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Oklahoma State University
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Transcript for September 13, 2014

Transcript for September 13, 2014

SEGMENTS THIS WEEK:

  • CENTENNIAL CORN
  • AG POLICY UPDATE
  • NO-TILL RESEARCH
  • COWBOY MARCHING BAND
  • COW-CALF CORNER
  • MESONET WEATHER
  • MARKET MONITOR
  • AG APPS

CENTENNIAL CORN

>>> HELLO EVERYONE, AND WELCOME TO SUNUP.

I'M LYNDALL STOUT.

WE JOIN YOU TODAY FROM THE EASTERN RESEARCH STATION AT HASKELL FOR A TRIP BACK IN TIME IN THIS CORN DEMONSTRATION PLOT.

100 YEARS BACK, TO COMPARE EARLY DAY OKLAHOMA FARMING PRACTICES TO WHAT WE'RE USING NOW.

JUST OVER AN ACRE OF FIELD CORN STANDS READY TO HARVEST, BUT THIS IS NEITHER ORDINARY CORN NOR AN ORDINARY DEMONSTRATION PLOT.

>> WE HAVE THREE HEIRLOOM TYPE VARIETIES, ANYWHERE FROM 1840 TO EARLY 1900s, AND WE HAVE THREE NEW HYBRID VARIETIES THAT HAVE JUST BEEN RELEASED IN THE LAST YEAR OR SO.

>> THAT'S SIX VARIETIES, THREE HEIRLOOM AND THREE HYBRID PLANTED BY BRIAN PUGH, NORTHEAST AREA AGRONOMIST FOR THE OKLAHOMA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE.

>> UNDER BOTH NEW MANAGEMENT 2014 MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND 1940 MANAGEMENT PRACTICES.

>> TWO STYLES OF FARMING, A CENTURY APART.

ALL TO COMMEMORATE THE CENTENNIAL OF EXTENSION IN OKLAHOMA AND THE UNITED STATES.

BRIAN SAYS EXTENSION’S ROOTS INSPIRED HIM.

>> IN THEN INFANCY OF EXTENSION THE WAY THAT EXTENSION GOT THE INFORMATION OUT TO FARMERS ACROSS THE UNITED STATES WAS THROUGH CORN CLUBS WITH CHILDREN, AND THE CHILDREN WOULD TAKE THAT INFORMATION HOME TO THEIR PARENTS AND THAT LATER BECAME 4‑H CLUBS.

SO I THOUGHT WHAT BETTER WAY THAN WITH A CORN CROP.

>> TO GET STARTED, HE DID SOME RESEARCH.

>> I ACTUALLY FOUND A 1915 PUBLICATION FROM KANSAS THAT WENT THROUGH VARIETY TRIALS, DIFFERENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF THE DAY AND SHOWED WHICH WAYS WERE BEST TO PLANT CORN IN IT.

SO FAR DIFFERENT THAN WHAT WE RECOMMEND TODAY.

>> A CENTURY AGO, THREE‑FOOT BY THREE‑FOOT PLANT SPACING WAS COMMON.

NOW A DAY, IT'S MUCH CLOSER.

MORE IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD OF 30 INCHES BY SEVEN INCHES.

AS A RESULT, EVERYTHING IS MORE UNIFORM AND THE MATURE CROP IS SMALLER.

>> IT'S NOT JUST THE SPACING AND THE RESULTING SIZE OF THE PLANT AND THE EAR THAT'S CHANGED IN THE PAST 100 YEARS.

WE'VE LEARNED A LOT ABOUT THE SOIL, AS WELL.

>> WHEN I WAS RESEARCHING THIS PLOT BEFORE WE ACTUALLY INSTALLED THIS PLOT HERE, I DID FIND AS I SAID A 1915 KANSAS RESEARCH STATION PUBLICATION.

AND THE REAL INTERESTING PART HAVING A SOIL FERTILITY BACKGROUND MYSELF WAS THAT THERE WAS BASICALLY TWO SENTENCES IN THE WHOLE PUBLICATION ABOUT SOIL FERTILITY.

IT SAID IF THE PLANT IS LOOKING THRIFTY AFTER THEY COME OUT OF THE GROUND ADD EIGHT TONS OF MANURE PER ACRE, AND THAT WAS THE ONLY RECOMMENDATION.

IT'S EASY TO SEE HOW FAR WE'VE COME FROM THAT NOW.

OUR KNOWLEDGE OF PH, OUR KNOWLEDGE OF PHOSPHOROUS AND POTASSIUM.

THE GREENSEEKER TECHNOLOGY WHICH IS REALLY REVOLUTIONARY TODAY WHICH ALLOWS US TO MORE CLOSELY PREDICT HOW MUCH NITROGEN WE NEED TO MAKE OPTIMUM YIELD.

