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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for February 17, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • It's not too late to topdress
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Vet Scripts
  • What is aquaponics?

 

(upbeat acoustic music)

 

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

With the dry conditions,

producers are carefully weighing

the benefits of topdress this year.

SUNUP's Dave Deken caught up with our

extension nutrient management specialist, Brian Arnall.

 

It's not too late to topdress

>>> So it's not too late to topdress right now.

There's a lot of people who are worried

that it might be too late.

I know nobody's excited about it because it's dry,

and I'm not really excited about it because it's so dry,

so we don't have that soil moisture under it.

But if we talked about timing, at least, we're not too late.

At this point in the stage of wheat

does not use that much nitrogen

and it won't until we start getting rains.

But if we start getting rains around hollow stem

and jointing as it starts goin' forward,

we still have an opportunity to make a crop.

So what we gotta look at now is,

how do we wanna manage that nitrogen

if we don't have anything on?

There's two scenarios.

One, if you've got too much ground to cover by yourself,

if you still apply your own nitrogen,

but it takes a long time for you to get all your acres,

or if you have somebody else supply.

You know, a lot of the applicators out there

may take 30 to 40 days to cover all the acres

that they're responsible for.

So if that's the case for you,

you need to be making decisions about

what fields to apply because we really need to be pulling

the trigger right now on some of the fields at least.

So I'd look at fields that have the best stand,

the best potential at this point in time,

and also have the least amount on.

If you haven't gotten anything on some of your best fields,

let's go ahead and get something down.

Now sources are gonna matter.

And in my preference, there's not a

best case scenario because it's dry,

but there's some preferences.

And so if you're in a conventional till field,

much like McGruder that we're standing in right now

with not a lot of residue,

my preference is liquid streamed on.

So UAN, urea ammonium nitrate,

streamed on so that you get that liquid

onto the soil particle and held on.

My fear is with a dry fertilizer on conventional till,

is that while it's okay when there's

no soil moisture and no humidity,

if we don't get a rain,

and we just have some mist and dews,

we'll have more losses in the dry than we would the liquid.

Flip that, and while I would typically tell you

in a no-till scenario I'd much rather see

liquid than dry, I want to go dry right now.

As long as we don't have moisture in the residue itself,

we don't have moisture on the soil,

the hope would be to apply a prill.

That prill would shake its way down into the residue

and maybe shade it from some of the mist

and dews before, until we get a really good rain.

My fear on the liquid side is if

we do not have a rain in the near future.

What I'm talking the one to two week outlook

and we need a good rain.

If that UAN, that liquid, sets on wheat or stubble residue,

that dead, decaying residue, there's a much higher chance

that it will get tied up in the residue,

and not be available for the wheat crops.

So that's why I give leg up for urea

in the no-till a little bit right now,

and UAN in conventional till right now.

>>> Let's talk rates whenever applying the topdress.

>>> So of course if you have an N-rich strip out there,

that will give you the rate,

and that would be the best case scenario.

If you don't have an N-rich strip

and you can wait to apply your own nitrogen,

put them out right now in front of any rains.

'Cause we can delay application even after hollow stem

and make full return so that's rate.

Otherwise, let's look at it this way.

If we're looking at rate,

how much do you have in the system?

Make sure right now if you're applying right now

that you have enough to get a 30 to 40 bushel crop.

And if everything turns great

and we have great yield potential,

then you can get over the top of it again.

>>> [Dave] Right.

>>> If you've grazed, account for grazing.

That's gonna be 30 to 40 pounds

for every hundred weight of cattle removed

and I'd also point out in McGruder plots right now,

we have these strings to keep geese off.

>>> [Dave] Right.

>>> Geese are a big problem in wheat fields across the state.

Geese and crane.

I've seen wheat fields that had erode over,

so we have canopy coverage over the rows,

no cattle, but the geese have come in,

you have several thousand birds

for an extended period of time,

and it goes down and there's

barely finding the wheat anymore.

Geese can remove a significant

amount of wart forage off the field.

For every ton of forage removed from the field,

there's 40 pounds of nitrogen in that forage.

So if you've had geese come in on a field,

really strip it down, we should also be accounting for that.

>>> So when it comes to it,

it's not too late to do the topdress.

