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Oklahoma State University
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Phone: (405) 744-4065
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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for April 28, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Variety tours have started & so have wheat diseases
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Food Whys
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Naturally Speaking
  • Oklahoma Wildfire - Restoring the herd

 

(light music)

 

Variety tours have started & so have wheat diseases

>>> Hello, everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We join you today from Cotton County, and the first

of several extension wheat field days.

And of course,

the first of many conversations about the potential

of Oklahoma's 2018 wheat crop.

>>> Today we have no issue wheat variety

test pullout field day, and we had a lot of farmers.

A lot of interest here today.

We're got a pretty good

looking crop, and we're just hoping that we can get

to harvest with it.

And after a long, hard, dry winter,

that we really fought hard for this crop.

And I think that we've got some

potential to make some good wheat here today.

So we were kind of excited about that fact.

>>> There is a replicated performance trial here

that was going through, looking at varieties.

A lot of varieties to choose from here today,

and just a lot of questions about those varieties

and what they look like, and kinda how they're

going to perform this year.

>>> Well this variety is Ruby Lee,

and it's a very high-yielding potential variety.

But consequently it has a little more susceptibility

to diseases than some of the other varieties.

And over the last couple weeks, we've had very little rust

show up on any wheat in Oklahoma.

We have had some powdery mildew and, lo and behold,

came down here expecting to see powdery mildew.

And there's no powdery mildew, but there is starting

to be a build-up of stripe rust.

And then also another disease that we don't see that often,

septoria leaf blight.

And Ruby Lee is a variety that's showing the most of it.

On the flag leaves, it has a severity

of around one to 10 percent.

So it's not real large right now, but this is a warning

that, on susceptible varieties,

there could be some stripe rust that's really going

to start appearing over the next couple weeks,

especially if we stay cool and we get some more moisture,

which both of those things are in the forecast.

>>> I do know that this plot, or this area right here,

not necessarily had a tremendous amount of rain.

But I think around 10 inches since it was planted.

But it's been more timely rains.

And so you can have,

you know, if it comes at the right time,

you can make it kinda work.

But this looks extremely good for today.

>>> The spores that are here

that are being produced on these upper leaves,

they're very light and powdery.

And when you get the winds that Oklahoma tends to get,

that will blow the spores for miles across the state.

Those land on new leaves, on infected leaves,

and then if you have the wet dews, moisture coming,

free moisture on the leaf in the right temperatures,

you'll get the infection and then new spores will

be produced, and it just cycles its way further north.

If it's past flowering, there's not any fungicides

you can put on.

You would just have to let it run its course.

If it's before flowering,

there's lots of fungicide available

that can be used to control it.

If you have started flowering and you're in the midst

of flowering, then there's really only three chemicals

that are labeled for that, as far as I know

that you can use.

And so you have to be sure

and check that label to make sure that you're spraying it

and applying it in accordance with the label.

And I didn't expect to see this much disease down here

and, if there was gonna be some,

I was expecting to see powdery mildew.

And it was the complete opposite

of what I thought I would see.

There's a lot of pluses to having these types of field days.

It allows us, as the specialist and the county educators,

to get together and interact with the clientele

with the producers in the state.

Actually get out and see disease problems

and other agronomic problems in the field

and have the specialists there to provide answers

and information to the producers,

and to the county personnel as well.

I've always enjoyed it because of that ability

and the chance to interact with the people

who are actually growing the wheat.

But it allows us to get around the state

and see what's going on.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

While we've had a lot of heat from fires this April,

our air temperatures have been on the cool side.

The switch from Tuesday to Wednesday told the story

for April this year.

We have a warm day, but that's followed by cool days.

Tuesday afternoon highs reached the upper 70s and 80s

across much of Oklahoma.

Wednesday afternoon air temperatures struggled

to climb above the 50s at most Mesonet sites.

An air temperature graph at Spencer is an example

of what we've experienced

across much of Oklahoma this April.