THESE PLANTS HERE IN THE OLDER MANAGEMENT STYLE ACTUALLY DID NOT NEED ANY NITROGEN, BUT AGAIN WE ATTRIBUTE SOME OF THAT TO WIDER PLANT SPACING AND EACH PLANT IS ABLE TO PICK UP MORE NITROGEN FROM THE SOIL.

>> AS THE SENIOR SUPERINTENDENT AT THE EASTERN RESEARCH STATION, RODNEY FERRIS IS HERE EVERY DAY.

HE GOT TO HELP TACKLE THE WEEDS THAT EMERGE AS A RESULT OF THE 1914 MANAGEMENT STYLE.

>> A LOT OF HARD WORK HOWING THAT FIELD.

THE WEEDS ARE PRETTY TALL, BECAUSE WE COULDN'T GET IN THERE WHEN IT RAINED, KEPT RAINING AND RAINING, WE HAD TO KIND OF WAIT UNTIL IT DRIED UP SO THAT WE COULD HOE THE WEEDS OUT.

>> EVIDENCE OF JUST HOW FAR EXTENSION AND AGRICULTURE HAVE COME, WHICH FOR BRIAN MAY JUST BE THE BEST PART OF THE WHOLE DEMONSTRATION.

>> BEING ABLE TO SEE THE ADVANCES THAT WE'VE MADE THROUGH EXTENSION RESEARCH AND TEACHING, FOR PRODUCERS IN OKLAHOMA AND BEING PART OF THAT, KNOWING THAT I AM A PART OF THAT, AND MAYBE IN A HUNDRED YEARS THEY'LL DO ONE OF THESE AGAIN, AND THEY'LL LOOK BACK AND SAY IT'S SO MUCH EASIER NOW THAN WHAT IT WAS THEN.

MESONET WEATHER

>> I'M AL SUTHERLAND WITH YOUR MESONET WEATHER REPORT.

WEDNESDAY WAS A DAY OF CHANGE ACROSS OKLAHOMA, AN AIR TEMPERATURE MAP FROM 4:10 WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON HAD BERNIEVILLE AT 100 DEGREES AND A NUMBER OF OTHER MESONET SITES IN THE UPPER 90s.

THE DARK RED MAP AREAS.

CROSSING INTO THE ORANGE MAP AREAS, TEMPERATURES WERE 20 DEGREES COOLER IN THE MID TO UPPER 70s.

WINDS WENDNESSDAY CHANGED ACROSS THE STATE AS THE COLD FRONT WENT THROUGH SHIFTING FROM THE SOUTH IN THE SOUTHEAST TO WINDS OUT OF THE NORTH, NORTHWEST OF A LINE FROM ARDMOR TO ADA TO WEBER FALLS.

WE SAW BIG CHANGES IN HUMIDITY TUESDAY AFTERNOON.

HUMIDITIES WENT LOWER IN THE SOUTHEAST FROM THE AFTERNOON HEAT, JUMPED UP IN THE BAND OF COOLER AIR JUST BEHIND THE WIND SHIFT, THE GREEN BAND ON OUR MAP.

THE ORANGE MAP AREAS IN THE NORTHWEST INDICATED DRIER AIR FARTHER BEHIND THE FRONT.

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 9 WAS A HOT ONE ACROSS THE STATE, ONLY TWO MESONET SITES FELL BELOW 90, JAY AND WESTVILLE AND THE HEAT INDEX WAS 100 OR HIGHER AT 43 MESONET SITES TUESDAY.

WHAT A CHANGE TO HAVE MORNING TEMPERATURES 40 TO 50 DEGREES COOLER THAN OUR TUESDAY HIGHS.

HERE IS GARY WITH THE LATEST DROUGHT MONITOR.

>> THANKS, AL.

GOOD MORNING, EVERYBODY.

AS YOU'RE WATCHING THIS YOU PROBABLY REALIZE THAT FALL IS DEFINITELY IN THE AIR.

AND HOPEFULLY YOU'VE GOTTEN SOME RAIN THIS WEEK TO ALLEVIATE SOME OF THOSE DRY CONDITIONS.

SPEAKING OF THE DRY CONDITIONS, LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT THE LATEST U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR REPORT AND SEE WHAT THE STATE LOOKS LIKE FOR THIS WEEK.

SHOWS MORE IMPROVEMENTS IN NORTHWESTERN AND NORTHEASTERN OKLAHOMA, BUT ALSO SOME INTENSIFICATION ACROSS EAST CENTRAL OKLAHOMA.

UNFORTUNATELY, STILL TOO MUCH RED AND ORANGE ON THAT MAP, ESPECIALLY ACROSS SOUTHWESTERN AND WEST CENTRAL OKLAHOMA, AND UP IN THE PANHANDLE.

I THOUGHT WE COULD TAKE A LOOK AT THE CONDITIONS OF OUR PASTURES AND RANGELANDS AT THIS TIME OF THE YEAR.

LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT THESE MAPS FROM THE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SERVICE OF THE USDA.

THE FIRST IS THE PERCENT OF PASTURE AND RANGELAND CONSIDERED TO BE IN GOOD OR VERY GOOD CONDITION FOR THE STATE OF OKLAHOMA.

YOU CAN SEE IT'S 45%.

SO THAT'S PRETTY GOOD, ESPECIALLY WHEN WE COMPARE IT TO THE 28% IN TEXAS OR THE 19% IN NEW MEXICO.

AND, OF COURSE, CALIFORNIA AND ITS HORRIBLE DROUGHT IS ONLY 15%.

NOW, THE PERCENT OF PASTOR AND RANGELAND IN POOR OR VERY POOR CONDITION IS ONLY 19% IN OKLAHOMA WHICH IS A GREAT NUMBER FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR, ESPECIALLY CONSIDERING THE BAD SPRING THAT WE HAD AND ALSO THE HOT, DRY AUGUST.

WE CAN THANK THOSE NUMBERS TO THE LATE SPRING AND SUMMER RAINS THAT WE SAW THIS YEAR.

HERE ARE THE TOTALS SINCE MAY 21st FROM THE MESONET.

THE FAMOUS DATE WHEN THE RAINS CAME BACK THIS YEAR.

STILL SOME DRY AREAS FROM WEST CENTRAL, SOUTHERN AND EAST CENTRAL OKLAHOMA AND THE PANHANDLE, OF COURSE.

WE LOOK AT DEPARTURE FROM NORMAL FOR THAT SAME PERIOD, SINCE MAY 21ST, WE SEE MOST AREAS SAW SOME SURPLUS OF AT LEAST TWO INCHES TO MORE THAN SIX INCHES IN OTHER AREAS.

THE STATEWIDE AVERAGE FROM THAT MAY 21st THROUGH SEPTEMBER 10 PERIOD WAS 15 INCHES, OR ABOUT 1.7 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL, AND THAT'S A 26th WETTEST SUCH PERIOD SINCE AT LEAST 1921.

NOW THAT FALL IS HERE AND TEMPERATURES STARTED TO DROP WE HAVE TO HOPE THOSE RAINS START TO COME BACK AND REALLY PUT ANOTHER BIG DENT IN THIS DROUGHT.

THAT'S IT FOR THIS TIME.

WE'LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME ON THE MESONET WEATHER REPORT. 

MARKET MONITOR

>>> WHEAT PRICES HAVE FALLEN ALMOST $2.50 SINCE MAY AND KIM WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?

>> WELL, LET'S GO BACK TO FEBRUARY OF 2011, WHEN WHEAT PRICES WERE $9.90, FROM FEBRUARY '11 TO MAY OF ‘12, THEY FELL TO $6, THEY HIT THAT 6‑DOLLAR LEVEL.

THEY WENT BACK UP AGAIN BY NOVEMBER OF ’12 TO $9.35.

THEY FELL TO SIX FROM THERE, BY JANUARY OF 2014.

SINCE MAY OF THIS YEAR, WHEAT PRICES HAVE FALLEN FROM $8.54 BACK DOWN TO THAT $6 LEVEL.

AND WE'VE BEEN POUNDING THAT $6 LEVEL FOR ABOUT THE LAST THREE WEEKS.

>> OKAY, KIM.

DO YOU THINK THAT WE'LL SEE THOSE POST WHEAT HARVEST 2010 NUMBERS AGAIN?

>> IT'S POSSIBLE.

RIGHT NOW IN THE SHORT RUN WE'RE MOVING IN A SIDEWAYS PATTERN BETWEEN $6 AND $6.70.

IF WE BREAK THROUGH THAT, SAY NEXT TUESDAY CLOSE BELOW IT I THINK WE'RE GOING TO GO DOWN.

THE SUPPORT LEVELS I'VE GOT BELOW $6, ARE ABOUT $5.50, INTO $5, AND $4.50.

I THINK $4.50 WOULD PROBABLY CLOSE TO THE BOTTOM PRICE THAT WE WOULD SEE OVER THE NEXT 12 TO 18 MONTHS.

>> WE DIDN'T HAVE A GREAT WHEAT CROP IN OKLAHOMA THIS LAST YEAR.

SHOULDN'T THE PRICES BE GOING UP?

>> YOU WOULD EXPECT THAT WITH BELOW AVERAGE U.S. WHEAT CROP, WITH BELOW AVERAGE U.S. ENDING STOCKS WITH BELOW AVERAGE, WELL BELOW AVERAGE WORLD HARD RED WINTER WHEAT STOCKS.

AS WE DISCUSSED RECENTLY ON THE "SUNUP," YOU KNOW, OUR PRICE IS DETERMINED ON THE WORLD MARKET AND THE WORLD IS PRODUCING A LOT OF WHEAT.

