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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for March 11, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Oklahoma wheat update
  • Important information on your cotton
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Time to check your N-Rich strip
  • Market Monitor
  • Shop Stop
  • Stretching for…

 

(lively guitar strumming)

 

Oklahoma wheat update

>>> Hello, everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We begin today with an update on Oklahoma's wheat crop,

and a mixed bag of management options,

depending on where and how much it's rained.

Here's our Extension Small Grain specialist,

David Marburger.

>>> So we have finally gotten this rain

in a number of parts of the state.

And, unfortunately, out towards the Woodward area,

out in the panhandle, they still haven't

seen rain for months now.

So that is setting some different scenarios

with our wheat crop here in different parts of the state.

>>> Talk a little bit about those scenarios

and some of the challenges in different

situations for producers now.

>>> So kind of the first scenario

would be one where we were able to get

the crop to germinate and maybe get a good stand, overall,

and what do we do from here on.

Well, we've gotten some rain now,

and that's perking things back up.

So now it's kind of, in a lot of cases in that scenario

to kind of go along with what we're normally

doing in terms of our management.

Now, the second scenario and probably what most people

have questions on right now is

we had maybe some part of our field germinated last fall

and we were able to get plants to establish

and parts of the other field did not,

or was planted so late and it was dusted in

it's just not had any rain since.

And now with these rains here recently,

we're getting that crop to finally germinate,

and that's going to be what a lot of

people are thinking about.

>>> And then for the folks who really haven't gotten any rain?

>>> In that case, it's still kind of like

where we were when we last met.

It's still going to be kind of what to do.

There's still a little bit of time yet

for those folks out there before

we really start greening up and getting going.

Hopefully we can get a rain for those folks,

but if we don't get that rain and we start greening up,

that crop's going to really work backwards

really quickly as it's going to be wanting,

demanding, a lot of nutrients and water,

things that might not be there for

the crop when it wants it.

>>> Let's dive into that scenario two a little bit more,

in terms of some of the germination questions

that people might have.

Can they still make a crop?

>>> That's a very good question.

So, one, for the seed that's just germinating now,

the question is will it go on?

Will it even make a head?

So the good new is we just need that seed to germinate.

And we can start the clock in terms of vernalization,

or that cold period that that seed,

that seedling needs to go through to get

switched from vegetative growth to reproductive growth.

A kind of a rule of thumb,

if we can get three weeks, 21 days,

of where we're at temperatures at 45 degrees or below,

for most of the varieties that

we're going to plant in Oklahoma,

will satisfy that vernalization requirement.

If we start getting less time,

that's where we could start running into

vernalization issues.

And if the plant does not meet,

we do not have enough cold period to meet that requirement,

the plant's going to think like it's here in the fall,

and it's just going to grow vegetatively

and keep put on tillers but it'll never go reproductive.

>>> Couple other things to just visit

with you about this week.

Any, I guess first hollow stem?

We haven't seen you in a while.

Let's talk about where we are progressing there.

>>> We've got a couple updates right now

on our osuwheat.com on the blog

with our first hollow stem measurements

at Chickasha and here at Stillwater.

And we've got some varieties that are getting up

and they're getting going with stem elongation.

They've reached first hollow stem

and I suspect this week we'll continue

to see a number of varieties reach that stage

at both of our locations.

So that's on our non-grazed plots.

And you can tell right now with the rains that we had

and the little bit of sunshine,

and the little bit of heat now,

that's getting the plants and

waking them up out of dormancy and

they're starting to get up and start to really grow.

>>> Okay.

David, thanks a lot.

We'll see you again soon.

And for a link to the blog that David mentioned,

go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Important information on your cotton

>>> Now an update on cotton.

After some changes in how it's classified,

we learn more from Ag Economist, Eric DeVuyst.

>>> So, into the bipartisan budget act that was recently

passed, cotton is now a title one crop.

Meaning that it will be treated just like corn,

soybeans, sorghum, wheat, et cetera,

when it comes to the subsidy programs,

including ARC, Ag Risk Coverage,

and PLC, Price Loss Coverage.

So they're going to have to reallocate their generic acres.

Very similar to the 2014 farm bill

where they had an opportunity to update

base acres, they're going to have an opportunity

to do that or they can choose to transfer

80% of their generic base or the higher

of their average from 2009-2012

cotton acres and convert those to a seed cotton base.

