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Transcript for July 22, 2017

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Recap of this years crop
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Forage Field Day
  • Market Monitor,
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Is Teff for you?
  • Women in Ag

 

(whimsical music)  (upbeat music)

 

Recap of this years crop

>>> Good morning and welcome to SUNUP.

 I'm Dave Deken, and we're coming to you from the South Central Research Station near Chickasha,

where producers are gathering for the Summer Forage Field Day.

 We'll have more on that later in the show.

 But first, we had the opportunity to meet up with David Marburger earlier in the week

 to get an overview of how the 2017 wheat crop turned out.

>>> Overall, I mean we had a pretty good crop considering some of the battles that we faced along the way.

  You know there were a few hard reminders for some producers along the growing season with some certain things that we saw

and to kinda start out at the beginning

we had some rain at the end of August that got some producers who were wanting to target more fall forage

given where the commodity prices were when we came in to the growing season.

 And unfortunately we were getting a lot of good fall forage at the time,

we had good soil moisture conditions,

but that was also good forage for fall army worm,

so we were battling that insect pest.

 Areas of Southwestern Oklahoma

and that earlier planted wheat on susceptible varieties,

we had quite a bit of hessian fly that we were seeing,

but overall the growing season got off to a pretty good start considering what they were facing earlier on there.

 And then kinda moving through winter,

it was a mild winter overall,

and we got the spring green up going pretty early this year, 

almost two weeks earlier than we'll normally see here in Oklahoma, 

and for producers who were grazing and were in a dual purpose system,

I think we limited ourselves a little bit on our grain yield potential,

because we were trying to squeeze out as many days of grazing as we could because it was so early and producers didn't think,

man I shouldn't be pulling my cattle off right now when actually given the growing conditions we needed to be pulling those cattle off

or we were limiting our maximum yield potential.

 Another hard reminder from this past year about nitrogen

and just nitrogen fertilizer

and producers want to cut inputs wherever they could given the commodity price at the time,

and unfortunately nitrogen was probably one of those that was on the chopping block

and not having that fertilizer out there probably limited us in some areas on our protein levels.

>>> As we move towards the next planting season almost already,

I can't believe that, what are some of the things producers need to be thinking about

whenever they're A selecting variety and B selecting a planting date?

>>> Great question, yeah it's already not too early to already think about the next growing season,

that's gonna be here before we know it, but yeah some of the things you just mentioned there.

 One, the variety selection.

 We've got all of our variety trial results up on the wheat.okstate.edu website if you're looking to try a different variety.

 Know what your variety brings to the table

and the things that you're trying to battle out in your field,

so low pH, different types of disease resistance, and then thinking about fertility,

going in to next year pH is usually an issue for a lot of people.

 Pull a soil sample, see where your P and K levels are,

you might not put anything down, a way to save some money.

 Nitrogen fertilizer,

I would, if we could put on some nitrogen up front,

that's gonna help us especially on the fall forage.

 I challenge producers to try an enrich strip.

 I know Dr. Arnall was really pushing that last year,

and he's gonna continue pushing that again this year.

 'Cause also trying to one get our maximum yield potential,

and two try to get us some adequate protein levels moving in for next year's wheat crop, and also scouting.

 Comes back to knowing your variety and being out there and seeing if you have insect pressure,

and then also the diseases, and if you have a variety like a Ruby Lee,

which is very susceptible to some of our foliar diseases,

be out there scouting and be willing to pull the trigger on a fungicide application,

help protect that top-end yield potential that a variety like Ruby Lee has to offer.

>>> [Dave] So really doing all the research now can help the crop in September.

>>> [David] Absolutely.

>>> Okay, thank you much David, and for a link to the variety trial results, go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

  (upbeat music) 

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Last week on the Cow-Calf Corner,

we visited with you about the importance of testing some of these summer annual hay crops, forage sorghums,

for the possibility of accumulating high levels of nitrate,

and doing that testing before we harvest.

 One of the things through the years that has been written about

and certainly present in some of the coffee shop talk

has been the concept of different times of day  that we harvest this having effect on the nitrate that's in the plant.

 And to give you some of the logic behind that, the thought always was that during the nighttime,

the nitrates were accumulating,

and then during the daytime when photosynthesis and plant metabolism was taking place,

that it would utilize the nitrate, turn it into protein,

and therefore lower the nitrate concentration throughout the day.