>> LET'S TALK ABOUT THE WASDE REPORT JUST COME OUT THIS LAST WEEK.

WHAT DID YOU FIND IN IT?

>> IF YOU LOOK AT THE REPORT, THERE ARE SOME SURPRISES IN IT.

WE WERE TALKING ABOUT WHEAT, WORLD WHEAT PRODUCTION.

THEY INCREASED IT FROM 26.1 BILLION‑BUSHELS TO 26.5 BILLION BUSHES.

I THINK THAT IS A SURPRISE TO THE MARKETS.

WORLD ENDING STOCKS INCREASED FROM 7.1 TO 7.2 BILLION BUSHELS.

U.S. ENDING STOCKS INCREASED FROM 663 TO 698 SO IT INCREASED.

ALL NEGATIVE, ALL NEGATIVE INFORMATION THERE, THAT COULD HAVE A NEGATIVE IMPACT AND HELP US BREAK THAT $6 LEVEL.

IF YOU LOOK AT CORN, THAT PRODUCTION WAS RAISED 14.4 BILLION‑BUSHELS, IN AUGUST IT WAS 14 EVEN.

THE TRADE WAS EXPECTING 14.3.

CORN ENDING STOCKS, WASDE DID HAVE HIGHER CORN USE, SO ENDING STOCKS STAYED AT ABOUT 2 BILLION, ABOUT WHERE THEY WERE IN AUGUST AND TRADE WAS EXPECTING TOO.

YOU LOOK AT SOYBEANS, WITH HIGHER PRODUCTION, NEGATIVE CORN, YOU LOOK AT SOYBEANS AGAIN INCREASED PRODUCTION, YOU KNOW, 3.91 BILLION‑BUSHELS, YOU KNOW, LAST MONTH WAS 3.8.

ENDING STOCKS TO 475 MILLION.

LAST MONTH WAS 430, AGAIN NEGATIVE INFORMATION FOR WHEAT, CORN AND BEANS.

>> WHAT ARE THE PRICE PREDICTIONS ACCORDING TO KIM ANDERSON?

>> WE'RE GOING TO WATCH THAT ON WHEAT WE'RE GOING TO WATCH THE $6 LEVEL.

IF WE BREAK THAT AND WE'RE DOWN BELOW IT TUESDAY OF NEXT WEEK I THINK WE'RE GOING TO TAKE IT DOWN ANOTHER 20 TO 30 CENTS, MAYBE DOWN TO THAT $5.50 LEVEL.

CORN PRICES WERE ALREADY WEAK.

THE ENDING STOCKS DIDN'T CHANGE, THE USDA YIELDS WERE ABOVE THE TRADE EXPECTATIONS.

MIGHT GET A LITTLE HIT ON CORN BUT I DON'T THINK A BIG HIT THERE.

SOYBEANS I THINK WILL TAKE A BIGGER HIT THAN EITHER CORN OR WHEAT.

>> OKAY.

IF PRODUCERS WERE DOING THE THIRD, THIRD AND THIRD AT HARVEST, SHOULD THEY STILL BE MOVING INTO THAT SECOND THIRD RIGHT NOW?

>> YEAH, I WOULD STILL BE FOLLOWING THAT.

THE SECOND THIRD SHOULD BE LATE SEPTEMBER, EARLY OCTOBER.

I MIGHT WAIT TO SEE IF WE COME BACK A LITTLE BIT.

IT'S WET UP IN CANADA, NORTHERN TIER OF THE U.S. AND THOSE CROPS AREN’T GOING TO BE AS GOOD OF QUALITY AS EXPECTED.

>> OKAY.

THANK YOU MUCH.

KIM ANDERSON, GRAIN MARKETING SPECIALIST HERE AT OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY.

COW-CALF CORNER

>>> UNDOUBTEDLY, YOU HAVE SEEN THE COMMERCIAL FOR A CREDIT CARD THAT ENDS WITH THE STATEMENT OR THE QUESTION, WHAT'S IN YOUR WALLET?

WELL, LET'S REPHRASE THAT ON TODAY'S CAW-CALF CORNER.

LET'S ASK WHAT'S IN YOUR HAY.

I THINK THAT IS A VERY CRITICAL QUESTION THAT ALSO WILL LEAD TO WHAT'S GOING TO BE IN YOUR WALLET NEXT SPRING AFTER YOU FEED THE HAY.

THE DIFFERENCE IN FORAGE QUALITY HAS SUCH A HUGE IMPACT ON OUR SUPPLEMENTATION NEEDS, IT'S VERY IMPORTANT WE TAKE THE TIME AND SPEND JUST A FEW DOLLARS GETTING A HAY TEST ON OUR FORAGE SO WE KNOW HOW TO SUPPLEMENT IT THIS WINTER.

