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SUNUP TV 
141 Agriculture North
Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for June 22, 2013

Transcript for June 22, 2013

 THIS WEEK'S SEGMENTS

  • FARM BILL UPDATE
  • HARVEST UPDATE
  • MESONET WEATHER
  • TORNADO DEBRIS
  • MARKET MONITOR
  • LIVESTOCK MARKETING
  • COW-CALF CORNER
  • BEEF IMPROVEMENT FEDERATION
  • SHOP STOP
 
FARM BILL UPDATE

>> HELLO EVERYONE AND WELCOME TO SUNUP.

I’M LYNDALL STOUT.

OKLAHOMA'S WHEAT HARVEST IS WELL UNDER WAY.

WE'LL HAVE MORE ON THAT SHORTLY.

BUT FIRST, THE FARM BILL WHICH FAILED THE HOUSE THIS WEEK.

OUR AG POLICY SPECIALIST JODY CAMPICHE IS HERE NOW.

JODY, THIS NEWS WAS REALLY UNEXPECTED.

>> YES IT WAS VERY UNEXPECTED.

ALL OF THE MAJOR FARM GROUPS WERE DEFINITELY SHOCKED BY IT.

WE WERE DEFINITELY EXPECTING THAT IT WOULD PASS THE HOUSE.

>>LET’S LOOK AT SOME OF THE REASONS KIND OF WHY IT GOT HUNG UP.

IT HAD MORE TO DO WITH THE NUTRITION PROGRAM RATHER THAN THE FARM PROGRAMS.

>> YEA PROBABLY THE MAJOR ISSUE WITH THE FARM BILL DEBATE RIGHT NOW IS CUTS TO THE NUTRITION PROGRAMS AND CONGRESS JUST COULDN'T AGREE ON THOSE CUTS.

SO IT MADE THE WHOLE FARM BILL DIDN'T END UP PASSING BECAUSE OF THE NUTRITION PROGRAMS.

>> WE TALKED WITH YOU A LOT ABOUT THE FARM BILL AS IT'S PROGRESSED AND IT'S VARIOUS FORMS AND WHAT SOME OF THE POSSIBILITIES WERE.

WHAT KIND OF HAPPENS NOW?

WHAT ARE THE POSSIBILITIES NOW THAT IT FAILED?

>> WELL, THERE ARE SEVERAL OPTIONS THAT COULD TAKE PLACE.

WE'LL KNOW MORE IN THE COMING WEEKS, BUT SOME POSSIBILITIES ARE, CONGRESS COULD TAKE UP THE HOUSE, TAKE UP THE BILL AGAIN POSSIBLY IN THE COMING WEEKS.

THE SENATE ACTUALLY WANTS THEM TO TAKE UP THEIR BILL AND WANTS THE HOUSE TO GO AHEAD AND VOTE ON THE BILL THAT THEY PASSED.

IT MAY END UP THAT THE HOUSE DOESN'T TAKE THIS BILL UP AGAIN IN THIS CONGRESS.

SO THERE'S A LOT OF THINGS THAT COULD HAPPEN.

THERE'S A LOT OF FARMERS WHO ARE DEPENDING ON THIS FARM BILL TO BE PASSED.

SO IT WILL BE INTERESTING WHAT HAPPENS IN THE COMING WEEKS.

>> OKAY.

OF COURSE, YOU'LL BE TRACKING THAT AND COME BACK ON AS WARRANTED.

>> YES.

>> JODY CAMPICHE, OUR AG POLICY SPECIALIST.

THANK YOU.

MESONET WEATHER

>> GOOD MORNING, EVERYBODY.

WELCOME TO THE MESONET WEATHER REPORT ON SUNUP.

I'M YOUR HOST, GARY McMANUS.

NATURALLY WE'RE GOING TO START BY TALKING ABOUT DROUGHT OR THE LACK OF DROUGHT.

SO LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT THE LATEST U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR MAP WHICH INCLUDES RAINFALL THROUGH TUESDAY MORNING.

WE'VE HAD STEADY REDUCTIONS THAT CONTINUE FROM EAST TO WEST ACROSS OKLAHOMA.

NOW, AS YOU CAN TELL FROM THE MAP, WE STILL NEED LOTS OF RAIN ACROSS PARTS OF WESTERN OKLAHOMA AND I'LL SHOW YOU WHY IN A MINUTE.

BUT AT LEAST THE AREAS OF EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT ARE CONTINUING TO DECREASE.

NOW, I CONSIDER THE LATEST EPISODE OF DROUGHT RELIEF TO HAVE BEGUN BASICALLY RIGHT AROUND FEBRUARY 1.

SO LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT THE DROUGHT MONITOR MAP FROM THE END OF JANUARY.

AS YOU CAN SEE FROM THIS MAP, THINGS LOOKED A LOT WORSE BACK THEN, WITH 92% OF THE STATE COVERED BY EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT AS OPPOSED TO THE 26% OF THE STATE COVERED BY THOSE TWO CATEGORIES IN THE LATEST DROUGHT MONITOR MAP.

SO LOTS OF RELIEF HAS GONE ON OVER THE LAST FEW MONTHS.

LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT THE MESONET RAINFALL MAPS FOR SEVERAL PERIODS AND WE CAN SHOW YOU WHY THERE'S NO DROUGHT IN THE EAST BUT STILL SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT IN THE WEST.

YOU CAN SEE FROM THE 30-DAY RAINFALL MAP ENDING ON WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, LOTS OF HEFTY RAINFALL AMOUNTS HAVE LED TO THOSE GREAT DROUGHT IMPROVEMENTS.

PARTS OF THE PANHANDLE HAD ALMOST FIVE INCHES.

PARTS OF SOUTHWESTERN AND NORTH CENTRAL OKLAHOMA STILL LAGGING BEHIND IN THE LAST 30 DAYS.

THOSE ARE THE AREAS THAT NOW NEED RAIN, INCLUDING THE PANHANDLE.

LET’S TAKE A LOOK BACK AT THE RAINFALL SINCE THAT FEBRUARY 1 STARTING PERIOD.

YOU CAN DEFINITELY SEE WHY SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT REMAINS ACROSS WESTERN OKLAHOMA AND WHY IT'S BEEN ELIMINATED ACROSS THE EASTERN 2/3 OF THE STATE FOR THE MOST PART.

WE HAVE FROM NEAR 30 INCHES IN THE SOUTHEAST TO AS LITTLE AS THREE INCHES IN THE PANHANDLE.

OR FROM 40% OF NORMAL IN THE PANHANDLE TO MORE THAN 200% OF NORMAL ACROSS EASTERN OKLAHOMA SINCE FEBRUARY 1.

LET'S GO BACK EVEN FURTHER.

LET'S GO BACK TO BEGINNING OF THE WATER YEAR, OCTOBER 1, 2012 AND A VERY SIMILAR PATTERN EMERGES FROM THE LAST PERIOD FROM FEBRUARY 1.

WE HAD FROM 40 INCHES THAT'S FALLEN ACROSS SOUTHEASTERN OKLAHOMA TO AS LITTLE AS FIVE INCHES IN THE PANHANDLE.

THAT'S SIGNIFICANT DROUGHT ACROSS THE PANHANDLE AND WESTERN OKLAHOMA.

AGAIN, ABOUT 40% OF NORMAL ACROSS THE WEST TO MORE THAN 160% OF NORMAL IN CENTRAL OKLAHOMA SINCE FEBRUARY 1.

NOW THE STAKES HAVE CHANGED.

WE'RE STARTING TO ENTER THE LONG SUMMER MONTHS OF OKLAHOMA.

WE NEED LOTS OF RAINFALL TO KEEP UP WITH EVAPORATION, ESPECIALLY ACROSS WESTERN OKLAHOMA.

SO LET’S HOPE AN UNUSUALLY WET SUMMER DOES OCCUR ESPECIALLY ACROSS THE WESTERN THIRD OF THE STATE.

THAT'S IT FOR THIS TIME.

SEE YOU NEXT TIME ON THE MESONET WEATHER REPORT.

HARVEST UPDATE

>> OKLAHOMA'S WHEAT HARVEST IS WELL UNDER WAY.

THIS YEAR, LIKE MOST, IT'S NOT WITHOUT A SHARE OF UPS AND DOWNS.

JOINING US NOW IS JEFF EDWARDS, OUR SMALL GRAINS EXTENSION SPECIALIST.

AND JEFF JUST GIVE US AN OVERVIEW.

>> WELL, WE'RE PRETTY GOOD WAYS INTO HARVEST BEFORE WE GOT RAINED OUT RECENTLY.

SOUTHWESTERN OKLAHOMA WHERE WE WERE HARDEST HIT BY THE DROUGHT,THAT'S PRETTY MUCH OUT OF THE FIELD NOW.

CENTRAL OKLAHOMA, THEY PROBABLY HAD AROUND A QUARTER TO A THIRD OF THEIR WHEAT OUT PRIOR TO THE RAIN.

AND NORTHERN OKLAHOMA WAS REALLY JUST GETTING STARTED INTO HARVEST WHENEVER WE WERE RAINED OUT OF THE FIELD.

NOW THAT THINGS ARE DRIED UP A LITTLE BIT.

WE'RE GOING TO BE BACK IN THE FIELDS AND I LOOK FOR HARVEST TO PROGRESS VERY RAPIDLY NOW WE'RE BACK IN THE FIELD.

>> LET’S TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT HOW THINGS WERE SHAPING UP BEFORE THE RAIN SLOWED EVERYBODY DOWN.

>> WELL ACTUALLY YIELDS WERE TURNING OUT PRETTY GOOD.

BETTER THAN EXPECTED.

SOUTHWESTERN OKLAHOMA ANYWHERE FROM 10 TO 30 BUSHELS PER ACRE.

KEEP IN MIND MANY ACRES IN THAT PART OF THE STATE WERE ABANDONED.

THOSE WERE THE BEST ACRES THAT WERE KEPT.

ONE PARTICULAR SITE AT APACHE, WE HAD FREEZE INJURY THERE UP TO 80% AND STILL HAD YIELDS AROUND 40 BUSHELS AN ACRE.

IT’S TRULY AMAZING HOW THAT COULD HAPPEN.

