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Transcript for December 3, 2016

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Microbials
  • Veterinary Feed Directive - How Does it Work?
  • Wheat Rust Update 12/3/16
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Market Monitor
  • Food Whys
  • How Pearl Harbor Changed Oklahoma Agriculture

 

Microbials

>>> Hello everyone.

 And welcome to SUNUP.

 I'm Lyndall Stout.

 Food animal producers will soon get to know their veterinarians a whole lot better.

 In less than a month, certain types of feeds like this containing certain medicines will no longer be available to everyone.

 Instead, you'll need the approval of your DVM.

  Feed stores like Still Water Milling Company are making inventory adjustments

to comply with the US Food and Drug Administrations new veterinary feed directive, or VFD.

>>> Being organized is important because there are some major requirements as far as record keeping.

 Not only for our stores, but for veterinarians and for producers as well.

>>> [Lyndall] On January 1st, 2017 buying certain feed and water soluble products with antibiotics,

will require paperwork signed by licensed veterinarians.

 David White is a former FDA Chief Science Officer

who coordinated research on antibiotic resistance.

>>> The FDA does not want to take antibiotics away to treat sick animals.

>>> [Lyndall] White now leads agricultural research at the University of Tennessee.

 And we talked with him during a recent visit to Oklahoma State University.

 He says the new rules, aimed to curb blanket use of antibiotics.

>>> When you look at how those antimicrobials are being used, there's no infections disease being treated.

 It's for growth promotion or feed efficiency of the animal.

 So in a why, if you look at antimicrobial stewardship, they're not being used to treat disease.

 They're being used as something else.

 And in a way, unfortunately, you're having negative consequences of those uses

in developing antimicrobial resistant bacteria that can contaminate meat, that contaminate the environment, produce.

 Subsequently, transfer to humans.

 They become sick.

 When they're given an antibiotic, the antibiotic doesn't work because the bacteria are resistant to the antibiotic that was very similar to what was used in the food animal.

>>> [Lyndall] The level of risk to humans is debatable.

 But some scientists say it exists.

>>> There is plenty of science to show that antibiotic use in animals selects for bacteria.

 But it gets a little grayer as you start moving from contaminating meat to then causing the infection,

to then being treated with the antibiotic where you don't get better.

>>> I think in terms of human medically important antibiotic products, then those would be the ones that now require a VFD.

>>> [Lyndall] Like any change, it will take time for veterinarians, feed stores, and producers to adapt.

>>> So a lot of it is I think, it's stewardship on the farm.

 It's making sure the antibiotics are used to treat a defined illness.

 And you're using it for a defined duration and dose.

>>> It's going to be okay.

 And the items that you're used to buying and you liked buying are still going to be available.

>>> [Lyndall] To learn more about following the VFD, SUNUP's Dave Deken talked with extension veterinarian Doctor Barry Whitworth.

 

Veterinary Feed Directive - How Does it Work?

>>> So Barry, what is the Veterinary Feed Directive?

>>> Well the Veterinary Feed Directive is a category of drugs that was created by the FDA in 1996.

  For a long time we only had one drug that was involved with that.

 But with the changes that are coming, we're gonna have several different drugs are going to become part of that category of drugs,

Veterinary Feed Directive drugs.

 and so that's what we're anticipating happening January 1st of 2017.

>>> And whenever that change does happen, what will producers be required to do?

>>> Well producers will be required, in order to continue to get these products and use them,

 such as medicating minerals that farmers put out for control of antispasmodics.

 They're gonna have to go to their veterinarian and he's going to have to fill out what we call a veterinary feed directive document or statement.

 There's certain things that are on that statement that the veterinarian has to basically make sure they're all,

 he has to make sure that he puts all that information down,

and that producer will take that to his feed distributor, wherever he buys his feeds,

and give that to them so that they can sell him that product he's been used to being used for several years.

>>> And much like a product like this, how will this bag change now? 

>>> Well, what'll change is, we've been used to just walking in the feed store and buying this product.

 This has got chloratetracycline in it which is a veterinarian feed directive drug

which will become,

I shouldn't say that, it's an over the counter drug today but will become a veterinarian feed directive drug after January 1st.

