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Transcript for October 1, 2016

Transcript to come.

This show includes the following segments:

  • The N-Rich Strip
  • Facts About State Question 777
  • Food Whys
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Road to the State Fair From Ada to Oklahoma City

 

 (soft orchestral music)  (upbeat music) 

>>> Hello everyone.

 And welcome to SUNUP.

 I'm Lyndall Stout.

 It is full speed ahead for Oklahoma producers planting wheat and canola.

 And it's also a great time for a refresher on tracking nitrogen needs in your fields.

 Here's our extension Nutrient Management Specialist, Brian Arnall.

 

The N-Rich Strip

>>> When it comes to soil fertility needs and recommendations, nothing's changed from the past.

 The need for this crop is going to be the need for our past crops.

 Some of the management decisions may be tougher as the economics are where they are.

 My recommendation for this year, especially with nitrogen.

 If you're grazing, whether it's a dull purpose or graze out, get 50 to 80, even 100 pounds of nitrogen down now, pre-plant.

 If you haven't got seed in the ground yet, go ahead and get it down or as soon as it's up, so you can get some good fall forage and get some good grazing off of it.

 Then, when it comes into the spring, top-dress it if you're going to take it out or add a little bit more to it.

 On grain only, guys, when it comes to grain only this year I'd be looking at something that's more of a lighter, pre-plant, 20 to 30 pounds of N.

 Or just whatever your putting in, furrow with the 1846 or 1152 as a starter

and then waiting and delaying that until you get a stand, we see how the weather's doing, and we're going.

 Which all leads back to the N-rich strip.

 So my overarching recommendation is for anybody that's grazing 50 to 80 pounds of nitrogen up front, put an N-rich strip out in the field.

 Grain only producers, go with your starter, up to about 20 or 30 pounds of N, put N-rich strips out in your field.

 Folks, this is the year the N-rich strips can make or break a producer.

  Precision technology is really adopted at high levels when there's a lot of money flowing around in the market.

 People really like technology, really like trying new things.

 But it's in markets like this that the technologies can make you the most.

 An N-rich strip, getting you that extra couple bushels because you need a few more pounds of nitrogen,

or saving you 10 to 20 pounds of nitrogen because you didn't need it, this is the year that can make a big difference.

 So again, an N-rich strip, 40 to 50 pounds of nitrogen in a strip across the field, and watch that strip.

 If it shows up, call your county educator.

 Have them come out with a GreenSeeker.

 Get in contact with the extension service and let's get a recommendation.

 On the canola side, it's not much different.

 While we're still working on getting that algorithm just right, to get the recommendations just right, the N-rich strip can be a huge tool.

 Don't front load the canola crop.

 20 to 30 pounds of nitrogen.

 Get it a good start.

 Put an N-rich strip out there of 30 to 50 units on top of that.

 You don't want a really heavy N-rich strip in the canola crop, but you want some extra out there.

 Keep an eye on that strip.

 If it starts growing, it's usually just a bigger bushier plant.

 And in the spring, that's when you really might see it is that spring re-growth.

 It'll get up out of the ground a little bit quicker.

 And that's when you know you need to get in there with some top-dress.

 We're honestly still working on the right timing on the N-rich strip in canola.

 But I think it's a very useful tool.

 We've got a calculator online that should be ready to go this fall when they're making the canola decisions.

 The N-rich strips go out about a month after the crop's in the ground.

 Anywhere between pre-plant to about 30 days after it's in the ground, that gives you a nice window and a nice time to get out there,

Let's that nitrogen get into the ground and let's your crop have access to it.

 But if it comes to be Thanksgiving, wheat's been out there, canola's been out there a couple months and you're just thinking, man I should do it, Go ahead and do it.

 It can't hurt to get that strip out there.

 It can really make an economic difference on the wheat crop.

Some other tools that we've got that's been recently put out by Oklahoma State on the app side, is a grain drill calibration app.

 It can help you calibrate for canola.

 It can help you calibrate for wheat seed and fertilizer.

 You can find the link at the SunUp website.

 (light country music) 

 

Facts About State Question 777

>>> Talking politics now, and a look at one of the state questions on the November ballot in Oklahoma.

 People across Oklahoma are in information gathering mode, trying to decide how to vote on November 8th.

