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Oklahoma State University
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Transcript for March 24, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Limiting wheat disease
  • Limit feeding
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Vet Script
  • Woodard Workshops


(optimistic music)


Limiting wheat disease

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

The arrival of spring is a good time

to start the conversation about potential diseases

and viruses in Oklahoma wheat fields

during the growing season.

We begin with our Extension Wheat Pathologist,

Bob Hunger.

>>> Well, in Oklahoma this past fall, and through the winter,

of course it was extremely dry and the temperatures

were fairly cold.

That was the case down in Texas, as well.

So there just hasn't been that buildup of inoculum

of the rust to come blowing up into Oklahoma

as there typically is.

So they just have not had the inoculum to blow up

and cause the foliar diseases up here.

>>> So we don't expect to see that widespread

this growing season like we have in the past?

>>> Probably not, especially of stripe rust

because for stripe rust to get bad in Oklahoma

it usually has to be seen in Oklahoma by late February

or early March, and I haven't had any reports

of that at all.

Leaf rust could still come because it's a rust

that does a little better in warmer temperatures,

and so if they do get moisture in Texas

and then we get it across Oklahoma as well,

that'll help build up the rust.

But it's just starting to get worm enough now,

and the wheat has started growing again,

so the canopy has covered over and it'll increase humidities

which is a little bit more conducive for disease.

But there still may be a problem of not having the inoculum.

>>> At this stage, what kind of advice do you have

for producers between now and harvest, in terms of scouting

and other production advice.

>>> Well, certainly keep an eye on the weather.

All growers will do that for sure.

We start getting more and more rains, hopefully we will

because that will really perk the wheat up,

and then of course when you have those kinds of conditions

that'll be more favorable for the foliar diseases.

So watch for that.

Scout for aphids, because there are some of those around,

and of course the aphids transmit barley yellow dwarf virus,

and be aware of that and watchful of that.

Watch for the reports from Texas.

I send out a wheat disease update about every week,

sometimes every 10 days.

That gets posted on David Marburger's post, blog,

and so on and so forth.

Just be aware of what's going on and listening

for reports of foliar diseases.

>>> And is there a time during this process,

if there are some things discovered in the scouting,

to engage with the county extension office

to get some guidance on that?

>>> Oh sure, especially the viruses, because wheat streak

could show up.

We never know for sure how heavy the mite population was,

the wheat curl mites were in the fall.

And the symptoms of that virus don't start showing up

until you'd get consistently into the 80's.

So that may show up, and it would be good to know

if you have that going on in your field.

So watch for any kind of symptoms, and get with the

county educators and they will be glad to diagnose

samples that are sent in.

>>> Okay, thanks a lot Bob.

And for more information on wheat diseases and viruses,

just go to

(optimistic music)


Limit feeding

>>> Recently a lot of the state saw rain, but it's still

pretty dry throughout Oklahoma.

We're talking with our Extension Beef Cattle Specialist,

Dave Lalman about how producers can get through

some of these drier conditions.

Dave, walk me through a little bit about what you guys

are doing here, and how producers can get through

some of these drier conditions.

>>> This is a project with lactating cows, fall-calving cows.

We've wintered them in the dry lot here.

Our objective in this project is to measure maintenance

energy requirements, study feed requirements, and so on.

However, it's a management strategy that is an opportunity

for some people to keep cows around

on more of a concentrate-type diet,

which we can talk about, and really stretch

their hay supply if they're still in, say,

a drought area, it's dryer, they're running short

on hay supply.

>>> So talk a little bit about how producers

can take advantage of these management practices.

Why is it an option?

>>> Well, one reason why it's a nice opportunity this year

is because the grain prices are still

relatively inexpensive.

We have, in this ration, we probably have our costs

right under $200 per ton.

And we can keep the cow in these pens

with their calf beside for somewhere

in the neighborhood of $1.20 a day.

And so it's not inexpensive,

but it's not over the top either

in terms of maintenance.

When hay is short it gets expensive as well.

So this ration that we're feeding is about

32% hay, has 31% dry distillers grains,

about 23% cracked corn

and then there's a liquid molasses supplement in it.

And then there's a little bit of a dry supplement in it.

