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Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for September 9, 2017

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Winter crop planting
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Bluetongue in wild deer
  • Monarch update

 

(upbeat country music) 

 

Winter crop planting

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to Sunup.

 I'm Lyndall Stout.

 Producers across Oklahoma are getting geared up to plant their winter crops.

 And Joining us now to talk about it is our Extension Cropping System Specialist,

Josh Lofton, and Josh,

when we have these nice, cool mornings,

I guess producers really get itching to get those seeds in the ground.

>>> Yes, today is one of those days where we went to sleep and it was summer,

and then we woke up and it was middle of fall,

and that's kinda, when we get those kind of days,

and these really cool mornings, you know,

growers really start to get that itch that they wanna get this stuff in the ground.

 They don't wanna get caught with an early freeze.

 And so, we really have to kind of beat that back a little bit.

>>> What is your recommendation though,

in terms of waiting at least a few more weeks?

>>> Yeah, for canola at least,

we really have seen that last little bit of September

and that first of October is our prime time to plant.

 And we're talking, you know,

once you get until about the 20th of September for the northern part of the state,

that's usually your cue to really get everything,

get in the ground, get everything planted.

 And then it gets a little later when you get in the southwest.

 But that norther tier of once we get into the 20th of September,

you know, that's kind of our prime time that 20th to the 30th of September.

 Getting canola in the ground,

that allows the plant to get a lot of growth to it.

 We typically see our first freeze around November,

and we like to see six to eight weeks of good growth before that first freeze,

and so,

when we plant at that end of September,

we're getting that six to eight weeks with not getting too much growth.

 That's what we had last year when we didn't freeze until December

when we planted on time,

we got a lot of extra growth that we didn't need.

 But, usually if you do plant in that September, first of October,

that's where we see everything work out really well.

>>> In the meantime though, there are some things that folks can be doing, starting with working the ground?

>>> Yeah, I mean, depending on what you're going to be doing,

no till, conventional till,

right now is when you can kind of get everything ready,

get everything geared, and hopefully get a rain shower on top of it after that.

 What we have here behind us is a conventionally tilled field.

 If you were to plant canola in this,

 it's really rough if you look out across it,

and we like to have nice, smooth surface for canola.

 It's a smaller seed so we like to get that good seed-soil contact,

so to do that we need to get that a little smoother,

get everything packed a little tighter,

kinda everything broken up a little more than we have here.

 Our no till folks that now is the time to really get those pesky weeds that have really grown up during the summer out.

 That early good burn down, good pre-plant herbicide program is vital for canola.

 Remember, we brought canola into the state because we wanted to clean up our fields,

so we have to utilize our herbicides effectively to clean up those fields,

get everything ready,

and have a great canola crop going forward.

>>> Talk about pre-planting also in terms of fertilizer.

>>> Yeah, that's another big thing is that a lot of our fields typically will require a little bit of fertilizer up front.

 It's never too late to get a soil test in.

 You know, (mumbles) Lynne up here at the soil testing lab can usually get you your results fairly quickly.

 And we can go out with a nice, either a spread across the field,

a pre-plant fertilizer program,

or a lot of growers if they have a phosphorous deficiency,

need a little bit of nitrogen,

will go in with that end furrow nitrogen and phosphorous application,

which typically we see helps the canola get a little bit better growth early season,

especially if it is deficient in P,

and with that good, early season growth,

even if we do get one of those really early freezes,

kind of towards the end of October, first of November,

we usually have enough growth to get us through.

 And we're doing pretty good then at that point.

>>> And that soil test,

I guess, is always key,

and you can work through your local county extension office?

>>> Of course, that's something that the local county folks can get to us,

and that often have soil bags right there in their office,

so it can be a nice, easy transition.

>>> A lot of people asking, is canola worth planting after,

 you know,

some of their experiences the previous growing season?

>>> Yeah, I mean you're always gonna have ups and downs with crops.

 I mean we see, you know, that last year we had a lot of acreage that didn't quite make what growers wanted to.

 But we see right now,

I mean things are primed for canola to make a really,

really good return to the state.

