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Transcript for November 19, 2016

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Winter Canola Update
  • Algae Research
  • Vet Scripts
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Marketing Monitor
  • Community-Wide Thanksgiving

 

Winter Canola Update

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to SunUp.

 I'm Lyndall Stout.

 We begin today talking about the progress of Oklahoma's canola crop.

 We're joined by Josh Lofton, our extension cropping system specialist.

 Josh, give us an idea of how the crop is looking and what you're hearing from growers.

>>> Well overall, the crop's lookin' great.

 We're in a really good spot.

 We've gotten really good growth, timely rains.

 Everything's kind of falling into place.

 The one issue that a lot of guys are having is an issue we can like to have from time to time, is growers are seeing a lot of growth.

 To just get a good look at this, this plant was actually planted, canola plant, right at the first of September.

 That's a little earlier than most guys are goin' out there planting, but we see how big it is.

 And this is what a lot of folks are worried about is that their canola is getting too big.

 By the time we have that first freeze, it's gonna have too much biomass and everything like that.

 And for majority of cases that I'm seeing, that's not necessarily going to be the case.

 What we always like to look at is this distance between the actual vegetative matter

and where the crown or the growing point of the canola plant is.

 And you can see when I actually had to dig this out, because we had a nice big rooting system.

 That crown is right at the soil's surface and that's what we like to see.

 We like to see that right at the soil's surface.

 It kinda helps insulate that growing point when we start going into winters.

 To kinda give you a reference, this is what we like to see canola looking like this time of year.

 This is at about our sixth leaf today, just kinda where we like to see it going into its first couple freezes.

 Quite a bit different.

 This was actually planted towards the middle to end of October, outside of our planting window, too late.

 This one was kinda more on the beginning side, but we see the drastic difference just those warm conditions have made.

 And so, there is some concern with that.

 However, with a lot of the growth,

and the big thing is we haven't had that sharp freezing trend like we've had before.

 That drought and that sharp freezing trend is really what gets us.

 We've been kinda gradually stair stepping down in our temperature

and that really is gonna help us out.

>>> So, with some warmer temperatures though projected for the next three weeks or so, do you have any other concerns?

>>> Yeah, the big thing is, by this time, we're usually stop thinking about weed control

and insect control because usually the temperatures are starting to do a lot of that.

 Guys were still seein' a lot of our worms.

 Especially, we got just a recent report of a lot of diamondback moths coming back in.

 A lot of things need to be gone

and done still with the crop because we are still getting those 60, 70, 80 degree days

and it's something that needs to be taken care of.

 The big thing is we don't want diamondback moths in this right now, 'cause when we go to over winter, they'll get into that crown

and eat that crown, and we can lose a lot in our winter survival or that winter time

nd not have much a crop coming out of the winter.

 So, still get out there, look for those bullet hole shaped patterns in your leaf.

 That's where the diamondback moths are gonna be.

 That's our big concern right now going into winter.

 Go out there and make those final applications.

 If you got good temperatures, remember you need the temperatures to make those applications.

 Don't make 'em in freezing weather, but make sure they're 60 or 70 days.

 And we're still lookin' really good goin' into winter, especially with this kinda more milder stair stepping cooling pattern.

>>> And then last but not least, you and the canola colleagues are getting organized for your canola college this winter.

>>> That's right, we're gonna have canola college.

 It's gonna be a little earlier than it normally is.

 We normally have it in February, but because of some conflicts, we're gonna have it in January.

 January 19th.

 It's still gonna be at the Enid fairgrounds.

 So it's the same place, it's just one month earlier.

 And a lot of growers and folks around the state can go on Canola.okstate.edu  in the next week or so and be able to pre-register.

 It's a free event, so you just have to go.

 We like to get registration to just get some numbers for that meeting.

 But it's a great event.

 We got a great schedule lined up.

 It's really gonna be a promising thing.

 Especially for growers that are really getting interested in growing the crop this year, as well as in the next couple years.

>>> Great, great information, and we look forward to hearing more about it.

>>> Thank you.

>>> Josh, thanks a lot.

>>> Thank you.

>>> We'll see you soon.

 

Algae Research

>>> Earlier, we talked about the cotton crop and how good it was in southwest Oklahoma,

but, Randy, there were some issues with some blights in the cotton this year.

