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SUNUP TV 
141 Agriculture North
Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for June 29, 2013

Transcript for June 29, 2013

SEGMENTS THIS WEEK:

  • HARVEST-CADDO COUNTY
  • HARVEST OVERVIEW
  • HARVEST-ELLIS COUNTY
  • FOOD WHYS
  • COW-CALF CORNER
  • MARKET MONITOR
  • NRCS SURVEY
  • MESONET WEATHER
  • BLOAT GENETICS

HARVEST -CADDO COUNTY 

>>>  HELLO EVERYONE AND WELCOME TO SUNUP, I’M LYNDALL STOUT.

COMBINES HAVE BEEN ROLLING ACROSS OKLAHOMA THE PAST FEW WEEKS.

AND YEILDS AND QUALITY VARY A LOT, DEPENDING ON WHICH FARMER YOU TALK TO.

WE BEGIN OUR LOOK AT THE 2013 HARVEST HERE IN CADDO COUNTY.

 >>> BRITTANY KREHBIEL IS NO STRANGER TO WHEAT HARVEST.

AND NO STRANGER TO COMBINES.

AS SHE TAKES ME ON A COUPLE OF ROUNDS… WE TALK CROP QUALITY.

 BRITTANY KREHBIEL: “I WAS HOPING AND PRAYING THAT IT WAS GOOD AND IT’S BEEN A BLESSING TO SEE THAT IT IS.

>>> AND WHAT IT TAKES TO KEEP THIS MASSIVE MACHINE – RUNNING SMOOTHLY.

BRITTANY KREHBIEL: TRYING TO KEEP IT INTO THE WHEAT AND OUT OF THE DIRT.

(LAUGHS)>> THAT'S THE MAIN THING.

BRITTANY: YEAH.

>> ACROSS THE FIELD, THAT’S ALSO THE MAIN OBJECTIVE FOR BRITTANY’S GRANDPA WAYNE KREHBIEL WHO AT AGE 82 SPENT A LOT OF YEARS ON OPENAIR COMBINES.

  >> WAYNE KREHBIEL: I’M PROBABLY STILL SUFFERING FROM THE DAYS OF WHEN NO CABS ON THE COMBINE.

YOU SIT IN THAT DIRT FOR HOURS AND HOURS.

BUT I LOVED IT ANYWAYS.

>> THAT SHARED LOVE OF THE LAND – AND HARVESTING WHAT YOU’VE SOWN IS ALREADY SHAPING BRITTANY’S FUTURE.

>> LYNDALL STOUT: WHY ARE YOU DOING THIS?

>> BRITTANY KREHBIEL: I RODE WITH MY GRANDPA AND MY DAD A LOT WHEN I WAS LITTLE.

I HAVE MEMORIES OF FALLING ASLEEP IN THAT SAME PASSENGER SEAT, DOING COMBINE MATH.

AND SLOWLY BUT SURELY, I STARTED TO FALL IN LOVE WITH IT.

>> IN FACT, 10 YEARS AGO THIS WEEK HER MOM KAREN SNAPPED THIS PICTURE OF BRITTANY AT AGE 7 SIDE BY SIDE WITH HER DAD, JEFF IN THE FIELD.

>> KAREN KREHBIEL: I’VE ALWAYS TRIED A LITTLE BIT TO PLAY DEVIL’S ADVOCATE.

AND SAY YOU CAN BE ANYTHING YOU WANT TO BE.

YOU CAN GO ANYWHERE YOU WANT TO BE.

THAT DECISION’S ALWAYS YOURS TO MAKE.

JUST BECAUSE YOUR ANCESTORS HAVE FARMED DOES NOT MEAN YOU HAVE TO.

IF YOU WANT TO, WE WILL SUPPORT YOU.

I’VE ALWAYS TRIED TO GIVE HER THAT OPTION THAT IT WAS HER CHOICE.

 >> A DECISION BRITTANY CONFIRMED AS JEFF, HER FATHER, WAS DYING OF CANCER.

>> BRITTANY KREHBIEL: I REMEMBER IN THE LAST MONTH HE WAS ALIVE, HE TURNED TO ME AND LOOKED AT ME AND GRABBED MY HAND AND SAID, ARE YOU GONNA COME BACK.

 AND EVEN THOUGH I KNEW BEFORE THEN THAT I WANTED TO COME BACK, IT REALLY SOLIDIFIED MY CHOICE, THIS IS WHERE I NEED TO BE.

>> ON THE LAND THAT WOULD’VE BEEN HER FATHER’S AND WILL NOW GO TO HER.

THE FIFTH GENERATION OF KREHBIEL TO HARVEST WHEAT ON THESE VERY ACRES.

>> WAYNE KREHBIEL:  TO BE ABLE TO PASS THAT ON TO ANOTHER GENERATION IS VERY SATISFYING.

  >> HARD TO BELIEVE BRITTANY IS ONLY 17 AND WILL BE A SENIOR AT HINTON HIGH SCHOOL THIS FALL.

>> BRITTANY KREHBIEL: THEY’VE PUT THEIR ENTIRE LIVES INTO WORKING TO MAKE THESE FARMS RUN AND TO SEE THAT PAY OFF I THINK IS A GREAT SUCCESS FOR THEM TO KNOW THAT SOMEBODY IS GOING TO CARRY ON WHAT THEY LOVE TO DO.

