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Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738



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Transcript for January 13, 2018

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • The beekeeper of Bryan County
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • The science behind nutrient mobility
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Passing the extension baton


(upbeat music)


>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Extension educators from around Oklahoma spent some time

in Stillwater this week, all to gain

some insight in their program areas.

We had agriculture, 4-H, or family and consumer sciences,

information that they can bring home

to address local county issues.

>>> You know, it's important because it

gives the opportunity to network with other

educators in the state that I don't get to

see all the time, see what kind of

programs they're doing, what's been successful,

what hasn't been, it's just a time to,

to also get some professional development for me,

just kinda recharge my batteries,

on some ideas and new tactics that I can take

to impact my county back home.

>>> We'll continue our conversation

about extension, including what the future

holds for programming, a little later in the show.

But first, we're off to Bryan County,

and the story of the 4-H'er who has quite a

unique livestock exhibit that can be a bit

temperamental, but as Kurtis Hair will show us,

the rewards can be quite sweet.


The beekeeper of Bryan County

>>> [Kurtis] Near the banks of the Red River,

4-H'er Doree Brashier lives with her family

on a small farm in Bryan County.

Along with her sister, Rylee, Doree raises

show goats and a variety of animals.

It seems like your typical Oklahoma farm

with typical animals.

But Doree is also raising some unconventional

livestock that can deliver more of a sting than a kick.

(bees buzzing)

>>> Me and my family really, really like honey,

and we decided one day that we got tired of

having to go look for honey everywhere

to find, you know, honey that was made around here.

So, we decided that we'd go buy a couple of hives.

>>> We started in 2013 I guess, with a

couple of hives we bought the first year.

I kept up with it but really Doree kinda took it over

and she's really been the spearhead on it.

>>> My favorite thing about bees is probably

how they're like, they have this hair

it's like fuzz on em, but it's teeny tiny.

>>> [Kurtis] Rylee, what's your

favorite thing about bees?

>>> I like honey.

(laughing, mumbling)

>>> [Kurtis] Doree's interest in bees flourished.

She's now managing nine hives, totalling about 250,000 bees.

She's become somewhat of the beekeeper of Bryan County.

If there is a hive on your property, you call Doree.

>>> We have rescued a couple of hives this past summer,

just a few miles from our house.

One of them was at the sod farm on

the back of a sod truck, and we,

me and my dad, we had to go rescue the bees.

>>> Bees, whether they're wild bees or

domesticated bees, I guess, whether they're in

a tree or in a box, they will outgrow their hive

that they're in, and they'll split off and

part of them will go find a new home with a new queen.

That's usually when we start getting phone calls

of people having a swarm on the side of their

house or on a tree in their yard.

>>> [Kurtis] While she's helping her community,

Doree is playing a role in a solution to a bigger problem.

>>> The bees are endangered, they're really getting scarce,

it's getting harder and harder to raise them.

And, between Doree and Rylee, both the girls

have really recognized that there is a need for bees.

>>> The population of bees across the world

have decreasing, and hives such as these

have been popping up to help combat the issue.

Bryan County extension educator Robert Bourne

says it's awesome to see the younger

generation step up and pitch in.

>>> It's really refreshing to see

those folks that are wont to bring their

kids up and learning about the natural

resources that we have here on Earth.

>>> [Kurtis] Doree brought her passion

for these insects to 4-H.

Last summer she was named the state record book

winner in agriculture and natural

resources for her work with bees.

4-H has taught me a lot of things

about friendship and how having friends

to help you, you know, on your projects,

and just being there for you, is a great way to grow up.

>>> I think Doree is a great role model,

she wants to take on leadership roles,

and help out with the county, she's always there to

be a bright, shining star to those younger kids,

and they look up to Doree.

>>> It was something fun for my wife and I,

to kind of get started in, but since

the girls have really taken it over,

it makes me really proud to see them

put so much passion into something that they believe in.

>>> [Kurtis] In Bryan County, I'm Kurtis Hair.

(upbeat music)


Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet Weather Report.

It just isn't fair across Oklahoma.

The eastern side of the state,

they received rainfall early this week.

The western side of the state,

they're getting close to three months

with no rains above a quarter inch.

