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Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
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Transcript for March 31, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Canola Update
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Haydon Farms, LLC's in action
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • The impact of tariffs on agriculture
  • Food Whys
  • Educating tomorrow's producers


(country music)


Canola Update

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to Sunup.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Welcome rains this week

are just what the Canola crop needed

even though the pan handle area could use some more.

For an update on the crop

as well as some guidance on sorghum

we caught up with our

extension cropping systems specialist Josh Lofton.

>>> It's a beautiful day

and some people think beautiful day's bright, sunny

I love to see these storm clouds

especially with these drive we've been in.

And as we've seen a little bit over the last couple weeks

we've started to get kinda the rains

hopefully moving back into the system

and we see this has really helped the crop.

And what we see here is the canola, we have canola

here at the Plant Path Farm in Stillwater.

It's looking really good

as is a lot of the canola around the state with these rains.

And what it's actually started to do is

start moving this crop along quite a bit.

We see here if you kind of look down

this is some of the more immature canola.

You can actually start seeing the head

the flowering structure kind of peaking through

on some of this canola so this kind of symbolizes

a lot of management practices or a lot of considerations

we have to have here in the next coming weeks for canola.

>>> And what are some of those kind of things

that you're starting to talk about with producers

you know from here moving forward toward harvest.

>>> Yeah and so the problem we've had is

because the canola and the weather has been so marginal

that a lot of folks haven't wanted to put in the input.

You know your fertilizers and controlling your weeds.

And that's just something that right now the canola needs.

You know we've had these rains, now it needs nitrogen,

it needs to have had the weeds controlled.

And as we get in to reproductive growth

we actually look at a lot of our labels on our herbicides

and a lot of our herbicides become off label.

And so if you have some later progressing canola

that don't have those bud clusters out yet,

we need to make sure we're putting those herbicides.

Cause we're getting the conditions that mean that

we could actually see this canola crop turn around.

If you haven't got your fertilizer on,

it's time to get that fertilizer on.

But it's the other thing is that we're starting

to see a lot around the state is aphids and worms.

And we're really starting to see a lot of those.

And you can tell here on some of this

you can start to see some of this bullet holing.

You know is really good indication of

some of your chewing and feeding worms.

And the big thing is a lot of our canola around the state

has very little bio mass because of how dry it's been.

We don't need those things chewing up what bio mass

we have cause we're going to need that

for the coming you know couple of months.

So what growers can do if they have canola you know

they're typically on the underside of the leaf

they're really small right now.

You can kinda come and beat some of the canola leaves.

And there you see right here we had two, three worms

kinda pop out of this canola plant here.

You'll see these worms they're kinda form a 'c'

when you get your finger on them.

And this is time that we need to make sure

that we're controlling these.

>>> Let's switch gears now and talk about sorghum.

Where are most folks with their sorghum crop

and is it too late to get rolling?

>>> Most of the time you know we're sitting here

now we're right at the first of April.

I prefer most guys to have had their ground work.

And it would be really good if

you are going in to a tillage situation

that you've already worked your ground

and you can use these rains to kinda smooth everything out.

Our no till guys are looking really good

getting some good soil moisture in.

But if you're going into conventional

I'd like to see some sorghum going in

and already having some tillage operation

and start moving towards the next management practices

cause we got quite a few coming up.

>>> Let's talk about what you and the team

are getting organized for this spring

and it's those canola tours.

Talk about those.

>>> Of course it's one of those annual things

you know it's April when

the variety tours start coming your way.

And it's no different this year.

With canola we're looking at the 10th and 12th

for the Western side of the state.

And then we're going to be over on

the Eastern side of the state on the 17th.

And we have a flyer circulating out

that we can get and have on the website

that way you can see where we're actually

gonna be on those critical dates.

But yeah we're looking here in the next two weeks

to have our variety tours where growers can come out.

Listen to what those late season

management practices are needing to be.

Where the crop looks.

Where our expert say the crop potential could be.

As well as looking at how well

the varieties are performing this year.

>>> Now a lot of folks have been busy with

the Dicamba trainings going on

the past couple of months

and those are winding down

but there's still an opportunity left there?

