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Stillwater, OK 74078

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Transcript for December 7, 2017

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Topdress, more for your money
  • Canola Update & Canola College
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Red River Crops Conference
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Let me tell you about the wasps and the bees
  • Naturally Speaking


(cheerful music) 

Topdress, more for your money

>>> Good morning and welcome to SUNUP, I'm Dave Deken, and a lot of producers are thinking about top-dressing this time of year.

 Brian, is this the best time to be doing it?

>>> Normally this is the time of year you'd want to be top-dressing, at least making your top-dress plans.

 This year it's a tough year when some of the considerations you start thinking about what's going on.

 First we look at what happened at pre-plant this year.

 There's a lot of people that held off nitrogen application just due to fertilizer price and grain price,

and so typically at this time of year, we'd be seeing a lot of top-dressing happening.

 But a big part of the state right now is a little bit moisture-limited,

and so the question begs do you pull the trigger or do you not?

I have to look at this in two different aspects: first, how's your soil moisture?

We do have some of the state that had some decent rains and decent soil moisture.

 And so the answer is, if you've got good soil moisture now,

and you don't have nitrogen on yet, you definitely need to be making that decision, pulling that trigger.

 At a minimum, even if you're gonna be short on nitrogen or wanting to limit your input,

you need 40 to 60 pounds of nitrogen on right now based upon your yield goal if you have good soil moisture.

 Of course, we'd like it in front of a rain.

 Even if you have good soil moisture, you want that nitrogen to be applied in front of a rain or snow event to make sure you get good infiltration into the soil and good root uptake.

 However, on the dry side, as we start moving into the areas that are a little bit dryer,

 you have to look at it as, are you going to be conservative on the yield side or on the input side?

Right here in Stillwater, and around our area, we have very little soil moisture,

and so if I'm going to be conservative on the yield,

I still want to put out 40 or 60 pounds of nitrogen even though I have this cold spell, and in front of some kind of rain event.

 If I want to be conservative on input,

and my costs going into that field, and waiting out,

then I may pre-buy if the price is right, but hold onto it  until we get soil moisture again and move into the spring.

 Right now, we have time to make that decision.

 We still have a month or two before it really gets tight on our window of application.

 So there's a chance, if we get rain, you still get an opportunity to get on top of that field.

 >>> What's the end deadline on putting down nitrogen?

 >>> The end deadline is going to be a little bit dependent upon your end game.

 Is it grain only?

I would like to see nitrogen down before hollow stem.

 We have some good research that shows that if it's responsive, you can go past hollow stem,

 but you don't want to go much past hollow stem.

 If it's grazed, and you're going for graze-out then it's really about any time that cattle are on and you see the response.

 And I'll go back to the stand-by is the N-rich strip.

 Any time that N-rich strip shows up is when you want to be getting out there.

 We've had N-rich strips show up in November this year, and we've got some that I expect to start showing up in the next 30 to 45 days.

 So that strip being responsive or different than the rest of the field is a good indicator it's time.

 And we can go after hollow stem, I just prefer to be up in front of that.

 >>> Now Kim Anderson always says produce the best crop we can, but nitrogen's gonna play a role in that.

 How do you justify putting down nitrogen for a crop that you may not get a full return on?

>>> You know, that's a tough one, and it's that balance.

 You know, our yield is limited by the most limiting component.

  It's either going to be nitrogen or water.

 So what part of the state you're in right now is that determining factor.

 Are you in the southwest where they got some decent rainfall and have some good soil moisture?

Nitrogen's your limiting factor, and you want to get as much on as you can afford to get to that yield level you're expecting.

 In the water-limited area right now, especially Payne County and the surrounding areas,

water is our limiting factor, not nitrogen.

 But as soon as we get rain, if we get spring rains, that's going to transition.

So we need to be ready to get (mumbles) when we get the spring rains.

 >>> Okay, thank you much Brian.

 And now with an update on the canola crop, here's Josh Lofton.


Canola Update & Canola College

  >>> Well, as far as the canola crop around the state, we pretty much looks like this.