Out west, Kenton was up to 103 days

as of Wednesday

with no rains of over a quarter inch of rainfall.

Taking a look at three-day rainfall, Monday, Tuesday

and through Wednesday of this week,

we see the eastern side

of the state with some areas

that were up close to an inch,

75 hundredths, 76 hundredths inches of rain.

Out west, completely blank, no rain out there at all.

We have to go out 30 days to see some good rains

over in the eastern side of the state

where we had more than an inch of rain.

Those are the green areas.

And then down in the southeast,

some rains there over five inches.

But again, as you look out west, very low rainfall rates.

That equates into big differences in soil moisture

as we look to the eastern side of the state

with the four inch Fractional Water Index.

We see numbers that are up close to saturation,

which is one.

As we move to the western side,

we really see those numbers drop.

We see those bright yellows and then into the browns

coming in showing us how dry that western area is.

Here's Gary with a look at how that lack of rainfall

has turned into increasing drought.

>>> Thanks, Al and good morning everyone.

Well, you're tired of it, I'm tired of it but apparently

Mother Nature's not tired of it.

We're talking about, of course, the drought.

So let's get right to the Drought Monitor map

because it's not good news once again.

So weeks, just a couple weeks after getting rid

of the extreme, that's that D-three or red area on the map,

in southeastern Oklahoma, we now have a big blob of that

up in northwestern Oklahoma

in Harper Woods, Woodward, Ellis,

Beaver County, that area.

Those are the areas that are now well below normal

not only just from 90 days but also up to 120 days.

Well, the reason why.

Well, it's pretty simple if we look at these

consecutive days maps from Oklahoma Mesonet.

First, the consecutive days with less than a tenth

of an inch of rainfall in any single day.

We're up to 101 days in the far western panhandle,

all the way up to 95 days for northwestern Oklahoma

and then of course that drops down to 60 to 70

to 80 days as we get farther east into I-35 territory.

And then some rains across the eastern half of the state

that didn't do enough to alleviate drought

but at least it gave them some moisture.

Our final map will be a look at the percentage

of normal rainfall for the last 90 days.

But as you can see for much of western Oklahoma,

we have percentage of normal rainfall

over that 90-day period of less than 10% of normal.

In some cases, it's zero percent and normal meaning they've

gotten no precipitation over the last 90 days.

And the best areas we see up across northeastern Oklahoma

and southeastern Oklahoma

are merely 60-some percent of normal.

So a really sad state of affairs

in the past 90 days across the state of Oklahoma.

So it's the same message every week.

We need precipitation.

We need snow, we need rain and yes, we'll take ice

if we can get it at this point.

We need the moisture that bad.

Rain would be preferable, snow would be okay,

ice, well, that's a pick your poison type of a thing

but we do need the moisture.

So hopefully we'll get that coming up

in the next couple of weeks.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

(upbeat music)


Market Monitor

>>> Some big reports came out yesterday, some of the first

of 2018 and Kim, let's dive into the WASDE.

What was in there?

>>> Well, there wasn't much.

It changed the expected in the WASDE.

They're on wheat, corn or beans.

It just more of the same as

if we deviate from that then we would have some prices.

If there's any price movement it'll be Monday

from the WASDE Report.

I think on that the world wheat stocks were expected

to decline just a little bit but we've got massive stocks.

It's gonna take some big changes to get some price movement.

>>> [Interviewer] Now another one

of the big reports was the seedings report,

was there anything in that?

>>> Well, that seedings report on hard red winter wheat

and the winter wheat plantings,

they was expected to down 8%, that's 30 million plus acres,

the lowest since 1906.

There's some chance it was gonna go lower than that,

and I think with these lower planted acres

and the big decline in the planted acres

over the last five or six years,

it puts more pressure on yields,

and yields have been offsetting much of it.

I think I saw one report said 28% decline in acres,

but you've had a relatively large increase in yields,

and so we haven't had that big a decline in production.

>>> So the wheat that is in the ground,

some of it was planned for cattle.

How does the pastureland look?

>>> What our producers are doin' is,

they're deciding what to do with those cattle,

you know, will they keep 'em or will they graze 'em out?

