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Oklahoma State University
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Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for Month 27, 2017

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Wheat Tour 2017 - Alfalfa County
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Wheat Tour 2017 - Blaine County
  • Market Monitor
  • Wheat Tour 2017 - Caddo County
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Wheat Tour 2017 - Cotton County
  • Magruder Plot 125 years

 

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Wheat Tour 2017 - Alfalfa County

>>> Good morning and welcome to Sunup.

 I'm Dave Deken,

and combines are rolling across Oklahoma

which means it's time for us to take a look at our yearly look at the Oklahoma wheat crop.

 This year, we're starting north of Burlington and we're heading south.

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Howdy, Bo.

>>> Hi.

>>> How are you?

>>> Bo Ferrell.

>>> Dave Deken, nice to meet you.

>>> Nice to meet you.

>>> [Dave] So, tell me about the wheat crop here in Alfalfa County.

>>> [Bo] I think overall we look pretty, pretty decent this year.

 A little above average.

 Some of it, Some of it looks pretty good and some of it really doesn't look that good.

 The early planted and hard grazed doesn't look as good.

 The later planted, the rains have really helped us in cool weather.

>>> [Dave] Now, is this grazed or is this just grain?

>>> This was grazed, not real hard, just some cows and home-raised small baby calves.

>>> Yeah.

>>> But it was pastured.

>>> Now, walk me through your decision to go ahead and do grain, versus just going ahead and grazing it out this year.

>>> Well, the price isn't that great.

>>> Yeah.

>>> But really just the weather and I had pretty good stand on it,

so I thought it had potential of making a pretty good yielding crop.

>>> Have you come into any issues with the crop overall this year?

>>> We had rust, and there's been some BYD, barley yellow dwarf in the area, 

and we were hoping to put on a fungicide with the sprayer.

  We like doing it ground application,

but it was so wet throughout the spring that we had to use the airplane.

>>> [Dave] Yeah.

 Well, and that's something you haven't been able to say in the past couple years, is "It's been too wet".

>>> Yeah, we did have a pretty decent spring last year,

starting about April, we've had good April and May the last couple years.

>>> [Dave] Yeah.

>>> Pretty good rain, but we were dry throughout the winter for quite a while until we had the ice storm.

>>> [Dave] So what variety do you have in here this year?

>>> [Bo] This is Gallagher here, this year.

>>> How has it been performing?

>>> Pretty good.

 The neighbors liked it the last few years,

so I decided I'd try it here this year.

>>> [Dave] Was this wheat here last year also?

>>> It was corn this last summer,

and I had did milo before that,

so we have a decent rotation.

>>> [Dave] And I tell you what, the wheat looks beautiful this year.

 Not a lot of weeds, it's really, it looks great.

>>> [Bo] Well, we've had a pretty good spring.

 Mother Nature's been pretty good.

>>> Now, when do you think combines will start rolling on your land?

>>> Probably first week of June, is my guess.

 If it turns off hot and dry could be sooner,

 if it stays cool and cloudy like this why,

maybe towards the end of the first week of June.

>>> Now, in your rotation, do you go back to wheat next year?

>>> I probably will here, yep.

>>> Okay.

>>> Maybe a chance of soybeans, double-cropping.

 But more than likely, I'll go back to winter wheat.

>>> Well, Bo, thanks for showing us your Alfalfa County wheat.

>>> You bet.

>>> Nice to meet you, Dave.

>>> Nice to meet you.

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Mesonet Weather

>>> What a week of beautiful weather in Oklahoma.

 Hopefully you and your family were able to spend some fun-filled outdoor hours relishing this week's super weather.

Checking on recent rainfall, the Northeast Climate Division set a new 60 day rainfall record.

 The 20 plus inches of rain from March 25th through May 23rd

was the most rain they have received for that period going back to 1921.

 While the Panhandle received less than half that amount,

nine and 89 hundredth inches of rain,

the Panhandle won the highest percent award at 255% of their normal rainfall

from March 25th  through May 23rd.

 That gave us a 60 day rainfall map with lots of bright colors.

 Nowata had the highest rainfall, 23.7 tenths inches.

 Those rainfall amounts being great range and pasture grass growth.

 So important as we begin the main summer growing season.