When is that kinda late period?

>>> When we start gettin' too late

is as we get closer to flag leaf.

We're okay, the crop can still

take it up if we're after hollow stem.

The closer you get to flag leaf,

the less likely that you can catch up if you're behind,

and the less that nitrogen is gonna go to grain.

So, if you have your own applicator,

we can wait for a rainfall, we can wait to make sure

we actually have some moisture in the tank,

the gas tank's full of moisture, be we apply it.

A couple weeks after hollow stem,

I would rather prefer everything be on,

but with our sprayers now, we can cover a lot of ground

with a sprayer after hollow stem with very little damage.

>>> In your opinion, it does make a difference

to put out something?

>>> Oh, absolutely it does make a difference

to put out something.

Right now, we want to get yield,

as much yield out of every acreage we can,

if we're looking at a low potential year yield,

and we also want to make sure that we get

a good quality out of it, and so,

quality is tied to nitrogen.

If we short nitrogen, we're going to short yield

and short protein.

>>> OK, thank you much Bryan, and for more information

about top dress, visit our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(country music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

We finally have rain chances in the forecast.

We're hoping these forecasted rains

will be enough to help us pull back from drought a little.

The fire risk returned this week

with 80 degree temperatures.

Wednesday afternoon at 4 p.m.,

12 Mesonet sites had reached the 80s.

Those higher temperatures combined

with wind to push western Oklahoma and the panhandle

into high fire danger conditions Wednesday at 3 p.m.

The orange and red areas.

The Burning Index provides a heads-up for firefighters

on fire risk development.

We're seeing changes in counties with active burn bans.

As of Wednesday, counties with new burn bans included

Lincoln, Pontotoc, and La Flore.

Counties that dropped burn bans since last week were

Payne, Sequoia, and Latimer.

The green line on wheat first hollow stem advisor maps

shows where it's time to check dual-purpose wheat.

This map is for early groom varieties as of February 13.

So much wheat is drought stressed, we hope you've had

some wheat good enough to graze.

That line leaps north for the projected heat units

through February 21st.

Here's Gary with more on our drought situation.

>>> Thanks Al, and good morning everyone.

Well, as Al mentioned, we do have rain in the forecast

and boy, do we need it.

Let's get right to the drought monitor map,

because it's not pretty.

As you can see, we now have extreme drought,

that's the dark red color, covering most of the western

half of Oklahoma, at least west of about highway 81,

out all the way to Cimmaron County in the

far-western Oklahoma panhandle.

Now, we do have a little bit of extreme drought

as well, that's the next to the worst category

on the drought monitor, only exceptional drought is worse,

and that's also located down to the

southeast of Oklahoma City.

The rest of the state is covered in severe to moderate

drought, those are the two lighter tan and brown colors.

So, the entire state is now engulfed in drought.

Not a good situation whatsoever.

Probably the worst drought coverage we've

seen in the state since Spring of 2013, maybe 2015.

But anyway, those aren't two months you really

want to be comparing yourself to.

Now the dryness goes back all the way to early October,

so if we look at the 120 day rainfall map,

we do miss a couple of weeks of that October period,

but at least from October 17 we see, still,

lots of goose eggs out there across western Oklahoma.

We do have some decent rainfall across far southeastern

Oklahoma, but as we move to the departure from

normal rainfall map from the Mesonet for that

same timeframe, we see that that is still woefully

below normal, from four to six inches in that area.

And in the panhandle, they are down from two to four inches.

So, everybody in the state is down anywhere from

two to sometimes more than six inches.

So, Al said it best, we have forecast for rain,

and we need those desperately.

We're going to be praying for those.

At this point, that's really all we got left

is to pray for that rain, and hope we get something

and alleviate these drought conditions.

That's it for this week, we'll see you next week

on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(country music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> There's been some movement in the wheat price,

and Kim it's been a positive one.

What's been happening?

>>> Well, you look over the last couple months

we've had an 80 cent price move in wheat prices.

You look at the forward contract price for

harvest for the 18 crop,

that's near the variable cost of production

for a lot of producers.

>>> There's been a lot of news about wheat

coming out of the Black Sea region.

Is this a permanent change?

>>> I think it is a permanent change.

