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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for May 13, 2017

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Wheat update
  • Soil management
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Road Trip "Ranchin' Oklahoma"
  • Market Monitor
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Probiotics for poultry

 

 (upbeat music playing) 

 

Wheat update

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to Sunup.

 I'm Lyndall Stout.

 Wheat field days are underway and extension and research folks are criss-crossing the state talking to producers.

 And they're also talking about some new wheat varieties.

 We caught up with our extension small-grain specialist, David Marburger, in Canadian County.

>>> Well, right now we're progressing through grain-fill in a lot of areas with our winter wheat crop here in the state.

 As you venture out into the panhandle we may have some of our late varieties that may still be trying to flour.

 But overall, a lot o' the wheat, goin' through grain fill.

 As we go further South in the state,

we're a lot further along in that process compared to the Northern part of the state.

 I had seen recently where down in Texas,

they're already harvestin' their wheat

and they're somewhere between two, maybe three, weeks ahead of schedule from what I heard.

 And for us here, in Oklahoma,

we'll probably get harvest started a little bit earlier than normal;

maybe close to that 10 to 14 days.

 It wouldn't surprise me by, maybe,

sometime next week if we hear some reports of some columbines goin' through the field

down in the Southern part o' the state,

 especially towards the Red River.

 Further North in the state, got a little bit o' ways to go, yet.

 Maybe towards the end o' May we'll see,

but probably by, definitely by the beginning of June

we'll probably be seein' a lot o' columbines rollin' in a number of areas throughout Oklahoma.

 We had the Winter Wheat Tour for Oklahoma last week

and had some estimates come out

where it's been estimated we're lookin' at maybe,

close to that three million acres harvested.

 We'll see if that number holds up once we get through harvest.

 And we're lookin' at about a hundred million bushel crop,

so somewhere in that, close to 33, maybe 34 bushel average for the state.

  And I think that's gonna be a pretty close estimate.

 Where we are keepin' the wheat for harvest,

those are gonna probably be our better fields.

 The wheat or maybe some of our marginal ground or had lower yield potential was wheat that,

 maybe is already being grazed out.

 Or it's wheat that's gonna go for hay

or just be terminated in general and maybe go to a summer crop.

 This year we have wheat varieties that Dr. Carver has worked on releasing.

 The first one is Spirit Rider.

 So, in the trials, over the past few years, it was OK10126,

this is a variety  that has OK Bullet as part of its parentage.

 It's a lot like OK Bullet but with better standability and better yield potential.

 The next variety is Smith's Gold.

 This is a variety, it's gonna be, basically, a Gallagher update.

 It's a variety that has Gallagher as half of its parentage

and it has a OSU experimental on it that has TAM 110 as well as 2174.

 So this is a lot like Gallagher but has green bug resistance added into it.

 We're always, again, chasin' that yield.

 Tryin' to increase yield overall,

and also, on the quality side,

trying to find varieties that are gonna have, when it comes to baking and milling qualities,

varieties that end users are gonna wanna come and find where those are being planted and buy and source that grain first.

 (light country music playing)

 

Soil management

>>> Over the past few weeks, we've had a lot o' rain in Oklahoma.

 And, Brian, how has the rain impacted the soil fertility across the state?

>>> So with a lot o' the Corn Sordum that goes in, traditional nitrogen management is pre-plant nitrogen, and then you plant the crop.

 So that traveled across the state the last couple months,

you see a lot of people putting out anhydrous, or liquid nitrogen, ahead of planting.

 And then we get all this rain, so the question is what happened?

The likelihood is we have lost some nitrogen.

 Whether it's through leeching and any deep soils where that nitrogen was sitting there

and the water percolated through we've had nitrogen go down to depth.

 We've also had any areas that had standing water for more than a couple days

 likely had Denitrification, that's actually when the nitrogen turns into a gaseous form.

And goes up into the atmosphere.

 So as we look at the standing crop, with the corn and sorghum,

or anything that's gonna be planted in the near future,

all likelihood is the nitrogen was applied prior to the rains, has at least partially been lost.

 So we have to start accounting for that or considering how to account for it.

 One of the options would be to go ahead and put out an N-rich strip in those fields,

get some nitrogen down the strips, just to see if there's a difference out there.