AS WE MOVE TO CENTRAL OKLAHOMA, YIELDS ARE A LITTLE BETTER.

WE HAD A LITTLE MORE RAINFALL.

YIELDS ARE MORE IN THE 40s AND SOMETIMES UP TO 50 BUSHELS PER ACRE RANGE.

NORTHERN OKLAHOMA, I’M HEARING SOME REPORTS OF 60 BUSHEL YIELDS.

SO BETTER THAN EXPECTED.

>> LET'S TALK MORE ABOUT THE RAIN AND SPECIFICALLY WITH THE MATURE WHEAT LIKE WE SEE HERE, HOW DO THOSE HEAVY RAINS IMPACT THAT WHEAT.

>> ONE ISSUE WE CAN HAVE IS LODGING.

THE WHEAT WAS STANDING UPRIGHT.

THE RAIN ESPECIALLY IF YOU GET A HARD RAIN THAT WAS POUNDING, IT’LL FLATTEN THE WHEAT, PUT IT FLAT ON THE GROUND WHICH MAKES IT HARDER TO DRY OUT, HARDER TO GET BACK IN THE FIELD, AND HARDER TO PICK UP WITH THE COMBINE TO HARVEST.

THE OTHER ISSUE THAT YOU HAVE WHENEVER YOU HAVE RAIN FALL AFTER THE WHEAT IS MATURE IS IT DECREASES THE TEST WEIGHT.

THE WHEAT KERNELS SWELL.

JUST LIKE TRYING TO GET SOMETHING BACK INTO THE PACKAGE, IT NEVER SHRINKS BACK DOWN AS SMALL AS IT WAS BEFORE.

TEST WEIGHT IS A DENSITY MEASUREMENT.

A SAME AMOUNT OF MATERIAL BUT IN A SLIGHTLY LARGER PACKAGE.

SO TEST WEIGHT DECREASES WHENEVER WE HAVE RAIN.

>> AS PART OF YOUR WORK OF COURSE YOU FOCUS A LOT ON YIELDS.

ARE THERE SOME VARIETIES THAT ARE DOING BETTER THIS SPRING THAN OTHERS?

>> WELL WE HARVESTED OUR VARIETY PLOTS IN SOUTHWESTERN OKLAHOMA AND A FEW IN CENTRAL OKLAHOMA.

THE LATER MATURING VARIETIES ARE DOING A LITTLE BIT BETTER BECAUSE WE DID HAVE FREEZE INJURY.

BUT THERE HASN'T BEEN ONE THAT’S JUST DOMINATED EVERYTHING.

IBA IS ONE OF OUR VARIETIES THAT HAS DONE VERY WELL, A LATER MATURING VARIETY, ONE OF THE SONS OF DUSTER THAT HAS DONE VERY WELL THIS YEAR.

I LOOK FOR IT TO CONTINUE TO DO WELL.

>> AS THE FIELDS DRY OUT, PRODUCERS ARE GETTING BACK OUT THERE AND WRAPPING THINGS UP.

>> WRAPPING THINGS UP.

WE'RE EXPECTING A GOOD WEEK OF DRY WEATHER.

IF WE CAN GET THAT, IT'S AMAZING HOW QUICKLY YOU CAN HARVEST 3 MILLION ACRES OF WHEAT IF MOTHER NATURE COOPERATES.

>> CLOSE OUT JUNE SO EVERYBODY CAN TAKE A VACATION IN JULY, RIGHT?

>> ABSOLUTELY.

>> JEFF EDWARDS, SEE YOU AGAIN SOON.

THANK YOU.

MARKET MONITOR

>> THIRD WEEK OF JUNE LAST YEAR.

WE WERE TALKING ABOUT HOW THE HARVEST WAS DONE AND PRETTY WELL IN THE BIN.

BUT THAT'S NOT THE CASE THIS YEAR.

>> YOU KNOW, THAT'S CORRECT.

WHEAT STILL IN THE FIELD RUNNING 2 TO 3 WEEKS BEHIND AVERAGE.

AND, YOU KNOW, 4 OR 5 WEEKS BEHIND LAST YEAR.

JUST LIKE PRICES LAST YEAR WERE $6.60 AND THIS YEAR THEY'RE $7.40 ALMOST.

>> WHAT'S HAPPENING WITH THE MARKETS THIS YEAR VERSUS LAST YEAR.

>> WELL WE’VE GOT HIGHER PRICES IF YOU COMPARE THEM WITH LAST YEAR.

WITH ALMOST THE SAME SUPPLY AND DEMAND SITUATIONS PROJECTED IN THE STOCKS SLIGHTLY BELOW AVERAGE FOR BOTH THE U.S. AND THE WORLD.

WE'VE GOT PRICES, YOU KNOW, 80 CENTS HIGHER THAN THEY WERE LAST YEAR.

ALSO, ONE OF THE SURPRISES IS THAT THE BASIS FOR LAST YEAR -- MINUS 30, MINUS 40 CENTS UNDER THE JULY/SEPTEMBER CONTRACTS.

THIS YEAR, IN PARTS OF THE STATE, IT'S EVEN OUR SEVEN CENTSLESS.

