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Transcript for November 5, 2016

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • Cotton Update
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Vet Scripts: Bovine Leukemia
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Forage Options for Cattle
  • Naturally Speaking
  • Market Monitor

 

Cotton Update

>>> Good morning, and welcome to SUNUP.

 I am Dave Deken, and we're coming to you from the research station near Altus, where it's been an interesting year for crops in southwest Oklahoma.

 And with more information on 2016 cotton crop, here's Randy Boman.

>>> The good news is that actually this year, we have what I believe, and certainly the USDA National Ag Statistics Service believes, is a record crop.

 It appears that, in spite of the fact that we set a record crop last year, in terms of per acre yield across the state at 874 pounds.

  It appears that NAS has our average set this year at about 960.

 So I mean, that is a huge, huge departure from the crops yield compared to what we've seen, even in some of the better years prior to 2011.

 So, we're really proud of the fact that we've had some really good opportunities this year to do what folks in this area do best,

and that's to focus on making a really, really good cotton crop.

>>> So what has really been the difference.

 I'm assuming it's been the moisture.

>>> Well certainly the moisture has really had a huge impact on this.

 I know we've always had some issues in the summer in terms of getting over the hump, so to speak, in July and August.

 And, at least at Altus, we received about four and a quarter inches of rain in July,

which really helped a lot of our dry land in a lot of the areas.

 And also, in the month of August, we received basically normal precipitation, too.

 I think around three inches or so.

 So if we couple that with our irrigation capacity.

 Of course we have Lake Lugert north of town,

basically went over the spillway again this year, which is really good.

 And so we had plenty of irrigation water, and really probably didn't necessarily need to use as much in this year as we would in a normal year,

because we had the good supplemented rainfall from Mother Nature.

 So this rainfall distribution in picture really extended across multiple counties, especially into our heavily dry land counties,

and so, we're gonna see a lot of dry land producers I think this year set some records, there's no doubt.

 Well over two bales.

 I haven't heard of any three-bale dry land fields coming in, but I would not necessarily be surprised to hear some of that.

 I know that in general, our better yields in the irrigation district here have been in the four-bale per acre neighborhood.

 Three to three and a half is pretty common.

 We did have some bacterial blight issues that affected the production in some fields, not necessarily all fields.

 But, in general, we're optimistic that we're just gonna have the best year ever,

>>> And you were actually able to plant in a more timely manner and harvest has already started.

>>> Yes, we actually kind of had two planting windows.

 We had an early May window.

 We kind of got into trouble, mid-May with some really low temperatures,

but that early May-planted cotton actually did very well at the end of the day,

and a lot of the cotton that you see here, that's not been harvested yet.

 This was planted a little bit later into May.

 And I don't know what percent harvested we are right now in the Altus area.

 I wouldn't be surprised if we're not 30, 40% maybe, something like that.

>>> And that's pretty good for the first week in November.

>>> In November, absolutely, you bet.

 And the reason why was because we had a really nice, dry October, fairly dry.

 From a cotton perspective, that's always a good thing.

 We had extremely warm temperatures in the month of October, too,

which really allowed some of this late cotton to fully mature,

and we're expecting from the classing office to see.

 quite honestly, I'm expecting to see some records in terms of our fiber properties.

 Again, this year, we did have some records last year that we basically tied for staple length.

 We set a record for fiber strength.

  And we also set a record for fiber uniformity.

 And I wouldn't be surprised if we don't break some of those records again this year.

>>> And you sound so much more optimistic, I'm gonna say it one more time, than you did back in 2011.

>>> Oh yeah, just no comparison.

 It's just we've really been blessed again.

 And you know this is two years back to back.

 So the good Lord you know works in mysterious ways, and I guess he kinda gives up maybe what we deserve.

 (laughing)

I don't know but.

 Anyway, it is a real pleasure to have a crop that looks like this.

 And be able to set records two years in a row.

>>> Okay, thank you much, Randy Bowman, Extension Cotton Specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Al Southerland, with your Mesonet weather report.

 This has been one warm dry fall.

 The last day in October and the first day in November were short sleeve, no coat, weather days.

