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Oklahoma State University
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Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for June 24, 2017

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Oklahoma's 2017 wheat harvest
  • Wheat Harvest Delayed
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • 2011 Wheat Harvest
  • Wheat Harvest: First to the Billing Elevator
  • Market Monitor
  • Wheat Harvest

 (guitar music)  (upbeat music) 

 

Oklahoma's 2017 wheat harvest

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to Sunup.

 I'm Lyndall Stout.

 Oklahoma's wheat harvest is starting to wind down,

and for an update on how things went this year,

we're joined by David Marburger, our Extension Small Grain Specialist.

 And David, why don't we just kinda start with an overview of how things went around the state.

>>> As you mentioned Lyndall, harvest is starting to wind down.

 For the most part, when we look at Oklahoma,

we're probably over three quarters of the way done,

and actually in southern Oklahoma, south of I-40, we're pretty well done there.

 We're venturing into Central and North Central Oklahoma.

 It's actually getting on the back ends there too, starting to wind down.

 The harvest out in the Panhandle is really starting to pick up.

 Last week, the warmer temperatures, dry air, it's really pushed things along quickly out there,

and so harvest is getting up and going out in that particular region,

but for the most part,

we've been moving along pretty well throughout the state with harvest this year.

 Overall, pretty good conditions.

 We did run into some rainfall events here

and there in some certain areas, so in a few areas such as West Central Oklahoma,

they got delayed a little bit because of some of the rain.

>>> Let's talk about quality and kind of what we've been seeing at the elevators once the wheat's been delivered.

>>> So, well, biggest thing a lot of people are always interested in is yield.

 Yields have kinda all over the board, depending on where you're at.

 Seeing yields within the mid-teens to mid-twenties,

but a lot of yields coming in the mid0thirties, mid-forties.

 Other yields are coming in a to better than that, fifties, sixties, pushing even 70 bushels per acre.

 Test weight for the most part has been hanging in there.

 Earlier reports were coming in, test weights above 60 pounds per bushel.

 As we've kinda gotten delayed in some of those areas

because of some of the rainfall, the test weights are starting to drop a little bit,

but still, overall test weights, pretty good, in the high fifties for the most part.

 Early reports on some of the other quality characteristics we think about,

protein, a lot of protein levels coming in at about that 10.5 to 11.5 percent range.

 It's not to say that we haven't had some grain samples come in with better protein than that, but overall,

kinda been a little bit lower than where we'd like to see it,

which was what we kinda expected when we were going in to harvest this year.

 So as we continue to finish up harvest, we'll see where we kinda end up in terms of quality.

 We'll get some of those samples sent in to start looking at some of those other quality characteristics as well,

and see how that's been fairing based on the grain samples we've been getting this year.

>>> We're standing here in the variety test plots,

and they've been harvested.

 You have these around the state.

 You have some data that's coming in,

and you and the team are putting that together.

 What's the progress on that?

>>> Absolutely, so we've got a number of locations that span basically across the Wheat Belt, within Oklahoma,

then out into the Panhandle region,

and we can't forget about the Northeastern Oklahoma,

and we have four sites out in the Panhandle Region right now,

those are our only sites which are remaining,

but for the remaining locations, there's about 15 of em around the state,

those have been harvested,

and those results are actually available on the homepage of the wheat.okstate.edu website.

>>> Okay, and it's a good thing for producers to kinda take a look at between now and planting time,

so they can make some decisions about what kinda seed they may want this coming year.

>>> Absolutely, lot of different varieties in the trials this year.

>>> And just like the individual farm, there's lots of specific decisions to make, or even the individual wheat field.

>>> Yes.

>>> Let's talk about some of the other work, speaking of science,

that you and the team are doing and some of the conferences

and meetings that are coming up later this summer that folks can take part in.

>>> Yeah, so I just wanna put a quick plug in for this summer.

 We've got a few more meetings that are gonna be coming up.

 Our summer crops conferences that Dr. Lofton and I are working on trying to compile for this year.

 We've got four different locations set up for this year,

so it's gonna all take place about mid-July, and the goal at these conferences are to provide growers with information based on

the certain types of cropping systems within those particular areas.

>>> And we want to just say congratulations to you and your wife on the arrival of your new baby boy.

>>> Yep, yep so my wife and I had our first child, Caleb.

 He was born on May 22nd, so right before harvest got started.

 So he's four weeks old now and he's off to a good start,

growing like a weed and changing and we're having a lot of fun with him.

