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Transcript for June 3, 2017

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Insects in the winter crops
  • Its never too early to think about your next weeds
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Do implanted hormones make it do the food supply?
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Food Whys

 

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

 I'm Lyndall Stout.

 The 2017 wheat harvest is underway.

 Combines have been rolling in Southern Oklahoma

and are just starting to get some momentum a little farther north.

 Producers, of course, are keeping a close eye on the forecast.

 Meantime, we're returning to the recent Wheat Field Day at Lahoma to talk about insects and winter crops.

 Here's SUNUP's Dave Deken, and our Extension Entomologist, Tom Royer.

 

Insects in the winter crops

>>> Every year in wheat and canola, there are always insects,

and Tom, it seems like every time we're talking to you

it's because we're kind of reactionary towards the insects.

 Just kind of give us an overview of what insects there are that could cause a problem with wheat.

>>> Well, that's what I was talking with the growers.

 For one thing, we talked about managing Hessian fly.

 One of my goals this year was to start talking about 

trying to find answers to questions that I didn't have answers to before by getting some data.

 I talked about some Hessian fly trapping

that we've done over the last few years to actually prove

that hessian fly free date planting dates don't work in Oklahoma.

 We now know why they don't work.

  We talked about (mumbling) we're in this year and why it came in so early

and how important it is to catch them early if you're gonna be able to get good control because they

become a lot more difficult when they get bigger,

and why we had such an issue with them this year.

 Talked about diamondback moth,

and why we had such issues with that this year.

 There were definitely producers that had difficulty controlling it.

 In one of the cases,

I was able to show that more expensive product would've sufficed to give one shot

and then it controlled it, probably for the next 20 to 25 days.

 We just kind of reviewed different insects.

 I got a question about wheat streak mosaic

and the mite that causes that and can you control that?

I do know from the data that we don't have anything that can control it,

so we're gonna have to be looking for resistant varieties

and things like that, or you know,

encouraging people to manage their volunteer wheat for at least two weeks, those kind of issues.

 Which is good, integrative pest management, right?

We just reviewed different things that could happen in wheat and what to do about them.

>>> It's important to gather that information ahead of time before you're actually in the trenches with them.

>>> Yeah, I heard Kim Anderson talk about strategies and plan.

 The strategy is a series of plans that you put together.

 That's really,

I think, what producers need to think about with insect management,

with weed management.

 Obviously, with everything that they're doing.

 But it can work for insect management as well as you come up with a strategy

and it's based upon what could possibly happen and how to deal with it.

>>> Let's also talk about canola because,

I mean, we focused on wheat there,

but there's also some insect issues, and you mentioned a few of them, in the canola.

>>> Yes.

 Two big issues that we had this year were aphids.

 We still are even getting some issues with aphids.

 And then, diamondback moth.

 I saw fields this year.

 I haven't seen populations of diamondback moths,

like, I'd never seen them in canola like I saw them this year.

 They were,

you know, the producer that I worked with was very frustrated because he couldn't get any control over them

and that's when it gave me an opportunity to really evaluate another insecticide prevathon that is supposed to work pretty well

and I was able to show that it worked really well on them.

>>> Thank you very much, Tom.

 For more information on that, go to our website, sunup.okstae.edu.

 (upbeat country music) 

 

Its never too early to think about your next weeds

>>> Our Extension Weeds Specialist, Misha Manuchehri, is also at Lahoma.

 Misha,

you're talking with growers today about new herbicide technologies.

>>> Yup, we're talking about some new herbicide technologies that we can use to primarily control our tough,

winter annual grasses and wheat but also some of our broad leaf weeds as well.

 And the main products we're talking about,

and these aren't the newest, they've been around for a couple of years.

 The pre-emergent-cide, looking at different products that have the active ingredient pyroxasulfone in them.

 Zidua and Anthem Flex are the two products

and we're having a lot of success with growers putting these products down,

delayed pre-emergents to control Italian ryegrass.

