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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for April 21, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  •  Oklahoma Wildfire Resources
  • Limit feeding
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Canola Crop Tour
  • Land Run

  

(upbeat music)

Oklahoma Wildfire Resources

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP, I'm Lyndall Stout.

This week our hearts go out to the people

of Western Oklahoma, where devastating wildfires

have burned hundreds of thousands of acres.

Hardest hit are Dewey, Harper, Woodward, Roger Mills,

Woods, and Custer counties.

Governor Mary Fallin included these counties

when she declared a State of Emergency for the majority

of Oklahoma last week.

The loss is widespread and catastrophic.

The immediate need on the agriculture front

is hay and water for livestock,

along with other supplies,

like feed, cattle cake, milk-replacer and fencing.

OSU Cooperative Extension is helping with that effort.

If you can help donate, go to sunup.okstate.edu.

Of course, we'll have more on the fire

as well as relief and recovery efforts

in the weeks ahead.

 

Limit feeding - Getting the most out of your concentrate

>>> Things have been dry across Oklahoma and Dave,

there's some options out there for those cattle producers

that are wanting to save a portion of their herd,

without breaking the bank.

>>> Yeah, so the limiting resource is pasture and hay.

And so, we thought we might talk a little bit

about ways that we work with here

at the research, The Ranch and Cow Research Center

to stretch forage resources, whether it be pasture or hay.

And so, it won't work for everyone,

but there are some opportunity to limit graze,

and to limit access even to round bails of hay

and then supplement the rest of their diet

with a concentrate blend.

So we can make that happen and probably stretch

their hay supply, or pastures by four or five,

six times what they would have lasted

if they'd just given them free-choice access.

>>> And the theory behind that is,

to have two or three sections

of your property and a good gate.

>>> Yeah, so you're gonna need a corral or a sacrifice pasture

where the animals are essentially in a dry lot.

Okay, and that's where you'd feed the concentrate portion

or the supplement.

And the amount of that supplement, and the blend

is gonna vary depending on the animal's requirements,

and the most inexpensive concentrate grain resources

available in that region.

We just suggest to people that they get in contact

with a good nutritionist and work with a nutritionist

to come up with those complementary concentrates.

If we can put the cows in the dry lot area,

open the gate, let them have access, let's say to several

round bell feeders, leave them in there

for three to four hours, it looks like they would consume,

depending on the quality of the hay,

anywhere from six to maybe 12 pounds of dry matter hay.

And that's enough to keep them healthy,

keep them, you know, creates a scratch factor and room,

to keep those room and muscles churning,

just keep them healthy and minimize the chances

of bloat and founder.

Then they can, after three to four hours,

push 'em out, shut the gate and feed the concentrate there

in the other section of the corral.

You can do the same thing with a pasture.

Open the gate, let 'em out to graze,

we've done this with wheat pasture,

folks could do it with some of these pastures

that are graining up and maybe have

some standing forage from last year that

the cattle could still get some good out of.

But stretch that resource a lot further

by limiting their access.

It helps to have the water inside the pen

or the sacrifice pasture because,

after about three to four hours of progressive grazing,

cattle begin to fill up and they look for a play to lay down

but they want to go get a drink first.

>>> What should really be in the concentrate

that producers need to be thinking about and talking about?

>>> Okay, well it's gonna need to provide adequate protein

to complement the protein in the hay source.

So if you have really low quality,

say four or five percent native hay for example,

it's gonna need to have higher protein concentration

to offset the low protein in the hay.

If you have, uh, are fortunate enough

to have 11, 12 percent protein for new grass hay

or a cool season hay, wheat hay

or something like that then the concentrate can have lower

protein concentration.

The concentrate also needs to provide the minerals;

calcium, phosphorus, and the trace minerals

and the vitamins.

Primary vitamin we'd be concerned about

would be Vitamin A.

>>> And you mentioned the protein in the hay.

The producer can go to their county office,

their county extension office, and work with that.

>>> Yeah, absolutely, you take a, get a sample,

and we've got lots of information

on how best to go about getting a sample,

send it to a laboratory, commercial laboratory,

or a laboratory here on campus.

And they can get a crude protein value

back to you in just a few days.

I think as I recall, it costs about $12.

>>> Okay, there you go.

Thank you very much, Dave.