IN OTHER WORDS, THE BASIS IS THE 20 TO 25-CENT, MAYBE EVEN 30 CENTS IN SOME PLACES HIGHER THAN LAST YEAR.

>> GOING TO ASK YOU A QUESTION YOU MAKE ALL OF YOUR MONEY FOR -- WHY?

>> THAT'S THE $64,000 QUESTION.

I THINK THE PRICES ARE HIGHER BECAUSE THE CORN STOCKS ARE SO TIGHT.

WE'VE GOT TO KEEP THE WHEAT OUT OF THE FEED MARKET.

THE BASIS, IT COULD BE HIGHER BECAUSE OF ONE, TO RAISE THE CASH PRICE TO KEEP THE WHEAT OUT OF THE FEED MARKET IN THIS PART OF THE WORLD.

BUT ALSO, THERE'S SOME NEW PLAYERS IN THE MARKET IN THE OKLAHOMA/TEXAS AREA.

THERE MAY BE SOME INCREASED COMPETITION.

ELEVATORS IN THIS PART OF THE WORLD HAVE ONE SHOT AT GETTING THE GRAIN IN THEIR BIN, IT'S AT HARVEST, AND THEY GOT TO BE COMPETITIVE.

>> SO, DOES THE OKLAHOMA FARMER, DO THEY SELL OR DO THEY STORE?

>> I THINK THE ANSWER IS YES.

IF YOU LOOK AT THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE SEPTEMBER AND THE DECEMBER CONTRACT, THEY'RE OFFERING 15 CENTS TO STORE WHEAT FOR FIVE MONTHS.

THE COST TO STORE WHEAT, YOU KNOW, ABOUT 24 CENTS FOR COMMERCIAL STORAGE AROUND ANOTHER SIX CENTS OR SO FOR INTEREST RATES.

ABOUT 30 CENTS.

THEY'RE OFFERING HALF OF THAT.

WITH THE HIGH BASIS, THE NORMAL BASIS IS A MINUS 60 CENTS OR 60 CENTS LESS THAN THE CURRENT CONTRACT.

IT'S EVEN WITH IT.

THE BASIS IS TELLING YOU -- THE MARKET IS BEGGING YOU TO SELL WHEAT.

BUT WE DON'T KNOW IF IT WILL GO UP A DOLLAR AND A HALF OR GO DOWN A DOLLAR AND A HALF.

I SAY SELL HALF OF IT AND SAVE THE OTHER HALF AND STORE AND SEE WHAT HAPPENS.

>> THAT'S A LITTLE DIFFERENT FROM YOUR THIRD, THIRD, AND THIRD.

>> THAT'S A HALF, A FOURTH, AND A FOURTH.

>> KEN ANDERSON, GRAIN MARKETING SPECIALIST HERE AT OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY.

 TORNADO DEBRIS

>> NOW TO A STORY ABOUT TORNADO CLEANUP AND HOW YOUNG PEOPLE WHO CARE ARE MAKING A DIFFERENCE FOR FARMERS.

>> THE MAY 20 TORNADO WAS HALF AMILE AWAY FROM MY HOUSE.

>> CONNER IS FROM MOORE, OKLAHOMA, THE SITE OF A DEVASTATING EF-5 TORNADO IN MID MAY.

BUT TODAY, CONNER IS 30 MILES NORTHWEST OF HIS HOME CLEANING UP DAMAGE FROM THE MAY 31 TORNADO THAT WHIPPED THROUGH CANADIAN COUNTY.

>> THAT EVENING, IT WAS THE BIGGEST WALL CLOUD I'VE EVER SEEN IN MY LIFE.

IT SEEMED TO ENCOMPASS A THIRD OF THE WHOLE COUNTY.

>> THE TORNADO WAS THE BROADEST RECORDED IN NORTH AMERICA AT OVER 2.6 MILES WIDE.

WIND SPEEDS REACHED 296 MILES PER HOUR.

DEVASTATING HOMES AND BUSINESSES AND AGRICULTURAL LAND, INCLUDING THE CANOLA CROP.

>> IT WAS ABOUT SHOULDER HIGH BEFORE THE TORNADO CAME THROUGH AND BASICALLY JUST LAID IT STRAIGHT ON THE GROUND AND KNOCKED A LOT OF THE SEEDS OUT ON THE GROUND.

SHATTERED A LOT OF THE PODS.

JUST MADE IT WITH ALL OF THE TRASH IN IT, MADE IT PRETTY WELL UNHARVESTABLE.

>> AGRICULTURE DAMAGE WAS IN A PATH, MAINLY IN THE PATH OF THAT STORM.

AND WHERE THE WIND CARRIED DEBRIS.

IF YOU WERE IN THAT 2.6-MILE SWATH, IT'S DEVASTATING JUST LIKE THE FIELD WE'RE STANDING IN OF CANOLA THAT JUST GOT BLEW AWAY.

THE FIRST THING THAT'S GOING TO HAPPEN WHEN YOU COME IN WITH A COMBINE IS YOU'RE GOING HEAR A HORRIBLE RATTLE IN THAT COMBINE CYLINDER.

YOU HOPE YOU CAN GET IT SHUT DOWN TO LIMIT THE DAMAGE.