>>> Yeah, there's still at least one more opportunity

on the fourth of April were gonna have a big

growers meeting out in the panhandle.

We're gonna talk about a variety of things,

cotton production, soybean production, irrigation.

And then one of those things is gonna be that critical

Dicamba training.

Remember, if you're gonna be putting out that Xtend

herbicide onto cotton and soybean this year.

You're gonna need to have this training to purchase that.

Like you said, we kinda getting towards the end

of the training so it's one of those later opportunities.

That if you haven't made it, you're on the

western side of the state and you wanna take a trip

out to Guymon, it's gonna be at Honey's Bar-B-Q,

there in Guymon Goodwill.

And they can come out,

hear a little bit about crop production,

And get your Dicamba certification as well.

>>> Okay Josh, thanks a lot.

>>> Thank you.

>>> We'll see you again soon.

And for a link to more information on the Dicamba training

as well as the upcoming canola tours,

go to

(cheerful music)


Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

Folks are ready for the warmth and color of spring

to settle in and stay a while.

Wednesday morning, air temperatures in the panhandle

were in the 20s.

Eva was the coldest location at 23 degrees.

For most of the state, morning lows were in the mid-40s.

It was warm in the southeast corner of the state

Wednesday morning.

Three sites had 58 degree lows.

The three say average of bare soil temperatures

on Wednesday range from a high of 66 at Burneyville

and Tipton near the Red River,

to 53 at Copan in the northeat.

Summer vegetables and ornamentals like soil temperatures

in the mid-60s and warmer.

On Wednesday the count of days since a quarter inch

or more of rain fell hit 180 in Kenton.

Our early week rain split the state along a line

that tracked Interstate 44.

South and east of that line rain amounts were good.

Three Mesonet sites collected four inches.

Two to three inches was common.

To the north and west blue areas received less than an inch,

panhandle sites were left dry again.

Here's Gary with a check on drought conditions.

>>> Thanks Allen, good morning everyone.

Well we certainly have a tale of two states,

and I-44 appears to be the dividing line, more or less.

To the southeast we have the haves,

and to the northwest we have the have nots.

The line's a little bit fuzzier than that,

so let's go right to the new drought monitor map

and see what we have.

Well as you can see, much of the southeastern half

basically of Oklahoma without drought of any kind.

We do have some of that abnormally dry the DZ row yellow.

But to the northwest of that we have a large area of

extreme to exceptional drought covering much

of northwestern Oklahoma.

But if we go to the Water year rainfall map, from the Mesonet

this is from October 1st, basically through March 27th.

And we can see the exact reason for that stark difference

in the drought monitor map.

We have 0.3 inches since October 1st, 2017 up in Kenton,

in the far western panhandle.

And it increases slowly as we go to the east.

And then right when you get close to I-35,

boom that's when you start to get a lot

of the higher amounts.

And then we get to a maximum of about 30 inches

down in far southeastern Oklahoma.

So that's again the stark difference in rainfall fortunes

for the state since mid-fall of last year.

If you look at that as a percentage of normal rainfall

again from the Mesonet.

Well once again it shows those surplus amounts,

or close to normal amounts across much of east Oklahoma.

And then just the pitiful amounts as we get up across

northwestern Oklahoma, far western Oklahoma,

and even parts of central Oklahoma.

So now that we're here in spring,

when you really need these rainfall events to start

to creep up toward the northwest

and start to alleviate drought in those areas as well.

So let's hope for that in the future.

That's it for this time, we'll see you next time

on the Mesonet weather report.

(cheerful music)


Haydon Farms, LLC’s in action

>>> Talking business now and why setting up your farm

as an LLC may be something worth considering.

SUNUP videographer Ed Barron takes us

to Okfuskee County to learn more.

>>> [Maxine] When we moved into this house, it was in

great condition compared to 90% of the other farms,

but very simple compared to today.

(raining and thundering)

All of this, making a living and acquiring,

for raising your children doesn't come easy,

and I started, our first trust was November 28th of 1982.

(birds chirping)

>>> When you talk to most farmers and ranchers,

and you ask them what they want to have happen

with their farm or ranch business,

they'll almost always say,

"well I want to keep that operation intact,"

as it goes to the next generation."