Or they can reallocate just like we did in the 2014

bill based on the crops they grew through 2009-2014

and so we're going to do an average of those.

But, the PLC for cotton is so much higher than

for corn, sorghum, wheat, soybeans

that they probably don't want to do that second choice

unless they were growing peanuts during those years.

If they were growing peanuts, the PLC

for peanuts is very, very good.

So, if they can add peanut base acres, they should.

So, we're supposed to get a new farm bill in 2019,

we have no idea what will happen as part of

that negotiation process, but as for now, the 2018

production year, it looks pretty good for subsidies.

Now, the important thing to remember, though, is

the subsidy is not tied to your level of production

for 2018, it's based on those historical acres.

And so, it'll be tied to that weighted average of

cottonseed price and cotton lint price for the PLC.

Well you just want to keep in touch,

keep an eye with your local FSA office when those rules

come out, we'll be back up here on SUNUP when those rules

come out, when those deadlines are out, so keep

an eye open for those.

The latest is that Washington

probably won't have information to the state

offices until April sometime.

(upbeat music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Well here we are in March, and the wheat is starting

to green up because of a recent rain,

and Derrell, will we see cattle going on that wheat soon?

>>> Well, we try to graze cattle in through the winter

and this is about the time of year we get into

first hallostem, we're pulling cattle off.

We've changed the timing a lot this year

because it's been so disappointing.

Wheat was, we never had as much

wheat pasture this winter, wheat was either

planted late or germinated late, or it started

growing and then quit, so for all those reasons,

we've already moved a lot of the cattle off of wheat.

The first six full weeks of this year,

auction runs in Oklahoma were up significantly.

But in the last two weeks, as we're getting into

the time when we typically see those runs of cattle

coming off of wheat, actually the action volume has

been sharply lower, so I think we've already moved

a lot of those cattle this year.

We won't see the normal wheat pasture run

that we often get in March.

>>> Now that's stocker cattle, let's move on into

feeder markets, what are we seeing?

>>> Well, feed lots filled up a lot over the winter.

If you go back to October, November last year,

a lot of those lighter weight cattle went into

feed lots because they really didn't have a home

in winter pasture, so feed lots are fairly full,

and so as you think about it, even on January 1,

we measured a slightly smaller feeder supply.

Some folks were saying well that's going to help markets

and certainly it does help that we've already moved

a lot of those cattle as we just said.

But, at the same time, feed lots are fairly full so

they're not necessarily chasing as many cattle right now.

So the overall balance hasn't changed a great deal,

I don't think, feeder markets are following

pretty much a seasonal pattern right now.

The lightweight calves are actually moving

towards a March peak at this point.

The heavyweight feeders actually bought them

in February and start moving back up

towards a summertime peak.

>>> What do you have, advice wise, for those cattle

producers that just bought 40 round bales

and are thinking about continuing the herd

through a potential dry season?

>>> Well, I think that's the thing right now

is producers need to start now before they're

completely out of feed and think about how

you're going to stretch that, what's realistic

about how much you can stretch that,

and sort of set up a timeline of what

you can do and then when you're going to have

to make decisions to do something different,

and of course, if we start getting rain,

then all of that goes away, but it's really

important to make some plans now,

before we get into that so that you kind of have

a game plan in mind in case we just see a delayed

spring or no spring at all.

>>> Okay well thank you very much Derrell.

Derrell Peel, Livestock Marketing Specialist here

at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> We've talked many times before about the importance

of body condition of these beef cows at calving time

and nothing about that has changed.

But as we're in the midst of the spring calving season,

I think it's important to think about the body condition

change that can occur after calving

and before the upcoming breeding season

because that can have perhaps a little more subtle effect

on the upcoming success of that breeding season.

Research here at Oklahoma State University

back in the 80s, took a look at what affect

losing about a body condition score

would do to the rebreeding percentage

on a set of commercial beef cows.

What they did, they fed the cows to where

all of them were a midpoint five at calving time.

And that's a real adequate goal for cows

to be at the point of calving.

After calving, half of the cows were lowered

in their amount of energy and protein

that they were received to where they lost

nearly one body condition score

between the time of calving

and the start of the breeding season.