TAKE FOR INSTANCE WE HAVE SOME LOW QUALITY HAY, SOMETHING THAT TESTS ABOUT 5% CRUDE PROTEIN AND WE'RE GOING TO FEED THAT TO OUR GESTATING COWS THIS WINTER BEFORE THEY CALVE.

IF WE HAVE A 1200 POUND COW WITH THAT 5% LOW QUALITY HAY SHE CAN ONLY CONSUME ABOUT 1 1/2 PERCENT OF HER BODY WEIGHT EVERY DAY IF SHE HAS FREE CHOICE ACCESS TO THAT HAY.

AND WITH THAT, THEN, WITH THAT ONLY 5% AT 1 1/2 PERCENT OF HER BODY WEIGHT, SHE ONLY GETS ABOUT .9 POUNDS OF CRUDE PROTEIN EVERY DAY, WHICH IS LESS THAN HALF OF WHAT SHE REALLY NEEDS.

COMPARE THAT THEN WITH A COW THAT HAS ACCESS TO BETTER QUALITY HAY, SOMETHING THAT TESTS ABOUT 9% CRUDE PROTEIN.

WHAT YOU WOULD FIND THERE IS THAT COW CAN CONSUME MORE OF IT, ABOUT 2% OF HER BODY WEIGHT, AND SINCE IT'S HIGHER IN PROTEIN SHE IS RECEIVING CLOSE TO TWO POUNDS OF CRUDE PROTEIN EVERY DAY, AND THAT SHOULD MEET HER PROTEIN NEEDS UNTIL AFTER SHE CALVES.

SO IT MAKES SO MUCH DIFFERENCE AS TO WHETHER YOU'RE GOING TO NEED TO SUPPLEMENT THAT 5% CRUDE PROTEIN HAY AND IT WILL TAKE SOMETHING LIKE ABOUT FIVE POUNDS OF A 20 OR 2 1/2 POUNDS OF A 40% CRUDE PROTEIN PELLET IN ORDER TO MAKE UP THE DIFFERENCE IF WE HAVE THAT LOWER QUALITY HAY.

KNOWING WHAT'S IN YOUR HAY EFFECTS HOW MUCH SUPPLEMENT, WHAT KIND OF SUPPLEMENT YOU'RE GOING TO BUY THIS WINTER, AND WILL REALLY AFFECT YOUR BOTTOM LINE.

I'M GOING TO ASK YOU AGAIN, WHAT'S IN YOUR HAY?

WE LOOK FORWARD TO SEEING YOU NEXT WEEK ON "SUNUP'S" COW‑CALF CORNER.

NO-TILL RESEARCH

>> IT'S A BUSY TIME OF YEAR FOR OKLAHOMA WHEAT PRODUCERS WHO ARE OUT ABOUTING THEIR WINTER WHEAT IN THE GROUND.

AND FOR MANY, THE OPTION OF NO-TILL IS GROWING IN POPULARITY.

SO TODAY, WE WANT TO LOOK AT SOME ONGOING NO-TILL RESEARCH.

HERE IS "SUNUP'S" AUSTIN MOORE.

>> NO-TILL TAKES PATIENCE.

IT CAN TAKE YEARS FOR A SOIL TO RECOVER FROM CONVENTIONAL TILLAGE TO THE POINT WHERE THE BENEFITS OF NO TILL ARE REALIZED.

THESE TEST PLOTS SOUTH OF PERRY PROVIDE A PERFECT EXAMPLE.

HERE A WHEAT AND SORGHUM ROTATION HAS BEEN MAINTAINED ON NO-TILL PLOTS THAT ARE EIGHT AND 2‑YEARS‑OLD.

>> WHAT WE CAN DO NOW IS LOOK AT HOW THE AGE OF NO-TILL EFFECTS CROP PERFORMANCE.

WE HAVE 8‑YEAR‑OLD NO TILL OR 2‑YEAR‑OLD NO-TILL SOILS, AND WHAT WE FOUND IS WHERE WE HAVE THIS EIGHT YEAR OLD NO-TILL GROUND, LAST SUMMER AT LEAST WE GREW 135‑BUSHELS SORGHUM, THIS PLOT, THE YOUNGER NO-TILL WAS 110‑BUSHEL SORGHUM, SO 25 BUSHEL DIFFERENCE IN YIELD.

WE HAD WHEAT ON THESE PLOTS TO THE NORTH, 20‑BUSHELS THIS PAST WINTER, ON THE OLD NO TILL GROUND AND TEN‑BUSHELS ON THE 2‑YEAR‑OLD NO TILL.

SO WHAT WE'RE SEEING IS THE LONG‑TERM BENEFITS OF NO-TILL.

SO THAT'S A GENERAL STORY WE SEE IN OUR STUDIES.

FOR SUMMER CROPS WE GET A BENEFIT OF ABOUT 10% ON OUR GRAIN YIELDS WHEN WE GO TO NO-TILL.

