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Transcript for December 17, 2016

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Cattle...
  • Cow Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Red River Crops Conference
  • Food Whys
  • This Little Piggy Went to Duncan

 

Cattle...

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to Sunup, I'm Lyndall Stout.

 It's that time of year when hay feeding really picks up for Oklahoma cattle producers,

and joining us now for some tips on feeding efficiency is Dave Lalman, our extension beef cattle specialist,

and Dave there's lots of different techniques, but let's start first with hay feeder design.

>>> There are a lot of different designs available,

and most of the cattle producers here in Oklahoma of course have a hay feeder,

and so some of the research that we did several years ago showed dramatic differences in hay waste,

just based on the type of feeder that was used.

 So this one behind us may be a good example.

 You see quite a bit of waste on the ground there with that feeder.

 That was actually an intermediate, in terms of hay waste, an intermediate style feeder,

but it's got a solid ring around the bottom,

and it turns out compared to what we can an open feeder,

one I like to think of as like an Ag shop feeder that's just got three rings, and then some vertical braces, those type hay feeders wasted about 21%.

 The type you see behind me here wasted about 13.

 So that solid bottom was worth about 8%.

 And then if you go up from there to another design that has both a solid bottom,

and some sort of a basket or cone design to hold that bale of hay towards the middle of the feeder, that was worth another 8% savings in hay waste.

 So, a total of 5% waste in those cone or basket style feeders with the solid ring,

and 21% hay waste at the extreme other end with the open hay feeder.

>>> [Lyndall] Really made a difference in your bottom line when you look at the whole winter.

>>> Yeah, that adds up, 16% from one type to the other, that adds up pretty quick.

>>> Another way to work on feed efficiency would be to limit grazing,

and we have another example right behind us, these cattle in this wheat field here, correct?

>>> Yes ma'am, they're limit grazing wheat,

but you can use, and so we're gonna stretch one acre of wheat for cow/calf pairs a long way this winter.

  We're gonna have pretty high stock (mumbles) but those cows are only getting access to that wheat somewhere between nine and 12 hours a week.

 So we're limit-grazing them, but you can do the same thing with a hay bale and a hay feeder if you have a way to open a gate,

and let the cows into the hay feeder for oh, the guideline is six to eight hours, depending on hay quality and cow nutrient requirements.

 And then at the end of that period, six, eight, nine hours, you just go out and push the cows out and shut the gate again.

 So it's limiting access to the hay,

and the studies show that that reduces hay waste and improves digestibility of the hay by somewhere in the neighborhood of around 15%.

>>> And producers can still meet their goals for the finished cow I guess?

>>> Yes, for her body condition.

  Probably limiting access to really low quality hay is maybe not the best use of that technique.

 Real old cows that don't have good teeth,

maybe two year old heifers, because they have high nutrient requirements, that may not be the best,

but middle aged cows in good body condition with average quality grass hay, or high quality hay,

limiting access to feeders is a great way to reduce your winter feed bill.

>>> This is something I hadn't really thought about, but how about unrolling the round bale, is there naturally some waste there, right? 

>>> Oh yes, and that's a very popular method to feed hay too.

  In that case, the producer just about has control over the hay waste.

 The more you feed per animal, the more they're going to waste.

 And so if you limit their access, you know, just calculate about what you think they need,

and maybe feed that much or a little less,

so that they're encouraged to clean it up every day,

you can probably minimize, I said 5% on the most extravagant hay feeder,

you can probably limit their waste to 5% and below by rolling it out and limiting their access.

 But you know, if you roll out enough hay and they use it for bedding, they're gonna waste a lot of it.

>>> They are definitely.

 Okay, some great things to think about, of course that bottom line is always part of the conversation.

>>> Makes a big difference.

>>> Alright Dave, thanks a lot, and we'll see you again soon.

 

Cow-Calf Conrer

>>> In the past we've talked about preparing for the upcoming spring calving season.

 Part of the preparation is to have some colostrum on hand to give to those high-risk calves.

 We want to make sure that they get the disease protection that they would need in order to survive and make it up to weening time, and the sale time next fall.

