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SUNUP TV 
141 Agriculture North
Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078

Phone: (405) 744-4065
FAX: (405) 744-5738
E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for March 23, 2013

Transcript for March 23, 2013

  • WILD PIGS
  • LIVESTOCK MARKETING
  • MESONET WEATHER
  • COW POX
  • SHOP STOP
  • MARKET MONITOR
  • COW-CALF CORNER
  • BEEF QUALITY SUMMIT

 

WILD PIGS

>> HELLO, EVERYONE, AND WELCOME TO SUNUP.

I'M LYNDALL STOUT.

WE BEGIN TODAY WITH A GROWING PROBLEM FOR LAND OWNERS IN OKLAHOMA.

WE'RE TALKING ABOUT WILD HOGS.

SUNUP'S AUSTIN MOORE STARTS IN PAWHUSKA.

>> Reporter: AT THE OSAGE COUNTY FAIRGROUNDS IN PAWHUSKA, OKLAHOMA, IT'S NOT UNUSUAL TO FIND A GROUP OF CATTLEMEN GATHERED TOGETHER FOR A LEARNING OPPORTUNITY.

WHAT IS UNUSUAL IS WHEN THEY'RE GATHERED TOGETHER TO TALK ABOUT HOGS.

>> WHAT WE'RE HAVING TODAY IS A CONFERENCE TO EDUCATE PRODUCERS ON HOW TO RECOGNIZE AND MANAGE DAMAGE FROM FERAL SWINE, WILD HOGS.

>> Reporter: TO DO THAT, THEY'VE BROUGHT IN EXPERTS FROM PARTS OF THE U.S. AND PARTS OF OKLAHOMA THAT HAVE BEEN DEALING WITH THIS GROWING NUISANCE FOR YEARS, EXPERTS LIKE MISSISSIPPI STATE'S SKIP JACK.

>> WELL, HISTORICALLY, THE STORY IS THAT WHEN HERNANDO DE SOTO WAS EXPLORING THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES, THAT THE HOGS WERE RELEASED FROM THE EURASIAN BOAR, BUT THAT'S BEEN THREE OR FOUR HUNDRED YEARS AGO.

BUT AS WE'VE HAD SWINE OPERATIONS, SWINE FARMING IN THIS COUNTRY OVER THE LAST 250 YEARS, 300 YEARS, SOME OF THOSE HOGS WILL GET RELEASED, AND APPARENTLY THEY ARE CROSS-BRED NOW, SO IT'S VERY HARD TO TELL A COMPLETELY EURASIAN BOAR FROM A WILD HOG.

>> Reporter: OKAY, SO WE HAVE SPANISH EXPLORERS TO THANK FOR A FEW WILD HOGS RUNNING AROUND THE STATE.

MAYBE A FEW HUNDRED THOUSAND.

OKAY, SOME OF THE ESTIMATES GO UP TO 1.6 MILLION.

BUT THAT JUST SOUNDS LIKE GOOD HUNTING.

ONLY THERE ARE PROBLEMS.

>> THERE ARE A HANDFUL OF DISEASES THAT CAN BE SHARED BETWEEN WILD HOGS, OR ANY ANIMALS, REALLY, AND HUMANS.

BUT THE MAIN ONES THAT WE'RE MOST CONCERNED ABOUT ARE BRUCELLOSIS, PEOPLE CAN ALSO GET SALMONELLA, AND PERHAPS LEPTOSPIROSIS.

>> Reporter: IF THAT ISN'T ENOUGH TO CONVINCE YOU TO CONTROL THESE CREATURES, YOU SHOULD SEE WHAT THEY DO TO THE LAND.

IN FACT, OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY WILDLIFE SPECIALIST DWAYNE ELMORE AND I HEADED SOUTH TO LOVE COUNTY WITH COLLEAGUES FROM THE NOBLE FOUNDATION TO LOOK AT THE DAMAGE.

>> WE'RE SITTING HERE AT A NEST SITE, AND ACTUALLY THE FEMALE SOW WILL BRING IN VEGETATION, PILE IT UP, AND KEEP THE YOUNG PROTECTED AND WARM UNDERNEATH THE VEGETATION AS SHE NURSES THEM.

LANDOWNERS MIGHT SOMETIMES SEE THESE PILES OF VEGETATION IN THICKET AREAS, WHICH IS TYPICALLY WHERE A PIG WOULD TRY TO RAISE THEIR YOUNG, IN MORE PROTECTED, SECLUDED SITES.

>> THE DAMAGE YOU SEE HERE IS FROM A SOUNDER OF FERAL PIGS, WILD PIGS.

EVERY PLACE WHERE THIS SOIL IS TORN UP, YOU COMPLETELY ELIMINATE FORAGE PRODUCTION FOR QUITE A WHILE.

IT TAKES A WHILE FOR THESE GRASSES TO RECOVER FROM SUCH SEVERE DAMAGE.

IT'S THE SAME THING AS DISKING IT UP WITH A PLOW.

SOME OF THESE HOLES CAN BECOME PRETTY DEEP AND CAUSE A LOT OF EXPENSE FOR A LANDOWNER TO COME BACK IN AND LEVEL OUT AND SMOOTH BACK UP TO AVOID DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT OR PEOPLE OR LIVESTOCK.

