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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for August 22, 2020

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Tepary Beans - A New Forage for Oklahoma?
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Managing Wildlife Feed Plots
  • Extension Explains – Ponds
  • Market Monitor
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Livestock Marketing
  • Food Whys

 

(upbeat music)

>>> Hello everyone, and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We begin today talking about forage,

which plays a crucial role

in Oklahoma's multi billion- dollar livestock industry.

Research is underway on a new option.

Here's signups Dave Deken

and our extension forage system specialist,

Dr. Alex Rocateli.

 

Tepary Beans - A New Forage for Oklahoma?

>>> Cover crops are essential to many of the forage systems

here in Oklahoma.

Alex, you guys are doing some research into a crop

that has been on the North American continent before

but is being researched here in Oklahoma.

>>> Right, so we are researching tepary beans

as a cover crop and also as a forage

or not why we can say both of them at the same time, right?

So that tepary beans, it's unbelievable

when I would say about that,

but this is originated

here in South-Western United States,

North-Western Mexico around the Arizona,

New Mexico border with Mexico.

But that was important, imported, I'm sorry,

to Africa, and there they are producing beans,

eating the beans and also using the forage,

what remains to feed animals like cattle.

So, it work pretty well there.

You can see that it's a very leafy material, right?

And we have also nice stems that's not very well lignified,

that means, less lignin that means

that it has a high digestibility.

So it looks like to be a very good candidate

as a forage during this time of the year that we know

that we don't have much rain,

bermuda grasses doing not so good,

alfalfa looks flaccid.

So that can be a saver for producers.

>>> This plant is actually, it has a short growing season,

it can actually potentially be kind of wedged

in between some of the winter crops.

>>> Exactly, exactly, right.

So, believe it or not, we've planted that around June 21.

What you are seeing here is growth of 55 days.

So that's what we get here.

And right now, based on research that we had done in past,

I can assume that we have here about 2.5 tones per acre,

I would say 5000 pounds of forage per acre,

and the crude protein of that right now,

I would guess around 20-21%

and TDN of 65 to 68.

In other words, a very good forage.

And we just came and prepared the seed bed

on this area and the area also.

And, we planted and look what we got with no herbicide use,

and if you just left the fallow without any management,

look what we are getting there, right?

So you can see that we really can have good growth,

wait for this plant,

and just we've so far six inches of water.

>>> Yeah, there's been some of your research partners

that have worked with you in developing

this to get to this stage.

>>> So, yeah, I have partnered in the last two years

with the Grazing Lands Research Laboratory in Reno.

And we had done research for two years,

and we found a tremendous good results.

And we just found out that

this plant is very drought-tolerant,

and even more drought tolerant

than all other legumes well known

by being drought-tolerant such as watts,

and also being short cycle

after we have all the last rainfalls

in summer to butt into the ground

and produces about 30 to 50% more forage than other legumes.

So that's why I am putting my cards on these crops

to study in future.

And we hope that in next years we are going

to have a management developed

for using this clover forage here in Oklahoma.

>>> Thank you very much Dr. Alex Rocatelli,

board system specialist here at Oklahoma State University.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesnet Weather

>>> Hi, I'm Wes Lee and welcome to the Mesonet weather report.

We saw some beautiful sunny weather this past week,

but some in the West would have gladly traded that in

for a good rain.

souls are quickly drying up in areas

that have missed out on recent precipitation.

This map shows the weekly change

in the 10 inch fractional water index

as of the middle of the week.

The brown show drying conditions

and the green show areas that have gotten wetter.

Obviously, the browns dominate on this map.

The actual index numbers at 10 inches

show just where rain is most needed in the state.

Remember zero is the driest end of the scale

and one is the wettest.

The numbers in the red areas

range from zero to .2,

the green areas are in much better shape.

It is the same story when we look at different depths.

At 24 inches much of the same western counties

are showing up as red or less than .2.

At a shallower level of four inches,

it mirrors the 10 inch numbers.

However, we start to see even more of the 0.0

numbers indicating very dry conditions.

Mesonet also has a four inch sensor

under bare soil conditions.

Surprisingly here,

where no plants have transpired the moisture,

the situation looks much better.

Next up is Gary with the latest on the drought maps.