>>> You know Thomas Jefferson said that you need a fully informed society to keep democracy safe.

 And we can talk about being worried about terrorism, and nuclear bombs and all of that, a lot of things that are maybe beyond our control, but this is something we have control over.

 We can inform ourselves to a greater extent, to be more informed as Jefferson suggested, when we go into the ballot box.

>>> [Reporter] To help people get informed about state question 777, we caught up with the experts.

 Oklahoma State University's AG policy specialist, Larry Sanders, and AG Law specialist, Shannon Ferrell.

>>> Okay, so when we're talking about state question 777, the purpose of that question is to figure out whether or not the state's gonna enact a new constitutional amendment.

 So that's important to remember is that this would actually be an addition of new language to the state constitution.

 And what that amendment would say is that farmers, ranchers and other sorts of agricultural producers have a right to use modern agricultural practices and technology in their operations.

 Now the consequence of that is that we're making it a constitutional right.

 So that's something that's got a much higher level of protection than other rights that you might just get from a statute.

 And so part of the statutory language says that the legislature can't pass a statute interfering with those rights unless there's a compelling state interest.

 So that means that we can still regulate things in state law, maybe for example water quality, environmental issues, things of that sort,

 but what the legislature now has to do is show that there is an important state interest at play.

 Public safety, public health and welfare, those sorts of things.

 Before, they would be allowed to actually go ahead and enact and enforce that new statute.

>>> Now as I understand it there is an existing statute on the books, can you talk about that?

>>> We do have an existing right to farm statute.

 And what that statute does is protect farmers and ranchers from nuisance lawsuits.

 The way our current statute is worded, it says that if you've been engaged in a certain agricultural practice for two years,

and that practice is being conducted in compliance with all the applicable laws,

 then there's a presumption that your activity doesn't constitute a nuisance to your neighbors.

>>> We're moving from a nuisance law to something that is all-encompassing about what it protects.

 But there are still exemptions.

>>> [Reporter] If it passes exemptions would include trespass, imminent domain, easements, right-of-way and other property rights, and legislation that was passed before December 31, 2014.

>>> If the future activities may cause problems through any of those avenues, then this constitutional amendment is probably not going to provide that additional layer of protection.

>>> [Reporter] Sanders says that it may, however, be discussed and considered through the court system.

 And likely would evolve over time as case law.

 After judges determine what's appropriate or inappropriate based upon the Oklahoma constitution.

>>> We are citizens and the more informed we are, the better we do at policy work.

 We are all part of that process.

 And we can choose to not be involved, or we can choose to be very involved.

 There are people on both sides of this issue that are very involved in interest groups where they wanna see that either this is defeated, or that it passes.

 And then there's the rest of us that are somewhere in that zone of between don't care, and maybe care but we don't have a lot of time to invest.

>>> What have other states done in terms of constitutional amendments?

And what kind of questions could arise here if this passes?

>>> Missouri and North Dakota have both passed constitutional amendments that are worded similar to the proposed language that you'd see in state question 777.

 There's some differences.

 For example in Oklahoma's proposed amendment we have the compelling state interest language that provides an exception for the legislature if there is a compelling state interest there.

  We haven't seen any court cases make it through the system, with respect to those other amendments,

so there's really not much of a basis for us to say what's been the outcome of those amendments,

and that might be that those amendments have kinda just quieted the landscape,

and really there's not much controversy there anymore, or maybe just it's gonna be a matter of time before we see those controversies arise.

 Another question that we've seen arise is this is a state constitutional amendment, but if there are changes in laws from the federal level,

how will federal courts interpret our constitutional amendment,

and how will state federal law be reconciled, if the amendment does get passed.

>>> Obviously there's a lot to this more than we can cover in a few minutes time, in a TV segment, correct?

>>> Yeah, there are lots of questions out there, and we encourage everyone to really do their homework, find out how they feel about the issues,

and answer some of the questions for themselves about what this amendment can and can't do.

>>> Okay, thank you very much Shannon.

 And for more information, Shannon and Larry have co-authored this fact sheet.

 We have a link for you on our web site sunup.okstate.edu.

  (soothing country music) 

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> I'm Al Sutherland with your Mesonet Weather Report.

 Monday, September 26th, was the unofficial first day of fall this year.

 Morning lows on Monday fell below 40 in the panhandle.