 The really heavy freezes have really done a number on it.

 It's really taken a toll on the above ground portion, which is what we see here.

 See a lot of brown material.

 We've heard a lot of growers call and say, "We're starting to smell the canola.

 What's wrong with it?

Is it is it gonna make it?

" And that's what we're gonna see when we get those really, really flash, really heavy frosts or freezes,

is we're gonna get a lot of death of this above ground tissue.

 If you have a good below ground portion to this crop,

you're gonna do better in the winter than if you were to have just a lot of above ground, but not a whole lot of root.

 So the good thing is we had such good fall temperatures,

we had good for moisture, that we got some really good root growth,

and this crop is surviving, because of that root growth we got.

 And we see that a crop here, this was a canola crop that was planted in mid-August.

 So this is probably one of the first canola planted in the state, and we see that it had this tremendous above-ground portion.

 That's all gone, but what we always like to see, that growth point is really tucked up really close to that soil surface,

even though it's in no till, the residue is kinda compacted down, because of that moisture and that rainfall.

 It's really done nicely to keep that crown really close to soil surface,

which is what we like to see, and that's what we're seeing across the state pretty much right now.

 We have something here, and it's a above ground portion of something we picked up out of this one.

 We see a lot of this material is gone.

 We even see some of the smaller leaves that, you know, are typically tucked down deep into this growth point.

 The tips of them have been seared off and they're all gone.

 But once again, the bread and butter or where you look at is the crown.

 And if you look here, it's still fleshy, it's got a lot of moisture to it.

 The above and below ground looks really good.

 If you look at something that was planted three weeks later,

we still see, I mean this was taken not but a quarter mile from here, and we still see that the frost got it,

but because all of its vegetative tissue is kind of tucked down in here, we see a lot of green material still.

 And this is what it'll look like if growers planted first of August, or sorry, first of October, middle of October.

 This is what you're gonna see.

 If you planted real early and you've got a lot of above ground growth, this is kinda what you're gonna see.

 Talked to a grower this morning.

 He started to have a little bolting so that canola plant going from vegetative to reproductive,

that's a concern, because once you do that, that growth point has been elevated.

 But for everybody else that that kind of looks like this, if you haven't kind of gone through that stage, everybody else probably should look like this.

 It's probably gonna be okay.

 All you gotta do is take your shovel.

 For some folks, because it's so dry, that shovel's gonna be a little bit tough to get down in the ground.

 Take the shovel, get the crown out, take your pocket knife, cut it open.

 You'll see that a majority of plants are still doing really well.

 Canola College is coming up really early this year.

 It's a great event for growers.

 If you're able to, I highly recommend going.

 Canola College, January 19th.

 It doesn't cost anything.

 Come on out, we'll be glad to get you signed up, but if you can, go ahead and register early and make sure to attend the event.

 It's gonna be a good one.

 (upbeat folk music)


Cow-Calf Corner

>>>As we get ever closer to the spring calving season, it's time to think about how we can best save the most number of calves out of our cow herd this year.

 One of the ways, of course, is to provide assistance to those cows, or especially young heifers that might need some help.

And that would be a whole lot easier if these cattle would have a high percentage of them calving during daylight hours.

 Well, there is a method that can be used that seems to encourage a higher percentage of the cattle to calve between, say, 6:00 AM in the morning and 6:00 PM in the evening.

 It's called the Konefal Method, named after a rancher in Canada that back in the '70s discovered that if he changed the feeding time of his herd that it seemed to encourage a higher percentage of calves to come in daylight hours.

 Research has been done extensively on this subject and tends to bear out what ol' Gus Konefal found out in Canada back in the 1970s.

 Most recently some data comes from the Kansas State Experiment Station at Fort Hays up in northwest Kansas.

 They kept track of that herd over a five year period of time

and what they did was feed the sorghum hay every evening right around dusk

and they kept track of the calving pattern of those cows over that five year period of time.

 What they found was that when they did that it looked like about 34% of the calves came in the four hour period between 6:00 AM and 10:00 AM.