>>> Terrific.

>>> Thank you.

>>> Congratulations, David.

 For a link to the conferences and to the variety test plots that David mentioned go to Sunup.okstate.edu

If you wanna go ahead and mark your calendar now for one of the upcoming crops conferences here's a look at the dates.

 July 10th in Ardmore,

 July 13th in El Reno,

July 17th in Alva,

and July 20th in Afton.

 The meetings are open to the public and there's no charge to attend.

 (upbeat music) 

 

Wheat Harvest Delayed

As part of this week's show we're feeling a little bit nostalgic

and taking a look back at some of our favorite Sunup harvest stories.

 We hope you enjoy them.

  After a quick tune-up

and a few other adjustments both combines are moving again at the Wedel Family Farm near Cordell.

>>> We're just a little bit south of dead center of Washita County.

>>> [Announcer] Gary Wedel is the patriarch.

 He manages the cattle side, son, Jared, is Gary's business partner and oversees wheat production.

>>> So this year compared to last year we're cutting seven to eight times as many acres of wheat and we'll take in 20 times the bushels.

>>> [Announcer] And this year they have quite a crop.

 The Wedel's planted about 4,000 acres total much of it for grazing cattle.

>>> I mean we're making 10 to 12 times the bushels we had last year and we cut a lot more acres too.

>>> Oh it's about 90% more than last year.

 Like this particular field,

the adjustment on it last year for insurance was under two bushels an acre

and it's probably making in the low to mid 30s maybe

and it's not as good of wheat as we've got but it's a very bountiful harvest compared to last year.

>>> We basically didn't have a harvest last year.

>>> [Announcer] Debbie Wedel is Gary's sister.

 She's also a spokeswoman for the Oklahoma Wheat Commission and is happy to be back helping out the harvest crew.

>>> I was home for two days last year for harvest

and I'll probably be here for three weeks this summer.

>>> [Announcer] Spirits are high but last Fall different emotions entirely.

 In the middle of record drought many Oklahoma producers dusted in their wheat seed at planting time

and kept their fingers crossed for rain.

>>> Somewhere around the 15th to 20th of October

we got a two inch rain

and it just made it and then about a week later we got a small rain where all the wheat could come up without getting crusted over and it was just perfect.

 We're really, really lucky.

>>> Even that first rain two weeks ago when everybody started harvesting it was slow,

it was a day and a half, it was anywhere from an inch to two inches around here,

and it was perfect.

 It didn't make a mess.

 We were back in the field two days later.

>>> [Announcer] And they've been rolling steady ever since.

>>> The day before yesterday we went from nine o'clock in the morning until about one o'clock at night.

>>> [Announcer] Nathan Kaiser is the Summer hand who runs the second combine along side Jared.

>>> [Nathan] I graduated on Sunday and I drove down Monday.

>>> [Announcer] It's Nathan's first harvest and he's hooked.

>>> No, I had no idea how to drive a combine a week ago.

>>> [Interviewer] What have you learned?

>>> Keep the header out of the dirt

and when you go down the hill you push down on the header

and when you go up the hill push back up.

>>> [Announcer] Come Fall though Nathan will be a college freshman planning to minor in Ag biology

>>> ß A repizone condition home, I knew it from the start.

>>> [Announcer] With a major in in vocal performance

he gets some singing time in as he navigates the wheat rows

and sometimes running both machines in the same field requires special arrangement.

>>> Well since he's kind of new at it we're trying to,

you know, master a few things but we're getting it figured out and we kind a I usually have him cut over here

and I'll cut over here and stuff and usually we kind of meeting in the middle and when we meet in the middle the field's done.

>>> [Announcer] And soon the entire harvest will be done.

 With nice wheat, high yields, and decent protein levels dad, Gary, is pretty pleased with son, Jared's first full wheat crop as the guy in charge.

>>> He's really grown up.

 He's went to Stillwater and got him an education.

 He's come back now and I couldn't achieve

and I couldn't operate what we're doing without him to take charge and do a fine job at it.

  (upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Cow-Calf producers everywhere will be keeping some replacement Heifers around to go into their herd for future production.

 Growing replacement Heifers is something that there's some real management decisions involved.

 Whether we're going to grow these Heifers at a pretty rapid rate,

 say at about two pounds per head per day between weening and their first breeding season, 

So that they're all big enough and in good enough body condition to where we have a high percentage of them cycling at the start of that breeding season

versus a program that may be low input, loser costs,

growing them at a much lower rate of gain

and in that case we're going to need to keep more heifers around

because we'll have a lower percentage of them cycling at the start of the breeding season

and in that situation, we basically let Mother Nature choose our replacement heifers

because then we would keep the ones that become bred and sell the ones that did not achieve a pregnancy in their first breeding season.