 Kenton and Eva recorded morning lows of 37 degrees.

 Most of the state had lows in the mid-50s, the green areas.

 Highs on Monday afternoon range from 72 degrees at Jay in the northeast, to 80 degrees at Hooker, Lane, and Webbers Falls.

 That's a tight statewide temperature range.

 It was a beautiful, mild day everywhere across the state.

 Tuesday morning didn't have any lows below 42 degrees,

but morning lows in the 40s made it a cool morning across most of the state on Tuesday, the blue areas.

 It looks like the 100 degree or higher temperatures are behind us.

 This year, 2016,  Hollis had the most 100 plus days-26.

  That's way below the state record of 101 days at or above 100 degrees, set in 2011  at Grandfield.

 Enjoy the fall weather.

 It's a great season to be outdoors.

 Here's Gary with a check on wetter and drier areas in the state.

>>> Thanks Alan.

 Good morning everyone.

 I certainly hope you enjoyed our burst of fall we've had recently and the good rains.

 Unfortunately, not everybody got as much rain as others,

and drought is still encamped across parts of eastern Oklahoma.

 Let's take a look at the latest drought monitor map and see what we have.

 Now as you can see, much of the eastern, really one-third to one-half of the state,

still in either abnormally dry conditions to moderate to severe drought.

 Not a lot of severe drought, but it's certainly looking like that's going to continue to spread,

unless we get some rainfall in that area.

 The moderate drought has gone all the way from the Red River up to north of Tulsa,

and then east over to Arkansas,

so, moderate and severe drought is on the increase across eastern Oklahoma, with relief across western Oklahoma where those good rains fell.

 Now let me show you why that drought is over there.

 If we look at the percentage of normal rainfall map, we see, 30 days, about 20 to 80 percent of normal across much of the eastern third of Oklahoma.

 And, for the 120 day map, we see long term deficits of 40 to 80 percent of normal across,

 again, much of eastern Oklahoma.

 And that's significant when you talk about that long of a timeframe,

120 days, really back to the middle of springtime,

or at least late into the spring.

 Now, we're not without hope.

 If we look at the eight to 14 day outlook,

this is for October 5th through the 11th,

we do see increased odds of above normal precipitation across much of Oklahoma, and that would certainly help.

 So more rain would help, but unfortunately we need it in specific spots, to be exact, across the eastern third of Oklahoma.

 So, more rain's good where it's at, and that's a little bit iffy.

 We'll have to wait and see where the forecast shapes up.

 That's it for this time.

 We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

  (upbeat music) 

 

Food Whys

>>> We're learning how to identify different cuts of beef with Kyle Flynn, who is the meat plant manager here at the Food and Ag Products Center.

 And Kyle, let's just kinda start off with the basics.

 The difference between a T-Bone steak and a Porterhouse.

>>> Well, if you were to look at the meat buyers guide, which is something published for people like us, in the industry,

it states that the Porterhouse will have a tenderloin, which is this muscle here, that it measures at least 1.25 inches, and that would say it's a Porterhouse.

 Versus the T-Bone, where here it's obviously smaller when you look at those two muscles.

 But another way that you can tell is when the gluteus medius muscle starts here,

which is can sometimes be referred to as the dorsal muscle,

when this muscle appears on the longismus dorsi muscle, or this side of the steak, then that becomes a Porterhouse.

 So as you're cutting these steaks down the short loin, this muscle will start to appear, and then that becomes the Porterhouse steak.

>>> [Lyndall] And this is the one you order when you're really, really hungry, right?

>>> Right.

>>> Let's talk about the strip steaks, and the difference between a KC strip and a New York strip.

 What's the difference?

>>> There's really no difference in that steak,

but in the book, it would be called a beef loin, strip loin steak boneless,

which would be a meat person's type idea of the cut, but as you look at restaurants,

 colloquialisms, different regions of the country, it could be called a New York strip or KC strip, 

it depends on the restaurant, depends on retail service, what they think is best for marketing.

 Because it doesn't sound that great when you're going through the menu and it says strip loin steak boneless.

 But if you happen to be in New York City and it says New York strip, wow, that gives me some excitement, I wanna eat that steak.

>>> Okay, and then last but not least, let's talk about the names of the USDA cuts and why they're different than maybe what's used in restaurants.

