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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for January 20, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Recertification for herbicide application
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • How does CEC help your seed?
  • Vet Scripts
  • How much is your land worth?
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Stand and be counted

 

(mid-tempo guitar)

 

Recertification for herbicide application

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to Sunup.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

New rules about pesticides now require certifications

for producers before they can use them.

For an explanation, here's Oklahoma State's

summer crop wheat specialist Todd Baughman.

>>> Well recently we had the Extend Cropping System

and it was introduced in soybeans and cotton

in the state of Oklahoma,

which allowed over-the-top applications

of dicamba herbicides over those crops

which traditionally has not been the case

'til this technology was developed.

And with that, the EPA met with the major manufacturers

of the three herbicides,

and with that they developed a protocol for this next year.

One of those being those three products

are restricted use products now.

Therefore they required a certified applicator

for purchase and use of the product.

So that was one change.

And then the other change,

and the big reason we're here today is,

anybody that is spraying any of these three products

must go through a specific dicamba training

that's been approved by the Department of Agriculture.

That training entails some of the new regulations,

the fact that it's a restricted use product.

With a restricted use product

there's specific record keeping that's required,

and then there's also additional record keeping

that's required with these three new products

above and beyond a normal restricted use product.

The only people that are approved

to give this actual training,

and that's one of the things that they want to be aware of,

is either the Department of Ag,

Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service,

or one of the three major manufacturers,

Monsanto, DuPont or BASF.

So if it's being given by somebody else,

you may want to question that

and make sure that it's officially.

If you want to know when that meeting's occurring,

or when the closest will be,

I would suggest checking

with your local county extension agent,

and he'll know those dates.

We also have some plans for some online version

where you can go to the county office.

And then the other thing is we're developing one in Spanish

for Spanish speaking applicators

so that they can go through the training as well.

(mid-tempo guitar and harmonica)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> As we approach this Spring's calving season,

I think it's a good idea to put together

what I call a calving kit.

All the equipment that you're going to need

in the situation where we first find

that first two year old heifer,

that needs some help this Spring.

Part of that calving kit

I think should be a calving protocol.

A plan if you will, for your family,

neighbors, hired hands,

that might be around, that will be helping,

when a particular cow or heifer needs some assistance.

On that protocol, I think it's very, very important,

that we have phone numbers

for the large animal veterinarian in our area,

perhaps his cell phone number,

numbers of relatives and neighbors,

that might be willing to help us during the calving season.

As I put together my calving kit,

I'm gonna start with a plastic bucket,

or perhaps even a stainless steel pail,

something that I can put all of these

important pieces of equipment in one spot.

And I'm gonna locate that bucket

in an area that everyone in the family knows where it is

and can reach it.

In the bucket of course,

we're going to put our obstetrical chains,

and I like to use chains rather than straps

because we can get those things clean and disinfected,

and we'll want to do that,

in-between each time that we use 'em.

And of course those chains need the handles,

so make sure you've got those located

and have them in your calving kit.

Obstetrical sleeves, plastic disposable sleeves,

are very, very handy,

so that you can try to keep yourself,

as well as the cow from getting infected.

Making sure that as you use these things

each time you're helping a cow or heifer,

that you replenish that supply,

so that you're ready the next time

is very, very important.

Have a bottle of the tincture of iodine.

This is what's going to be necessary to dip the navel

of that baby calf and spread around the navel area

so that he has a less likely chance of getting an infection

due to that navel opening.

A lubricant is always important whenever you're working

with a cow or a heifer in the case of delivering the calf.

It's the same situation with artificial insemination

or preg checking.

You can buy commercial lubricants, but quite frankly,

one that works just as well is a non-detergent dish soap.

You can buy these at any of the local groceries stores.

That bottle cost me less than $2.00 and will go a long ways

towards getting us through this calving season

as a lubricant.

It'll really work well.

And of course you probably want to include several old

towels, bath towels that have already been used up

around the house, and if your spouse doesn't like that

particular idea, go ahead and get a roll of paper towels

and stick in so that you can clean that area

around the back end of the cow or the heifer before you

start to do the examination, reduce the likelihood

of introducing some pathogens into her reproductive tract.

Some simple things that you probably want to also

keep in mind is to have a flashlight included

in your calving kit.

A good one, one that you can find that cow or heifer

out in the lot that's down in the throes of labor,

because you're probably going to do quite a little bit

of this at night.

And of course, spare batteries are very, very important

because you don't want to go out there at 2:00 a.m.

and find out that the batteries are getting weak,

and you have to go back to the house to try to locate

some new batteries in order to go and search for that cow

or heifer that needs your help.