And you know, there's been a lot of articles in the market

and the buzz going on is that Australia's lost

their eastern Asian market, the Indonesian market

to Russia and to the Ukraine.

The general consensus is, it's permanent.

Russia's production has increased from less than

2 billion bushels to 3.1 this last year.

They're putting all that out on export.

Their average cost of production

for a bushel of Russian wheat is $3.38 a bushel.

The Australian is $5.88.

Oklahoma, our average cost per bushel, is probably

somewhere between $4.50 to $5.50.

>>> Why is it so much cheaper for

those Black Sea countries to produce wheat?

>>> Well, if you look at where they are,

they're probably, their production areas,

equivalent to ours would be, Nebraska north.

They've got a good, deep soil.

They've got the moisture for it.

It's just set for good, quality wheat production.

They've now increased their,

they've improved their infrastructure.

They got the shipping, they got the equipment,

they got the seed.

In other words, they've moved the inputs in

and they moved the wheat out.

They're taking advantage of that.

>>> Let's go ahead and talk about the upcoming 2018 crop.

What do you see as far as harvested prices?

>>> Well, if you look at the harvested prices, wheat,

the market's offering right now $4.35 for forward contract.

Canola runs $6.50, Corn $3.35 along with Sorghum at $3.35.

Sesame, last report I saw, it was around $0.33,

and cotton, I haven't seen a forward contract on that,

but you can look at the futures, it's at $0.77.

So around $0.72 for cotton.

>>> All of those crops, how do they kind of pencil out

whenever producers are thinking about, you know,

jumping into those crops?

>>> Well, Trent Malochek at Enid put some budgets together

and he's got wheat at 35 bushels, $2.00.

Canola at 34 bushels is $5.00, corn at 80 bushels is $2.00.

Sorghum at 55 bushels an acre is $10.00.

Sesame at 650 pounds an acre is $4.00, and cotton

at 600 pounds is $85.00 an acre.

All positive, you notice, but most of them not very much.

>>> Well, I was going to say there is a margin

on each of those.

Of those, which one's your favorite crop?

>>> Well I don't know that I have a favorite.

I think that a producer needs to put a pencil.

The buzz is everybody's going to go into cotton.

We're talking another 100,000 acres, you know, just

everybody's going to go cotton.

I'd be leery of that.

Cotton is $423.00 an acre at variable cost investment.

Canola's $233, corn is $266, sorghum's $168.

I mean, you got a lot of risk in that cotton.

If you can raise it where the price is,

now you're going to make some money.

You got to raise it, cotton.

You need to know what you risk of production

for cotton is.

>>> Do you see the price of cotton fluctuating

before harvest time?

>>> I think it could go down.

If we get that many cotton acres, it's not just

going to be in Oklahoma.

They're going to be planting cotton

all the way around the world.

I mean, you get a profit in a crop

that's what's happened to wheat, corn,

and all these other crops where

you're barely making a profit, or you got a loss.

If there's a profit in it, the world increased

acreage and planted acres and took all the profit out of it.

And that's going to happen to cotton.

>>> Okay, thank you much Kim Anderson.

Great marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(lighthearted guitar)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Maybe it's just me and my advancing age,

or maybe it's the number of times I've heard the weatherman

talk about arctic frost or arctic cold blasts hitting

the state of Oklahoma this winter.

But it seems to be a bit cooler or colder

than recent winters that we've had.

Well, that brings about a question that we used

to receive nearly every winter.

And that was, what is the impact

of temperature on birth weights of baby calves?

It's hard to do that research, because it's very difficult,

of course, to have it be cold in one end of the pasture

while it's moderate in another end of the pasture

to make that comparison.

The next best thing was done

at the University of Nebraska's

North Platte experiment station back in the 90's,

where they compared birth weights

of calves born to about 400 two year old heifers.

This was done over a three year period of time.

And what they compared it to,

was the average temperature that was recorded

during the three months before calving began.

Basically, the three months

of December, January and February.

Most of their calves were coming in, in March and April.

They compared the high and the low temperature of each day,

during those three years.

They basically averaged those two numbers,

to get the average temperature for each individual day.

Well, to make a long story short,

what they found was that one of the years,

the average temperature, was 11 degrees higher,

than one of the other of the two years.