BUT IT ONLY TAKES THAT ONE PIECE OF DEBRIS TO GET IN A PIECE OF OPERATING HARVESTING EQUIPMENT AND YOU'VE GOT MORE MONEY TIED UP IN REPAIRS THAN THE CROP WILLEVER BE WORTH.

>> THAT IS WHY VOLUNTEERS LIKE CONNER McREYNOLDS MAKE SUCH A DIFFERENCE.

>>MAKES ME FEEL LIKE I'M HELPING PEOPLE THAT JUST HAD THEIR HOUSES GONE.

THIS IS THE ONLY WAY THEY CAN MAKE THE MONEY TO REBUILD THEIR HOMES.

>> WE HAVE A BUNCH OF YOUTH FROM ALL ACROSS THE STATE OF OKLAHOMA TODAY THROUGH THE UNITED METHODIST CHURCH CLEANING FIELDS HERE FOR FARMERS.

THIS IS AN ALFALFA FIELD THEY'VE BEEN WORKING ON.

WE JUSTHAVE TO WALK THROUGH THE FIELDS, PICK UP ALL OF THE DEBRIS, INSULATION, SHINGLES, METAL.

>>THIS WILL BE MY SIXTH OR SEVENTH FIELD.

AND YESTERDAY WE FOUND PART OF A TRACTOR TRAILER OUT IN THE FIELD.

IT WAS PRETTY HEAVY TO MOVE.

>> BUT IT ISN'T JUST THE BIG DEBRIS.

THE LITTLE STUFF IS OFTEN IMPORTANT TOO.

>> THE PICTURE OF A MAN AND TWO LADIES.

COULD BE SISTERS, WIFE.

WE'LL HOLD ON TO IT, TRY TO GET IT TO ITS OWNER.

>> IT'S PRETTY HUMBLING HOW MANY PEOPLE SHOW UP THAT'S NOT EVEN FROM THIS STATE, DON'T HAVE ANYTHING TO DO WITH YOU OR THE CROP.

THEY'RE JUST WILLING TO SPEND THE DAY PICKING UP TRASH.

>> A LOT OF THESE FARMERS HAD HOUSES DESTROYED.

THIS IS THE LAST THING ON THEIR MINDS, PICKING DEBRIS UP.

AND THAT'S THE HEART FELT THANKS THAT THOSE FARMERS HAD FOR THESE VOLUNTEERS IS THAT SOMEBODY IS HELPING ME AND THAT'S ONE LESS WORRY I HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IS DEBRIS IN MY FIELDS.

>> STILL, WITH SO MUCH OF THE DEBRIS HIDDEN BENEATH THE TANGLED MAT OF PLANT MATERIAL, THIS IS JUST THE FIRST STEP OF CLEANUP.

>> PROBABLY SEE SOME FIRES IN THIS AREA TO EXPOSE THE DEBRIS FIELD AND BE ABLE TO GET IT COMPLETELY CLEANED UP.

>>BASICALLY WALK IT AGAIN, PICK IT UP.

AND HOPEFULLY WE DON'T HAVE A BUNCH OF FLATS FROM ALL OF THE NAILS.

COME BACK IN WITH WHEAT AND JUST LIKE FARMERS ALWAYS SAY, HOPE NEXT YEAR’S BETTER.

>> A GOAL THAT IS A LITTLE EASIER TO ACHIEVE THANKS TO SO MANY WILLING VOLUNTEERS.

FOR SUNUP, I'M AUSTIN MOORE.

COW CALF CORNER

>> PRODUCERS THAT HAVE FALL-BORN HEIFERS THAT THEY'RE GOING TO USE FOR REPLACEMENTS HAVE THOSE HEIFERS EITHER RECENTLY WEANED OR THEY WILL VERY SOON BE WEANED.

WE NEED TO, OF COURSE KEEP THOSE HEIFERS GAINING AS WE GO INTO LATE SUMMER, FALL AND THEN TOWARDS THE BREEDING SEASON NEXT NOVEMBER.

THOSE HEIFERS NEED TO GAIN SOME PLACE BETWEEN 1 1/3 AND 1 1/2 POUNDS PER HEAD PER DAY BETWEEN NOW AND WHEN THEY START THAT FIRST BREEDING SEASON.

WHILE THEY'RE ON REALLY GREEN LUSH NATIVE GRASS OR BERMUDA GRASS THIS TIME OF THE YEAR, THEY'RE RECEIVING ENOUGH PROTEIN AND ENERGY TO DO THAT AND TO MEET THOSE NEEDS.

BUT AS WE GO INTO LATER SUMMER, JULY, AUGUST, AND SEPTEMBER, THOSE GRASSES BECOME DRY, THEY START TO REACH MATURITY, THEY WILL LOSE PROTEIN.

THAT'S THE TIME WHEN SUPPLEMENTATION OF THOSE REPLACEMENT HEIFERS BECOMES VERY, VERY IMPORTANT.

A GOOD CONCEPT TO CONSIDER IS WHAT WE CALL THE OKLAHOMA GOLD SUPPLEMENT.

THAT'S WHERE WE USE A SMALL PACKAGE OF A HIGH PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT, SOMETHING THAT'S 38% TO 45% PROTEIN.

