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E-mail: sunup@okstate.edu

 

 

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Transcript for April 25, 2020

This show includes the following segments: 

  • Altus Wheat Field Day
  • Mesonet Weather
  • Chickasha Wheat Field Day
  • Cow-Calf Corner
  • Market Monitor
  • Coronavirus Food Assistant Program Information

(upbeat music)

 

>>> Hello everyone and welcome to SUNUP.

I'm Lyndall Stout.

We hope that you are doing well.

Like many events around to Oklahoma,

OSU events are canceled

and that includes OSU Extension and Research field days.

But we know that many people

still wanna see how wheat varieties are faring.

OSU Extension Small Grain Specialist, Dr. Amanda Silva,

will take us to a couple of stops this week,

beginning in Altus, where she's joined by Gary Strickland,

our Jackson County Extension Director.

 

Altus Wheat Field Day

>>> We have WB 4792,

it's a variety that has shown a good yield,

very good milling and baking quality.

Also second year in the trial.

So we are still learning about it.

We will have more information about it

by the end of the season.

Has shown good forage production,

good disease resistance package

with a combination against leaf rust, stripe rust,

hessian fly, even wheat streak mosaic.

On the mid to late side of maturity.

Very good lodging tolerance, very good test weight

and its resistance to wheat streak mosaic

makes it suitable for the Western region.

Another one from AgriPro, we have SY Rugged.

It's a high yielded dry land variety.

It has a good grazability,

a great disease resistance against leaf rust

and stripe rust.

So great combination against those.

On the mid early side of first hollow stem.

Tolerant to acid soils.

Not really tolerant to lodging.

Very good test weight, drought tolerance.

It's suited for most of the areas here in Oklahoma.

>>> Yeah it has, I think it's another one of those variety,

per it's name, it's kind of a tough variety.

Does well, did fairly well in the Altus trials

this last year, wasn't the top yielder,

but it was still in there in that intermediate-range

and it has a drought tolerance.

So I think it has a fit in the Southwest,

would you tend to agree?

>>> Yes, yes, for sure yes.

 

Okay, so taking a look here

at some varieties from Limagrain.

We have LCS Chrome.

So this variety has shown

to be a very good yield variety, especially under grazing.

Broadly adopted in Oklahoma under irrigation and dry land.

Good forage production,

a good disease resistance package,

especially with a combination against

leaf rust and stripe rust.

It's on the late side of maturity.

It's late to first hollow stem.

Tolerance to acid soils, excellent against lodging.

So it's more like a medium height variety.

Good protein and good test weight.

It's a good variety and it's also recommended

to plant it on time.

>>> That's good, We've grown acres of this

in Southwest Oklahoma.

It's a good dual-purpose wheat.

It's a good grain producer,

will respond under irrigation

as well as in dry land conditions.

Amanda, has Hessian fly resistance.

I think there's some question,

is it intermediate is it resistant?

But we do know that we do have some resistance in it

and it had found a home here a couple years ago,

because of our Hessian fly issue.

And Chrome performed well under those conditions.

So good overall variety when you look,

consider both its grain and grazing capabilities,

disease package and some Hessian fly resistance in it.

 

>>> Taking a look here at varieties

from Texas A and M marketed by Execo.

Here we have TAM 114.

This variety here it has shown

a below average forage production overall in our trials.

It has a good disease resistance

against leaf rust and stripe rust.

On the early side of first hollow stem

and it's on the medium side of heading.

As far as maturity, its tolerance to acid soils,

very good, lodging tolerance.

Good test weight, good milling and baking quality.

Actually, very good dough strength

and very high tillering ability, this variety has.

>>> Yeah again, you mentioned, I believe you said,

good forage response, is that correct?

>>> It's been like on the below average.

>>> Oh, below average response.

>>> Yeah, forage production.

>>> We've seen acres of TAM 114 grown in southwest Oklahoma.

One of the things was, with it's disease resistance package

it's come on and it's been an improvement

over some of our TAM varieties and it's done well down here.

Producers have grown it, it's yielded well in the trial.

We like the fact that it is drought tolerant

and it'll hang in there when we get those dry conditions

and still give us some production.

So, I have growers every year looking at this variety

and I know we've had acres that have been planted.

(Upbeat music)

 

Mesonet Weather

>>> Hi, Wes Lee with your weekly Mesonet weather report.

Late April is traditionally when producers start

hay production on the state's alfalfa

and small grains crops.

Recently, the weather in the state has been anything,

but favorable for that.

April has been cold, wet and cloudy so far.

This chart shows April's average temperatures.

The blue fill is the 15-year Mesonet average.

While the dark line is the temperatures for 2020.

All data have been smoothed.

Temperatures through Wednesday were two to 10 degrees

below the long term average.