>>> Yeah, Dave, we actually had a problem with bacterial blight, which is a xanthomonas species.

 This particular disease has been in the cotton patch for many, many decades.

 We've typically controlled this disease through resistant or immune-type varieties.

  It's not really been a major problem since the seed companies began acid delinting several decades ago, so really it's kinda been de-emphasized somewhat.

 But bacterial blight is, it's almost always out there in susceptible varieties.

 I can walk into a lot of fields in a lot a years and find it,

but what happened this year was that we had a very wet July period,

and on into August we had very cool temperatures,

and of course this bacteria likes kinda cooler than normal

and more humid than normal conditions,

and, you know, we certainly had a lot a that this year.

 It typically starts out on the leaves.

 We'll see a lot of leaf defoliation, premature defoliation,

and then ultimately it can move over to the fruiting branches,

and perhaps even on the main stem.

 It can actually get on the bowls.

 This is a very prime example of what happened with this particular plant.

 We see that this is a first-position bowl coming off on this fruiting branch,

and it's basically, its production has been destroyed.

 And that's probably a one-two whammy of, number one, not having any leaf area there to provide the carbohydrates to fill the bowl,

and, number two, we probably had a lesion in here that affected the integrity of the bowl itself

and essentially the bowl part of it may have gotten digested

and then we may have had some secondary saprophytic fungi come in and kinda colonize the bowl and set up this bowl rot.

 We've looked at a lot of our variety trials.

 We compared the susceptible varieties and the resistant or immune varieties based on Dr. Terry Wheeler's publication from the Texis A&M Center at Lubbock,

and the good news is, is that the varieties that were considered susceptible in her trial were typically susceptible,

and the better news is, is that the varieties that were considered resistant were resistant,

and we really didn't see any substantial incidents of bacterial blight in those varieties.

>>> [Dave Voiceover] You actually saw a difference in dry land versus irrigated cotton too.

>>> Well, typically, of course, under irrigated conditions, the humidity in that canopy stays very high.

 The dry land typically doesn't, it doesn't canopy over, as we say,

and because it's open, we just tend to get a little more evaporation in there,

and it may not certainly have quite the humidity level that our irrigated fields would have.

 Based on what we've seen this year, with some typically high-yielding fields in the irrigation district,

these fields probably should have made in the neighborhood of three to maybe three and a half bales per acre.

 We're actually seeing production in some of these hardest-hit fields of about two bales per acre.

 You know, if we're makin' two bales per acre, we're only basically gonna, you know, pay out in the irrigated fields,

so in the fields that should've made three to three and a half bales per acre, we just lost our profit.

 The bad thing about bacterial blight is we have no controls for it other than genetics.

>>> Right.

 Now, the Red River Crops Conference is in Childress, Texas this year.

 The dates are.

>>> January 24th and 25th.

 The 24th is the cotton day, and the 25th will be what we refer to as the other crops day,

which we will have discussions pertaining to pasture management, sorghum,  especially forage and grain.

  I believe we have, I believe Josh Lofton's coming down from Stillwater to do some canola discussion.

 So, you know, we kinda complement each other across the river here.

 They have expertise in some areas, and we have expertise in others, and we kinda swap off, and it just makes for a great, great time.

>>> Okay, thank you much, Randy, and for more information on that, you can go to our website, SUNUP.okstate.edu.

 

Vet Scripts

>>> In Vet Scripts this week, Extension veterinarian Barry Whitworth helps us better understand foot rot in cattle.

>>> From time to time, cattle producers have to deal with the disease foot rot,

and there are a couple of conditions that predispose cattle to getting this disease.

 One is when we have excessive moisture.

 This moisture softens the skin and allows for the penetration of bacteria.

 The other condition is when it gets extremely dry,

and this causes the grass and the weeds to become tough, and those tough grasses can irritate that space between the toes.

The most common cause of foot rot is the bacteria fusobacterium necrophorum.

 Now this bacteria is readily available in the environment, is in the fecal material of most cattle.

 There are other bacteria that will also cause foot rot.

 Now typically the clinical signs you're gonna see with foot rot are gonna be a sudden lameness,

you're gonna see that swelling or redness between the toes, you're gonna see a necrotic tissue there,

it will probably have a foul odor,

these cattle will have a fever, they'll be reluctant to eat,

and you'll also see a swelling in that foot,

and it'll be evenly distributed on those toes.