I saw one report that compared graze out to harvest,

and at 30, 32 bushels it was pretty straightforward

to graze out some wheat.

But once you got, if you could get up to 40 bushels,

45 bushels per acre, then it's leaning more towards wheat.

But we both know that the big determining factor,

is will we get some moisture,

and when will we get that moisture?

>>> So, another crop that people have been talkin'

about is cotton.

This last year was a bang-up year when it came to cotton.

Some producers are thinking about planting cotton,

is 2018 a good cotton year in your opinion?

>>> Well, let's get real here, a lot

of producers have planted cotton in this last year or so,

and are looking at planting cotton.

Cotton may be like grain sorghum last year, you know,

everybody was concerned about that,

raising grain sorghum because of the aphid.

It turned out that we didn't have that problem

and producers that planted the sorghum got a premium price

for it, because there was a shorter of.

You know, just an ol' thumb rule is, if everybody

and their dog's doin' it, it might be time to look

at somethin' else, and when people are avoiding an area,

or not planting somethin' it might be time

to go in and do it.

>>> So, if we were to look

into the Kim Anderson patented crystal ball,

what would be that magic crop for the summer to plant

that nobody else is looking at?

>>> Well, I'd look at grain sorghum, I would probably go ahead

and look at, if I was good at producing corn,

I would go with corn, I would go with

what I was comfortable raising.

Price will take care of itself.

Prices will come back up, they're going to be

like a thief in the night.

We don't know when it's comin', but it will come,

and if you don't have anything in the bin, or in the field,

you're not going to be able to take advantage of it.

>>> Speaking of something in the bin,

there's bins all over this place with a lot of wheat in it

and across Oklahoma the same thing.

How solid is the price of wheat right now,

and what will it take to move that price?

>>> Okay, what it's gonna take to move price

as far as stocks go?

It's gonna take some big losses of production

in the former Soviet Union countries.

Europe, Australia, Argentina.

You know we lost Australia this year.

We were lower production in the United States this year,

we were lower production in Canada this year

and we didn't get the price movin'.

So we're gonna hafta lose some crops

in the former Soviet Union area.

But I think what's gonna get our price up at least

to break even or above levels is quality.

Let's get back to test weight and protein.

We gotta have a quality product that the millers want

and if we get that, then we will get back to $5 wheat.

We've got the acres down, we'll have the yield,

but we gotta have quality.

The one thing that will take prices lower is low test weight

and our low protein.

Quality, that's what we gotta have now,

and that's the first thing we gotta have

to get prices higher.

>>> Okay, thank you much, Kim Anderson.

Great marketing specialist here at Oklahoma State University

and here's Brian Arnall to talk

about how soil nutrition can be impacted

by mobility of nutrients.


The science behind nutrient mobility

>>> When it comes to making fertilizer recommendations,

one of the important factors that we consider on

how we make recommendations is the mobility

of a nutrient in the soil.

Now, we have to start with the soil itself,

not the nutrient, but the soil.

So the soil itself has a net negative charge.

So if the soil particle is right here,

it has a negative charge to it.

As we know, like charges repel, opposite charges attract.

So, in most cases, we can look at the charge of a nutrient

let's say ammonium NH4(+), and it is a positive.

So we will have this combination

where the ammonium wants to sit on the soil particle

because it is negative and opposites attract,

so this is a positive cation being attracted

to the negative soil.

Now, I usually talk about nitrate as

being the most mobile of all of our nutrients.

Nitrate is N O three negative.

So we have a negative charge.

That's why they repel each other.

So the soil particle and the nitrate particle

repel each other and the nitrate stays in water solution.

So because it's in water solution

wherever the soil water goes up down sideways,

nitrate will follow and as long nitrogen

that is mobile is in the ammonia form

it will stay on or near the soil particle for most cases.

A mobile nutrient, if you have the plant roots right here,

my pretty plant here coming up.

We have the plant, there's the soil.

We have our plant roots.

A plant can access mobile nutrients

from a large volume of soil.

Everything that that plant can draw water from,

can reach it.

So our nitrogen recommendations,

our sulfur recommendations,

things like boron and others,

we make a recommendation based upon yield needed

because it is pulling in volume.