Humidity levels have been high as well.

Again, the line is this April's data versus

the long-term average in the blue fill.

Most days have been much higher than the average.

Evapotranspiration, or ET, is another way of looking

at good hay drying conditions.

Typically, the higher the ET, the better the hay drying.

This chart shows that ETs in April

have been much lower than the Mesonet, long-term averages.

The good news is a more favorable weather pattern,

for hay, is in the forecast.

While the chances of rain are never zero this time of year.

The browns in this map shows

they are below normal for next week.

The reds in this temperature forecast

are also indicating a good chance of warmer weather ahead.

Hopefully, some high-quality forage can be bailed up soon.

Here's Gary, looking at our longer term forecast.

>>> Thanks Wes and good morning everyone!

While we did get some rain this week.

Hopefully, it helped out those areas that were really dry.

Unfortunately, it didn't help out all those areas.

So, let's take a look at the latest drought monitor map.

See what we have.

As we've shown you over the last few months

we still have that area of severe drought

across Cimarron County and then the moderate drought

extending southeastward from there.

That's a long-term drought dating all the way back

till last fall, so, it's gonna need a lot more rainfall

than they got this week to improve conditions out there.

We also see those abnormally dry conditions.

That's the yellow area introduced

into parts of Harper County

and also down into Roger Mills County.

So, those areas we're gonna be watching for next week.

We'll see if the rainfall from this week,

after the drought monitor's released,

helps with those areas on next weeks map, however.

The Climate Prediction Center released their outlooks

for both May and the May through July periods.

We'll start with the May period.

For temperature we see equal chances

of above below or near normal conditions

for Oklahoma and really much of the center of the U.S.

So, basically a punt on that outlook.

The precipitation outlook, however,

shows a really good signal for above normal

precipitation across our area.

Especially, the main body of the state

we see greatly increased odds of above normal precipitation

and really that extends up into the northern plains as well.

So, really good wet signal there for rain.

Now when we get through the May through July period,

for temperature, we see increased odds

for above normal temperatures during that period

for all except the extreme northeastern part of the state.

So, above normal temperatures

for the May through July periods.

Not necessarily something we want,

but we'll see if this actually comes to fruition

as we go through the next few months.

That's it for this time.

We'll see you next time on the Mesonet Weather Report.

 

Chickasha Wheat Variety

>>> Earlier in the show we saw wheat varieties

in Jackson County, now it's time to go

to the South Central Research Station near Chickasha.

Once again, here's Dr. Amanda Silva.

>>> So here we have OK Corral.

OK Corral, it's the newest release from OSU.

It is a beardless wheat.

It does well, under grain only, under dual purpose systems.

It can also be used for hay.

It has a great disease resistance package,

including Hessian fly, leaf rust, stripe rust,

tan spot, Septorium, powdery mildew.

It's moderately susceptible to BYD, barley yellow dwarf.

On the mid side of maturity, so mid first hollow stem.

It is tolerant to acid soils, very good straw strength,

and it also has a good tolerance to low nitrogen.

So it has shown an average protein,

and it is considered a low maintenance variety.

Here we have Showdown.

Showdown has a very high yield ceiling,

and it's also under grain only,

and under dual purpose systems.

It's widely adopted in Oklahoma.

It has a broad disease resistance package including,

resistance to stripe rust, and Hessian fly.

It's moderately susceptible to leaf rust,

and powdery mildew.

It's on the mid side of maturity,

with a mid first hollow stem.

It's moderately tolerant to acid soils.

It has a good lodging strength.

Although this year you're seeing

a little bit of lodging here.

Nothing too severe, but we are seeing some.

It's a variety that is known

to be tolerant in low nitrogen soils,

so a high anti weevil variety.

It has good milling and baking qualities.

And so it does benefit from fungicide,

if leaf rust is high.

Here we have a variety from WestBred, WB4269.

It's a very good yielding variety.

It's adapted to the central and east part of Oklahoma.

It has a good disease resistance package,

including the combination of resistance

against leaf rust, and stripe rust.

Also, it's moderately resistant against the scab.

So it's moderately susceptible to Hessian fly and tan spot.

It's on the early side of first hollow stem.

And it has shown moderately tolerance to acid soils,

a good tolerance against lodging.

It's a variety that has shown a high tillering potential,

and stays green.

It has a good test weight.

And it has shown to break dormancy well.

You will see that it has like erect growth habit.

So if you planted in narrow rows,

it may help you to cover that ground faster.

Also, another variety here from AgriPro,

we have Bob Dole.

So Bob Dole has shown a very high yielding ceiling variety.

It's targeted for the central corridor of Oklahoma.

It has done really well here in the trials,

especially under intensive management systems.

It has a quick start, quick for pasture formation.