>> THEY ALSO ARE DESTRUCTIVE TO NATIVE FLORA AND FAUNA, PLANTS AND ANIMALS.

JUST LIKE WITH CATTLE, THEY'RE COMPETING FOR FORAGE AND ACORNS AND WILD FOOD STOCKS THAT NATIVE WILDLIFE DEPEND ON.

THEY ALSO CAN BE DESTRUCTIVE FOR GROUND-NESTING BIRDS.

NOT ONLY DO THEY CONSUME THE EGGS OF GROUND-NESTING BIRDS, BUT THEY'LL DESTROY VEGETATION THAT THE BIRDS MIGHT DEPEND ON FOR NESTING COVER.

>> Reporter: SO BAD FOR PEOPLE, BAD FOR AGRICULTURE, BAD FOR WILDLIFE.

THE QUESTION BECOMES HOW DO YOU CONTROL THEM?

>> THERE ARE NO TOXICANTS THAT ARE LABELED FOR USE WITH WILD PIGS RIGHT NOW, SO TRAPPING AND HUNTING ARE THE TWO MOST EFFECTIVE TOOLS A LANDOWNER HAS TO BE ABLE TO MITIGATE PROBLEMS SUCH AS THIS.

>> Reporter: AND HUNTING IS LARGELY INEFFECTIVE WHEN DEALING WITH SOUNDERS OF 20 TO 30 PIGS.

>> HAD A STORY ALREADY THIS MORNING THAT YESTERDAY SOME FOLKS RAN INTO SOME HOGS, AND THERE WAS ALMOST 20 OF THEM, AND THEY KILLED TWO OF THEM BEFORE THEY WERE OUT OF RIFLE RANGE.

THAT'S ABOUT HOW EFFECTIVE THAT IS.

>> Reporter: CONVENTIONAL GROUND TRAPS ARE MORE EFFECTIVE BUT LEAVE A LOT TO BE DESIRED.

CONDUCTING RESEARCH FOR THE NOBLE FOUNDATION, JOSH GASKAMP TOLD ME CONVENTIONAL TRAPS ONLY CAPTURED ABOUT 50% OF SOUNDERS, AND THEY DID CAPTURE A NUMBER OF WILDLIFE SPECIES THAT WEREN'T TARGETED.

>> WE ARE ATTRACTING WHITE-TAILED DEER, RACCOONS, THINGS OF THAT NATURE INTO THE TRAPS WITH THE BAIT AS WELL.

>> Reporter: DROP NETS WERE MORE EFFECTIVE, CAPTURING 86% OF THEIR TARGETS, BUT REQUIRED TEAMS TO STAKE OUT THE TRAP SITE FOR HOURS ON END, OFTEN OVERNIGHT.

SO THE TEAM DEVELOPED SOMETHING NEW, SOMETHING COOL.

>> THIS IS THE TRAP THAT WE'RE CALLING THE BOAR BUSTER.

WE HAVE A COMPUTER SET UP ON SITE.

THE COMPUTER HAS A WEBCAM ATTACHED TO IT THAT, WHEN THERE IS MOTION, IT SENDS US A TEXT MESSAGE OR EMAIL.

WE LOG ON TO THE SYSTEM FROM THERE.

WE'RE ABLE TO WATCH A LIVE VIDEO FEED OF THE TRAP, DETERMINE THE APPROPRIATE TIME TO CAPTURE BASED ON HOW MANY HOGS WE HAVE.

>> Reporter: NOW, IT'S EARLY, BUT SO FAR THIS SYSTEM IS CAPTURING SIMILAR RATES TO THE DROP NETS, WITH LESS MAN HOURS, WHILE ELIMINATING NON-TARGET CAPTURES.

NOBLE IS WORKING TO BRING THIS TECHNOLOGY TO THE MARKET, BUT IN THE MEANTIME, TRAP THEM HOWEVER YOU CAN, AND KEEP THIS ADVICE IN MIND:

>> ONCE YOU HAVE PIGS TRAPPED, YOU CAN KILL THEM AND THEN PROCESS THEM YOURSELF FOR CONSUMPTION, OR YOU CAN TRANSPORT THEM LIVE TO A LICENSED PROCESSING FACILITY.

NOW, IF YOU'RE GOING TO DO THAT, YOU NEED TO CONTACT THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, THE OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, AND GET A PERMIT TO TRANSPORT THOSE ANIMALS.

>> Reporter: BECAUSE IF YOU DON'T, THEY'LL HAVE YOU SQUEALING ALL THE WAY HOME.

FOR SUNUP, I'M AUSTIN MOORE.

 

LIVESTOCK MARKETING

>>> DERRELL PEEL, OUR LIVESTOCK MARKETING SPECIALIST, JOINS US NOW.

IT'S BEEN A WHILE.

LET'S START WITH A RUNDOWN OF THE MARKETS IN TERMS OF DEMAND.

>> ONE OF THE BIGGEST WE'VE SEEN OVER THE LAST MONTH HAS BEEN A STRONG REBOUND IN BOXED-BEEF PRICES.

WE WERE SORT OF LOOKING FOR THAT.