>>> And that's been a big issue over the years, right?

Talk, talk about that a little bit and how these work specifically.

>>> Sure.

 So, our weeds are very adaptive

and typically our weeds that are the most problematic

are our weeds that mimic our crop.

 So in a winter annual crop like wheat,

our winter annual grass weeds are our issue.

 Some of our post-emergence products,

we don't have as, maybe as much success as we have had in the past.

 That could be due to resistance issues.

 Sometimes it's just hard to get a timely post-emergence product out.

 And so we are encouraging growers to have those post-challenges,

to look at the pre-emergence timing

and how a pre-emergence herbicide kills the plant as you apply it after planting 

and it inhibits, basically, that weed to germinate.

  And so we're seeing success,

that, shortly after wheat and then Italian ryegrass wants to come up,

and we have that herbicide down, we have seedling inhibition.

>>> [Host] Terrific.

 What other kind of questions are you getting from growers out here?

>>> We're getting some questions about rescue grass control.

  What can I do during my fallow period? That's a big question and Dr. Todd Bowman,

who's our row-crop weed scientist in Ardmore,

him and I are working together to find out what can we put down

after harvest until we plant that next crop where

we don't have to go out in the field and make five passes of a herbicide.

 So hopefully we'll have some answers on those questions soon.

>>> Are you setting up some research to look at that?

>>> Yes, we'll be setting up some rescue grass trials this fall,

as well as in this fallow period,

we'll be putting some products out this season.

 So, tried to get as much out as we could my first season, but still have a lot of questions we wanna try and answer.

>>> Terrific.

 Well, keep us posted.

>>> Okay.

>>> We appreciate your time today.

>>> Thank you.

 (country music) 

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Farmers are squeezing wheat harvest and hay bailing in between storm events.

 The moisture is unwanted for wheat and hay harvests

but the rain means better soil moisture for summer crops.

 Farming has always been one of life's ultimate balancing acts.

 With bands of rain crossing the state every four to five days,

 it's hard to imagine any spot in Oklahoma has been dry.

 A map of soil moisture at four inches through Tuesday showed some areas that have little soil moisture for young summer crops.

 Hollis and Altus in the southwest were dry at four inches

but so were Cheyenne, Hobart, Ninnekah, Oklahoma City North, Stillwater, Pawnee and Blackwell Mesonet sites.

 Dropping down to the 10 inch depth,

soil moisture levels were on the low side at Hollis, Cheyenne, Oklahoma City North and Blackwell.

 Soil moisture conditions were better at the 24 inch depth.

 Ardmore had the lowest fractional water index, 4/10ths.

 Erick, Cheyenne and Blackwell had readings of 5/10ths on a scale where zero is bone dry and one saturated.

 While fractional water index values are point measurements, plant-available water tells us how much water is available in a column of soil.

 From the surface down to 16 inches, the brown areas don't have much water available for plants.

 Yellow areas are on the marginal side.

 Maybe early June rains will fill in those soil moisture gaps.

 Farmers have also been checking soil temperatures.

 Soils were warm in a band from Waurika to Cheyenne across southwest Oklahoma,

up through central Oklahoma and up into north-central areas.

  The three day average bare soil temperature at 4 inches

was 80 degrees or higher at 26 of the Mesonet's 121 sites.

  Four locations had four inch soil temperature averages of 82 degrees.

 Oklahoma City East, Madison Park, Tipton and Grandfield.

 Those warm soil temperatures will help newly-planted summer crops of cotton,

peanuts and okra spring out of the starting gate for a vigorous early gain.

 All our wet, rainy weather contributes to more plant diseases.

 Pecan scab concerns have been on the increase.

 Even native and low-susceptibility pecan trees,

those in the Red Knapp areas were getting close to their disease threshold of 30 pecan scab hours on Wednesday evening.

 Pecan trees in the light green areas were seeing their disease hours climb as well.

 A number of sites had pecan scab hours in the mid-teens on Wednesday evening.