 >> AND NO DOUBT THAT SOMEONE – BRITTANY  IS MAKING ALL THOSE WHO CAME BEFORE HER PRETTY PROUD.

 

HARVEST OVERVIEW

>>> THE KREHBIELS ARE AVERAGING ANYWHERE FROM 25 TO 50 BUSHELS PER ACRE.

NOT BAD CONSIDERING THE CHALLENGES THIS SPRING IN CADDO COUNTY AND ACROSS THE STATE.

>> DAVID NOWLIN: CADDO COUNTY’S REALLY BEEN PRETTY FORTUNATE.

DESPITE THE YEAR AND ALL THE HARDSHIPS AND THE LATE FREEZES AND HAIL, FOR THE MOST PART, CONSIDERING THE YEAR, IT’S TURNING OUT PRETTY WELL.

>> THE OKLAHOMA WHEAT COMMISSION SAYS HARVEST IS ABOUT 60 PERCENT COMPLETE.

>> MIKE SCHULTE: WE’VE ALSO HAD COOLER TEMPERATURES THIS YEAR.

WE’VE HAD RAINFALL TOWARD THE END AND CLOUD COVER.

AND THAT’S BEEN PERFECT GRAIN FILL WEATHER FOR THEM.

SO IT’S REALLY HELPED US IN THOSE REGIONS.

AS YOU LOOK DOWN IN FAR SOUTHWEST, SOUTH CENTRAL OKLAHOMA, NO DOUBT PRODUCERS HAVE JUST HAD SO MUCH TO CONTEND WITH THIS YEAR DOWN THERE.

FROM MARCH 26 UNTIL MAY 3RD WE HAD SIX FREEZE SITUATIONS IN THE STATE.

AND ON TOP OF THAT WE’VE BEEN PLAGUED BY JUST EXTREME DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN SOUTHWEST, WEST AND PANHANDLE REGIONS.

AND PARTS OF SOUTHWEST OKLAHOMA THE CROP JUST DIDN'T SURVIVE.

 

HARVEST-ELLIS COUNTY

>> SPRING STORMS HAVE BROUGHT MUCH OF THE STATE BACK TO NORMAL OR NEAR NORMAL RAINFALL FOR THE CALENDAR YEAR.

BUT IN THE WESTERN PART OF THE STATE, WE ARE VERY MUCH STILL INTO DROUGHT.

HERE IN ELLIS COUNTY, WE ARE 68" BEHIND FOR THE WATER YEAR.

NOW THAT HAS LEFT WHEAT HARVEST LOOKING VERY DIFFERENT FROM HOW IT LOOKS IN CENTRAL OKLAHOMA.

>> CURTIS TORRANCE: I HOPE TO MAKE 5.

I GOTTA KEEP THIS FOR SEED.

IS ABOUT 80 ACRES HERE.

IF I MAKE 5, I GOT 400 BUSHEL.

THAT'LL FILL THIS TRUCK.

>> CURTIS TORRANCE HAS BEEN AT THIS A LONG TIME.

>> CURTIS TORRANCE: I'M 64 YEARS OLD.

GREW UP ON A FARM.

AND I'VE NOT SEEN A YEAR LIKE THIS ONE.

THE EXTREMES WE'VE HAD.

WE HAD GOOD RAIN THERE IN SEPTEMBER, WHICH LET US GET OUR WHEAT IN.

THEN WE WENT ALL WINTER WITH ALMOST ZERO AMOUNT OF MOISTURE.

  >> FOLLOW THAT WITH THREE FREEZE EVENTS IN THREE WEEKS, AND YOU ARE LEFT WITH WHEAT THAT IS BARELY ANKLE HIGH AND WITH YIELDS FAR BELOW AVERAGE.

>> JUSTIN BARR:  I THINK OUR COUNTY AVERAGES 25 OR 26 BUSHELS PER ACRE.

WE ARE LOOKING AT A LOT OF 10 AND UNDER THIS YEAR.

OUR ANNUAL RAINFALL IS SOMEWHERE BETWEEN 2026 INCHES IN THE COUNTY DEPENDING ON WHAT SPOT YOU A STANDING IN.

LAST YEAR WE HAD ABOUT 9 INCHES TOTAL.

IT IS PRETTY HARD TO GROW ANYTHING ON 9 INCHES OF MOISTURE.

>> THAT LACK OF RAIN IS DRYING UP MORE IN THIS COMMUNITY THAN JUST THE CROPS.

>>> ON A NORMAL YEAR, ABOUT 3 O'CLOCK THERE IS A LINE OF TRUCKS.

YOU HAVE TO WAIT TO GET DUMPED.

NORMAL YEAR IT TAKES 4 PEOPLE TO EVEN COME CLOSE TO KEEPING UP.

THIS YEAR WE ARE GETTING TEN TRUCKS A DAY.

TWO PEOPLE CAN HANDLE THE DEAL.

BETTER THAN HALF OF THE ACRES GETTING CUT ARE GOING RIGHT TO A SEED BIN.

TRYING TO GET ENOUGH WHEAT TO SOW BACK NEXT YEAR SO WE CAN PLAY ONE MORE YEAR .

 >>OVER THE YEARS TODD ATHA HAS SEEN THIS LAND DEMAND A LOT FROM ITS KEEPERS.