 As we're making that decision as to how we're going to develop replacement heifers,

I want you to remember some details about genetics.

 Through the years reproduction has always been listed as one of the lower heritability traits.

 By that I mean that some estimates as low as zero to as high as .28  or 28% of the differences in reproductive capabilities being due to genetics.

 The rest of the differences are due to the environment,

the management portion of this that we have some control over.

 Most recently, Iowa State University did a rather extensive study with 3,144 heifers coming from five different states, six different herds,

and they followed those heifers through to where they could learn more in detail about the heritability of reproductive traits in beef heifers.

 What they found was that the heritability for what they call pregnancy rate

and they found the heritability was only .13 or 13%.

  That leaves 87% of the differences due to our management decisions.

  When they looked at what they call the first service conception rate

that proportion of the heifers that bred at their first attempt,

whether it's AI or the first breeding of a bull,

the heritability of that was extremely low at .03 leaving 97%  of the differences in first service conception rate being due to management.

  So, as we're thinking through which strategy we're going to use

and whether we think in the long term we're having a real impact on the reproductive capability of our herd,

I think we wanna remember the low heritability

of these traits that affect reproduction in cattle

and maybe reconsider the fact that management,

or the way we feed the heifers,

the kind of weather conditions in which they're bred,

the fertility of the bull, the success of the AI technician,

all of these have a much bigger impact on the reproductive success of replacement heifers than do genetics.

 We hope that helps you and we sure look forward to visiting with you again next week on Sump's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

2011 Wheat Harvest

>>> [Voiceover] After a good week to ten days of waiting for dry enough conditions, Jeff Wright is cutting wheat.

>>> [Ghost Voice] It's a challenge.

>>> [Voiceover] A field of Gallagher,

 a popular variety developed by Oklahoma State University

and distributed to growers through a partnership with Oklahoma Foundation seed.

 As for this year's crop,

>>> I think we'll have seed wheat but we're gonna be rather tight supplies.

 We're gonna have some varieties of Foundation seed that we'll probably have to allocate,

 but others I think we may have just enough.

>>> [Voiceover] The rain delays mean lower test weights

and motivation for grasses and weeds to grow in these thin stands

making it more difficult to cut which is a common sight around Oklahoma.

>>> This field is very accurate of what I've seen across the state.

 You know, we've had some good ones and we had this one that's I'm guessing it's 15 to 18 bushels.

>>> [Voiceover] From Chickasha to the south, Newkirk to the north, Sayre to the west and Okmulgee to the east,

the fields Jeff and his team oversee cover a pretty big swathe of Oklahoma wheat territory.

 They'll all be harvested.

  From here, the wheat's headed back to headquarters at Stillwater

to be cleaned, stored and bagged so it's ready for fall planting.

>>> Just to make sure we've got pure variety

when we sell a bag  of Gallagher seed to the farmer this fall he knows it's Gallagher because that's what we put on the bag.

>>> [Voiceover] Meanwhile three counties to the southeast a similar harvest for Paul Front and his father, Ralph.

>>> The weather has played havoc with me in the last two weeks.

 A situation where we would get a shower maybe every night or every third night.

 Just enough to really put a dampener on harvest.

 And really aggravates you into the fact that you could not get a crop that you had babied along and got it this far and then get it to the bin.

>>> [Narrator] They grew 600 acres of wheat but are only cutting 150.

 On a good year the Endurance variety would yield 45 to 65 bushels per acre.

>>> I'm hoping this will be the worst field.

 We're thinking this field's gonna be in the mid to high teens.

 The rest of my fields, we've got a prediction somewhere in the low 20s.

>>> [Narrator] Paul says he'll make up the difference this year with other crops and a diverse business plan.

>>> Everything in farming has its ebbs and flows.

 After the fall and winter that we've had I guess it's amazing that we've got a crop at all and we are harvesting.

 I know for a fact my grandfather chased dirt across these fields back in the 30s and the 50s.

 So I don't know whether he harvested a crop in 52 or 54,

but I guarantee you he would have  had a lot worse shape than what we are today.

>>> [Narrator] But thanks to modern farming practices it's a different picture all these years later.

 What hasn't changed is the need to work right alongside Mother Nature.

