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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for July 8, 2017

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • How do you know if there's enough forage in your pasture?
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Check the entire cow for ticks. They like to hide
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Vet Scripts

 

How do you know if there's enough forage in your pasture?

(guitar music) 

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP, I'm Lyndall Stout.

 We're talking grazing management today,

and how to get the most out of your pasture regardless of how much rain we've gotten in Oklahoma.

 We're joined by Alex Rocateli,

our forage system specialist here at Oklahoma State.

 About the Oklahoma grazing stick and how all of that works.

 And Alex, let's kind of start with the basics,

and why it's important to take measurements in your pasture each and every year.

>>> Well, as we know every year the weather changes,

right, you have more or less rain.

 So that's why I recommend that always we measure every year our pasture,

 because the forage amount that's going to be produced will change year to year.

 So if you keep your same herd every year

regardless checking the wet and how much forage that you produce you can under graze and overgraze your pasture.

 So that's why I recommend that you measure every year.

>>> Talk about the science of what happens in the pasture if you overgraze,

and also what happens if you under graze.

 It can really change a lot of things.

>>> Exactly, well, we don't want both of them.

 Because when you overgraze,

and that's the worst situation that we can have,

 year after year you can have your pasture completely depleted

and you need to come with your new pasture again by reseeding

or spraying for it's back.

 Now when you under graze,

what happens is you are losing profit because you could be putting more cattle there and make more money.

 Because when we under graze,

actually, we are creating lots of biomass at the top off the field  that won't allow new growth.

 So in this case we need to mow

or burn the field in order to decrease that biomass.

 So in both situations you can see that we have a loss.

 So that's why we need to sync our herd with the amount of forage that we are being produced.

>>> So to help producers figure all this out,

you and team have some tools,

including the Oklahoma grazing stick and the complimentary app.

 So tell us all about those.

>>> All right.

 So that's the Oklahoma grazing stick.

 As you can see here it's pretty simple.

 With the look of the yard stick with some tables

and formulas that we have.

 That is an indirect math that you measure forage.

 The most great math would be come here

and clip samples, dry samples, 

but this will take time, it's labor intense.

 So we come with the grazing stick that's not something new.

 The grazing stick is there for a long time.

 Exactly to make our life easier.

 So with the grazing stick what we need to do is to measure our plant height and canopy cover.

 And with that we go through formulas and tables, as I mentioned,

and we come with the amount of forage that can,

that we have in the field and also how many animals we can place in the field based on this estimation.

>>> And you and the team here at OSU have developed an app to work with the grazing stick?

>>> Right.

 That's true.

 That's the Graze OK app.

 The idea of the app is pretty simple.

 Instead of we say, under this end we do all these calculations

and look through those little tables what we do is we do the measurement,

we input those measurements in the phone, in the app,

and after we just select and describe our pasture in the app and that will bring to us all the calculations.

 So it's just to make our life easier.

 That's what the app is.

>>> Give us an example of some of the basic measurements you would take and then put into the phone.

>>> Right, firstly though I would like to say,

before even taking the measurements it's very important that we account all the variability of the field.

 For instance I would call this a Bermuda grass pasture.

 But you can see that you have some Johnson grass there,

and even other forage coming.

 So once we have the variability in the field just one measurement,

or pair of measurements, will not be enough.

 What we need to do, actually, is take several measurements.

 I would say take from 15 to 30 measurements.

And when I take measurements,

in each spot you are gonna take two types of measurement.

 The first one is plant height.

 So, to take plant height,

pretty much you find a spot that represents your field.

 And so, you are gonna measure the average height of leaves.

 As you can see,

I'm pressing my hand down,

and when I feel a little resistance that the leaves make against my hand

this is where I wanna do the reading.

 Like here, I would say five inches.

 Never take the highest  leaf or also,

if you have a place that's trampled don't take your measurements there.

 So, that is the most important first measurement.

 The second one would be grazing cover.

 It's a little more tricky how to do that.

