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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for February 3, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Update on the Oklahoma wheat crop
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • How does soil acidity work?
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Food Whys
  • Oklahoma 4-H music choir

 

(upbeat acoustic guitar music)

 

Update on the Oklahoma wheat crop

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SunUp.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Wheat fields across Oklahoma are very dry,

and there is not much moisture in the forecast.

We begin with an update on the crop with our extension

small green specialist, David Marburger.

>>> Well, right now, we're still in winter dormancy

overall, that's the good news in all this,

even though we've been pretty dry across the state.

The plants are still in their winter slumber

and not taking up a whole lot of nutrients and water,

in some cases we don't have a whole lot to take up,

but that's the good news,

so right now, with the wheat crop,

it's really tough out there,

I know the crop ratings we got from the USDA

weren't very good, and a lot of people might not

feel like it right now, but if we were to get a rain

right now, we could still end up with a pretty decent

crop, but the bad news is that rain doesn't look

like it's in the forecast,

so it's presenting some challenges overall.

One, on the forage side, to get any kind of forage

for cattle and grazing,

and then thinking about dual purpose, are we gonna

have any of a grain crop this year,

and one of those things to get us to something like

a forage later in the season, or if that grain crop

comes back to nitrogen management,

this is the time of year we're typically thinking

about top dress considerations, and that's been

a very tough decision so far this year

with how dry it's been.

>>> Well, and with that, whenever you do make your top

dress decisions in applications, you do need that rain,

what are some of the things that producers need

to be thinking about when it does come to making

those decisions for their top dress?

>>> Well like we mentioned, it's tough,

when do we pull the trigger.

There are some things we can do,

we can stream on some UAN, and a lot of conventional

tillage, if we're in no till, it's a little bit tougher

between the source, whether to go urea or UAN,

and in a no till situation the urea might have

a little bit of edge over the UAN,

but one thing we can do right now is be putting out

nitrogen rich strips, and letting the crop tell us

if we need to be putting out nitrogen,

that way too, if we can hold off, that's the question,

if you can hold off and wait until we can get this

nitrogen down in front of the rain,

but we can put that nitrogen rich strip out,

and let the crop tell us,

but yeah, that's using nitrogen rich strips would be

a good opportunity for those nitrogen related

management decisions.

>>> And right now, the plants are still dormant,

they're not using the moisture that they will later.

Kind of talk about the soil temperature target

to when the plants start to wake up from the dormancy,

and when they start to use that moisture.

>>> Yep, so right now, a lot of our soil temperatures

are 50 degrees, and lower, and once we start getting

close to that 50 degrees and higher,

that's gonna start waking those plants back up,

and right now, you mention soil temperature,

air temperature as well, the plants, this is when

they're most resilient, or resistant to those

cold air temperatures, so we may see a little bit

of leaf burning out there,

and as long as that crown still is healthy,

and alive, those plants are still alive,

they can still make it, even though it might not look

as well above the soil surface.

But once we start raising that soil temperature up,

50 degrees and above, and we start coming out of

winter dormancy, if we happen to get cooler,

and those soil temperatures go back down below there,

we can still resist some of the cold temperatures,

but we'll never get to that level of resistance

that we are currently right now.

So when we start warming up, and we get those cold snaps,

we can start doing for damage to the crop

and hurting ourselves on potential there.

>>> I know that there's not a magic date for all varieties,

they're all going to be different,

but when's that critical time if we don't see a rain yet?

>>> So, we're gonna come out of winter,

and we're gonna start growing again,

and if we could get some rain when we start waking

those plants up and have some good soil moisture,

that's gonna give us an opportunity to tiller.

So some of those plants where we're a lot smaller

than what we would maybe like to see going into winter,

we can give ourselves an opportunity to tiller there,

and once we transition from that vegetative growth

to that reproductive growth, that's really when

we're gonna start seeing a big increase in water

uptake for the plants.

And hopefully we'll have that moisture in the soil

by the time that occurs this year.

>>> So really, it's all waiting on a good rain, like we say

in Oklahoma.