Now on our immobile nutrients,

that would be like phosphorus,

ammonium even but we're gonna focus on phosphorus,

iron, manganese and zinc and many of our metals.

We're drawing from an area that is really

just millimeters away from the surface.

So that means we need a concentration

of that nutrient in the soil.

So on yield we just need a total.

Where on our mobile nutrients we need

a total for the plant to use.

But on our immobile nutrients we need a concentration.

So that's why for nitrogen, sulfur and boron,

it's a yield goal based recommendation.

And for things like phosphorus, iron, manganese and zinc,

it's a concentration or a sufficiency.

For more information about nutrient mobility,

check up the sun up website at

(banjo music)


Livestock Marketing

>>> Derrell Peel our livestock marketing specialist

is here with us now and Derrell it's a new year

so let's start off with how the cattle markets are looking

you know as we start 2018.

>>> Well we're off to a pretty good start right now.

Cattle markets are pretty strong.

It's early in the year and it takes

a little while in January to kind of get a sense

of where the markets are post holiday.

But it looks good at this point.

We carried a lot of nice momentum out of 2017.

And that's where we're starting 2018.

So we're off to a good start so far.

>>> Let's talk about part of the demand

and international trade

and what the latest data shows about

beef and meat trade in particular.

>>> Well the most recent data we have

is for the month of November,

and it showed a continuation of strong beef exports.

They were up but not as much

over a relatively big number a year ago,

about three percent higher in November.

But the year to date for the first 11 months of the year

beef exports are up about 13 percent.

On the import side, imports were about the same

as a year earlier for the month of November.

For the year to date down about one percent

so again we've had good strong performance there

that's helping demand and helping

support these cattle markets.

>>> And then what about beef exports to China?

>>> You know we talked a lot about China

very excited about getting access last year

in the middle of 2017. It's a slow process.

If you look at the numbers,

we're watching them on a month by month basis,

and you know you look at it a couple different ways.

China was the number 10 beef export market in November.

But that was right ahead of the Philippines.

So it's a very small percentage,

about eight tenths of one percent

of our November exports went to China.

And for the year to date to was about

three tenths of one percent.

So it's a slow process.

I think it will continue to grow

we're watching it every month.

But I don't think China will probably be a major factor

in US beef markets in 2018,

I think it's farther down the road than that.

>>> And finally today the situation for

pasture in the Southern plains, pretty dry isn't it?

>>> It's very dry. It's been a real challenging year

for wheat pasture, you know.

We had to wait later to plant a lot of the wheat

to get past the army worms, by then it was dry.

Some of the wheat is still very small,

barely up in some cases, in other cases it got up

and maybe we grazed it a little bit

or in some cases we couldn't even graze it

because the root development was so poor

that it would pull it out of the ground.

And some of the cattle that were out earlier

have already had to move off

because we don't have any growth,

it's dry and it's cold now

so we're not getting any growth for the time being.

So all and all a pretty disappointing year so far.

>>> Okay, Derrell thanks a lot and we'll see you again soon.

(upbeat country music)


Cow-Calf Corner

>>> There won't be too long until the upcoming

spring calving season begins,

so now would be a good time to revisit

our plan of attack as we're working

with those cows and heifers at calving time.

And one of the things that I think we wanna consider

before that first heifer needs some assistance

Is let's plan how long we're going to wait

and watch her in the process of labor

before we actually get her up into the pen

or the calving area and do our examination.

That's a question that often arises

for cow-calf producers, how long do I watch

before I actually do some intervention

and see if she needs help?

There's research that gives us some guidelines

to work with on that particular topic.

The research was done in Miles City, Montana,

at the USDA station up in that neck of the woods

as well as here at Oklahoma State University.

This was reported clear back in the 80s

but I think it's still applicable for our cattle today.

What they looked at was the length of what they called

stage two of calving.

Let's define stage two.

Stage two begins when we first see the appearance

of the water bag or perhaps baby calf's feet coming out's

the first thing we see and stage two is over

when that calf is completely delivered out on the ground.

How long is stage two?

The Montana folks looked at both mature cows,

cows that had had calves before, as well as two year old

heifers having their first calves.

In the case of the cows that had previously calved,

the mature ones, the average length of time of stage two

was only 22 minutes.