 Some of those high-risk calves may be those that were born in a difficult birth, took a long time for the delivery to take place.

 Or they're born to a two year old heifer that doesn't look like she's going to have much milk to provide the colostrum that that calf needs.

 In either case, we want to be able to provide, best of all, natural colostrum if we can, to that calf within the first six hours of life, and then repeat it again 12 hours later.

 Colostrum may be obtained from, say a neighboring dairy in your area.

 They would have dairy cows pretty much around the year, so you might check with them to see if they would let you have, or buy some colostrum from those cows.

 If you get colostrum, from another operation, whether it be a dairy or another beef operation,

 I would want to know that that particular situation has never had Johne's disease.

 That can be transferred to your operation through colostrum.

 So keep that in mind.

  If natural colostrum is not available, then consider going to the local feed store and purchasing what's called colostrum replacer.

 This is something that you can purchase, they're reasonably expensive, but they can be worth it if you need it.

 A replacer is one that will have a minimum of 100g of immunoglobulin per dose, and that's important that you look on the label to make sure that that's the case.

 Colostrum replacers then can be used to give that calf that doesn't get enough colostrum from the mother,

and get them that start that they need to get the immunoglobulins in the blood stream to give them some disease protection.

 Either way, we think it's important that you prepare for this, get ready for this upcoming calving season,

and by having some colostrum, or colostrum replacer on hand, perhaps you can save just a few more calves.

 Hey, we look forward to seeing you next week on Sunup's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Darrell Peel, our livestock marketing specialist is here now, and Darrell you have some new trade data to talk about, give us an overview.

>>> For beef exports in the month of October, we're up about 17% compared to last year.

 We're up over 9% for the year-to-date for the for the first 10 months of the year.

 And those exports were led by a strong export growth in October to the Asian markets, Japan and South Korea in particular.

 They were offset slightly by lower exports to Mexico and Canada.

 Mexico is still up for the year-to-date, but it was down in October.

 Canada has been down a little bit this year.

>>> How about imports?

>>> On the imports, again we've been seeing less imports this year as prices have adjusted down in the US market.

 Imports were down in the month of October.

 We're down for the year-to-date.

 Led by sharp decreases from Australia, down over 50% in the month of October.

 Down about 40% for the year-to-date from Australia.

Again, that's being partially offset by a little bit of increased imports from Canada and Mexico but overall, we're still down for the year.

>>> Now in terms of cattle imports, what kind of numbers are you seeing?

>>> On the cattle side, we're getting less cattle from Canada and Mexico.

 You know Mexican imports in particular we're off sharply, over 50 percent in the month of October.

 They're down about 27 percent for the year to date.

 With Canada, we get a couple of different kinds of cattle, so slaughter cattle is actually up a bit for the year,

but feeder cattle imports are down overall from Canada and overall imports from the two countries is down.

>>> Of course, we're kind of winding down 2016 now, how is early 2017 shaping up in your mind?

>>> Well, as far as the trade picture, I think we'll see a continuation of what we've got now.

 Obviously, there's some uncertainty about how the new President, or the new federal administration will react to trade,

so there's potential there that we'll see some trade disruptions, but assuming that doesn't happen,

we expect to continue to see increasing exports, decreasing imports.

 The exchange rate is very important.

 The US dollar is still very strong and that makes a headwind against exports and actually favors imports,

but despite that I think we will continue to see progress on the trade front.

>>> Okay, Darrell Peel, thanks a lot, we'll see you soon.

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet weather report.

 With rain on the short supply across much of Oklahoma there are more areas with low soil moisture.

 Our rainfall over the last 30 days has been extremely low in most areas in Oklahoma.

 The blue areas in the state received less than an inch from mid-November to mid-December.

 Exceptions were the southwest and the southeast.

 McCurtain County received five plus inches of rain.

 The areas of dry soil at four inches were out in the panhandle and more localized areas near Pawnee, Oklahoma City, Bixby.

 For fractional water index, zero is dry and one is wet.

 Deeper at 10 inches, the panhandle is still dry.