HE DOESN'T BELIEVE THIS ROUND OF HARDSHIP IS OVER JUST YET.

>>TODD ATHA:  THE WHEAT FARMER IN THIS COUNTRY ALSO RUNS CATTLE.

WE ARE RUNNING ABOUT A THIRD THE COW HERD WE THAT WE'VE EVER RUN AND GOT TOO MANY COWS.

IT IS STILL TOUGH.

IT IS STILL A DROUGHT.

WE ARE NOT OUT OF IT YET.

FROM CEILING EAST MAY BE OUT OF IT, WE ARE NOT OUT OF IT YET.

>> AUSTIN MOORE: HOW DO THEY KEEP GOING WITH YEARS LIKE THAT?

>> JUSTIN BARR: OH, I GUESS IT IS JUST IN THEIR BLOOD.

YOU LEARN TO TAKE THE BAD WITH THE GOOD.

AND YOU HOPE FOR A GOOD YEAR THE NEXT YEAR.

BECAUSE YOU SURE TRY TO REMEMBER THE GOOD YEARS AND FORGET THE BAD ONES.

>> CURTIS TORRANCE: I'M MORE OF AN OPTIMIST OF WHAT I THINK THE WHEAT CAN DO THAN A LOT OF PEOPLE AROUND ME.

THE WHEAT I HAULED TO THE ELEVATOR THIS MORNING AFTER ALL THIS RAIN, MADE 11 AND WEIGHED 59.

SO I MEAN, I AM REALLY PLEASED WITH THE TEST WEIGHT OVERALL OF WHAT HAS HAPPENED.

>> THAT ATTITUDE GIVES CURTIS TORRANCE AND FARMERS LIKE HIM THE ENDURANCE THEY WILL NEED TO PUT SEED IN THE GROUND THIS FALL DESPITE THE CHALLENGES THEY KNOW WILL COME.

FROM ELLIS COUNTY, I'M AUSTIN MOORE.

 

MARKET MONITOR

>>2013 WILL GO DOWN IN THE BOOKS AS A YEAR OF TWO DIFFERENT WHEAT CROPS

KIM WHAT ARE YOU SEEING ACROSS THE STATE?

 >> IN THE WESTERN PART OF THE STATE, IN THE PANHANDLE, SOUTHWESTERN, SOUTHERN PARTS OF THE STATE YOU HAVE VERY POOR CROPS, A LOT OF ACRES 0 BUSHELS, THEY WERE ABANDONING 5-10 BUSHELS PER ACRE, A LOT OF 15-20 BUSHELS PER ACRE AND THAT’S GOOD IN SOME OF THOSE AREAS.

BUT YOU GET UP IN CENTRAL OKLAHOMA, NORTHERN PARTS OF OKLAHOMA, YOU HAVE 30, 40, 50, SOME 60 ARE HIGHER PER ACRES.

SOME FARMERS ARE GETTING RECORD CROPS OR RECORD YIELDS YOU HAVE TO CHECK ON HIGH THIS YEAR.

THE FINAL NUMBER, IT'S  WE JUST DON'T KNOW YET, AND IT WILL PROBABLY BE ANOTHER MONTH BEFORE WE GET THE FINAL PRODUCTION NUMBERS.

>> THERE'S STILL A LOT OF AMBIGUITY OUT THERE.

THERE’S NUMBERS ALL OVER THE PLACE.

WHAT DO WE KNOW FOR CERTAIN?

>> I THINK FOR CERTAIN WE KNOW THAT FOR THE UNITED STATES, TOTAL WHEAT STOCKS WILL BE BELOW AVERAGE.

WE ARE GOING TO HAVE ADEQUATE AMOUNTS OF WHEAT BUT WE ARE GOING TO HAVE A BELOW AVERAGE, SEMI-TIGHT STOCK.

IF YOU LOOK AT THE WORLD RIGHT NOW THEY ARE PREDICTED TO BE BELOW AVERAGE, THE GENERAL CONSENSUS AS I READ THE DIFFERENT ANALYSTS IS THAT THOSE STOCKS AND PRODUCTION MAY BE A LITTLE HIGHER THAN EARLIER EXPECTED IN OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD.

AND SO OUR STOCKS MAY BE CLOSER TO AVERAGE IN THE WORLD.

SO WE ARE GOING TO HAVE MORE THAN ADEQUATE STOCKS FOR THE WORLD.

ADEQUATE STOCKS FOR THE UNITED STATES.

IF YOU ARE LOOKING AT CORN AND BEANS, VERY TIGHT CORN AND BEAN STOCKS UNTIL WE GET INTO THOSE HARVESTS AND THEN THOSE SUPPLIES, EXCESS FOR CORN AND ABOUT AVERAGE FOR BEANS.

>>AS THE TRUCKS ARE GOING INTO THE CO-OPS THEY ARE SEEING SOME OKAY WHEAT PRICES.

IS THAT WHAT PRODUCERS CAN EXPECT ALL THE WAY SAY TO DECEMBER?

>>PERSONALLY  I THINK WHEAT PRICES WILL PROBABLY DECLINE AS WE GO INTO THE DECEMBER TIME PERIOD.

WHAT I'M BASING THAT ON IS THE CURRENT BASIS.

WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO HAVE THAT LARGE CORN PRODUCTION THAT WE ARE EXPECTING, 13.5-14 BILLION BUSHEL CORN CROP.

IF YOU LOOK AT THE BASIS FOR WHEAT RIGHT NOW, IT IS UNDER THE SEPTEMBER CONTRACT.

IT ‘S MINUS 5 TO MINUS 15 FOR MOST PARTS OF OKLAHOMA, AND IN THE PAN HANDLE IT IS A PLUS 5 CENTS TO 10 CENTS.

THAT’S ABOUT 40 CENTS ABOVE AVERAGE.

IF YOU LOOK AT CORN BASIS , RIGHT NOW YOU ARE LOOKING AT 20 OVER DECEMBER, IN OKLAHOMA 65 CENTS OVER DECEMBER.

IF YOU LOOK AT HARVEST THOUGH, IT’S 70 CENTS LESS IN OKLAHOMA, AND 50 CENTS LESS IN THE PAN-HANDLE.

SO I THINK THAT FROM NOW AND DECEMBER THE WHEAT BASIS WILL GO FROM THAT MINUS 15, BACK DOWN TO THE NORMAL MINUS 40 AND WE ARE GOING TO HAVE LOWER WHEAT PRICES, STEADY TO LOWER.

>> SO KIM EVERYBODY ACROSS THE STATE WANTS TO KNOW WHAT YOU’RE SEEING IN YOUR PATENTED KIM ANDERSON CHRYSTAL BALL FOR PRICES.

DO THEY SELL OR DO THEY STORE IT.

>> IF THEY NEED THE MONEY, GO AHEAD AND SELL IT, I'D SAY 50 PERCENT AND STORE THE OTHER 50 AND SELL IT IN 25/25.

SO SELL IT IN 50/25/25

BECAUSE IF WE LOSE THIS CORN CROP WE ARE GOING TO SEE $8.50 WHEAT. 

IF WE DON’T LOSE THIS CORN CROP AND IT’S BIG, WE ARE GOING TO SEE THAT $6.50-7 WHEAT.

>> THERE YOU GO.

 KIM ANDERSON GRAIN MARKETING SPECIALIST HERE AT OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY.

 

MESONET WEATHER

I'M AL SUTHERLAND WITH YOUR MESONET WEATHER REPORT.

THIS LAST WEEK HAS BEEN A HOT ONE IN OKLAHOMA.

A MAP OF MAXIMUM AIR TEMPERATURES FROM WEDNESDAY SHOWS 100PLUS TEMPERATURES WEST OF LAWTON TO HINTON TO ENID.

CAN WE SAY IT WAS COOLER IN THE EASTERN PART OF THE STATE?

IF WE ONLY COMPARED TEMPERATURES WE WOULD.

BUT IF WE CONSIDER HUMIDITY AND WIND, WE GET A MUCH DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE.

A MAP OF MAXIMUM APPARENT TEMPERATURES FROM WEDNESDAY SHOWS A WIDE BAND OF EXTREME HEAT FROM ALTUS TO FAIRVIEW TO TULSA AND STRETCHING OUT ACROSS THE EASTERN SIDE OF THE STATE.

A GRAPH FROM NOWATA SHOWS THE LARGE SPREAD BETWEEN AIR TEMPERATURES AND MUCH HIGHER APPARENT TEMPERATURES LATER WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON.

THE AIR TEMPERATURE PEEKED AT 94 DEGREES BUT HIGHER HUMIDITY AND MILDER WIND SPEEDS MADE IT FEEL LIKE 107 DEGREES.

THAT'S 13 DEGREES HOTTER.

THIS APPARENT TEMPERATURE IS WHAT HEAT STRESS HEALTH RISK IS BASED ON.

WHEN THE APPARENT TEMPERATURE GOES OVER 105 IT CAN BE DANGEROUS, ESPECIALLY FOR CHILDREN, PREGNANT WOMEN AND OLDER FOLKS.

HOW MUCH DOES HUMIDITY AND WIND IMPACT APPARENT TEMPERATURE?

 A GRAPH FOR GOODWELL FOR TUESDAY SHOWS THE AIR TEMPERATURE REACHED 104 DEGREES, YET WITH LOWER HUMIDITY AND HIGHER WIND SPEEDS IT ONLY FELT LIKE 97 DEGREES.

7 DEGREES COOLER THAN THE AIR TEMPERATURE.

>> GARY, WHAT'S OUR LATEST DROUGHT STATUS.

>> GOOD MORNING EVERYBODY AND WELCOME TO SUNUP.

WE’RE GOING TO START AS USUAL, WITH THE LATEST U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP.

AS YOU CAN SEE, VERY LITTLE CHANGES FROM LAST WEEK, EXCEPT FOR THE SPREAD OF EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT FURTHER NORTH INTO ROGER MILLS COUNTY.

SOME REPORTS PUT SOIL CONDITIONS OUT THAT WAY AS PROBABLY THE WORST THEY HAVE SEEN IN OVER 40 YEARS.

LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT THE JULY THROUGH SEPTEMBER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OUTLOOKS FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICES CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER.

FOR THE TEMPERATURE, YOU CAN SEE WE HAVE INCREASED ODDS OF ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES ACROSS ALL OKLAHOMA, ESPECIALLY ACROSS WESTERN OKLAHOMA.