>>> Yes.

>>> Well thank you much, David.

And for more information on the wheat crop this year,

visit our website, sunup.okstate.edu.

(bluegrass music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

As of January 30, Kenton had logged 124 days without

a quarter-inch or more of rain.

For all of western Oklahoma, the count is over 100 days.

There were some spots with some recent rain,

all down in the southeast.

A 30-day rainfall map through January 31

shows those green areas with over an inch of rain.

The areas that have gone a long time without rain

are under a governor's burn ban issued January 30,

the red counties.

A governor's burn ban places added responsibility

and liability for fire prevention.

You can link to the official guidelines

on the SUNUP website.

If your wheat was grazed and you're considering

pulling cattle off for a grain crop,

the Mesonet First Hollow Stem Advisor lets you know

when to check wheat stems.

On Wednesday, just a few locations for early-group varieties

were at the 5% probability:

The ideal time to check wheat for First Hollow Stem.

In 1 week, they are projected to be

close to 50% probability and by February 14,

the need to check early group varieties

for First Hollow Stem will have moved a long ways north.

Here's Gary with more information on

our dry, droughty conditions.

>>> Thanks, Al, and good morning, everyone.

While I'm afraid January didn't do us many favors

on the drought sides, so let's go right

to the newest Drought Monitor report and see what we have.

And it doesn't look good, does it?

Most of western Oklahoma, at least the far-western

portions of the state, up in the northwest Oklahoma,

and in the panhandle, that is Extreme Drought

covering that area, that deep red.

And in the rest of the state, most of that state

in that darker brown, that is Severe Drought.

So most of the state of Oklahoma at the end of January is

now covered by at least Severe-to-Extreme Drought.

Only a few little areas of Moderate Drought left

in far northeastern and far southeastern Oklahoma.

Now the rainfall statistics for January from the Mesonet

show you the reason why drought took off so much

during the month.

Most of western Oklahoma recorded no precipitation,

and in the rest of the state saw less

than an inch in general.

Only far southeastern Oklahoma up into

East-central Oklahoma saw significant rainfall

with the Mesonet side at Cloudy leading the way

with 4.8 inches of rain during January.

Shall we look ahead to February?

I'm afraid we have to, and it's not good.

At least for the temperature outlook

from the Climate Prediction Center,

we don't really see much indication of increased odds

for above normal temperatures.

Really, just out in the panhandle

and far-southwestern Oklahoma.

The rest of the state, no clear indication.

But, for precipitation, we do see increased odds

of below-normal precipitation for the month

of February across the entire state,

which is not good because February is one

of our driest months.

So all of our pleas for rainfall, snow, ice, anything

didn't come through during January, so

we'll make that plea again to Mother Nature:

please give us something during February.

We'll take anything we can get.

That's it for this time, we'll see you next time

on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(upbeat music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> We've seen a good rally in wheat prices,

and Kim, everyone wants to know how long

will these prices last?

>>> I think they'll last 'til they rain.

If real expectations go up after rain,

then I think prices will follow.

But I think as we get into harvest,

if we have a quality product, that means test-weight

and protein, I think we'll have our $4.20 wheat,

which is what you can forward contract harvest wheat

for right now.

>>> Now, if the drought continues and 2018 wheat

is below average, how high do you think wheat prices can go?

>>> Well I think the problem right now for flour millers is

is finding milling-quality wheat.

We've got a shortage of that and if we don't produce

Milling-quality wheat, let's just say for instance,

we could import Russian wheat.

Now right now Russia is loading wheat out on

vessels on the Black Sea for $194 a ton.

That's about $5.28 a bushel.

Takes about seventy cents to get it into Houston,

so we can bring Russian wheat in for about

six dollars on the vessel in Houston,

take if off board, unload it, handle it,

get it on the rail cars, move it into Fort Worth area.

We can get wheat into Fort Worth for right around

six dollars and seventy-five cents to seven dollars

Russian wheat, and we could also bring in

Argentine wheat, so I think if we have a short crop,

and we have a shortage of milling quality wheat,

our prices could get up to that level of where it

would take to import wheat, and that's around

six seventy-five or seven dollars.

