorite

of all of them.

These guys are real fast.

I started with five and now I have a lot more.

They're fast, so that's like the one issue I have.

This is an adult.


>>> Cockroaches aren't just a hobby for Shelby,

they're an obsession.

One that started when she was only 18 months old.

>>> The reason that she really fixated on cockroaches

is we have a coordinated effort

with the Conservation District to learn science hands-on,

and I brought her with me one time and she saw them

in one of his tanks and just fell in love.

You know, I mean it's been kind of an evolution

over the last almost 10 years.

Had I even dreamed that it would have gotten to this, no.

There's just no way that I would have thought

that she would be this passionate about them.

>>> I have at least maybe 17 different species in here.

>>> [Kurtis] What do you like about cockroaches?

>>> I like that each one of them is special,

and if we had no cockroaches we would have a lot

of dead bugs or dead animals around.

>>> [Kurtis] Shelby's obsession with insects has made her

somewhat of a celebrity through the years.

Local and national attention is great,

but Shelby gets the most joy

out of sharing her knowledge about bugs.

She's known as Shelby the Bug Girl in Rogers County.

Through her 4-H citizen project Shelby teaches kids

about the importance of insects.

>>> I like to tell people that they should not be worried

about most bugs, because only a few are bad.

>>> She's awesome.

She's super involved.

It's really incredible how she can teach others

with what she does, and not only is it unique,

but just her passion that she has for it,

and her passion to teach others

is something that's really special.

>>> It says right here (speaking foreign language).

>>> [Kurtis] What's even more special about Shelby

is the fact that she's even here.

>>> When I was carrying her they told me

that she wasn't viable, and just to go home

and wait for nature to take its course.

>>> [Kurtis] Although Meg successfully delivered Shelby,

she faced a long road of medical issues.

>>> Shelby was born with neurofibromatosis.

It is a neurological condition, and it can really

manifest in so many different forms.

>>> [Kurtis] Doctors had her wear a helmet

to protect her skull as an infant,

and wear a leg brace from age 18 months until last year.

>>> [Meg] Last year she spent a month in Shriner's Hospital

where she had her spine fused, so she's been through a lot.

>>> I was in a lot of pain and before, I could barely breathe.

Because if your spine finally goes to 90,

it crushes your heart and lungs.

And mine was at 80, so I had problems talking.

>>> [Kurtis] A few weeks before her spinal surgery,

doctors were running some tests and found another

huge obstacle that Shelby and her family

were going to have to overcome.

>>> We've only publicly came out recently

that Shelby has a brain tumor,

and she's going to have it removed in June.

And she's faced it with so much bravery.

>>> [Kurtis] Doctors say Shelby's tumor's benign

and that removal will be the cure.

With all the struggles she's gone through

it's never stopped her from doing what she loves.

>>> She was teaching people about insects from her

hospital bed, literally. (laughing)

Literally two weeks after her spinal fusion

she gave a presentation to 300 kids

because she did not want them to miss out.

>>> [Kurtis] Shelby says the main reasons for her strength

is the opportunity to show kids with health conditions

that nothing can stop them

from accomplishing something great,

a sentiment she expressed at a pageant

for girls with disabilities.

>>> So I was in this amazing pageant

for kids with disabilities and I told them

a lot of the kids that they should never let

their disabilities hold them back,

and they should always go for what they dream of.

>>> [Kurtis] Shelby's dream is to pursue a career

in entomology, and continue to expose people to

the world of insects.

>>> Mine's tell them to behave.

>>> Even scared agricultural reporters.

You behave.

Don't be coming crawling up my arm.

Oh, goodness gracious!

(squeals, laughs)

In Rogers County, I'm Kurtis Hair.


>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime at

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(pleasant music)


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