The two sets of cows then were given

the chance to be put back together

for the rest of the summer,

and then pregnancy checked the following fall.

The cows that were allowed to maintain their body condition,

were fed well enough to keep that body condition

after calving into the breeding season

rebred at a very admirable 94% rate.

Those that were allowed to lose a body condition score

between calving and the breeding season

was 21% lower at 73%.

So, we're entering that time of year

where we need to keep this data in mind.

It's a time when the warm season grasses are still dormant,

they're very low in quality and won't supply

the energy and the protein that the cows need

to maintain body condition while they're lactating

and taking care of that baby cow.

So it's upon us, as cow managers,

to make sure that we perhaps

bring out some extra high energy cubes,

or some real good quality hay

in addition to some, perhaps some high protein cubes

to make sure that these cows continue to maintain

that body condition between now and the start

of the breeding season.

Let's keep this data in mind as we go through

this calving season and into that time frame

when we're going to turn the bulls out in May

to make sure these cows maintain body conditions

between now and the start of the breeding season

and we'll have a successful bred up

and a really, really good calf crop the following year.

Hope this is helpful to you and we certainly look forward

to visiting with you next time on the Cow-Calf Corner.

(happy country music)

 

Time to check your N-Rich strip

>>> We've actually got some rains across Oklahoma

and Brian, the wheat's starting to green up

and kinda show the nitrogen need.

>>> Yeah, ever since we had that rain,

we've really had some good growth in our wheat crop

wherever they got rain, and some good development.

And right now we're getting a lot of calls

about the N-rich strips showing up.

So, you know, this is a good opportunity to go over

how do we manage, how do we sense those N-rich strips?

Now, the first step when the N-rich strip shows up

is to go to your local county Extension office.

All the county Extension offices

have a hand-held GreenSeeker.

If they don't let me know and we can get them one.

So, that's not a problem.

But we go and get that GreenSeeker

and we go out to the fields.

And we want to take readings over the N-rich strip

that green strip in the field,

write those numbers down on a note pad

take any notes in your iphone, somewhere.

Write those numbers down from the N-rich strip

and then right next to the strip, not 10 or 15 foot away,

take another pass with that GreenSeeker

and write down those number for the farmer practice.

Now we want to walk as long through

the N-rich strip as we can.

So if the N-rich strip is 100 foot,

let's walk the whole area, avoiding bad spots.

If there's a dead spot or a wet spot,

let's avoid that and get that averages.

Once we have those numbers, then we can go back on

to either the online calculator or the app.

So we have an iOS app and we have the online calculator.

>>> One of the advantages to where we're at right now

in this 47 mile an hour wind.

We're at the Perkin Station and the Mesonet site

is just right over the hill over there

and we're, and we're next to

ah, I can't even speak

next to a green spot in the field

kinda walk us through what we should do here.

>>> So, these are actually N-rich strips

that we put out for research study

and you get your GreenSeeker from the county office,

unless you already have one, and you'd walk in the strip.

And, so, you want to hold it about waist high,

so you want to be about three foot high,

and you want it to be level

and when you pull the trigger you don't release.

So you want to pull the trigger and hold on to it

and keep it out in front of you level

and you want to be in front of you because

if you pull it in to your side, if you pull it in right here

you're going to sense your jeans and your boots.

So, you need it out in front of you.

You can hold it to the side like this,

it doesn't have to go forward.

It could go any direction and sense just fine.

You hold on to the button until you're done with your length

It will calculate the average

and it will show the average for about two seconds.

So you need to make sure you get something

to write that number down with.

And save it, and then just walk right back.

If you have a really long N-rich strip,

if it's field length, you can take a point here,

get an average and write it down and take another point.

Now the sensor will, if you hold it this high

you'll be looking at an area about

two foot by two foot around.

>>> [Man] Okay

>>> And so that's the footprint it's looking at.

So that why you want to make sure if you're here

you're gonna be kicking into it

and it's gonna see your jeans or your shoes or your boots.

So hold out in front and take that number

and put it into the calculator.

>>> Would it be worth doing it on just

the regular field too or just the N-rich strip?

>>> Okay, so that's a great point.

So you have to have the N-rich strip value,

and so I say you walk out from the truck

you can get your N-rich strip.