>>> [Interviewer] In your opinion,

how likely is this scenario?

>>> Oh, I don't think it's very likely

that we're gonna import Russian wheat.

I mean, it just wouldn't be politically wise to do that.

We may bring in Argentine wheat though,

if we have a real shortage, but right now,

it's not very likely, but it is likely

if we have a short crop and good quality,

that we're gonna have five fifty, six, maybe

six and a quarter, prices for wheat.

>>> And the bottom line showed producers take

advantage of this rally?

>>> I don't think so because they can forward

contracts right now for four twenty; if it rains,

the price will go down, but their yields will go up,

offsetting most of that lower price.

But if it doesn't rain and yields stay low,

prices will go higher than this four twenty

that they can get right now and

they're gonna need to take advantage of it.

>>> Okay Kim, thanks a lot, we'll see you next week.

And now, here's Brian Arnall with another lesson

on the science behind soil nutrition.

 

How does soil acidity work?

>>> I've previously spoken about soil pH.

Now I want to address why is low pH a bad scenario

in cropping systems and forage systems in Oklahoma.

Now we call a low pH "acidic."

In most crops, that's when the pH drops below a six.

Now it's not that the pH is bad necessarily.

Remember, a low pH is when we have more hydrogen ions

in the soil solution than we have hydroxyls, the OH's.

Now that's not the problem.

The plants don't have hydrogen toxicity.

What happens is when we have more of those

hydrogens in soil solution, those hydrogens,

those H pluses, react in the soil

and help the release of aluminum, 3 plus,

and manganese, that's 2 plus.

Now, what we have to worry about in Oklahoma

are these aluminum three pluses.

We have a lot of aluminum in our soil already,

but when you have a soil pH above about a 5.5 to a six,

that aluminum is in a form that is

non-plant available and non-toxic,

but when soil pH starts dropping below a 5.5,

the ratio of the aluminum three plus

that is in soil solution starts increasing.

So at a pH of 5.0,

there's approximately about 27 ppm,

that's parts per million,

of aluminum three plus in the soil solution.

Now what's critical about that value, that 27 ppm,

is that typically most of our crops, especially wheat,

is sensitive around the 25 ppm mark.

That means we're getting significant impact upon the plant

because of this aluminum three plus.

Now the big thing to understand,

it's not just that it's near that point at a five,

it's that when we go from a pH of four to a pH of five,

that's step one in pH units,

that is a huge step in what happens to aluminum.

Now from a five to a four,

aluminum goes from 27 ppm to 27 thousand ppm.

Aluminum three plus is going to be stunting the root.

It's going to make the roots instead of a nice fibrous root,

it's gonna be stunted and clubbed.

Now if you want more information on why soil acidity is bad,

check out the SUNUP website at www.sunup.okstate.edu.

(folksy music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> In the past in the Cow-Calf Corner,

we visited with you about the length of time that you would

watch a cow or a heifer during the throes of labor

before you'd actually bring her in and give assistance,

and we've talked about that being about one hour

for the first calf heifer and half that, thirty minutes,

for the adult cow, a cow that's had calves before.

We know that if a calf goes through a prolonged

stage two of labor or a prolonged delivery process.

That we'll have a calf that ends up

with a respiratory acidosis, and that just means

that during that prolonged delivery process

he was deprived of oxygen for quite awhile,

and there was a buildup of carbon dioxide

and some of his byproducts in his body.

One of the byproducts is lactic acid,

and that's where the acidosis actually comes from,

the blood pH of that baby calf

will be lowered substantially.

And if this goes on long enough, it can actually damage

the major organs of the calf, including brain damage.

Also, those calves that have this severe acidosis

are often sluggish, and slow to get up, to find the teat,

and nurse, therefore they're slow to get that first

milk colostrum that has all the disease antibodies in it

that gives that calf some protection.