 The afternoon high air temperatures for Mesonet sites on the last day of October range from 82 degrees to 92.

  It made for one warm Halloween.

 The bare soil temperatures at four inches showed how soils were holding onto the heat.

 Half the Mesonet sites had three day averages for November 1st at or above 70 degrees.

 The lowest three day average soil temperature was 63 degrees at Eva in the panhandle.

 Looking back at October, our average air temperatures for the month were four to seven degrees above average.

 Northern and central sections of the state, the yellow orange areas, had the largest departure from average.

 That has pushed crops like cotton to harvest-ready maturity.

 Those above average temperatures for October came from warmer daytime temperatures that averaged four to 11 degrees above the long-term 15 year average.

 For October, the four inch soil temperature below bare soil ranged from two to eight degrees above the long-term average.

 Here's Gary with a look at October rainfall and its impact on drought.

>>> Thanks Al, and good morning everyone.

 Well, it's no secret that October was very non-Octoberish.

 We got very little rainfall, lots of heat, and that drought intensified across other parts of the state, other than just eastern Oklahoma.

 So let's take a look at that latest drought monitor report and see what we have.

 Well as we can see from the latest U.S. drought monitor report,

that drought is starting to spread from northwest Oklahoma to the southeast,

and we're also seeing the spread from that drought in southeast Oklahoma up to the northwest.

 In between, there's an area of abnormally dry conditions, not drought yet,

so hopefully we can get some rainfall in here.

 And those two will never meet in the middle.

 Now the culprit was that lack of rainfall in October.

 If you look at this percent of normal rainfall map for October from the Oklahoma Mesonet, you can see all those reds and oranges.

 Those are 60 to 40 to sometimes less than 20% of normal rainfall for the month of October.

 So certainly no good news there.

 Now if we take a look at the latest November temperature outlook from the Climate Prediction Center,

it shows greatly increased odds of above normal temperatures for November,

so they're expecting a continuation of that warm October to last into November as well.

 The U.S. Monthly Drought Outlook for November therefore shows that drought across the eastern part of the state either intensifying

or persisting or even developing in other parts of that area.

 And the drought up in northwest Oklahoma is also expected to either persist or intensify.

 So not good news if these outlooks come true.

 So even if November does end up being warmer than normal, that doesn't mean it can't get cold, it can't rain, it can't snow.

 And we might even see drought relief.

 We'll just have to wait and see what that day to day weather brings.

 That's it for this time.

 We'll see you next time on the Mesonet weather report.

 

Vet Scripts: Bovine Leukemia

>>> This week in Vet Scripts we look at the number one reason for condemned cattle at slaughter.

 Bovine Leukemia.

>>> From time to time I get calls about Bovine Leukemia virus.

 Bovine Leukemia virus is a virus that's capable of causing cancer in cattle.

 They're different names for this disease.

 Enzootic bovine leukosis, malignant lymphoma and lymphosarcoma are all different names for the same disease.

 In the US it's estimated that about 44% of all dairy cattle have this virus and about 10% of our beef cattle.

 Lymphosarcoma is the number one reason that cattle get condemned at slaughter.

  Now, the way cattle are infected with this disease is through blood transfer.

 So when we use contaminated needles or dirty instruments, palpation sleeve over and over this allows for us to transfer blood from one animal to another.

 Now calves may be actually infected in the uterus or during the birthing process.

 And we do think that insects may play a role although the evidence to that is lacking.

  Now there are three possible outcomes once an animal becomes infected with the virus.

 The most common outcome is these cattle appear normal and healthy and do fine the rest of their life.

 Another possibility in a small percentage of these animals is that they will always have.

 If we do a blood test we'll always have a persistent high white count.

 And that's because their lymphocytes are always elevated.

 Now, in less than 5% of the cattle they will develop cancer.

 And the symptoms you're gonna see with this are going to be a wasting disease.

 They're gonna lose their appetite, they're gonna lose weight.

 You actually may see lymph nodes that increase in size.

 If the tumors infect the spinal cord you'll see some lameness or paralysis.

 Or if it infects a specific organ you maybe see clinical signs associated with that organ.