 Well, nothing to do but let's go ahead and test that theory.

 Several years ago we at Oklahoma State University

utilized five different farms across the central and western part of Oklahoma,

and what we did was take samples from a forage sorghum field on five different farms at two0hour intervals,

starting at 8:00 a.m. in the morning, all the way to 6:00 p.m. in the evening.

 And we did that all across the field.

 We had quadrants laid out to where we took samples from all over the field, the samples being taken  every two hours.

 Then we sent them all to the Soil and Water Forage Testing Laboratory here at Oklahoma State University

 to get the nitrate content that was in those forage samples.

 What we found, and no great surprise to me,

 was that there was tremendous difference in the nitrate concentration from the different farms.

 One farm, for instance, had an average of only 412 parts per million,

 which is virtually negligible, hardly any nitrate in the forages at all.

 One farm averaged almost 9,000 parts per million across all the samples.

 That meant some of those samples were in that area that we consider potentially lethal at 10,000 parts per million and above.

 But, as we looked at all five farms,

none of them showed any difference in terms of important differences by time of day.

 In other words, there was no advantage to cutting later in the day versus earlier in the day on any of the five farms.

 So I want to make that point real clear so that we don't have that false sense of security that by harvesting this later in the day,

that we'll suddenly be safe from nitrate toxicity.

 That's just not the case.

 The research proves that it just didn't change that much through the course of a day in any of those five fields,

so we want to keep that in mind.

 We still want to go back to what we talked about last week,

let's go ahead and test the crop before we cut it,

that way we'll have a better chance of harvesting something that'll be safe for us to feed next winter.

 We look forward to visiting with you again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 (whimsical instrumental music) 

 

Forage Field Day

>>> We're at the Summer Forage Field Day near Chickasha this week

where producers have the opportunity to learn about different ways to grow better forage in Oklahoma.

>>> It's been a long time that here,

 Oklahoma State University especially in the southwest, we don't have a field day like that,

showing how forage the new, and also some of the old ones are performing here in southwest of Oklahoma.

>>> We've had a great turnout for this Forage Field Day which is one of our first in many years.

  We're kind of highlighting what's going here at Chickasha.

 Other research stations have their unique qualities and Chickasha station is known for our forages.

>>> There are lots of new plants there,

for instance, now we are talking about Teff,

and we are showing here some plots that we plant some Teff,

and discussing how to manage that in the southwest.

>>> Right now we're showing our cover crops

which relates to a yield on our wheat grain yield,

so it falls in there because a lot of people like to use those cover crops as forages.

>>> I look at my pastures, they are dry,

and I plant those cover crops, they were pretty green,

why not I go there and graze?

I would say okay, might be a good idea,

but you need to think about toxicities.

 And also, how easy it is to establish cover crops after wheat.

>>> So it makes great sense to go ahead and do research

and develop data that supports our local producers,

and that forage base,

at times we've had it,

and then Oklahoma State has been through some changes

and we didn't have it, but we're coming back in full force,

and providing that research data in a more practical sense what the producers are wanting now.

>>> [Male Speaking] I am making here my research home,

like where most of my research is gonna be developed.

 This part of the state is pretty much a forage basin,

and also we have a great facility,

and I'm trying to take the most of this facility information for the producers.

>>> [Male Speaking] The purpose of this station in Field Bay

and this research is to fill that need of what producers are actually doing in the field.

 (country music) 

 

Market Monitor

>>> Crop marketing specialist Kim Anderson joins us now.

 Kim, funds have a little bit of a pessimistic outlook going forward,

things might have changed a little bit.

>>> If you look back a couple months the funds were short somewhere around 650 million bushels.

 In the last couple months they bought 1.3 billion bushels of wheat.

 There now and if you look at the hard wheat,

the Chicago soft wheat and the spring wheat contracts,

they're probably long around 650 million bushels.

 So they've changed positions.

 You could classify it as optimistic, but I'd say it was cautiously optimistic at the time.

>>> So what's been the price reaction?

>>> Well, if you look at the cash prices,

you'll go back to when harvest began in Oklahoma.

 Somewhere around 375.

 Somewhere in that vicinity.

 We peaked out of July 11th around $4.80.