So that's the diet that we're feeding,

and these cows, these lactating cows are getting

about 19 to 20 pounds of that dry ration per day.

And the calves are consuming somewhere around

four or five pounds.

The calves are gaining about two pounds a day,

so this seems to be working very well.

>>> Like you said, you're practicing on these cows out here.

Talk a little bit about some of the principles

that producers need to think about

when they're implementing this practice.

>>> Well, if you're going to put a cow on a dry lot

and feed a diet that's more concentrate

and less roughage, you have to be careful.

You have to have good management.

So we've got 32% hay in this ration,

well you have to have some hay in the diet

to keep the rumen healthy and keep the cow from bloating

and foundering and so on.

You have to feed the cattle every day.

And preferably you'd feed them the same time every day.

So you have to be very consistent from that standpoint.

We have a lot of producers like to feed range cubes

three times a week for example,

that won't work in a situation like this.

It just requires more intensive management.

All in all, the performance of the cattle

says that it's doing pretty well

and if a lactating cow like this were receiving

all the hay she wanted to consume,

she'd probably feed in the neighborhood

of 30 pounds a day.

These cows are getting six pounds of hay every day.

And so we're really able to stretch that hay supply

much further by using this management strategy.

>>> Alright, thanks, Dave.

And for a link to a facts sheet about limit feeding,

go to our website,

(guitar music)


Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Although we're still in the midst of the

calving season for many cow/calf operations

it's not too long until the breeding season

for next year's calf crop will be upon us.

Preparing the bull battery for the upcoming

breeding season is very, very important

for the success that we want to get

a high percentage calf crop.

Many of us will be purchasing new young bulls

to bring home and improve the genetics in our herd.

It's important, I think, to make sure that those

young bulls are in the proper condition

as we go into the breeding season.

And that means that you may want to visit

with the purebred breeder that you bought the bull from

as to what his diet was at his place

and then start to match it when you bring him home

to your operation and if it's been a high grain diet,

you'll want to start to step that down.

Perhaps start out with about 2/3 of the amount

of grain that he was receiving at the purebred place.

Replace the rest of that with high grade quality hay

and then gradually about 10% a week

remove the grain from the diet

so that by the time he goes into the breeding season,

his rumen is used to taking on a high roughage diet.

We want to remember that these young bulls

are still growing, so his total diet needs to be

about 12% good protein.

That means that the hay that we're giving that bull

as he goes into that breeding season

needs to be a pretty high quality hay.

Check the feet and legs of all the bulls

in your bull battery.

If we need to do some trimming, let's get that done.

At least about 30 days or so ahead of the breeding season.

All your local veterinarians, schedule that

so that that can be done in time

for that bull to heal up and to travel well

during the breeding season.

If we're going to use multi-sire pasture,

more than one bull in the same breeding pasture,

let's put those bulls together now,

so they get the social order figured out.

Let's find out who's king of the mountain

so they're not fighting at the beginning

of the breeding season, but they've got that all settled

before we turn them in with the cows.

If we're going to use both old bulls and young bulls

I would want to match those bulls together by age.

In other words, as we put them into the breeding season

put old bulls together and put young bulls together.

If we're going to rotate the bulls throughout

the course the breeding season

I'd highly suggest that we put the mature bulls in first.

Let them breed the majority of the cows

and then say the last third of

the breeding season, rotate them out

and bring out the new yearling bulls.

In that way, they've got fewer cows

that they need to service and they're a month or two older

by the time they go into the breeding season

and should be more sexually mature.

Keeping in mind a few of these pretty

simple management procedures.

I think you'd go a long ways to improving pregnancy rates

in your herd this spring.

Hey, we look forward to visiting

with you next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(country theme music)


Livestock Marketing

>>> Derrell Peel, our livestock marketing specialist

joins us now.

And Derrell, as we head toward the end of March

the big question.

Are we seeing seasonal peaks in the cattle markets?

>>> Well, you know we've certainly seen

these markets pull back a little bit lately

and part of that is definitely seasonal, I think.

Light weight calves normally peak

about this time of the year.

So it's consistent with that.

We've seen a fairly seasonal move up

through the first quarter.

Fed cattle prices also typically peak

about this time of the year.