 We are trying to improve and make that easier,

but that's how it is now.

 So, you just stick the grazing stick under the canopy 

and what you are gonna do is just stand in front of the grazing stick.

 And I would say that you are gonna look from mark inch one 

to mark inch 33,  and see which one of them are covered less than 25%.

 If they're covered in less than 25%,

we think that inch you're gonna count.

 So here, for instance, I would say that we have four.

 So, what you're gonna do is you're gonna subtract 33 minus four.

  In this case, we are gonna have 29

and if you multiplied that by 33,

we are gonna have our canopy cover in percentage.

 That's pretty much.

>>> And last but not least, you and the team are organizing a field day in a couple of weeks to look at Summer forages,

 have people out, and talk about some of the latest research in extension work.

 Tell us about that.

>>> Exactly right, I'm very excited about that because it's my first field day actually here in Oklahoma.

 This is gonna be Chickasha in the South Central Experiment Station.

 We are doing that in collaboration with the educators off the southwest.

 Where we are gonna be showing teff management,

we have demonstration plots,

and also research plots on Bermuda grasses,

different types of Bermuda grass, on sorghum-sudans, on pearl millets.

 We are gonna talk about also some sugar cane aphids problem,

when we are producing hay with those forage.

>>> Terrific.

 Alex, thanks a lot.

 And for more information on the fact sheet that Alex mentioned

as well as that upcoming field day,

and some how to videos on the Oklahoma grazing stick, go to sunup.okstate.edu.

  (upbeat music) 

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> July weather joined in the July 4th celebration with it's own fireworks.

 Lighting, thunder, rain and some flooding.

 There has been so many storms and so much rain,

many have been left wondering is this July or May?

Folks in the green areas had more than an inch with many Mesonet sites reporting more than two inches.

 Yellow shaded areas had more than four inches and red shaded areas more than eight inches.

 Fittstown collected 11 and 42 hundredths inches of rain from July 1st to July 5th.

 More than eight inches of that rain fell over a six hour period on Sunday,

 between 4:30 and 10:30 p.m.

  Over the first five days of July, folks in the panhandle missed out on the celebration and rain.

 The blue shaded areas in the West, South, and North collected less than an inch of rain through July 5th.

The heavy rain made early July feel like May.

June's weather mix prolonged some of that May feeling too.

 The biggest trend in June was the mix across the state at monthly average temperatures, winds, humidities, rain fall, and evapotranspiration.

 Parts of Western and Central Oklahoma came in close to the Mesonet 15 year average for air temperature.

 Moving to the East, the average air temperature for June was one to two degrees below average.

 Winds were below average in the pink shaded areas,

close to average in the white areas,

and above average in the blue shaded areas.

 Humidities in the green shaded areas were as high as 8% above average.

 In Central and Northcentral areas humidities were average to slightly below average.

 The above average humidities did not translate into higher rainfall at all nearby Mesonet sites.

 Rainfall for the month of June came in on the dry side for the majority of Mesonet sites.

 In the dark brown areas,

June's rainfall amounts were two, to as much as five, inches below average.

 In the dark green area rainfall amounts were two to four inches above average.

 At sites in the light green areas June rainfall amounts were typically an inch or more above average.

 The actual rainfall amounts for June range from a low of 0.62 of an inch at Kingfisher 

and Oklahoma City East, to 9.65 at Webber's Falls.

  Like beacons in areas of lower rainfall, Mayes Ranch, Butler, El Reno, and Chandler

stuck out with rain totals for June close to five inches.

 All of that added up to less water demand on plants for Mesonet sites in the green shaded areas.

 Grandfield's water demand was 3.3 inches below normal for June.

 Only four Mesonet sites, Blackwell, Foraker, Kingfisher, and Bixby

had water demands above average in June.

 Checking on soil moisture,

areas shaded brown are on the dry side for plant available water from the surface down to 16 inches.

 Elk City only had 8% of plant available water by July 4th,

and Kingfisher was in a dry hole at only 10%.