  Hit $5 in a couple locations there,

and they backed off about 50 cents now to $4.25 to $4.30.

 If you look at that September Kansas City contract or KC contract.

 We're right at $5, and if we pop that $5 then we'll probably go on down,

but the prices are normally like a pendulum.

 If they're going up, they go up a little too high,

and they have to back off.

 If they're going down.

 They go down to far, they have to back off.

 So we saw that pendulum swing.

>>> So why did that pendulum swing?

Why didn't that price rally continue.

>>> Well if you look at the negative factors since going into the market,

we had to rally because of,

well the loss of the spring wheat crop in the northern United States and Canada.

 Shortage of protein wheat.

 Our wheat's a good milling wheat,

but it's short of protein.

  And so there's some negative factors in the market.

 If you look at foreign wheat production we had 2.3 billion bushels of wheat production in the United States last year.

 Just under 1.8 billion this year.

 You look at the hard red winter wheat,

we had over a billion bushel production last year.

 Less than 800 million this year.

 So we're lower there,

but if you look at the foreign crop, it's almost equal to the record foreign wheat crop that we had last year,

and I think the funds and the markets looking at this as excess amount of wheat.

 We've got lots of wheat,

we just don't have milling quality wheat,

and that's spelled out it by protein.

>>> Going forward, wheat's in the bin, producers are,

it's already time to start thinking about next year's wheat crop.

 What's some things that producers should start thinking about?

>>> What got us that dollar and a half price increase this year?

We were talking about it this time last year.

 We said if you produce a quality product prices will go up.

 We've got a product that's good milling quality.

 It's got some good test weight.

 It gives them good flour yield.

 We just need protein,

and we got a buck and a half increase in our prices from that.

 If we'd have had protein,

we'd have had another 75 cent 80 cent price increase.

 Looking forward to 18, produce a quality product.

 Get them test weight.

 Get them good milling characteristics, and get them protein,

and you're going to have $5 or $5.

5 to $6 wheat next year.

 As we said if they'll produce a quality product, they'll have a price next year.

>>> Alright, thanks Kim.

 We'll see you next week.

 (country music) 

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Good morning everyone.

 Al Sutherland is off again this week so you have me solo,

and of course we're gonna start right away with the newest drought monitor map.

 So let's see what we have.

 Well, you can probably tell it hasn't rained a lot if you're lucky you probably got a little bit of rain,

but lack of rain and summer usually means increasing drought or dry conditions.

 And that's exactly what we see this week.

 The abnormally dry,

that yellow on the map,

has increased in north central,

down into parts of central Oklahoma.

  We just got rid of that area a couple weeks ago,

So we're right back into the fire there,

and the D1 has increased just a little bit out in the panhandle,

and in central Oklahoma.

 So, changes going on in the drought,

with the lack of rainfall and the summer heat.

 We can see that rainfall.

 It's the 7 day rainfall accumulation.

 And you can see lots of white and light blue on that map.

 There are some good areas of green up in northwest Oklahoma.

 Custer county's got some rain.

 Look out there in the panhandle.

 Kenton got 4.69 inches of rain in just a couple of days.

 That's incredible for those folks.

  That's not only one of the wettest 2 day periods for them.

 That's also one of the wettest months in their history,

 so a lot of rainfall up there.

 No worries.

 And again some good rainfall up in northeastern Oklahoma,

and scattered around here and there.

Why is the drought still here?

Well, we showed last week that departure from normal for the last 60 days again this is through July 17th, 

we can see deficits of two

to as many as seven inches scattered about the northwestern half of the state.

 There are some green areas there

where they've gotten a little bit of en extra rainfall,

and of course the southeastern half of the state

 where they've gotten lots of good rainfall over the last 60 days

and so no drought worries there,

at least as of now.

 Now our concerns are how do these dry patches of weather translate to impacts

and as we can see in the soil moisture maps

its starting to impact us quite considerably.

 This is the one day average 4 inch plant available water,

basically how much waters in that soil for plants to use in the top four inches,

so the topsoil,

and basically the northwestern half of the state again

very dry to bone dry 

with a few areas where they've gotten some soaking rains,

but again that's a signal that there are impacts from the dry stretch of weather

over the last week to going out to 60 to 90 days.