 The other, of course, is keeping a good eye on the crop.

 After it gets growing, keep an eye on those lower leaves,

 looking for yellowing of those older lower leaves to see if there's any nitrogen deficiencies.

 Or, if you just want to bank ahead,

think about what you think could have been lost.

 There's a likelihood of 20% to 40% lost, and make a plan for an additional side-dress nitrogen application

to compensate for what was lost.

>>> So, within all of that, was it really worth doing a soil sample and sending it off?

>>> You know, a soil-sampling is a great idea, and there'd be a lot of people asking and thinking about that.

 The challenge is, if the nitrogen was applied as anhydrous or ureic or even UAN, 

it may not all be in the nitrate form,

so a soil test typically tests for nitrate and nitrogen and does not look for ammonium form of nitrogen,

so just because the nitrate levels are low may not mean you have lost a lot of nitrogen cause it could still be in the ammonium form.

 So if you were to do a sample to see what is left over you would need to make sure that you analyze for both ammonium and nitrate.

 Otherwise, it could be a false negative on how much nitrogen is left over from the season.

>>> What about following a wheat crop?

Say, a situation where they go through and they hay the wheat, is there soil issues there?

>>> Yeah, so one thing we have to keep in mind of for all the acres out there that has been swathed and baled,

where there was wheat, now going into the cotton, sorghum, corn or something else,

is that wheat hay takes up a significant amount of nutrients,

 for every ton, you're probably removing about 60 pounds of nitrogen,

60 pounds of potassium,

and quite a bit of phosphorous so,

keep that in mind and make that,

have it in mind when you're going into your nitrogen recommendation for your falling crop,

knowing that that wheat has removed a significant amount of nitrogen.

 Now, if you just burned down,

whether this is a cereal cover crop,

or a wheat where you terminated it

and planted into that residue,

you still had the nitrogen that has been taken up into that plant,

 and you do not know when that's gonna come available.

 So if you've terminated wheat,

or a cereal cover crop,

 know that there's nitrogen tied up in that residue,

that may or may not come available in that summer crop season.

>>> And speaking of all the soil nutrition we're right here next to the Magruder plots,

and there's a big event coming up this Friday.

>>> Big event.

 We have to have a reminder: for May 19th, we're gonna have a field day.

 It's gonna be centered around the celebration of the 125th harvest of the Magruder Plots.

 We're gonna have a lot of things going on though.

 We're gonna start with coffee, donuts, and registration on the Stillwater Agronomy Farm around eight o'clock.

 Around nine o'clock,

we're gonna kick it off with some speakers, some guest speakers,

President Hargis will be on site, and Dean Coon will be, and they're gonna be discussing what's going on,

then we'll move into the field day activities where we'll have Dr. Manucheri, Dr. Lofton and Dr. Long,

talking about a spray drift control, and so they'll have a lot of demos on that.

 Then we'll move to Dr. Warren, Dr. Rocateli, and Dr. Taylor talking about soil conservation, forage systems, and biosystem engineering.

 We'll finish up with the Magruder Plots, and we'll talk about the history of Magruder with Dr. Bowman.

 We'll talk about the data that's been collected in the future of soil fertility based upon Magruder Plots.

 Then we'll end up with a lunch.

>>> And that's pretty remarkable because 125 years of soil fertility, just right over here behind us, and it's open to the public.

>>> Open to the public.

 Come out and see.

 The plots are in great shape.

 You'll really be able to see the difference when it comes to the field day.

>>> Okay, thank you much, Brian.

 And we'll put a link to more information on that on our website sunup.okstate.edu.

  (acoustic guitar music) 

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Any of us in the cow-calf business have those one or two or maybe a few more cows that are just pretty unruly.

 Those that have that bad temperament.

 They may be good big stout cows that give some milk,

 but we kinda like to have a reason to send them on to town and get them out of our hair.

 Well, now there's another good reason for culling what I just basically call a wild cow.

 Research done back about eight years ago at University of Florida,

looked at temperament of beef cows and how it related to their reproductive capabilities.

  And what they did was they had about 400 head of cows over a couple year period of time,

 and they scored them for temperament.