I think that's shorter than most people would

have figured it to be.

For those first-calf heifers that had never had

that calving process before, the average length of time

for those that were going to deliver that calf unassisted

and end up with a healthy cow and a healthy calf,

that length of time was around 55 minutes.

Almost exactly the same as the amount of time

that we observed here at Oklahoma State University,

around 54 minutes.

I think the rule of thumb that we can use is that

if we've got a mature cow that is in the throws of labor,

we can watch her for a maximum of about a half of an hour.

If she's not making some real progress,

then we better expect that there's a problem,

get her up, do our examination

and apply assistance if necessary.

In the case of that two year old having her first calf,

we wanna watch her at least about an hour.

If she's making real progress with each strain,

then I would just continue to watch

and let her deliver the calf unassisted.

But if it looks like she's straining

and nothing's happening, chances are there's

a hip lock, perhaps the calf is coming backwards,

many different possibilities here that we

need to get up and exam her and see what the situation is.

One more reminder, if you get her up

and evaluate and decide this is a situation

that I don't know how to take care of,

call your local veterinarian as quickly as possible.

Time is of the essence.

We need to get that calf delivered as soon as possible.

One more thing I'd like to remind you about,

and that is take time to download our extension circular.

It's called Calving Time Management

for Beef Cows and Heifers.

It's e-1006, but you can simply go to the Sunup website,

that's, look under show links

and we'll have a link there to this particular circular.

It has a lot of information about working with cows

and heifers at calving time and helping you

end up with a higher percentage of live calves

that eventually you can sell at weaning time.

We hope that this will help you through

this upcoming calving season

and we certainly look forward to visiting with you

again next week on Sunup's Cow-Calf Corner.

(guitar music)


Passing the extension baton

>>> Now back to the extension conference.

It's a time of transition for the state agency

in more ways than one.

Today we're noting a distinguished career

and looking to the future.

>>> I was fortunate when I was the director

of Cooperative Extension at Michigan State University.

I served on the National Steering Committee.

Dr. Trapp came on that a couple of years after I joined it

and so that's when I first got to know him.

My first reactions were wow, what a curmudgeon.

This guy is, he's not gonna accept anything

that anyone says until he's kind of gone

through the nth degree with it.

But over the years, I began to realize

that really what we were seeing was

again, his inquisitiveness, his analytical skills

coming to bare on well what is the best thing to do

and as I got to know him, I began to realize

what a sense of purpose he has in the mission

of cooperative extension.

So we became to be really good friends

and respected each other as colleagues.

>>> He started out contributing a lot

to teaching and research.

I benefited from his leadership both as a department head

and in his extension career.

I think he used his analytical skills to help

think strategically about the path forward.

I think he was a great steward of our resources.

He's done a lot to help us celebrate our past

and also to build for the future.

>>> Basically what you're here for is to help people.

And to use the resources that you have to do that.

That's an enjoyable kind of thing, very rewarding I think

to the people in extension and very beneficial to the state.

But there comes a time to pass the torch

and to do a few things.

I'm looking forward to retirement.

Dr. Doye has been an outstanding faculty member,

extension faculty member and a great farm management

program, developed a lot of new concepts.

I think she'll do exactly the same thing in extension.

Certainly we'll provide all the assistance

and help to her that I can.

>>> Dr. Trapp's leaving big shoes to fill.

So I'm excited about the opportunity to serve

extension in a new capacity.

While I've enjoyed my career as an extension

farm management specialist, this is a way to contribute

in new and different ways.

So I'm looking forward to building on that legacy.

>>> She's not a whole lot different from Dr. Trapp

in several respects.

One is she's very inquisitive, very analytical,

she studies hard, she asks a lot of questions,

and tries to understand how is it working,

why is it working this way,

what are the issues and then start looking for

and how do we solve that.

>>> You can't find any better set of friends

than what you find in the extension system.

And the dedication that they have in the work that they do.

I'll miss extension, but it's still gonna be there.

I'm gonna be one of the people

using the services of extension.

>>> Dr. Doye will begin her new role on February first.

That will do it for Sunup this week.

Remember, you can find us anytime on our website

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone.

And remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at Sunup.

(guitar music)


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