On your way back you have to have

the off N-rich strip or the farmer practice.

So you'd make a trip out, get a number

and on your way back to your truck or ATV or whatever,

you can get your second number for the calculator.

>>> What do you do with those numbers after you put them

in the system and get the recommendations?

>>> So once you've put it in the system, hit go,

it'll give you nitrogen rate recommendation,

it'll give you to the pound.

And so from that point on, if you apply your own,

you can go purchase the product and put it out

or you call in your co-op

or whoever your custom applicator is and have them apply.

>>> Well thank you very much, Brian,

and for more information on sensing your crops

visit our website SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU

(happy country music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist, is here now.

And, Kim, we've seen some good rallies

in the grain markets recently.

What's the market news?

>>> Well, you look at wheat crop conditions,

this weekly report showed improvements in

Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas.

'Course just a slight improvement, not very much.

I think the big news is if you look at

the Russian wheat price,

a good measure of that's into Egypt.

You go back to early January and it's $193 a ton.

That's about $5.25 a bushel that's loaded on a vessel

in the Black Sea ports.

This last week they sold to Egypt

for $214 a ton, that's about $5.80.

So you got about a 55 cent price increase there.

You look at the Russian and Ukraine

crop projections for 2018, probably down about 2%,

not much but slightly lower.

Ukraine does have higher planted acres

but yields are expected to be down.

French wheat conditions are the lowest

in the last four years,

so there could be some problems there.

'Course French wheat is soft red winter wheat,

rather than hard red.

And the Australian wheat conditions

are greatly improved over last year.

'Course they had a disaster in last year's crop,

so they should get back closer to normal.

And then if you look at the Canadian and spring wheat,

planted acres, expectations,

expected to be more acres planted in those areas.

You'd expect that with these higher wheat prices

and a shortage of protein.

>>> Let's talk about changes in the managed fund positions

in the futures markets,

and how that may have impacted prices.

>>> That's really interesting, especially in corn and beans,

you look at corn, you go back a couple weeks,

they were short 240,000 contracts.

They bought 340,000 contracts over the last three weeks.

They're about 100,000 long now.

But we only picked up 38-40 cents out of that.

You look at soybeans, the funds have bought

around 300,000 contracts.

It went from 100,000 short to about 200,000 long,

and we picked up 40-45 cents there.

Not much change in the wheat,

especially hard red winter wheat.

The funds are about, oh,

nine or ten thousand long in hard wheat,

and short in soft wheat, but not much changes there.

>>> And what's the market offering

for harvest delivered wheat then?

>>> If you look at harvest delivered wheat,

about a 50 under basis there

that you'll like contract around $5.50,

so $5 wheat for forward contract for harvest delivery.

You look at corn, 55 under the November corn contract,

that contract's at about $4.05 now, so that gives you $3.55,

and about the same for sorghum, maybe slightly lower,

slightly higher, depending on location.

The soybean forward contract basis is a minus 90 cents.

That contract's around $10.40, so what'll that get you,

around $9.50 for soybeans.

>>> A little bit of optimism, we'll take it.

>>> You bet.

>>> Okay, Kim, thanks a lot. We'll see you soon.

(country music)

 

Shop Stop

>>> Hi, welcome to Shop Stop.

We wanna spend a little bit of time talking

about AC tools, and polarity.

>>> Okay, what is polarity?

You've got a plug and it's got two prongs, for example,

and you've got a plug that's got three prongs, for example,

and the polarity is determined by which one is the neutral

and which one is the hot.

>>> So you want to make sure that when you're

plugging stuff in that with your plugs

is they match like this, that it'll only

go into the outlet in one way.

>>> Correct, 'cause one of these spades

is wider than the other one and if you go to your recept,

well, one of the slots is larger than the other slot,

and that will only let it go in one way

and this larger slot is your neutral.

>>> And so the important thing to remember is

when you're working on stuff,

that we're always going to switch the hot line off,

not the neutral.

>>> Right, so let's say that this cord got damaged

and was cut right here, and the plug was gone,

how could we determine whether or not this was

which was neutral and which was hot on this?

If you look at the cord, it has ribs on one side

and smooth on the other, that would determine

that the ribbed side is the neutral side,

and the non-ribbed side, the smooth side,

is what we'd call a hot side.