 And then if we look down farther for the entire 32 inch column

from the topsoil on down,

 again we can see that northwestern part of the state,

down to southwestern Oklahoma, 

drawn down into central Oklahoma,

very dry,

so that soil column has been impacted by the  long term dryness again

down to 32 inches.

 So we need rainfall, what else is new right?

But unfortunately it is summer,

a time when evaporation does tend to outpace our moisture from precipitation,

so hopefully we can get some summer storms in here along a bit wider scale in the next couple weeks,

start to tamp down a little bit on this dry weather.

 That's it for this time,

we'll see you next time on the Mesonet weather report.

 

Is Teff for you?

>>> One of the stops at the summer forage field day was over this crop that's making its way into Oklahoma.

 It's called Teff.

 Now Heath, kinda introduce us to Teff.

>>> Okay, so Teff production, Teff management, 

actually was originated in Ethiopia.

  It's actually used to feed two-thirds of their population over there as a grain crop.

 We kind of started looking more towards as forage production.

 In this area

and I know Brian Hugh and Northeast, 

which is my counterpart,

 has done a lot of work with Teff over the last few years.

>>> What makes Teff so, such a great crop for cattle?

>>> Well, you know we're finding out more and more things about Teff

and how it fits in with a producers operation.

  But the protein is running around 16%, TDN's around 60, 62%.

  It's actually a pretty high quality forage hay 

that the guys are looking at in order to grow some fast hay.

>>> And one of the secrets to that is you really don't plants it that deep.

>>> Seeding depth with Teff, Teff is extremely small seed,

and so we've gotta be able to have a really good seed bed

prepared and ready to go,

and then basically plant that Teff around an eighth of an inch

so generally about  if its planted into good moisture,

or say we get a light rain within about three days  it's starting to germinate

and emerge  and it sits there for quite a while and it just kinda sits there

and all of a sudden it grows.

  And I think we're at that stage here right now where it's really taken off with and

really getting with the program.

>>> Now you planted this in the beginning of June,

is that the prime planting area, or is there?

>>> So Teff can be planted anytime after the last frost.

  Ground temperatures need to be high enough or warm enough in order to get it germinated and growing,

so the warmer it is,

the quicker it's gonna come out of the ground and germinate and start growing.

>>> Are you seeing more success with conventional till or maybe a no till program?

>>> Everything that we've looked at,

and Teff being such a small seed,

 we really need to be able to see the soil.

 If you can see the soil, then you're gonna get better emergence

and get it up and get it going,

so no till production systems I think can be done,

but we have to have minimal,

minimal residue out there  in order to get that established and get it going.

>>> [Dave] In some forages, there is nitrate issues, do we see that with Teff?

>>> So, from what we're finding out,

the literature says there's no nitrate issues with Teff management.

 We did have some trials in northwest Oklahoma

that did indicate some levels of nitrate into the samples.

  We're still evaluating that,

but just for me,

I don't, if you look at the plant and the way it grows and its characteristics,

 I just don't think it's going to be an issue.

 It shouldn't.

 I would say it's gonna be more similar to how you manage Bermuda grass.

 You know, if you are taking this to forage,

and we're gonna cut and bale it,

we've gotta leave three to four inches.

 Better to leave four of growth and not skim the ground.

 Because when we do that,

that pretty much eliminates our stored carbohydrates in that root system and it just wants to die,

it'll die out on us.

>>> So you can actually get a second cutting off of this.

>>> You can get a second cutting.

 And, if it's managed properly,

you may even be able to get a third cutting, but that goes back to different levels of management.

 Proper height cutting, fertility.

  Teff is pretty nitrogen-use efficient.

 When it comes to making the amount of forage with what nitrogen it has in the soil

or what you apply,

around 30 pounds of nitrogen will make a ton of forage.

 So, that's really efficient,

to me, being a summer annual crop like this.

>>> Efficient fertility, efficient moisture usage too?

>>> It has the ability to tolerate the drought,

along with the monsoon flooding that we will have here in Oklahoma,

so you kinda have those periods in there  that it's kinda suited for that.

 It will tolerate some standing water,

and it's gonna tolerate some drought and heat and stuff like that, as well.

 But the main thing is having some moisture there in order for it to replenish once we pull the tonnage off of there.

>>> Okay, well thank you much, Heath.