>>> There is some family tradition there,

but there also is a drive within people like myself  that want to nurture plants and animals.

  By doing that we continue to hold on and do the things that we do,

and try to figure out better ways of doing it so that we can put in another seed next season and start all over again.

 (lively cheerful music) 

 

Wheat Harvest: First to the Billing Elevator

>>> [Narrator] Things are pausing for a moment.

>>> Improvising on the farm.

 (laughs) 

We do a lot of that, it seems like.

>>> [Narrator] For what turned out to be

(truck engine slowly starts) 

just a fuel line.

  This is Pete.

  His brother Chance is still cutting while Pete is fixing the wheat truck.

  They were paused, but not stopped.

  Now the old wheat truck is back in business and Pete is back in the place that he loves,

the driver's seat of a Gleaner combine.

>>> I'm the fourth generation.

 My dad Bob was farming all this prior to that.

  And then my grandpa Rex was prior to him and then Andrew was the original Matthiesen that came to Oklahoma.

 He immigrated from Denmark to Beloit, Kansas 

and then in a land run he came down and settled with our home place.

 Then he built the house and the barns and that's been the main operation since the land run.

 This year I've got about 850 acres of wheat.

 I haven't added tickets yet

but the Ruby Lee side of it I think it's gonna be in the upper 40s

just based off the number of trucks we took to town.

>>> This one is my favorite, the red one is my nemesis.

 His grandpa bought it brand new so it's had a lot of drivers and I actually didn't even know how to drive a standard.

 So Pete's dad and his brother Trenton taught me how to drive a standard.

 It's a big deal in a little town,

whoever brings in the first load of wheat gets to be in the paper,

and for years it was always a certain family so last year

and this year we got to do it.

 It's pretty exciting.

>>> [Narrator] This fourth generation of Matthiesen knows that they're growing a wheat crop on these acres in northern Oklahoma.

 But they're also digging the roots of their family deeper into the red dirt that they love.

>>> [Pete] Chance and I have been cutting wheat and doing this,

gosh, since we were nine years old.

 My dad started us out on the grain cart when we were nine.

  So the two of us have been doing this together for quite a few years.

 It's fun just to get out and be out in the field working with each other.

 My son will turn 10 in September

and I think next year he'll be mature enough that he can get out and start helping with the grain cart.

 I would be very blessed if him or my daughter Lily want to do this when I'm old and retired

and I can sit out like my granddad did in a chair and drink tea and watch.

>>> [Dave] In Noble County, I'm Dave Deacon.

 (twangy country music) 

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist is here now, and Kim,

as we've heard already,

the Oklahoma wheat harvest is pretty much winding down.

 The big question, did the crop meet expectations this year?

>>> I don't think it did.

 I think our yields were probably slightly less than we expected them to be.

 Our test weight is probably higher than we hoped it would be,

and ironically enough,

I believe we've got probably higher average protein than we thought we would before we went in to harvest.

 If you look at test weights, they're probably gonna average 60 pound plus,

and that's real good, and hopefully, we got good milling-quality wheat.

 You look at the protein,

I was talking to a couple of elevator managers before the harvest,

and they were hoping that we'd have 10.6 or better protein.

 I think we'll probably get 10.8 to 11 on the average, so our protein is higher than expected.

 So, no, we surpassed expectations this harvest, and I think that's a good thing.

>>> Since late April, wheat prices have been kind of on an uptrend of about a dollar.

 Everyone wants to know, will this continue?

>>> I'd like to know that, too.

 I think it's hit an upper limit.

 You know, we're watching that July contract at KC, July.

 We was talking about $4.75, $4.80.

 We went up and hit that $4.80, bounced back off of that.

 I think the market is evaluating the hard red winter wheat in the United States,

we got a pretty good handle on what it's gonna be like.

 We're watching that spring wheat up there,

but right now, it's just a flip of the coin whether it's gonna go up.

 Right now, it's gonna wait 'til it gets additional information.

>>> Let's talk about Oklahoma wheat crop being in the bin, and what market factors could influence prices from here.

>>> That additional information we were talking about.

 The big thing we've been hearing about is the spring wheat up in the Dakotas,

losing that crop up there.

 The Canada hard spring wheat with that high protein is coming in.

 The expectations are declining, so that's been positive for our prices,

so the market's gonna continue to watch that.

 Then our foreign wheat crop, if you look at around the world, the U.S. crop's projected to be about 21% less than last year,

but if you look at foreign wheat, it's expected to be maybe one or 2% less than last year.