EVEN RIGHT INTO THE SYSTEM FIRST YEAR, AND THEN IN THE WHEAT WE REALLY DON'T SEE MUCH OF A YIELD BENEFIT.

SO IT'S THE SUMMER ROTATIONAL CROPS WHERE WE'RE GETTING THE BENEFIT OF THE IMPROVED SOIL WATER HOLDING CAPACITY AND SOIL CHARACTERISTICS THAT ARE MAKING MORE GRAIN.

>> WARREN ALSO SHOWED US HOW THE TWO PLOTS COMPARE BELOW GROUND.

>> WHAT WE HAVE HERE IS THIS IS GROUND THAT HAS NOT BEEN TILLED IN EIGHT YEARS.

WE CAN LOOK AND SEE WHAT THAT SOIL LOOKS LIKE.

SO WE STILL GOT THE NICE RED COLOR, AND WHAT WE FIND IS THAT SOIL BREAKS APART EVEN FAIRLY READILY.

THIS IS NOT A GREAT CONDITION, BECAUSE RIGHT THERE AT ABOUT 2 INCHES WE HAVE KIND OF THE SURFACE BUT YOU DO SEE SOME BIOPORES COMING THROUGH HERE, YOU SEE SOME ROOTS, YOU SEE THAT CRACK, BUT THEN THE REAL ‑‑ AND BELOW THIS, THERE'S REALLY NO DIFFERENCE IN THE SOIL CHARACTER BETWEEN THE TWO TREATMENTS.

WHEN YOU LOOK AT IT FROM THIS DIRECTION YOU START TO SEE THAT DARK ‑‑ THOSE DARK COLORINGS, THIS SOIL IS KIND OF FRIABLE, AND WHAT WE CALL GRANULAR, AND WE PUSH ON IT READILY, OR SLIGHTLY, AND IT WILL BREAK APART AND YOU CAN SEE ALL THOSE ROOTS.

SOME OF THEM ARE ROOTS FROM THE CURRENT CROP, AND THEN SOME OF THEM ARE OLD.

AND THEN YOU SEE HERE THAT IS A PLATY STRUCTURE WHICH WE DON'T LIKE, BUT IT'S BETTER THAN NO STRUCTURE AT ALL, BECAUSE AS THAT SOIL WETS, THE WATER CAN AT LEAST GET INTO THOSE VOIDS THAT ARE CREATED.

IT BREAKS APART.

THIS IS THE 2‑YEARS‑OLD, YOU'RE STARTING TO GET AT THE VERY NEAR SURFACE GETTING THAT CHARACTER BUT YOU'LL SEE THAT WHITE, THAT LIGHTER COLORED MATERIAL.

THAT IS AN OLD CRUST FROM WHEN WE FIRST STARTED THIS NO TILL SYSTEM THAT’S ACCUMULATED, AND SO THAT'S PROBLEMATIC.

YOU'LL SEE THAT BIOPORE RIGHT THERE AT THE TIP OF MY FINGER.

SO WE ARE GETTING SOME BIOPORE DEVELOPMENT.

THERE IS ESSENTIALLY NO STRUCTURE.

WHEN I PULL THAT APART THERE ARE CLODS THAT BREAK APART IN REGULAR FASHION.

AND THEY ARE FAIRLY STRONG CLODS.

ALTHOUGH YOU KNOW, YOU ARE STARTING TO GET PLATY STRUCTURE HERE.

IMPROVEMENTS ARE COMING TO US, BUT THEY'RE JUST NOT THERE LIKE THE OLDER SOIL IS.

YOU'LL SEE THESE BIG CLODS.

BUT THIS IS A GOOD EXAMPLE OF A BIG CLOD.

ON THE OTHER PLOT, ALTHOUGH THERE WAS SOME PLATY STRUCTURE, YOU DIDN'T REALLY FIND THESE BIG CLODS IN THE TOP TWO INCHES OF SOIL.

AND THE REASON WHY THESE ARE PROBLEMATIC IS THAT THE WATER HITS THIS, AND IT MUST MOVE INTO THE MICROPORES OF THIS SOIL TO GET INTO THE GROUND, BECAUSE THERE'S JUST NOT ANY PORE VOLUME FOR IT TO FLOW INTO.

WATER FLOWS QUICKER THAN IT IS PULLED INTO MICRO PORES, AND SO THIS GROUND WILL TAKE WATER LESS READILY THAN THE GROUND IN THE 8‑YEAR‑OLD NO TILL.

>> THAT TRANSLATES INTO YIELDS, AND IN TURN PROFITS.

>> WE'VE MADE $200 MORE REVENUE WITH 25‑BUSHELS MORE SORGUM LAST SUMMER, AND 10 BUSHELS MORE WHEAT LAST SUMMER DUE TO THE IMPROVEMENTS IN THE TOP TWO INCHES OF THE 8 YEAR OLD NO-TILL SOIL.

>> IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT TILLAGE OPTIONS VISIT OUR WEB SITE SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU

AG POLICY UPDATE

>>> JOINING US ARE AG POLICY SPECIALIST JODY CAMPICHE.

JODY TODAY LET’S TALK ABOUT THE LIVESTOCK FORAGE PROGRAM AND FIRST OF ALL GIVE US A SNAPSHOT OF WHAT THAT PROGRAM REALLY IS.

>> THE LIVESTOCK FORAGE PROGRAM IS A LIVESTOCK DISASTER ASSISTANCE PROGRAM TO HELP LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS WHEN THEY HAVE PERIODS OF GRAZING LOSSES DUE TO DROUGHT.

AND THIS PROGRAM WAS AUTHORIZED IN THE LAST FARM BILL, PART OF THE 2008 FARM BILL, AND REAUTHORIZED IN THE 2014 FARM BILL.

IT GOES BACK AND COVERS LOSSES FOR 2012, 2013 AND 2014.

>> ALL RIGHT.

SO THERE HAVE BEEN SOME CHANGES TO THIS PROGRAM, I UNDERSTAND.

WHAT'S HAPPENED THERE?

>> OKAY.

SO WHAT'S HAPPENED WHEN IT FIRST CAME OUT THERE WERE A LOT OF QUESTIONS ABOUT CONTRACT GROWERS WHO ACTUALLY DIDN'T OWN THE CATTLE BUT OWNED OR LEASED THE FORAGE AND TOOK CATTLE IN ON A RATE OF GAIN BASIS.

THOSE PRODUCERS DID NOT ORIGINALLY QUALIFY.

THERE HAS BEEN A SLIGHT CHANGE IN INTERPRETATION OF THE RULES.

NOW THOSE PRODUCERS CAN QUALIFY.

>> OKAY.

SO CLEARLY THEY'RE GOING TO HAVE TO GO THROUGH SOME KIND OF HOOPS TO GET THAT DONE.

WHAT DO THEY NEED TO DO?

>> SO HERE IS THE NEXT THING.

WRITTEN AGREEMENTS ARE REQUIRED FOR THOSE LOSSES.

NOW, IN OKLAHOMA, MANY PRODUCERS, MANY CONTRACT GROWERS DO NOT ACTUALLY HAVE A WRITTEN AGREEMENT IN PLACE FOR 2012, 2013 AND EVEN IN 2014.

THEY HAD ORAL AGREEMENTS.

THEY'LL NEED TO GO BACK AND WRITE OUT A WRITTEN AGREEMENT AND THE CONTRACT GROWER AND LIVESTOCK OWNER WILL NEED TO SIGN THAT AGREEMENT.

THERE ARE CERTAIN THINGS OF COURSE THAT NEED TO BE INCLUDED IN THERE, SUCH AS ONE THING IN PARTICULAR MORTALITY CLAUSE.

A COUPLE OTHER THINGS ARE VERY IMPORTANT SO THEY NEED TO LOOK INTO THAT BEFORE FIGURING OUT WHAT NEEDS TO GO INTO THE WRITTEN AGREEMENT.

>> NOW THIS IS A LOT OF PRODUCERS IN SOUTHERN OKLAHOMA.

>> YES THIS EFFECTS A LOT OF PRODUCERS IN OUR STATE THAT AGAIN PREVIOUSLY WEREN'T ELIGIBLE AND NOW THEY ARE.

THEY NEED TO MAKE SURE THEY FOLLOW THE GUIDELINES OF HOW THE WORDING NEEDS TO BE IN THE WRITTEN AGREEMENT.

OSU EXTENSION WILL PROVIDE MORE INFORMATION AS SOON AS MORE CLARIFICATION COMES OUT ON THOSE DETAILS.

>> LET'S SHIFT DETAILS A LITTLE BIT AND TALK ABOUT CROP INSURANCE DATES.

WE HAVE A FEW DEADLINES COMING UP OVER THE NEXT COUPLE OF MONTHS.

>> COMING UP AT THE END OF SEPTEMBER, SEPTEMBER 30th IS THE DEADLINE FOR INSURANCE ON OUR FALL PLANTED CROPS.

THAT INCLUDES WINTER WHEAT.

ALSO THE NEW SUPPLEMENTAL CROP INSURANCE, SCO, THAT DEADLINE FOR WINTER WHEAT IS SEPTEMBER 30th, AS WELL.

>> ALL RIGHT.

YOU'VE GOT A LOT OF INFORMATION ON ONLINE THAT EXPLAINS SOME OF THIS MORE.

YOU CAN FIND A LINK TO THAT INFORMATION AT OUR WEBSITE SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU.