So there's a seasonal component to this.

But there may be other things as well.

>>> What other factors that you mentioned

are you keeping an eye on?

>>> Well, I think the markets are looking beyond

just seasonal patterns a little bit right now.

Of course, we're still in a situation

where we know supplies gonna grow.

So the market's concerned about that.

We'll be seeing peaks in cattle slaughter

as we move into May, June time period.

The futures in particular have pulled back.

And again, I think partly reflecting that seasonal pattern

but reflecting more than that.

We've had awful good support in the futures market.

Long positions in those markets

and some of those are just pulling out now.

I think beyond that there's a backdrop here

of just continued concern about trade situation.

Trade policy.

A lot of uncertainty about that

and it is having an impact on the market

so that's a factor as well.

>>> Well let's talk about the drought now

and how that fits into the picture

in some of the things that you've just mentioned.

>>> Well you know certainly we have

a continuing drought situation

in the West in particular and we've

got lots of time to fix it yet.

But if we don't, then it's gonna be a very big issue.

From a market standpoint, I really don't think

this is going to be a big impact.

At least not right away.

Even though the drought area right now is pretty big

it's also country that doesn't carry as many cattle

and so even if we see some liquidation,

and that's a ways down the road

before we would get into that.

I don't think that it'll probably have

a general impacts on the market

but it's certainly gonna be a big impact

for those producers that are affected.

>>> And that planning is so important

like we've talked about before.

>>> Absolutely.

>>> Now you've been traveling.

You're back from Mexico.

Give us an idea of the conditions and situation there.

>>> Did spend a little bit of time

in northern Mexico recently.

And you know, the drought that we're talking about

in the Southwest U.S. continues down

through the western part of Mexico.

And now it's the dry season in Mexico.

They have a very pronounced monsoonal weather pattern.

And so they normally are dry this time of the year.

But the drought conditions there go beyond that.

So they're certainly watching it as well.

They won't be expecting rains, for example in Chihuahua.

The won't be expecting summer rains to start

until we get into probably July.

So they're kind of used to this in some sense

but also keeping an eye on it in terms

of whether this drought goes beyond

sort of normal conditions.

>>> Okay.

Well keep us posted, Derrell.

We'll see you again soon.

Thanks a lot.

(country theme music)


Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet Weather Report.

The signs of spring are popping out all over the place.

With Easter ahead, the official start of spring behind us

and storms in the forecast, it's time

to check our water year rainfall.

Oklahoma's water year begins October first.

Bright orange areas in Western Oklahoma and the Panhandle

have had 40 percent or less of

their normal rainfall since October first.

The light orange area's where it's 60 percent or less.

Rainfall in the yellow areas were 80 percent or less.

The light green areas were less than 100 percent

of normal rainfall.

And the true green areas were above 100 percent.

Our rain from last weekend was widespread across the state.

Amounts varied from a single hundredth of an inch

around Oklahoma City to 92 hundredths

along the Oklahoma-Kansas border.

The green areas indicate places

with more than an inch of rain based on radar estimates.

The Keetch-Byram Drought Index shows the extreme

lack of rain around Buffalo as bright red.

On a scale that is dryest at 800, Buffalo was at 661.

The drought ratings were reflected in the active burn bands

as of March 19th, the red counties

were under a governor's burn band,

the yellow counties had active county burn bans.

The plant available water from the surface

down to 16 inches was extremely high

in the eastern parts of the state, in western Oklahoma,

the light brown areas were the driest,

with soil moisture below 20% of plant available water.

In the soil profile from the surface down to 32 inches,

the dark green eastern areas had excellent

soil moisture levels, in the west there was a mix

of dry levels, Mesonet soil moisture sensors

are under dormant vegetation

that is just starting to green up.

Heat units continue to build on a map of Alfalfa Weevil

heat units, all areas in the state were above 150,

that's the recommended heat unit level

to begin scouting for Alfalfa Weevils.

Looking ahead to April, Oklahoma has equal chances

of above or below average rainfall,

that leaves us with no strong trend for precipitation.

April's temperatures have a slightly higher chance

to be above normal, chances for above average temperatures

increases slowly to the south.