 AND FOR THE PRECIPITATION SIDE, WE CAN SEE INCREASED ODDS OF BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION ABOUT THE WESTERN HALF OF THE OKLAHOMA, THE REST OF THE STATE REALLY DIDN'T GET A FORECAST, THEY GOT THE DREADED E.C. WHICH MEANS EQUAL CHANCES.

SO NO FORECAST ATTEMPTED THERE.

THAT WOULD BE BAD NEWS BOTH THE TEMPERATURE AND THE PRECIPITATION OUTLOOKS FOR WESTERN OKLAHOMA IF BOTH OF THOSE DO COME TRUE.

NOW WE USE THAT DATA WHICH IS INPUT INTO THE U.S. SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK.

AGAIN THIS IS VALID FOR JUNE THROUGH SEPTEMBER 30.

AS YOU CAN SEE, FOR ABOUT THE WESTERN HALF OR WESTERN THIRD OF OKLAHOMA, WE SEE DROUGHT EXPECTED TO PERSIST OR INTENSIFY.

WE DO SEE SOME DROUGHT RELIEF, BUT REMAINING ACROSS PARTS OF EASTERN OKLAHOMA AND THEN SOME DOWNRIGHT IMPROVEMENTS ACROSS THE REST OF THE AREA.

THE AREAS IN WHITE ARE NOT IN DROUGHT CURRENTLY AND IT’S NOT EXPECTED TO DEVELOP THERE EITHER.

THAT'S GOOD NEWS.

WE ARE NOW IN THE LONG HOT DAYS OF SUMMER AND UNFORTUNATELY, PARTS OF WESTERN OKLAHOMA STILL NEED RAIN.

IT’S GOING TO BE A PRETTY BIG TASK BUT MAYBE WE CAN GET THAT DONE.

THAT’S IT FOR THIS TIME, WE'LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME ON THE WEATHER REPORT.

 

BLOAT GENETICS

>>FROM TIME TO TIME WE GET QUESTIONS FROM VIEWERS AND WE TURN TO OUR EXPERTS FOR THAT.

RECENTLY WE HAD A QUESTION ON THE TIE BETWEEN GENETICS AND BLOAT IN CATTLE.

SO FOR THAT WE TURNED TO OUR FAVORITE GENETISIST MEGAN ROLF WHO IS A BEEF CATTLE MANAGEMENT SPECIALIST HERE AT OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY.

MEGAN, WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT BLOAT IN RELATION TO THE GENETICS OF ANIMALS?

>> WELL THE GENETICS OF BLOAT IN BEEF CATTLE HASN’T BEEN STUDIED EXTENSIVELY.

THERE WERE SOME STUDIES IN NEW ZEALAND DAIRY COWS FROM ABOUT THE 1970S.

THEY SHOWED THAT BLOAT WAS A HERITABLE TRAIT.

SO IT IS UNDER A SMALL AMOUNT OF GENETIC CONTROL.

 IF WE LOOK AT RECORDS FROM A SINGLE YEAR, THE HERITABILITY IS QUITE LOW, IT IS ABOUT .16, IN THAT RANGE SO IT WOULD BE A LOWLY HERITABLE TRAIT.

IF YOU LOOK AT RECORDS OF BLOAT OVER MULTIPLE YEARS, IT IS ACTUALLY A MODERATE TO HIGHLY HERITABLE TRAIT.

IT’S ABOUT A LITTLE OVER .4

IT IS DEFINATELY UNDER SOME GENETIC CONTROL.

UNFORTUNATELY, THERE ARE NOT A LOT OF GENETIC TOOLS AVAILABLE FOR PRODUCERS TO SELECT FOR TRAITS RELATED TO GENETIC CONTROL OF BLOAT.

>> EXPLAIN THAT HERITABILITY, WHAT IS THAT REALLY?

 AS WE TALK ABOUT THAT OVER THOSE MULTIPLE YEARS, WHAT IS THAT TELLING US?

>> A HERITABILITY VALUE REFLECTS THE AMOUNT OF A TRAIT THAT'S CONTROLLED BY GENETICS AS OPPOSED TO THE ENVIRONMENT.

FOR A LOWLY HERITABLE TRAIT WHICH WOULD BE THINGS LIKE FERTILITY TRAITS, THEY WOULD PROBABLY BE BELOW ABOUT .2, ABOUT .1 TO .2, MAYBE EVEN .25.

THOSE WOULD BE CONSIDERED LOWLY HERITABLE TRAITS.

THEY ARE UNDER MUCH LARGER CONTROL FROM THE ENVIRONMENT.

THOSE FOR THOSE KINDS OF TRAITS WE CAN PRACTICE GENETIC SELECTION.

BUT WE CAN ACTUALLY MAKE LARGER IMPROVEMENTS MUCH FASTER IF WE DO THINGS LIKE CONTROLLING THE ENVIRONMENT OR FOCUSING ON THINGS LIKE CROSS BREEDING PROGRAMS.

NOW FOR TRAITS THAT ARE HIGHLY HERITABLE, THEY WOULD BE ABOUT .5 AND UP.

THOSE TRAITS WE CAN MAKE MORE GENETIC PROGRESS BY JUST FOCUSING ON INTENSE GENETIC SELECTION.