 All our recent rain has been perfect for fungi,

that shows up as lots of Peanut Leaf Spot Hours.

 In the two weeks through Wednesday evening

the accumulation of Leaf Spot Hours across the center of Oklahoma

range from 74 at Sallisaw, to 11 at Erick.

  Here's Gary with a look at our non-drought conditions.

>>> Thanks Allen.

 Good morning everyone.

 Well, I finally delivered on my promise to get a drought free, d

rought monitor map for Oklahoma.

 It took about a month after I promised,

but hey, I did deliver.

 So let's take a look at that latest map,

and see the wonderful lack of color across the state of Oklahoma.

 So there you have it.

 No drought in Oklahoma.

 We do have a little bit of remaining abnormally dry conditions down in the far southeastern Oklahoma,

but again that is drought on it's way out, not emerging.

 So we are drought free in Oklahoma as we enter June,

which is a great, great feeling.

 If we look at May though,

while we've had those rains hit exactly where we needed to get rid of that drought,

things aren't exactly rosy everywhere.

 We do have deficits across central,

up in the northwest Oklahoma,

down in the southwest,

and also down in that southeastern part of the state.

 Deficits of an inch to even more than two inches in some areas.

 So, we should have good conditions to get the wheat harvest started.

  But then we're going to need some more rain to stave off any deficits we have as we go into the long, hot summer months.

 Now if we look out farther, this is the 8-14 day outlook

for the last day of May through June sixth.

 We do see increased odds of above normal precipitation

and also, increased odds for below normal temperatures.

 So, if you have increased odds for above normal precipitation

during the first week of June that should some pretty good rainfalls are possible.

 Hopefully that will raise some of those deficits we've seen build there in May.

 And I'm sure most of you will appreciate any cooler weather

that we can keep going through that first week of June and beyond that.

  It would be nice to have a cool start of summer as we go through June.

 That's it for this week.

 We'll see you next week on the Mesonet Weather Report.

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Wheat Tour 2017 - Blaine County

>>> Well Brandon, how are you?

>>> I'm doing good Dave, how are you today?

>>> Not too bad.

 How's the wheat crop look in Blaine County?

>>> Well, for the most part, we think it looks pretty good this year.

>>> Well great, let's go take a look.

>>> Alrighty.

>>> So what variety do you have here?

>>> This is Gallagher.

>>> Okay.

 That was planted here and it's looking pretty fair.

>>> Yeah.

>>> We've had some decent weather.

 We've had a lot of wet weather here lately,

We're not quite sure how that's going to pan into harvest,

but it will eventually dry up a little I reckon.

>>> So, did you graze this also, or was it

>>> This particular field, we did not graze.

 We graze the majority of our wheat.

>>> Uh

>>>huh.

>>> But we never did graze this one this year so.

>>> What's been the biggest pressure that you've had this year?

>>> Oh, probably believe it or not, we've had excessive rainfalls, you know.

>>> Really?

(laughter)

>>> That's kind of got into our scheduling a little bit on things.

 The winter was unusually warm.

 We had a couple of cold spells,

but then we got 92 degrees in February.

 Things really looked, we thought we'd cut wheat two weeks early.

 For us, typically the fourth or fifth of June is normal.

 We thought, 25th we'd get her cutting,

but it keeps raining and staying cool

so looks like we're kind of on track for that first week of June.

>>> Do you rotate this field, or is this just straight wheat?

>>> Typically, just straight wheat.

 Occasionally we will come out and go to a summer crop, perhaps Milo.

 You know, maybe either graze it off or hay it,

and then go to Milo and filo it for the next year.

 Typically, we run cattle on all our wheat.

 We're all dual purpose.

 But we generally have two or three fields that we kind of have our buffer zone,

 in case we, you know, need it later.

  This particular field is one of those

we utilize because it's on a high way and we bring cattle to it.

We don't have any grass pastures next to it.

>>> Well, I was gonna ask about that,

with wheat prices being what they are this year,

how do make that decision about,

do I go ahead and take it to grain

or do I do cattle throughout the season?

>>> Typically the decision we'll make is whether to make hay or grain.

 Our cattle, we kind of have that scheduled anyway.

 We kinda know what we're gonna do.