>>> It's really because the USDA cuts are kind of boring.

 I mean, New York strip, KC strip, and then if you even look at the name of the steak we've invented here in the center, the Vegas strip steak,

if you were to talk about the USDA cut, that would either be called a chuck steak,

or a subscapularis muscle, 'cause you're buying that in the box if you're ordering it in.

 But that end cut that we're gonna sell in the restaurant downtown is gonna say Vegas strip steak,

because that embodes that thing in the customer that makes 'em wanna order that steak.

>>> A little more glamorous, a little more appealing.

>>> Right.

>>> Okay, Kyle, thanks for your time today.

 We'll see ya later.

 (cheerful music) 

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson, our crop marketing specialist is here now,

and Kim, let's kind of start off this morning looking at what's going on around the world that could impact wheat prices.

>>> Well let's start with U.S. corn, we're in the middle of that harvest, course a record crop, over 15 billion bushels, that's coming in a little less than expected,

 

but really not enough to affect prices, and corn prices are probably gonna go a little lower and they may pull wheat down with it.

 You look at the wheat around the world, Russia, their harvest is over, it's a record or near-record crop,

that quality wasn't quite as good as they had hoped, but they've got a lot of wheat to export.

 You can go down to Australia, Argentina, their harvests are gonna start,

 Australia's probably in two or three weeks, Argentina in about another month.

 Argentina's crop's coming in just slightly below average, looks like a good crop coming in,

I should say below last year, but above average.

 Australia may harvest a record or near-record crop, they're getting a lot of rain right now, it's definitely impacting the quality,

so they're not gonna have as high of protein, or as good a exporting crop as they expected earlier.

>>> In terms of exports, how is that looking, especially compared to this time last year?

>>> Oh, it's looking really good, I think you look at hard, red winter wheat, it's around 95, 96% higher than last year,

so good export demand for our wheat, and all wheat,

it's running in the 25 to 30% above last year,

but right now,

we've had relatively good demand for our hard, red winter wheat.

>>> And is there any hope then for higher prices?

>>> There is hope, there's always hope for higher prices, again,

Australia's having problems, that could help move our prices up.

 If Argentina would have some problems now, then we'd definitely pick up oh, 40 or 50 cents,

if they had a lot, big problems, we might pick up another dollar.

 There's hope but it's not very likely.

 You're looking in the long-term into next harvest, if we can have a high test weight, a high protein crop,

I think we'll get prices up above four dollars,

 if we have another big crop with low quality, then we could be at three or less.

>>> And then last but not least, some last parting words, advice for producers.

>>> I think producers, I think they gotta take a look at planting their marginal acres, maybe not planting 'em this year.

 I think they've gotta concentrate on producing a quality product

because that's what we're short of,

we're not short of wheat, we got plenty of wheat around the world,

a large portion of that's feed quality,

what the world needs is a good protein,

 good test weight, good milling quality product.

>>> Terrific advice, Kim, thanks a lot, we'll see ya next week.

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> The goal for every spring cow-calf operation going into the fall and winter months is to have those cows all in good body condition at calving time next spring.

 By good, we're talking about mature cows being in a body condition score of five or six at calving time.

 As we go into the fall of the year it's easy to realize that these cows are different.

 We'll have some in our herd that are in pretty good body condition.

 We'll have others that are a little too thin going into winter.

 I think it's time to kind of take a look at our cow herd, and see if we can sort them as we go into the winter season,

and be a little more efficient with our winter supplementation program.

 That way we have a better chance of having all those cows reach the target next spring,

and still do the best job of getting the most good out of our supplement dollars.

 If it's an ideal world in a spring calving operation,

I would like to sort the cows into three groups going into the winter.

 Certainly those very, very young cows.

 The ones that had their first calf last spring.

 Those two year olds that are going to turn three next year, would be in one group.

 They're the ones that still have to grow.

 They are going through that time in their life when they're going from baby teeth to adult teeth,

so they don't consume forage quite as well.

 Those two factors together mean that if we can get some extra high energy supplement into those can give them some real boost as we go into the winter months and towards that spring calving.

 Another group that comes out in my mind are those real old cows that are still in our herd.

 Some of those that are 10 years old or older.

 Some of which might be on our cull list for next spring after they calve.