THE MARKET STRUGGLED A LOT IN JANUARY AND FEBRUARY, IN GENERAL ACROSS THE BOARD FOR BOTH BEEF AND CATTLE MARKETS, BUT WE'VE SEEN A NICE REBOUND.

WE'RE BACK UP AGAINST THAT TWO-DOLLAR-A-POUND MARK OR CLOSE TO IT, CHOICE BOXED BEEF IS AROUND $1.96 AT THE MOMENT, AND I THINK THAT WILL BE THE REAL TEST OVER THE NEXT MONTH TO SIX WEEKS, WILL BE ONCE AGAIN A CHALLENGE OF THAT $2-A-POUND LEVEL.

AND THAT WILL SORT OF TELL THE TALE FOR THE NEXT FEW MONTHS, IF WE'RE ABLE OR UNABLE TO GO THROUGH THAT LEVEL.

>> WHAT ARE YOU LOOKING AT IN TERMS OF FED CATTLE?

>> FED-CATTLE MARKETS ALSO REBOUNDED OVER THAT TIME PERIOD.

THEY HAVE SOFTENED BACK UP AGAIN RECENTLY.

MARGINS ARE STILL AN ISSUE.

THE INCREASE IN BOXED-BEEF PRICES REALLY HELPED THE PACKER MARGINS SHORT TERM, AND THEN THE FEED-LOT MARGINS GOT SOME RELIEF AS FED-CATTLE PRICES CAME BACK UP, BUT ALL OF THESE MARKETS ARE STRUGGLING WITH THEIR MARGINS, AND CLEARLY FED-CATTLE PRICES WILL TAKE THEIR CUE FROM HERE ON, ON WHAT HAPPENS TO THE BOXED-BEEF PRICES, SO DEMAND IS STILL VERY, VERY KEY TO FED-CATTLE PRICES AS WE GO FORWARD.

>> IS THAT TRANSLATING TO FEEDER CATTLE AS WELL?

>> FEEDER CATTLE SOFTENED AS WE WENT THROUGH JANUARY AND FEBRUARY.

THEY HAVE RECOVERED A LITTLE BIT.

IT WAS MORE THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS WEIGHING ON THE MARKET.

OF COURSE WE HAVE GOTTEN SOME RAIN OVER THE LAST MONTH, SO THERE'S A LITTLE BIT OF RELIEF THERE.

MORE IMPORTANTLY, I THINK FEED LOTS DEMAND MAY NOT BE REAL STRONG BUT WILL BE COMING BACK A BIT AS WE HAVE MOVED THROUGH SOME FEED-LOT SUPPLIES THE LAST THREE OR FOUR WEEKS OR SO.

SO FEEDER-CATTLE MARKETS HAVE NOT PICKED UP AS MUCH AS I EXPECT THEM TO.

IF THE MOISTURE CONTINUES, THAT WOULD DEFINITELY ENSURE THAT WE WOULD HAVE STRONG SPRING DEMAND FOR GRAZING CATTLE.

BUT OTHERWISE FEED-LOT DEMAND IS STILL A BIT MUTED, AND IT WILL DEPEND ON THE FED-CATTLE PRICES HOW FEEDER CATTLE PRICES GO OVER THE NEXT MONTH OR SO.

>> SPRING IS HERE.

WHAT ADVICE ARE YOU GIVING PRODUCERS AS WE MOVE FORWARD?

>> WELL, CATTLE PRODUCERS IN OKLAHOMA ARE STILL VERY MUCH GOT AN EYE ON THE DROUGHT SITUATION.

THE MOISTURE WE'VE HAD IS VERY NICE, IT'S GOING TO GIVE US A START TO GREENING THINGS UP, BUT IT REALLY HASN'T CHANGED THINGS IN A COUPLE OF FUNDAMENTAL WAYS.

FIRST OF ALL, IT HASN'T DONE MUCH AT ALL TO RECHARGE SURFACE WATER, SO OUR PONDS ARE STILL VERY LOW.

LIMITED WATER IS A MAJOR CONCERN FOR MANY PRODUCERS.

SECOND, IT'S JUST NOT ENOUGH TO CURE THE DROUGHT.

IT'S A GOOD START, BUT UNLESS WE CONTINUE TO RECEIVE MOISTURE ON A TIMELY BASIS -- AND, REALLY, WE NEED ABOVE-NORMAL MOISTURE TO CONTINUE RE-CHARGING THE SOIL, IN ADDITION TO WHAT WE'RE GOING TO NEED AS WE WARM UP AND GET INTO THESE WARM, WINDY DAYS THAT WE'LL USE A LOT OF MOISTURE, SO THE DROUGHT IS STILL A MAJOR FACTOR, AND PRODUCERS STILL NEED TO BE PLANNING AHEAD TO WHAT THEY'RE GOING TO DO IF IT DOES OR DOESN'T RAIN, AND MAKE THOSE PLANS ACCORDINGLY AS WE GO FORWARD.

>> OKAY, DERRELL PEEL, WE'LL SEE YOU AGAIN IN A COUPLE OF WEEKS.

THANKS A LOT.

 

MESONET WEATHER

>>> I'M AL SUTHERLAND WITH YOUR MESONET WEATHER REPORT.

FEBRUARY AND MARCH HAVE BEEN GREAT MONTHS FOR NEEDED RAINFALL.