Last on our list is something that one of the popular

press magazines last year called one of the six most

important items to include in our calving kit

for ranchers all across America.

And that was a publication that we wrote here at

Oklahoma State University called Calving Time Management

for Beef Cows and Heifers.

And everyone in your operation should review it

before the calving season begins.

I think if you'll do that, you can help improve

the chances of saving more calves this spring,

and helping that bottom line as we take those valuable

calves to town the following fall.

Now you can go to the SUNUP website,

that's sunup.okstate.edu, look under Show Links,

and you'll find the link to download

this very important document.

Well, I hope this gives you some idea of what I might

include in a calving kit, and that way that you'll be

ready for this upcoming calving season.

(catchy guitar music)

 

How does CEC help your seed?

>>> Time now to talk soil nutrition.

This week Brian Arnall tells us how plants benefit

from what's known as CEC.

>>> Often people come up to me and ask me questions.

Just the other day my pastor caught me in the hallway

and asked me about CEC.

So I thought it'd be a good opportunity to address that.

Now CEC stands for cation exchange capacity.

Now CEC goes back to that the soil

is a net negative charge,

negatively charged, and opposites attract, so positive

charge things will hold onto the soil.

And what we're talking about as far as cation exchange

capacity is positively charged nutrients such as calcium,

magnesium, ammonium, these positive charged ability

to hold on to the soil.

Now ideally, we want as much as CEC as possible,

because we want to hold onto as many of

those nutrients as possible.

But what is CEC, and how do we get there?

So the soil itself has different kinds of CEC.

Most of those are driven by texture, so a sand will have

very little CEC because there's very little negative charge

on those, and clays will have much more because of

broken edges and things that develop negative charges

on that clay particle.

When you start breaking down the kind of negative charge

on a clay particles, we have both the pH-dependent,

and pH-independent.

So we have some aspects on that clay particle that

it's going to have that negative charge to hold onto

cations no matter what.

And that's typically going to happen below a 5.5 where

if your soil pH is below a 5.5, you only have the

independent charge.

Now, when you have a pH above 5.5, as we're getting

into the sixes, and sevens, and eights, you get into

the pH-dependent CEC.

Now that's because the negative charges are no longer

occupied by that positive hydrogen because we have

converted hydrogen over to hydroxyls, and it's negative.

So we have that.

So basically, the hydrogen's being kicked off those

negative sites, and as we go from a six, seven, and up,

the amount of negative sites available for the cations

to hold to increase.

Another source of cation exchange capacity, or CEC,

is organic matter.

The more organic matter we have, the more negative

sites we have for nutrients such as calcium, magnesium,

ammonium, to hold onto.

Now, the CEC of organic matter is also pH-dependent.

So as the pH goes up and down, those sites can be filled

with hydrogen or not.

So we would like to be building organic matter

in soil pH's at six and above so that we have as much

as possible sites to hold onto things

like our ammonium and calcium.

When we get into the coarser soils, like sand and those,

we'll have a naturally lower CEC, so we need to try

our best, if possible, to increase organic matter

if we want to hold onto our nutrients.

For more information about CEC, check out the SUNUP

website at www.sunup.okstate.edu.

(catchy guitar music)

 

Vet Scripts

>>> Well, as you can tell by my shaking this morning,

winter has arrived here in southern Oklahoma, and with that

it's a good idea to kind of re-check what I would call

the winter checklist about our large animals.

The number one thing that I get concerned about

when it gets cold weather is making sure we have a good

quality, clean water supply for our animals.

Gotta make sure that we don't let anything freeze up.

We've got to keep it open so those cattle and horses,

or whatever, can get a good drink of water.

If you have the ability to warm that water up, where it's

not at the freezing temperature or just above,

we know that animals are more likely to consumer more water.

This becomes pretty important if you have sheep or goats

because those rams and billies and wethers are subject

to getting urinary calculi, so it's really important

that they get plenty of water.

Horses are another problem.

They don't drink enough water, we can have problems

with colic, so if you can provide some warm water

for those species, particularly, we'll probably

have less health problems with them.

The other thing we have to be concerned about

is it take a lot of energy to stay warm when it gets cold.

So we need to look at our feeding.

We're probably going to have to provide some extra feed

during this time.

Last thing I would talk about is shelter.

Obviously, we can't build barns big enough to house

all our cattle, but if we can provide them with a

windbreak, or maybe an area where there's some trees

that they can get into to provide them some protection

from the elements, a pasture that's got some tall grass

where they can bed down and stay warm, these will all

help them as far as being protected from the elements

that they encounter.