  Diagnosis of this disease is through the blood.

 Since we have no vaccine, any animal that comes up positive for the virus has the virus.

 But we do need to keep in mind, just because you have the virus doesn't mean you're gonna get cancer.

 There is no treatment for this disease.

 If we wanna prevent this disease it all revolves around preventing the transfer of blood.

 Changing needles in between each cow.

 Making sure our instruments stay clean.

 Change palpation sleeves regularly.

 Keep our calving areas clean.

 If you feed colostrum, if you will freeze it or you will pasteurize it, this will inactivate the vaccine.

 And also controlling insect may be beneficial.

  If you'd like some more information about bovine leukemia virus, please go to the Sunup website.

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Cattle prices have been improving the past couple of weeks.

 Joining us now is Derrell Peel our livestock marketing specialist.

 And Derrell give us an idea of what's been going on.

>>> Well it's been a really tough fall for cattle markets.

 We've been really lower than usual.

 The markets been very skittish I guess is one word.

 Or really kid of scared this fall.

 But we finally appear to have put in a bottom.

 And it's across the board.

 We've seen feeder cattle prices improve the last two weeks.

 Fed cattle prices, box beef prices, pretty much across the board we finally seem to have sort of broken this Barry psychology

and put some support into this market.

>>> And is this typically what you would expect to see this time of year?

>>> Well in terms of prices going up, especially for feeder cattle markets we really wouldn't think so you know.

 We're right in the middle of the fall run of calves if you will or normally would be.

 We certainly have more calves this fall.

 But because prices have been low we have not seen maybe as many come to town.

 Obviously one of the things that has happened is that we have not have good stocker demand this fall

because of kind of the fear in the market.

 And the support we're getting now is kinda counter seasonal in that I think we're seeing sort of late development of some of that stocker cattle demand.

>>> And then with all this in mind what have producers kind of been doing in terms of marketing their calves this time of year?

>>> Well obviously because of the low prices and producers really hoping to see this market bottom

and improve a little bit, I think some producers have held onto their calves and are still holding onto their calves.

 We've generally have and this is not just in the southern plains but really across the country.

 We've got pretty good forage conditions and lots of hay in many cases.

 So I think there's some calves that are still out in the country that maybe they will come to town a little bit more in the next two or three weeks.

 But I think some of them are gonna stay in back-grounding programs.

 Here in Oklahoma again we pasture demand didn't develop like I thought it would earlier this fall over the last six or eight weeks.

 But I think it's gonna kick in now.

 We still expect that a lot of this wheat that's out there's gonna get grazed.

 So that's again part of the support we're getting in this market despite the fact that we're moving in to sort of the heart of the full run of the calves.

>>> Okay, Derrell Peel thanks a lot.

 We'll see you again soon.

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> We've had an unusually warm fall so far.

 But it's inevitable that once we get around the first part of November we enter that season when we'll get those nighttime frosts,

and eventually a killing freeze.

 But when we have those light frosts.

 We need to understand what effect it has on these forage sorghum type plants,

 especially if we're going to run some cattle out on those fields or pastures,

where we've had something like some hybrid sudans, sudan by sorghum hybrids, even milo stocks.

 If that plant hasn't been killed yet by frost, but it gets affected by a light freeze to where we have some change in the metabolism of the plant,

then a couple of things can happen.

 Number one, it may continue to accumulate nitrates out of the soil,

but due to the stress of the plant, it can't convert it into protein.

 And so we have a buildup of nitrate after that light frost.

 We need to be aware of that.

 If we're going to utilize those plants, out here, to graze with cattle,

then certainly we want to wait a full week after a killing freeze,

one that totally kills the plant,

and then let that week go by,

and we should be reducing the risk of the nitrate uptake.

  The other side of the coin that is just as dangerous, perhaps even more so,

is with that light frost, we can change the metabolism of the plant, and break down the cell walls to allow the production of what's called hydrocyanic acid,

and most of us just call it prussic acid,

and that when consumed in small amounts by the livestock, can be pretty deadly, pretty quick.