 Now he's gonna have to go to his veterinarian first before he goes to the feed store so that he had that document that he's gonna have to give to the feed store so that they can sell him this product so he can continue to use it.

>>> Now, my understanding is there will be three people now involved in the purchase of this.

>>> [Doctor Wentworth] That's right, you're gonna have your veterinarian , you have your producer,

and you have your feed store or feed distributor that are all gonna be involved selling this product or using this product I think maybe a better way that so everybody can continue to use it.

>>> [Dave] This will not only just impact cattle production but other livestock.

>>> Oh sure, any of the animals that have used these products  in the past,

any of these over the counter products,

such as chloratetracycline, things like lincomycin, Tylan;  there's a whole bunch of these out there.

 Pig producers use them,

poultry producers use them,

even beef producers use these products and they're gonna have to get in touch with their veterinarian in order to continue to use these products in the future.

 In order for the veterinarian to be able to write these for the producer,

he's gonna have to have what we call that veterinarian client patient relationship.

 It's very basic but in the sense he's got to make a medical judgement on these animals,

the producer's going to follow what he tells him to do,

 he's gonna have to have enough information to make a diagnosis and then that veterinarian has to be available in case there's

and adverse drug reaction or there's failure of therapy.

 That is the basic basis for him being able to write this for the producers.

>>> And all of this takes place January 1.

>>> That's right, January 1, 2017 is when this will begin to be implemented.

 We know this is going to be a process, there's gonna be a lot of hurdles, there's gonna be many questions that come up.

 The FDA knows that, they're gonna be mainly involved as far as they're concerned,

it's gonna be an educational process initially for a while before they would ever start enforcing it from the stand point of any type of fines or anything like that.

>>> Okay, thank you much Doctor Wentworth.

 And for more information go to our website sunup.okstate.edu.

  (upbeat music)

 

Wheat Rust Update 12/3/16

>>> Thank you Dave, to the wheat field now and an update on some disease spotted around Oklahoma,

here's our extension wheat pathologist, Bob Hunger.

>>> And this is Doctor David Marburger's variety demo plot

and you can see in the trial that the front range was planted much later,

about October 25th, compared to the back range which was planted September 13, so a difference of about six weeks.

 Of course, as you would expect, there's a tremendous amount of difference in the growth of the plants

but you can also see what that planting date did in terms of the incidents and severity of leaf rust on the plants.

 Looking at these plots back behind here you can see that they're much more severely yellowed,

some of them, of course each plot is a different variety and some of them have more or less susceptibility to leaf rust.

 In those that were extremely susceptible,

those lower older leaves and in this case a lot of the older lower leaves are turning yellow because of the rust infection.

 You don't see any of that in the later planted wheat which of course there's not near as much growth.

 Well, I would still say that they should be watching more so in the early Spring

to see because the rust that's here, if we do have a cold winter it should kill the rust out

and it won't keep infecting the new leaves so there won't be carry over.

 If we have a mild winter,

that leaf rust could keep going through the entire winter

and then there's a lot of incoculum there to start so they'd have to be prepared to spray early in the Spring.

 But if you were grazing and planted much more like this back range

and then grazed it,

you would be removing a lot of that foliage and removing a lot of the rust

and you wouldn't have near as much infection in there.

We have gotten some reports of rust around, but haven't really heard it worse, or less worse, in any place.

 The area up in North Central Oklahoma we have gotten some reports of tan spot from no-tail fields a little bit more.

 But again, that's due to this extended mild weather that we've had.

 If somebody had a susceptible variety and they had sprayed and protected it,

this probably would have been the year to do that.

 But in my 30, almost 35 years here, this is the first year that I've really seen it like this.

 inoculum for both leaf rust and stripe rust will blow up from Texas come springtime,

but it's all gonna depend on the weather.

 It's gonna depend on if we have the right conditions for the rust to infect and start replicating and spreading within the state, as well as within Texas.

 Of course, if they undergo a drought, and we don't, then there won't be much inoculum coming up from there.

 (simple guitar music) 

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> I know we're a couple of months away from the start of the spring calving season,

but now is a good time to go through and check the equipment that we're going to use during the last part of January, February and March,

when those cows and heifers are going to be calving and we may have to provide some assistance to some of those.