GENERALLY FED IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD OF 1.5 TO 2 POUNDS PER HEAD PER DAY.

THAT SHOULD PROVIDE THE ADDITIONAL PROTEIN THAT THOSE YOUNG HEIFERS NEED IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE THAT 1 1/2 POUNDS AVERAGE DAILY GAIN THAT WE'RE AFTER.

IF WE HAVE SOME HEIFERS THAT WE THINK ARE A LITTLE BIT TOO LIGHT OR WERE CONCERNED AS TO WHETHER WE HAVE ENOUGH PASTURE IN ORDER TO MEET THE ENERGY NEEDS OF THOSE HEIFERS WE MIGHT USE A DIFFERENT SUPPLEMENTATION PROGRAM, THIS IS CALLED SUPER GOLD.

WHAT IT IS IS FEEDING THREE POUNDS OR TWICE AS MUCH AS WHAT WE TALKED ABOUT BEFORE, OF A LOWER PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT, GENERALLY SOMETHING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD OF 25% CRUDE PROTEIN.

THAT SHOULD REALLY BE HELPFUL FOR THOSE YOUNG REPLACEMENT HEIFERS THAT NEED A LITTLE EXTRA BOOST TO MAKE SURE THEY'RE BIG ENOUGH, THEY WANT TO BE 65% OF THEIR MATURE WEIGHT AS THEY START THAT BREEDING SEASON NEXT FALL AND THAT WILL GIVE US THE BEST CHANCE TO HAVE A HIGH PERCENTAGE OF THOSE HEIFERS BRED IN THE UPCOMING BREEDING SEASON SO WE CAN GET THOSE HEIFERS OFF TO A GOOD START TO MATCH THE REST OF OUR COW HERD.

WE HOPE THAT THIS HELPS YOU WITH YOUR SUMMER SUPPLEMENTATION IDEAS FOR THOSE FALL BORN REPLACEMENT HEIFERS.

WE LOOK FORWARD TO VISITING WITH YOU AGAIN NEXT WEEK ON SUNUP'S COW-CALF CORNER.

LIVESTOCK MARKETING

>> JOINING US NOW TO TALK ABOUT THE LIFE STOCK MARKET, DERRELL PEEL OUR LIVESTOCK MARKETING SPECIALIST HERE AT OKLAHOMA STATE.

DERRELL LET’S START TODAY BY TALKING ABOUT THE IMPORTS, WHAT’S HAPPENING IN THOSE MARKETS?

>> BEEF IMPORTS TO THE U.S. ARE UP A LITTLE BIT THIS YEAR.

WE EXPECTED THAT.

AGAIN WE HAVE HIGH PRICES IN THE U.S. AND THAT ATTRACTS MORE PRODUCT INTO THE U.S. MARKET.

IT DEPENDS ON EXCHANGE RATES.

IT'S A BIT OF A MIXED BAG WHEN YOU LOOK AT MAJOR SOURCES OF IMPORTS.

AUSTRALIA IS ONE OF THOSE.

WE ARE ACTUALLY GETTING LESS MEAT SO FAR THIS YEAR FROM AUSTRALIA AND FROM CANADA WHICH IS ALSO ONE OF OUR MAJOR SOURCES OF IMPORTS.

ON THE OTHER HAND, NEW ZEALAND IS UP IN TERMS OF THE AMOUNT OF MEAT COMING INTO THE U.S. FROM NEW ZEALAND.

MEXICO, WHO IS A NEWCOMER ON THE BLOCK AS A SOURCE OF BEEF IMPORTERS IS UP AGAIN THIS YEAR AFTER HAVING GROWN DRAMATICALLY IN THE LAST THREE YEARS.

>>NOW LETS TALK ABOUT THE EXPORTS SIDE OF THINGS.

HOW’S THAT WORKING?

>> EXPORTS ARE DOWN A LITTLE BIT.

AGAIN AS EXPECTED, BECAUSE PRICES ARE HIGH HERE.

WE HAD VERY STRONG GROWTH IN 2010 AND 2011 THAT WAS NOT LIKELY TO CONTINUE AND WE ARE SEEING THAT NOW.

SO WE HAVE DROPPED OFF A LITTLE BIT.

BUT AGAIN IT'S A MIXED BAG WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE MAJOR MARKETS.

JAPAN IS ACTUALLY UP NICELY.

JAPAN CHANGED THEIR REGULATIONS EARLIER THIS YEAR TO ACCEPT MEAT FROM ANIMALS UNDER 30 MONTHS OF AGE.

ON THE OTHER HAND RUSSIA HAS BEEN A STRONG MARKET FOR THE LAST TWO OR THREE YEARS AND CURRENTLY WE ARE SENDING NO PRODUCT TO RUSSIA BECAUSE THEY HAVE A BAN ON RACDOPAMINE AND SO THAT’S AN ISSUE THAT IS BEING WORKED ON THERE.

EXPORTS ARE DOWN TO MEXICO, ALSO ONE OF OUR MAJOR MARKETS, BUT UP A LITTLE TO CANADA AT THE SAME TIME.

>> YOU MENTIONED CANADA AND MEXICO, BOTH ARE IMPORTERS AND EXPORTERS FOR US.