 Across the central part of the state, tan and brown areas show four drier areas from west to east.

 Near Cheyenne, an expanded large area near central Oklahoma, Eufaula and near Poteau.

  At two feet, dry brown areas pop up in large portions of the state.

 Fall, winter, and early spring are important times for recharging soil moisture in Oklahoma.

 Rain for Christmas would be a great gift this year.

 Here's Gary with a look at how below normal rainfall is leading to more areas of drought.

>>> Thanks Al, and good morning everyone.

 Well, as you can tell, I'm trying to grow my beard for warmth, that means winter's here.

 Unfortunately, it doesn't spread up here as much, but I wear a stocking cap.

 But we have a bigger problem than temperatures right now and that is drought.

 Let's take a look at that latest drought monitor map because it ain't pretty.

 As you can see, we now have a large area of the northwest quarter of the state and also the southeastern into central Oklahoma area covered with severe drought.

 That's that D2 drought and then we still have that little area of red down there, the extreme drought and then we have another large area of moderate drought.

 So we now have much of the state covered by moderate to extreme drought.

 The southwestern parts of the state and the far northeast are the two areas that seem to be doing okay for now.

 We'll have to see if that continues in the future.

 Now where are we getting this massive amount of drought build up over the last month or two?

Let's take a look at the 90 day rainfall amounts from the Oklahoma Mesonet

and we do see some pretty good rainfall amounts.

 Those dark reds, again in those areas that are doing well, but we see too many of those yellows and greens and even blues.

 That's less than four inches in some cases and in some cases, it's less than an inch out in the panhandle

so we're not doing well if we look at that same time period according to percent of normal,

we see again, 

much of the state from 80 percent of normal below some parts 60 percent,

some parts 40 percent and even some parts less than 20 percent up in the northwest.

 So we are desperately needing moisture.

 One good sign we see is from the climate prediction centers eight to 14 day outlook.

 This is for December 21st through 27th.

 At least we see increased odds of above normal precipitation.

 Now we have to take into account that December it's extremely dry so above normal does not mean a drought buster,

but we'll take any moisture we can get.

 So since we are in December, and we have January, February coming up, that is the driest parts of the year,

 it's not necessarily a good time for drought relief, but we can at least hope.

 It might be spring until we see wide-spread drought relief.

 That's it for this time.

 We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Market Monitor

>>> So many times can Kim Anderson takes about world production, Kim how does U.S. paly into the picture?

>>> Well let's just go back to 1987, when the world production was about 18 billion bushels.

 That production this year is gonna be 27 billion bushels that's a 50% increase in world wheat production.

 You look at that same time period average, say the five year average U.S.

 wheat production in 1987 was about 2.3 billion bushels.

 Now that five year average runs about 2.1 billion bushels.

 But, you look at other countries lets just take Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan.

 Now, their production in the late 80s was around three billion.

 It went down below two billion in the mid to late 90s.

 It's now over four billion this year.

 So, we've seen increase in production just about everywhere around the world except in the United States.

>>> Is it a higher yield or just more planted acres in those countries?

>>> Well I think it's increased planted acres and higher yields, plus a better infrastructure equipment.

 You go to the former Soviet Union, you look at the advancements they've made since the eighties and nineties,

since The Iron Curtain fell and they went to more of a market system, you just got an improved system there now and I think that's the big reason.

>>> What do you see as far as the world trends moving forward after this?

>>> Well if you look at exports and I think that's what we got to look at is U.S. exports have been declining slightly over time as our production's been going down.

 We're averaging now about a billion bushels.

 You go back to the eighties, it was about 1.3 billion on an average annual basis.

 If you look at Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan their exports, it's gonna be over four billion this year.

 Like I said around 300 million back in '87.

 So, our export markets, they produce hard red winter wheat, has been going to the Black Sea Region, which would be Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan.

>>> Is this a cycle that we're gonna see happen over and over?

>>> I don't think so, I think it's here permanently.

 I don't see it changing any.

 It's not gonna impact our markets at all.

 What we've seen, it's happened over the last 10, 15 years.