A RAINFALL MAP FOR THE LAST 30 DAYS, THROUGH WEDNESDAY, SHOWS HOW PRECIPITATION EVENTS HAVE ADDED UP FOR THE LAST DAYS OF FEBRUARY AND THE FIRST THREE WEEKS OF MARCH.

THERE ARE A LOT OF COLORS ON THIS MAP.

THE GREEN AREAS HAD RAIN AMOUNTS OF 3/4" TO 2".

THE YELLOW AND BROWN AREAS RANGED FROM 2" TO 4".

THE ORANGE AREAS ARE THOSE FROM 4 TO 5".

THE BANDS OF RED HAD MORE THAN 5", AND THE PURPLISH-RED MORE THAN 6" OF PRECIPITATION.

THE HIGHEST TOTAL FOR A MESONET SITE WAS 5.24" AT COOKSON.

A MAP OF PRECIPITATION FOR THE LAST 60 DAYS HAS THE MAJORITY OF OKLAHOMA COLORED OLIVE GREEN, GREEN, OR BLUE, REPRESENTING THOSE AREAS RECEIVING 80 TO 200% OF NORMAL RAINFALL FROM MID-JANUARY TO MID-MARCH.

THAT IS A GREAT CHANGE FROM WHAT WE HAVE GONE THROUGH FOR MOST OF THIS WINTER.

A MAP FROM OCTOBER 1ST, THE BEGINNING OF OUR CURRENT WATER YEAR, HAS THE BULK OF THE STATE COLORED ORANGE OR YELLOW, BETWEEN 40 AND 80% OF NORMAL.

A BELOW-NORMAL WATER YEAR SO FAR IS ONE REASON WHY OKLAHOMA CONTINUES TO HAVE VARIOUS LEVELS OF DROUGHT DESIGNATION.

THE WESTERN PART OF THE PANHANDLE AND SOUTHWEST OKLAHOMA ARE RED-PURPLE FOR EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT STATUS, THE HIGHEST DROUGHT LEVEL.

THE RED AREAS ARE IN EXTREME DROUGHT, ORANGE AREAS ARE RATED "SEVERE," AND THE TAN AREAS "MODERATE."

PRECIPITATION DURING FEBRUARY AND MARCH DID HELP OKLAHOMA'S UPPER-SOIL MOISTURE.

CHECKING THE SOIL MOISTURE AT THE 10" DEPTH WEDNESDAY SHOWS THAT THE MAJORITY OF THE STATE IS DARK GREEN, WITH EXCELLENT SOIL MOISTURE AT 10".

SOIL MOISTURE AT 10" BEGINS TO DROP OFF IN THE PANHANDLE, BUT ARE STILL ABOVE 60% MOISTURE.

THE SOUTHWEST IS THE DRIEST LOCATION, WITH TIPTON COMING IN AT JUST 2/10 FRACTIONAL WATER INDEX OR ONLY 20% OF SENSOR SOIL MOISTURE.

DROPPING DOWN TO 24" IN THE SOIL SHOWS UP SOME BONE-DRY SPOTS, LIKE GOODWELL, BUFFALO, AND A LARGER AREA COVERING JACKSON, TILLMAN, AND COTTON COUNTIES.

ZERO IS THE DRIEST YOU CAN GET IN THE MESONET SOIL SENSORS.

GOOD SOIL MOISTURE IN THE ROOT ZONE OF WHEAT AND CANOLA GIVES US MORE HOPE THAT THESE CROPS WILL TURN OUT WELL, AND GOOD UPPER-SOIL MOISTURE WILL ALSO HELP GET PASTURE AND HAY OFF TO A GOOD START LATER THIS SPRING.

AND HAVING GOOD SOIL MOISTURE IS THE FIRST STEP TO GETTING MORE WATER INTO OKLAHOMA'S PONDS AND LAKES.

NOW WE JUST NEED MARCH TO FINISH OUT WET AND THEN CONTINUE WITH MOIST WEATHER INTO APRIL AND MAY.

THANKS FOR JOINING US.

WE HOPE TO BE WITH YOU AGAIN SOON FOR ANOTHER MESONET WEATHER REPORT.

COW POX

>>> ANY TIME YOU DEAL WITH THE WORD "POX", YOU'VE GOT TO GO TO THE DOCTOR.

AND WE HAVE DR. BRIAN ARNALL HERE TO TELL US ABOUT COW POX.

WHAT ARE THEY, AND WHAT DO THEY DO?

>> SO COW POX ARE GOING TO START SHOWING UP IN THE WHEAT FIELDS THIS TIME OF YEAR AND ALSO IN THE PASTURES A LITTLE BIT LATER.

IT'S BASICALLY THE PILES AND THE URINE PATCHES FROM THE LIVESTOCK THAT'S BEEN OUT ON THE GROUND PREVIOUSLY, AND THEY'RE GETTING GREENER IN SOME AREAS.

THAT'S A SIGN OF NITROGEN DEFICIENCY, NUTRIENT DEFICIENCY.

WE CALL IT COW POX BECAUSE YOU'LL SEE LITTLE GREEN SPOTS ALL OVER THE FIELD.

THEY'RE A GREAT INDICATOR.