Air temperatures this year, the blue line,

staying below average temperatures, the light green fill.

March had some periods with air temperatures above average,

but April stayed below average.

Soil temperatures have also been on the cool side.

As of Wednesday, the three-day average

of four-inch bare soil temperatures

were in the upper 50s for half the state

and lower 60s for the other half.

Here's Gary with a look at how our recent rains

have impacted Oklahoma's droughty conditions.

>>> Thanks, Al, and good morning, everyone.

Well we're probably gonna end up

with one of the coldest Aprils on record,

if not the coldest April on record.

And, unfortunately, we're also gonna finish below normal

in precipitation.

Now I'm gonna show you some April rainfall maps,

and you're gonna think, "Well it looks pretty pitiful."

But when you compare it to the last six months,

it actually looks pretty good,

especially to those across Western Oklahoma.

So let's get right to the maps.

Okay, the latest drought map released

by the US Drought Monitor on Thursday,

it actually still looks pretty bad.

We have a little bit inching west of the drought line.

But again, this doesn't take into account

the rains that we saw later in the week.

So maybe we'll get a little bit more improvement next week.

But we still have that large area

of severe to exceptional drought

across the western half of Oklahoma.

Now let's look at the April rainfall.

And now this is through the 25th,

but we do see at least one to two inches

across much of Western Oklahoma.

And then, of course, we have,

as usual, the much nicer amounts

over across Eastern Oklahoma, east of I-35.

Now we look at that compared to normal,

it still doesn't look that good.

We still have lots of areas across Western Oklahoma

that are below normal, especially Southwestern Oklahoma

and then up into Northeastern Oklahoma.

But again, that one to two inches

across much of Western Oklahoma is the most rainfall

they've seen since October.

The Climate Prediction Center

has released its Seasonal Drought Outlook.

This is for May through July.

So by the end of July, they see drought persisting

but improving

across those areas of the state

where it exists now.

So maybe not a complete end to drought,

but hopefully the spring rainy season,

climatologically speaking, will improve that drought

to some degree and help some of the impacts.

The one drought we do like, of course,

is the drought of tornadoes.

Now let's hope that continues

and we get some good rains during May.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

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Food Whys

>>> There's a lot of air in our conversation today

as we talk about puffed foods with Dani Bellmer,

a food engineer here at the Food and Ag Product Center.

And Dani, let's talk about the kind of process

that is used to make these puffed foods and snacks

that we all like.

>>> Okay, believe it or not, most puffed foods

are actually made using thermodynamics.

So we create a dough.

And we put that dough under high heat and pressure.

And then when that dough is exposed to the atmosphere,

it sees a sudden drop in pressure.

And that pressure change causes the water inside the product

to want to flash evaporate.

And so typically this is done in an extruder.

>>> Tell me what an extruder is and how it works.

>>> So an extruder is basically a screw auger

inside of a heated barrel

that the dough is processed through.

At the end of that barrel is a die.

And the die will be shaped

like whatever product you wanna make.

And again, as the dough exits that die, it puffs.

And a rotating knife will cut the puff off,

and you have a great product.

>>> So for example, these onion snacks,

how would those work in the extruder?

>>> Okay, so as the dough goes through the extruder,

the die shape would be an annular shape.

So the dough just comes out in this circle,

and it's cut off right at the end

in a bunch of little circles.

>>> Now, what are the ingredients in the puff snacks,

and how do we get the flavors?

>>> So, believe it or not,

most of them are just made with corn meal and water

to form the dough, and then after they're puffed and cooked,

the added flavors come in a tumbler

where the flavorings are put in.

Those might include cheese, onion powder, garlic powder,

and lots of salt, but they're all pretty much the same.

>>> So, that's the puff part.

How do we get the crunchy part?

>>> Okay, you can kind of see a difference

between the puffiness in the standard cheese puffs

and the crunchy puffs.