In the year that the average temperature was higher,

or warmer, the birth weights of the calves,

was 11 pounds lower, on the average.

This is perhaps the only data set that I know of,

that looks at the effect of cold on birth weights of calves.

Here at Oklahoma State University,

we have compared fall birth weights

with spring birth weights,

on a number of occasion.

Generally what we find is that the difference

is about five pounds, with the heavier calves

coming in the spring time,

after gestation taking place during cold weather.

In all of these cases, both at North Platte, Nebraska,

and here at Oklahoma State University,

they tried to make the genetics as similar as possible,

by using artificial insemination,

and using the same bulls to sire those calves.

I think what we learned from these two experiments,

is that, it looks like there is a difference,

based on ambient temperature,

average temperature going through the gestation period,

especially the last third of gestation,

having an effect on birth weight of calves.

If after this calving season,

and you do the checks on the birth weights of your calves,

and you find them just a little bit heavier

than you expected,

I'm not sure I would totally blame the genetics of the bull,

but rather the colder temperatures

that we seem to experience during this part

of the winter season, right before calving takes place.

Hope this gives you a little better understanding

of what can happen.

The effects of weather on birth weights of calves.

We certainly look forward to visiting with you again

next week on Sunup's Cow-Calf Corner.

(upbeat music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Derrell Peel, our Livestock Marketing Specialist

is here now.

Derrell, let's start off with how cattle markets

are looking so far this year.

>>> You know, we're lookin' pretty good so far this year.

We came out of twenty seventeen with some momentum,

some strength in these markets,

and by and large we're holding that pretty well,

in terms of fed cattle markets,

feeder cattle markets,

kind of across the board,

Boxed beef markets are holding pretty well.

We're off to a good start this year.

>>> With that in mind,

what are some of the major market factors

you're advising producers to keep an eye on moving forward?

>>> Well, I think the biggest factors that can affect

cattle markets, at least in terms of the shock,

would be things that would come from the outside.

One of the big ones, of course,

that we continue to watch, would be trade policy.

We still got a lot of uncertainty that's hanging over

the market a bit, about what's gonna happen with NAFTA.

More immediately, the drought conditions that we see

right now in the southern plains.

We really have to keep an eye on them going forward.

They could become a significant market impact,

and certainly could very much be a large management impact.

>>> In terms of management, what do you advise for producers,

for planning in the months ahead?

>>> Well, I think the key right now is to start some planning.

We've got lots of time to fix this thing,

if it should turn around and start raining.

We're really not trying to grow any forage

for another 60, 80 days, or a little bit longer.

But at the same time, you need to make plans now

about what happens if it doesn't.

The meteorological conditions

look like this is gonna persist for a while.

Even if it does turn around, going into summer,

it may cause us to miss out on some

of our early forage growth.

So we need to make those plans now.

Hopefully we won't need them.

Start thinking about what your resources are,

in terms of feed.

What kinds of alternatives you might have available to you,

if you need additional feed resources.

Ultimately you have to think about the contingency

for, perhaps, having to liquidate some animals,

if this thing stays severe enough, long enough.

>>> So the key then, is to really map out those contingency

plans?

>>> It really is.

You need to determine a couple things.

One is sort of what alternatives do you have available,

in terms of the resources available.

Alternatives for acquiring additional resources,

if you need them.

Perhaps, most importantly,

is if you get into a situation where something has to give,

figure out a timeline for when those decisions

have to be made.

I think, typically, producers get in the most trouble

in a drought, when they just delay, and delay,

and then you get to a point

where you really don't have any alternatives.

>>> Definitely.

Derrell, thanks a lot.

We'll see you again soon.

(gentle music)

 

Vet Scripts

>>> Mycoplasma is a very small organism

that sometimes infects poultry.

There's several different species of this organism.

They typically cause respiratory infections,

but occasionally you will see some joint infections

with this disease.

Now, this disease is transferred from one bird to the other

in one or two ways.

We have what we call horizontal transmission,

which is from bird to bird.

This is usually accomplished when one bird that is infected,

through its nasal secretions or ocular secretions,

contaminates another bird.

Another way that this can occur is in indirect transmission.