  Each time that they were in a working chute,

they gave them a one through five score.

 One being if they just stood still and acted pretty normal.

 Five being if they just were just chaotic when they were in the working chute.

 Gave them that score.

 Then, they also would walk among them out in a pen

and scored those cows individually again from one to five,

depending upon how they acted when a person would walk into the cow pen with those individuals.

 Finally, each time they worked those cows through a working chute,

 they gave them what they call an exit velocity score.

 In other words, how fast they would depart that working chute.

 And again, one being very calm, five being those that just jetted out very, very rapidly, very excitedly.

 While they worked those cows,

they also took blood samples and analyzed the blood for the hormone cortisol.

 Cortisol is the fight or flight hormone that will be raised in any mammal whenever they're stressed or excited.

 Bottom line to this research was that they found a relationship

between high cortisol levels  and those temperament scores with lower reproduction  in those excitable cows.

 And I want to point out that in this particular data set,

 this was a situation where these cows were all naturally bred.

 In other words,

it wasn't an artificial insemination type program,

where we know that excitable cows are a little harder to get bred.

 But this was in a natural breeding situation.

 Therefore, even those of us that are just going to use breeding pastures

and turn in bulls, have a reason to cull those real excitable cows

because they're a little less likely to get bred this breeding season,

and a little less likely to bring us home a calf next year.

 We hope this helps you as you're making your decisions this fall as to which cows you might want to cull out of your herd,

and let's see if we can get a little higher percentage of docile cattle and a lower percentage of those wild, crazy ones.

 Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 (cheerful country music)

 

Road Trip "Ranchin' Oklahoma"

>>> Gant Mourer, our beef extension specialist, is here now.

 Gant, you and the team are getting ready for a bit of a road trip.

 Why don't you tell us what's going on?

>>> Yeah, we are, our beef extension group here in the animal science department is putting together an animal science road trip for southwest Oklahoma.

 So myself and Marty New, our area livestock specialist,

has spent a lot of time on putting a tour together so we could go visit ranches in that part of the state.

>>> And there's some diversity among the operations that you chose.

 Tell us what folks will be exposed to.

>>> Yep, absolutely.

 So, we're actually going to house, if you will, in the land of Ada, Lawton.

 And from there, we'll move north of Lawton into the Elgin-Fletcher area 

and we're gonna go see the Blue Cattle Company, MCS Cattle Company, and the Glover Cattle Company on one day.

 And keep in mind, these are three fairly progressive operations.

 Both purebred and commercial operations.

 And we're gonna spend some quality time there.

 We're not just gonna get off the bus and see some animals.

 We want to be able to visit with those producers,

talk about ideas amongst producers,

and visit, and see what they have going on.

>>> And it sounds like the way it's structured, it's an afternoon, and then the next morning.

 A day total with an overnight.

 What's that day two look like?

>>> Yep, so on day two, we're getting a start out about nine a.m.

, we're gonna head south down by Chattanooga and Frederick to the Coyote Hills Ranch,

and we're also gonna go to the Collins Cattle Operation,

which is a club calf operation as well.

>>> Why is it important to have conversations like this and get together kind of away from a meeting space where that work is actually going on?

>>> Yeah, absolutely, I think in extension, sometimes we get into those meetings,

and it's hard to really present ideas to their full scale.

  And there's some producers that are adopting these progressive ideas 

and implementing on their ranch

and showing how they've been successful over the years.

 And mind you, some of these ranches have been around for many, many years

 and been successful for many, many years.

 And we have a lot of new producers in the state,

and in economic down times,

we need to get those ideas and be as productive as possible.

>>> And share that information with folks who can use it.

 Tell us when it is and what the cost is.

>>> So we're actually, again, we're gonna be based out of Lawton in the Apache Casino Hotel.

 So we're gonna leave the hotel at about 12:30 on May 31st,

and we'll go tour north of Lawton.

 We're gonna come back to the hotel for a reception, and again, some more one-on-one time to visit with those producers.

 And then we'll leave the hotel again on June 1st, at about 9 a.m.

 to wrap up the second day's activities.

 So there is a minimal cost involved,

and that cost is just gonna cover the vans to get everybody to the ranches.