Therefore, what we have is, if that calf goes

through a long delivery process, a pretty good chance

that that calf is more prone to getting scours,

or even respiratory diseases later in life.

Research from Montana has given us a good indication

of what happens to the cow if that stage two

of delivery of the calf is allowed to go on,

and on, and on, and on.

What they did was compare cows that were provided

appropriate assistance, at about the end of one hour

if she hadn't made real, significant progress.

The others, those that were given late assistance,

were allowed to go two hours or longer

before assistance was provided.

And what you see on this graphic

is there was a 17% difference in the percentage

in those two groups of cows as to how many

were actually cycling at the start

of the next breeding season.

So, a significant drop-off in the percentage

that were ready to breed in the next breeding season.

And it showed up in the pregnancy rates

actually being lowered by 20% in those cows

that were allowed to have a prolonged stage two of labor.

So, there's certainly reason, I think, to not let these cows

or heifers just go on, and on, and on

in the delivery process.

Go ahead and check them after about one hour

in the case of that heifer, 30 minute in the case

of the adult cow, provide assistance,

if you find something that you know

that you can't handle quickly

call your local large animal veterinarian

and get their help as soon as possible.

Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week

on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(country music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> The USDA released the annual cattle inventory estimates

the last day of January, and Darryl is here

to talk about it.

Darryl, what do the reports show?

>>> Well, overall the reports show that we continued

modest herd expansion in 2017.

The overall, or all cattle inventory

was up 7/10 of 1%.

The beef cow herd was up 1.6%.

The beef replacement heifer number was down about 3.7%.

And if you work through all of the numbers

and calculate an estimated feeder supply

for January 1 of 2018, that was also down about 2.3%.

>>> And then what are the main take home messages,

and expand on that a little bit more,

the expectations for the 2018 outlook.

>>> Well I think there's a couple of things

you can get out of this report.

One is the beef replacement heifer number was down.

Some people are taking that to mean

that the herd expansion is completely over.

If you look at that beef heifer inventory

as a percent of the cow herd, that's actually still

at a relatively high level.

To me that says that there's still some potential

for additional herd growth in 2018.

I don't know that it has to happen,

but I think the potential is there.

So I wouldn't be surprised if we see a very modest

additional growth in 2018.

The other thing is that feeder supply being down

is a function of the fact that we placed cattle

so aggressively in 2017, with the dry conditions

and the lack of wheat pasture at the end of the year,

we put a lot of those calves in the feedlot early.

So we're actually starting with a little bit

tighter supplies at the beginning of 2018,

even though overall cattle numbers are up,

and so that's gonna help support the market,

it just shows that we've done a very good job from 2017

on into 2018 at moving through these cattle numbers

very, very effectively.

>>> And speaking of dry, it's on everyone's minds

again now and drought expanding, how do you think

that'll impact things this spring.

>>> Well, we're set up unfortunately with what could be

a very bad situation, if nothing changes.

We've sort of written off wheat pasture at this point,

it was just really a very disappointing situation,

but what's more important now is we start looking ahead

to spring conditions.

If nothing changes in the next 60 to 80 days

then we have a very serious problem.

We're set up, unfortunately, much like it was in 2011.

So, we could potentially find ourselves around April 1st,

in a situation where we have very little flexibility,

very little forage to work with.

And not seeing any prospects for spring growth.

So, that's not a forecast at this point,

we've got lots of time to fix this

if we start getting some moisture.

But we really need to be paying attention to it.

And unfortunately, you need to think about a plan,

well, in terms of how you would move animals out.

Or liquidate animals, should we get into a situation

where that becomes necessary.

>>> Okay, Derrell Peel, thanks a lot.

We'll see you again soon.

(country music)

 

Food Whys

We're talking about food recalls today

with Ravi Jadeja, who is a Food Safety Specialist

here at the Food Now Products Center,

And Ravi let's just start with the basics.

What is a food recall?

>>> First of all Lyndall thank you so much

for giving me this opportunity to talk about food recalls.

Food recalls are mostly voluntary

action taken by the producers, or distributors.