And for more information on leavening the feed

during a dry situation, you can go

to our website, sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Derrell Peel, our livestock specialist joins us now,

and Derrell, we've been talking about the wildfires

in western Oklahoma.

Any idea yet on the economic impact?

>>> Well obviously, the cattle operations

that are directly affected are seeing a number

of different impacts, so you know obviously

we've got cattle losses

and other livestock losses on these operations.

We've got extensive loss of forage, both pasture and hay,

as well as a lot of fence damage from the fires.

There's loss of facilities and equipment.

In terms of broader market impacts,

probably the most immediate effect

we might see is the increased demand

for hay and other emergency feed supplies.

That may actually show up as some market impacts

in those feed markets.

You know beyond that, I don't know that I expect the fires

directly to cause a lot of market impacts

for the cattle markets, per se.

However, the fires, of course, are a symptom

of a broader drought situation, and as we go forward,

if that persists and we do see significant liquidation

or movement of cattle out of that drought region,

then we could begin to see some broader market impacts.

>>> Let's kinda switch gears now,

and just get your assessment overall

on how the cattle markets are looking right now.

>>> You know, it's been a pretty dynamic spring.

The last couple months cattle markets have gone

through a fairly significant correction,

both cash and futures markets.

They went down, probably too low, as is often the case,

particularly in the futures markets.

And then we've seen a little bit of recovery

and a little more stable, a little more stability

in those markets, and so overall I'm feeling

fairly good about these markets.

We're in an uncertain environment.

There's still a lot of volatility out there

and a lot of uncertainty in the market,

but in general, I think these cattle markets are

in pretty good shape right now and probably kinda

where they need to be at this point in time.

>>> And with that in mind, your guidance

for Oklahoma producers?

>>> (laughs) You know, I guess a couple phrases come to mind.

You know, one of them is kind of proceed

with caution at this point.

There's certainly still a lot of uncertainty.

There's some things that can go wrong.

But at the same time, it's kind of a case

of so far so good.

Beef markets, beef demand looks good.

That's a real key as we go forward,

we'll certainly continue to watch that.

We know what the supply side is doing,

and there are gonna be some challenges there.

But as long as we don't see any major policy changes

or other things that affect the broader market environment,

then I think we're okay at this point.

There is risk there, so we have to

kinda be prepared for that, and maybe be prepared

to hunker down, but again,

at this point I'd say proceed with caution.

>>> Okay, Derrell, thanks a lot.

We'll see you again soon.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> The spring calving season is wrapping up across Oklahoma.

Now, I think, is a good time for producers

to go through the spring calving cows,

cause they're at the peak of lactation,

and examine to see if there's cows in your herd

that have unsound udders.

This would be a good time to write their numbers down

in your record book, so that next fall

when weaning takes place, these cows may be

on your cull list, if especially they have

something else wrong with them

that would cause them to be removed from the herd.

Culling cows that have bad udders can have a couple

of positive impacts on the cow herd.

Number one, we know that there is a genetic factor

involved with udder soundness.

Research done years ago with Brahman cattle indicated

that about 25% of the differences was due to genetics,

and therefore, some selection would cause

improvement over time.

More recently, Kansas State University did a large study

on Hereford cattle and found that the heritability

of udder soundness was even a little bit higher.

For what they called the total udder score,

they found that the genetic differences were

about 30% of the difference

that they found in udder soundness.

And so that means that if we cull those cows

that have bad udders, as well as not keep

daughters out of those cows, overtime we should

be able to improve the udder soundness in our herd.

The other side of the coin that comes to play

in a more immediate sense, is that research here

in Oklahoma State has shown us that cows

with one or more unsound quarters

would be ones that would produce less milk

and therefore, their calves would lean on an average

of 50 to 60 pounds lighter, than cows with four

sound quarters on their udder.

As we look at these udders, there's two things

that I think you want to evaluate.

First of all, the teat size and shape.

Watch for those very large funnel shape teats.

It's a situation where mastitis may have occurred.

That particular quarter may be infected,

and therefore dry.

The other thing to look for, especially in older cows,

is a weakening of the suspensory ligament.

That's that ligament that separates the left half

from the right half of the udder, and in many cases,

as they get older, that weakens and allows that udder

to drop down and be closer to the ground area.

That's a situation where when their calf is born,

it takes that calf longer to find the teat,

to get the colostrum they need within those

first few hours of life.