 And the wet weather that ended this week will lead to more pecan scab hours.

 Peanut leaf spot infection was also a concern.

 The control threshold for peanut leaf spot is 36 hours over the last two weeks.

 Fields in the green and blue areas were below the 36 hour threshold on Wednesday evening.

 Peanuts that haven't had a fungicide application, in the yellow, tan, and red areas,

were at high disease risk Wednesday evening.

 Hopefully our latest round of wet weather was just what you needed and not too much.

 Thanks for watching this edition of the Mesonet weather report.

 

Do implanted hormones make it do the food supply?

>>> So many times, we hear about implants in cattle and,

and Dave, kind walk us through, what is an implant? 

>>> They're naturally occurring and synthetic versions of steroid drugs that were approved by the Food and Drug Administration actually starting back in the 1950s.

 And they've been approved ever since.

 The three that you, that are used in cattle

for implants are estrogen, testosterone and progesterone and their synthetic versions.

>>> What does that mean for,

for the, the beef producer that's kinda thinkin' about it and they're thinkin',

"Well, it's a little more money "

that I have to put into the, to the animal"?

>>> And they, you know,

so if we restrict our conversation to that implant that's delivered at branding time,

you know, those are gonna cost around $1.25 to $1.50.

 You also have to have someone there that's comfortable administering the implant

and it's interesting that use of that technology has declined substantially.

 One reason is probably the administration of them.

 You know, people that aren't experienced with animal health procedures

may be uncomfortable doing that.

 The other reason that it's declined in use is more than likely has somethin' to do

with not wanting to put that in, in a food product just from a public perception standpoint.

>>> So what is the impact as it does enter the cow?

>>> So, the FDA has to study that rigorously 

and these products only get approved after they have been through a series of experiments to determine the impact on residue in meat.

 So first of all, recognize that they're,

they're naturally occurring hormones, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone and they're synthetic versions.

 For perspective, the estrogenic activity in non-implanted beef, off the shelf, 

is somewhere around eight nanograms per about one pound of meat product.

 About eight nanograms.

 On the other hand,

if you were to sample a beef product off the shelf that had come from an implanted calf,

now this would be an animal that was implanted through the finishing phase.

>>> [Host] Right.

>>> So it would have substantially more impact on residue than,

than just an implant at branding time.

 Nevertheless, that value is about 11 nanograms  per pound of meat product.

 Milk has 65 nanograms per pound.

  Ice cream, about 3,000.

 Let's see, eggs, 17,500 

and soybean oil one million nanograms  of estrogenic activity per pound.

>>> Okay, thank you much Dave.

 And for more information on that, go to our website, sunup.okstate.edu.

  (country music) 

 

Livestock Marketing

Darrell Peel, our livestock marketing specialist, is here now, and Darrell,

with Memorial Day past, let's talk about beef demand and kinda what it looks like for the rest of the summer.

>>> Well, you know, we've come into Memorial Day with very strong apparent beef demand.

 It's supported markets well through the first quarter and so far in the second quarter of the year.

 We still have a lot of summer demand ahead of us.

 Father's Day is coming up,

followed quickly with Fourth of July,

 so at this point we anticipate good demand.

 We're still waiting for the final assessment on Memorial Day but in general it looks like we're in very good shape right now.

>>> Let's talk about the latest cattle on feed report and the large placements for

April and what that means moving forward.

>>> You know, the placements in the month of April were bigger than expected

and the market reacted a little bit to that.

 It's in general not a surprise, we know there's more cattle out there,

there's more cattle going to come through the system and you have to be a little careful with one month's number.

 Sometimes these things are a matter of timing.

 I think there were some larger placements in April in part because,

 you know, cattle that were out on wheat pasture for example in the southern plains,

many of them came off in April because either the cattle got too big or because the producers wanted to convert to a summer crop,

 so they wanted to get those cattle off of the wheat so they could prepare the ground for a summer crop.

 So I think it's a timing issue.