 Sites in the dark green areas have full soil moisture profiles in that top 16 inches.

  Thanks for joining us for this edition of the Mesonet Weather Report.

 (instrumental country music) 

 

Check the entire cow for ticks. They like to hide

>>> Last week we looked at the abundance of ticks moving in to Oklahoma and Justin,

we think of ticks on humans, but there's a lot of ticks that are on livestock, too.

>>> Yes, that's correct.

 When we think about ticks on livestock,

especially cattle, there's three main ticks we're concerned with.

 First is the Gulf Coast tick.

 That gets on the ears of a lot of animals,

and then you've got the Lone Star tick,

and also the American Dog tick.

 Out of those three, right now we have a lot of Lone Star and American Dog ticks that can be on animals.

 When you think about those, you don't necessarily see them.

>>> [Dave] Mmhm.

>>> So we're sitting by the chute system,

 if we're gonna think about how we're gonna look for these ticks,

usually you have to bring them up into a system like this to figure out how you're gonna even find these.

 The, for cattle in particular,

we're certainly concerned with the American Dog tick,

because it's involved with anaplasmosis,

and when we think about anaplasmosis, it's a devastating disease that can get into a lot of Oklahoma beef herds.

 Why American Dog tick is involved, it's considered a Dermacentor tick,

and so when you look at that tick, its life cycle, it's a multi-host tick,

so it gets on multiple animals,

and then eventually as it's going through it's life cycle it's gonna come into contact with a beef animal.

 And so as it comes into contact with a beef animal,

it's not a necessarily do we have a lot, do we have a little,

it's just are they infected or not.

>>> [Dave] Right.

>>> And so in the other issue with the American Dog tick it's what we consider a biological vector.

 So that means the tick is maintaining that anaplasma bacteria that causes the anaplasmosis,

and so the tick is very essential  of maintaining that pathogen.

>>> So when a producer is working cattle,

they should not only just look at the ears,

but also look at other parts of the cow.

>>> Yes, that's correct.

 Specifically, if they're gonna look for the Lone Star tick or the American Dog tick

they need to look around the jaw line, the brisket, and specifically around the udder region if it's a cow.

 If it's a stocker just kinda get in between the legs.

 Feel, usually what we can do is we'll feel a tick before we see a tick.

>>> [Dave] Oh.

>>> And so get down in there, kind of scrape with your fingers,

and as you feel a bump pull it out,

and then that usually tells you maybe you do have a tick issue.

 But it takes time,

so we understand why a lot of producers aren't bringing their animals just to check for ticks,

but if they have them up the areas they certainly need to look for is the jawline,

down through the brisket,

and kind of underneath their legs,

 and sometimes around their neck, 

and as well as under the tail head.

 If you have tick problems,

you know, some of our insecticides that we use for either pour ons or sprays will take care of a tick problem.

 Even some of our what we call indecticides,

so like your products sitting that control internal parasites will also take care of ticks,

for a short term basis, 

for about a three week period.

 So if you know you have animals that have tick problems bring them up,

treat them with some kind of either pour on or some kind of indecticide,

which is injectable or pour on and that will control your ticks fairly well.

>>> I understand it may not be feasible for a large herd,

but if you notice that you have say two or three animals that are starting to show ticks,

is it a good idea to just go ahead and blanket treat the herd? 

>>> Ah, yeah ideally,

because  even though you see the ticks on one or two animals,

the ticks are a pasture problem.

 So, what you want to do is probably treat your whole herd.

 Because if you just treat those certain individuals,

the ticks again are gonna get on those untreated animals because they're picking 'em up out in the pastures that they're at.

 This time of year is challenging.

 We know it's hot.

 A lot of people don't want to bring their animals up,

but if you see a lot of ticks on your animal,

it might be worth your while or even your labor costs to bring 'em up and get some kind of treatment on 'em.

>>> Talk about some of the resources that you have online to help with that.