I'd also remind you don't forget about

your small animals, too.

They need all these requirements and probably some

more things for them, for those guys, too.

Hey, if you'd like some more information about cold weather

protection, if you'll go to sunup.okstate.edu,

we'll put you some information there.

(catchy guitar music)

 

How much is your land worth?

>>> We are talking about current trends and patterns

in Ag real estate markets with Roger Sahs from

the Ag Economics Department, and Roger, give us an idea

of what's been going on the past couple of years.

>>> Well, after some sizable gains in the land markets

during the first part of this decade, we've undergone

some corrections, and the land markets have actually

leveled off since about 2016.

So the main culprit behind those corrections has been

the lower farm earnings that we've experienced

in production Ag, and so the markets have reacted to that.

I think they've been moving sideways so far in 2017.

They have stabilized somewhat.

Hopefully the worst is behind us in terms of those declines

in net farm earnings.

But the markets right now are digesting that.

They're thinking well, maybe is that the new norm,

or is that an aberration?

So I think right now we're sort of in a holding pattern

just waiting to see what happens next.

>>> And go into that a little bit more of some of the cause

for this kind of leveling out.

It really kind of, part of it at least, drives back to

commodity prices?

>>> Exactly, commodity prices are the main culprit

behind the lower farm earnings.

Land is a income-producing asset,

especially in agriculture, and anything that impacts

those earnings, either at the current time or expected,

does impact those values down the road, so those values

have been impacted by those lower farm earnings

and those expectations down the road.

>>> What do you think we're gonna see

in the next couple of years?

>>> Well, farmers and ranchers are the major players

in the markets in terms of the buyers and sellers,

so when they're reluctant to buy

because of a variety of reasons.

It could be tight operating margins.

It could be their balance sheets

aren't quite as strong as what they used to be,

and, of course, the lower commodity prices.

That does impact the real estate markets.

I think that there won't be much

of a turnaround in these land values

until we have a rebound in commodity prices.

The markets right now are trying to balance

the good news and bad news, and unfortunately,

I think there's more bearish news in the markets right now

due to the subdued commodity price environment

and that continuation down the road,

at least as the markets see it right now.

>>> For folks who are wanting to do some research

and kind of look up their own information, you say

go to some trusted sources, and you have some in mind.

>>> Yes, good market information and analysis is critical

so we really encourage the viewers out there,

if you're a participant in the markets,

on the buyer and sellers' side,

that you can check out some websites, either at

the Ag Econ land value website or the USDA NASS,

or the Federal Reserve Bank in Kansas City,

all great sources and resources of information.

I think they all give a good perspective

on the current trends and patterns,

and I think using those as some additional information,

you can base your decisions as a participant in the market,

I think, a little better that way.

>>> Okay, thanks a lot, Roger, and for a link to the websites

that Roger mentioned go to sunup.okstate.edu.

(Dixieland music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

It's not looking good as the days

without rain keep adding up.

As of Wednesday, Kenton had climbed to 110 days

without a quarter inch or more of rain.

That lack of rain has pushed counties

to maintain county burn bans.

As of Wednesday, nine counties

had active burn bans, the yellow counties.

We've sure seen some cold times in January this year.

The morning of January 1st was frigid.

There were only a few locations where it

felt like it was above zero, down in the Southeast.

Eva and Foraker had the coldest wind chills, minus 18.

About half of the Mesonet sites reported

wind chills of minus 10 or colder.

The cold hit with a vengeance again this week.

Goodwell was at minus 20 degrees

at 6:00 a.m. Wednesday morning.

The Southeast was, again, a warmer area,

if you can call a wind chill of 10 degrees warm.

An air temperature and wind chart for Spencer

shows the frigid cold cycling with warm-ups.

The top chart shows air temperature in red fill,

and wind chill is a blue line.

Wind speeds and gusts are in the second graph.

We had more wind with this week's cold snap

making it bone-chilling.

Here's Gary with the check

on long-range rainfall and drought.

>>> Thanks Al and good morning, everyone.

Well, another week, another drought intensification.

Another week, another drought intensification.

Sorry, broken record there, but that's

the story I have to bring you.

Let's get right to the Drought Monitor Map

and see what we have.

Well, we've held steady across the Southeastern half

of the state, but across Northwestern Oklahoma, you can see,

once again, more intensification of those red colors.

That's the D3 extreme drought moving farther to the east,

up in North central Oklahoma,

and then farther out into the panhandle.

The darker brown color is the severe drought, that's D2.