 Prices is really good.

 We're having these good conditions,

and a lot of guys are taking their wheat to the elevator,

and it's not grading as high as they want it to, so…

Remember, it's that weed control option that really lets canola shine in the state.

 We can get really good yields.

 We can make really good profits,

but it's cleaning up those fields,

something that we don't have with a continual wheat production

that really allows canola to fit well into our Oklahoma system.

 It's definitely worth it.

 Growers should definitely take an eye out for it.

 Like I said, the price is there.

 They should really kind of run their numbers and really see that canola,

that price is prime to be really good this year.

>>> Okay, Josh, thanks a lot.

 We'll see you again soon.

 And for a link to Josh's latest newsletter, to to sunup.okstate.edu.

  (upbeat music) 

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> After a hot Labor Day,

September's thermostat has switched to the mild side,

highs in the 80s and lows in the 60s along with sunny days.

 So how will that effect crop maturity?

A graph of September degree day heat units at Weatherford

for soybean, peanut and cotton give us an idea.

 Heat units climbed for all crops since September 1st.

 They peaked on our warm Labor Day.

 Soybeans collected 30 heat units that day,

peanuts had 25 and cotton 20.

 Cotton has a higher need for heat,

thus the lower heat units collected.

 On September 5th,

the heat units collected dropped dramatically.

 Soybean had 19,

peanuts collected 14

and heat loving cotton accumulated

only another nine heat units.

 So days in the 80s, slow crop development.

 This comes after a cooler than average August.

 The departure from average air temperatures range from

two degrees in the southeast

to six degrees cooler than average in the southwest.

 Drier soils were more common on a September 5th map

of the percent of plant available water

from the surface down to 16 inches.

 Most of Oklahoma has not seen any significant rainfall in the last 14 days.

 The exception to that were the heavy rains in the green areas.

 Here's Gary talking about the big D again.

>>> Thanks Al and good morning everyone.

 Well, in classic mother nature fashion,

she's made a fool out of me on the drought.

 And it's not only mother nature,

but it's my home town of Buffalo in Harper County.

 Let's take a look at that latest drought map and see the bad news.

 Now, it's still good news for most of the state

but now we can see a little bit of the moderate drought up in Harper County

and far northwestern Oklahoma,

again near my hometown of Buffalo.

 I've been getting lots of reports of extremely dry conditions up in that area,

which means an addition of moderate drought to the state.

 We have a few good weeks there without drought in the state,

 just some abnormally dry conditions.

 Here we go again.

 Let's take a look at the 60-day rainfall map

and you can see why Buffalo and Harper County is under the gun.

  Just 2.2 inches of rain over the last 60 days

for Harper County and even though August was extremely mild for most of the state,

that July was pretty hot.

 Going back 60 days, that takes into account some of that heat during July.

 The drought impacts did get accelerated a little bit.

  If we look at that departure from normal for the last 60 days,

we see Buffalo is nearly three inches below normal.

 There are other parts of the state that were below normal as well.

 Speaking of our rainfall prospects,

if we look at the climate predictions center eight to 14 day outlook,

this is for the September 13th through 19th period.

 We do see, unfortunately,

increased odds of below normal precipitation across most of Oklahoma

and much of the southern through the central plains.

 The good news is, even if we don't see our secondary rainy season come into play here in September, October,

at least we should be getting cooler,

which will help keep those drought conditions abated,

at least for a little bit longer.

 That's it for this time.

 We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

 (lively music)

 

 Livestock Marketing

>>> We're here with Derrell Peel, our Livestock Marketing Specialist

and Darrel, it's early September.

 Is it still too early to think about grazing wheat?

>>> Well you know, some guys are always thinking about getting an early start on grazing,

but this year's a little bit different because we had such a cool, wet August.

 The wheat can go, there's already wheat planted.

 Often times,

this time of the year, we're fighting high soil temperatures

even if we've got moisture, but that's not a problem this year.

 We've got a lot of other forage growing as well.

 It's unusually green right now in Oklahoma.

>>> Yeah, there's a lot more potential for grazing and pastures this year,

why is that?