 Now, in order for you to see all these things, you'll probably need to pick that foot up and examine it,

and I would highly recommend that so you don't misdiagnose this condition.

 Now when it comes to treatment, we need to recognize this disease early and start treatment quickly.

 You want to pick that foot up, clean between those toes, apply a topical medication,

you want to get these animals on an antibiotic,

I would consult with my veterinarians so that you pick the right antibiotic for your particular area,

you may want to provide these with pain relief,

your veterinarian can assist you on the proper drug for that.

 And lastly I would isolate these animals,

keep them away from the herd because they are shedding this bacteria,

and the other thing we would like to keep that foot dry until it's healed.

 Now when it comes to preventing this disease, managing the environment is a start.

 There may be certain places on your operations where you just can't let these cattle stay at certain times of the year, especially if they're really wet and muddy.

 Other things that you can do, sanitation, try to keep things clean, don't allow these cows to stand around in fecal material all the time.

 We'd also like to, there is a vaccine that is available,

you need to consult with your veterinarian about using it,

we also know that if your cattle are deficient in zinc, adding that to your mineral will help to prevent the disease.

 Lastly, foot baths are an option.

 Unfortunately, they're probably not practical for use in beef cattle, but they may be used in dairy cattle.

 If you'd like more information about this disease, if you'll go to the SUNUP website, there is a fact sheet available from Oklahoma State University.

 Hey I'll look forward to seeing you again soon, thank you.

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Last spring on a Cow-Calf Corner segment,

we visited with you about the importance of selecting cows based on udder soundness,

and how that affects herd profitability.

 Well with those spring calving operations,

as they're weaning the calves this fall,

 and the cows go through the chute,

this is a good time to make that decision as to which one of those cows has a less than sound udder that maybe ought to go into our cull pen

and eventually go ahead and be sent to market.

 Let's remember what the data tells us about udder soundness.

 Research data throughout years tended to suggest that in beef cattle, udder soundness was lowly heritable.

 To the tune of 0.16-0.22 heritabilities, 

and that means just basically the percentage of the differences that's due to genetics.

 More recent data within breeds has suggested that it might be a little bit higher.

 So working Brahman cattle suggested that the overall udder soundness could be as much as 25% heritable,

 and perhaps more importantly  K-State University just within the last few years did some work with the American Hereford Association,

 with thousands of records of Hereford cattle,

and they found that the overall udder score was 32% heritable, had a heritability of 0.32.

  Individual traits within that udder score also were pretty moderately heritable.

 Udder, the suspensory ligament soundness, the strength of that, there's one trait,

and the shape of the teats is also another trait,

that we're very close to that 0.3 in terms of heritability.

 Perhaps even more importantly in that data set, they found that the correlation between those two traits was very high, 0.83.

 What that means is selecting for one of those helps to improve both traits as well.

 So, as those cows go through the chute this fall,

I think it's again very important that we consider which of those cows has that broken down  suspensory ligament

or that large funnel shaped teat,

and let's make the decision that we're not gonna keep her around for another year.

Plus, if she gave us a heifer calf this year, we're not keeping that heifer as one of our replacements.

 In this way, over time, we can make some real improvement in udder soundness in our beef herd.

 That's going to help in terms of overall weaning weights,

in terms of health of those calves,

and, therefore, I think, in the long run, help with out bottom line.

 We want to watch carefully the fall cows as they go through the chute, weaning time,

and pick out those that have that unsound udder, as well as any fall-calving cows, you know, that we're going to cull next spring or summer.

 Now's a good time to look at them, when they're at the peak of lactation and that udder is as full as possible.

 Let's select on udder soundness.

 We'll help our beef herds in the long run.

 Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> This week, we takin' a look at North American cattle and, Derrell, let's start with Canada.

 How are things looking in Canada right now?

>>> Well, the cattle and beef situation with Canada has been a fairly integrated one for a long time.

 Canada is one of our top beef exporting destinations.

 They're also one of the major sources of beef imports,

and, of course, we import cattle from Canada,

so we import some slaughter cattle and some feeder cattle as well.

>>> Do you see things changing in the future with Canada?

>>> Well, you know, obviously short-term market conditions can have an impact, but there're some longer-term things going on as well.

 Of course, Canada competes with us in international markets, so there's always that possibility in terms of beef.

 Canada already has access to China.