 Another 21.2% came between  10:00 AM and 2:00 PM and then another nearly 30% of the calves actually arrived between 2:00 PM and 6:00 PM.

 That left only 15% of the calves that were delivered between 6:00 PM in the evening and 6:00 AM the following morning.

 That seems to reiterate some of the other research that's been done around the country that suggests that if we can move the evening, the feeding to evening,

that we get a high percentage of these cows that calve during daylight hours.

 One of the questions that'll always come up, well, I put out big round bales where the cows have access to it 24/7.

 What happens if we just change the supplement feeding to around dusk, or 5:00 PM in the evening?

Research here at Oklahoma State tended to show that it had a similar effect, perhaps not as dramatic.

 We had a record of about 70% of the cows calving between 6:00 AM and 6:00 PM when we changed the supplement feeding from earlier in the day until about 5:00 PM in the evening.

 What some ranchers tell me is that they have had success by controlling when the cows have access to the big round bales.

 In other words, they put the big round bales in the bale feeder behind a fence and then open the gate to that particular pasture in the early evening hours

and then the following morning run the cows back out of that area into their normal pasture, grazing area, until the following evening.

 And they have reported good success in terms of having a high percentage of the calves coming in daylight hours.

 It certainly looks like this method tends to work, will help us get a higher percentage of calves coming when we're likely to give them some assistance,

and have a little better survival rate from that particular calf crop.

 Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 (upbeat jovial music) 


Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our Crop Marketing Specialist, is here now and Kim let's jump right in with prices and this bump that we're talking about.

 >>> Well, since Christmas we've got about 25-30 cent price increase.

 We got a nickel increase in the bases this week.

 I think that's good, that shows, I think, demand's still strong.

 And we've had a 25-30 cent increase in that March futures contract.

 Our cash prices are, in Oklahoma, now are mostly in the $3.20 to $3.40 range and that's a whole lot better than that $2.60 to $2.80 we had in late fall and early winter.

 >>> I love this good news and this rally.

 What could cause prices to go up a little bit more or start to decline again?

>>> Well, the next thing coming down the pike is the USDA Supply and Demand report.

 That comes out the 12th of this month.

 We've essentially completed our 2016-17 world wheat crop.

 Our next harvest will be India, Pakistan, North Africa, that part of the world.

 That'll start in March, April, and May.

 You've got the Dollar Index, it peaked out at 103.

 It backed off a little bit this week but it's still relatively high.

 That's impacting our prices.

 Our, the United States, the Texas, Oklahoma wheat crop,

the hard grade winter wheat crop will be the next world wheat crop to be harvested for export and so the world's gonna be watching our crop conditions.

 They're not as good as they were last year, that report came out this week and the conditions are worse than last year.

 That's positive price-wise.

 The world doesn't need anymore wheat.

 We've got adequate amounts of wheat.

 What the world needs is quality and that quality is gonna be a big determination of our price.

 >>> And then what do you think could happen long-term?

>>> Well, I think for the next couple of weeks, until we get into the March, April, May time period, I think wheat prices are just gonna wallow around.

 I can't see them backing up very much as long as we maintain this export demand.

 I'm looking right now at harvest with a good quality test weight and protein.

 I think we could have $4.25 wheat in June.

 >>> Okay, Kim, thanks a lot.

 We'll see you next week.

 And now a word from our Extension Cotton Specialist, Randy Bowman, about the upcoming Red River Crops Conference.


Red River Crops Conference

  >>> We have a, what we feel is a really good program coming up, with our colleagues from the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service,

and our folks, with Oklahoma Cooperative Extension.

 We have been planning this, now, for several months.

 But, that particular meeting, is going to be January 24th and 25th.

 We cover so much material, in that particular conference, that we feel that we need two days to do it.

 And one is a full day on cotton, that we will have speakers from the Texas A&M system, as well as from our system there, covering that.

 And also on the, what we refer to as the other crops day, on the 25th,

we will have some updates on canola production, grain sorghum, foraged sorghum, and pasture management,

 and I believe some cover cropping issues, will be covered.