>>> Well, because of this early start

and the other forage we've got available, if producers want to,

you know,

we can probably pick up anywhere from 20 to 30 or more days on the front end of grazing

if we get started right now,

if that's something a producer chooses to do.

 At the same time, you know,

the wheat market has not been real good

and doesn't really look that promising for next year,

so I know some producers are already thinking about grazing out next spring.

 That adds about 75 days to the end of the normal winter grazing period,

and so when you put all of that together,

we have the potential for 220 or more days of grazing this year rather than about 120.

>>> You know, with all that in mind,

how's this gonna affect fall and winter grazing programs?

>>> Well I think producers need to think about this

and see whether there's things they want to take advantage of.

 You know, if you start early,

 it's gonna be difficult to have one set of calves that would go certainly all the way through graze-out,

if you're thinking about that.

 So, then you have some choices to make.

 You either have to try to get them really light on the chance that they might go all the way through,

or that you're gonna market them ahead of full graze-out or you might even think about two sets of calves,

where you start with some early this fall, you know,

turn them over in January and start with a second set then for graze-out, so more alternatives.

 You need to think about what you're interested in,

what's possible for you, and go from there.

>>> So what are some other things that producers can do to kind of capitalize on this great potential that they have?

>>> Well, you know, obviously we've got to be aware of market conditions on both the front end and the back end,

 and so, you know, when are you gonna buy?

What kinds of animals are you gonna buy?

What size, in particular?

You know,

the normal seasonal pattern for these lightweight calves this time

of year would be for them to go down from September into October

and maybe into November,

but, on the other hand,

when we have early forage,

sometimes we actually see prices hold very steady

or even strengthen a little bit in September,

so you've gotta be watching those factors.

 And then next spring,

you know, depending on which of these programs you might be doing,

you could be marketing the feeder cattle coming out of these programs anywhere from January to May,

so you certainly need to be watching those market conditions

and thinking about whether you need some risk management in place for that time period.

>>> All right, thanks, Darrell.

 Derrell Peel, livestock marketing specialist at Oklahoma State University.

 (calm music) 

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Every cow-calf producer wants to be as efficient as possible with their winter feeding program.

 For those with spring calving operations,

 one of the ways that we can be just a little more efficient

is by planning now to sort the cow herd 

into those groups that have similar nutrient requirements.

 As we go through the weaning process

and through other fall workings,

 now is a good time,

I think, to start putting together those groups of cows that best fit together.

 I have three groups in mind for those of the mature cows  in the herd,

the two-year-olds that had their first baby last spring are going to have their second calf next spring,

are certainly a group that I think we need to give extra special attention to as we go through the winter.

 We want to remember that they're continuing to grow.

 They have that extra requirement in terms of getting enough energy into them

so that they have adequate milk, 

repair a reproductive tract after the calf is born,

and have a chance to re-cycle, to re-breed, on time with the rest of the cow herd.

 And we want to remember that they're 20% smaller on the average than adult cows

and so they get bossed around and shoved away from the feed bunk

or the supplement fed out of the ground.

 Also, we want to remember, those two-year-olds

are going through that time in their life

when they're changing from baby teeth to adult teeth.

 That makes them a little more vulnerable yet

to keep body condition on them as they go through the late winter and spring months.

 Also, then I would consider a next group to be the old cows, those that are 10 years of age or older.

 They're beginning to get unsound in their mouth just due to age

and may be more prone to losing body condition

as they go through the winter months.

 We may like to get one or two more calves from them

before they're actually culled from the herd,

 but that means again that we may want to make sure that they have plenty of supplement available

so that they can maintain body condition.

That leaves the third group.

 That's those cows that are basically aged four years old to about nine years of age.

 They're already reached mature size,

they're no longer growing,

and they are the ones that should be able to maintain body condition

with just our normal winter supplement program.

 So that's three groups for adult cows, that we could consider.

 Many small cow-calf operations in Oklahoma

and across the southwest

may not have the pasture space to have three different groups.