 On a nice day in December,

 I think, is a good time to walk through our calving facilities and make sure that everything is ready to go.

 Make sure that the gates work, according to what we're going to need.

 The chute is available, it's cleaned out, it's dry and can be used in such a way that we won't cause some additional problems for those cows or heifers that are calving and we're using that area.

 One of the things that always happens on a ranch operation is that the calving shed is often used in the off-season as a storage facility.

 That's where you might put the extra small equipment,

grass seed, maybe some barbed wire or fence post.

 Well, they're going to be in the way.

 Let's go ahead and move them to another spot,

so that we don't have to make that change in the middle of the night in the middle of the winter in a panic situation,

when that first heifer that we've noticed is struggling to have a calve,

we've got to bring her up and give her some assistance.

 We can do a lot of this ahead of time and save that particular kind of situation by just planning ahead.

 One more thought, for those ranching operations in Oklahoma that have larger cow herds and larger land areas.

 You may want to consider learning about what's called the Sandhills Calving System.

 This is a system that was devised to help reduce the incidence of calf diarrhea in those herds up in the Sandhills of Nebraska.

 It involves a number of different pastures

and the availability of being able to move cattle from one pasture to the next during the calving season.

 You can learn more about the Sandhills Calving System just by googling it.

 You'll learn a lot about the details of how long they let the cows calve and then move some of them to another pasture.

 As far as getting ready for just the general operation of working with your cows and heifers this calving season, I'd encourage you to go to the SUNUP website.

 That's sunup.okstate.edu and we've got a show link there for our bulletin on calving time management for beef cows and heifers.

 It's got a whole lot of information that will be really helpful to you.

 Read it ahead of this calving season and I think it'll help you save just a few more calves.

 Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 (gentle guitar music) 

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Derrell Peel, our livestock marketing specialist, is here now, and Derrell, we're in the final stretch of 2016.

 What do you expect for cattle and beef prices, after this recent rally, for the rest of the year?

>>> Well, we have had a nice rally in the last month or six weeks

and that followed a really dismal early fall period where we had a very beary psychology.

 Markets were kind of in free-fall for a period of time,

but that stabilized and we've recovered some,

back to the levels that we probably, really, need to be at this point.

 I'm comfortable with where we are.

 I don't think this rally will persist much longer.

 I think we've probably got what we expected to get for this fall.

 So I think we'll probably kind of coast out the rest of the year here at the levels that we're at right now.

>>> Now in terms of beef production, give us a recap of this year and then kinda also what is ahead.

>>> Well the, sort of the surprise this year, was that beef production has been stronger than expected.

 You know, slaughter has continued to exceed our expectations, particularly steer slaughter.

 And so, we're running, we've had to continually revise up our expectations.

 I think it will moderate a bit here at the end of the year, it'll still be up year over year, but probably not continue to grow.

 But we're gonna end the year with about a 5.2% increase year over year in total beef production and that's more than we expected.

 And so, all of this price action is relative to the fact that we've put more beef on the market this year than we really anticipated.

>>> Now I want to spend a little time talking about beef cold storage inventories in October.

 They were at a record level for any month since they've been keeping records, correct?

>>> That's correct.

>>> What is the takeaway from all of that?

>>> Well, there's been a lot of reaction to this and you have to understand what cold storage is and what it isn't.

 And cold storage is a relatively minor pipeline flow in the beef industry.

 The vast majority of all beef is marketed as fresh chilled beef.

 But there's a small part of it, on an inventory basis cold storage represents about 2% of annual beef production.

 That goes into this cold storage where it can be held for six to 12 months, typically.

 And that's used for a couple of markets in particular.

 It relates to flows of imports and exports.

 A lot of imported product is frozen, so that's where it shows up as cold storage and then it gets used over time.

 Exported beef is often frozen as well, so you'll see sometimes a build up in cold storage holdings because of that.

 The bigger part of that cold storage market is really the trimmings and the processing beef that are used for our ground beef market.

 And so that's what's mostly going on in that market.

>>> What is not going on then?

On the flip side.

>>> Well there's been some stuff recently that record cold storage implies record beef supplies.