We've extended all the way out to the Western edge

of the Oklahoma panhandle and also down to the Southwest,

and even formed a bridge with that D2 in the Southeast.

That's what a lack of precipitation will do for you,

even if you're freezing outside.

Let's look at some data.

Once again, the 90 day Observed Rainfall from the Mesonet,

you can see that western third of the state

pretty much no precipitation, a few tenths here and there,

but by in large just going without.

We still have the remnants of some of those rains

across the southeastern half of the state.

But those are starting to go away.

We can see that on the Departure from Normal Rainfall map

for the last 90 days.

From two to four inches below normal

across the western parts of the state

to five to more than six inches below normal

across the eastern half of the state.

Those deficits, regardless of the time of the year,

end up costing drought impacts.

I'm not going to attempt to tell you when

we're going to get moisture again.

But I hope it's sooner rather than later

because if we don't get some soon,

that drought is just going to continue to intensify

regardless of what temperatures we have outside.

It is that bad.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(guitar music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist is here now

and Kim the January 12th reports had

kind of a negative impact on prices.

What's been going on this week?

>>> You look at those reports and the report,

the didn't have much impact,

but that seedings report just kind

of kicked prices pretty hard.

You look at wheat prices, they were down 14 cents on Friday,

down another four on Monday.

They've gained a little bit, seven or eight since

this week on Tuesday through Thursday and Friday.

It just wasn't good for wheat.

Corn, there was essentially no change.

I mean, we've got a 10 cent increase on that

right after the report, 23 cents this week.

Wheat's the one that got hit pretty hard after that report.

>>> You mentioned the seedings report,

give us a bit of an overview.

>>> The seedings report's an interesting report.

You look at overall on expected

there was a 10% decline in hard red winter wheat seedings.

We got a 1% increase.

That means we've got 9% more planted acres

than we thought we did.

That could be a 9% increase in production

or at least production expectations.

You look at where those were,

Oklahoma was down 9%.

Oklahoma producers reacted to this low price

and cut back on acres.

Kansas was up 3%, Texas was up 6%.

That more than offset our 9% decline.

It's not good for wheat producers right now.

>>> So is the news all bad?

>>> It's really not all bad because, now we do have dry

conditions, but the wheat if we can get 9%

more wheat with good test weight

and with good protein, say we've got 12 five protein

on the average, we can take that 9% increase

in production and blend some of this low protein wheat out

we got in the bin and move it on the market.

So there could be a positive side to more production

if we have quality.

>>> Exactly.

We've talked a lot about the dry conditions.

We're expected to have more dry weather

the next 90 days or so, what do you think

the impact on that will be?

>>> That's tough and I think the big question

what's gonna be the impact on producer's decision

about top dressing for nitrogen.

You know we need nitrogen for the protein

and the test weight and for production.

If we don't have moisture,

that nitrogen can't get down the soil.

If you put it down, it'll evaporate in the air.

It makes the producer's decision more difficult

about top dressing because if you're gonna put

that money down, you need it followed by rain

relatively soon.

You need to get it in the ground

and you need it for that plant to

utilize it and to increase protein, test weight

and everything we need.

It just complicates a complicated situation already

and makes producer's decisions harder to make.

>>> Sure will.

Okay, Kim, thanks a lot, we'll see you next week.

Every five years the USDA's National Ag Statistics Service

takes a snapshot of Ag production in every county

across the United States.

The deadline is approaching to be counted this time.

 

Stand and be counted

>>> The Census of Agriculture is done every five years.

We're in the process of collecting the 2017

Census of Agriculture now.

Most all producers, every producer should

have it in their hands.

They should have received something in the mail

saying that has the form for them to fill out

and with that, they can respond online

through our new web, newly updated web version.

Or they can mail the questionnaire back.

Anything that comes to us through these questionnaires is

only used for statistical purposes.

It's not going to any of the other agencies

to be utilized in any other way.

This is only coming to be used for

the Census of Agriculture.

It may be useful for producers or an agribusiness person

that has a business they're going through,

or seed sales, something like that.

It even goes as far as looking at rural communities,

looking at data that is going through

computer usage, or internet usage,

or conservation practices.

The best part about this is for the most part

we're able to publish down at the county level.

So you're able to see this data

for your rural community and not just the state

of Oklahoma or the United States.

But here, we're in local areas where agriculture is.

Whether you're big or small, it doesn't really matter.

The importance is that you get it in

and that you're counted.

(guitar music)

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime at sunup.okstate.edu

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at Sunup.

(guitar music)

 

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