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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for August 15, 2020

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Census Reminder
  • The Benefits of Canola
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • CFAP Deadlines Approach
  • Grasshoppers & Crops
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Market Monitor and Vet Script

  

(upbeat music)

>>> Hello Everyone, and welcome to SUNUP

I'm Lyndall Stout.

Even with everything that's going on in the world right now,

the U.S. census is still moving forward.

Today Doctor Larry Sanders,

our OSU Extension Ag Policy Specialist

tells us how Oklahomans are still being counted.

 

Census Reminder

>>> Well, it's been exciting time

for counting heads for the 2020 census.

This is a number that is going to have to last for 10 years

and it's especially important to everybody in Oklahoma,

because for all the federal programs

that people living in Oklahoma benefit from,

they will have a formula that they determine

how much federal money will be distributed.

So, whether we're talking about money

that comes to support our fire departments,

our police departments, our schools,

our colleges, our roads, our bridges,

you know, libraries, you name it.

When the federal government sits down at a table,

literally, and, or on a computer and runs these formulas,

they will pull that number out

that they are determining right now

by literally going out and counting

each one of our heads and our kids' heads

and our parents' heads and our aunts and our uncles

and our neighbors and they'll determine

how much of that money can go to our town,

our city, our region, our state,

and that's the amount of money we'll get from them.

They can take the survey that they may have gotten

in the mail, fill it out, seal it up,

send it back.

Doesn't need a postage stamp.

They have hired thousands of counters

and they are literally going out

and knocking on doors in our communities.

They've either gotten to your door already

and you may have talked to them,

or if they haven't, they're on their way.

(upbeat music)

 

The Benefits of Canola

>>> It's almost time to start planting those Winter crops.

And Josh, one of the crops

that has been overlooked over past few years

is a great rotational crop to help clean up wheat,

we call it canola.

>>> We do call it canola, Dave.

It's been that way for a long time,

but yeah, it's still a great crop.

You know, our acres have gone down

in recent years, due to a couple of reasons.

However, we see that the folks that planted it last year

are kind of in that situation again of,

you know am I gonna go back to it

because it served its purpose and it did so well last years.

>>> People often look at it for this oil seed purpose

but it's actually an opportunity for producers

to come through and clean up fields with grasses.

>>> Yeah, it's a great crop, great oil seed crop

still got a decent market for prices

looking a little bit better.

However I always go back to what, you know

Tom peeper, you know, great weed scientists in Oklahoma,

always used to say, it's the best herbicide

you can bring to a wheat field.

And that's true.

It's all about, being able to rotate those chemistries

if you can find the seed getting glyphosate into the MiGs,

being able to focus with some more of those graminicide,

herbicides, because we can put those

over the top of canola and just a great reason for it

to still be in our more continual wheat systems.

>>> Now that's looking at some of the upcoming Winter crops.

How are the Summer crops progressing

across the state generically?

>>> I think we've said it the last couple years

is what mile marker are you at?

And that's kinda of where we're still at.

The kind of the doldrums of Summer hit some areas

a lot harder than some other areas.

However, we were so dry going into that

that in some areas virtually none of that's left

plus the fact that we're still a hundred degrees

in some areas of the state,

It just doesn't hold on long.

And so in some of those areas,

we are getting fairly dry still yet again,

in some areas we look great.

And some of our best looking crops,

even though we've been hot and we've missed some rainfalls,

our evening temperatures have been fairly modest.

We've been in the 60s and 70s

for the bulk majority of the Summer and most of our state

and so we are still seeing a lot of positives

of getting some good growth during the day

but really cooling off in the evenings.

And with those timely rains,

we've been getting over the last like five to six weeks

have really started to help.

Some of the crops that were starting

to work their way backwards, are coming out of it.

Like I said, unfortunately, in some of those areas,

we were almost too far gone when we started getting

those rains.

>>> And also we're approaching

the final run for progress

in many of those crops too.

>>> Yeah I expect to see some combines

start rolling through the field,

whether be corn,

we definitely have some corn that's at black layer.