 And I've had producers ask me about, do we have this mountain of meat that's going to weigh on the market?

Cold storage again is a minor component, so this record level of cold storage in October in an absolute sense represents about six days of beef production in this country.

 So just a little over a week even though it's at a record level.

 So we're not talking about a huge inventory in the grand scheme of things, it's just at a record level of that normal pipeline that we've not seen before.

>>> Okay, that puts it all in perspective, for sure.

 Derrell, thanks a lot.

>>> You bet.

>>> We'll see you again soon.

 (lighthearted music) 

 

Market Monitor

>>> So many times when we talk with Kim he talks about what is needed for the good crop.

 Kim, what are we looking for in the 2017 crop?

>>> Well we've got to have in 2017 is test weight and protein.

 What we've got in the bin now, we average 11.2 this past year.

 The year before we had protein but it was 55, 56 pound test weight.

 Those are lacking in the wheat.

 What the millers need is around 11.5, 11.6 We've got to have 12% protein for exports.

 So what we gotta have for 17 is we need a 60 plus test weight wheat, and we need 12, 13, 14% if we can get it, protein.

 The higher the protein, the higher the test weight, the more valuable that crop's going to be.

>>> So let's, where are we at on protein premiums right now?

>>> Right now, if you look at the Kansas City protein basis for 11.2 protein, which was our average this last year, it's $0.55 premium.

 If you look at the 14% protein, which I've talked to a couple of farmers this week, they said they had 14 wheat, it's $1.60 basis for protein wheat.

 That's $1.05 spread between 11.2 and 14.

 So there's some money to be made there for producing protein wheat.

 And there's no reason to change the demand for that.

 In other words, when we get into June of 17, the market is gonna need protein and test weight.

>>> So whenever I take my wheat to the elevator, it's blended and all that, how can I be guaranteed that I'll get that premium?

>>> Well you're not going to be guaranteed.

 And the elevator really can't pay that premium, especially at harvest because they don't know what the premium's going to be.

 You look, go back to the 15 crop, where we had high protein.

 Only July the 2nd, 11.2 was $0.90, a 14% protein was $1.22.

  You got out to August the 28th, that 11.2 had dropped from $0.90 to $0.55 and the 14 protein down to %0.67.

 Only a $0.12 spread there.

 They didn't need protein, there was no protein premium.

 So elevators, as they get it in and commingle it, they don't know what that premium is going to be therefore they can't pay it.

 Now if an area has protein, the market will try to buy that wheat on that elevator and that'll increase that basis, so they will receive a premium, it's just not called that.

>>> Would it be worth building bins like this on my land and storing my wheat?

>>> If you want to merchandise that wheat and you're relatively good at it, I think it can pay.

 But it's going to take work, because it costs to build these bins, and the biggest deal is, is maintaining that quality of the product once it gets in the bin.

 Because insects, moisture, heat.

 There's all kinds of things going on that will lower the quality of that wheat,

and all you've gotta do is lose one bin and it's going to take all the profit from storing the wheat for this year and maybe other years.

>>> Okay, thank you much Kim.

 Kim Anderson, Grain Marketing Specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

  (harmonica music) 

 

Food Whys

>>> When we initially look at the carcass, we want to rib the carcass between  the 12th and 13th rib, to expose the rib eye muscle.

We are going to evaluate the carcass for maturity by looking in the thoracic vertebrae, the buttons on the ends of these spinous processes.

 Then we'll evaluate marbling in the ribeye to assess the quality grade.

 So, for example, this carcass has about a small 20 marbling score, so low Choice would be its quality grade.

 So, a pretty simple process, just looking at maturity and marbling to determine quality grade.

 Then, for yield grades, we want to measure different locations, we wanna measure fat thickness opposite the ribeye,

so, and we can do that in either tenths of an inches or in preliminary yield grade.

 So, for example, this carcass has about 6/10 opposite the ribeye.

 Then we can look at the rest of the carcass here on the lower rib or round, loin, round, rib, chuck, et cetera, to make adjustments.

 So we might want to adjust this carcass a couple of tenths,

so from, like, a 3.5 preliminary yield grade up to a 3.7 preliminary yield grade,

to get a idea of actual fat thickness of the entire carcass.