 And then do contact the Apache Casino Hotel to book your own room.

 We're not gonna be responsible for that,

so we ask producers to be able to do that,

and the registration is online,

which I think we'll put on the SUNUP website.

>>> Terrific, Gant, thanks a lot.

 And for more information on the road trip, go to sunup.okstate.edu.

 (guitar music) 

 

Market Monitor

>>> Well, the first WASDE report of 2017 came out and Kim, what did you find in the report.

>>> Well, if you look at the wheat numbers, the 2017 wheat,

one billion 820 million bushels.

 Remember we had 2.31 billion bushels last year.

 You look at the.

Now that's good for the U.S. to be down that much,

but if you look at the world is 27.1 billion bushels compared to 27.7 last year,

 which was a record, goes back to the record that was set in '15 at 27 one.

 I think there is good news that there was lower production in the United States, in Russia, Canada, Australia.

 Those are all hard red winter wheat in competing countries,

and so I think it's looking good on the production side.

>>> Now, as we scale that down to a local level, how do Oklahoma numbers look?

>>> Well if you look at Oklahoma production numbers, it came in at 89.1 million bushels.

 You know, the Wheat Tour had that at 100 million, so we'll see how that holds.

 It was 136.5 million bushels last year.

 If you look at hard red winter wheat, I've been talking about 800 or less.

 It came in at 737 million bushels, 1.1 billion bushels, just less than that last year.

 All winter wheat, 1.25 billion bushels.

 Last year was 1.67 billion bushels.

 So the U.S. numbers and Australia, Russia, and those are moving in the right direction.

>>> Let's talk about the ending stocks, cause I mean that's what it's really all about.

>>> You bet.

 You look at the ending stocks for United States, again, good news with the lower production.

 914 million bushels, down from 1.16 billion,

but the world ending stocks, they're looking at them because of the big increase in beginning stocks,

or this year's ending stocks, 9.5 billion bushels, up from 9.4.

  And you know, world stocks trump U.S. stocks,  and so we should have some positive price increase,

but it'll be limited by those world stocks.

>>> So we're kind of in a big hole when it comes to stocks.

 How long is it gonna take us to get out of this hole?

>>> Well the general consensus, it's gonna take about two years.

 Now, I think this is a good start.

 We had lower planted acres in the United States, Russia, Canada, Australia, and the other countries, so we had less planted acres.

 We've had record production.

 We're looking at slightly above average yields this year,

so we're moving in the direction, but general consensus is,

it's gonna take two years,

which we'll have to get into the '18, '19 marketing year to get really good prices.

>>> Okay, thank you much Kim Anderson, Grain Marketing Specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

 (guitar music) 

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> It's May in Oklahoma.

 That means it's time for severe storms, rain, hail, wind and tornadoes.

 May is also the time of the year for the ripening of winter wheat and canola crops,

and farmers are planting summer crops of watermelon, okra, soybean, cotton and peanuts.

 May is a dicey time for farmers.

 They want the rain, but no one want hail, damaging winds, or a tornado.

 For a farmer's field of standing wheat,

hail and wind are the most destructive.

 A year's work can be destroyed in minutes.

 The plus side of storms moving through the state is the rain they leave behind.

 Wednesday night, a long line of severe storms moved through the state.

 This radar image from 9:42 Wednesday night, shows the line from Osage County to Stillwater to Oklahoma City to Duncan.

 Some quarter size hail was reported, and a short-lived tornado in Tillman County.

 That was the downside.

 What farmers really liked was the rain they received while these storms moved through the state.

 The green bands were areas that received more than an inch of rain by 9:35 Wednesday night.

 Altus had collected two and three-hundredths inches of rain, Fort Cobb topped that with two and 27-hundredths.

For farmers planting summer crops, Wednesdays three-day average of four inch bare soil temperatures was encouraging.

 The majority of Oklahoma soil temperatures were in the seventies.

 Southern Mesonat locations at Waurika and Burneyville were the hotspots at 78 degrees.

 Not far behind, a lot of western and central Oklahoma Mesonat sites had three-day averages in the mid seventies.

 Cherokee, Woodward, and Slapout,

all close to the Kansas border, were at 74 degrees.