 We're still tryin' to get it.

 More directly on the North American continent, you know, recently, in September, the largest cattle-feeding company in Canada announced that they were closing.

 Tough economic conditions there, as well as in the US.

 They weren't able to withstand it.

 So, you know, what that may mean over time is that, all else being equal, we will see more Canadian feeder cattle come to the US,

probably fewer fed cattle,

and then that may have an impact  on beef production in Canada as well.

>>> So let's go south of the border now.

 Let's talk about Mexico.

 How are things there?

>>> Well, the Mexican situation has changed more dramatically over the last decade or 15 years.

 It's continued to evolve.

 For a long time, we imported feeder cattle from them.

 We still do that.

  More, you know, in the last 20 or 25 years, we've exported a lot of beef to Mexico.

 They were a major export destination, and they still are.

 More recently, we've begun to import beef from Mexico,

as they have developed a growing packing and feedlot production sector in Mexico.

 So recently we had a large increase from a major company in Mexico adding a processing facility and a large feedlot facility.

 That probably means, over the long term, that we get less feeder cattle from Mexico.

 There's more demand in-country to keep those cattle there, but at the same time, we're seeing increased flows of beef out of Mexico in terms of exports,

much of which is coming to the US.

>>> So it sounds pretty positive for Mexican cattle production.

>>> Well, the industry certainly continues to grow, and sort of become a complete, integrated industry.

 They've got all pieces now.

 They're not totally dependent on exporting feeder cattle, which was the major factor that kept 'em goin' for many, many years.

 [Dave Voiceover]

>>> What does that mean for the US cattle industry, and as more specifically Oklahoma? 

[Darrell Voiceover]

 

>>> Well, you know, one of the things it illustrates is that when you look at, you know, beef exports or beef imports or cattle trade,

you have to really look at the whole package, because obviously they're all related,

and so sometimes we get lost in the details of one part of that.

 You know, we really have a North American market in the US.

 Those integrated trade flows now on both borders really means that we have industries that are quite inseparable,

and, you know, it's good overall, because it allows things to move to their highest value pretty quickly.

 But at the same time, you know, we're looking at, you know, kind of the trade-offs between the various countries.

>>> Okay, thank you much.

 Darrell Peel, livestock marketing specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

 

Marketing Monitor

>>> Analysts have released wheat profit per acre estimates, and here to talk about it is Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist.

 And, Kim, the big question, of course, is how the US looks in comparison to other countries.

>>> Not very good.

 You take the '12 '13, '13-'14, '15-'16 marketing years, those three, you look at Ukraine, about 50 dollars per acre profit.

 You look at Canada, Saskatchewan, at 24 dollars an acre, Australia at 20 dollars, Germany, France at eight dollars an acre.

 The US comes in at four.

 Russia's not listed on here, but they're gonna be about the same as the Ukraine at 50 an acre.

 Argentina, I don't know their profit, but their break-even price per bushel's been about three and a quarter an acre, so you know they're makin' a profit.

>>> And, what are you seeing, in terms of world planted acres?

>>> Well, right now, early estimates are, for world planted acres, to be less.

 Big decline in the United States, probably about 49 million acres total, that's the same as we had, in 1970.

 Russia's projected to be up five and half, six percent, somewhere in that vicinity.

 The Ukraine will probably be the same, as last year, because they've had poor planting conditions.

 Argentina, higher, but, you know, they had a big increase, this last year, with that change in tax structure.

 France, about the same.

 So, the world, probably slightly less than last year, but, the big decline, in the United States.

>>> And, then, increasing value of the dollar, is that playing in?

>>> Well, that's not helping us a bit.

 You look at that index, it's went up, from 97, up to 100.5.

 Now, it was, back, earlier in the year, it was up at that level, and came down.

 It's up three point six percent, over the last couple weeks.

 That means, our wheat is three point six percent higher, on the export market.

 That doesn't help us at all.

 You look at the resistance on that, going on up.

 If it breaks 100.7, then we'll probably go up, to 100.5, and, then, it's about five point increments, as it goes on up.

>>> Now, do you expect wheat prices to recover, anytime soon?

>>> I don't expect them to recover, not, they could go up a little bit, but not much.

 The USDA, you know, is all excited, three dollars and seventy cents, the average annual price.

 But, you go back to 2012, the Oklahoma price average 64 cents less, than the average annual price.