We might even see some fields this week,

go into the bin on corn,

that real early planted corn.

Some of our sorghum variety trials out in the state

have already hit black layer,

we're looking at desiccation of those.

So we should be rolling combines through a lot

of the sorghum fields in the next two to three weeks.

Things like our soybean crop, or bean crop, or Sesame crop,

and some of those are a little far off,

but some of these

really early planted grain crops,

we're getting really close to.

But, I mean we are in the second week of August,

So it's time.

It's kinda funny because,

2020 was almost the year that everyone forgot

and we've progressed through the summer really fast.

And it's about time for fall,

so it's about time to start harvesting those crops,

and it's a good thing

we're talking about canola cause it's,

the best time to start getting ground ready

for our winter crops.

>>> Okay. Thank you very much Dr. Josh Lofton,

cropping system specialist

here at Oklahoma state university.

(acoustic music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> Here we are in the middle of August,

and just a couple of weeks away from,

the start of the fall calving season.

And in fact, some of the research

done here at Oklahoma State University a number of years ago

indicates that start of the fall calving season

may be closer than we think.

You see research that was done here,

looked at the impact of hot weather,

during late gestation on its effect on gestation length.

You know that when you look at the tables

that you find printed in the books or the fact sheets

that the average gestation length

of cattle is about 283 days.

And so, if you're thinking that,

I plan the breeding program

so that the calving would start around the 1st of September,

you may be in for a bit of a surprise.

Dr. Weideman here at Oklahoma State,

a number of years ago,

took 60 herd of Angus and Angus Hereford crossbred cows,

broke them into half,

So that 30 of the cows, were bred to calve

starting in August and into September.

The other half were bred to calve

in cooler weather, October and November.

He did that for two consecutive years.

The first year, the cows that calved,

in the heat of the summer

where the average high temperature that year

was about 93 degrees, the week before calving started,

they had six days shorter.

Average gestation length.

Then did their counterparts that calved in cooler weather,

the weather at that time being about 66 degrees fahrenheit,

during October and November.

He did the same thing the following year,

and the difference then was four days.

So if we put the two data sets together,

we can say that on the average,

it looks like cows that are going to calve

after the hot part of summer

are going to calve on the average about five days sooner,

than what we might predict

in terms of looking at the table in the book.

So I think that that means that,

instead of waiting until the 1st of September

to start doing your heifer checks at night,

to see which ones might need your assistance,

we better start at least five,

if not close to 10 days before that.

We know there'll be some variation,

around the average,

there'll always be a few that come early

no matter what season of the year,

so we better expect to have a few of these calve,

before we have that expected calving date of September 1st.

So let's look at these cattle a little bit sooner,

perhaps we can save just a few more calves,

and help our bottom line.

Hey we look forward to visiting

with you again next week on signups,

"Cow-calf corner."

 

CFAP Deadlines Approaches

>>> We are joined now by Dr. Amy Hagerman

our extension Ag policy specialist.

Amy, there is a deadline coming up

that we need to talk about.

>>> Absolutely the Corona virus food assistance program.

We've been hearing about it since may when it first opened,

and I would really encourage

all of our producers to figure out

what they have that's eligible,

and if they are eligible contact their FSA office,

get in, get this application in,

because it's really short and it's pretty fast.

>>> You are wanting to speak specifically to cattle producers.

What message do you have for them?

>>> So for our cattle producers in the state,

these are really some fairly high payments

for any inventory that was sold,

January 15th to April 15th.

And so it's a one page application,

figure out if the cattle you sold

are eligible in that period.

Then from April 15th,

until May 15th, is based on inventory at $33 a head.

But still even if you only have inventory,

across that entire period,

get your application in,

get yourself in the CFAP system.

Because if we do get some further funding

out of the HEALS bill,

or some of these other bills

that have been introduced at the federal level,

that could speed up the next process the next round.

It's been really fast payments on this program,

about a week turnaround in some counties.

And that's really fast,

from the time you turn in your paperwork,

it's all self certification,

you fill out your application,

you're self certifying what your numbers are,

that you're turning in,

and about a week later

people have payments in their bank accounts.