Look at those particular kinds of problems,

and see if they exist in some of the cows in your herd,

and then, next fall, let's go ahead and see if that's

not a pretty good reason to go ahead and pull her out,

and cull her, and not save her heifer calf.

We hope this improves your herd in the future,

and we certainly look forward to visiting with you

again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(upbeat music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson our crop marketing specialist is here now,

and Kim you have some good news and some not so good news

this week, why don't we start with the bad news.

>>> Well if you look at the bad news, course we've got

the drought, and then you've got the freezes,

and the lowest crop conditions that we've had in years.

Then you got the rain, which is good and bad.

Some producers that their crops look really bad

and they're poor, they'd like to get those written off

with insurance so that they can come in with summer crops.

They may just get enough rain in there to get a small crop

and not be able to write that off,

and that could be bad for some.

You look at the Ken-City July contract,

you go back to July, we at one point knocked 80 cents off

the high of that, then it rallied back up.

Recently we've knocked 40 cents off of that.

It's ran our harvest prices down some

and the nearby prices.

And then you've got the China trade situation.

This last week they put a tariff on sorghum.

Course they already had tariff on corn

and they already had a tariff on sorghum,

they just added to it.

So you've got that situation going on.

>>> So why don't you enlighten us now, and hopefully

lift the mood a little bit, what's some good news?

>>> Well I think the good news is one, the rain.

We've got some areas of wheat that aren't damaged

by the freeze, that survived the droughts

and I think this rain can help fill those berries.

Get us some good yield, good us some good test weight,

and get us some protein in there.

And then there's the price, well our Kansas City

July contract price is lower.

Our basis has increased 45 cents over

the last month and a half.

And we talked about that earlier in the year,

that if it looked like we were having a good crop

coming on with test weight and yields,

and that the market needed this crop,

and I think that signs that it needs the crop.

It's down to a minus 35, minus 40 cents.

>>> With the market offering $4.75, does that change

your overall price outlook?

>>> Probably not.

I think $4.75's a good bet depending on

how the wheat comes out of this freeze

and what the rain does.

The real kicker is test weight and protein.

If we have, say, 59, 60 pound test weight on the average,

if we had 12 four, 12 five protein,

I think we'll have prices above five dollars.

But on the other side, if we have test weights

down 56 or lower, or, really, 58 or lower,

and protein, say, 11 or less, we're gonna have

down around four dollar prices because the market

just won't need that wheat.

So, I think $4.75's a good shot.

Maybe five dollars, and then it's gonna depend on

quality, and I'm optimistic about that.

>>> I like optimism.

Finally, what's happening with the summer crops?

>>> Well they've increased a little bit.

Not like we've seen in wheat.

Corn, Central Oklahoma, $3.60.

Panhandle, $4.15.

Sorghum, $3.50 in Oklahoma.

Soybeans, nine dollars and 50 cents

pretty much around the state and Canola it's $6.80.

So they increased a little bit,

and they're kinda moving up slowly.

We'll have to wait and see what happens

with planning and how the fall looks.

>>> Okay, Kim Anderson, thanks a lot.

We'll see you next week.

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet Weather Report.

This week has been a tough one.

Drought delayed green up this year in Western Oklahoma.

Fires raged in the bright orange areas close to

Mesonet sites with less than 30% of their

normal rainfall from the water year

that began on October 1st.

Air temperatures Tuesday reached

90 degrees or more at 38 Mesonet sites.

Three sites hit 100 degrees: Altus, Tipton, and Alva.

Alva started the day at 33 degrees

then climbed 68 degrees by late afternoon to 101.

High air temperatures gave us

historically low humidities on Tuesday.

Humidities at Mangum and Canton were only 3%.

12 sites had relative humidities of 5% or less.

Such dry air provides bone-dry fuel for fires.

We hope the rain is falling at your house.

Here's Gary with more on conditions

leading to our recent fires.

>>> Thanks, Al, and good morning everyone.

I'm sure we're all tired of the fires,

and I hope by the time you're watching this

that you've gotten some rain at your place.

We're still having drastic fire conditions.

Let's go straight to the newest

Drought Monitor map and see what we have.

Well, easy to see that area where the fires

have been rampant across the state.

Western Oklahoma still in extreme to exceptional drought.