 And, this year's conference, we will be in Childress, Texas, at the brand spanking new event center, there.

 We're going to have some speakers from the A&M system, like Jason Woodward, Dr. Jason Woodward, here, from the Texas A&M Center, at Lubbock.

 And he's going to be talking about, he's a pathologist, a plant pathologist, he's going to be talking about this bacterial blight problem,

that we more or less continue to see flaring up, in areas across the Cotton Belt,

 and, certainly, we got a really significant dose of, this year.

 >>> [Announcer] For more information about the upcoming Red River Crops Conference, visit our website,

  (folk music) 


Mesonet Weather

>>> Oklahoma's temperatures have really been swinging lately.

 One of the impacts from that, is more winter cold damage, on plants, than we have seen for a number of years.

 Weed plants, near Chickasha, showed definite damaged upper leaves on Wednesday,

tillers and leaves down near the ground still had good, healthy green color.

 Along with the cold, our lack of moisture has added to plant injury.

 A map of rainfall from the system that went through, early Monday morning, showed only a few locations received more than a half inch of rain,

Pauls Valley, Ringling, Madill, Mount Herman, Broken Bow, and Idabel.

 On a percent of plant available water map, from Wednesday, the top 16 inches of soil had good moisture, in the green areas,

yellow areas had under half the amount of plant available water the soils could hold,

brown areas had less than 20 percent of soil water available for plants.

 What adds to concerns about dryness, is that these soil moisture measurements are based on soils at the mesonet sites, under dormant grasses.

 Nearby fields, with growing wheat and canola, are going to be drier.

 Let's hope we get some slower soaking rainfall soon, across the state.

 Here's Gary, with more on our expanding drought.

 Thanks Al, and good morning everyone, and Happy New Year.

 Welcome to 2017, it's been really cold lately.

 You may have gotten a little bit of snow, but if you have drought, it probably didn't help very much.

 So, let's get straight to the newest drought monitor map, and see what we have.

 Well, the new map is just as ugly as the last one, if not a little bit uglier.

 We see that severe to extreme drought starting to spread even more,

we have more of that extreme, or the red color, that's the D3, down across southeastern Oklahoma,

and then that darker brownish color, that's the severe drought, and that extends, now, all the way from southeastern Oklahoma, through the western Oklahoma Panhandle.

 So, that severe to extreme drought is starting to increase, and around that area we see an increase in the moderate drought.

 This is the departure from normal rainfall map, for 2016.

 As we can see, much of central, all the way through eastern Oklahoma, oh, anywhere from three to more than 12 inches below normal,

and that also extends up into northwestern Oklahoma.

 The best place for moisture, in the state, was southwestern Oklahoma.

 Now, the departure from normal temperature map, as you can see, again, our third warmest year on record, for the state of Oklahoma,

behind 2012, and 1954,  so, not a good record to have.

 But, you can see, it was warm all over, a very warm first four or five months of the year, and then a very warm last four or five months of the year.

 That's what really did it, and that's what helped that drought to accelerate, as we got into fall, and to early winter.

 Now, the latest U.S. monthly drought outlook, from the Climate Prediction Center, unfortunately, we see no improvements through the end of January, at least according to their outlook,

 but we do see some possible development, up in north central Oklahoma, and also out in the western Panhandle.

 So, we're entering 2017, in a little bit of trouble, with drought.

 Hopefully, we can start to get more storm systems in here, and start to knock a little bit of it out, before springtime, when we hope for some really good precipitation.

That's it for this time.

 We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

 (guitar music)


Let me tell you about the wasps and the bees

 >>> In the winter, you may not think of bees and wasps, but this is a great time of year to learn about them.

 Here's Eric Rebek.

 (upbeat music)

>>> Bees and wasps are both beneficial and serve as pests.

  Ecologically speaking they're beneficial from the standpoint that, especially with bees, they're pollinators.

 So they're useful in the reproduction of plants, in particularly, are agriculturally important to our horticulturally important plants.

 They also can serve as pests in the standpoint that they can sting.

 They sting to defend themselves.