And so, one way an LLC can help you with that,

is that operating assets or land or the business itself

can be placed in the LLC, and you can give

different types of LLC interests

to those on-farm and off-farm heirs.

So, it's a way of helping to deal with the interests

of heirs that might have different perspectives on the farm,

but at the same time, keeping all those assets together,

and working at peak efficiency.

>>> And when we purchased this land,

the IRS told, you have to charge $25 an acre, the ask then.

And can you imagine, course we have more land

than we did then, but I don't think without knowing,

you can imagine what the taxes would have to sell,

even though we had savings, we would a had to sell land.

And then you start over.

>>> Taxes for LLC's can actually be selected.

You can choose to be taxed as a partnership,

which means that all of the income and expense items

actually flow through the LLC, and are reported

on the individual tax returns of the owners.

And so, that avoids having a layer of double taxation

at the entity level, everything just basically

flows through to the members.

But for some operations, it makes a little bit more sense

that they are taxed at the entity level,

especially if that entity's gonna provide things

like salaries, retirement benefits, insurance,

those are deductible items for a separately taxed entity

that wouldn't be deductible for an individual.

Anytime you have any sort of business where there's

appreciable assets at risk, it's always a good idea

to think about the LLC format for some of those reasons.

(upbeat bluegrass music)


Cow-Calf Corner

>>> If you're going to have some replacement heifers

that you plan to breed this spring,

you'll want to remember some research that was done

here at Oklahoma State University about 17, 18 years ago,

where they looked at the effect of a change in nutrition

right at the time of the start of the breeding season.

What they did in this particular study was take

a set of heifers, and have them on a good growing diet,

about 20% above maintenance.

Half of the heifers, they took them and put them

on a lower diet, that only contained about a third

as much as the others were receiving.

So they only received about 40% of what they really

needed just to maintain their weight.

Those heifers, both sets, were given

estrous synchronization drugs so that they could time

when those heifers would come into heat,

and therefore ovulate.

And by doing some blood samples, and looking carefully

at the hormone changes in those blood samples,

they could tell which of the heifers continued to cycle,

and to go ahead and ovulate,

and which ones failed to do that.

The heifers that they put on that restricted diet

for only 14 days, 30% of them was all that went ahead

and had an estrous cycle and ovulation,

whereas 100%, all of the heifers,

that were maintained on that good growing diet

throughout that two week period, went ahead and ovulated.

What this tells me is that we need to be cautious

about how we handle heifers,

right before the start of a breeding season.

In some cases we may be moving them from a pasture

where they were receiving some good supplement,

perhaps in some cases where there was rain,

they were on wheat pasture, and then moved

to a headquarters area so they could be synchronized

and artificially inseminated, but perhaps put

on dormant Bermuda grass or native range,

a much lower quality overall diet.

That could mimic that same situation

that was taking place in the study that we talked about.

Also, if you are in a situation where some heifers

might have been on a dry lot, and receiving

a good growing diet, to being hand fed,

and then you decide to put them out into a breeding pasture,

perhaps with bulls, again, that same kind

of negative loss in terms of protein and energy

going to those heifers, could have that adverse affect

on cyclicity and ovulation rates.

So let's keep that in mind.

As we go into this breeding season, we wanna try to keep

these replacement heifers.

As they're reaching puberty, we want them to continue

to grow and continue to put on weight into and through

the breeding season.

We'll get a much higher percentage of them cycling

and having a chance to get bred.

Hope this helps you this year, and we certainly look forward

to visiting with you again next week on SUNUP's

cow-calf corner.

(upbeat music)


Market Monitor

>>> On Thursday, the U.S.D.A. released their perspective

planning report for March.

Kim, was it everything that the market was hoping for?

>>> I think it's better than what the market was hoping for.

You look at the average of the trade estimates for corn;

80.4 million acres, it came in at 88.

Soybeans, the trade expected 91 million plus, it came in

at 89; both positive for corn and beans.

For wheat, the trade was expecting 46.3 million acres;

it came in at 47.3 three higher than expectations.

Winter wheat trade was expecting 32.5, it came in at 32.7

higher than expectations.