 Another part of that story that we need to remember, is again with that light frost,

the top part of the plant may have been damaged,

but then when we get some warm days we'll start to have some tillering or succoring,

and that regrowth is potentially some of the highest that we can have in terms of prussic acid production.

 So, at this time of the year if we've got some of these forage sorghum plants that we plan to graze,

I certainly would suggest that we be very, very careful about running cattle out there when we might have a light frost,

and if we do stay off of those fields, until that killing freeze has happened.

 Give ourselves a full week so that those plants totally desiccate and dry up,

and are dead without any regrowth,

then we can reduce the risk of either nitrates or prussic acid poisoning.

 And if you'd like to learn more about those two particular maladies that we really concern ourselves with here in Oklahoma,

I suggest you go to the SUNUP website.

 That's SUNUP.okstate.edu, look under show links.

 We've got the link to the fact sheet that discusses nitrate toxicity in livestock, and prussic acid poisoning.

  Both of those be very, very helpful and informative for you.

 Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week, on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Forage Option for Cattle

>>> We're here with Dave Lalman now, and Dave, we just heard Glenn talking about prussic acid and nitrate concerns.

  What are some alternatives, in terms of forage, that producers can be aware of?

>>> In the case of prussic acid, it's pretty simple.

 If we're talking about standing forage, you need to just wait.

 Wait that week time period out, and it's fairly simple  to get beyond that time period.

 In the case of nitrate toxicity, let's just talk about harvested forage, that you're concerned has some substantial nitrate.

The documented level that causes concern for cattle in general is about 5,000 parts per million,

and beyond that you start to get higher risk of abortions and other problems.

The first thing would be to have a pretty good idea of what concentration you might be dealing with.

And so you're gonna have to seek out a commercial laboratory,

that has the capability of giving you  a test to give you a concentration.

The other thing you can do about that, is you can gradually increase exposure to the high nitrate forage

and cattle have the capability, of improving or increasing their tolerance over time.

>>> Now, since we're talking about forage, and maybe the lower quality forage, in this time of year, it's always important to talk about supplements.

 What kind of advice to have producers this time of year, and what kind of new things are on the horizon.

>>> Well, here we are in early November, so hopefully people are starting to provide.

 Particularly if you're talkin' about standing forage or native range, prairie hay, for example, it's going to be low in protein.

 So people have probably already started, or should be starting their protein supplementation program for the year.

 We just thought we'd show you a relatively new development in that area, cow supplementation.

 And that's distillers grains cube.

 We've done a lot of research here through Ranch Cattle Research Center with distillers grains.

 This company has started to produce a nice ¾ inch  cube, range cube, out of mostly distillers grain.

 So it's gonna be 30 to 33% protein, nine or 10% fat, somewhere in that range.

 So high energy and high protein, and it has the convenience of the cube form.

>>> As I can tell, the cows seem to like it.

 (laughing)

>>> They do.

 (chuckles) They're big fans.

  The other interesting thing, maybe you can show our little demonstration here,

 but we just measured real quick, a small batch of these cubes to see what degree of finds we might be getting because,

if you're feeding something on the ground, you would anticipate the more finds in the cube product, the more waste you might have.

 We measured these, this product, here this morning and it was about 7 1/2% finds on a weight basis, and that's really good.

  Particularly for something that is this high in fat, because fat does not make a very good pellet.

 It's kind of mushy, and doesn't let things stick together very well.

 That's a pretty unique development, and a nice invention.

>>> Okay.

 Dave Lalman, thanks a lot.

>>> Yes'm.

>>> We'll see you again soon.

>>> Thank you.

 

Market Monitor

>>> Since we're talking cotton this week, Kim, let's talk about the price of cotton.

>>> When you look at the cotton future's price, it's right at $69, $68.80, somewhere in that vicinity.

 The range is mostly from $68 to $72.

 If you look at the support prices on that December contract, you've got weak support at 68, and you've got probably strong support at $66.

 Since September one, it's been between that 66 and 72.

>>> What's the overall movement in the cotton market?

>>> If you look at the cotton market, I think the reason it's moving, is because of cotton production around the world.

 You look at right now the USDA has world cotton production at 102.7 million bales.