All that we do for the crunchy one is

at the end of the extruder, the dough is actually twisted

and pulled, so that it's elongated in this weird shape,

so there's not nearly as much air in it

and you get a much crunchier product.

>>> That's all there is to it.

>>> That's it.

>>> Very interesting.

Well, either way, they taste great.

Thanks a lot, Dani.

(crunching)

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> This week's Cow-Calf Corner could easily be subtitled

what to do when it looks like all else may fail.

What I'm referring to is the situation we have

in the western part of Oklahoma, even southwest Kansas,

where drought, of course, was the problem

that we were working with for several months,

that caused short hay supplies, short grass situations,

and in many cases,

some pretty thin cows coming through the winter.

The option that I think we may want to look at

in some of these situations is early weaning

of the spring-born calves, where we're actually

removing the calf from the cow in a time frame

of when the calf is someplace between 45 and 60 days of age.

There's been a lot of research done

on early weaning here at Oklahoma State University.

What they looked at was

early weaning calves from two-year-olds,

two-year-olds that were really quite thin,

and also they followed up the following year

and early-weaned calves from mature cows

that were in some better body condition.

Those two-year-olds that are really pretty thin,

coming out of winter, trying to nurse a calf.

The researcher here at Oklahoma State found that

removing that calf, weaning it between, it's like we say,

40 and 60 days of age, really had a positive impact

on the reproductive performance of those two-year-olds

as they went through the following breeding season.

With two-year-olds that were in the body condition score

of three to four, that's very, very thin,

half the calves were early-weaned,

the other half, those cows were allowed to raise them

to a normal weaning age of about seven months.

Those that weaned the calves early, 97% of them

were rebred in the breeding season that followed,

as compared to only 59% of the heifers

that were still nursing the calves

throughout the breeding season actually becoming pregnant.

So, you see a huge difference.

In the case of the mature cows, and quite frankly

they were in a little better body condition,

the body condition of a four or five,

the impact wasn't quite as great.

Those that were allowed to normally nurse the calf

throughout the summer period into the fall,

they had 81% of those rebred.

Not too bad.

In the case of the cows that had the calves early-weaned,

these mature cows, all of them rebred,

100% of them in that particular study.

What to do with the calf, of course, is the next problem.

If you're going to early-wean that calf at, say,

two months of age, getting it started on

a good grain growing ration is going to be key

to getting that calf through the summer period to where you,

again, can market it, later on,

perhaps late summer, early fall,

as pretty close to the time

that you would have weaned it and sold it anyway.

There are some rations that have been developed here

at Oklahoma State University

that can work with these very, very young calves.

It takes a good ration, of course,

to grow those calves when they're that young.

You'll find them if you'll go to a fact sheet.

It's called Management Considerations for Home-Raised

Pre-Conditioned Baby Calves.

So, this spring, or perhaps another spring,

when the winter hasn't been the way you would want it,

and we end up with especially some thin, young cows,

early weaning may be an option

in those very desperate situations.

Hope this is helpful to you and we look forward

to visiting with you next week on Sunup's Cow-Calf Corner.

(upbeat music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Recently there's been some news in the Spring Wheat

markets and Kim let's just dive in.

What's going on?

>>> Well it looks like Spring Wheat Planted Acres

are gonna be higher in both U.S. and Canada.

We've talked about, a whole lot about the shortage

of protein in the United States

and around the world, and that's got protein

for your Hard Spring Wheats,

which are the high protein wheats.

It's got demand for those acreage.

Also goin' on in the markets is,

I read one report this week that the managed money

is moving from stocks into commodities

and that could be positive for our prices.

And you look at what's goin' on on the board right now

and on the KC Wheat contract,

that's a Hard Red Winter Wheat contract.

The market is 35 thousand contracts long or bought,

and if you look at the Soft Winter Wheat market,

the Chicago contract, it's 55 thousand contracts short.