Its disease resistance package is really good.

So it has that combination of resistance

against leaf rust, stripe rust, tan spot, Septoria.

It's susceptible to Hessian fly, and wheat streak mosaic.

It's on the mid side of maturity.

It's tolerant to acid soils.

It has a good lodging tolerance.

It's a fairly tall variety.

It has a good test weight, good baking quality,

drought tolerant variety.

And it may lean, if you aren't in situations,

in very high yielding situations,

above 80 bushels or so.

So overall, it has done really well here in the trials,

especially last year.

So here we have KS Silverado.

It's also its first year in our trials.

So it's a white wheat.

It has a broad adaptation to central

and west areas of Oklahoma.

It has a good forage production,

but it is recommended for grain only systems.

So it has a good disease resistance package.

It's moderately resistant against stripe rust and leaf rust.

Also, it's moderately susceptible to powdery mildew.

It's on the mid early side of maturity.

It's moderately tolerant against acid soils,

or moderately tolerant to acid soils.

It has a very good lodging tolerance.

It has a good pre harvest sprouting tolerance,

and overall has a very good disease resistance package.

Here another variety from Texas,

we have AG Icon.

It's a variety that has a very good yield potential,

good forage production,

it's resistant against leaf rust.

And also it's resistant against certain types,

or certain races of stripe rust.

It's on moderately early side maturity.

It has a good acid soil tolerance,

good lodging tolerance.

It has a good tillering capability,

and good baking and milling quality.

Another variety here from Limagrain.

We have

T173,

and you can see here is a variety that is beardless.

So it's

marketed as a forage

wheat.

So it has

it's first year in our trial

so we are still learning about it.

It has shown an average forage production

in our forage trials.

Also showed a very late first hollow stem in both

locations of our trials,

including here in Chickasha.

It's a fairly tall variety.

It has a prostrate growth

and

it's good for a winter grazing

(upbeat guitar music)

 

Cow-Calf Corner

>>> With all this talk on the news about the need for a human

vaccine for Coronavirus.

It's a reminder to those of us in the beef cattle

industry that we need to do a good job

with the vaccines that we use to protect our cattle.

We want to remember,

the most effectiveness of the vaccine

is going to be when we first purchase it

and it's our job to keep as much of that effectiveness

as possible until we actually get it injected

into the animal

that is going to need that for disease protection.

A good part of that is during the storage of vaccine

to make sure that the facility that we store it in

is set at the proper temperature.

If you'll look on the label of most vaccines that we use

in the cattle industry,

it'll say to store these at 35

to 45 degrees Fahrenheit.

You know there was two studies done,

one in Arkansas and one in Idaho independent of each other

that went out to farms and ranches and actually checked

the refrigerators that those folks

were storing their vaccines in.

In the case in Arkansas, only about 27% of the refrigerators

that they checked stayed within that temperature range,

95% of the time .

It was a little better in Idaho, but not much.

Only about 34% of the refrigerators that they checked

stayed within that temperature range 95% of the time.

That tells me that we want to really stay on top of

what the temperature is in the refrigerator

that we're using to store our vaccines in.

Also we want to remember that when we take

that vaccine out to the working shoot,

to work the cattle,

that we want to make sure that vaccine stays

at about that 35 to 45 degrees.

A good way to do that,

is by doing a little engineering

with a

small a

ice chest

that you can change to make sure

that the syringes that you're using will fit down into

that ice box and keep it cool until you're ready

to actually inject it in the cattle.

Also look again at the SUNUP website

and we'll look for another excellent fact sheet.

It's about the storage,

the handling,

the use of vaccines.

It'll do a lot in terms of educating you about

different things to do and don't do

when you're handling these vaccines.

We wanna remember they're expensive to buy

and they're gonna be even more expensive

if they're not effective and our cattle come down

with whatever disease we're actually trying

to protect them with.

Let's take a look at those two fact sheets.

I think they'll go a long ways to helping you get

the protection for your cattle that you want and need.

Hey, we'll look forward to visiting with you again

next week on SUNUP's Cow-Calf Corner.

 

Coronavirus Food Assistant Program Information

>>> USDA has announced the Coronavirus

food assistance programs, CFAP.

And this is the program that farmers and ranchers

have really been waiting on,

because it's going to provide direct payments

to producers for the losses associated with

the market price declines that we've observed

these last couple of months.

This program is actually a little bigger

than we thought it was going to be initially

based on the CARES Act.

It's going to be $16 billion dollars

in direct payments to producers plus

another $3 billion dollars in food buy ups for meat, dairy,

and produce that will be taken into

regional distribution centers and distributed out

through food banks, food pantries, faith based organizations

in order to really get the food to the people in need.