 So, once we have our fat thickness,

then we'll look and measure our ribeye size,

so we can use this dot grid that is for every square on the grid with a little dot in the center is a tenth of a square inch.

 So, we just lay that onto the ribeye

and get a measurement, 

and this one we count all the little dots there,

and we get a 13.4 square inch ribeye for this ribeye size.

  We look at the hot carcass weight, which is 753 pounds for this animal.

 Well, so, in the shortcut equation of USDA for yield grading, this animal would be required to have a 12.8 square inch ribeye.

 So, it has a 13 four, and we know that for every inch deviation in ribeye size, 

we adjust the yield grade 3/10 of an inch.

 So this one has 6/10 bigger or larger ribeye size than is required in the equation for a 753-pound carcass.

 So we take 12.8 minus 13.4 is 6/10,  and then we multiply that by our 3/10 for the deviation size,

and that would be minus point two.

  So, we get a adjustment to our preliminary yield grade of minus point two with ribeye.

 Then we also have to look at kidney, pelvic, and heart fat, and make adjustments for that.

 So, we just estimate the pounds of KPH in here and make adjustments based on a percentage of hot carcass weight.

 So a 753-pound carcass,

if we said  that it had 2% kidney, pelvic, and heart fat,

would have approximately 16 pounds of kidney, pelvic, and heart fat, or 15 to 16 pounds, 

and that would result in a minus point three adjustment to preliminary yield rate, because 3 1/2% is the base  in the equation, so no adjustment.

 Every half a percentage change in KPH, we adjust a tenth.

 If we subtract our 2/10 for ribeye in weight, our 3/10 for KPH from our 3.7 preliminary yield grade,

we get a final yield grade of 3.2,

so this carcass is considered a low-Choice yield grade 3.

 (upbeat ambient music) 

 

How Pearl Harbor Changed Oklahoma Agriculture

>>> Finally, today, to mark the 75th anniversary of Pearl Harbor, coming up next week,

Sunup's Dave Deacon takes a look back at how that pivotal moment in American history impacted Oklahoma agriculture.

>>> Well, December 6th, Oklahomans got up on that, on that Saturday and the world had been changing slowly.

 Farmers had been suffering for almost 20 years at that point.

 Low prices in the twenties.

 Drought in the 1930s.

 The Great Depression.

 And there were some signs that the economy was picking up.

 There was this isolationist feeling throughout the country.

 December 7th, 1941, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.

 The next day, Roosevelt appeared before Congress, we declare war.

 Suddenly, isolationists, anti-war sentiment with the rumblings of an economic recovery.

 December 7th, turning point to something brand new.

 We are at war.

>>> Young men and women from all over the country answered their nation's call,

parking their plows and leaving dirt roads like this one in Noble County to go where their country needed them,

even though it was thousands of miles away.

 Much like Marvin Jirous's older brother, Eugene.

>>> I had an older brother, which was 18 years older than I.

 He was in the groundcrew Air Force when he went over in the Philippines

and he said they also done a lot, of course then, maintenance, all kinda maintenance on airplanes.

>>> Farmers were being asked to produce more.

 The labor supply is going down because these kids are going into the Armed Service, they're leaving rural Oklahoma.

>>> [Dave] The family moved to town by the time the war started,

but they kept the farm that their family built from the ground up and it kept producing.

>>> We grew cotton at that time.

 Dad had hogs out there.

 Pear trees, apple trees, cherry tree, and that was my favorite.

 Dad always made a good livin' on it.

 And in fact, in '40, probably '42, we had a victory garden in town.

>>> [Dave] The Jirous family did their part and a little more for the community while keeping their soldier in their heart and in the back of their mind.

>>> When the news had come on at home, we'd always listen to the war news every night and we had to be quiet.

 It was understood that nobody said a word as long as is givin' you war news, you know, on the radio.

 And then he came home, I'll never forget it, he came home Christmas night of '45.

  And that was a big, big night for the whole family when he came in.

 (lively music) 

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

 Remember, you can find us anytime online at sunup.okstate.edu.

 And also follow us on YouTube and social media.

 I'm Lyndall Stout, have a great week, everyone, and we'll see you next time at SUNUP.

  (cheerful music) 

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