>> YOU WATCH THE NEWS AND THE SHOWS ON TV AT NIGHT, AND YOU GET THE IDEA THAT WE REALLY JUST UNDERSTAND EVERYTHING THERE IS TO KNOW ABOUT THE GENETICS OUT THERE.

DNA WILL TELL YOU EVERYTHING.

WHERE ARE WE REALLY AT, IN TERMS OF BEEF CATTLE, WHAT WE THINK WE KNOW VERSUS WHERE WE THINK WE CAN GET TO?

>> WE HAVE MADE A LOT OF PROGRESS RECENTLY, AND GENETIC EVALUATION SYSTEMS IN PURE BREED BEEF CATTLE AT LEAST HAVE BEEN AROUND SINCE THE 1970S, IN TERMS OF EPD GENERATION.

SO EPD’S ARE A MAIN GENETIC SELECTION TOOL AND THEY ARE VERY, VERY EFFECTIVE.

 THEY ARE A GREAT WAY TO PRACTICE SELECTION FOR TRAITS THAT ARE INCLUDED IN THOSE NATIONAL CATTLE EVALUATIONS.

RECENTLY WE HAVE GOTTEN SOME NEW GENOMICS TOOLS IN THE FORM OF DNA TESTING THAT HAVE DONE A COUPLE OF THINGS.

FIRST THEY HAVE ALLOWED US TO TACKLE SOME OF THE TRAITS THAT AREN’T INCLUDED IN GENETIC EVALUATIONS.

SO LIKE BOVINE RESPIRATORY DISEASE RESISTANCE.

WE CAN EVEN TACKLE BLOAT THAT WAY IF WE HAD THE DATA TO DO SO.

THE OTHER THING THAT IT’S BEEN ABLE TO DO HAS BEEN A LOT OF BREED ASSOCIATIONS ARE NOW INCORPORATING THAT INFORMATION INTO THEIR GENETIC EVALUATIONS.

IT GETS INCORPORATED INTO THAT EPD, AND WHAT YOU SEE IS THAT THE EPD WILL MOVE UP OR DOWN DEPENDING ON WHAT THAT GENETIC TEST SAYS ABOUT THE PERFORMANCE OF THE ANIMAL.

AND THEN THE ACCURACY WILL GO UP.

SO WE GET A MORE ACCURATE EPD FROM INCLUDING THAT GENOMIC TESTING INFORMATION.

>> DOES IT HELP  SCIENTIST LIKE YOURSELF IF PRODUCERS ARE KEEPING BETTER RECORDS ON THE FARM?

THAT AS YOU DO GENETIC TESTING YOU CAN KIND OF TIE THOSE TO THE PHYSICAL RECORDS THEY HAVE KEPT.

>> ABSOLUTELY.

IF THEY ARE A LOT OF GOOD RECORDS ON A FARM, WE MAY BE ABLE TO WORK IN THE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM TO DO SOME RESEARCH ON THOSE HEARDS.

THE OTHER THING THAT KEEPING GOOD RECORDS DOES IS IT REALLY HELPS THE BREED ASSOCIATIONS TO PUT TOGETHER A GOOD SET OF EPD’S AND HAVE A VERY POWERFUL DATABASE BEHIND THEIR NATIONAL CATTLE EVALUATIONS.

>> GOOD INFORMATION AS ALWAYS FROM MEGAN ROLF.

AND IF YOU HAVE A QUESTION YOU'D LIKE TO PUT TO ONE OF OUR EXERTS, CONTACT US THROUGH OUR FACEBOOK PAGE OR ON SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU.

 

COW-CALF CORNER

>>LAST WEEK ON COW-CALF CORNER WE TALKED ABOUT THE OKLAHOMA GOLD AND THE OKLAHOMA SUPERGOLD PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT PROGRAM FOR STOCKER CATTLE AND IN PARTICULAR FOR REPLACEMENT HEIFERS HERE IN THE LAST HALF OF SUMMER AND GOING INTO THE FALL PERIOD.

AND WE EMPHASIZED THAT THE HIGH PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT IN A SMALL PACKAGE COULD REALLY HELP THE HEIFERS UTILIZE THE LATE SUMMER FORAGE MUCH MORE EFFICIENTLY.

PART OF THE OKLAHOMA GOLD PROGRAM IS TO INCLUDE AN IONOPHORE IN THE FEED THAT IS GIVEN TO THESE YOUNG CATTLE.

IONOPHORE IS THE FEED INGREDIENT EITHER SOLD AS THE INGREDIENT MONENSIN TRADE NAME IS RUMENSIN OR LACALOCID TRADE NAME IS BOVITECH.

AND THESE TWO INGREDIENTS ARE REALLY, REALLY IMPORTANT FOR THE OKLAHOMA GOLD PROGRAM, WHETHER IT BE FOR STEERS BUT ESPECIALLY FOR THOSE REPLACEMENT HEIFERS.

INCLUDING AN IONOPHORE IN ANY PROGRAM FOR REPLACEMENT HEIFERS HAS THREE REAL IMPORTANT ADVANTAGES.

NUMBER ONE IS IT WILL IMPROVE FEED EFFICIENCY JUST A LITTLE BIT.

SO THE HEIFER GETS JUST A LITTLE MORE VALUE OUT OF EACH BITE OF GRASS THAT SHE TAKES IN.