And that's great, especially kind of going

into this fall timing when there's some expenses

that might be coming around,

it's good to have that fast payment.

We've actually had a lot of cattle producers

in the state that haven't taken advantage

of this at this point.

Based on LFP numbers,

there's maybe as many as 10,000

cattle producers out there,

that could be eligible for this program,

that haven't signed up yet.

So those cattle producers in particular,

I would really love to see them

get in and talk to their FSA office.

>>> We're talking cattle, but any updates

for crop producers at this time?

>>> So a lot of our crop producers didn't have

eligible inventory for the CFAP program

for our soybean and our corn producers.

A lotta that crop was already sold by that

January 15th timeline.

We don't yet know what those deadlines will be

going into the second, potentially,

the second round of CFAP money, so those crop producers

really need to stay tuned on what the updates would be

for them going forward.

As this program potentially expands based on the

HEALS Act that was introduced, we would just

have to wait and see what this means

for our winter wheat producers of the state.

>>> And you have all of this and more

in your new blog that's just out?

>>> Yeah, we just started a brand new blog

for Ag Policy through OK State and I'm really excited

to be able to provide really quick, timely information.

>>> Great, we will look for that.

Thanks a lot, Amy.

And for a link to Amy's new blog

go to SUNUP.OKState.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Grasshoppers & Crops

>>> As we get into late summer, insects are out and that means

grasshoppers are out.

So Tom, a lotta people are concerned when it comes

to grasshoppers and crops, but that's really not

really that big of a problem, is it?

>>> It isn't a problem for most of the state this year

because most of the grasshoppers,

real big populations are out in western Oklahoma.

They can cause problems in corn and sorghum

and things like that, but we just don't have

the kind of numbers that would be that much of a concern.

Grasshopper populations fluctuate up and down.

When I first came here in '97,

they were a tremendous problem in a lot of the state

and then they disappeared.

And they just kind of come and go.

So if there's a hot spot where crops are bein' damaged,

yeah, the producer's gonna have to do something about 'em.

But a lotta times, they're more in western Oklahoma

where there's a lot more range land pasture

and things like that.

Grasshoppers typically feed on, like this

sorghum plant, right here.

They feed along the edges and they'll chew

all the way down to the main vein of that leaf.

So they can literally make it look like the crop

had hail damage, I mean, they strip the leaves

down to almost nothing.

But this is very typical of the kind of damage

that grasshopper causes when they feed.

>>> But they can be an issue when it comes to, you know,

kinda smaller productions like gardens and situations

like that. 

>>> Oh, absolutely.

Yeah, gardeners probably more of the questions

that we get in our department are gardeners

and people just trying to protect their prize roses,

or their prize whatever plants they have

'cause wing, can go anywhere.

They look at a garden like an oasis

of like a smorgasbord.

So what we've suggested in the past

is to get some horticultural fabric and protect your

prize plants and then probably just let the grasshoppers

have the rest, because if they get really numerous,

they'll even chew on screen, you know,

nylon screens and door screens, and things like that.

They become voracious.

They're looking for moisture and anything to eat.

>>> A lot of the state has quite a bit of rain.

Does that affect how bad or how,

or I guess, better the situation's gonna be

when it comes to grasshoppers?

>>> I would say in general, yes, because

there's still a lot of green plant material around.

It's not all drying down like it would in some years.

But maybe the farther west you go,

there's some definite, some areas out in western Oklahoma

that are a little sparcer for rain.

The grasshopper will eat its body weight

in forage every day, where it's 100% of its body weight,

whereas a cow, or cattle, will eat two to three percent

of their body weight in a day.

So, 60 to 80 pounds of grasshoppers is equivalent

to a 500 pound cow in terms of what they'll eat

for range land, grasses and forbes and things.

So, they can really cause problems in those areas

where we have a lot of range land and pasture.

We have some suggestions on

we have a fact sheet for managing grasshoppers

and range land, and pasture crops in range land

and pasture, and managing grasshoppers in lawns and gardens.