>>> Yeah so, when it comes to ticks or other external parasites of cattle especially

we have a website called Livestockbugs.okstate.edu

and we have a section that's broken down by ticks, horn flies, stable flies, and we have information on there.

 The tick section,

we have pictures of the ticks,

we have even videos of how to properly treat for ear ticks on there,

and a producer can go on there and find stuff.

 We also have a database on there,

and it's a link that's called VetPestX, that we did it in conjunction to what we call multi-state group.

 The multi-state S-1060, and essentially what we did with this is developed a database,

so if a producer has a tick problem on cattle,

he can go to the database, and look through there and find every available product that he should apply, that's labeled for ticks.

>>> Excellent, thank you Justin.

 And for more information, go to our website, Sunup.okstate.edu.

  (twangy country music) 

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Spring calving operations that are growing some replacement heifers

have probably had them in the breeding season for about two months at this particular time.

 Well that signals to me that it's time for us to visit with our local veterinarian

and schedule a time to have those replacement heifers

that have been going through that breeding season this spring.

 Let's have them pregnancy checked as soon as our veterinarian is comfortable with coming out

and doing that particular process.

 The reason I think it's so important that we go ahead

and have a pregnancy diagnosis done on these replacement heifers is several-fold.

 Number one, in any given operation, 

we'll always have a few replacement heifers that there's something just a little bit wrong with them,

and chances are they didn't get bred this go-around.

  Let's identify them and let's get them out of our herd as soon as possible.

 We'd like to get them culled while they're still young enough

 to have a chance to be purchased and go on to a feedlot

and be fed out to be choice beef.

 If we do that now,

then we can receive a price per pound that is much better than if we wait throughout the winter

and find out next spring when all the rest of the cows calf,

that that one or two that had something wrong with them just didn't have a calf

and we have to go ahead and cull them as two-year-olds.

 And now they're going to suffer a big discount.

 So we've not only lost that particular price value in the animal,

we've also put summer grass and winter feed into them all through the next several months.

 So it's pretty important that we identify those replacement heifers

that didn't get bred this first breeding season,

get them culled out of our herd, save the money,

and we'll be just a little bit better off.

 Also, certainly I realize that reproduction is not a highly heritable trait,

but those heifers that were hard to get bred this first go-around,

chances are they will be difficult to get bred in the future, and their offspring, if they have some,

would also perhaps carry some of those traits.

 So let's get that particular low-fertility genetics out of our herd.

 We hope that you'll take time to visit with your local veterinarian,

have your replacement heifers pregnancy diagnosed as soon as possible,

cull those that are open, and I think that will help your herd in the long run.

 Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week on Sun Up's Cow-Calf Corner.

 (twangy country music) 

 

Market Monitor

>>> Well it was a great week.

 We got a little bit of rain,

we got to watch some fireworks, and we got a rally in wheat prices.

 Kim, is it going to keep going?

>>> Well, that's the big question that I'm getting, are prices going to continue?

My gut tells me that prices will probably go higher as we go out into the marketing year,

 but I think it's going to take a while.

 That $5.00 cash price limit is a hard limit to break.

 You know we hit that in some spots in Oklahoma,

and I think once we got up to that $4.80 to $4.90 to $5.00, we had quite a bit of wheat sold on the market.

You look at the volatility of what's going on with these prices.

 You know, you were getting 25 to 35 cent price range within a day

and so even in a day's time you can lose or make a lot of money just,

did you sell when the market was really down or when it was up?

But right now I think the market has went up.

 It's hit a very strong resistance level.

 I think it's going to churn awhile when it went up, had that 30 cent move.

 We gapped out that day.

 It's gonna go down, maybe fill that gap, that's about 40 cents down.

  So, I think we're turning around.

 If we can break that $5 cash, if we can break that, you know,

 about $4.80, I mean $5.80,

on the futures I think we've got some room to run.

 But, I think it's gonna take a little while to break through that.

 If we break through early, it'll keep going up.

 On the downside, you know weather turns on us in the foreign market and I think that's what they're watching now.

 The weather turns on us.