 If that's the case,

consider putting the first two groups together;

those really young cows with the real old cows,

and then the middle group, that's the group that we can feed separately.

 I think this is something that we can do to help maintain the body condition

 in all of these groups of cows as efficiently as possible

with our winter feeding program,

just by doing a little sorting and putting them into groups that have similar nutrient requirements.

 Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week on Sunup's Cow-Calf Corner.

 (upbeat country music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Coming up on Tuesday, the WASDE Report's gonna come out

and Kim, what do you think will be in that report?

>>> Well right now, the pre-release estimates indicate that there's not gonna be much in it.

 You look at corn production,

they expected (mumbles) to about 14 billion even.

 Last month it was 14.15,

soybeans: 4.32 billion bushels,  4.38 last month.

  If you look at the ending stocks: wheat: 914 million bushels,

933 last month,

corn: 2.13 billion bushels,

 2.27, so made a little bit of move there in the corn.

 Soybeans: 439 million bushels, 475, so, you know,

a pretty drop in beans there.

 You look at the world expectations:

corn, about 7.8 billion bushels, down from 7.9, US right there.

 Soybeans, about 3.6 billion,

down from 3.6 actually 

about 20 million bushels there on the world market,

and that's just miniscule.

 Wheat, again another 20 million bushels down, 9.71 versus 9.73.

  So really not much expected on the WASDE next week.

>>> Now, in years past you've said that corn is married to wheat, or vice verse.

 Do we see that pattern setting up again?

>>> Well I don't know if they're married right now.

 They may be separated,

I don't know if they're divorced.

 I think there's some movement there; corn I mean.

 What we need to happen with corn

is for corn stocks to go down, corn prices go up,

then they're gonna marry, then wheat's gonna travel along with corn,

and that's gonna allow us to move a lot of this wheat that we've got in bunkers and bags.

 And then excess wheat in the bins;

we can move it out to the feed market.

 That's when they're gonna get back together,

and that's when they're gonna be married.

 Right now they're just, they're not divorced but,

 I'd call 'em separated.

>>> And of course with the hurricanes down in the gulf,

has that impacted cotton prices?

>>> Well you know, you read some articles that it's had some impact.

 Now I imagine it's had a minor impact.

 I think the big deal on cotton prices is the world cotton situations;

some lower production than expected in some foreign countries,

plus we haven't had the heat days in the great plains that we need to get cotton maturity

and  to get it to finish out,

and I think that's probably what's driving cotton prices,

more than the hurricane.

 Does the hurricane have an impact?

Sure.

 But I think it's minor, and it's short lived.

>>> Now back to wheat.

 Where do you think the…

 here we are in September,

where do you think the price of wheat will be in June?

>>> Well as you look out into the next year,

 you gotta take into consideration this massive increase in the former Soviet Union countries:

Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan; Abella, Russia is starting to export wheat.

 You know, you're not gonna pull that increased production out of the world market.

 And to get prices up to five dollars,

we gotta have world production at 26 billion bushels or below.

 Last year it was 20.7,

this year, 27.7;

this year 27.2  billion bushels.

 We gotta take a, we gotta almost take the US wheat production outta world wheat production for prices to get back five, six, seven dollars.

>>> Okay, thank you much.

 Kim Anderson, great marketing specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

 (upbeat country music) 

 

Bluetongue in wild deer

>>> Typically we see this disease pop up in late summer,

and there's actually several viruses that have very similar symptoms that are often lumped together and called Blue Tongue.

 Blue Tongue is one of them,

or one of the groups, but there's also a group of diseases called Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease,

and these are all usually lumped together under a group called Hemorrhagic Diseases.

  And they have very similar symptoms,

often you'll see deer acting feverish or have lethargy,

 they're hanging around water sources.

 Or they'll have abscesses on their mouth

or they'll have a swollen tongue, hence the name bluetongue.

 Fortunately this disease is not transmittable to humans.

 And while livestock can get it,

usually the symptoms are very very mild

so it's not considered a threat to livestock.

 So it's really just impacting the deer population.

 Lots of carcasses, fresh carcasses,

in late summer, July August or September,

 or if you see deer hanging around water sources

and they just don't act like they feel very good.