IN FACT, I CALL THEM THE ORIGINAL, THE NATURAL N-RICH STRIP.

WE JUST MADE THE COW POX BIGGER WITH THE N-RICH STRIP.

SO THE COW POX ARE JUST A SIGN THAT THE FIELD NEEDS NITROGEN.

AND RIGHT NOW -- I'VE SPENT A LOT OF TIME ON THE ROAD LATELY, I'M SEEING MORE AND MORE FIELDS SHOW UP, WHICH MAKES SENSE.

A LOT OF PRODUCERS DIDN'T PUT A LOT OF NITROGEN DOWN DUE TO THE DROUGHT, COMING INTO THE END OF THE YEAR.

WE'VE HAD GROWTH STARTING TO COME OUT, AND WE'RE STARTING TO SEE THE GREEN PATCHES.

NOW IS A TIME TO MAKE A DECISION.

WE'RE GETTING A LITTLE BIT LATE ON NITROGEN APPLICATION.

IN FACT, LAST WEEKEND DR. EDWARDS PUT OUT A POST ABOUT HOLLOW STEM COMING IN MOST OF THE VARIETIES ON THE TEST PLOT.

SO WE'RE GETTING NEAR HOLLOW STEM IF NOT ALREADY THERE IN MOST CASES.

NOW IS THE TIME TO APPLY IF WE'RE GOING TO APPLY.

IF YOU SEE THOSE LITTLE GREEN PATCHES IN YOUR FIELDS, IT'S A GOOD OPPORTUNITY TO GAIN MORE YIELD.

MORE THAN LIKELY IF YOU GET NITROGEN ON THE FIELD, YOU WILL REAP THE BENEFITS IN TERMS OF GRAIN, OR INCREASED FORAGE PRODUCTION IF YOU'RE JUST GOING TO A GRAZE-OUT SYSTEM.

KEEP IN MIND, IF WE'RE MOVING PAST HOLLOW STEM, IF YOU'RE TAKING A MACHINE OVER THE FIELD, TIRE DAMAGE COMES INTO PLAY.

PERFECT OPPORTUNITY WOULD BE MAYBE A LIQUID APPLICATOR WITH NARROW TIRES COVERING A LARGE AREA AND VERY LITTLE DAMAGE FOR LATER GROWTH IN WHEAT IF YOU WANT TO RECOVER FROM THAT, BUT IT'S JUST A GOOD SIGN THAT NOW IS THE TIME TO APPLY FERTILIZER, AND YOU'LL GET AN ECONOMIC BENEFIT.

>> OKAY.

AND RIGHT NOW YOU'RE ACTUALLY WANTING PICTURES OF THESE ALSO?

>> ABSOLUTELY.

THESE ARE GREAT FOR EDUCATION AND EXTENSION PURPOSES.

ANYBODY THAT WANTS TO SEND ME PICTURES, PLEASE GO ON MY WEBSITE, SEND THEM THROUGH MY EMAIL OR MY FACEBOOK OR TWITTER FEED OR WHAT BE IT, AND PLEASE SEND THEM MY WAY.

I WOULD LOVE TO BE ABLE TO USE THEM.

>> RIGHT NOW IS ALMOST THE END OF APPLICATION TIME TO FIX THEM.

>> IN NORMAL APPLICATION, WE WANT PEOPLE TO BE ON BEFORE HOLLOW STEM, TO JUST LIMIT DAMAGE.

THE WHEAT AS A PLANT CAN STILL RECOVER AFTER THAT, BUT THE CLOSER WE GET TO FLAGLEAF, CLOSER AND CLOSER TO FLAGLEAF, THE LESS AND LESS LIKELY IT WILL BE THAT WE CAN RECOVER ANY YIELDS, SO NOW IS THE TIME.

DON'T WAIT ANY LONGER IF YOU SEE THOSE COW POX OUT THERE RIGHT NOW.

>> OKAY.

DR. BRIAN ARNALL, THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

FOR MORE INFORMATION, GO TO OUR WEBSITE: SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU.

 

SHOP STOP

>>> HI.

WELCOME TO SHOP STOP.

TODAY WE WANT TO TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT SHEAR BOLTS.

>> WE TALKED ABOUT SHEAR BOLTS IN AN EARLIER SEGMENT, BUT TODAY WE WANT TO TALK ABOUT USING THE PROPER LENGTH OF UNTHREADED BOLT FOR YOUR SHEAR BOLT.

>> IF YOU LOOK AT YOUR BOLT AND YOU'VE GOT THE DIAMETER OF THE BOLT NEXT TO THE HEAD, WHERE IT'S THE FULL DIAMETER, BUT ONCE YOU GET DOWN INTO THE THREADS, WHERE THOSE ARE CUT, THE ACTUAL DIAMETER OF THE BOLT IS SOMEWHAT LESS.

>> SO THAT MEANS THAT AS YOU'RE PULLING ON THAT, IF YOU'RE USING IT AND SHEAR -- IT WILL ACTUALLY SHEAR QUICKER THAN IT WOULD OUT ON THE SHANK.