TALK ABOUT THAT DYNAMIC AND HOW WE RELATE TO THAT.

>> WHAT IT REALLY ILLUSTRATES MORE THAN ANYTHING ELSE, TWO THINGS, ONE IS THAT WE REALLY HAVE A NORTH AMERICAN MARKET.

IT MAKES NO SENSE TO THINK OF IT AS THREE SEPARATE MARKETS.

THEY'RE VERY WELL INTEGRATED, MORE SO ALL THE TIME.

THE OTHER THING IS BEEF IS NOT JUST ONE THING.

IT'S MANY DIFFERENT PRODUCTS.

THE TRADE WE HAVE WITH CANADA AND MEXICO IN PARTICULAR ILLUSTRATES THE FACT THAT WE'RE SORTING OUT DIFFERENT PRODUCTS GOING TO DIFFERENT MARKETS.

SOME OF IT IS DUE TO GEOGRAPHY IF YOU WILL, TRANSPORTATION COSTS.

BUT ALSO JUST DIFFERENT PRODUCTS AND THE VALUES THEY HAVE IN THE DIFFERENT COUNTRIES.

AGAIN, IT'S A CONTINUAL EVOLUTION IN THOSE MARKETS TO BECOME MORE INTEGRATED AS A NORTH AMERICAN MARKET.

>> YOU TALKED ABOUT THE MEAT SIDE OF THINGS.

WHAT'S HAPPENING IN THE LIVE CATTLE MARKET S?

>> THE LIVE CATTLE MARKET IN NORTH AMERICA IS ALSO VERY IMPORTANT WITH CANADA, MEXICO, AND THE U.S.

THE LAST TWO YEARS WE HAVE IMPORTED NEAR RECORD LEVELS OF CATTLE FROM MEXICO PARTLY BECAUSE OF PRICES HERE BUT ALSO BECAUSE THEY'VE BEEN AFFECTED BY A DROUGHT MUCH AS THE U.S. HAS.

THOSE LEVELS WERE NOT SUSTAINABLE AND THEY DID DROP OFF AT THE END OF 2012 AND SO FAR IN 2013, WE'RE RUNNING DOWN OVER 40% FROM A YEAR AGO.

WE'LL PROBABLY END UP THE YEAR WITH, YOU KNOW, 50 TO MAYBE 60% OF LAST YEAR'S LEVEL OF CATTLE IMPORTS FROM MEXICO.

ON THE CANADIAN SIDE, WE'RE GETTING A FEW MORE FEEDER CATTLE IN THE EARLY PART OF THE YEAR, THAT MAY BE DROPPING OFF HERE.

AND WE'RE ALSO GETTING MORE CATTLE COMING IN DIRECTLY TO GO TO SLAUGHTER.

PART OF THAT INCREASE IS DUE TO THE FACT THAT WE'RE IMPORTING MORE CULL COWS GOING TO SLAUGHTER BECAUSE ABOUT A YEAR AGO A MAJOR COW KILLING PLANT IN EASTERN CANADA CLOSED AND MANY OF THOSE DAIRY COWS ARE NOW COMING DOWN TO THE U.S. LIVE RATHER THAN BEFORE THEY WERE COMING DOWN ALREADY PROCESSED INTO MEAT.

>> GOOD INFORMATION AS ALWAYS.

DERRELL PEELE, LIVESTOCK MARKETING SPECIALIST HERE AT OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY.

SHOP STOP

>> HI, WELCOME TO SHOP STOP.

TODAY WE WANT TO TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT SOME JUMPER CABLES AND A LITTLE DEVICE THAT MAY MAKE THEM A LITTLE EASIER TO USE IF YOU'RE JUMPING ALL THE TIME.

>> SO ONE THING ABOUT JUMPER CABLES IS OF COURSE GAUGE SIZE, IT PLAYS A BIG PART BECAUSE SMALLER THE GAUGE, THE LARGER THE WIRE, THE LARGER THE WIRE, THE MORE CURRENT IT CAN CARRY.

AND THAT -- THE LARGEST WIRE YOU CAN GET OR AFFORD IS GOING TO BE THE BEST DEAL.

TO CONNECT THEM -- THERE'S SOME SIMPLE WAYS TO DO THAT.

>> USUALLY WE ARE ALL ACCUSTOMED TO YOU HAVE TO POP THE HOOD ON YOUR VEHICLE.

ATTACH IT TO THE BATTERY.

OR MAYBE THERE ARE CONNECTION POINTS ON THE VEHICLE FOR JUMPING.

BUT ALSO YOU CAN GET A QUICK CONNECT.

SO IF YOU ARE, YOU KNOW, HAVING TO JUMP A TRACTOR OR A -- AN IRRIGATION ENGINES OR THINGS LIKE THAT ALL THE TIME, YOU CAN PUT IT IN THERE AND PLUG INTO IT.

>> RIGHT AND IT’S QUICK CONNECTING.

YOU CAN GET THAT AT YOUR LOCAL PARTS SUPPLY HOUSE.

IT JUST BASICALLY IS A SIMPLE CONNECTION.

IT’S REAL EASY TO USE.