 Some of the cattle that would have come in May probably came in April,

even though there are still some grazing cattle out there that will come in May as well.

>>> In terms of beef production, is it about what you would expect for this year?

>>> Beef production is up for the year, as expected.

 It was up stronger than expected a bit in the first quarter of the year.

 But in the last five or six weeks it's down to where it's only up only about one and a half percent on a year-over-year basis.

 Carcass weights have been lower than expected and that's holding the increase in beef production in check.

 When it's all said and done as we go through the year,

I think we'll end up pretty close to what we expected.

 We're looking at a roughly four percent year-over-year increase on an annual basis in beef production this year.

>>> Profit margins are pretty good but that's a little unusual.

 Can you explain that and give us some perspective?

>>> You know, the beef industry is quite complex with all the different sectors

and it's not common for all of them to be making money at the same time.

 And yet that's kind of what we see right now

 and it really goes back to that demand issue,

when demand is good we're kind of moving up,

 it's easy for everyone to be sort of operating positively in that kind of an environment

so I think that's what it really speaks to.

 Packer margins have been pretty good, feed lot margins are good,

and in general there's profitability all the way down the sector down to the cow-calf level.

 So as long as this lasts and we do have bigger supplies,

but as long as the demand is there it's going to be a good time

and in general it's very favorable for the entire industry right now.

>>> And I'm sure investors are pretty happy as a result.

>>> You bet.

>>> Darryl, thanks a lot.

 We'll see you again soon.

 (country music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Lameness is a particular issue for cattle producers anytime anywhere.

  Certainly in the summer time we worry a little bit about lameness due to such things as foot rot

but the kind of lameness I want to make sure today that producers are aware of

is a situation, a defect, that we call corkscrew claw 

or some producers just call it screwclaw.

 And this is where, as you see in this particular photograph,

where the toes actually would grow inward rather than straight forward.

  Screwclaw more likely is to occur in the hind legs than it is in the forelimbs

but has been seen sometimes on front feet as well.

 It's most likely to show up in cattle that are two or three years of age or older

 and this makes it therefore difficult to select young livestock, young bulls,  young heffers,

and try to select away from that particular trait because it shows up later in life.

 It causes problems because,

as they walk, then that outside toe forces the weight to be pushed to the outside

and causes soreness in the joints,

perhaps some arthritis as well, and the cattle then, as we've talked about, will show real signs of lameness.

  Certainly if you see this in an animal in your herd, first of all,

I would contact my veterinarian and have them look to make sure that that is,

 in fact, what we're working with rather than just a situation of laminitis or founder

because it makes a real difference as to whether you're going to cull that particular individual cow or bull

or just trim their feet and see if they don't recover.

 Screwclaw, there's some debate about the heritability of that particular trait.

 We don't know for sure how highly heritable it is

but there's certainly indications in dairy information

that says there's a higher incidence in one breed than others.

  Veterinarians that work with large herds

tend to think that screwclaw shows up in certain families of beef cattle more so than in other situations.

Therefore I think that if we want to identify,

if we find a particular animal that's either a reproducing bull

or one of our adult cows 

that we're sure has screw claw and our veterinarian confirms that,

I would go ahead and call that animal and not select especially daughters from that individual

and in order to try to get that genetics out of my herd.

 I thought it'd be helpful if you had a better understanding of this particular lameness defect

and can give yourself a chance to work out of any situation to where we don't have more of this showing up in our beef herd in the future.

 Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 (country western music)

 

 Market Monitor

>>> It's that time of year again.

 Combines are rolling across Oklahoma and Kim, you've been talking to elevators.

 What are you been hearing from them?

>>> Well I think yields are coming in probably around expectations maybe slightly below that down south because of the weather.

 A test weight is very good, 60 plus pound test weight.

 The protein I think is disappointing.

 The reports 10 1/2 to maybe 11% protein.

>>> Okay, now how's the wheat prices look?

>>> Well right now prices have increased a dime to fifteen cents over the last week.

 We've had a 10 to 15 cent increase in the bases.