The market's sayin' right now that there's more

demand for the Hard Red Winter Wheat,

that's for your bread, flour, wheat,

I think that's where the shortage of quality wheat is,

or quality flour is, it's in the bread flour.

In the Soft Wheat I think it's adequate

and it's tellin' us we got more than enough Soft Wheat.

>>> Well that's all great,

but there's a World market out there.

How does that play into the Ukraine,

to the Russian Wheat, to the Oklahoma Wheat?

>>> Well I think the market is reacting to what's

goin' on in the former Soviet Union countries

and I'd throw in Eastern Europe there

because with the additional technology

that's impacted our prices, that's impacted our market,

Oklahoma's reacted to that.

We're down to what, 4.3 million planted acres,

where you go back a few years, what is it, five million?

The market's reacting to that.

Also, I think the Oklahoma producers

and the Hard Red Winter Wheat U.S. producers are reacting,

paying more attention to milling quality wheat

and paying attention to what the market wants.

>>> Is there going to continue to be a premium

for that higher quality premium wheat?

>>> Well that protein and the quality I think

is the demand is there.

If you look at the basis over the last few years

of when the quality has been below average

that basis has been up around a minus a dollar.

18 wheat the basis was minus 80, minus 90.

Right now that basis down to around a minus 40,

somewhere in that.

So it's improved 40 to 50 cents over the last

four or five months.

>>> Now will the Oklahoma producers actually

see that quality premium in there?

>>> Oh yeah, they'll see that, and they've already seen it.

That 50 cent increase in the basis is a 50 cent

increase in that cash price.

>>> 'Kay, here we are in April, soon to be May,

I love asking you this this time of year.

What's your projected wheat price for Western Oklahoma,

say the middle of June?

>>> Three dollars and, four dollars and 75 cents.

I almost messed up a dollar there.

I think it's gonna be because of that stronger basis

and I think it's because the market needs this wheat.

>>> Okay, thank you much.

Kim Anderson, Grain Marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Naturally Speaking

>>> With the recent wild fires in Western part of the state

some pond owners are wondering what the impact

is of ash washing into their pond.

I have not seen this to be a major cause of mortality

of fish, it's possible, but not terribly likely.

But you might wanna keep an eye and see what's

happening on your fish populations

more closely than usual.

This is also an opportunity to consider

visiting with your local fire department

to see if they have any ideas about how your pond

might be better prepared for use as a water source

in fighting wildfires.

They may need better access.

There may be ways to set up dry hydrants,

but whatever you do, it needs to be coordinated

with your local fire department.

Spring time is a great time to be thinking about your ponds.

Perhaps you don't spend a lot of time at the pond

and this might be a good way to establish

the habit of walking the edges of your pond,

and looking at the dam and the spillway to see

if everything is in good condition or if anything

is changing that you might benefit from catching

early before a problem develops into a very

full blown and expensive kind of situation.

Is your shoreline having any issues with erosion?

Do you see any shallowing of the shoreline at any point?

Any wave erosion going on?

On your dam and your spillway,

is there any indication of burrowing animals?

Now walking across the dam is the easy way to do it,

but if you really wanna see what's going on,

you need to get down on the face of the dam

and walk the face, both faces of the dam,

to look for signs of burrowing.

You can't always see mounds

with muskrat and beaver,

they're going to have underwater entrances

as they get into their burrowing activity

that will be pretty much invisible,

so look for any signs of slides or disturbance

of the vegetation, and if you see that,

you really don't wanna let this sort a situation

go for several years until you have a very

expensive repair issue.

The other thing you could be looking for

would be plant coverage, aquatic plant life in the pond.

We'd like to see from a fishing point of view

about 20% coverage, 20-30% coverage, that's considered good,

but if you're seeing a new plant that's coming on fast

or anything that's growing progressively

and to cover more and more of the pond year after year,

try to get after it, get it identified,

bring a sample into the county extension office.