 They might be sweaty, feverish,

or they won't flee when they see you,

then you can call your local county conservation officer,

with ODWC and just report that.

 So that they have an idea of where those outbreaks might be occurring,

but beyond that,

there's really nothing that a land owner needs to be concerned about.

 But the disease is not a threat to humans,

the only issue is if you see a lot of secondary

or bacterial infections from abscesses around the mouth.

 You know that animal might not be fit for consumption,

but as far as the virus, it's not a threat to humans.

 You might see lower deer populations for awhile,

you know sometimes we'll see a 25 percent

or even greater reduction in animals in isolated populations.

 So it could take a few years before the deer herd recovers from that.

 

Monarch update

>>> [Kurtis] We're out here in the mowing research plots

with professor of integrative biology, Kristen Baum.

 And Kristen we met and did a story last year on monarchs and milkweed

how is that research been going?

>>> The research has been going great we've got 25 different mowing plots

and five different mowing regimes

from Stillwater going west on 51

and then also a few sites north on I-35

so it's a collaborative project between OSU and the Oklahoma department of transportation,

and we're looking at the effect of different mowing regimes on pollinator habitats.

 So focusing on monarchs

but also thinking about other pollinators like native bees

and the potential benefits for them.

>>> So let's recap a little bit.

 Why is that important,

why are pollinators important?

Why should people start thinking about that?

>>> Well there's been a lot of concern about pollinators,

there's been documented declines in the monarch population in recent years

as well as a lot of native bees as well.

 And so there's interest in figuring out what can we do to help pollinators,

 and so roadsides would be one area where we've got a lot of potential habitats

where we might be able to make a few modifications

and be able to provide more habitat for pollinators.

 And in particular, thinking about the resources they need.

 So for monarchs that would be milkweed as well as nectar plants

and the native bees,

you have nectar plants which they use for pollen as well.

 And then nest sites,

so bare ground or wood.

 We've identified I guess some patterns that we think are important in terms of generating milkweed regrowth

when we have monarchs here in Oklahoma.

 And then we're thinking about shifting gears

and focusing more on nectar plants

and other types of issues that we have on roadsides

 and then we're standing out here,

there's goldenrod,

the yellow flowering plant out here.

 And we've also got a little bit of liatris,

and both of those are well documented great nectar sources for monarchs as well as native bees.

 And we've got some native lespedezas

and some other species as well,

so again we got a lot of great resources

that just naturally occur in some areas along our roadsides.

>>> This is like something that could you know really help them

and bring them back to a thriving population, correct?

>>> Yes, so there's been a big push for thinking about milkweed in particular

and providing milkweed throughout the year,

and so that's one of the big issues.

 And so they're currently being considered for listing under the endangered species act,

and one of the considerations that will go into that listing decision

is what's being done on the ground now to support monarchs.

 So activities like delaying mowing in the spring,

that's gonna provide a lot of milkweed that wouldn't have been there otherwise,

would be a big plus.

 To supporting the monarch population,

and current predictions are that it has been a pretty good year so far for monarchs

so we could expect to hopefully see a lot during migration which I mean,

we're seeing some now.

 Some of those are producing the fifth generation so eggs and caterpillars that we'll see on milkweed now.

 But we should see peak migration,

usually it's end of September, early October.

>>> And that's something really popular for you know,

the public viewing as well, right?

I mean it's not just helping the, these pollinators helping eco systems

and this is something that the public can actually see

and you know take in its full beauty.

>>> Yeah and I think there's lots of events scheduled for this fall,

I know the OSU Botanic Garden has a tagging event as well as lots of other places.

 I think the Oklahoma City Zoo

and so a good chance to get out there and get involved

and help make a difference.

>>> [Kurtis] And if you would like some more information on the Botanic Garden event,

go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week,

remember you can find us anytime on our website sunup.okstate.edu

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

 We leave you today with a few more snapshots

of 4H members and county fairs from around Oklahoma.

 I'm Lyndall Stout we'll see you next time at SunUp.

 

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