ALSO, THOSE IONOPHORES HAVE BEEN SHOW WITH RESEARCH THAT THEY WILL INCREASE PUBERTY OR THE PERCENTAGE OF HEIFERS CYCLING AT THE START OF THE BREEDING SEASON.

AND I THINK THAT'S VERY, VERY IMPORTANT.

BECAUSE WE'D LIKE TO HAVE AS MANY OF THOSE HEIFERS CYCLING BEFORE AND AT THE START OF THE BREEDING SEASON SO THAT WE HAVE THE BEST CHANCE TO GET A REALLY HIGH PERCENTAGE OF THEM BRED EARLY IN THE BREEDING SEASON.

AND THE THIRD REASON, IONOPHORES ARE GOOD AT PREVENTING THE DISEASES COCCIDIOSIS.

THAT IS A DISEASE THAT IS ESPECIALLY DEBILITATING FOR YOUNG CATTLE.

IT IS ONE THAT CERTAINLY WE'D LIKE TO AT ALL COSTS KEEP OUT OF THESE YOUNG GROWING HEIFERS SO THAT THEY HAVE THE BEST CHANCE TO REACH OUR TARGET WEIGHTS AT THE BREEDING SEASON TIME AND GIVE US THEN THAT 

GREAT OPPORTUNITY TO HAVE THOSE HEIFERS CYCLING AND BRED EARLY IN THE BREEDING SEASON.

AS YOU ARE PUTTING TOGETHER THAT OKLAHOMA GOLD PROGRAM OR ANY OTHER KIND OF SUPPLEMENTATION PROGRAM FOR REPLACEMENT HEIFERS, I WOULD INCLUDE ONE OF THE IONOPHORES.

CERTAINLY IF WE'RE GOING TO TRY TO MARKET THOSE CATTLE AS ALL NATURAL CATTLE LATER ON, THAT CAN’T BE SOMETHING THAT WE INCLUDE.

BUT FOR MOST BREEDING CATTLE, THE IONOPHORES FOR THOSE REPLACEMENT HEIFERS IS REALLY A COST EFFICIENT FEED INGREDIENT TO INCLUDE IN YOUR HEIFER GROWING PROGRAM.

WE ARE LOOKING FORWARD TO VISITING WITH YOU AGAIN NEXT WEEK ON SUNUP’S COW-CALF CORNER.

 

NRCS SURVEY

>>> NATIVE RANGE IS ALWAYS EVOLVING.

BUT UNDERSTANDING THAT EVOLUTION TAKES A GREAT DEAL OF TIME AND ATTENTION TO DETAIL.

SUNUP'S AUSTIN MOORE TAGGED ALONG WITH THE NRCS TO SEE HOW THEY ARE TRACKING THIS PRECIOUS RESOURCE.

>> KEVIN SPEARS: JUST LITTLE PILL SIZED SOIL SAMPLES THAT WE ARE GOING TO DIP IN DISTILLED WATER.

IT'LL TELL US A READING ON THE SOIL STABILITY.

>> THIS IS JUST ONE OF THE TESTS PERFORMED AS PART OF THE ONGOING GRAZING LANDS NATURAL RESOURCES INVENTORY.

KEVIN SPEARS AND HIS COUNTERPARTS WITHIN THE NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, WILL GATHER SIMILAR DATA ACROSS THE NATION.

>> HARRY FRITZLER: THE NUMBER OF SAMPLES WE HAVE FOR OKLAHOMA THIS YEAR IS ONE HUNDRED QUARTER SECTIONS WITH TWOPOINTS IN EACH QUARTER.

NATIONALLY THERE IS PROBABLY IN THE VICINITY OF TWENTYFIVE HUNDRED TO THREE THOUSAND POINTS THAT WILL BE LOOKED AT.

>> THE QUARTERS SURVEYED HAVE BEEN RANDOMLY SELECTED, AND SPECIFIC SURVEY POINTS WITHIN EACH QUARTER ARE ALSO CHOSEN AT RANDOM.

THEN, WORKING WITH LANDOWNERS, THE TEAM SETS TRANSECT LINES RUNNING SEVENTYFIVE FEET NORTH, SOUTH, EAST AND WEST THEN CONDUCT A NUMBER OF STUDIES WITHIN THIS AREA.

>>HARRY FRITZLER: WE LOOK AT INNERCANOPY AND INNER BASIL GAPS BETWEEN PLANTS.

WE LOOK AT INVASIVE SPECIES BOTH NONNATIVE AND NATIVE.

THEN WE DO AN OVERALL PLANT CENSUS ON THE AREA.

WE LOOK AT RANGELAND HEALTH.

SOIL STABILITY.

A LOT OF INFORMATION.

A LOT OF DETAIL.

>> THESE SITES ARE REVISITED OVER A SPAN OF YEARS, GIVING SCIENTISTS AN IDEA OF HOW THE LAND IS CHANGING.

>> TERRY BIDWELL: YOU CAN ACTUALLY LOOK AT THE OVERALL TRENDS ACROSS THE COUNTRY.

THIS IS A BIG PICTURE EVALUATION TO SEE HOW RANGELAND IS TRENDING.

IS IT GETTING BETTER OR IS IT GETTING WORSE OVER TIME.