As you're fishing the pond, if you're fishing your pond,

you might try to keep mental notes on what you're seeing.

If you see fish that you aren't familiar with,

try to get some pictures and get those identified.

Make sure that the fish are not becoming

overabundant and scrawny.

Overpopulated fish populations, there are things

we can do about that in terms of perhaps

adding some additional bass in or doing other things.

So take a more proactive approach to pond management.

See if you don't enjoy your pond more

and find some new uses for it that you hadn't considered.

(bluegrass instrumental music)

 

Oklahoma Wildfire - Restoring the herd

>>> Finally today, the beginning of the recovery process

after devastating wildfires in Western Oklahoma.

SUNUP's Dave Deken takes us to Dewey County.

>>> The initial shock has been pretty tough.

Lot of these guys said that we're gonna drive through

some of these areas, these guys have lost half

to three fourths of their cow herds.

I know that's pretty tough.

Being one of them myself, I'd experienced

been hit by the fire and some losses

that I've experienced, feel a little bit of their pain.

For the most part though, everybody's pitched in

and now that the initial shock's over.

(cows moo)

>>> We're spread out, run a mile and a half back west,

two miles back east, then we've got 400 and some acres

two miles north, and they've got all of it.

Everything's black.

And it's gonna be at least 45, 60 days

before we can turn back out on these pastures.

I lost 40 pairs.

This here's what's left off of them.

We may have to put some more down yet

because all the feed on 'em, it's undescribable.

>>> [Dave] With no standing forage, Roger and his brother

have found a way to hold their surviving calves together

until the Dewey County pastures return.

>>> South Cordell some graze out wheat

with this set of cattle and that's where they're going

then the truck should be here this afternoon.

>>> To say that the landscape of Dewey County

and Western Oklahoma has changed over the past week

would be an understatement.

But with the fire, has come help by the truckload.

>>> Oklahoma's standard is the neighbor taking care

of the neighbor.

And quite frankly, most everybody here in the area

that wasn't affected, they're trying to figure out ways

to help their neighbors rather than just standing by

and saying I'm glad I wasn't affected,

they're trying to actually run to it and say

okay we were okay, you're not, what can we do

to be able to help and walk alongside of you.

>>> Several phone calls, they may see the neighbor in need,

they'll call and say hey, we're gonna come and help you.

And that the type of people we're dealing with here

and you see them really band together in times like this.

They're in it for the long haul.

They're gonna be tough.

>>> [Dave] Much of the early help came from neighbors

down the county road.

Now, help is starting to pour in from hundreds of miles away

from people they've never met.

Two ranchers made the two and a half hour trip

from Englewood, Kansas, loaded with hay

to drop off at one of Roger's neighbors

because they knew what it was like

to lose nearly everything.

>>> I feel like we owe it to that community.

March 6th last year, the Starbuck hit us head on

and we lost about 15,000 acres.

Lost 155 cows, so we know what these guys

are going through and the first thing that you need

is hay to feed your cows.

>>> And knowing that it takes those things

for these people to maintain life for the next

whether it's five, six months or the next year

to survive, to get into the next calving season,

to get into the next cropping season,

and so if it wasn't for people

sending all these donations from all over the state

or all over the United States,

it'd be really tough for these people to survive.

>>> I don't know how we'll ever repay 'em.

They've been gracious.

>>> Some say that we're paying it forward,

but technically we're paying it back.

>>> [Dave] As we shot this story on Friday, April 20th,

the sky's were getting dark,

not because of smoke or blowing ash.

Actually because rain was moving in

from the Texas panhandle.

Since then, you can see much of the area has seen

over an inch of rain, which has not only helped

raise forage, but also raised spirits.

If you would like to donate hay or ag supplies,

visit our website SUNUP.OKState.edu.

(bluegrass instrumental music)

 

>>> And that'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime at SUNUP.OKState.edu

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(bluegrass instrumental music)

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