 So, we're watching that crop.

 Then, if you look at the exporting countries for hard wheat, 

Argentina, Australia, Canada, the United States, 

you look at those countries and production is probably gonna average about 10% less than last year.

 So, that's our expectations.

 So, if we can get lower production on total foreign wheat,

lower production on the hard wheat producers, then the prices will continue to go up.

 We get above average production on those, it's gonna go down.

 Remember, our trend is set in the late August, early September,

or September, time period.

>>> Naturally, there's gotta be some renewed optimism, if you will.

 So, with that in mind, should producers store or sell?

>>> I'm saying don't get greedy.

 You've got a dollar rally since late April, I think you need to take advantage of some of that.

 Will it go up or down? We said that's a 50-50 chance.

 I'd sell it.

 Do a third now, a third September, October, the final third November, December, or another way to do that is, if you can afford some risk, sell 15-20% now,

and then as you, every, I'd say, every 20 to 30 cent rally,

sell a little more wheat and just as it rallies on out because if you have an uptrend,

remember, you'll get a little, you'll get a nice run out, 20, 30 cents,

 then you'll drop 10 to 15 cents down, then you'll get another rally, and it'll just ratchet itself up.

 Also, it ratchets itself down.

 So, we gotta watch that.

 So, I'd stagger it in the market.

 That's the type of strategy I'd have this year.

>>> Alright, Kim.

 Thanks a lot.

 We'll see you next week.

 And now we want to continue with some of our SUNUP best (mumbles) stories.

 

Wheat Harvest

You could call them priority number one and two.

 Brothers Jagger and Jarron Dow, ages four and almost three.

 Who you been riding with?

>>> Papa Rod.

 Papa Herschel and Boe.

>>> [Reporter] They are the sixth generation to learn the ropes of wheat harvest right here on the family farm in Garfield County

just east of Enid, Oklahama.

>>> They do tell me what to do.

 (laughs)

>>> [Reporter] Producer Rodney Timm is their grandpa.

>>> Took 'em out and showed them the wheat heads and how the grain was developin'

and stuff and now they just go out there and they check it their selves and stuff so.

 They've learned a little bit.

 He tells me if I'm skimpin' in the field or something like

>>> They're pretty sharp.

>>> [Reporter] Rodney's cutting 3,700 wheat acres.

 And these little guys are part of his harvest crew.

 Just like Rodney was once with his own grandpa and his dad, Herschel Timm.

>>> I retired about 10 years ago supposedly.

>>> [Reporter] Now, Herschel's back running the 2nd combine.

 The Timm's combine started rolling May 31st.

 A good two weeks earlier than normal.

>>> Usually we stop 9:30 or 10:00.

>>> [Reporters] Meals are packed up and served in the field.

 Rodney's wife, Dina, brings the food right out the combine just like his mom used to do.

>>> And my grandma before that.

 So.

 It's always been the same thing.

 We're just kinda passin' it on.

>>> [Reporter] Who brings you dinner in the field?

>>> Grandma Dina.

>>> Well, it just makes all the difference in the world.

 That's just what we've

>>> Every generation, her folks combined for 47 years

and she grew up doing this business and if it weren't for the ladies, we wouldn't get nothin' done.

>>> Back when I was doin' it myself, she drove the truck a lot.

 All through harvest.

 Plus down the (mumbles).

 And raised the kids.

>>> [Reporters] As the combines roll,

even yours truly hops on board to take around with my Uncle Herschel.

 Just like I did with him as a kid.

 Talk in the field is about weather.

 Wheat quality and of course, those high prices.

 Until this year, Rodney had its own custom cutting business.

>>> We missed my oldest son's football season when he was a junior and senior.

 With all the grandsons, we weren't gonna do that kind of thing.

 Thought we'd just stay home and try to make the farming work more on so.

>>> [Reporters] And teach the grandsons a thing or two.

 What's that?

>>> A green contractor.

>>> Everything's a rush at harvest time.

 But we don't get that bigger rush.

 The little ones wanna see what's going on.

>>> [Reporter] And turn a less than stellar harvest into fond memories.

 For the next generation.

 For SUNUP, I'm Lyndall Stout.

 

 That'll do it for us this week.

 Remember, you can find us anytime on our website, sunup.okstate.edu.

 And also follow us on YouTube and social media.

 I'm Lyndall Stout.

 Have a great week everyone.

 And remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

 (upbeat music) 

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