We hope you see some good rains and no damaging weather

in the days ahead, thanks for joining us

for this edition of the Mesonet Weather Report.

(bright music)


Market Monitor

>>> In the recent weeks, we've been talking about

five dollar wheat, and Kim, where did it come from

and more importantly, where did it go?

>>> I think it came from the droughts,

you go back into December, January,

the drought starting building up,

built it all the way up into March,

the market saw yields going down

for Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, so they bid up the price

also I really think that with the drought,

that yield per acre declined, I think the market

feels that the lower the yield,

probably the better the protein

and maybe even the test weight's gonna be,

so that's what built it up, now of what caused it?

We got some rain over the hard red winter wheat area,

not enough I don't think, but we got enough

to take about 50 cents off that five dollar price.

>>> So rain makes grain but rain also makes

lower wheat prices, do you think

we'll ever see five dollar wheat again?

>>> Oh I think we'll see five dollar wheat again

because I think that the market is hungry

for a good quality milling wheat,

I think as we get into the harvest

in late May and June, that if we've got protein

in that wheat, if we've got test weight in that wheat

and it's got good milling characteristics,

I think the market's gonna want to buy it early

but I think we got a chance here,

we'll have a quality product for five dollar pressed wheat.

>>> The world wheat crop, how can we compete with that?

>>> Well, you've got the short crop coming up here,

you've got a shortage of milling quality wheat

around the world, you can find it in Ukraine and Russia,

you look at the Black Sea, late December

it was $192 a metric ton, that's about $5.23 a bushel

in mid-March, they sold it for $217 a metric ton,

that was about $5.91 so you saw a $0.68

world price increase over that period.

>>> Now let's just dive into the funds,

where does our wheat compare to there?

>>> Well if you look at the funds,

especially the KC contracts,

you can go back to late January,

they were short 88 million bushels

of hard red winter wheat, by early March

they were long 97 million bushels,

that's 185 million bushels to manage funds

bought from late January to early March.

I don't think you can buy that much wheat

with having a positive impact on prices.

>>> Okay, thank you much, Kim Anderson,

great marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)


Vet Script

>>> Well if you're like me and you have a few animals around

like these sheep, you're bound and determined

at some point and time to have an orphan.

For me this year we've had a little bad luck,

we've lost a day and we've had one with mastitis

and we've had some that just abandoned

and on occasion you have a ewe that has

too many babies to take care of, so that leaves

you with a dilemma, what are you gonna do

with these little guys?

The most important thing that we have to do

to start is make sure these guys get colostrum,

so you're either gonna have to find another ewe

that has lambed at the same time and try to steal

a little bit from her, or if you were thinking ahead,

if you had a ewe that just had a single

and you milk some out and froze it,

now's the time to use that.

As a last resort, you can use a replacer,

but be sure and use a colostrum replacer,

not a supplement, because the supplements will not

have enough immunoglobulins to do you any good.

Once you've done that, you want to remember also

to dip that navel so you don't have to deal with any

infections later on.

Now at this time you're going to have to select

a milk replacer.

Be sure and select a milk replacer that's species-specific.

So if you're going to have sheep, you want to get

a sheep replacer.

If you've got goats, get a kid replacer.

If you've got cattle, you'll want to get a calf replacer.

Those milk replacers are going to meet the requirements

that those little babies need, so a calf replacer's

not going to meet the needs of a lamb.

It's not going to be high enough in protein or fat.

So do your homework before you pick one.

Next, you're going to have to decide how

we're going to feed these guys.

Are we going to feed them by a bottle,

are we going to set up some type of self-feeder?

If you've got several, or you've got a large herd,

you may actually want to get an automatic feeder

for these guys.

Initially, like in our case, we choose to bottle feed.

We're going to have to feed several times

in those first few days.

We want to give about 10% of their bodyweight.

We're going to give four or five feedings

in a 24 hour period.

After a few days we try to get to three times a day.

Once we get to about two weeks, we're going to try

to get them to be taking a bottle two times per day.

The other thing you want to start doing at that time

is you'll want to start getting these guys on a feed.

Pick you a good, high-quality feed,

start getting them to eat some of that.