 You take 64 from 70, that's about six cents.

 So, that'd give us an average price of 3.06, and, to date, our average price has been about three dollars and six cents, a bushel.

>>> Now, given this market climate, how do you advise producers?

>>> They've just got to prepare for the long haul.

 It's, we could possibly get prices back above break even, next August, September, October.

 I really think it's going to be a 2018, 19 marking year, before we get prices back up.

 Weather, weather will be, will determine when that happens.

>>> So, hang on everybody.

>>> That's right.

>>> Thanks, Kim, we'll see you soon.

 

Community-Wide Thanksgiving

 Finally, today, in the spirit of Thanksgiving, a story about a long-standing tradition, that truly brings together an entire community.

 SUNUP's Curtis Hare takes us to Pottawatomie County.

 (country music) 

>>> South Rock Creek is a very, very important part of our families.

 It's not just a school, that we attend, or that our kids go to, it is, almost, part of our being, I mean, that, it's that important.

>>> [Curtis Hare] Every November, a rural community, on the outskirts of Shawnee, gathers in the lunchroom, of its elementary,

for the school's only fundraiser,

The South Rock Creek Turkey Dinner.

 The first time the community gathered, for a meal, the Beatles just released their first single, in 1962.

 The dinner takes weeks to plan for.

 Vice president of the South Rock Creek Community Club, Lindsay Goodson, says volunteers make most of the food, from scratch,

and work around the clock, to pull off the event.

>>> For the week of, I mean, it's a full week's endeavor.

On Wednesday I counted that we were already here for 28 hours.

>>> [Reporter] Students start selling tickets not long after school starts.

 Of all the fourth through eight graders, Jeffery Hall sold 1000 tickets.

 Second-most in the school.

>>> [Jeffery] It's just cool to get our community in here to have delicious meals

and just to get everybody  just in the same place at the same time having a wonderful evening.

 It's just helping our school and the more that we can help our school it comes back for us.

 It just helps us in the end.

>>> [Reporter] In just a few hours, people pour in to the lunch room.

 (people talking) 

All the money brought in tonight goes back into the school for enrichment programs such as building new playground equipment

and Smart Boards for teachers' classrooms.

 The South Rock Creek Thanksgiving dinner has been a staple in the community for a long time.

>>> [Woman] I cooked my first turkey in 1965,

and we had four turkeys to cook that year, but it's grown and grown and grown.

>>> [Reporter] Yvonne Oliver helped shape the turkey dinner into what it is now.

 She's volunteered at nearly every dinner since it started, and became an integral part in the community.

>>> [Yvonne] I've had a child here since 1967.

  We went through our kids and our grandkids.

 Well, it's kind of a tight-knit group.

 We all just kind of help each other.

 Everybody gets together and make it go.

  Makes me feel good.

 Makes me feel proud that I'm a part of it.

>>> [Woman] We have a tremendous community support that supports this dinner.

 We feel it's more like a homecoming.

 There's a lot of people that went to school here.

 I went to school here.

>>> [ Reporter] Lisa Wingo is the treasurer of the Community Club.

 She says about 29 hundred tickets were sold, and she expects the dinner to be a huge success.

>>> [Lisa] This year we brought in just under 24,000, which we'll probably hit that,

because tonight,

because we still take money at the door, so we will probably surpass that tonight.

>>> [Woman] South Rock Creek is a very small school, but it's a very vital school.

 It offers a sense of community there that a lot of times you don't see in some other places.

>>> [Reporter] Sonya McDaniel works with South Rock Creek through extension enrichment activities,

and she says fundraisers like the turkey dinner are important, especially now.

 

>>> [Sonya] In a lot of cases, with the budgets the way they are and with the tightening up of budgets for school systems, holding fundraisers

and getting that community involvement is so critical to the success of the services that can be provided in those communities.

>>> [Reporter] It's safe to say South Rock Creek Elementary School and its community are succeeding.

 From Pottawatomie County, I'm Kurtis Hair.

 

 (upbeat music)

 

>>> [Host] That'll do it for us this time.

 A reminder SUNUP will be off the air next weekend for special programming on OETA, but you can join us for an all-new broadcast on Saturday, December 3rd.

 I'm Lyndall Stout, Have a Happy Thanksgiving, everyone, and we'll see you next time at SUNUP.

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