 We do have some graze out acres that we kinda dedicate to graze out every year.

 But on our wheat for grain acres,

we'll kinda use hay as a means to try to keep it clean,

as far as the rye and the cheat and the other weeds that we fight.

 Then we've gotta hay bale for next winter.

 You know that.

 And wheat hay is kinda one of our primary hay sources on our farm because it's here early.

 We can get hay.

 Sometimes that later hay in the summer doesn't arrive when it gets hot and dry.

>>> Well it looks great, so far.

>>> Yes

>>> It's turning out pretty well.

>>> Yes, yes.

>>> Yeah.

 And you think, next couple weeks you'll be out here?

>>> I think in 10 days to two weeks

we'll have some wheat fields that are ready to cut.

>>> Excellent.

 Well, thank you so much for giving us a tour of Blaine County wheat.

>>> Yes, sir.

>>> And we really appreciate it.

>>> Yes, sir.

 Thank you.

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Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist, is here now.

 and Kim, Oklahoma and U.S. wheat harvest is getting underway,

let's kinda take a look for perspective, what's going on around the world.

>>> Well, as you look around the world

production is projected to be two percent than last year at 27.1 billion bushels,

of the United States, minus 21 percent at one billion, 800 million.

 It's over 2.3 last year.

 Looking at our competitors,

 Argentina, six percent higher production this year at 463 million bushels.

 Australia down, 29 percent there.

 They've had weather problems there.

 At 919 million.

 Of course, they had a record crop last year, just like Argentina.

 Canada down one percent at 874 million.

 Now, Canada, I took out the durum wheat there

because durum is projected to be significantly lower than last year but we don't compete with that class.

 Lookin' at the European Union, up four percent.

 Of course, they had a disaster with their crop last year.

 At 5.5 billion bushels.

 Kasakhstan down 13 percent, at 478 million.

 Russia down eight percent, 2.5 billion.

 Ukraine down seven percent and that is significant, right there,

because that's Hard Red winter.

 Mostly producers, some Hard Red spring wheat.

 They're our direct competitors.

 So, from a production down two percent,

that's a start of what we need.

 But the decline in production,

I think's down in the important countries, like Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine.

>>> Let's talk about stocks now

and how they're projected to change in the 2017, 18 marketing year

that starts June one.

>>> Well, again they're movin' in the right direction.

 You look at the world, now that's gonna be up one percent.

 That's basically because the European Union production.

 But the U.S. down 21 percent at 914 million bushels.

  Our competitors, Argentina up two percent.

 Of course, they're big production there.

 Australia down 21 percent.

 Canada down 28 percent.

 European Union down seven percent.

 Kazakhstan down 23 percent.

 Russia down nine.

 Ukraine down four.

 That's what we wanna see, 'cause we get these stocks lower,

then we get those prices higher.

>>> And then, the next question,

what does this mean?

How does this translate for grain prices?

>>> Well right now, not very much because we've got a lot of wheat to bend,

we've got a lot of work through the system.

 Right now, the markets offering anywhere from 340 to 360 in Oklahoma.

 If you look at canola, bringing them in, $6.65 plus or minus a nickel around the state.

 Corn that's fixin' to go in the ground,

based on that December current contract,

most of Oklahoma somewhere around three dollars and a quarter.

 Panhandle $3.70.

 Sorghum at $3.05 and soybeans at $8.75.

>>> Okay, Kim thanks a lot.

 We'll see you next week.

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Wheat Tour 2017 - Caddo County

>>> Hi Mike.

>>> Hello.

>>> How are ya?

>>> I'm good, I'm good.

 Good to see you.

>>> Good to see you.

 Well, you wanna talk wheat?

>>> Let's do it.

>>> Okay.

  So Mike, what do we have planted here?

>>> This is Gallagher wheat.

>>> Uh huh.

 Okay.

 And how's it been faring this year?

>>> Well, this is a field that I did not graze.

 So it's, it's doing pretty good.

 There's some low spots in here

where I've got a little bit of drowned out spots but in general,

this is gonna be a pretty good wheat field for me, I think.

>>> If you were to guess, what kind of bushels, do you think?

>>> I think it'll make close to 40 bushel, probably.

>>> Really? Okay.