If you have any more questions about how to raise

orphan babies, I'll put some information on the website


(optimistic music)


Woodard Workshop

>>> Finally today, the Oklahoma 4-Her who received

major recognition this week for her work in agriculture.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair takes us to Pittsburg County.

>>> [Kurtis] At Frink Chambers School in Pittsburg County,

4-Hers are taking a break from their tedious routines

to get a special lecture from an important person

in their 4-H club.

>>> [Serena] As he said, my name is Serena,

and I am your county president.

>>> [Kurtis] This isn't a lecture on 4-H business,

or updates on what's going on in the county,

it's a class Serena Woodard created to teach kids

about the subject she loves.

>>> I have a service project called Woodard's Workshops.

I like to teach kids of all ages about agriculture.

>>> [Kurtis] Today this lesson is about beekeeping,

but her classes cover everything from hydroponics to goats.

She started the project in the sixth grade,

and it's grown a lot.

>>> Awesome, that was spot-on.

I have taught Woodard's Workshops in currently

38 counties to over 40,000 youth.

I teach majority of it here in the southeast district.

I teach at community centers, libraries, and also 4-H clubs.

>>> [Kurtis] After a short lesson, Serena's pupils do crafts

on what they've learned.

Then they enter these creatures into their county fair.

>>> My favorite thing about my workshops is definitely

working with the kids.

I love seeing the growth of them.

I go from the first day when not a lot of kids know

little to nothing about agriculture,

to my last workshop.

Some of them it leads to a potential career path.

>>> As a teacher, Serena is quite like a leader

because she's always fun to really be around.

She's super kind.

She's a very positive role model because whenever I

get older I want to be quite a bit like her.

I plan on hopefully winning award like hers,

and just really want to help kids better themselves.

>>> [Kurtis] Like Emily said, Serena recently won an award

for the outstanding work Woodard's Workshop does.

It's not a small honor.

On March 20th Serena accepted the National 4-H Youth

In Action Agriculture Pillar Award,

the third Pittsburg County 4-Her awarded at this level.

Although surprised and elated about the award,

the day she would accept it caught her off guard.

Her life forever changed on the 20th of March of last year.

>>> [Serena] March 20th of 2017 is actually when we

lost our house to a fire.

>>> They don't train you for that, excuse me,

that phone call.

That's not in the training repertoire that they have

for an extension agent.

>>> [Kurtis] Pittsburg County 4-H Educator, Greg Owen,

was one of the first people Serena called.

>>> She was obviously very upset.

The main thing she was telling me in the conversation

is everything that she had lost.

Everything from her 4-H official dress

to basically all of her 4-H memories.

>>> Everything in the fire was completely demolished.

The only thing we found from my bedroom

is a belt buckle I won in 2015 for being my county's

outstanding teen volunteer.

>>> [Kurtis] For Serena's mother, Kathy,

it's still hard to comprehend.

You don't realize what all you've lost.

We still look back now.

If we need something, I'll be like, oh yeah,

that's on top of the refrigerator.

But it's not because even your refrigerator's gone.

I don't want to do this.

>>> I mean, I know it hits her hard,

and just to see her still moving forward

and still doing everything she can after the fire,

still focusing, still putting my sister and I first,

that shows how selfless my parents are.

And that's really the real reason

that I've been so successful.

>>> 4-H is Serena's world.

Whether it's her workshops or mentoring others,

she gives everything she can to the program.

After this tragedy, it was time for 4-H to give back.

>>> I've never been more proud to be an extension agent,

a 4-H agent, not only of this county,

but of this entire state.

Because literally the entire state came to bat for her.

With feed for their animals, and more supplies than

the Woodards needed, the 4-H family helped them along.

Even upgrading the only thing left standing in the fire:

that belt buckle.

>>> My county educators made a new belt buckle for me

that is not exactly like the old one.

And why it means so much to me is because

it looks different that everybody else's,

and on the outline it's black.

So it kind of reminds me that I came out of the ashes.

>>> [Kurtis] Serena and her family are pushing forward.

They have plans to rebuild their home on top of the rubble

of the old one, and Serena was elected to district office

and plans to run for state officer.

Always moving, and always disciplined,

like any good teacher.

In Pittsburg County, I'm Kurtis Hair.


>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember, you can find us any time on our website,

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.


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