 The futures are just kind of waddling around sideways.

 Cash prices in Oklahoma is running somewhere between 3.50 and 3.70 a bushel.

>>> Should producers go ahead and sell right now or should they store a little bit?

>>> Well if they're looking at a strategy,

they can sell right now for the current price or you can store it into the fall.

 Right now the market is offering around 49, 50 cents to store wheat between now and November.

 That's just looking at the spread between the July and the December contract.

 This time last year if you look at a strategy, elevators bought wheat.

 If they had of hedged it,

 put in a storage hedge on July 1 and taken it out last day of April,

they'd of made a dollar and a nickel a bushel on that hedge.

 So right now the market is telling them to store wheat.

 There's always the third and the third and third strategy.

 If you have unfarmed storage,

you may wanna look at that storage hedge because the market's telling you right now they want it in that December January time period rather than now.

>>> Lets talk about wheat and carrier right now.

>>> Like I said on that carry, elevators and I think, you know our protein is down and you'd expect our bases to go down.

 Our prices declined because of that.

 But the elevators wanna buy that wheat now.

 They want it in storage because the market's offering them about 80 cents carry between now and next June.

 This time last year it was offering them about 66 cents.

 So the market's offering the elevators a pretty good premium to buy the wheat

 and store it because it doesn't need it right now.

 If you're a producer and you got unfarmed storage,

you may wanna consider that.

 It's not a guarantee but right now that looks like a pretty good situation.

 The market is telling you to hold the wheat.

>>> Even with 2016 wheat still in the bin?

>>> Even with 2016 wheat in the bin this week.

 We got lowered production in Russia.

 We got lowered production in France.

 We got lowered production in Spain.

 The market's moving in the right direction.

 If we can get some of these foreign crops less production,

we're gonna have a higher price in the fall.

>>> Okay, thank you much.

 Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

 (country western music) 

 

Food Whys

>>> We're talking about vegetable oils today with Nurhan Dunford,

our oil and oil seed chemist here at the Food and Ag Products Center.

 Nurhan, I guess the big question is what vegetables actually go into vegetable oil?

>>> Actually any oil that is extracted or recovered from a plant can be called or labeled as vegetable oils.

  In general, vegetable or plant seeds are used to extract oils.

 Most common oils used for cooking are soy beans, canola seeds,  sunflower seeds, peanuts, and safflower.

>>> So is there a way to find out exactly what's in there and kinda be able to compare and choose depending on what you're cooking?

>>> Depending on the product, I think the easiest way to find out what is in the oil

or in the product is to look at the label of the product.

 I have an example here.

 This oil says on the label,

it says canola oil because there's only one type of oil in the product.

 But sometimes that's not the case.

 Industry mixes different types of oils.

 In that case, label might say vegetable oils

 without referring to the plant source.

  In this case, for example, it says pure vegetable oil

 but it doesn't indicate which plant it comes from.

 To find that out, the easiest way would be to look at the ingredient list.

>>> Let's talk about blended and why they're blended at times and what all that means.

>>> There are several reasons for blending oils.

 The first reason is to improve the functionality.

  As we know different vegetable oils have different properties

such as fatty acid composition, saturated fat content,

or unsaturated fat content,  smoke point, or the flavor.

 So the industry mixes or blends different types of oils

to get a formulation or a mixture that would suit or work best for the specific application.

  In that case, on the label,

it might say blend  or it might say vegetable oil.

>>> So bottom line, do your homework and look at the back of the label if you need to.

>>> Read the ingredients list and the labels.

>>> Always a good idea.

 Thanks for your time today.

 Great information.

 (country western music) 

 

To keep track of how harvest is progressing

we like to check out the Oklahoma Wheat Commission reports on their website every couple of days.

 They do a good job of keeping track of what's going on all around the state.

 We have a link for you on our website.

 Thanks so much for joining us.

 I'm Lyndall Stout and we'll see you next time at SUNUP.

 (country western music)

 

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