As we go to the southeast of there,

very quickly we get to areas with no drought

in Southeast Oklahoma, and that's very simply

there is where it's rained, and it hasn't rained.

To punctuate that point, we're going to look

at the growing season this week, and we can see, again,

that northwestern half the state, in general,

less than a half inch of rain.

There are a few good rains in there,

a little bit less than two inches

up in North-Central, Northeast Oklahoma,

but still, if we look at the Percentage

of Normal Rainfall map for that same time period,

we'll see that's generally from 25%

to even less than 10% of normal

since May 1st, the beginning of the growing season.

And, of course, there are those good to

somewhat less than good rains across Southeast Oklahoma,

but at least enough to keep them out of drought conditions.

One of the reasons we're seeing this drastic fire danger

is the fact that we have yet to green up,

and that's due to the lack of rainfall.

We're gonna show you the Relative Greenness maps

from the Oklahoma Mesonet's OK-FIRE program.

This is from a drought year, which

would be this year, obviously,

versus a non-drought year which was spring of 2016.

If you see the difference in the two maps,

you can see the difference in the lack of green

in the 2018 spring year, and the abundance

of the green in the 2016 spring year.

And generally, the wheat crop, you can see that very easily,

April 18, 2016, April 16, 2018,

the wheat crop is still struggling

over a large portion of the Wheat Belt

in North-Central, Southwestern, and Western Oklahoma.

So we have the warmth now, all we need is the rainfall.

So once we get that green up,

the wildfire danger tends to disappear during the spring,

and that's what we're waiting for.

Hopefully next week we'll have better news for you.

That's it for this week, we'll see you next time

on the Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Canola Update

>>> The yellow flowers are bloomin' across Oklahoma,

and Josh, that means that the canola is comin' along.

You've been out across the state with the canola tours.

What have you been seein'?

>>> Ya know we just finished our

last one up in Northeast Oklahoma.

We were at the Rendel Farms up in Miami,

up in Ottawa County, and ya know it's a mixed bag

this year, Dave, 

 >>> Yeah.

>>> And I think growers that have moved around the state,

and have neighbors, and talked to folks around is,

it's that mixed bag is probably the best way

to describe the crop this year.

We have some really good lookin' fields,

and we still have some fields

that we probably don't wanna look at anymore,

and, ya know, it's kinda up in the air

where the crop is. 

>>> Mhm

>>> Ya know, kinda lookin throughout the state,

we were out with John Damacone on these tours,

and he really has had to struggle

to find Blackleg through the state.

We haven't been able to find a

whole lot of Sclerotinia.

The big thing is canola growers all too,

all too well know Aster Yellow,

and that's actually one that we haven't

seen a whole lot of this year.

So, overall, just the insect pressure has been moderate.

We've had pockets of big Diamondback moth larva

and big pockets of aphids that have popped up here and there

But overall, just as a general season,

compared to the last couple years,

we've been kind-of low on that front.

>>> And it seems like we get to this point every year,

and we have that, if we get rain, it could turn it around.

Will the plants, will the quality of the seed,

the quality of the oil change,

from what we see now with these taller plants

to maybe the more stressed plants?

>>> Yeah, so what we can see is with that moisture

that's gonna be a tipping bucket on a lot of things.

Our yield, obviously, we have some out there

that has the potential to still get 10 or 15 bushel.

As you move a little bit further east,

you have some that probably has the potential still

for that 30, 35 bushel,

and then on the eastern side of the state,

we're in pretty good spot.

With the content of the oil,

that's one thing we've focused on

in the last couple years,

is how much oil we actually have in that seed.

That's really gonna depend on where the main yield

of the crop comes from.

The oil on the seed comes from

those stress conditions during flowering,

so if this main raceme that we're working with right now

is what we're gonna get, the drought conditions,

the overly hot weather, the dry weather, the wind,

is probably gonna push our oil down a little bit.

>>> We've had some freeze conditions across Oklahoma

here in the past couple weeks,

the canola plant will continue to try to grow

even though it may be damaged.

>>> Yeah, and we can see that on a lot of this.

And the big thing we've stressed over the last couple years

is that canola is exceptionally versatile.

And it's very resilient.

The biggest thing we've seen is these crook stems.

>>> Right.

>>> And you see this one right here is very similar

to what growers should expect.

It got that freeze right here,

it crooked the stem, you can actually see that it aborted

this flower and this flower.