 

>>> Thanks Wes, and good morning everyone.

Well, the rains will slow down a little bit,

but we still got enough to

alleviate some of those drought problems

across the state,

but unfortunately, other areas didn't get nearly enough

and we're starting to see some worsening

in those other areas.

Let's take a look at the latest Drought Monitor Map

and see what we have.

Well, as you can see,

still the same basic picture.

We did get rid of the drought up in Northeast Oklahoma,

a little bit of the drought up in far Northwest Oklahoma,

basically parts of Harper and Woodward counties.

We still have the moderate to severe drought

scattered about the Panhandle,

and then we see another area of extreme drought,

that's the red area down in far Southwest Oklahoma

starting to encroach on our state from Texas.

So that's the beginning area of the worsening drought.

So that's an area we're gonna have to watch.

That shows up pretty well on the

Mesonet 30-day rainfall map.

We see there's a wonderful areas of rains

across parts of North Central down into Central Oklahoma

and in across parts of Eastern Oklahoma,

those are your yellows and reds and oranges.

Basically from four to eight inches

even a little bit more in some cases,

four to eight inches of rainfall,

nine and 10 and over in parts of Eastern Oklahoma.

But then we see down across far Southwest Oklahoma,

Altus only received

.91 inches,

so that's certainly a problem.

That shows up once again when we go to the

percent of normal rainfall map for last 30 days

from the Oklahoma Mesonet.

Again, down in southwest Oklahoma,

Jackson and Tillman counties, less than half

normal rainfall for the last 30 days.

So the rains have slowed down

and if we look at into early next week

we see from the Climate Prediction Center

the outlook for the precipitation

does show increased odds of below normal precipitation

across the entire state.

So we will not see many drought

Long term improvements as we get into next week's map.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet weather report.

 

Managing Wildlife Feed Plots

>>> Many hunters have September 1st circled on their calendars

and it won't be long now

that's the opening day of dove season.

Today, Signup's Kurtis Hare learns about food plots

which are a popular way to attract doves to your land.

>>> [Kurtis] At first glance,

it appears to be just another burnt barren field.

But with a little closer look,

you'll notice this land is essentially a five star buffet

for a popular game bird.

>>> So dove is actually the second most abundant bird

in North America, over 300 million doves,

it's very common bird, large bag limits,

it's usually the first season that opens every year,

so it's kind of a big tradition

for people to think about going out in September

and hunting, it's a social event.

The main thing you need to realize about dove is

they eat grain.

>>> [Kurtis] Whether it's soybean,

millet, sunflower, or wheat,

the main food source for dove is grain,

and growing these crops to attract these birds

and other game animals is a popular method in hunting.

>>> But the grain has to be available on

relatively bare ground.

They're not gonna dig through vegetation.

So not only do we have to produce the grain,

but we have to manipulate the site

in such a way that the dove can access it

on pretty exposed surfaces.

>>> [Kurtis] There are several ways

to manipulate the plot for grain access.

You can mow, burn or do both.

>>> And in this particular wheat plot,

the mowing and the burning works best.

but it requires more effort.

If you just burn,

the seed doesn't necessarily shatter as much as you'd like,

but you do have bare ground.

If you just mow the seed is very shattered and distributed

but you have a lot of litter,

and in some places the dove can't access the grain.

>>> This field will be ready for dove season next month.

But getting to this point is a long process.

You don't just come out throw some seed in the ground,

sit back and wait till summer to burn and mow,

you have to manage the crop.

>>> So

actually even before planning,

it's really important to

get out there and get a soil sample.

Irregard less whether you're a farmer or food plot manager,

the soil is an extremely important aspect of growing

a good food source for whether it's livestock or wildlife,

really it is.

Phosphorus is another critical nutrient

because it establishes a good root.

And we're wanting these plants to grow

in some potentially marginal soil conditions

and definitely some marginal environments

because we may be without rain.

So establishing a good root on that plant

is really important.

>>> [Kurtis] It's also important to manage wildlife

during the growing season.

Along with wheat,

Dwayne and Brian

also planted sorghum and sunflower in this field.

But these crops didn't last long.

>>> But on this particular site,

we have a really high deer density.

And the deer wipe the millet out.

So we have no millet.