AND IT KEEPS YOU FROM HAVING TO MESS WITH THE CABLES SO MUCH.

>> THAT'S A TIP ON JUMPER CABLES THIS WEEK ON SHOP STOP.

WE'LL SEE YOU NEXT WEEK.

BEEF IMPROVEMENT FEDERATION

>> TALKING CATTLE NOW.

A LOOK AT HOW SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY ARE COMING TOGETHER TO SET THE AGENDA FOR BEEF GENETICS.

>> DOWNTOWN OKLAHOMA CITY RECENTLY HOSTED SOME OF THE TOP MINDS IN BEEF BREEDING AND GENETICS, THE MEMBERS OF THE BEEF IMPROVEMENT FEDERATION.

>> WE HAVE, OVER THE YEARS, COMING UP ON 50 YEARS, HAVING DEVELOPED THE EVALUATION TOOLS THAT ARE USED THROUGHOUT THE BEEF INDUSTRY.

IN PARTICULAR, THE EPD, EXPECTED PROGENY DIFFERENCES, THOSE ALL ORIGINATED WITH BIF.

THIS GROUP WAS SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR STANDARDIZING ALL PERFORMANCE RECORDS ACROSS BREEDS AND NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY.

NOW IT’S UNIFORM ACROSS BREEDS.

WHEREAS IN THE EARLY '50s, THIS BREED DID IT ONE WAY, ANOTHER BREED DID IT ANOTHER WAY.

AND SO NOW EVERYBODY IS ON THE SAME PAGE.

>> THE FEDERATION WAS FOUNDED IN 1968 AND HAS BEEN MEETING EACH YEAR TO GUIDE THE EFFORTS OF RESEARCH AND INDUSTRY.

THIS YEAR, 500 PEOPLE ATTENDED.

>> WE GET PEOPLE FROM ALL OVER.

BUT IN A PERFECT WORLD, WE LIKE TO HAVE IT SOMEWHERE WHERE WE CAN GET PEOPLE THAT CAN COME IN THAT ARE MAKING THEIR LIVING AS A COW-CALF OR POSSIBLY A SEED STOCK OPERATOR AND FIGURE OUT HOW THEY CAN MAKE MORE MONEY FROM THEIR OPERATIONS.

SO THAT LIKE IN MY CASE, YOU HAVE TO FIGURE OUT A WAY TO KEEP THE FAMILY FARM.

WE'RE NOT IN AN EASY BUSINESS.

>> A LOT OF THE SPEAKERS HAD A LOOK AHEAD TO THE FUTURE WHETHER IT WAS REGARDING GENETIC DEFECTS AND HOW WE MIGHT USE GENOMIC SEQUENCING TO ADDRESS THOSE AS WELL AS HOW WE MIGHT USE SOMETHING LIKE METAGENOMICS TO IMPACT PRODUCTION.

>> IN THE HALLWAYS WE HAVE LONG BREAKS, USUALLY MAYBE 30 MINUTES, BETWEEN THE GENERAL SESSIONS AND GOING INTO THE SMALLER MORE INTENSIVE SESSIONS.

SO THAT THE LOCAL CATTLE PEOPLE LITERALLY WILL MIX AND MINGLE WITH THE RESEARCHERS AND THE ACADEMICS.

YOU FIND THAT IT'S EQUAL INTEREST TO BOTH PARTIES TO HEAR ABOUT WHAT THE OTHER ONE IS DOING.

>> YOU GET SCIENCE BACK DOWN TO THE PRODUCER.

SO WE HAVE A LOT OF INTERACTION FROM -- IT'S ONE OF THESE MEETINGS THAT THERE IS -- I DON'T BELIEVE IN A MEETING LIKE THIS THAT WE HAVE THE INTERACTION BETWEEN PRODUCERS AND SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY WHERE WE CAN SIT DOWN AND SOLVE PROBLEMS.

>> ONE OF THE NEAT THINGS ABOUT THESE DISCUSSION IS MANY TIMES THEY CAN LEAD TO A NEW RESEARCH DIRECTION AND RESEARCH PROJECTS THAT WE CAN HEAR ABOUT IN FUTURE BIF MEETINGS AS WELL AS OTHER CONFERENCES AND IN SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS.

>> WE AS AN INDUSTY HAVE TO MAKE THE BEST POSSIBLE BEEF EATING EXPERIENCE.

THAT'S WHERE IT IS AT IN MY OPINION.

SO EVERYTHING I’M FOCUSED ON IS TO HELP EVERYBODY TO UNDERSTAND THE CONNECTION AND HELP EVERYBODY WORK TOWARDS THE SAME GOAL.

>> IF YOU'D LIKE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE BEEF IMPROVEMENT FEDERATION, VISIT OUR WEBSITE. SUNUP.OK STATE.EDU.

>> THAT WILL DO IT FOR US THIS WEEK.

REMEMBER, YOU CAN FIND US ANY TIME AT SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU.

YOU CAN ALSO FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK, YOUTUBE, AND TWITTER.

I'M LYNDALL STOUT.

WE'LL HAVE MORE ON WHEAT HARVEST NEXT WEEK ON SUNUP.

SEE YOU THEN.

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