Unfortunately, the time of year that we have, right now,

the fact that these grasshoppers all have wings

is not the best time to manage them.

The best time to manage 'em is in June

when they're still comin' up out of the ground,

hatching up out of the ground; they're small.

That's the best time to control 'em.

But a lot of people just don't pay attention to 'em

back then 'cause they're little and they don't think much

about 'em till they get big and hungry.

>>> They cause a lotta problems.

>>> Yes. 

>>> Alrighty, Tom.

Tom Royer, Extension Etymologist here,

at Oklahoma State University.

And if you'd like the link to the fact sheet

that Tom referenced, go to our Web site,

SUNUP.OKState.edu.

(upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Welcome to the Mesonet Weather Report.

I'm Wes Lee.

So far this summer, we have had some very warm spells,

a few much cooler than normal spells,

but not much extremely hot weather.

You can see from this map showing days above 100 degrees

that with the exception of Latimer County,

no sites in the eastern half of the state

has seen the century mark as of Wednesday morning.

But why, then, has it seemed so hot?

The answer to that may be because of the

excessive moisture in the air.

This chart is average dew point temperatures,

a measurement of air moisture not dependent on temperature.

It runs from July 1 through Wednesday of this week.

The dark line shows this year's readings and the blue field

is a long-term average.

Over 45 days, only a couple of days came in below normal.

This causes the felt temperature

or heat index to run higher.

This table from the National Weather Service,

show just how much humidity or moisture in the air

impacts the felt temperature.

A 70% humidity can make an 88 degree temperature

feel like it is 100 degrees.

This heat index map from Wednesday afternoon

shows that high humidities in Southern Oklahoma,

we're creating a felt like temperature

of 110 degrees near Ardmore

while the measured air temperature was only 98 at the time.

Next up is Gary with a cooler temperature forecast.

 

>>> Thanks Wes and good morning everyone?

Well we're lucky enough to get a good rain across the state

once again, over the past week, which helped reduce

some of that drought coverage once again.

So we've steadily reduced the drought coverage

over the summer months, especially as we got into July

into the early parts of August.

Now we still have some parts of the state hurting,

but at least we're seeing the light at the end of the tunnel

we hope, well you can see,

we still have the broad area of drought across

the Western half to one third of Oklahoma.

Really it extends over into just barely over

into Central Oklahoma as we start to get

into the Western most parts of Blaine and Caddo County.

We look at the rainfall from the Mesonet

for the past 10 days we see some of those generous rainfalls

extending from, Eastern Beaver County and Harper County,

where they had some pretty bad flooding impact

down through Central Oklahoma,

even down into parts of Southeastern Oklahoma

and of course, East central Oklahoma

got some pretty good rains as well.

So again, some replenishment of the soils

on this areas, some are diminishing

they have the drought impacts,

and that's why we have the improvement

in the drought picture.

Now we're currently pretty hot across the state

we have been for about a week or so

what do we see when we start to look for an estimate?

Well, we start to see a little bit to increase the odds

for below normal temperatures across the state.

Maybe some eighties, low eighties in parts of the state

as we start the early next week

and the next week's rainfall outlook

doesn't look quite as good, but we've seen this before

and it's actually turned out quite well

so we'll hope this outlook from the (mumbling)

doesn't really come true and we do see some rains

but it would always be good to get some rain,

as we go through August.

So if we don't, that's not really that unexpected

but if we do it will of course be an added benefit.

That's it for this time, we'll see you next time

on the Mesonet weather report.

 

Market Monitor

>>> The latest WASDE report came out earlier this week

and Kim, there were some big numbers in that report.

>>> Well, it's a pretty big report

and it's a lot of surprises in this report.

You look at production in United States

for corn and soybeans

the prerelease estimate was 15 billion 174 million

bushels for corn, big harvest it came in at 15.278

above expectations.

You look at soybeans, a big harvest of 4.254 billion

expected it came in at 4.425,

175 million above expectations.