>> SO IF WE HAD THIS, FOR EXAMPLE, IF WE'RE RUNNING THROUGH THREE PIECES HERE WHERE YOUR TWO OUTSIDE PIECES MIGHT BE FIXED AND THE CENTER PIECE, THEN, IS WHERE IT COULD SHEAR, IF WE PULL BACK AND LOOK AT THIS, THEN THIS CROSS-SECTIONAL AREA IS GOING TO BE LESS THAN OVER NEXT TO THE HEAD OF THE BOLT.

>> SO WHAT WE WANT TO DO IS SELECT A BOLT WITH A LONGER SHANK HERE, AND THEN MAKE SURE THAT EXTENDS THROUGH ALL THREE PIECES WHERE THE SHEAR IS.

>> NOW YOU CAN SEE THAT THE FULL DIAMETER OF THE BOLT WOULD BE IN THE SHEER ZONE RIGHT THERE.

>> THAT'S A TIP ON PLACING SHEAR BOLTS PROPERLY.

>> WE'LL SEE YOU NEXT WEEK ON SHOP STOP.

 

MARKET MONITOR

>>> THIS WEEK WE SAW OLD-CROP WHEAT JUMP 40 CENTS AND NEW-CROP UP 26 CENTS.

HERE TO HELP MAKE SENSE OF THAT AND WHY THAT'S HAPPENING, KIM ANDERSON, OUR GRAIN MARKETING SPECIALIST.

KIM, LET'S TALK ABOUT THE OVERALL SITUATION WITH WHEAT.

WHY ARE WE SEEING A RISE THIS WEEK?

>> I THINK WE'RE SEEING A RISE BECAUSE THE FUNDS ARE COVERING THEIR SHORT POSITIONS.

WE'VE BEEN TALKING ABOUT THAT FOR THE LAST SIX, EIGHT WEEKS, THAT THEY HAD NEAR RECORD SHORT POSITIONS IN WHEAT.

THEY'RE COVERING THE POSITIONS BY BUYING BOTH OLD CROP AND NEW CROP.

IT'S DRIVING THE PRICES HIGHER.

>> WHY THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE OLD AND NEW CROP, IN TERMS OF THE DIFFERENCE IN THE RISE?

>> I THINK WE'RE SEEING THE HIGHER NEW CROP -- AND WE'VE TALKED ABOUT THIS IN THE PAST, TOO -- WHEAT IS BEING USED IN THE ETHANOL PLANTS, THERE IS SOME CONCERN IN THE MARKET ABOUT THE RELATIVELY TIGHT WHEAT STOCKS MOVING INTO THAT, PLUS WHEAT EXPORTS HAVE BEEN GOOD OVER THE LAST MONTH OR SO.

>> ALL RIGHT.

TALK ABOUT THE CROP IN THE FIELD RIGHT NOW.

YOU'VE BEEN MAKING CALLS AROUND THE STATE TRYING TO GET A HANDLE ON CONDITION AND WHERE WE CAN GO FROM HERE.

TELL US WHAT YOU FOUND.

>> I DID A VERY UNSCIENTIFIC SURVEY.

I CALLED ELEVATOR MANAGERS FROM ALL OVER OKLAHOMA AND ASKED, "BASED ON WHAT YOU KNOW RIGHT NOW, AND TODAY'S CONDITIONS, WHAT PERCENT OF AVERAGE DO YOU THINK YOU'RE GOING TO TAKE IN AT HARVEST?"

NOW, THERE WERE SOME PLACES LIKE POND CREEK AND THAT AREA THERE WHERE THEY SAID ABOUT 60%.

BUT THE STATE AS A WHOLE SAID 75 TO 80% OF AVERAGE.

SOME PLACES THEY'RE LOOKING AT AVERAGE, AND SOME MORE THAN THAT, BUT RIGHT NOW IF YOU HAD TO GUESS, I WOULD SAY 75 TO 80% OF AN AVERAGE OKLAHOMA WHEAT CROP.

>> ALL DEPENDENT ON WEATHER.

>> ALL DEPENDENT ON WEATHER.

ONE ELEVATOR MANAGER AND PLANT-SOIL SCIENTIST TOLD ME THAT, GIVEN TODAY'S CONDITIONS, 80%, BUT THAT'S ASSUMING THAT WE'RE GOING TO CONTINUE TO GET MOISTURE.

HE SAYS HE'S GOT WHEAT THAT'S STRESSED RIGHT NOW.

HE THINKS IT'S GOING TO GET WARMER.

WE'RE GOING TO HAVE TROUBLE GETTING MOISTURE.

JUST LIKE WE'VE GOT NOW, WE'VE GOT CLOUDS AND WE DON'T HAVE ANY RAIN.

THAT'S THE CONCERN RIGHT NOW, IS THE STRESS TO THE WHEAT AND FINISHING OUT THE YEAR WITH TIMELY RAINS, AND THE ODDS ARE AGAINST THAT.

>> FINALLY, WE HAD A REPORT THIS WEEK ON EXPORTS FROM THE USDA.

WHAT DID WE SEE IN THERE?

>> WELL, WE SAW THE EXPORTS HAVE BEEN RELATIVELY GOOD FOR WHEAT.

THE OLD-CROP WHEAT WAS GOOD, MET THE EXPECTATIONS.

NEW-CROP WAS SLIGHTLY BELOW EXPECTATIONS, AND YOU CAN GO BACK TO THAT 46-CENT INCREASE FOR OLD-CROP AND 25, 26-CENT INCREASE FOR NEW-CROP, AND THAT MAY BE PART OF THAT REASON IN THERE, TOO.