AG APPS

>>> NOW WITH SOME USEFUL APPS FOR YOUR SMARTPHONE OR MOBILE DEVICE, HERE’S BRIAN ARNELL.

>> ONE OF THE MOST SIMPLE APPS THAT ARE MADE ARE THE CALCULATOR APPS.

IN THIS SECTION I WANT TO GO THROUGH SOME APPLICATIONS THAT HAVE A FEW INPUTS AND YOU GET REAL HANDY OUTPUTS.

THE FIRST ONE I WANT TO TALK ABOUT IS THE AG Ph.D. HARVEST LOSS APP.

WE CAN GO INTO THIS APP, WE CAN CHOOSE A CROP, CHOOSE HOW MANY SEEDS PER POUND, HOW MANY SEEDS WE FIND PER SQUARE FOOT BEHIND THE COMBINE.

WE PUT OUR CROP PRICE IN, AND THEN WHAT IT SHOWS YOU IS ACTUALLY HOW MANY POUNDS OF SEED YOU'RE LOSING PER ACRE, HOW MUCH BUSHELS YOU'RE LOSING PER ACRE, AND THEN WHAT IS THAT ECONOMIC VALUE THAT YOU'RE LOSING BY NOT HAVING YOUR COMBINE SET RIGHT OR HAVING TOO MUCH COMING OUT OF THE BACK END.

THE SECOND APP WILL BE NUTRIENT REMOVAL.

THERE ARE SEVERAL NUTRIENT UPTAKE, NUTRIENT REMOVAL APPS THAT ARE AVAILABLE.

ONE IS THE MOSAIC NUTRIENT REMOVAL APP.

YOU CAN GO IN THERE AND SELECT A CROP.

IT WILL GIVE YOU HOW MUCH N, P205, K20, MG, AND SULFUR HAS BEEN REMOVED IN THAT CROP.

THIS APP HAS A LOT OF CROPS, LOT OF CROPS THAT WE USE IN OKLAHOMA, SO BERMUDA GRASS, CORN, WHEAT.

THE ONE THING I DON'T LIKE ABOUT THIS APP IS THAT IT HAS A STAGNANT YIELD LEVEL.

IF WE GO BACK, THOUGH, AND GO TO ANOTHER APP, FERTILIZER REMOVAL BY AG PH.D’S, YOU GET INTO THAT APP AND IT WILL ALLOW YOU TO SET A SPECIFIC LEVEL OF YIELD.

NOW, THESE VALUES OF THESE APPS ARE NOT TO THE PINPOINT ACCURACY.

THERE IS SOME PLUS OR MINUS, BECAUSE THE DATA IS NOT THAT CONCISE, IT'S GOING TO DEPEND ON ENVIRONMENT, IT WILL DEPEND ON LOCATION, AND DEPEND ON FERTILITY LEVELS.

FOR THOSE OUTSIDE OF OKLAHOMA, GROWING DEGREE DAYS IS VERY IMPORTANT.

FOR THE SUMMER CROPS SPECIFICALLY IT'S COMMONLY USED IN CORN AND SOYBEAN PRODUCTION.

I'M SEEING IT BROUGHT DOWN MORE INTO OKLAHOMA AS WE'RE SCOUTING.

GROWING DEGREE DAYS IS SPECIFICALLY THE HEAT UNITS, HOW HOT HAS IT BEEN, HOW MANY GROWTH UNITS HAS THAT CROP SEEN.

THE APP THAT I PREFER IS AGAIN AN AG PH.D. APP, IT’S THE GDU CALCULATOR.

WITHIN IT YOU CAN GO IN THERE, BY ZIP CODE, PLACE YOUR ZIP CODE AND IT WILL GIVE YOU THE GROWING DEGREE HEAT UNITS FOR THAT ZIP CODE FROM YOUR START TO FINISH DATE.

THE LAST ONE THAT I'LL TALK ABOUT IS THE CANOLA SEEDING CALCULATOR.

NOT ONLY CAN YOU PUT IN YOUR GERM PER BAG BUT HOW MANY OF THOSE PLANTS YOU THINK WILL SURVIVE THROUGH THE WINTER.

THEN IT WILL GIVE YOU A LIVE PLANTS PER SQUARE METER AND A LIVE PLANTS PER ACRE, AND THE LIVE PLANTS PER FOOT OF ROW.

BUT THE BIG NUMBER IT DELIVERS IS THAT CALCULATED SEEDING RATE IN POUNDS PER ACRE.

THERE ARE SEVERAL OTHER CALCULATORS AVAILABLE THAT I HAVE IN MY CALCULATOR SECTION.

FOR MORE INFORMATION GO TO THE "SUNUP" WEB SITE AT SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU.

>>> THAT WILL DO IT FOR US THIS WEEK.

FROM THE EASTERN RESEARCH STATION AT HASKELL, I'M LYNDALL STOUT.

WE'LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME AT "SUNUP."

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