However, if you look at any stocks for corn and beans,

corn they expected 2.8 billion came in at 2.756

so they increased the demand estimate there,

soybeans they expected 524 million they got 610 million.

So I think it's negative for beans, positive for corn

if you look at wheat, it's really negative for wheat

the expectation was 946 million bushels

it came in at 1.044 billion bushels,

about a 100 million bushels above expectations.

I think that's gonna be negative for U.S. wheat prices.

>>> We always seem to focus on stuff happening in the Ukraine,

in Russia, in that region the Black Sea area,

where are we with with those estimates?

>>> Well, right now the production looked like

it's gonna be about 200 million bushels above last year

you've got higher production in Russia

and that's still an unknown.

You look at U.S. estimates for Russia

it's about 2.85 billion bushels there's some analysts

in Russia that have that crop at 3 billion bushels.

So there's still some uncertainty there,

Ukraine about the same to slightly higher than last year,

the Black Sea area, higher production and higher exports.

>>> With all of that information

and where we are with the calendar.

Do you foresee us hitting a bottom

of the wheat prices here soon?

>>> Well, I think wheat prices are relatively close,

I think we've got that harvest pressure

from the Black Sea area already in the market

could be some surprises there, but not much

the big uncertainty right now I think it's Australia

they're looking at about a 400 million bushel increase

in crop from about 550 to over 900 million bushels.

We'll see if they can get that crop in the band

if, but I think that's already in the price

and so we should be near to bottom for wheat prices

and maybe pick up just a little early.

>>> Just briefly, where are we with the soybeans

and the corn prices?

>>> I think corn prices are probably bottomed out

they've been there, not historical low,

but the low we've seen the last five or six years.

I think corn prices are probably bottomed out

with the increased ending stocks for soybeans

I think we might see beans going a little bit lower.

>>> Okay, thank you very much.

Dr. Kim Anderson, Grain Marketing Specialist

here at Oklahoma State University

(upbeat music)

 

Vet Script

>>> If you raise rabbits or have a pet rabbit,

you probably have heard of the disease

rabbit hemorrhagic disease.

There's basically three different serotypes to this virus.

One of those is rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus serotype 2.

This particular virus was originally found in Europe

around 2010, but in the summer of 2018

in the state of Washington,

this serotype 2 was diagnosed in a pet rabbit.

Now the interesting thing about serotype 2,

is it's not only fatal to domestic rabbits,

it's also fatal to wild rabbits.

In the spring of this year,

this particular serotype 2 has been found in Arizona,

New Mexico, Colorado, and Texas

in domestic and wild rabbits.

Now, typically when an rabbit has a hemorrhagic disease,

most of the time we're gonna find dead rabbits.

That's what we'll see with maybe a little bit

of crust of blood in the nasal passages.

Those that survive for a day or two

are gonna have a fever.

They're gonna tend not want to eat.

They're gonna be very lethargic, layer around.

We're probably gonna see some respiratory signs,

heavy breathing, maybe some cyanotic membrane,

some bluish color to those membranes.

We'll also see some neurological signs.

This virus is highly contagious.

It's easily spread from one rabbit to the next.

It can be found on there fur,

it can be found in the tissues.

And that's why the decaying carcasses,

the virus will stay in those carcasses

for long periods of times.

We suspect that the virus is present in just about

any fluid in the rabbit,

as far as blood, fecal material or urine.

It's easy for a person to get in an area where the virus is

and get it on their feet and clothes and take it back

to their home where they have their rabbits

and infect their rabbits.

As far as treatment is concerned, you treat symptoms.

We have no specific treatment for that for the disease.

The USDA has a protocol for rabbit owners

on biosecurity.

If you'll go to SUNUP.okstate.edu

we'll put that on the website.

 

>>> Thanks so much for joining us this week for SUNUP.

Remember, you can find us anytime on our website,

SUNUP.okstate.edu.

And also follow us on YouTube and social media.

I'm Lyndall Stout have a great week everyone.

And remember, Oklahoma Agriculture starts at SUNUP.

(upbeat music)

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