 Summer crops love mid 70 temperatures.

 Seeds planted in those temperatures will emerge soon after planting.

 With Mesonat's continuous data collection and reporting we can check in on how soil temperatures fluctuate over the past days.

 This graph of four-inch soil temperatures under sod at Fort Cobb,

shows the warming during the day and cooling at night.

 What a farmer is looking for is the upward climb as the temperature cycles.

 Under bare soil, the daytime temperatures climb higher but also cool more at night,

so there is more temperature fluctuation.

 Combining the two graphs,

the brown line of bare soil temperature shows the large daily fluctuation compared

to the green line of soil temperatures under sod.

 The sod acts as a mulch layer to insulate the soil beneath it;

this is one of the reasons why mulch is a benefit for no-till crops, garden vegetables, and landscape beds.

 With warmer temperatures and rainy spells, disease infection hours have started climbing.

 A map of Pecan Scab infections hours from Wednesday evening shows accumulations in McCurtain County in the far Southeast.

 Sallisaw, Centrahoma, and Tishomingo were not far behind.

 Even Gurthrie and Minco in central Oklahoma had recorded a couple of hours of Pecan Scab.

Thanks for joining us for this edition of the Mesonat Weather Report.

 (light country music playing) 

 

Probiotics for poultry

>>> Finally, today, we learn about OSU research aimed at improving poultry health.

 Sunup videographer, Kristin Loveland, put together this story.

>>> These birds are 10 days old today,

they were taken here last week Friday.

 There started with 432 Cod 500 broilers 

and the experiment is looking at heat stress effects and supplementation of probiotics

 verse no supplementation; and seeing how those effects can, you know, influence metabolic parameters and cortisol parameters in birds.

 And hopefully that those probiotics can alleviate some of the stress effects that heat stress causes.

>>> The industry's responding to what the consumers perceive at something that is better.

 They want to pay for something that, in this case, meat that has been produced without antibiotics.

 It has been brewing in the customers for many years.

 And now we come to a place where a lot of other countries

have decided that they will grow their meat without antibiotics.

 And it's possible,

it's just that you need to have a good set of tools

that you can use and do the job that antibiotics were doing.

>>> So with that, causes challenges

 and new opportunities because probiotics could be a possible supplementation and opportunity to use instead of the antibiotics.

 However, you know, there's a lot of challenges.

 Feeding the correct probiotics,

they all have different strains of bacteria.

 So probiotics are direct-fed microbial live bacterial source;

so what that does when the animal ingests that is it causes a positive effect in the animals gut or the colon.

 Good bacteria in the animal should be able to flourish more rapidly

and cause a positive effect.

 It could cause villi, the little finger-like projections in the small intestine to grow longer and increase in height,

which allows the animal to more readily absorb nutrients in the gut

and that could help its growth and performance ultimately;

hopefully make it more healthy.

 So, the probiotics might be a supplement source instead of using antibiotics in the future.

>>> The results show something very important that they were confirming what we have seen before,

that in the very beginning of the life of the broilers are very useful.

 And also, for the first time,

we have shown that under heat stress,

probiotics help the bird to perform better.

  So, in a nutshell, probiotics help during the equivalent to the very first two stages of growth.

 So, if you will, to imagine it will be the equivalent to the infancy and the adolescent life of human beings

 is when you need a lot more protection than when you are mature.

 When we're mature, we have our immune system a little bit more developed.

 But when you're a infant or adolescent there are still a lot of changes occurring.

 Probably at least, it's just a fascinating field.

 I think we are just beginning to understand how important they are in giving us protection

and helping to acquire a lot more things that before we were just thinking medicine can provide.

  But I think overall,

it will be, in the future,

will be a combination of what is good for you,

what is specific state of health, animal farms, or humans will be,

and what will be the most appropriate probiotics that would help to alleviate that state.

>>> By the way, that was Kristin's last story for Sunup,

she's onto a new job and we wish her the very best.

 And that does it for us this week for Sunup.

 Remember, you can find us anytime on our website and also follow us on Youtube and social media.

 I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week everyone! And we'll see you next time at Sunup.

 (upbeat music playing) 

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