>> GOOD INFORMATION AS ALWAYS.

KIM ANDERSON, OUR GRAIN MARKETING SPECIALIST HERE AT OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY.

 

COW-CALF CORNER

>>> WE HAVE OFTEN SAID ON THE COW-CALF CORNER THAT THE BODY CONDITION THAT THE COWS ARE IN AT CALVING TIME IS THE MOST IMPORTANT TIME OF THE YEAR.

I STILL THINK THAT'S TRUE.

BUT IT'S PROBABLY JUST ABOUT AS IMPORTANT WHAT HAPPENS BETWEEN THE TIME OF CALVING AND THE START OF THE BREEDING SEASON IN TERMS OF THE BODY CONDITION OF THOSE COWS.

WE NEED TO TRY TO KEEP ENOUGH NUTRITION GOING INTO THOSE COWS BETWEEN CALVING AND THE BREEDING SEASON SO THEY MAINTAIN THE BODY CONDITION THAT THEY HAVE AT CALVING TIME.

THERE WAS A REALLY IMPORTANT STUDY DONE HERE AT OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY BACK IN THE '80s THAT TOOK A LOOK AT WHAT THE EFFECT WOULD BE OF BODY-CONDITION CHANGE, AFTER CALVING GOING INTO THE BREEDING SEASON, ON THE UPCOMING PREGNANCY RATE OF THOSE COWS.

THEY LOOKED AT A SET OF COWS THAT WENT INTO THE WINTER AT ABOUT A MID .5 IN OUR 1-THROUGH-9 SCALE.

AND THEY MAINTAINED THE BODY CONDITION ON THOSE COWS CLEAR TO CALVING TIME IN FEBRUARY AND MARCH SO THEY WERE STILL ABOUT A 5.4 AT CALVING TIME.

HALF THE COWS WERE FED TO MAINTAIN THAT BODY CONDITION TO THE BREEDING SEASON.

THE OTHER HALF WERE ALLOWED TO LOSE NEARLY ONE FULL BODY CONDITION BETWEEN CALVING AND THE BREEDING SEASON.

THE DIFFERENCE WAS RATHER DRAMATIC.

THE COWS THAT MAINTAINED BODY CONDITION ALL THE WAY RE-BRED AT A VERY GOOD 94% RATE.

HOWEVER, THOSE COWS THAT WERE ALLOWED TO LOSE A BODY-CONDITION SCORE BETWEEN CALVING AND THE BREEDING SEASON ONLY RE-BRED AT A 73% RATE, AND THE DIFFERENCE THERE IS A RATHER SIZEABLE 21% DIFFERENCE IN THE NUMBER OF CALVES AVAILABLE FOR SALE THE NEXT YEAR.

SO AS WE'RE GOING THROUGH THE LAST PART OF THE CALVING SEASON, IN THE SPRING, HEADING TOWARD THE BREEDING SEASON, LET'S TRY TO KEEP THE NUTRITION OF THESE COWS UP SO WE CAN MAINTAIN BODY CONDITION.

HOPEFULLY WE STILL HAVE SOME HAY LEFT SO WE CAN KEEP HAY IN FRONT OF THESE COWS AND CONTINUE TO GIVE A HIGH-ENERGY SUPPLEMENT.

IT MAY TAKE SIX OR SEVEN POUNDS PER HEAD PER DAY, IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN BODY CONDITION.

I KNOW THAT FEED'S EXPENSIVE, BUT NOT NEARLY AS EXPENSIVE AS LOSING 21% OF THE FOLLOWING YEAR'S CALF CROP.

KEEP THIS IN MIND AS WE'RE GOING THROUGH THIS CALVING SEASON AND THIS SPRING, AND YOU'LL HAVE A BETTER BEED-UP NEXT FALL.

WE LOOK FORWARD TO VISITING WITH YOU AGAIN NEXT WEEK ON SUNUP'S COW-CALF CORNER.

 

BEEF QUALITY SUMMIT

>>> FINALLY TODAY, WE'RE TALKING ABOUT BEEF QUALITY AND A HANDS-ON CLASS THAT TAKES PRODUCERS ALL THE WAY FROM THE PASTURE TO THE PLATE AND EVERY STEP IN BETWEEN.

RICHARD MYERS KNOWS HOW TO RAISE CATTLE.

>> I'M A RANCH MANAGER.

WE HAVE ABOUT 300 OR 400 MAMA COWS.

>> Reporter: RICHARD IS TAKING A BREAK FROM THE RANCH IN SEMINOLE COUNTY, OKLAHOMA, TO LEARN HOW TO TURN A BEEF CARCASS INTO RETAIL CUTS.

>> THERE IS A LOT MORE SCIENCE TO IT THAN I HAD ANY IDEA BEFORE TODAY.

THERE'S DEFINITELY AN ART AND A SCIENCE TO NOT WASTING THE MEAT, TO GETTING ALL THAT YOU CAN.

>> Reporter: THAT SCIENCE IS THE FOUNDATION OF THE BEEF QUALITY SUMMIT THAT TAKES PLACE TWICE A YEAR AT THE ROBERT M. KERR FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS CENTER ON THE OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY CAMPUS.