To protect consumer, by withdrawing,

or removing the food product in question from the market.

I said mostly, because with the new food safety regulation,

that is called the Food Safety Modernization Act,

now the FDA can force food companies to cause recall.

>>> Now it does not necessarily mean

though that the food is not safe to eat, right.

Explain that for us a little bit.

>>> Sure, it depends,

so, there are three different type of measure recalls.

Or three different classes of recalls.

Class one recall is being the most serious type of recall.

And usually that is caused by

a microbiological agent, or allergen

that can severely affect the health of consumer.

Or even cause death.

Class two recall, you still expect some

sort of health consequences but you expect

the consumer to recover fully.

Class three, usually does not have

any type of health consequences associated with it.

And it's basically, there is something wrong

on the label that is not related to allergen.

And it is not going to affect the consumer the bad way.

But it's still illegal.

So, that's why companies recall that food product.

>>> How do I as a consumer keep up with all of this.

When there is, seems like, almost one a week?

>>> Well, first of all like, most of the time

when we see recalls those recalls

are either allergen related recalls.

Because most recalls are because of undeclared allergen.

And it cause approximately, like 50% of the recall,

because of the allergen.

Which is followed by pathogens.

And usually it's a very good idea

to actually register our email address.

With the USDA and FDA.

And whenever there is a recall

then they usually send out an email

to your email address and we'll let you know

that do not consume this food product.

>>> Okay, great, some terrific information.

Thanks for explaining it all to us.

>>> Thank you.

>>> And to get on to that email list, that Ravi mentioned,

go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Oklahoma 4-H music choir

Finally, today we learn how a 4-H educator

is mixing his love of music

with the values of the 4-H program.

To not only foster talent but also build tomorrow's leaders.

>>> [Boy] Check.

>>> Check.

>>>Check, check.

>>> Check.

>>> Check.

>>> [Boy] Check, check.

>>> [Girl] Check, check (laughs).

>>> Music really touches all the areas that 4-H

is interested in, which is head, hands, heart and health.

Leadership, because just like in any other project.

You saw them setting up the stage and the microphones.

And it's the same process whether

you're setting up for a county fair,

or a stock show, or a performance.

They're learning how to work together, and teamwork.

All these young people whether they're a singer,

or a musician they have a leadership role

in music core, even if it's just their instrument,

and themselves, they're a leader.

ß There is a house

ß In New Orleans

>>> We travel around Oklahoma, and play

different gigs at different places.

Playing music makes me happy.

I could just go play on the piano and be happy, so.

My parents taught me how to play the piano

with books since I was three.

So, I was learning when I was three.

And also the guitar.

And then I learned how to play the drum a little bit.

And the mandolin.

And the ukulele.

(guitar playing)

>>> You know several of these people

are playing an instrument tonight

for the first, or second time, ever.

And so, these young people have just started picking up

instruments, and saying, "How does this work?"

And they're teaching each other.

How to play the instrument that they play.

ß I've got

They all come in with their forte.

Or the thing that they're good at.

Vocals, piano, guitar, and what we tell them is,

"Okay, that's your main instrument.”

"Or your main job, now what else can you do?"

And you'll see this afternoon they,

we have tambourines, and ukuleles and mandolins.

And whatever that song needs

we just hand an instrument to somebody.

And what I really appreciate about these young people

is there's no back up in them.

There's no, they're just like "Okay."

And they're teaching themselves.

And they're teaching each other.

How to play that instrument for that song.

And I tell singers that if you're just a singer

we need to find something else for you to do.

Whether that be running sound.

Or playing the drums, or whatever that is.

(violin music)

Music has been a big part of my life.

And it's a big part of their lives.

And we just want to share that with other people.

>>> 4-H it's another place for me

to get out and know kids my age.

And learn more, and play music.

And everything I do.

ß This land was made

(drum and percussion)

(applause)

 

>>> That will do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime at sunup.okstate.edu.

And also follow us on YouTube, and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout have a great week everyone.

And remember Oklahoma agriculture

starts at Sunup.

(country music)

 

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