 For more information on Teff, go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

 (upbeat music) 

 

Women in Ag

Finally, today Kurtis Hair introduces us to a Tulsa County grower

that takes her freshly grown produce on the road to communities that may not have access to it.

 (traffic buzzing) 

(water splashing)

>>> [Kurtis] A mile or two outside of downtown in north Tulsa,

you'll find something out of the ordinary for a part of the city known for poverty

and boarded up buildings.

 A farm.

>>> It keeps away insects, too.

 So it's a natural defense for…

>>> This is Katie.

 She's taken advantage of the cooler weather the rain brought to pick some tomatoes.

>>> We grow a little bit of everything,

we kind of follow the season,

we do have hoop houses so we're able to grow lettuces and kales

and things like that throughout the winter.

>>> [Kurtis] Katie moved to Oklahoma in 2009,

and about three years ago,

her and her partner Scott moved on about five acres of land in north Tulsa.

 If it seems odd to start a farm in an urban area, l

et alone one of the more poverty-stricken areas in the city,

it's not for Katie and Scott.

 It makes perfect sense,

because they started their farm to tackle a problem that's spreading throughout Oklahoma.

 Food deserts.

>>> Food deserts in rural and urban places are across not only Oklahoma,

but the whole country.

 The issue with urban areas is, 

the lack of transportation is number one.

 If you don't have a car and the nearest grocery store is 10 miles away,

 it's really hard to walk to that grocery store.

 We're in the heart of one right here in north Tulsa.

 The quote that really got us moving was,

we were talking with a lady who said she had a easier time finding a gun than an apple in her neighborhood.

>>> [Kurtis] Katie came up with an ingenious idea.

 If communities don't have access to grocery stores,

why not bring a grocery store to the communities?

She and Scott turned a nearly 30 foot horse trailer into a mobile grocery store.

>>> [Katie] We go around the city,

we serve a lot of senior living facilities and disabled facilities.

 They really have mobility problems,

 it's not just transportation,

they have actual physical mobility problems.

>>> What we hope to achieve with this store

is to prove that there is demand and need and sustainable operation

for small stores in food desert areas.

>>> [Kurtis] The store has about 750 products,

 including fresh produce from Katie and Scott's farm.

 Scott says none of this would be possible without Katie.

>>> The thing about Katie is she just has a really big heart.

 Katie's passion about her community

and the place where she lives.

 She finds,

I believe, that doing this  is gonna make the biggest impact

on making our city a better place to be for everybody down the road.

>>> The mobile grocery store will hit about 18 locations throughout Tulsa.

 And all the work that Katie's been doing has earned her some significant recognition.

 The Significant Women in Ag program is a collaborative program between

the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry

and Oklahoma State University.

 And really its purpose is to recognize women in all aspects of farming from all 70 counties around the state.

>>> [Narrator] Oklahoma State Assistant Extension Specialist,

 Sara Siems, says the work Katie does is amazing and worthy of the Significant Women in Ag honor.

>>> Well, Katie, she's been in Oklahoma a relatively short amount of time working here.

 But in that short amount of time she's made a huge impact on both the farming,

food security, and food landscape of Oklahoma.

>>> It's really exciting that they're even doing this

and recognizing women in agriculture because it's really a,

in history dominated, you think of a man being the farmer, not the woman.

 So I think it's really great that attention is being brought to the hard work that the women are doing on the farm.

>>> [Narrator] Her work is greatly appreciated.

>>> It's a good idea, especially with people who can't get around well.

 I got a bad back.

 I lose my balance easily.

 That's why I have this walker.

 So for me to get up and walk around,

or get out and get somewhere,

it's sometimes very difficult.

>>> [Narrator] Michael King lives at Sandy Park Community Center.

 This is the first time Katie's store has made a stop at Sandy Park.

>>> It's a lot nicer for some place like this to come

and you can't get everything here of course,

but you can get a few things.

 And if it saves you just, you know,

one or two trips a week, it's well worth it.

>>> Tulsa County, I'm Curtis Hair.

 

>>> Well, that does it for us this week on SUNUP.

 If there's something on the show that you'd like to learn more about visit our website sunup.okstate.edu 

and while you're there check out our social media.

 From the South Central Research Station near Chickasha,

 I'm Dave Deken, and remember,

Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

 

 

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