These were the ones that were flowering

at the time of freeze.

And that's where the crook and the stem is.

However, with these conditions, these warm conditions,

here on these plots here,

we got actually pretty good moisture.

So as that moisture and those good conditions

that raceme has started to work it's way vertical again,

and it should be no problem by the end of the year.

>>> So really, if you have a plant up right now,

and you get a little bit of rain, you'll get some yield?

>>> Yeah, we don't--

>>> More than likely.

(laughing)

>>> It depends, Dave.

But no, I mean we're not in a great situation, by any means.

We're, in some places, we're not even in a good situation.

But if we get some good moisture, some cool weather,

we could turn a poor to fair condition into a good one,

and get some yield to save this crop here

in the next couple days.

>>> Okay, thank you much,

Josh Lofton, Cropping Systems Specialist,

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Land Run

>>> Finally today, nearly 130 years ago,

our Oklahoma ancestors rode through the plains

to find a place to call home.

Now all this time later,

4-Hers in Custer County are teaching others

about the Oklahoma Land Run, and our history.

Sunup's Kurtis Hair put together this story.

>>> Who's Lou?

>>> Well hello again, John.

Turns out that my appointment got canceled,

because the lady who was coming in had a little problem.

>>> I wrote the play "Ride Fast, John"

and I wrote this originally.

A lot of kids don't know quite about the land run,

and since we live in Oklahoma,

this is a super important part of our history,

and it's kind-of unique, especially for our state.

>>> Yes, we have her maid's named Simone.

And she should be here any minute.

>>> So we have two different clubs here in Custer County.

We have the Custer County Performing Arts Club

and the Custer County Horse Club,

and they joined forces today, so to speak,

to talk about the Oklahoma Land Run.

And so the performing arts club is doing a skit,

and then after the skit,

they go and they watch an actual land run

with our horse club.

>>> And I would just trot her, Bailey.

(kids yelling excitedly)

>>> I'm gonna win.

>>> Yeah, I'm gonna get the best piece of land.

>>> I think I'm faster.

>>> Whatever.

(crowd cheering)

>>> Go!

>>> So we wanted the kids to have an opportunity

to just see what the land run was really like.

So my sister, Madison, she did the play,

so the kids could have a story behind it.

And when she was writing the play,

I thought, "Well they need to be able to experience that."

To see what it was like.

>>> And is milk coming from the cow,

is it cold or hot, warm?

>>> [Crowd] Hot!

It's warm!

Lukewarm!

>>> They are learning about different things,

like how to make butter, how to make biscuits, and,

learning about different animals and things

that they would've had during the land run.

(boys yelling)

(rope clinks)

>>> Yay!

>>> It's important for anyone to know

about the history of an area,

especially the history of your own state.

And it's something for kids to look forward to.

(Clanging)

>>> See how much we've changed that now?

Took it from that rectangular cross section.

(furnace roars)

How hot do you think it is in there?

You got a guess?

>>> [Boy] A thousand.

>>> About 2,000.

>>> Technology's a big deal in our society,

and a lot of them are exposed to that, even at this age.

And we want to show them that,

through 4-H and through other events,

they don't always have to be on a phone, to be entertained,

and that learning about history,

and learning about other events,

is actually fun and some of it,

this allows them to form connections with it.

>>> [Crowd] Red rover, red rover, send Dylan right over!

(children laughing)

>>> I'm enjoying it, and I'm glad I got to learn about

how horse shoes are made, and

the temperature they have to be burned at.

>>> You know, it's Oklahoma history.

And not only is it Oklahoma history,

it's just history in general.

And they're learning about how butter is made,

so butter doesn't come from the store.

Or it doesn't come from the refrigerator.

So they're learning the principles

and the history behind where we are today.

(audience clapping)

>>> Chloe Ann Iziel Glennis

(clapping)

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

A reminder, OSU Cooperative Extension is helping

with wildfire recovery efforts.

We're working with the USDA Farm Service Agency

to present a fire informational meeting

at 1 p.m., Tuesday, April 24th

at the High Plains Technology Center in Woodward.

And if you have hay

or other agricultural supplies to donate,

these are the numbers to call.

Of course, all of this information is available for you

at sunup.okstate.edu.

(gentle Western music)

>>> I'm Lyndall Stout.

We'll see you next week.

(cheerful music)

 

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