 We realize that the U.S. wheat prices, now determined by the world market, it's gonna continue to be determined by the world market

but we also gotta realize that Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, they're producing now a better quality wheat, a good protein, a good test weight

and that's what we gotta do to compete in that market.

 We gotta have protein, test weight and milling quality wheat.

>>> Okay, thank you much Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

 

Shop Stop

>>> Hi, welcome to Shop Stop.

 Today we wanna talk a little bit about shear bolts.

>>> Okay, we talked about shear bolts in an earlier segment but today we want to talk about using the proper length of unthreaded bolt for your shear bolt.

>>> Basically, if you look at your bolt and you've got the diameter of the bolt next to the head, where it's the full diameter.

 But, once you get down to the threads, where those are cut, the actual diameter of the bolt is somewhat less.

>>> So, that means that as you're pulling on that if you're using it, and it will actually shear quicker than it would out on the shank.

>>> So, if we had this, for example if we are running through three pieces, here where the two outside pieces might be fixed and the center piece, then, is where it could shear.

 If we pulled back and looked at this, then this cross sectional area where we are is gonna be less than over next to the head of the bolt.

>>> So, what we want to do is select a bolt with a longer shank here and then make sure that extends through all three pieces.

  Where the shear is.

>>> So, now you can see that the actual full diameter of the bolt would be in the shear zone, right there.

>>> So that's tip on placing shear bolts properly.

>>> We'll see you next week on Shop Stop.

 

Red River Crops Conference

>>> We have a, what we feel is a really good program coming up, with our colleagues from the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service

and our folks, with Oklahoma Cooperative Extension.

 We have been planning this now for several months.

 But, that particular meeting is going to be January 24th and 25th.

 We cover so much material in that particular conference that we feel that we need two days to do it.

 And, one is a full day on cotton that we will have speakers from the Texas A&M system as well as from our system there covering that.

 And, also on what we refer to as the other crops day on the 25th.

 We will have some updates on canola production grain sorghum, ford sorghum and pasture management and I believe some cover cropping issues will be covered.

 And, this year's conference, we will be in Childress, Texas and the brand spankin' new event center there.

 We're gonna have some speakers from the A&M system like Jason Wooodward.

 Doctor Jason Woodward here, from the Texas A&M Center at Lubbock.

 And, he's gonna be talking about, he's a pathologist, a plant pathologist, he's gonna be talking about this bacterial blight problem,

that we more or less continue to see flaring up in areas across the cotton belt

and certainly we got a really significant dose of this year.

>>> [Narrator] For more information about the upcoming Red River Crops Conference visit our website, SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU 

 

Food Whys

>>> For many people, a tree is the centerpiece of the holiday season.

But have you ever thought about using Eastern redcedar?

Here to talk about it is Salim Hizirogul of the Fong Nong product center, and Salim, can we really use Eastern redcedar as a Christmas tree?

>>> Of course, when we see a Christmas tree of course pine, spruce are the prime species, but why not can't we use Eastern redcedar?

Surely conical small trees can be used as a Christmas tree

and we have plenty of Eastern redcedar in our state and as we all know, Eastern redcedar is considered an invasive species

but I am positively sure it can be used as a Christmas tree in addition to different types of pine and spruce species.

>>> We of course, as you mentioned, and heard a lot about Eastern redcedars

and it is a nuisance for a lot of people but there are products that can be used

and that's something that you work on.

 Talk about some of those products.

>>> Yeah, Eastern redcedar is a nuisance.

 Eastern redcedar is an invasive species, however, this species can be used to produce so many different materials.

 Of course, large trees can be used to manufacture lumber that is going to go to furniture manufacturing.

 Small trees can be used to produce some novel items for example, I have a few samples here.

 In past, we made some experimental particle board from Eastern redcedar, single layer, three layer, interior purposes, exterior purposes.

 We even made the wood plastic composites from Eastern redcedar mixing 50 percent fine particles from redcedar 50 percent recycled plastic

and you can put this all sorts of things.

 You can produce mulch for the landscape purposes.

 So I always say Eastern redcedar can be considered rather opportunity rather than the problem in our state.

 Oil is another product from Eastern redcedar.