 Get good weather, get increased production expectations.

 We may have seen the high for the year.

>>> Take us back a couple months ago,

we were $2 lower in wheat prices and there was some doubts in the market.

 Is there still caution built into the market right now?

>>> Oh, I think there's caution and anytime you get a move like this.

 And you can see the uncertainty in the market with that,

you know, 35 to 35 cent price move even within a day.

 So, the market's, it's the weather.

 You know, policy comes policy goes but weather determines price

and you can't predict weather, you know?

I get a rain on 20% probability and we won't get one on 90% to 100%.

 So, there's a lot of uncertainty in the market.

 There's a lot of money in the market.

 We've got the protein problem in the market.

 We've got, coming into the year, a shortage of good bread milling wheat.

 We've got bread milling wheat production down.

 So, you know, we have a lot of wheat but we don't have a lot milling quality wheat.

 And the market doesn't know how the mills and the bakers are gonna handle that.

 And when the mills and the bakers figure out how they're gonna handle this crop,

then I think the market will settle down.

 And so, it's a wait and see project right now.

>>> Especially with only 40% of the world wheat crop cut right now,

there's still a lot of things that could happen.

>>> Yeah remember, our trend is normally set in late August and September,

and we're in early July right now.

 So, we've got another six weeks before we get a relatively good handle on what's going on in the world market

and then you've still got Argentina and Australia out and those are two big, hard wheat exporting countries.

 So, it's gonna take us a while before,

well I don't that the price will ever settle down.

>>> (laughs)

What should producers be thinking about?

Because they're a little happy right now wanting to sell all the wheat, is this really a good strategy to have?

>>> Well, I think the producers need a mechanical strategy.

 I think they need to set some price targets and some numbers of bushels they're gonna sell, if their price hits $5.

 Don't set it on even numbers.

 If the price hits $4.95,

I'm gonna sell so many bushels or I'm gonna sell so many bushels, by say, October 1.

 Whichever one happens first, sell it.

 Just make a mechanical strategy, walk it in the market.

 You may be selling at lower prices because you get triggered by date,

 but create a mechanical strategy,

get the emotion out of the market.

 If your decision's keeping you awake at night.

 Say, I'm staying awake because I just don't know if I need to sell or not, sell some.

 If you think it's gonna keep you awake because you sold some, don't sell it.

 Let your sleep, let your psychology determine whether you sell.

 Not trying to outguess the market.

>>> Okay, thank you much.

 Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

 And just a reminder, the 2017 Oklahoma Crops Conference is getting underway this week.

 With stops in Ardmore, El Reno, Alva, and Afton and for more information on those go to our website, sunup.okstate.edu.

 (upbeat music) 

 

Vet Scripts

>>> Trichomoniasis is a disease that occurs in cattle.

 It is caused by the organism tritrichomonas foetus,

it is a protozoan that infects the reproductive organs of bulls and cows.

It results in infertility in the cow.

 We've had regulations in place for several years for bulls that enter the state of Oklahoma

and for the change of ownership of bulls within the state of Oklahoma.

 But in September of this past year,

there is some new regulations that have been put in place by the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture Food & Forestry.

 Female cattle that are exposed to a known positive trich bull

can only change ownership if they are officially identified and they fall into one of five categories.

 If they been pregnancy diagnosed to be four months or greater by an accredited veterinarian they can change ownership.

 They can be sold for slaughter

or they can be sold to a feed lot and fed for slaughter.

  They can also change ownership

if they have a newborn calf that is less than 30 days of age

and they have not been exposed to a positive trich bull during that 30 days.

 And lastly, if those cows have not been exposed to a bull for over six months, those animals can also change ownership.

 If you'd like some more information about trichomoniasis.

 If you'll go to sunup.okstate.edu, there'll be a fact sheet that you can look at there at the website.

 (upbeat music) 

 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

 Remember, you can find us anytime at our website sunup.okstate.edu,

and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

 I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone.

 And remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

 (upbeat music)

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