Other spring, big change there; 11.5 for expectations,

12.1 for the actual report.

Cotton came in at 13.5 million acres; last year it was 12.6.

I think that 13.5's probably a little lower than

the trade expected.

You look at Oklahoma wheat acres, they raised them to

41.3 million acres from 41, and cotton came in at

680 million acres; you know everybody's been talking about

700 to 750 million acres, and of course it's 585 last year.

>>> Of all those numbers, what numbers should Oklahoma

producers be looking at if they're wanting to pencil out

their summer crops this year?

>>> Well, if you're looking at summer crops, we can look at,

say, southwestern Oklahoma: wheat, forward contract,

I think that's a good number to use.

The basis is 58 cents under the July contract, our cash

about 4,20.

Corn's a minus 60 under that December contract; $3.37 cents.

Milo, 65 under for $3.32.

Soybean's 90 cents less than the November contract at $9.23.

If you look at central Oklahoma, it's a minus 40 for

a wheat basis, $4.38.

Corn, minus 57, $3.40.

Milo, a minus 65 cents for $3.32.

Beans, a minus 90 at $9.23.

I think those forward contracts would be the numbers I use

when I was penciling out which summer crop

I wanted to plant.

>>> Staying with the summer crop theme here, cotton looks

really good; everybody's talking cotton.

But, can it be profitable in Oklahoma this year?

>>> I think it can if the weather goes along with planting;

we get good weather for production.

I think the problem is right now, you know, cotton on

the board's 77, 78 cents; the acreage, I believe, is

a little less than expected, but with everybody and

their dog planning on planting cotton, if we have good

weather and you have good production, I don't think

that 77 cents will hold.

But right now, it looks really good and you don't know when

it's gonna break, but you might as well take the gamble.

>>> This time of year, we really look at cotton price

or corn prices and wheat prices.

Will corn really impact wheat this year?

>>> Corn could if corn prices, if we have a big corn crop,

of course the acreage is down; that's not gonna help.

If corn prices will stay low, then it's poss ...

If corn prices will increase, with the lower acre, so

that's good.

Prices increase, that means we can feed more wheat,

and we need to get some of this poor-quality wheat out of

the bins and off the ground and into the feed lots.

I think that would help us get rid of low-quality


>>> [Presenter] Thank you very much, Kim.

Kim Anderson, Grain Marketing Specialist here at Oklahoma

State University.


The impact of traffic on agriculture

Over the past couple of weeks, we've heard a lot about

possible tariffs on steel and aluminum, and what that can

mean for the agricultural industry.

With a little bit of insight on that, here's Extension

Economist, Larry Sanders.

>>> Because we do participate in international trade

agreements that we have to abide by, we have to have good

reasons to do things like this, and justification of

the Trump administration is national security;

that we have to have a viable steel and aluminum industry

to be able to maintain our national security.

They're concerned that it's continuing to erode away

to foreign countries production, so the hope is

that if we do this, it will strengthen our domestic

production of this.

There's also the side effect that we will be able to employ

more people in those; that's the concept.

In the short term, winners obviously are gonna be

U.S. steel and aluminum producers and people who work in

those industries, and related industries to those domestic


Losers: consumers.

Those are gonna be some of the losers; farmers, the threat

of trade wars that are going to occur, foreign countries

that aren't gonna be happy that we're making their steel

and aluminum more expensive, or maybe gonna slap tariffs

on farm output like soybeans and cotton and maybe wheat.

And so maybe they won't be able to afford to buy as much

from our farmers, or maybe they'll go to some other

country to buy them.

If you look at the top producers of steel and aluminum

globally, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, China, are all in that

top ten mix.

They may decide that they don't wanna come to the

United States for agricultural products anymore.

China could go somewhere else, so we could lose

markets in China.

We have had record breaking years in the last five years,

with our exports of agricultural products

selling to the rest of the world.

And most of that gain was in the Pacific Rim.

Pacific Rim, there's a lot of those countries

South Korea among them, that produce steel and aluminum,

and they could very easily decide to look elsewhere

for their agricultural inputs, maybe go to Australia,

or go to Canada for those.

So agriculture's at risk, big time, with this happening.