Also the sunflower has been severely impacted.

Soybean is another one that deer issues can be

really problematic on.

So if you're planning any of those three, millet,

and particularly sunflower and soybean,

you need to think about planting very large acreages,

at least five acres,

but probably 10 acres or more.

>>> [Narrator] Once the crop matures,

spraying it with Glyphosate will help dry it down

before the manipulation process.

Although food plots require a lot of time and management,

the returns are great for landowners and hunters.

>>> For every four or five Ag producers I consult with,

I consult with one at wildlife food plot,

either an owner or leaser.

>>> You know don't have to plan anything,

but certainly if you want to hunt

with a large group of people,

having a prepared field like this,

that has a lot of grain that you can draw doves in,

is really beneficial to get huge numbers of birds.

(upbeat music)

>>> For more information on managing food plots,

go to our website, sunup.okstate.ddu

I'm Curtis Hair

(upbeat music)

 

Extension Explains – Ponds

>>> The unsung hero of the Oklahoma landscape,

is the pond.

There are so many of them

that we often don't take notice of them,

but, they do a lot for us.

At last count, there were over 326,000 of them.

We're the number one state in ponds per square mile,

in the entire country.

Walk down any country lane,

or through any city park, and you'll discover ponds.

Ponds built for a variety of purposes.

Beef cattle are vital to the economy of Oklahoma,

and water is vital to beef cattle.

Overwhelmingly, cattle get their water from ponds.

Even the most utilitarian pond

can be managed for fishing, waterfowl and wildlife.

If that's among your objectives

and you devote time and energy towards that end.

And don't overlook beauty.

Look at any countryside scene

and your eyes are immediately drawn to the water.

You can't find a housing development being built

without a pond.

They're not just there to look good,

they're primarily there to capture runoff,

and retain it and release it slowly,

to reduce downstream flooding.

And we don't often think about it,

but ponds are an important source of water

for fighting wildfires,

and protecting homes, barns and properties.

Whether they're protecting us from floods and fires,

or feeding our bodies, souls and pocketbooks,

ponds are one of Oklahoma's most important resources.

If you live in Oklahoma

and you don't have access to a pond,

you're underprivileged.

(upbeat music)

 

Market Monitor

>>> Kim Anderson our crop marketing specialist joins us now,

Kim, why don't we kick things off,

looking at where the Crop market stand?

>>> Well, let's start with wheat,

you go down South Snyder area around $4 and 15 cents.

If you come North up at Medford in that area,

it's right at $4, maybe just a little about that.

If you look at forward contracting out to the 21 crop,

it's $4 and 42 cents,

And we've had about a 25 cent increase in wheat prices,

over the last couple of weeks,

you look corn, for forward contract

it's, the basis is at minus 26 off that December contract.

Prices around $3 and 16 cents a bushel,

and we've had a 15 cent price increase in corn lately.

Milo, now that's the story.

That basis is 50 over.

We got China in buying Milo,

and that Milo price is $3 and 92 cents

compared to 3.16 for corn.

Boy, I wish I'd have raised milo

instead of corn this year.

Soybeans, minus 75 cent basis.

We've had about a 40 cent price increase in beans,

with the price somewhere around 8.40,

And cotton's just been flat at around 60 cents.

>>> Harvest is about to wrap up in the United States

for hard red winter wheat.

What is your take on the price outlook?

>>> Not very good, you look at the USDA,

they're predicting an average annual price

of $4 and 50 cents a bushel.

The last five years,

Oklahoma prices average 32 cents a bushel

below the USDA price.

That puts our projected average annual price

at $4.18 cents.

The average price in June was 4.26, July was 4.12,

August is around 3.90.

So the outlook is for, I think,

slightly higher prices as we go out into the fall,

but not very much movement in it.

If you look out over the say the next five years,

both the USDA

and the Policy Research Institute at Missouri

project prices to be somewhere between $4 and 50 cents,

to $5 on the average for the next five years.

>>> What does this outlook maybe imply about production?

>>> Well, it implies that you've got to take a strong look

at your cost to production

and that there's some wheat fields

that just don't need to be produced.

If you can't produce wheat for $5 a bushel,

and that's the top side of this forecast,

then you need to be producing something else on that land.