 We certainly want to make sure that they get through the winter in adequate body condition to have a calf and perhaps rebreed the following year.

 Depending upon whether we decide to keep them or not.

 That leaves then, the third group, which is the cows that are in the middle.

 Those four to nine years of age.

 Most of them should be in good body condition, coming off a good summer grass.

 We can put them together and supplement them in order to just maintain that body condition as they go through the winter into the spring calving season.

 Now, a lot of operations, certainly smaller cow-calf operations, may not have enough pastures to divide that cow herd up into three different places.

 But if we can just use two of those, I think that would really be helpful.

 If we're just going to do two, let's put the two groups that need the most supplement together.

 Those really young cows and perhaps those older cows, some of them that might be unsound in their mouth,

put those together and make sure that they're getting adequate supplementation.

 We want to remember that those younger cows are smaller and they're going to get bossed around by the bigger cows if they're left with those four to nine year olds.

 That way we can then leave that group of cows in that middle group, that four to nine together, and supplement them adequately.

 I think if we'll do just some planning, as we go into this winter season,

and put the groups of cows together that have similar nutritional requirements, then we can be a little more efficient with our feeding program

and then have a better chance of most of the cows reaching our target body condition score next spring

and get a good chance for them to calve and to recycle for the following breeding season on time.

 Hey, we look forward to visiting with you again next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

  (uptempo harmonica music) 

 

Road to the State Fair From Ada to Oklahoma City

>>> As fair season winds down we ask the question, what does it take to be a champion?

SUNUP's Kurtis Hair traveled to Pontotoc County to meet a 4-H'er on her way from her local fair all the way to the state fair in Oklahoma City.

>>> [Kurtis] County fairs are a special time for communities throughout Oklahoma.

 Families get to see local livestock and produce, have a few thrills on rides, and indulge in treats only socially acceptable at the fair grounds.

 In Pontotoc county, the fair is an opportunity for 13 year old Kya Rhodes to show off her heifer, Calamity.

>>> She's like always been my best friend since I started showing her.

 We've gained a friendship.

  When you start showing them, they get used to you.

 Then you start being friends with them.

>>> [Kurtis] Kya started showing heifers at age three.

 Her cousin Rindy Bacon along with her Ag teacher Mark Gray have helped Kya through the years.

>>> I've been associated with Kya for all of her life.

 Kya's a great young girl.

 She's got a great work ethic.

 She always wants to be at the barn.

 Loves to work with her cattle.

 She names them after, usually names them after food.

 She comes up with really ingenious names.

 Her personality is, she's one that wants to work.

>>> [Kurtis] Kya's dedication and work ethic is paying off.

 She won her division in several shows across the state and at a national show in Denver as well as taking home a 1,000 scholarship at a show in Fort Worth.

 

>>> I like showing and going to get, when I win, I go over to get my big check and stuff.

>>> Kya won her breed.

 She was champion Hereford heifer.

 Then they take each one of the champion heifers out of their breed and they go back and they participate for the overall champion heifer.

 So with that, she won 500 dollars for being supreme champion heifer at our county show.

>>> It felt pretty good to win it because I've already won it but I wanted to win it again.

>>> [Kurtis] Judges also awarded her the junior showmanship prize.

 After the county fair, it's time for the big show.

 The great state fair in Oklahoma City which offers a little bit more in both competition and entertainment.

 (lively banjo music) 

>>> There's a lot more people here from a lot more counties that I haven't ever seen before.

>>> Rindy says Kya is a fourth generation Hereford breeder.

 And while she's still really, really young, she expects that Kya will continue with the family tradition.

>>> It's truly her passion.

 You know I think it's really good for the young people.

 It teaches her a very strong work ethic.

 She sees the reward at the end of the day when she does do well.

>>> [Kurtis] For Kya, all the time and effort she's put into showing is not work, it's fun.

 And the state fair?

 Kya got another big check, winning her division in both open and junior shows

as well as champion polled Hereford heifer in the junior show.

 From the state fair in Oklahoma City, I'm Kurtis Hair.

>>> That'll do it for us this week.

 Remember you can find us anytime online on our website and also follow us on YouTube and social media.

 I'm Lyndall Stout.

 Have a great week everyone.

 Remember Oklahoma Ag starts at SUNUP.

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