>> THE INTENT IS TO CONDENSE THE ENTIRE BEEF INDUSTRY INTO ABOUT 2-1/2 DAYS, AND WHEN I SAY THE ENTIRE BEEF INDUSTRY, THAT MEANS UNDERSTANDING AND DISCUSSING AND TALKING ABOUT ALL THE SECTORS OF THE BEEF INDUSTRY -- SEED STOCK, COW-CALF, ALL THE WAY TO THE OTHER END OF THE SPECTRUM, WHERE WE'RE LOOKING AT FINISHED PRODUCTS.

>> Reporter: THE GOAL: TO TEACH PRODUCERS VALUE-ADDED PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES SO THEY CAN RAISE ANIMALS WORTH MORE TO THE INDUSTRY AT THE END OF THE LINE.

>> WE'RE ABLE TO TAKE LIVE ANIMALS AND TAKE THEM RIGHT DOWN TO THE RETAIL CUT, AND THEY CAN ACTUALLY SEE VALUE WHERE IT'S LOST, WHERE IT'S GAINED, AND IT'S BEEN A GREAT EDUCATIONAL TOOL.

>> Reporter: AT FIRST, SPECIALISTS GEARED THE CLASS TOWARD RANCHERS LIKE RICHARD, BUT THAT'S CHANGED OVER THE YEARS.

>> SINCE THEN, WE'VE BROUGHT IN RESTAURATEURS, FOOD SERVICE PEOPLE, COUNTY EXTENSION AGENTS, COUNTY BEEF GROUPS, WHATEVER, AND WE HAVE BROUGHT THEM IN TO BASICALLY TAKE THEM THROUGH THE PROCESS OF LOOKING AT WHERE PREMIUMS ARE, WHERE DISCOUNTS ARE, THE QUALITY OF THE PRODUCT, THE MEAT YIELD OF THE PRODUCT, AND THIS HAS BEEN A GREAT EDUCATIONAL TOOL FOR EVERYONE CONCERNED.

>> AS ONE OF MY BOARD MEMBERS SAID, WHO HAS ATTENDED THE EVENT, SAID IT'S THE MOST EDUCATIONAL 2-1/2 DAYS HE'S EVER SPENT IN EDUCATIONAL SEMINARS WITHIN THE BEEF INDUSTRY.

WE THINK IT HELPS BRIDGE THAT GAP.

THEY GET TO SEE WHAT HAPPENS TO THAT END PRODUCT.

THEY ALSO GET A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT HAPPENS IN MY ON-FARM PRACTICES, WHAT AM I DOING ON FARM, AND HOW DOES THAT ULTIMATELY IMPACT THE QUALITY OF THAT PRODUCT.

BUT AT THE SAME TIME, I GET TO MEET WITH RETAILERS AND FOOD-SERVICE OPERATORS THAT ALSO PARTICIPATE IN THE PROCESS SO THEY CAN SEE HOW MUCH WHAT THEY DO MATTERS TO THAT ULTIMATE END USER, THE CONSUMER.

>> Reporter: AND ULTIMATELY GIVE EVERYONE INVOLVED A BETTER PICTURE OF THE BEEF INDUSTRY AS A WHOLE, ESPECIALLY AT THE END OF THIS CARCASS CLASS.

>> THEY COME OUT OF THAT THREE-HOUR EXERCISE WHERE IT'S ABOUT 35 DEGREES, AND THEY'RE JUST WORN OUT.

THEY HAVE AN APPRECIATION FOR THE PACKING SECTOR.

WHEREAS, BEFORE, A LOT OF FOLKS -- THE PACKING SECTOR WAS VAGUE AND KIND OF SHROUDED IN SECRECY.

NOW THAT THEY CAN SEE IT AND PARTICIPATE IN IT, THEIR RESPECT FOR THAT INDUSTRY, AND FOR THOSE FOLKS THAT RECEIVE THEIR CATTLE, THAT APPRECIATION ELEVATES.

>> WHEN YOU COME IN AND LOOK AT IT FROM ANOTHER SIDE, AS FAR AS THE PROCESSOR, THE PACKER, OR THE CONSUMER, IT OPENS YOUR EYES TO SEE IT A DIFFERENT WAY.

>> THIS WHOLE PROCESS OVER THE LAST DECADE OR SO HAS BEEN A GREAT CHANGE IN TERMS OF THE WAY WE PRODUCE BEEF IN OKLAHOMA.

 

>> Reporter: THE NEXT BEEF-QUALITY SUMMIT IS SET FOR THE FALL ON CAMPUS AT OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY.

YOU CAN FIND MORE ON OUR WEBSITE, SUNUP.OKSTATE.EDU.

>>> THIS THAT DOES IT FOR US THIS WEEK.

YOU CAN SEE US ANYTIME ONLINE, ALSO ON YOUTUBE, FACEBOOK, AND TWITTER.

I'M LYNDALL STOUT.

HAVE A GREAT WEEK, EVERYONE, AND WE'LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME AT SUNUP.

(CAPTIONING PROVIDED BY CAPTION SOLUTIONS, LLC WWW.CAPTIONSOLUTIONS.COM) 

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