We don't have a lot of details on this program

yet in terms of exactly what the payments will be

or how they will be distributed to producers.

Those details will come out from USDA

and the rulemaking process in the next few weeks.

What we do know is this sign-up program will begin sometime

in early May and it is going to probably result in payments

in late May and early June.

That's USDA's goal.

That's a pretty fast moving sign-up process through FSA.

As we go through the process,

the things producers can do right now is think

about the records that they have on hand.

Make sure they have a track of their inventories

for our cattle producers.

Make sure they have some tracking of their crop reports

and have all of those filed in a timely manner.

Because we don't have a lot of details on exactly

what paperwork they'll need to have in place at this point,

just make sure you're up to date.

But this program is really targeted to losses from January

through September 30 of this year.

In addition, while we're waiting on additional details

for CFAP to come out,

don't forget that the WHIP+ Program,

Wildfire, Hurricane Indemnity extended program

is available for sign up right now.

This is gonna apply in multiple counties in Oklahoma

and it's going to apply for both drought

and excess rain in 2018 and 2019.

So there's an opportunity to get in

and get some payments through that program

in one of those affected counties as well,

while we're waiting for additional details.

(soft instrumental music)

 

Market Montor

>>> We're gonna dive into world wheat production

and the use of it, but Kim, before we do that,

how does the 2020 wheat price look?

>>> Well, if you're looking at Burlington, Oklahoma,

it's about $4.80, the panhandle it's $4.70,

and down into Southern Oklahoma, say Snyder around $4.60.

If you look at those bases off

that Kansas city, July contract, it's a minus $.20.

Burlington minus $.30, in the panhandle minus $.40

at the Southern Oklahoma.

>>> What does the supply and demand numbers look like

for that crop?

>>> Well, if you look at the world

going into the harvest this year, we're gonna start out

with a record 10.8 billion bushels.

The world crops projected to be

by about 28.2 billion bushels.

That's a slightly higher than last year.

It's a new record.

If you use this year's record, use weight of 27.5 billion,

and add it to the ending stocks,

that means next year's ending stocks could be projected

to be a record, 11.5 billion bushels.

>>> How is the wheat harvest going so far?

>>> Well, if you look around the world,

let's start with the number one producer,

the European Union.

The word on the street is that

they had problems in certain areas.

Planting the wheat last year,

that the acreage is down a little bit

and that there'll be 150, 160 million bushels

left soft wheat for exports.

Also, they've got some problems with their demand right now.

They use wheat to make ethanol

that at the month with oil prices.

The ethanol demands down and so their use is down.

You look at the number three producer, India,

they've started their harvest.

As we talked about last couple of weeks they had trouble

getting the crews in there.

Then it started raining, that's impacted the quality

and the quantity, but they're still projected

to produce a record crop.

Number four, Russia, would probably

have 150 to 240 million bushel bigger crop this next year.

That's gonna weigh heavy on the export market.

And of course, as you know, that comes in late August,

September time period.

The big news in the market right now is that Russia

is gonna limit exports.

They normally do that this time of year as does Ukraine.

And you look at the number five producer, United States,

not much change in production, not much change in use

but lower any stocks at the end of the year.

>>> Overall, how does your outlook on the wheat crop look?

>>> About where it is, you know, we've been talking about it

for the last several months, around $4 and 75 to $5 a week.

It's gonna depend on how much we produce.

But the biggest deal would be the test weight

and the protein.

We get good test weight and protein.

I think we may have a little higher price

that Kansas city July contract set right on five bucks.

If we can get through that $5 and break that resistance.

We got another maybe 20 cents up.

>>> We've been across the state looking at wheat

and the crop looks pretty good, Kim.

With the prices being where they are,

do you think this is an opportunity for producers

across Oklahoma to kind of get in on it?

>>> Well, the other two times when prices got up here I said,

"Nah, I wouldn't do anythingā€¯.

(laughs loudly)

I think third time maybe charm.

I may forward contract some wheat

just to lock in this price just in case it goes in the tank.

I'll have some to deliver at this price,

but I wouldn't get carried away doing it.

>>> Do you still hold your third, third, and third?

>>> I know I think the markets and what the news is telling us

this year that we've got a window in June, July,

maybe into August.

But when that big world crop comes on

for the Russia and those other countries

in August, September, I think we've got a big probability

of our price going down.

>>> Okay, thank you very much.

Dr. Kim Anderson, grain marketing specialist

here at Oklahoma State University.

(soft instrumental music)

 

>>> A reminder that you can see all 40 wheat varieties

from both locations in-depth on the SUNUP YouTube channel.

We have a link for you at SUNUP.okstate.edu.

And that will do it for us this week.

I'm Lyndall Stout, we'll see you next time at SUNUP.

(soft instrumental music) 

 

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