 What's the weather been like this year? 

>>> It's been a little bit unusual.

 We've had adequate rain fall,

but it has come in bursts.

 One of the things that has hurt the wheat this year

 I think is we had no rainfall between

the 19th of February til the 28th of March.

  A lot of my wheat has been damaged by that.

 The heads are smaller.

  Again, this field wasn't grazed

and it looks better than some of my other fields.

>>> What kind of rotations do you run with wheat? 

>>> My main rotation right now is a three year rotation 

with wheat planted two years in a row,

the second year I graze it out until the middle of March or so,

then terminate it a month later and plant it to soybeans.

 That next year I plant it again to soybeans

and then it's planted back to wheat then.

  That's my standard three year rotation right now.

  This rotation is designed

to help on both the weeds that I might have in soybeans

and also the grassy weeds in wheat.

 I'm beginning to have more trouble with

especially rye grass and the different cheets in wheat if

I try to plant wheat more than two or three years in a row.

 It looks better than my previous two years, I would say that.

>>> How far out are you do you think from cutting this?

>>> There's still some green heads here, I think we're at least 10 days to two weeks away from this field being ready.

 Probably closer to two weeks.

>>> Once you have this crop gone, what are you gonna bring into it? 

>>> This is its first year planted in wheat,

 so this will be fallow this summer and will planted back to wheat.

 This particular field will be.

>>> Well Mike, I tell you what, it looks great.

 Here's hoping that it stays dry enough for you to get combines in the field.

>>> Well, that's what we're looking for this time of the year.

>>> Thank you very much for meeting with us.

>>> Thank you.

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Cow-Calf Corner

>>> With the moisture that we've had across most of Oklahoma this spring,

it certainly looks like forage conditions are going to be

that we can put up some hay this summer.

 Part of the management issue of putting up hay is

storing it such that we have the minimal amount of hay loss between now,

when we're putting that hay up, 

and when we're going to take it back out to the pasture and feed it next winter.

 University of Tennessee folks did some interesting research

on big round bale storage methods

and looked for the amount of hay loss that occurred according

to those different storage methods.

 What they did was weigh the bales in June

  when the hay was harvested

and put in big round bales and then weighed them again the first week of January.

 About seven months later during the heart of the winter feeding season to see how much percentage wise hay loss they had.

 If they stored those big round bales

on the ground with no cover on it, 

their hay loss was 37% in terms of weight loss.

  If they did something different

and put those big round bales up off the ground on something like some old used tires,

then that reduced the hay loss down to only 29%.

  If they put the hay bales on the ground

but covered them with something like a plastic tarp,

so that they were protected on the top but not underneath,

again the hay loss was 29%.

  If they did both,

if they put them on something that elevated them away from the ground

and put a cover over top of them,

that hay loss dropped clear to eight percent.

 Tremendous difference

from the hay loss that you would see in this situation

with nothing underneath or no cover on top.

 Of course if they put the hay in a well protected barn,

the hay loss was very minimal at only six percent.

 I realize that in Tennessee,

there's probably a higher rainfall on the average during the summer and fall,

even winter months than what we might see especially in the western two thirds of Oklahoma.

 But I think the concept is still going to be about the same

in terms of the rankings of the amounts of hay loss depending upon our storage methods.

 Dr. Ray Hunkey here at Oklahoma State University

from the Biosystems and Ag Engineering Department

has put together a fact sheet that looks at big round storage concepts

and where some of the loss is gonna occur.

 I encourage you to go to the Sunup website.

 That's sunup.okstate.edu.

 We've got a show link there to that particular fact sheet.

 Gives you a lot of information

about big round hay bale storage and ways that you can save more hay to feed those cows this winter.

  Hey, we look forward to visiting with you next week on Sunup's Cow-Calf Corner.

  (guitar music) 

 

Wheat Tour 2017 - Cotton County

>>> Good morning.

>>> Good morning.

>>> Dave Deken.

>>> Brett McIntyre.

>>> Good to meet you.

>>> Good to meet you.

>>> So this is cotton county wheat? 

>>> This is Cotton County wheat.

 'bout 10 days, two weeks ahead of schedule for harvest here.

 We got started last week on about May 15th 

got several days of cutting.