This occurs when an owner maybe contaminates himself

by going to some poultry auction

or some other poultry farm,

and then brings that organism back into his flock

by not practicing good biosecurity.

Typically you're gonna see clinical signs.

These animals are gonna be sneezing, coughing.

You may see some eye inflammation.

In turkeys, you may see some swollen heads,

because they have sinus infections.

You'll typically see decrease in egg productions,

These animals may be lame if their joints are infection.

The problem with mycoplasma is

we can treat the disease but we'll never eliminate it

once it's in the flock.

We're much better if we prevent the disease.

One of the best ways to prevent the disease

is to buy chicks

from producers that have

mycoplasma negative free herds.

When you go to purchase new birds this spring,

make sure that you purchase these birds from a flock

that is negative or, better yet,

make sure that the flock you're buying from is on

the National Poultry Improvement Plan.

This will give you assurance that those birds

are being monitored for mycoplasma.

Now, prevention of disease, also,

don't forget to practice good biosecurity.

The best way you can get this introduced into your flock

is buy purchasing another bird and bringing it in,

or by, as I said before, visiting other poultry farms

or poultry auctions or those types of places,

poultry shows and fairs,

and you bring that home with you.

The last thing I would tell you is make sure

that your houses that you have,

that your poultry are housed in locations

that protect them from wild birds and rodents,

because we know that these animals can also bring

this organism into your flock.

If you'd like some more information about this disease,

if you will go to sunup.okstate.edu,

we'll put some information on there for you.

(upbeat country music)

 

What is aquaponics?

>>> Finally today, from a traditional growing system

rooted in soil, to one rooted in rocks and water.

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair takes us to Noble County

to learn more.

>>> Out on the Hard Rock Ranch in Noble County,

chickens and cattle are the main focus

of Bud Patterson's production.

But, inside this homemade greenhouse is a project

that sprouted into a major player on Bud's ranch.

(water running)

>>> Lots of plants that we have here is just typically

like you'd find in a regular garden.

We have tomatoes and peppers and broccoli,

and squ…

One thing that does not grow well in here,

we found a nit for ours,

is squash.

>>> While Bud's greenhouse garden is impressive,

so is the system that makes the plants grow.

>>> Aquaponics is the ability to use fish and plants.

It's all a closed loop system.

>>> Aquaponics works by feeding the fish and then using

their waste to fertilize the plants.

With reusable materials and a how-to video on YouTube,

Bud and his daughter built this system in just one day.

>>> There's no soil or anything in here.

No weeds.

It's all just gravel, or you can use river rock.

Basically, you have a aquarium pump that's down,

like you put on an aquarium.

That is down here on the bottom.

This pumps the water up into this top here.

This is a water holding system,

and then you can see that right there.

It comes out into here.

These three barrels are connected.

It raises the water level

up to about right here

on all three barrels.

Then, this is just a pop bottle.

Once it reaches this level,

that water starts coming in,

it fills this pop bottle up.

This lowers this, and it's just a bathroom,

like you have on a toilet, a flapper.

It just pops it, poom.

Opens it, the water all drains out, feeds your plants.

Once that gets down, drains down to the level,

and it repeats its cycle, fills back up.

>>> Bud's system is a little more on the complex side.

But, the great thing about aquaponics is that

it can be extremely complicated or super simple

like something I have in my house.

Oklahoma State University Floraculture Professor,

Bruce Dunn, says that aquaponics is really for everyone.

(water running)

>>> So, as far as these systems,

there's ones out there that you can purchase

for thousands of dollars,

or you can build very simple systems,

very small scale systems

that will feed a family.

You just have a jar,

and at the bottom you could have a Betta fish,

and at the very top you have some kind of basil

or lettuce growing in that system.

Or it could be a little bit more complex from that.

>>> These can be set up in the city.

These can be set up rural.

These can be set up on rooftops,

if it's strong enough to hold the weight of the water.

The other good thing is this saves a lot on,

instead of having to make a trip every two or three days

to the grocery store,

you know, we make a trip once every three weeks.

>>> Which gives Bud more time to spend on his ranch.

In Noble County, I'm Kurtis Hair.

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime at sunup.okstate.edu,

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone,

and remember, Oklahoma agriculture

starts at SUNUP.

(upbeat country music)

 

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