 When they're defending themselves, they're either in harms way, or they're trying to defend their nest.

 Wasps can serve as pollinators, but they're more important in terms of their predatory role in the environment.

 So this time of year they're eating a lot of caterpillar pests you might find in your garden or your field.

 They can also serve in another important role as parasitic insects.

  So, they're laying their eggs in or on a pest insect.

 So we have this kind of dichotomy, they're either predatory or they're parasitic.

 But, of course, like the bees, wasps can also be nuisance pests in the sense that they will sting you.

 So bees and wasps typically are pests in the summertime when there's plentiful food sources around, nectar and pollen from flowers, pest insects that they might be trying to use as a food source.

 And they can be active through the fall months as well until it gets cold enough that they just can't be active anymore, there's no food sources available.

 So they, themselves, again those overwintering queens will get ready to bed down, so to speak, and hibernate, and carry on that species or that colony the next season.

 So the rest of the colony will die off.

 Really, when it comes to the biology of these critters, the most important members are those that are reproductive because those are the ones that are going to carry on the species later on.

 Largely these are social insects, so they have division of labor associated with them.

 So the vast majority of what you see flying around are the workers.

 That's the worker caste and they're out there collecting the food, defending the nest.

 If they're in the hive or the nest, they're tending to the eggs and the larvae that are developing.

 But it's really those queens that are the most important because they are the ones that will contribute their genes and start that colony the next year.

 (upbeat music)

(fire crackling) 

(bird tweeting)


Naturally Speaking

>>> One of the things that we got to think about and one thing that we live with here in Oklahoma, is wildfire.

 And wildfires can occur pretty much any time of year, but the biggest majority of our wildfires that we have in Oklahoma, typically run from around November to March,

the winter time when fuels are dormant, vegetation's dormant, and we get a lot of drier humidities and things and that's when we get a lot of the big wildfires.

 It's typically during those winter months.

 And so, coming into the winter there's things that we should think about on how we might want to protect our home and protect some of the things on our property from wildfire damage.

Several things that we can do to protect our house the best that we can from wildfire;

one of them is to make sure we mow that lawn there at the end, get it really short, keep the grass down around it real short,

keep grass around our home and stuff short as far out as we can get it.

 Also, again, if you have a lot of trees, hardwood trees that drop their leaves,

 make sure you go ahead and rake those things up, remove those, don't let them build up around the house or underneath the house,

underneath your deck or things like that, where fire and embers can get in and cause that kinda damage.

 Cause the thing we need to remember is most home damage that occurs with wildfires typically occurs after the fire front passes by the house;

 it's from smouldering embers and stuff that are landed in flammable materials around the house that start the fire.

 One of the most obvious things is if you have a fireplace, wood-burning stove, and you stack wood up on your house.

 Don't stack it, it's very convenient to have it stacked on the back porch by the door but think about if embers get in that, that can cause a fire.

 Another thing that we should consider is in areas where we live where there're a lot of trees and stuff around our home is to make sure we have stuff cleaned up around it,

we prune those trees up where we don't have vegetation and stuff, limbs all the way down to the ground.

 Also in areas where you have a lot of Eastern Red Cedar you wanna get those back away from the house, cut those things down,

get them totally removed so they're not a fuel hazard.

 Kinda like this setting that we're at here, these folks have the concern about their house being so close to this area here where a lot of trees,

and historically it had a lot of cedar trees growing up in it, they come back in here, remove the cedar trees, open it up.

 If any kind of fire comes through here it's gonna stay on the ground, it's not gonna be a crown fire,

a big hot fire coming up against their house,

 be easier to put out and easier to protect that home.

 And thinking about removing the vegetation,

picking up around the house, making sure everything's clean, that way you can protect your house,

it'll be easier for a fire department to come to protect your house in case of an emergency like that in a wildfire.

 The less flammable stuff that you have around it the better off you're gonna be.

 (light country music) 

>>> Well, that does it for us this week on SUNUP.

 If there was something on the show that you'd like to learn more about, visit our website  and while you're there check out our social media.

 I'm Dave Deken and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP. 

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