Agriculture gets over a third of it's income from sales

to the rest of the world, and that's why we are at risk.

(soft guitar music.)


Food Whys

>>> Today's topic on Food Wise

is the hype about natural sugars,

and here to talk about it is Danni Bellmer,

a food engineer here at the Food Non-products Center.

And Danni, what are the sources of sugar?

Let's start with that.

>>> Okay, most of our sugar today comes from three sources,

sugar cane, sugar beets, and corn.

And the sugar that we get from sugar cane and sugar beets

is in the form of sucrose, that's the table sugar

that we all know and love.

And sucrose is actually half glucose, and half fructose.

And high fructose corn syrup is the sugar that we get

from the modification of corn starch,

which is also a mixture of glucose and fructose.

>>> Now there's been a lot of negativity in recent years

about high fructose corn syrup,

why are people so concerned?

>>> There has, and high fructose corn syrup is actually

the new food monster, I guess, and it turns out that

cane sugar and high fructose corn syrup are identical

pretty much, they both contain about 50% glucose

and 50% fructose.

And it turns out that food manufacturers actually

prefer to use high fructose corn syrup because it's cheaper

and easier to use, so we see it in a lot of products now,

including soft drinks, salad dressings, ketchup,

it's everywhere.

>>> And lately other sugars, like honey and agave,

have been getting a lot of attention.

Why the hype about those sugars now?

>>> So people now think they want natural sugar,

but the FDA actually doesn't even regulate the word natural.

And so products like honey, and maple syrup, and agave

are seen as a healthy alternative, but guess what,

they're still sugar, they're still made of roughly

50% fructose, 50% glucose, just like cane sugar and

high fructose corn syrup.

But people seem to believe that they have these

added health benefits.

We also see lots of new terms on food products

that are meant to sound more natural,

like raw cane sugar, evaporated cane juice,

that's just sugar.

>>> So with all of this in mind, what is your

recommendation in terms of sugar consumption?

>>> Well, first of all, if you're going to eat sugar,

the best form of it is in whole fruit, right?

Whole fruit also contains fiber, other vitamins, minerals,

that help you feel full and give you some added satiety.

I believe that our health problems have nothing to do with

the type of sugar, it's just that we consume

way too much sugar, most of us need to eat less sugar.

>>> And be aware of where all the sugar is

in the things that we like.

>>> Exactly.

>>> Thanks a lot, Danni.

For more information on the things that

Danni talked about today, go to SUNUP.OKState.Edu.

(soft guitar music)


Educating tomorrow’s producers

>>> Finally today, it doesn't get much better than this.

Hundreds of first graders interacting with animals

and learning about agriculture.

Once again, a story with videographer Ed Barren.

>>> Today's our first ever first grade Ag-Fest,

and so we will have about 500 first grade students

from Stillwater Public Schools joining us for

an experience, just to experience

a little bit of agriculture.

(horse neighing)


>>> What's your favorite part about being here today?

>>> The horse.

>>> The horse?

>>> Yeah.

>>> Did you get to touch the horse?

>>> Uh huh.

>>> All right, what was it like petting the horse?

>>> It felt really nice.

>>> We have booths from Dairy Sense club, a lot of our clubs

on campus that have an Ag or plant related focus,

just to share with students a little bit about

their species or interest, or the meat area.

Agronomy club will be here as well

talking about plants.

And just to share a little bit about that

agricultural enterprise with students.

>>> What's your favorite part about being here today?

>>> The pig.

>>> The pig, why is the pig your favorite?

>>> 'Cause it (mumbles) and wouldn't lick it.

>>> We've got more questions like, what products

do you eat that pigs contribute to, or

what does agriculture mean to you?

When they're younger like this, they like to get

the more broad Ag picture, and then have the

swine aspect to back it up.

Not only do we get to teach the kids a little bit about

agriculture, but also, when they get home,

parents a lot of times will have tons of questions,

and call back and wanna know more about

agriculture as well.

So these events are amazingly successful,

and we're very excited that we had one this year.

(children laughing)


>>> That'll do it for us this week,

remember, you can find us anytime at our website,

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week, everyone,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(soft guitar music)


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