  The five year average is 115.4 million, so below average there.

 Foreign production 86.7 million bales, they average 102.2 million.

 China around 21 million bales, and of course that's the gorilla in the closet here.

 They're below average.

 Their average is 30.8 million bales.

 India, another big producer, 26.5 million bales.

 Their average is 28.9 so, all of that is below average.

 You look at the United States, 16 million bales, our average is 15.9, so we're right at average.

 I understand Oklahoma is above average, and that we've got a good crop goin'.

>>> Let's talk about wheat right now.

 Where are we at with price?

>>> Well, wheat prices just been waddlin' around, they've been in this same location since August or so,

you look at the December futures, $3.95 for support,  $4.20 for resistance.

 You look at our cash price, it's $2.90 to $3.00 will get the cash wheat price around most of Oklahoma.

>>> Let's talk about the value of the dollar now a days.

 Where's it movin'?

>>> Well that's what most people have been talking about, since there's not much else going on in the market,

net value of the dollar's gonna impact both cotton and wheat prices.

 It's down around 97.23,  as we're talking right now,

 it's got up to 99 dollars, everybody was getting concerned about it and talking a lot about it.

 It's got support at 96.9, you know, we've been,

that index has been between 95, 96, and 99 for about the last six to eight months.

>>> Okay, thank you much Kim Anderson, Grain Marketing Specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

 

Naturally Speaking

>>> Now one of the things that we gotta think about and one thing that we live with here in Oklahoma is wildfire.

 And wildfires can occur pretty much any time of year,

but the biggest majority of our wildfires that we have in Oklahoma typically run from around November to March.

 The wintertime when fuels are dormant,

vegetation is dormant,

and we get a lot of drier humidities and things and that's when we get a lot of the big wildfires is typically during those winter months.

 And so coming into the winter, it's things that we should think about, on how we might wanna protect our home,

and protect some of the things on our property from wildfire damage.

 Several things that we can do to protect our house, you know, the best that we can from wildfire.

 One of 'em is make sure we mow that lawn there at the end,

get it really short, keep the grass down around it real short.

 Keep grass around our home and stuff short as far out as we can get it.

 Also again, if you have a lot of trees, hardwood trees that drop their leaves,

make sure you go ahead and rake those things up, remove those, don't let 'em build up around the house,

or underneath the house, underneath your deck, or things like that where fire and embers can get in and cause that kinda damage.

 'Cause the thing we need to remember is, most home damage that occurs with wildfires typically occurs after the fire front passes by the house.

 It's from smoldering embers and stuff that are landed in flammable materials around the house, that start the fire.

 One of the most obvious things is if you have a fireplace, wood burning stove,

and you stack wood up on your house.

 Don't stack it, it's very convenient to have it stacked on the back porch by the door,

but think about if embers get in that, that can cause a fire.

 Another thing that we should consider is in areas where we live where there's a lot of trees and stuff around our home,

is to make sure we have stuff cleaned up around it.

 We prune those trees up where we don't have vegetation and stuff, limbs all the way down to the ground.

 Also in areas where you have a lot of eastern red cedar, you wanna get those back away from the house,

cut those things down, get 'em totally removed, so they're not a fuel hazard.

 (coughing)

Kinda like this setting that we're at here, these folks had a concern about their house

 being so close to this area here with a lot of trees, and historically it had a lot of cedar trees growing up in it.

 They come back in here, remove the cedar trees, open it up, if any kind of fire comes through here it's gonna stay on the ground, it's not gonna be a crown fire, a big hot fire coming up against their house, be easier to put out and easier to protect that home.

 Yeah and thinkin' about removing the vegetation, picking up around the house, making sure everything's clean,

that way you can protect your house, it'll be easier for a fire department to come to protect your house in case of an emergency like that in a wildfire.

 You know, less flammable stuff that you have around it, the better off you're gonna be.

 (lighthearted music) 

>>> Well that does it for us this week on SUNUP.

 If there was something on the show that you'd like to learn more about, visit our website sunup.okstate.edu 

and while you're there check out our social media.

 From Altus, Oklahoma I'm Dave Deken, and remember, Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

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