 Some days we shouldn't have cut due to humidity.

>>> Right

>>> and cool weather.

 Then we got stopped by six inches of rain and a lot of wind and hail, around here.

>>> Wow.

>>> This is, we're on a break right now and this is what we got.

>>> And there's a lot of broken here too, I guess.

>>> Lotta broken here.

 We're probably around 60, 70 percent damage here.

 Or more.

  We still probably had 45 bushel potential.

 It's probably down to 10 to 15, right now.

>>> So, will you be able to salvage anything from this field, you think?

>>> I think we will.

 We gotta get whatever we can off of here.

 I'm guessing 10 or 15 bushel an acre.

 Last thing you want is a bunch of volunteer out here.

 So, we need to get what we can off.

>>> How did the crop look before the hail storm?

>>> This crop was probably around mid 40's.

 Gallagher is a good variety of wheat.

 This is, had milo on it last year so it was on cleaner ground.

 I'd say around mid 40's was its potential.

 It's amazing how it can be taken away from you in one night.

>>> This being one field that hasn't been harvested yet,

you actually have a couple fields that are.

>>> Yeah, we've got about third of our wheat already out.

  We were harvesting on some sandier ground down South of Temple.

 We were seeing yields anywhere between low 30's to mid, low 50's, I guess.

  It was, you know, alright so far but,

we knew there was a chance of rain in sight.

 Some of that was cut on the little green side.

 But knowing what the last couple years we've gone through,

with all the rain and the monsoon weather we've had.

 We've seen good test weights drop in the high 50's.

 We were seeing test weights here 63.

 Some guys I knew of, 65, 65 and a half.

 Anytime you get a lot of rain on it,

 you'll see a big drop in test weight.

 And obviously a drop in yield when you see damage like this.

 Even though it was a little green, we got out what we could.

 Just to try to keep this good yield potential there.

>>> Other parts of the state,

they haven't had the timely rains that you guys had.

 We've come across some fields that earlier in the season,

they were wondering if they were gonna have a wheat crop.

 But you guys, your moisture's been a little more consistent.

>>> Well down here, it depends on where you are.

>>> Yeah.

>>> South of Temple, close to the river and the same with our friends on the other side of the river, in North Texas.

 We were hit by several five and six inch rains in the fall.

 And it kept it muddy there for a while.

 North of Temple and around Walters, it wasn't as much.

 But, we did have timelier rains in the fall.

 And in the winter time,

we ended up with two inches, three inches at a time.

 It just kept the ground saturated.

 You know, really any ground that's been grazed there was a severe penalty in wheat yield.

 If you grazed up to late February, even early, mid-March wheat never did come back out of it.

 'cause we turned off dry in March.

 But yeah, we had a lot more rain in the fall and winter than, really what we needed.

>>> Right.

 Well Brent, thank you for showing us your Cotton County Field.

>>> My pleasure, Dave.

>>> Okay.

 

Magruder Plot 125 years

 Back on May 19th, we celebrated a major anniversary of wheat research at Oklahoma State University.

>>> The Magruder Plots are important to research just due to the longevity of the trials.

 Having something to look back,

whether it's 80 years of fertility work

or the 125 years of the check plot,

you could've never learned

what we learned from those plots

in any four, eight or even 12 year cycle because of Oklahoma's weather.

 When you have a plot that you can look back and see 85 years of applying manure every four years,

or 125 years of not applying nutrients and what happens.

 And finding Cyanobacteria with in that check plot,

that's not anywhere else, that's creating Nitrogen for the plant.

>>> We have followed the legacy

we've all had the same philosophy 

and the main point of soil fertility research.

>>> But it all stars here.

 This is where we continue to improve the productivity of our wheat crops.

 So, we're fulfilling our land grand mission with this Magruder plot

and all the other research that we do in agronomy and plant and soil science.

>>> It's really just a history of wheat production  in Oklahoma for the past 125 years.

  And all that data is there no one else in the country has it and we should be very, very proud.

 (upbeat music) 

 

>>> Well, there you have it.

 A look at the Oklahoma wheat crop from Kansas to Texas, and everywhere in between.

 Have a safe Memorial Day weekend and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at sun up.

 (upbeat music) 

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