I think producers need to concentrate on costs,

they need to concentrate on yields

and they need to concentrate on quality.

>>> What about the price outlooks for summer crops?

>>> Well, if you look at the summer crops,

I think there's some potential in corn and soybeans.

China is the answer there.

China's been buying beans lately,

and when they come in and buy corn,

then we're gonna have a rally in prices,

but it's totally and completely dependent upon,

I think what China does,

some on the corn crops and in the Southern hemisphere

and in Ukraine.

But China's is the big determinant of our price

and who knows what China's going to do.

If you look at cotton,

cotton, has lower production this year lower any stocks,

but there's not cotton prices just look flat

until something happens.

>>> With all this in mind, what should farmers do

to plan ahead?

>>> Well, I think they've got to take a strong look at

how they're using their land.

I know I've heard some landlords are saying that,

we're not gonna do summer crops.

we're gonna go back to wheat,

but if you go back to wheat,

make sure you can produce it for less than $5 a bushel.

>>> Okay, Kim, thanks a lot.

We'll see you next week.

(upbeat music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> As we move through the month of August,

we're obviously getting closer to sale dates for calves

that we'll be weaning this late summer

and into the fall period.

If you're one of those that is looking at the possibility

of selling your spring born calves

in a value-added calf sale,

I really think you want to be paying close attention

to the weaning dates that'll be required

for those value-added calf sales.

Most value-added calf sales will require the calves

be weaned a minimum of 45 days.

And as some producers, they may wonder why,

why do we have to have them weaned that long?

Wouldn't a shorter time frame do just the same?

Well, again, let's go back to the research and take a look.

Iowa State did a study over a nine year period of time,

2000 head of calves that they had enrolled

in one of their feedlot test programs.

And they monitored, among other things,

how well the calves did, depending upon how long

they had been weaned before

they were shipped to the feedlot.

They basically broke the group down for statistical purposes

into calves that had been weaned 30 days or less,

or longer than 30 days.

What they found was those two groups

had a substantial difference in health

once they got to their destination.

28% of the calves that had been weaned less than 30 days

showed some signs of sickness and had to be treated

once they got to the feedlot.

Less than half of that, 13% of the calves,

that had been weaned longer than 30 days

was all that needed to be treated.

But the story doesn't stop there,

as they examined how many of these calves

needed to have not only one, two but three treatments

in order to get over the disease.

They found that those calves that were shipped,

less than 30 days, there is 6% of those

that required three treatments or more.

Where only 1% of the calves that were weaned after 30 days

required three or more treatments.

In fact, as they look back,

those calves that were weaned less than 30 days

had as many treatments, in order to get over

whatever morbidity they had,

as did calves that were weaned on the trailer,

on the way to town.

So, I think you can see from this big data set,

that calves need to be weaned more than 30 days.

So that's why that 45 is a real good number

to assure that these calves are ready to go

before they're shipped through the marketing system

and onto either a wheat pasture or into a feedlot.

That's why those buyers are willing to pay more,

pay a premium for calves that have been through

one of these VAC 45 programs.

I encourage you to go to the SUNUP website,

sunup.okstate.edu, look under Show Links,

we've got a link there to the OQBN website,

and it's got all the sale dates

and the corresponding weaning dates,

for those sales coming up this fall.

And other information to help you understand

the Value-Added Calf program.

I think that that's some things you want to consider

as you're marketing those calves this fall.

We look forward to visiting with you again,

next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

(upbeat music)

 

Livestock Marketing

>>> Can't believe it but Labor Day is almost here

and Derrel that's usually, traditionally,

the end of the summer grilling season.

>>> That's right, you know, we think about this

as kind of the end of summer beef demand and, you know,

we've probably seen most of the buying

for Labor Day passed at this point.

We've had a nice run-up in boxed beef prices

over the last month, and that's probably going to top out

or pull back just a little bit as we go forward.

>>> What does that mean for fall demand?

>>> Well, fall beef demand means a transition

to a different kind of demand.

Really, when you think about the product mix,

as we get into the fall, we'll see a little more demand,

cooler weather will bring on more interest in roast

Crock Pot cooking, that kind of thing.

So we'll see some of those products begin to kick in

and actually as we get more into the winter,

that's normally kind of prime time for restaurants.