So then you could reattach a new plug to it.

>>> Yeah, so these are set like that

if you've got the plug with the ground on it,

then it's only going to go into the outlet one way,

and the ground plug is going to dictate which one

goes into the neutral slot.

>>> So you've got three prongs and two prongs

and you'll notice on some of your power tools

they'll have a three prong or two prong

and the two prongs can only go on what we call a

double-insulated tool.

And the double-insulated tool is signified

by that double square right there.

If your tool has that, that means it's double insulated.

>>> There's a few tips on polarity and how tools are wired.

We'll see you next week on Shop Stop.

(rhythmic guitar music)

 

Stretching for…

>>> Finally today, a look back at a SUNUP favorite

about a 4-H enrichment program that gives young people

the opportunity to clear their minds.

SUNUP's Curtis Hare takes us to Blaine County to learn more.

>>> [Woman] Come on in!

(chuckles)

Okay, grab your mat.

>>> [Curtis] This isn't the PE class you remember

from your elementary days.

Sure, there's stretching and a little bit of sweating,

but this is definitely something for the 21st century.

At Watonga Elementary, fourth and fifth-grade students

are trading in jump ropes and jogging

for mats and meditation.

>>> [Woman] Okay, another deep breath in, and then out.

Oh, they really enjoy it.

Actually, I've heard different comments about

"Oh, it's yoga day,"

they're excited when they get up in the morning

and they're glad to come to school and do yoga.

>>> [Curtis] Since 2015, county extension director

Joy Rhodes has taught yoga in the county schools.

>>> Okay, relax your hands.

>>> [Curtis] The guru of Blaine County

integrated the mind, body, and soul method

after learning about the 4-H Yoga for Kids program.

>>> I had never done yoga before.

I'd heard of it, but never really had an interest.

I had done other things, and so when they offered it,

I said "Well, I'll just try it."

I've seen a difference in myself.

When I do yoga I'm more flexible, my feet don't hurt,

my back doesn't hurt as bad.

>>> [Curtis] For the kids, the benefits of yoga

were a little surprising.

>>> It helps me concentrate on my schoolwork in school.

>>> [Curtis] So it's relaxing.

>>> [Kids] Yeah.

>>> It takes all the stress and pain.

>>> [Joy] The deep breathing and learning to block out

external things especially when it comes time for testing,

because some kids have test anxiety,

and so teaching them to deep breathe

and let your troubles go and be able to concentrate

on what you need to concentrate at the moment.

>>> [Class] Namaste.

>>> [Curtis] Is it a lot better than running laps?

>>> [Kids] Yes.

>>> [Curtis] Joy will teach about eight sessions

for the year in Watonga.

As a fourth-grade class filters in the room

and gets warmed up for their session,

I decide I want to join in and relax my mind for a bit.

Being a natural athlete, and all,

I figure I can take to this yoga thing like a duck to water.

(breaths loudly)

Does it feel like it's like 105 degrees in here?

(girl laughs)

This is not easy.

Luckily, 4-H'er Reese Coleman is here to help me along.

Like this?

>>> Yeah.

>>> How's my form?

>>> It's good.

>>> What's your most favorite thing about yoga?

>>> That it helps me when I do tests and it calms me down.

>>> Do tests stress you out?

>>> Sometimes, yeah.

>>> Why?

>>> Because when they're hard and I can't figure it out,

then I kind of just breathe and it helps me.

>>> [Class] Namaste.

>>> Alright, one to ten, guys, how did I do?

(kids yelling)

A solid six.

What do you think, Reese, what would you give me?

>>> I'd give you a seven.

>>> Seven! I'll take seven.

>>> And this is actually an exercise that you can continue on

through adulthood, at all ages, depending on,

you can tailor it to your needs, especially as you age.

(laughs)

It's not just for young kids.

>>> While I'm leaving sweaty and sore,

the fourth and fifth-grade students at Watonga Elementary

are headed back to class, refreshed and ready to take on

the rest of the day.

And Joy says she plans to keep yoga in her county

for the foreseeable future.

In Blaine County, I'm Curtis Hare.

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find is at any time at sunup@okstate.edu

and also follow us on Youtube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout. Have a great week everyone,

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(rhythmic guitar music)

 

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