>> THE DATA COLLECTED BECOMES PART OF A MASSIVE USDA DATABASE WHERE INDIVIDUAL PROPERTIES ARE NOT CONSIDERED, BUT RANGELAND AS A WHOLE COMES INTO FOCUS.

>> TERRY BIDWELL: THE NATIONAL RANGELAND INVENTORY FROM A POLICY STANDPOINT IS TO GIVE THE BIG AGENCIES AN IDEA OF WHAT IS GOING ON AND THAT COULD EVEN TARGET COSTSHARE MONEY IN THE FUTURE HOW DOES POLICY IMPACT THAT LAND EITHER GOOD OR BAD.

YOU CAN EVALUATE LAND ACCORDING TO WHAT POLICIES HAVE BEEN IN THE PAST, DID THAT HAVE A POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE IMPACT.

>> HARRY FRITZLER: IF WE CAN GET OUT ON THE LAND AND GET THE ACTUAL DATA COLLECTED FROM THE PROPERTY THEN THAT ALLOWS US GET REAL DATA.

AND WE DON'T HAVE TO JUST LOOK FROM THE ROAD AND TRY TO GUESS WHAT IS OUT THERE.

>> IF YOU'D LIKE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE NRCS NATIONAL RANGELAND STUDY, VISIT OUR WEBSITE, SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU AND CLICK ON LINKS.

 

FOOD WHYS

HAVE YOU EVER PURCHASED A BRIGHT RED PACKAGE OF GROUND BEEF ONLY TO GO HOME AND BREAK IT OPEN AND FIND OUT THAT THE INTERNAL SURFACE AND COLOR AND APPEARANCE IS DARK BROWN AND YOU THINK TO YOURSELF THAT YOU 

HAVE BEEN DUPED BY A RETAILER WHO HAS WRAPPED FRESH GROUND BEEF AROUND OLD EXPIRED GROUND BEEF?

WELL THAT’S NOT NECESSARILY THE CASE, THAT'S AN OLD WIVES TAIL THAT I HAVE HEARD FOR MANY YEARS AND GENERALLY SPEAKING ACROSS THAT BOARD I CAN TELL YOU THAT THAT IS NOT TRUE.

FRESH BEEF COLOR IS A FUNCTION OF EXPOSURE OR  LACK OF EXPOSURE TO OXYGEN.

WHEN FRESH BEEF IS IN THE PRESENSE OF OXYGEN THAT'S WHEN WE REALIZE AND RECOGNIZE THAT BRIGHT, CHERRY RED COLOR.

IF BEEF HAS BEEN REMOVED FROM THE PRESENSE OF OXYGEN SUCH AS MAY BE THE CASE WITH A VACUUM PACKAGE, THAT COLOR WILL THEN REVERT BACK TO WHAT WE CALL A PURPLE OR A DEOXYMYOGLOBIN IF YOU WILL, IT'S A DARK PURPLE COLOR.

I HAVE WITH ME HERE A PACKAGE OF GROUND BEEF.

THESE RETAIL PACKAGES, THIS FILM ON TOP IS ACTUALLY PERMEABLE TO OXYGEN, WHICH MEANS OXYGEN CAN PASS THROUGH THE SURFACE OF THE FILM AND THAT'S HOW WE'RE ABLE TO REALIZE THIS BRIGHT RED COLOR.

SO VERY QUICKLY, THIS ONE IS NOT QUITE AS EVIDENT AS OTHERS, BUT YOU CAN SEE SOME BROWN MOTTLING DOWN INSIDE OF THERE.

THAT IS NOT AN INDICATION OF UNFRESH BEEF IN THE PACKAGE, IT IS SIMPLY OF INDICATION OF MANY FACTORS, IT COULD BE A FUNCTION OF HOW THE BEEF WAS GROUND, IT COULD BE A FACTOR OF WHAT SIZE OF PIECES WERE PUT 

INTO THE MEAT GRINDER, IF THEY WERE WHOLE LARGE PIECES WHERE THE INTERNAL PORTIONS WERE NOT EXPOSED TO OXYGEN, AND THEN ENDED UP HERE INTERNALLY IMMEDIETLY, THAT MEAT HAS NEVER HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO BE 

EXPOSED TO THAT OXYGEN AND BLOOM INTO THAT BRIGHT RED CHERRY COLOR.

AFTER I'VE CUT THIS PACKAGE, IF WE WERE TO LEAVE THIS EXPOSED TO THE AIR OR TO THE ATMOSPHERE, THE OXYGEN IN THE AIR WOULD THEN BIND WITH THE MYOGLOBIN IN THIS GROUND BEEF, AND AFTER ABOUT 10-15 MINUTES THIS 

ENTIRE CUT SURFACE WOULD BE THE SAME COLOR AS WHAT HAS ALREADY BEEN EXPOSED TO THE OXYGEN AND YOU WOULD HAVE A BRIGHT CHERRY RED COLOR.

>> THAT DOES IT FOR US THIS WEEK.

>> REMEMBER YOU CAN SEE US ONLINE AT SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU – YOU CAN ALSO FOLLOW US ON YOUTUBE, FACEBOOK AND TWITTER.

BEST WISHES TO ALL OF THE FARMERS WRAPPING UP HARVEST.

FROM CADDO COUNTY, I’M LYNDALL STOUT.

WE’LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME – AT SUNUP!

 

 

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