And so, we see our state demand kick up

in the fall or as we go through the fall.

And so, that's one of the things we got to keep an eye on

as we go forward.

Food service, obviously, is still struggling,

only slowly coming back online.

And so, if there's that weakness there,

that slowness there may really translate

into some more noticeable beef demand issues,

as we get into the fall.

>>> Now you were talking about demand there,

we had quite a supply backlog earlier this year

has that kind of leveled out yet?

>>> In terms of the fed cattle backlog,

yeah I think we're getting closer to the end of that

actually a little bit faster

than I would have predicted at one point.

The indications are we've seen a nice run up

in fed cattle prices in the last couple of three weeks.

You know, boxed beef going higher helped that certainly.

But overall, the supplies are getting back more in line

with that demand and so I think we're

through the bulk of that

and we can move to more kind of seasonal kind of behavior

as we get into the fall.

>>> What do you foretell

the fall looking like for cattle producers?

>>> You know at this point, we're kind of seeing some optimism

and I think, you know, justified optimism,

cow-calf producers in particular can kind of think

about getting back to following through with your plans.

These calf prices have increased a little bit this summer.

The future's market would suggest

they actually have the potential

to go a little bit higher this fall, at least stay steady

and not see the normal kind of seasonal decline.

And so you know, it probably won't be a banner year

by any means but it could be an okay-year.

Going forward you know,

if you look at some of the stoker budgets for fall

and winter, actually show some potential at this point

and that may mean the cow-calf producers

also wanna evaluate a retained ownership

or a back grounding kind of a thing.

So I would say there's lots of opportunities out there.

There's a lot of uncertainties still that could affect us

so you have to keep an eye on that and sort of stay nimble.

But I think you proceed with plans

kind of as you anticipated.

>>> Well on the back of that, we're gonna wait

for wheat planting. How do you think

that could impact cattle production as we move forward?

>>> Well you know certainly in the Southern Plains

when we see if we have a good fall,

early fall planting season,

then that will simulate additional demand for those calves.

So from a cow-calf stand point, it may help do

what I just said

and support those calf prices into the fall.

And again, the budgets right now

based on the future's markets

would suggest there's some potential there.

So I think there will be some interest in that

and the conditions look somewhat favorable right now

for getting that wheat planted.

>>> Okay. Thank you very much Dr. Derrll Peel,

Livestock Marketing Specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(bright upbeat music)

 

 

Food Whys

>>> Today, I thought I'd share a little bit of information

about the creation of ready to eat breakfast cereal.

Cold ready to eat breakfast cereal

was invented in the United States by Dr. James Caleb Jackson

He opened the Jackson Sanatorium in Dansville New York

in 1859 where patients received counseling on

how to live a healthy lifestyle.

Additionally, Dr. Jackson served his patients

specially formulated foods that he thought

would promote health. One of these foods created in 1863

was gram flour that had been mixed with water

and baked into thick sheets

which were then broken into small pieces and baked again.

This collection of small, brittle, rock-hard pieces

was called granula. A food that had to be soaked over night

in milk before it could be eaten

and thus the first ready to eat breakfast cereal was born.

However Jackson was not alone in his quest

to improve people's health.

Dr. John Harvey Kellogg was a surgeon

and like Jackson, was deeply into physical fitness.

He served as the head doctor at the Medical

and Surgical Sanatorium in Battle Creek Michigan

where he also advised his patients on health

and healthy lifestyles. It seems that he found inspiration

in the work of Dr. Jackson

and created his own ready to eat cereal.

Thus the second breakfast was born.

Unfortunately Kellogg also decided to call his creation,

granula. Obviously, this didn't sit well with Jackson

who sued Kellogg and won.

Kellogg then changed the name of his cereal to granola.

So the next time you're enjoying

that bowl of cereal on Saturday morning,

remember to thank Dr. Jackson and Dr. Kellogg.

For more information, please visit sunup.okstate.edu

or fapc.biz

(bright upbeat music)

 

>>> That will do it for us this week.

Remember you can find us anytime online

at sunup.okstate.edu and also follow us on YouTube

and social media. I'm Lyndall Stout.

Have a great week everyone

and remember Oklahoma agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(bright upbeat music) 

 

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