 You can easily produce Eastern redcedar oil which has a beautiful smell

and  Eastern redcedar oil can be used for different application including pet shampoos, insect repellant and those kind of things.

>>> So lots of potential there.

 How about the berries on Eastern redcedar.

Can you eat those?

>>> Well, I'm not quite sure it can be eaten.

 I know in some of the European countries, they add those berries kind of for additive in different foods giving some flavoring.

 I also know it is used for gin production.

 They put the dry berries in it to give some taste, some flavor.

 But I'm not quite sure in the United States anybody has been eating the berries from Eastern redcedar but there is some potential there to of course.

>>> For now, though, I'll hold off, okay.

 Salim, thank you very much, great lesson today.

 

This Little Piggy Went to Duncan

>>> Finally today, every year lots of people hit the road to go see family and friends,

but only a few thousand of them are carrying swine in the backs of their trucks and trailers

and most of them are headed to Duncan, Oklahoma for one of the largest swine events in the entire country.

 Sunup's Dave Deken takes us there.

 (auctioneer calling) 

>>> First of all, you have to really like hogs and there's a lot of people that do.

>>> You know the Fall Classic has always been one of those, in some ways, a bucket list event for folks in the show pig industry.

>>> Oh this is probably the biggest event of the year as far as show pig people is concerned.

>>> Because it's bigger and down where we're at, there's not much to sell.

>>> And it's a neat time of year just prior to the show season kicking off in the southwest part of the United States for a lot of folks,

and so it's really gained popularity over the years and become a staple for most of our breeders to attend.

>>> Good luck finding a parking spot outside the expo center because there's campers, trucks, and trailers from Oregon, Ohio, Texas, and everywhere in between,

all converging on the Stephens County fairgrounds in Duncan for one of the largest swine sales in the country.

  (auctioneer chanting)

>>> It's a reunion, you just get to see a lot of friends and stuff that you normally don't get to see from other parts of the country,

and for them to see the trend-setting gilts, or the boars and stuff that's coming out, it's just the place to be to get set for the next year.

>>> We've never seen it before.

 We decided that if we were gonna come, we were gonna bring pigs.

 Lots of new faces and meeting new people, and you've got to go to this stuff to keep in touch with what's going on.

>>> [Dave] Some of the buyers are looking for show projects for the upcoming year.

>>> Anything you want to show, different sizes, different ages, you can find anything here.

>>> They know that they can come here and get what they need.

  So yeah, it's a very popular place for kids to come.

>>> [Dave] Buyers and sellers make deals at the pens, but the big money is exchanged in the sale ring.

>>> Sold, $1,900.

>>> [Max] There's a lot of investment in that, obviously they'll make a lot of money selling their animals.

>>> The fact that we have a weanling sale as well as an open breeding stock show provides kind of a unique venue.

 (auctioneer chanting)

>>> Yes!

>>> You know, it's fun for my husband and I.

 We made the trip without kids this year, so this is kind of a getaway for us.

 We're really enjoying being here.

>>> [Dave] A vacation to a pig sale.

>>> I know, isn't it sad? (laughing) But we love it

>>> We had exhibitors this year come from as far east as Georgia and Maryland, all the way to Oregon and California, and everywhere in between.

 So this evening, I know for instance, we'll wind up selling pigs to buyers from at least 25 to 30 different states.

>>> [Host] With that many people traveling to Duncan, the local economy will see a boost.

>>> It has definitely been good for Duncan.

 It's grown, we've tried to improve our facilities, our pens and stuff to meet their needs.

>>> The hospitality's unmatched.

 The community, every year when we show up, they greet us with open arms, they bend over backwards to make us feel welcome.

 It's the people, we love the people, it's a people business, so it's always fun to back to Duncan each year.

>>> From Stephens County, I've Dave Deacon.

>>> [Auctioneer] Alright here's Ricky's pig coming into the ring, 226.

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

 Remember you can find us anytime online at Sunup.okstate.edu and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

 I'm Lydall Stout, have a great week, everyone, and remember, Oklahoma ag starts at SUNUP.

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